cost（花费） cost cost
cut（割） cut cut
hit（打） hit hit
hurt 伤害） hurt hurt
let（让） let let
put（放） put put
read（读） read read
spread (伸展/ 传播)spread spread
beat（跳动） beat beaten
come（来） came come
run（跑） ran run
dig（挖） dug dug
get（得到） got got
hang（吊死） hanged hanged
hang（悬挂） hung hung
hold（抓住） held held
lay (产卵) laid laid
shine（照耀） shone shone
sit（坐） sat sat
win （赢） won won
meet（遇见） met met
keep （保持） kept kept
sleep（睡） slept slept
sweep（扫） swept swept
feel（感觉） felt felt
flee (逃跑) fled fled
smell（闻） smelt smelt
leave（离开） left lef
t build（建设） built built
lend（借出） lent lent
send （传送) sent sent
spend（花费） spent spent
sink (沉下) sunk/sank snuk/sunken
lose （丢失） lost lost
burn （燃烧） burnt burnt
learn（学习） learnt learnt
mean（意思是） meant meant
catch（抓住） caught caught
teach（教) taught taught
bring(带来） brought brought
fight （战斗) fought fought
buy（买） bought bought
think（想） thought thought
hear （听见） heard heard
sell（卖） sold sold
tell（告诉） told told
say（说） said said
find（找到) found found
feed ( 饲养 ) fed fed
have/has(有) had had
make（制造) made made
stand（站） stood stood
smell （闻）smelled/smelt smelled/smelt
stick (粘贴 /刺stuck stuck
spell (拼写)spelt/spelled spelt/spelled
spit (吐唾沫） spat spat
(5) ABC型（动词原形、过去式与过去分词三者不同形） begin（开始） began begun
drink（喝） drank drunk
hide （躲藏） hid hidden
ring（铃响） rang rung
sing （唱） sang sung
swim（游泳） swam swum
blow（吹） blew blown
draw （画） drew drawn
fly（飞） flew flown
grow（生长） grew grown
know（知道） knew known
throw（投掷） threw thrown
show（出示） showed shown
break（打破） broke broken
choose（选择) chose chosen
forget（忘记) forgot forgotten (forgot)
freeze （结冰／ 凝固） froze frozen
speak（说） spoke spoken
wake（醒） woke woke
drive（驾驶） drove driven
eat（吃） ate eaten
fall（落下） fell fallen
give（给） gave given
rise（升高） rose risen
take（取） took taken
mistake(弄错) mistook mistaken
ride（骑） rode ridden
write（写） wrote written
do（做） did done
go（去） went gone
lie（平躺） lay lain
see（看见） saw seen
wear （穿） wore worn
be ( am, is, are )（是） was, were been
（6）现在分词（也可总结为规则以 ie 结尾改为 y + ing） die（死）
dying dying lie（躺，平放，说谎） lying lying tie （系, 打结） tying tying
sit —— sat throw —— threw am, is —— was
drink —— drank draw —— drew are —— were
sing —— sang fly ——flew do —— did
begin —— began grow —— grew have, has —— had
swim —— swam put —— put may —— might
give —— gave cut —— cut can —— could
ring —— rang let —— let shall ——should
run —— ran read —— read will —— would
ride —— rode catch —— caught go —— went
write —— wrote teach —— taught eat —— ate
drive —— drove think —— thought hear —— heard
keep —— kept buy —— bought see —— saw
sleep —— slept fight —— fought find —— found
sweep —— swept hold —— held wear —— wore
feel —— felt tell —— told meet —— met
come —— came get —— got mean —— meant
become —— became make —— made speak —— spoke
take —— took say —— said
1）is, am -was are-were
2) begin-began ring-rang drink-drank swim-swam give-gave
sing-sang sit-sat run-ran have-had make-made
3) write-wrote ride-rode speak-spoke drive-drove stand-stood
tell-told win-won get-got take-took
4) sleep-slept sweep-swept feel-felt keep-kept
spell-spelt spend-spent bend-bent
5) know-knew fly-flew blow-blew grow-grew
throw-threw draw-drew (glow-glowed)
6) teach-taught catch-caught buy-bought
7) find-found hear-heard say-said lie-lay
see-saw learn-learnt mean-meant
8) put-put read-read cut-cut let-let
plant种植 early早的 film电影 farm农场 collect收集 taste 品尝 milk挤奶 carrot胡萝卜 meet遇见 holiday假日 cow 奶牛 camp野营 pull up拉出、把……向上拔 else 别的，其它的 National Day 国庆日 before在……以前 mountain 山 mountains山脉，山区
1. National Day（国庆日）
2. the National Day holiday（国庆假期）
3. last week/ last year上个星期/去年
4. after the holiday（假期后）
5. go to school early（很早上学）
6. in the school playground（在学校操场上）
7. before class（上课前）/ before -- after
8. watch a film with my parents （和我的父母一起去看电影）/ watched
9. a funny cartoon （一部有趣的卡通片）
10. That was fun!（那是件有趣的事！）
/ fun（名词）/ funny（形容词）
11. on the farm（在农场里）
12. water trees（浇树）/ watered
13. pull up carrots（拔胡萝卜）/ pulled up
14. milk cows（挤牛奶）/ milked
15. visit a farm with my family （和我的家人一起参观农场）/ visited
16. collect eggs（收集鸡蛋）/ collected
17. fruit trees（果树）
18. pick a lot of oranges（摘许多橘子）
19. taste them（品尝它们）/ tasted
21. go to the farm（去农场）/ went
22. at the weekends（在周末）
23. watch cartoons（看动画片）/ watched
24. visit the zoo（参观动物园）/ visited
25. listen to music（听音乐）/ listened
26. play football（踢足球）/ played
27. play volleyball（打排球）/ played
28. clean the house（打扫房子）/ cleaned
29. visit Liu Tao’s grandparents （拜访刘涛的祖父母）/ visited
30. camping trip（野营旅行）
31. at a camp（在一个营地上）
32. walk in the mountains（登山）/ walked
33. cook a lot of food（做许多食物）/cooked
34. play a lot of games（玩许多游戏 played
35. go camping（去野营）/ went
36. plant flowers（种花）/ planted
37. have a good time（玩得很高兴）/ had
38、show us his photos 给我们看他的照片
/t/ like—liked dance—danced help—helped pick—picked watch—watched touch—touched look—looked jump—jumped work—worked ask—asked walk—walked milk—milked pass—passed wash—washed
/d/clean—cleaned call—called live—lived play—played pull—pulled open—opened climb—climbed listen—listened water—watered stay—stayed answer—answered
/id/ want—wanted start—started wait—waited plant—planted collect—collected taste—tasted point—pointed visit--visited
/d/ study—studied try—tried worry—worried cry—cryied
shop—shopped /t/ jog—jogged /d/ plan—planned /d/
am,is—was are—were go—went have,has—had do—did come—came sit—sat eat—ate make—made give—gave see—saw know—knew meet—met fly—flew read—read /red/ feel—felt say—said sing—sang put—put let—let take—took
改为否定句：在动词前加didn’t,再把动词改为原形。句中有some要改为any。 改为一般疑问句：在句子开头加did, 再把动词改为原形。句中有some要改为any。第一人称要改为第二人称。
(1) Mike is __________ (talk) to Helen about his birthday .
(2) Han Mei __________ (meet) her good friend that day.
(3)They ___________(visit) a farm last Wednesday .
(4) Miss Du__________ (walk) to work last term.
(5) The pair of earphones ___________(be) on the bed just now .
(6) __________ you __________ (have) bread for breakfast this morning?
(7) I __________ (live) in a small town two years ago.
(8) The students ______________ (have) an English lesson now.
(9) He usually ___________(get) up at six o’clock .
(10) We ______ (go) to the cinema last night. The film ___________ ( be ) very good.
(1) Wei Fang cleaned the classroom an hour ago. (改为一般疑问句,并作肯定和否定回答)
________ Wei Fang __________ the classroom an hour ago?
_________ , she __________. / ________ ,she _________.
(2) Li Hong did her homework yesterday afternoon. (改为否定句) Li Hong ________ ________ her homework yesterday afternoon.
(3) Uncle Li drove a car to Wuhan three months ago.(改成一般疑问句) __________ Uncle Li __________a car to Wuhan three months ago?
(4) Miss Gao taught them English last term.(改为一般疑问句) __________Miss Gao __________ __________ English last term? (5) Mr Ren went to work on foot last year. (对划线部分提问) __________ __________Mr Ren ________ to work last year？
(6)Lucy did her homework at home.（改否定句）
Lucy _______ _______ her homework at home.
(7)He found some juice in the fridge.（变一般疑问句)
______ he _____ ______ juice in the fridge?
(8)There was some tea in the cup.（变一般疑问句)
_____ there _____ tea in the cup?
1、We should walk on the grass.(改为否定句)
We _____ ______walk on the grass.
2、Open the door.（改为否定句）
______ open ______ ______.
3、It means 'No smoking'.（改为一般疑问句）
______ it ______ 'No smoking'?
4、It means 'Danger'.（对划线部分提问）
_______ ______ it ______?
5、He is a student.(改成一般疑问句)
______ ______ a ______?
6、They often go home together.(改为一般疑问句)
_____ _____ often_____home together?
7、My birthday's on the fifth of May.(对画线部分提问)
______ is ______ birthday?
8、Jim is playing football.(对画线部分提问)
______ is Jim______?
9、I'd like a mask as my birthday present.(对画线部分提问) ______ would ______ like ______ ______ birthday present?
10、are, very, all, excited, students, the(连词成句)
11、The films were in the pocket. (对划线部分提问)
______ ______ the films?
12、It was Sports Day at school.( 改成否定句)
It ______ Sports Day at school.
13、Liu Tao usually watches TV on Saturday.(改成一般疑问句) ______ Liu Tao usually _______ TV on Saturday?
14、The bee was there a moment ago.(改成同义句)
The bee _______ there _______ now.
15、Please give the camera to the man.(同义句)
Please give the ________ _______ ________。
16、There were glasses on the desk just now.(改成单数)
There ______ _____ ______ of glasses on the desk just now.
17、Jack is only four years old.(对划线部分提问)
______ ______ is Jack?
18、You should keep quiet in the cinema.(改成一般疑问句) _______ ______ keep quiet in the cinema?
19、else, did, last night, what, do, you,(连词成句)
What ______ ______ you do last night?
20、I went to the farm last weekend.（对划线部分提问） ______ _____you ______last weekend?
21、He cooked food at home yesterday.(改成否定句)
He ______ ______ ______ at home yesterday.
22、I'd like a cup of milk.（对划线部分提问）
_____ _____ you like?
23、We are all happy.(改成过去时)
We _____ all happy.
24、There were some umbrellas in the classroom.（改成单数形式） There _____ _____ ________in the classroom.
25、Tom often does morning exercise.（改成否定句）
Tom _______often _____morning exercise.
26、us, go, school, to, let, together.(连词成句)
27、I watched a cartoon with my parents this morning.（对划线部分提问） _____ _____you do with your parents this morning?
28、in, or, January, it, February, is(连词成句)
It is in ________ _____ __________?
29、watch, last, Festival, did, the, Mid-Autumn, moon, you(连词成句) ______you _______the moon last _____________ Festival?
30、Christmas is on the 25th of December.（对划线部分提问）
31、_______ is _______ favourite subject?(根据答句完成问句)
My favourite subject is English.
32、Mr. Green is talking to his students about holidays.（改为一般疑问句）
______ Mr. Green ______ to his students about holidays?
33、It's the second of June today.（对划线部分提问）
What _____ is it today?
34、The teapot is in the cupboard.（对划线部分提问）
_______ _____the teapot?
35、Jim was in his Grandpa's house just now.（对划线部分提问） ______ ______in his Grandpa's house just now?
原型 过去式 中文释义
am was 是（表示存在、状态等） are were 是（表示存在、状态等） become became 成为；变成 begin began 开始
break broke 打破
bring brought 拿来；取来；带来 build
ring built bought could caught came cut did drew drank drove ate felt found flew forgot got gave went had heard hid was kept knew left let lost made might meant met put read /e/ rode rang 构筑；建造；建筑 购买；买 可以；能；可能；会 赶上（车船等）；捕获 来；来到 切；割；削；剪 做；干；行动 画 喝；饮 开车；驾驶 吃 感到；觉得 寻找；查找 飞行 忘记；忘却 变得 给；授予 去 得（病）；患（病）；有；吃；饮 听见；听说 隐藏 是（表示存在、状态等） 保持；使保持某种状态 知道；了解 离去；出发 允许；让 失去；丧失 使；促使；迫使；做；制作 可能；可以 表示……的意思；作……的解释 遇见；相逢 放；摆；装 读；阅读 骑 （铃）响
rise rose 上升
run ran 跑；奔跑
say said 说；讲
see saw 看见
send sent 发送；寄；派；遣 set set 放, 置
show showed 出示；给……看
shut shut 关上（门、盖、窗户等） sing sang 唱；唱歌
drink-drank, 坐 睡；睡觉 说；说话 游泳 搭乘；花费（时间）；拿走；带到教；讲授 告诉；讲述 想；思考 将要 赢；获胜 书写
fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, find-found tell-told stand-stood think-thought buy-bought teach-taught
can could shall should will would may might
cost cost cost cut cut cut hit hit hit hurt hurt hurt et let let must must must put put putset set set shut shut shut read read read
beat beat beaten
become became become come came come run ran run
bring brought brought buy bought bought think thought thought catch caught caught
teach taught taught build built built lend lent lent send sent sent spend spent spent dig dug dug hang hung hung feel felt felt keep kept kept sleep slept slept
sweep swept swept leave left left smell smelt smelt spill spilt spilt lay laid laid pay paid paid say said said sell sold sold tell told told sit sat sat spit spat spat stand stood stood understand understood understood learn learnt learnt mean meant meant spoil spoilt spoilt shine shone shone win won won have had had make made made hear heard heard find found found hold held held
begin began begun drink drank drunk ring rang rung sing sang sung sink sank sunkswim swam swum blow blew blown fly flew flown grow grew grown know knew known throw threw thrown draw drew drawn show showed shown break broke broken
choose chose chosen forget forgot forgotten freeze froze frozen speak spoke spoken wake woke woken drive drove driven eat ate eaten fall fell fallen give gave given hide hid hidden ride rode ridden rise rose risen take took taken mistake mistook mistakenwrite wrote written am,is was been are were been do did done go went gone lie lay lain see saw seen wear wore worn
show showed shown draw drew drawn fall fell fallen feel felt felt hold held held help helped helped think thought thought thank thanked thanked take took taken talk talked talked get got got forget forgot forgotten meet met met mean meant meant hit hit hit hide hid hidden ring rang rung bring brought brought eat ate eaten beat beat beaten lie lay lain lay laid laid find found found found founded founded buy bought bought bring brought brought learn learnt learnt hear heard heard
1. 直接在词尾加-ed。如: want—wanted, work—worked, need—needed, clean—cleaned
2. 以不发音的e结尾的在词尾加-d。如：like—liked, live—lived, use—used, move—moved
3. 以一个元音字母加一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词，先双写结尾的辅音字母，再加-ed。如：stop—stopped, trip—tripped
4. 以辅音字母加y结尾的动词，先把y变成i，再加-ed。如：study—studied, carry—carried, hurry—hurried, marry—married
1. 以t结尾的词，过去式与原形相同。如：put—put, let—let, cut—cut, beat—beat
2. 以d结尾的词，把d变成t。如:build—built, lend—lent, send—sent, spend—spent
3. 以n结尾的词，在词后加t。如：mean—meant, burn—burnt, learn—learnt
4. 以ow / aw结尾的词，把ow / aw变成ew。如：blow—blew, draw—drew, know—knew, grow—grew
5. 含有双写字母的词，将双写改为单写，在词尾加t。如：keep—kept, sleep—slept, feel—felt, smell—smelt
6. 含有元音字母o / i的词，将o / i变成a。如：sing—sang, give—gave, sit—sat, drink—drank
1. 在清辅音后读作[t]。如：asked, helped, watched, stopped
2在浊辅音和元音后读作[d]。如：enjoyed, studied, moved, called
3. 在t / d后读作[id]。如：wanted, needed
(1)AAA型（动词原形、过去式、过去分词同形） cost（花费）cost cost
cut（割） cut cut
hurt 伤害）hurt hurt
read （读）read read
hang（吊死）hanged hanged hang（悬挂）hung hung hold（抓住）held held
win （赢）won won
keep （保持）kept kept
send （传送）sent sent
lose （丢失）lost lost
burn （燃烧）burnt burnt
bring（带来）brought brought fight （战斗）fought fought buy（买）bought bought think（想）thought thought hear （听见）heard heard sell（卖）sold sold tell（告诉）told told say（说）said said find（找到）found found have/has（有）had had make（制造）made made stand（站）stood stood understand明白understood understood (5) ABC型（动词原形、过去式与过去分词三者不同形） begin（开始）began begun drink（喝）drank drunk ring（铃响）rang rung sing （唱）sang sung swim（游泳）swam swum blow（吹）blew blown draw（画）drew drawn fly（飞）flew flown grow（生长）grew grown know（知道）knew known throw（投掷）threw thrown show（出示）showed shown break（打破）broke broken choose（选择）chose chosen forget（忘记）forgot forgotten (forgot) speak（说，讲）spoke spoken wake（醒）woke woke drive（驾驶）drove driven eat（吃）ate eaten fall（落下）fell fallen give（给）gave given rise（升高）rose risen take（取）took taken mistake（弄错）mistook mistaken ride（骑）rode ridden write（写）wrote written do（做）did done go（去）went gone lie（平躺）lay lain
be ( am, is, are )（是）was, were been