中考英语考点

中考英语考点

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范文一:中考英语考点

中考英语考点 1.名词

(1)可数名词及其单复数

(2)不可数名词

(3)专有名词

(4)名词所有格

2.代词

(1)人称代词

(2)物主代词

(3)反身代词

(4)指示代词

(5)不定代词

(6)疑问代词

3.数词

(1)基数词

(2)序数词

4.介词和介词短语

5.连词

6.形容词(包括比较级和最高级)

7.副词(包括比较级和最高级)

8.冠词

9.动词

(1)动词的基本形式

(2)系动词

(3)及物动词和不及物动词

(4)助动词

(5)情态动词

(6)动词的时态

① 现在进行时

② 一般现在时

③ 一般过去时

④ 一般将来时

⑤ 过去进行时

⑥ 现在完成时

⑦ 过去完成时

(7)被动语态

① 一般现在时

② 一般过去时

③ 一般将来时

(8)非谓语动词

(9)动词短语

10. 构词法

(1)前缀、后缀

(2)转化

(3)合成

11. 句子种类

(1)陈述句(肯定式和否定式)

(2)疑问句(一般疑问句、特殊疑问句、选择疑问句)

(3)祈使句

(4)感叹句

12. 简单句的基本句型

(1)主语 + 系动词 + 表语

(2)主语 + 不及物动词

(3)主语 + 及物动词 + 宾语

(4)主语 + 及物动词 + 间接宾语 + 直接宾语

(5)主语 + 及物动词 + 宾语 + 宾语补足语

(6)there be 句型

13.并列复合句

14.主从复合句

(1)宾语从句

(2)状语从句

(3)定语从句(能辨认出由that, which, who引导的限定性定语从句,并能理解句子意思。)

15.语音、词汇等其它语言知识考查

中考英语考点 1.名词

(1)可数名词及其单复数

(2)不可数名词

(3)专有名词

(4)名词所有格

2.代词

(1)人称代词

(2)物主代词

(3)反身代词

(4)指示代词

(5)不定代词

(6)疑问代词

3.数词

(1)基数词

(2)序数词

4.介词和介词短语

5.连词

6.形容词(包括比较级和最高级)

7.副词(包括比较级和最高级)

8.冠词

9.动词

(1)动词的基本形式

(2)系动词

(3)及物动词和不及物动词

(4)助动词

(5)情态动词

(6)动词的时态

① 现在进行时

② 一般现在时

③ 一般过去时

④ 一般将来时

⑤ 过去进行时

⑥ 现在完成时

⑦ 过去完成时

(7)被动语态

① 一般现在时

② 一般过去时

③ 一般将来时

(8)非谓语动词

(9)动词短语

10. 构词法

(1)前缀、后缀

(2)转化

(3)合成

11. 句子种类

(1)陈述句(肯定式和否定式)

(2)疑问句(一般疑问句、特殊疑问句、选择疑问句)

(3)祈使句

(4)感叹句

12. 简单句的基本句型

(1)主语 + 系动词 + 表语

(2)主语 + 不及物动词

(3)主语 + 及物动词 + 宾语

(4)主语 + 及物动词 + 间接宾语 + 直接宾语

(5)主语 + 及物动词 + 宾语 + 宾语补足语

(6)there be 句型

13.并列复合句

14.主从复合句

(1)宾语从句

(2)状语从句

(3)定语从句(能辨认出由that, which, who引导的限定性定语从句,并能理解句子意思。)

15.语音、词汇等其它语言知识考查

范文二:中考英语考点5连词

中考英语考点5--连词

(一) 知识概要

连词是一种在句子与句子之间,短语之间以及名词等其他词语之间起连接作用的虚词,它不能单独作句子的成份。按其意义可分为并列连词和从属连词两大类。并列连词连接的双方是对等的。常有的并列连词有and, both…and, either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also, as well as等。但如果连接的两部分意义不趋向一致,意义有转折的并列连词有:but, however, while (而),only (只不过)。还有表示选择关系的并列连词,如:or, or else, otherwise… 再有的是连接双方,互为因果,或表示前因后果的连词有:for, so, therefore (因此),then等。从属连词在初中范围内常常用来连接名词性从句,如:that, if, whether, 其次用来连接状语从句。其中有原因状语从句,常用的连接词有:when while, as, since, before, after, once, as soon as, until, till 连接条件状语的连词有:if, unless, as long as 等,而原因状语的连接词有because, since, as, now that (既然)。目的、结果、方式、比较、地点等状语从句的连接词有:so that, so…that, such…that, as…as, than, where… 它们在句子与文章中几乎无处不见。具体用法见下表。

连词用法一览表

(二) 正误辨析

[误] Both my parents are not here. They went to the concert just now.

[正] Neither of my parents is here. They went to the concert just now.

[析] 在英语中both一般用于肯定句中,如用于否定句中,其意义也不同于汉语,如:Both of us are not right. 在英语中应被理解为"我们俩不都对。"而Neither of us is right。 才能被理解为"我们俩无一正确"。

[误] He or his parents has some tickets for the film.

[正] He or his parents have some tickets for the film.

[析] 由or 连接两主语时,谓语动词应与相临近的那一个主语保持一致。

[误] You should study hard, and you won't pass the exam.

[正] You should study hard, or you won't pass the exam.

[析] or作为连词,这里的意思为"否则"。又如:Hurry up, or you'll be late for school. [误] Though he is poor, but he is ready to help others.

[正] Though he is poor, he is ready to help others.

[正] He is poor, but he is ready to help others.

[析] "虽然……但是"是中文中的常用结构,但在英文中用了"虽然"则不要用"但是",用了"但是"则不能再用"虽然",二者只可用其一。

[误] Either you or I are on duty.

[正] Either you or I am on duty.

[析] either…or 连接两个主语时,其谓语动词与相临近的一个主语相呼应,这也叫作就近原则。类似的用法还有or, neither… nor, not only…but also等。

[误] Tom is our English teacher and teaching English in our school now.

[正] Tom is our English teacher and is teaching English in our school now.

[析] 并列句中常常在后面的句子中作一些省略,以免重复,但不是所有词都可作任意的省略的。当你连接的是两个系动词时,后面的那个系动词不可省略,也就是讲连接的部分不可省略。

[误] My father likes swimming and to collect stamps.

[正] My father likes swimming and collecting stamps.

[析] 由并列连词连接的两个部分要保持相等的语法结构。如是动名词则都用动名词,如用不定式则都应用不定式,这是初学者要注意的一点。

[误] My father is reading a newspaper, I am doing my homework.

[正] My father is reading a newspaper while I am doing my homework.

[析] 两个并列句中间不可用逗号连接,要用并列连词来连接。

[误] My father asked me that if I wanted to learn how to drive.

[正] My father asked me if I wanted to learn how to drive.

[析] 宾语从句的连接词只能有一个不能重复使用。

[误] We will go both to Beijing and Shanghai.

[正] We will go to both Beijing and Shanghai.

[析] 用both…and…作连接词时,其相连接的部分结构也要相同。

[误] Not only Mary but also her brothers is going to dance.

[正] Not only Mary but also her brothers are going to dance.

[析] 由not only… but also…连接两个主语时,其重点在其后面的那一个主语,所以谓语形式应采用就近原则。

[误] The teacher as well as his students are coming.

[正] The teacher as well as his students is coming.

[析] 由as well as 连接两个主语时,谓语动词与as well as 后面的名词无关,而与前面的名词相一致。

[误] Tom does not swim nor play football.

[正] Tom does not swim or play football.

[析] nor主要用于连接句子的对等连词,如在否定句中连接某一部分时要用or, 但要注意句子的含意,如:This animal does not like a cow or a horse. 这个动物既不像牛也不像马。This animal does not like a cow but a horse. 这个动物不像牛而像马。

[误] For there is no light in the classroom. The students must have gone home.

[正] The students must have gone home, for there is no light in the classroom.

[析] 由for引出的原因状语从句在使用时要注意不能将该从句置于句 首,而应置于主句之后,并在主句与从句之间加一逗号。更要注意的是because, as, since与for 4个表示原因的连词中because是因果关系,是最强的一个,而for是最弱的一个。有些语法书中干脆把for叫做并列连词

[误] My brother will pass the English exam is no question.

[正] That my brother will pass the English exam is no question.

[析] 主语从句的引导词that是不可省略的。这一点不要和宾语从句的引导词相提并论。 [误] This map will show you how will you get to the hotel.

[正] This map will show you how you will get to the hotel.

[析] 名词性从句作宾语从句使用时,最重要的一点是要用陈述语句。特别要注意的是那些使用双宾语的动词,如:tell, ask, show…

[误] While the clock struch ten, all the lights went out.

[正] When the clock struck ten, all the lights went out.

[析] while是强调两个动作在同时进行中,如:While I am doing my homework, my father is reading a newspaper. 而这里的when是"正当某某时刻","就在这一时间点上",其重点强调在某一特定时刻某动作的发生。

[误] While I was walking along the street yesterday, I met an old friend.

[正] When I was walking along the street yesterday, I met an old friend.

[析] 这里用when表达在一个动作的进行中,另一个动作突然发生了。正在进行的动作用一进行时态,而突然发生的动作用一般时态。

[误] While I heard the bad news I felt sad.

[正] When I heard the bad news, I felt sad.

[析] while不能表达一点儿的时间,即瞬时某一时间点。

[误] After school some students play football, or others go to the library.

[正] After school some students play football, while others go to the library.

[析] while在此处意为"而,然而"。

[误] She sang when she walked along the dark street.

[正] She sang as she walked along the dark street.

[析] as用于句中时,其要点是强调两个动作的同时进行。这里用when虽然不能讲是语法上的错误,但则看不出来小女孩因独自走黑暗的街道因害怕而唱歌的心情。 [误] I finished my homework until twelve o'clock last night.

[正] I didn't finished my homework until twelve o'clock last night.

[正] I did my homework until twelve o'clock last night.

[析] until用在句中时其含义是某一动作一直持续到某时结束,那么句中的动词则一定要用持续性动词,如果要用瞬间,或截止性动词时一定要用否定句式。因截止性动作的否定式应看作是持续性的动作。如离开leave是瞬间动作,因一出门即为离开了,而不离开则是长时间的。

[误] I have studied English when I was twelve.

[正] I have studied English since I was twelve.

[析] since引出的时间状语从句是表达了一个时间点,而这个时间点是主句动作的启始点,所以主句一般要用完成时态。

[误] Because he didn't study hard, so he didn't pass the exam. 

[正] He didn't pass the exam because he didn't study hard.

[析] because 与 so在英文中两者不能并用的,只能在句中用其一。

[误] He was such excited that he could not speak.

[正] He was so excited that he could not speak.

[析] so与such的用法可以分为四种情况,①用于单数可数名词之前,其格式是such+不定冠词+形容词+单数可数名词,如:It is such a beautiful book that every child likes it. 也可以用so, 其格式是so+形容词+不定冠词+单数可数名词,如:It was so beautiful a book that every child likes it. ②在不可数名词前或可数名词复数前这时只能用such, 如:It is such good weather that we want to swim. 又如:They are such good students that they can pass the exam easily. ③在few, little, much, many 这4个字前只能用so而不能用such, 如:I have so much money that I can buy everything I want. ④当that前只有形容词或副词时,这时只能用so, 如:

She is so beautiful that every one likes her. He ran so fast that I couldn't keep up with him. [误] He got up earlier this morning so as to that he could catch the first bus.

[正] He got up earlier this morning so as to catch the first bus.

[正] He got up so earlier that he could catch the first bus.

[析] so…that与so that的用法有相同之处,那就是其后接从句,而so as to 其后要接不定式,即动词原形。这样的词组还有:in order to。

[误] I want to buy same stamp that you have.

[正] I want to buy the same stamp as you have.

[析] the same…as (that)这是个固定用法,在same前的定冠词是不能少的。而the same…that意为"我要的就是那一个"。而the same…as为"要的是和……一样的东西"。

[误] Before I do not give you the answer, I'll ask you some questions.

[正] Before I give you the answer, I'll ask you some questions.

[析] 这种错误是由于受中文的影响。在中文中可以讲"我没给你答案前"。而英文用了before就不要再用否定句了。

(三) 例题解析

1 We bought Granny a present, ___ she didn't like it.

A. but B. and

C. or D. so 

[答案] A. 

[析] 由于句意的原因,应选择转折连词。

2 Run quickly, ___ we'll miss the early train.

A. and B. but

C. so D. or 

[答案] D. 

[析] or这里应译为:否则。

3 I'll give the book to him ___ he comes back.

A. since B. as soon as

C. before D. until 

[答案] B. 

[析] as soon as 引出的时间状语从句应用一般现在时表示将来要发生的动作。

4 Don't cross the road ___ the light turns green.

A. when B. while

C. until D. as 

[答案] C. 

[析] until应译为"直到……才",因为前面的祈使句为否定句。又如:She did not go to bed until her mother came back. 应译为"直到她妈妈回来她才睡觉"。

5 Miss Gao has been a teacher ___ 1990.

A. before B. after

C. since D. in 

[答案] C. 

[析] 因为主句为完成时,所以应用 since表示该动作的启始点。

6 - Which would you like better, tea ___ milk?

- Tea, please.

A. but B. and

C. or D. with 

[答案] C. 

[析] 在疑问句与否定句中应用or来表示一种选择。

7 We love spring ___ there's beautiful flowers every where.

A. though B. but

C. or D. because 

[答案] D. 

[析] 因为这里表示的是因果关系。

8 Please leave ___ 7∶00, then you'll be able to get ___ there earlier.

A. till, in B. from, /

C. before, / D. behind, to 

[答案] C. 

[析] before为在7∶00之前离开。

9 The teacher didn't begin the lesson ___ all the students stopped talking.

A. until B. after

C. if D. because 

[答案] A. 

[析] 这句应译为"直到所有的学生都停止讲话老师才开始上课"。因begin为瞬间动词,所以应用否定句。

10 Betty didn't go to see the film yesterday ___ she was ill.

A. but B. until

C. if D. because 

[答案] D. 

[析] 这里是表示因果关系,所以应用because。因为她病了所以未去看电影。 11 You must start right now, ___ you'll miss the train.

A. for B. and

C. so D. or 

[答案] D. 

[析] or译为"否则"。本句句意为:你必须马上走了,否则要赶不上火车了。 12 ___ he is a child of six, he can read and write.

A. Whose B. If

C. Though D. Because 

[答案] C. 

[析] 这种状语从句在英语中称为让步状语从句,应译为:虽然他才是个6岁的孩子,他却可以读书和写字。

13 I like fish, ___ chicken, ___ eggs.

A. and, and B. and, with

C. /, and D. and, / 

[答案] C. 

[析] 在有若干个名词或动词出现时,每一个词之间只用逗号连接,只在最后两个词之间加and。如:The old man passed the street, went into a shop and bought some food。 14 Take this dictionary with you ___ you may use it in class.

A. when B. in order to

C. but D. so that 

[答案] D. 

[析] so that应译为"为的是"。本句句义为:带上字典,为的是在上课时可能有用。而in order

to 其后应接动词不定式,如:Take this dictionary with you in order to use it in class。 15 I hope ___ will be fine tomorrow.

A. it B. what

C. whether D. when 

[答案] A. 

[析] hope后接的是宾语从句,而且宾语从句中少主语,应用it来代替天气。 16 ___ she was not well, I decided to go without her.

A. Though B. As

C. When D. Because of 

[答案] B. 

[析] as这里应译为"由于"。全句意为:由于她不舒服,我决定不带她去了。而because of 其后不能接从句只能接宾语。如: Because of the heavy rain, we decided not to go。 17 My aunt bought me ___ many story books that I spent a lot of time them.

A. such…on B. such…in

C. too…in D so…on 

[答案] D. 

[析] 因many前只能用so来修饰,所以只能选择D选项。而spend…on something 为在某事上花费时间或钱。如:She spent a lot of money on her clothes。

18 Mother was cooking ___ she ___ a knock at the door.

A. when, listen to B. while, listened to

C. while, heard D. when, heard 

[答案] D. 

[析] when在这里应译为:就在那时,那一刻,那一瞬间。

19 Speak slowly, ___ we can understand you.

A. and B. or

C. if D. because 

[答案] A. 

[析] and这里是并列连词,应译为:请讲慢些这样我们就会明白你的意思。 20 You'll learn English well ___ you put your heart into it.

A. if B. so

C. until D. or 

[答案] A. 

[析] 本句译为:如果你将心放在学习上,你就会将英语学好。这里的语法现象是从句中用一般现在时表示将来。

21 I won't let you in ___ you show me your pass.

A. until B. for

C. since D. because 

[答案] A. 

22 She didn't go to school ___ she was ill.

A. why B. because

C. where D. but 

[答案] B. 

范文三:中考英语易考点

中考英语易考点

1. 情态动词 情态动词既可以表示许可也可以表示猜测 注意以下回答 (1) --Must I

hand in my homework today? --Yes, you must. / No, you needn’t.(千万不要说成no, you

mustn’t) (2) –Could I ask a favour„.? -- Yes, you can ( 不能说you could) 情态动词还

可以表示推测 Can, 可能用于疑问句中 may, 可能用于肯定句中。 Must,

一定 can’t 不可能 may not ( 可能不) 注意不可能千万不要说成mustn’t 它

只表示不许没有推测的意思。 另外辨析be able to 与 can 的区别 must, 与have to

的区别不必有两种表达needn’t 和don’t have to

2. 连词when, while, as, though, although, even though, even if

(1)When 除了有“当„时候”还有“这时”的意思 Eg, I was sleeping when(这时) the

telephone rang. 该意思时主句一定要使用进行时

(2)While 表示“当„时”主句与从句都要使用进行时 Eg, my father was watching TV while I

was doing homework. While 还可以表示“然而” Eg, my mother does all the housework while

my father does nothing.

(3) though, although 不可与but 连用because 不要与so 连用

3. 词义辨析 discover, find, invent present & absent

3. 宾语从句一定要使用陈述句的语序 Eg, He asked what we were going to do the next day.

He asked whether I was a teacher.

4. 回顾比较级用法 A+比较级+ than +B as+形容词/副词原级+as more and more 越来

越„ the more, the more 越„ 越„

5. 了解基本介词意思 In, at, on ( 加 具体日期)among (在„之中用于三者以上)

against ( 对抗反对), during (在„期间) for ( 为了) Eg, on a cold morning, team A plays

against team B

6. 数词 (1)Little & a little (修饰不可数名词) little, 几乎没有形式肯定实际否定

few& a few (修饰可数名词) few, 几乎没有形式肯定实际否定 (2)a number

of& the number of a number of + 复数名词+谓语复数 意为许多 eg, a number of students

are on the playground. the number of + 复数名词+ 谓语单数 意为„的数字 eg, the number

of the students in our school is 300. (3) 连字符使用 a 5-year-old girl a 5 years old girl

a 20-metre-high wall a 20 metres high wall

7. 定语从句 有些复杂自己在复习一遍

8.what 引导的从句 What you have, 你拥有的 what you have said, 你所说的话 What you

did 你所做的事

9. 形容词修饰名词副词修饰动词

10. whatever, wherever, whenever, however, 意思回顾 意思相当于 no matter what, no matter

where, no matter when, no matter how 其中 however 后要直接加 形容词或副词 Eg,However

difficult it is, I will try my best! However late he is, he will always come at last.

11. increase/ rise to 增加到 increase/rise by 增加了 reduce to 减少到 reduce

by 减少了 12. 帮某人一个忙 give sb a hand do sb a favour

13. 主句现在完成时since+ 过去时 注意过去进行时的使用过去某个时间正在做

某事 否定疑问句反意疑问句如何回答 先把它变成一般疑问句再根据事实回答。

Eg, --Didn’t you know what happened yesterday? --No, I didn’t. I was absent yesterday.

--There isn’t much time left for the exam, is there? -- No, there isn’t.

14. 被动语态注意点 

1be worth doing 主动形式表示被动

The book is worth reading. The film is worth seeing. (2) 物+ need/require + doing 主动表被动

= 物+ need/ require to be done Eg, The coat needs washing. The desk needs cleaning.

15. 方位名词前介词使用south, north, east, west, A 属于B 用 in A 与B 没有所属关系

用 to A 与B 接壤 用 on

16. stop/keep/protect/prevent sb from doing 阻止某人做某事

17. 物主代词 名词性mine, his, hers, yours,ours, theirs, its, 形容词性my, your, his, her,

our, their, its 形容词性物主代词后需加名词

18. so that& in order to So that 后加从句 In order to 后加动词原形

19. has gone to&has been to

20. 感叹句 What + a +( adj)+ n+( 代词+ is)! How +adj +( the +n+ is)! Eg, what a good girl she

is! What exciting news it is! How good the girl is! How exciting the news is!

21 冠词的使用 泛指用 a/ an 特指用 the 乐器前要加 the play the violin, play the piano,

play the erhu 球类前不加冠词 play basketball 注意European, university 前用冠词 a, 因

为开头不是元音因素 a European country a university student 区别于an unusual man ( 开

头为元音音素)

22. 不定式 to do 表目的

23. 表建议的方法 why not + do= why don’t you do you’d better ( not) do sth it’s a good

idea to do

24. 就近原则not only„but also, neither „ nor„, either„or„

There be 句型 就远原则名词+ as well as + 名词with along with together with介词 Eg, Neither he nor I am a student. Everyone except you is present today.

25. 词组make progrss make mistakes, make a mistake make an effort to do

make efforts to do

26. 疑问词辨析 How long, 多久 how far 多远 how soon = when 何时 How

often 频率提问

27. 标识字符 NO PARKING EXIT (出口) EXTRANCE (入口) NO ENTRY (禁止入

内) NO CAMERA NO SMOKING NO CAMERA

28. 区别 cost, pay, take, spen cost: 物+ cost + (sb)+money pay: 人+ pay+money + for

something 人+ pay+sb+money + for something take: it takes someboday sometime to do

something spend: 人+ spend time + (in) d

范文四:中考英语考点

中考英语考试大纲(语法)

熟练掌握

1. 可数名词复数形式的构成及用法

2. 名词所有格的用法[Lucy’s coat. Teachers’Day, the name of the street等]

3. 人称代词主格和宾格的形式及基本用法

4. 指示代词的基本用法,并理解其在上下文中的指代用法

5. 疑问代词的基本用法

6. 时间及日期的基本表达方法

7. 介词的基本用法(表示时间,日期,地点,位置,方式等)[in, on, at, of ,from, by, with,for, about, after, before等]

8. 表示时间,地点,方式,程度,原因等疑问副词的用法

9. 形容词作定语,表语,及宾语不足语的用法

10. 形容词,副词比较级和最高级的规则变化形式

11. 常见形容词,副词比较级和最高级的不规则变化形式[good/well, many/much等]

12. 形容词,副词比较级的基本句型及基本用法

1) as+ 原级+ as ;not as(so)+ 原级+as ;

2) 比较级+than.... ;

3) The +最高级+...in (of).. ;

4) Which (who)...+比较级, ...or....?

5) Which (who)...+最高级, ...or...?

13. 动词一般现在时的第三人称单数,过去式,过去分词和现在分词

14. 一般现在时,一般过去时,一般将来时,现在完成时,现在进行时,过去进行时的构成和基本用法

15. 连系动词 的用法

16. 宾语从句的构成及基本用法

掌握

1. 物质名词及其数量的表达方法[a cup of tea, two bottles of milk等]

2. 常用专有名词的一般用法[China, Jim, the Great Wall等]

3. 形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词的形式及基本用法

4. 常见不定代词的基本用法[some ,any,both, all, many, much, few, little, other, another, something, everyone, nobody 等]

5. It表示天气,时间,距离等的基本用法[it is sunday等]

6. 基数词和序数词的形式及基本用法

7. 日常交际活动中数词的常见用法[No.58, Lesson 1等]

8. 并列连词的基本用法[and ,but , or , so]

9. 常用从属连词的基本用法[when, after, before, as soon as, because, if等]

10. Little, far, ill, bad, badly等词的不规则变化形式

11. 助动词的一般用法

12. 情态动词的基本用法[can, may, must,need等]

13. 一般现在时,一般过去时,一般将来时及带有 等情态动词的被动语态的构成和基本用法

14. 动词不定式作宾语,宾语不足语,状语以及和疑问词连用构成不定式短语的基本用法

15. 五个简单句和there be句型的基本用法

1) 主语+系动词+表语

2) 主语+不及物动词

3) 主语+及物动词+宾语

4) 主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语

5) 主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语不足语

6) There be 句型

16. 陈述句,祈使句的构成及基本用法

17. 一般疑问句,特殊疑问句和选择疑问句的构成及基本用法

18. 并列句的构成急基本用法

19

. 状语从句的构成及基本用法

初步掌握

1. Much, a little 等副词修饰形容词,副词比较级的用法

2. 常用同义副词在用法上的区别[also,too,either,already,yet等]

3. 等连系动词的一般用法

4. 延续性动词和瞬间动词在用法上的区别

理解

1. 理解并能区分可数名词和不可数名词

2. 理解反身代词的基本用法

3. 理解数词的某些特殊用法 [hundreds of 等]

4. 理解冠词的基本用法

5. 过去将来时,过去完成时的构成及基本用法

6. 不定式作主语,定语和表语的基本用法

7. 反意疑问句的构成及基本用法

8. 感叹句的构成及基本用法

9. 定语从句的构成及基本用法

了解

1. 名词在句中所充当的成份

2. 集合名词(people,class,police等)和抽象名词(peace等)的概念及一般用法

3. 及物动词和不及物动词的用法

4. 句子成分

范文五:中考英语考点分析

中考考点 非谓语动词

一、动词不定式 1.动词不定式作宾语。

1)在动词want ,hope,would like,decide,wish, choose,try ,need等后常用动词不定式作宾语。 I hope ______(hear)from you soon .

2)think/find /feel /make it + adj + to do sth He found it difficult _______(get) to sleep. 3).stop to do sth / stop doing sth

stop to do sth 停下来去做某事 stop doing sth 停止正在做的事。 After working for a long time , He has to stop _______(have ) a rest . He was very tired , so he had to stop ______(work). 2.动词不定式作宾语补。

1).带to的不定式作宾补的动词有:ask / like /would like /teach /tell /want /help +sb +to do sth

Please ask him _________(come) quickly.

2).省掉to的不定式作宾补的动词有:let /make / hear /see /notice /have/watch+sb +do sth 注:省掉to的不定式的句子变被动语态时,需要还原to . He made the baby _______(stop) crying . The baby was made ______ _____ crying. 3.动词不定式作主语

1).动词不定式常可用作句子的主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。 2).常用it作形式主语,而将不定式放在句子后面。 To do sth +谓语动词+adj /n = It +谓语动词+adj / n + to do sth To get an injection is a little painful . _____ a little painful ____ ____ an injection 4.动词不定式作定语

动词不定式作定语放在被修饰词之后 名词或代词+to do(介词)

5 1

注:若构成的不定式的动词为不及物动词时,其后加上相应的介词。 I want a pen to write ______.

I want a piece of paper to write ______. 5.动词不定式与疑问词连用 疑问词+ to do sth

注:在宾语从句中,若主从句的主语一致时,宾语从句可简化为“疑问词+to do sth”. Can you tell me how I can get to the hospital ? Can you tell me _____ ____ ____ the hospital. 6.动词不定式可作状语 1).动词不定式可作目的状语

在come / go / leave 后面接动词不定式作目的状语。 He came here ______(get)his book. 2).动词不定式可作原因状语

表语形容词(sorry/sad/happy/ glad /afraid/ pleased)后与动词不定式连用作原因状语 He was glad _______(see) his wife. 3).动词不定式可作结果状语

在too…to …, not …enough to …句型中的动词不定式作结果状语。 He was too tired _______(walk) on . 7.动词不定式作表语 be + to do sth

注:动词不定式作表语可以和主语的位置互换,且常表将来。 Her wish is _______(become) a doctor . _____ _____ is her wish . 8.动词不定式的否定形式 在动词不定式的前面加not . He told me _______(not stay) here . 9.动词不定式符号的省略和保留情况。 1).动词不定式符号的省略情况

若两个或两个以上的不定式并列时,第一个不定式符号不能省略,其余的省掉to .但两者有对比关系时,to都不能省略。

Edison’s mother taught him to write and read . I haven’t decided to go home or to go to the cinema. 2)省掉不定式而保留动词不定式符号to的情况。 Will you take a walk with me ? I’m glad to . Would you like to join my birthday party ? I would love to . 二、动名词

1.动名词相当于一个名词,作主语时,谓语动词用单数。 Reading in bed ______(be) bad for your eyes.

2.有些动词或动词短语后面,只能接动名词作宾语。 三、现在分词

1.现在分词常放在see, hear ,watch ,notice 等之后作宾补。 I saw the boy____(play)in the street just now .

2.现在分词作定语常放在被修饰词之前,现在分词短语要放在被修饰词的后面,相当于一个定语从句。

A sleeping baby = a baby who is sleeping . Did you know the man talking to Mr Li?= Did you know the man who was talking to Mr Li? 3.现在分词表伴随情况

He came into the classroom ,carrying a book. 四、过去分词 1.作宾补

have /get +sth +done 表示请别人干某事 I had my TV repaired last night . 2.作定语

单一的过去分词作定语,要放在被修饰词的前面,过去分词短语作定语要放在被修饰词的后面,相当于一个定语从句。

Have you ever read any books written by Luxun?

Have you ever read any books _____ _____ written by Luxun? 3.作表语 过去分词作表语已经形容词化

5 2

My cup is broken .

七年级至九年级的非谓语动词 一.接动词不定式 ( to do/ do sth )

1.like to do sth 2.like sb to do sth 3.Let’s (not ) do sth 4.want to do sth 5.want sb to do sth 6.love to do sth 7.ask sb (not ) to do sth 8.stop to do sth 9.tell sb (not ) to do sth 10.watch sb do sth 11.It’s time (for sb) to do sth 12.help sb (to ) do sth 13.help do sth 14.make sb do sth 15.decide (not ) to do sth 16.find it +adj + to do sth 17.have to do sth 18.try (not ) to do sth 19.try one’s best to do sth

20.It’s +adj +(for)of +sb + to do sth 21.plan to do sth 22.S.p.+be a good place to do sth 23.It takes sb +some time + to do sth 24.send sb to do sth 25.invite sb to do sth 26.forget to do sth 27.live to be +时间 28.be able to do sth 29.have sth to do 30.seem to do sth 31.get sb /sth to do sth 32.疑问词+ to do sth 33.need sth to do sth 34.use sth to do sth 35.follow sb to sth 36.need to do sth 37.a good time to do sth 38.the best time to do sth 39.the best way to do sth 40.be the first / last one to do sth 41.would like to do sth 42.be excited /surprised to do sth 43.be useful to do sth 44.be allowed to do sth 45.allow sb to do sth 46.It’s better to do sth 47.It’s best to do sth

48.take care (not) to do sth 49.see sb do sth 50.why not do sth ?51.have enough time to do sth

52.too… to do sth 53.not… enough to do sth 54.encourage sb to do sth 55.choose to sth

56.wait to do sth 57.be happy/glad/pleased to do sth 58.make it +adj + to do sth 59.be careful to do sth 60.be afraid to do sth 61.It’s our duty to do sth 62.used to do sth

63.can’t afford to do sth 64.make a decision to do sth 65.have an opportunity to do sth 66.wait for sb to do sth 67.would do sth rather than do sth 68.would rather do sth than do sth

69.hurry to do sth 70.refuse to do sth 71.agree to do sth 72.pretend to do sth

73.pretend to be doing sth 74.prefer to do sth 75.prefer not to do sth 76.prefer to do sth raher than do sth 77.be willing to do sth 78.volunteer +时间/ 钱 + to do sth

79.volunteer to do sth

80.offer to do sth 81.rush to do sth 82.in order (not ) to do sth 83.be certain to do sth 84.be sure to do sth 85.make plans to do sth 86.go out of their way to do sth 87.lead sb to do sth 88.It’s one’s job to do sth 89.It’s one’s turn to do sth 90.urge sb to do sth 91.Could /Would you please (not) do sth ? 92.be supposed to do sth 93.warn sb to do sth

二、接动名词 (doing sth )

1.like doing sth 2.enjoy doing sth 3.have fun doing sth 4.be interested in doing sth 5.Thanks for doing sth 6.look at sb doing sth 7.stop sb doing sth 8.stop sb from doing sth

9.go + v-ing 10.do the (some )+v-ing 11.What/How doing sth ? 12.practice doing sth 13.watch sb doing sth 14.find sb doing sth 15.mind (one’s ) doing sth 16.can’t stand doing sth

17.think about doing sth 18.spend … (in)doing sth 19.finish doing sth 20.be busy doing sth

21.keep doing sth 22.keep sb from doing sth 23.keep sb doing sth 24.be good at doing sth

25.hate doing sth 26.There be +名词+doing sth 27.make a living by doing sth

28.have a difficult time doing sth 29.feel like doing sth 30.allow doing sth 31.see sb doing sth

32.by doing sth 33.end up doing sth 34.do a survey about doing sth 35.be afraid of doing sth

36.be used to doing sth 37.be terrified of doing sth 38.give up doing sth

39.instead of doing sth 40.have nothing against doing sth 41.be serious about doing sth 42.have a chance of doing sth 43.before/ when /while +doing sth 44.start doing sth 45.have a lot of experience doing sth 46.prefer doing sth 47.consider doing sth 48.dream of / about doing sth 49.continue doing sth 50.put off doing sth

51.be used for doing sth =be used to do sth 52.prefer doing sth to doing sth 53.without doing sth

54.be comfortable doing sth 55.can’t stop/help doing sth 56.look forward to doing sth

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57.be against doing sth 58.have trouble/problems/difficulty (in) doing sth 59.suggest doing sth

60.be busy doing sth 61.be worth doing sth

中考考点 主谓一致

一.就近原则

1. 由并列结构或连词(either…or, neither…nor,not…but, not only…but also, or等)连接的并列主语,谓语动词与较近的那个名词或代词保持一致。 Neither his parents nor Tom_____(be) at home.

2. 在倒装句和there be句型中,谓语动词与后面的第一个主语保持一致。 There _____(be) a book and some pens on the desk. There ______(come) the bus.

3. 在定语从句中,关系代词作主语,其谓语动词应与它所指代的先行词保持一致。 I know the man who_____(be) talking to my father.

4. 在强调句中,连接代词又在句中作主语,这时它应与被强调的主语保持一致。 It is Mary’s brother who_____(be) injured in the car accident yesterday. 二.意义一致原则

1. 当主语与谓语动词之间插入along with,with,as well as,together with, besides,except, but, including等短语时 ,谓语动词与第一个主语保持一致。 I along with my sister_____(be) going to Shanghai next month. 2. 由“what”引导的名词性从句作主语时,谓语动词通常用单数形式。 What I want to say _____(be) just “ Take care!”.

3. “…+ (of) +名词”作主语时,若“of”后的名词为单数(不可数名词),则谓语动词用单数,如果名词为复数,则谓语动词用复数。 Most of the water here ______(be) clean.

80% cotton ______have) been sent to America.80% Half of the apples ______(be) red.

6. 词组“a number of”作主语时,谓语动词应用复数;“the number of”作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

A number of ancient buildings _____ (be) destroyed in the war.

The number of the visitors _____ (have) decreased this year.

7. 英语的集体名词(family, public, group, team, class等词),指代“整体”时为单数;指代“其中的各成员”则为复数。

My family ____(be) very poor when I was a little girl My family ______(be) all looking forward for your coming. 三.整体原则

1. 从句、不定式、动名词等作主语时谓语动词用单数。 When to leave _____(be) not been decided.

Watching TV too much _____(be) bad for your eyes.

注:如果主语是两个(或两个以上)的名词性从句,谓语动词常用复数。 What he said and what he did _____(be) always different last night .

2. 如果两个以上的名词组成一个整体概念作主语时,谓语动词须用单数。 The novelist and poet _____(be) going to Europe next year.

3. 表示时间、距离、金额、度量等词语作主语时,通常被视作整体,谓语动词用单数。 10 minutes is enough.

4.加减乘除等数学运算谓语动词通常用单数。 2 and 3 ______5.

5.“the +姓氏名词的复数”表示“一家人、….夫妇”,作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。 The Blacks ______(enjoy) working in China.

中考考点 倒装句

1. 当句首为副词here ,there 且主语为名词时,应用完全倒装。 Here comes the bus !. There goes the bell. !

2. only 修饰时间、地点、方式等状语时,应用部分倒装。 Only in this way can we solve the problem. Only when you told me did I know her name. 注意:如果 only 修饰的不是状语,则句子不倒装。 Only Uncle Li knows how it happened.

3. 表示对前者的陈述也适用后者时,肯定倒装用“ so + 助动词/情态动词 + 后者”,前句事否定,而后面的人也不怎么样时用“ neither / nor + 助动词 / 情态动词 + sb”。

5 4

He can speak English,so can I.

If she doesn’t go there tomorrow,neither / nor will I. 注意

1)“ so + 助动词 / 情态动词 + 主语” 表示前者的主语和后者的主语的情况一样,所谈到的是两个人,意为“……也是这样”;

2)“ so + 主语 + 助动词 / 情态动词”表示前者和后者所指同一人时,说话者表示同意前者的观点,意为“的确如此”。 — Li Lei likes sports. — So he does and so do I.

4. 由 not only …… but also …… 引起的并列句,若将 not only 置于句首时,该分句应部分倒装, but also 引导的分句不倒装。

Not only did he give me some advice,but also he lent me some money. 5.“ no matter +疑问词+从句” 或 “疑问词+ever+从句” 注:从句应用陈述句语序,时态用一般现在时。 However hard the problem is,I must work it out.

中考考点 感叹句

一、结构:

What/ How +被感叹的部分+ 主语+ 谓语! What beautiful flowers they are ! 二、变法:

一断, 二加 ,三调位。

一断表示在谓语动词的后面断开,二加表示在断开的两部分中间加what 或how ,三调位表示前后两部分对调位置。 They had a good time yesterday .

一断:They had / a good time yesterday . 二加:They had(what)a good time yesterday . 三调位:What a good time they had yesterday. 三、what引导的感叹句:

1.what + a / an +adj + 单数名词 (+主语+ 谓语)! _______ a clever boy he is !

2.what + adj + 复数名词 (+主语+ 谓语)! _______ heavy boxes they are !

3.what + adj + 不可数名词(+主语+ 谓语)! _______ bad weather ! 四、how引导的感叹句: 1.How + adj / adv + 主语+ 谓语! _________ hard they are working !

2.How + adj + a / an + 单数名词(+主语+ 谓语)! How tall a boy he is !

3.How + adj / adv + the + 名词+ 谓语! ________ heavily the rain is falling!

五、what 与how引导的感叹句之间的转换: 1.What a beautiful girl she is != ______ beautiful the girl is ! 2.How delicious the food is != ______ delicious food it is ! 六、几个常见的感叹句: 1.______ great fun it is ! 2.______ important information ! 3.______ good news ! 4.______ good advice / music ! 5.______ a heavy rain ! 6.______a strong wind !

七、感叹句中常见的不可数名词:

food , work , weather , fun , music , information , news , advice , 中考考点十五:反意疑问句

一、结构:

陈述句 + 附加疑问句? It’s hot today ,isn’t it ? 二、原则:

1.前肯后否,前否后肯 2.前名后代 3.时态一致 三、变法:

一疑、二否、三连、四省、五转换(名变代)。 四、特殊的附加疑问句: 1.I’m …… , aren’t I ? I’m right , ______ ______ ? 2.Let’s 的反意疑问句为 shall we ? Let’s go to the movie together ,_____ _____ ? 3.祈使句的反意疑问句为 will you ? Don’t miss it ,_____ _____ ?

4.若陈述句部分含有never , few , little , hardly ,no ,seldom ,nobody ,nothing …否定词、半否定词时,附加疑问句用肯定形式。 He can hardly understand it , _____ ______ ?

5.陈述句的主语是this , that , these , those 时,附加疑问句的主语分别为 it , they . This is a new computer , ______ ______ ? Those aren’t banana tees , ______ _______ ?

6.当陈述句是主从复合句时, 其附加疑问句应与主句保持一致。若主句为I think / believe /suppose /imagine /expect 时,其附加疑问句应与从句保持一致。 He said that he would leave here tomorrow , _______ _______ ? I don’t think you can do these exercises alone , _______ _______ ? 五、反义疑问句的回答:

反义疑问句的回答要根据事实作答,若事实是肯定的,就用yes , +肯定形式。若事实是否定的,就用No, +否定形式。

注意:在前否后肯的句子中,yes表示“不”而No表示“是的”。 She didn’t come to school yesterday, did she ? _________, though she was not feeling well.

A.No, she didn’t B.No , she did C.Yes , she didn’t D.Yes , she did

55

范文六:中考英语考点归纳

中考英语考点归纳(二)2009-03-21 18:58

+do

出现以下词,用do填空:

can , could, may, must, need, had better,

why not, Will ( Would ) you please…?

see, hear, watch, notice, let’s, make,

For examples:

Can you swim?

Could you show me the way to the post office?

May I come in?

You must finish your homework first.

You needn't worry about that.

You had better not smoke in the office.

Will(Would) you please close the window?

Did you see/notice him go into the classroom?

I heard her cry.= She was heard to cry.

Let's go!

The boss made the workers work 12 hours a day.

The workers were made to work 12 hours a day.

中考英语考点归纳(二)+to do

出现以下词,用to do 填空:

would like, want, begin, start, hope,

decide, ask, wish, have something to do,

tell, take time, it’s time, remember,

forget, learn, teach, try, stop, plan,

adj./疑问词后, take , allow, encourage,

warn, It’s +形容词+to do something, discuss,

know, refuse, invite , like, offer,

make up one’s mind to do,

set one’s mind to do,

enough, need

中考英语考点归纳(三)+doing

出现以下词,用doing 填空:

finish, like, enjoy, mind, keep, be busy,

there be, do some…, go doing, prevent,

be worth, spend, practice, feel like,

thank somebody for doing something ,

stop, excuse somebody for doing something,

can’t help, prefer…to…, look forward to…

hate, mention, have fun doing,

介词:at, in , on, of , from, for, about,

with, without, make a contribution to,

be used to, hear, see, watch, notice, listen

考点一: V-ing形式作宾语

(一)作动词的宾语

英语中有些动词后要用V-ing形式作宾语,在初中阶段学过的常见的动词有:enjoy, finish, mind, keep(on), practise, consider, suggest, miss等。这些动词后面只能接V-ing形式作宾语,而不能接不定式作宾语。例如:

I enjoy learning about new things. 我喜欢了解新事物。

Would you mind calling back some time tomorrow? 请你明天给我回电话好吗?

I have finished writing the composition. 我已经写完了作文。

I am sorry I missed seeing you while you were in Beijing. 很遗憾在北京时我没有见到你。

They decided to keep trying. 他们决定继续试验。

【典型试题】

1.-It's too hot. Would you mind_________the door?

-_________. Please do it. (重庆)

A. to open; OK

B. opening; Certainly not

C. opening; Of course

D. to open; Good idea

2. Miss Zhang likes the students _________ books in the reading room, and she herself enjoys _________ books. (山东)

A. to read; to read B. read; reading

C. reading; reading D. to read; reading

3. Lily finished_________the book yesterday. ( 北京)

A. read B. reading C. to read D. reads

4. No matter how hard it is, we'll keep_________until we make it. (辽宁)

A. failed B. failing C. tried D. trying

5. -How can I improve my spoken English?

-You have to practise_________as much as possible. (扬州)

A. speak B. speaking C. spoken D. to speak

(二)作介词的宾语

V-ing形式作介词宾语的情况很多,常常在某些固定短语之后。例如:

She is afraid of going out alone at night. 她害怕晚上单独外出。

The children are fond of reading storybooks. 儿童喜欢看故事书。

I am proud of having a friend like you. 我为有你这样的朋友感到骄傲。

Are you interested in going to the show? 你有兴趣去看演出吗?

He succeeded in solving the problem 他终于把问题解决了。

【典型试题】

1. Lucy is interested in_________.(哈尔滨)

A. listen to music B. listening music

C. flying kites D. read books

2. -Thank you for_________the ruler from the floor for me.

-That's all right. (湖州)

A. playing for B. playing with

C. pointing to D. picking up

考点二:V-ing形式作宾语补足语

在某些感官动词如see, watch, notice, hear, feel, find等和某些使役动词如keep, leave等后可用V-ing形式作宾语补足语。例如:

I saw them forcing the door open with a hammer. 我看见他们用锤子强行把门砸开。

I heard her singing in the room when I passed by. 我经过时听见她在房间里唱歌。

I'm sorry to keep you waiting. 对不起,让你久等了。

We felt the house shaking. 我们感到房子在摇晃。

Maybe you'll find him waiting for you at the gate. 也许你会发现他在门口等你。

【典型试题】

1. The young lady watched her daughter _________ a yoyo yesterday afternoon. (重庆)

A. to play with B. playing with

C. to play D. plays

2. A policeman saw two thieves_________a girl's mobile phone on a bus and he caught them at once. (陕西)

A. to steal B. stealing C. stole D. stolen

考点三:V-ing形式的固定搭配

V-ing形式常常用于下列固定搭配中:

be busy (in) doing sth. (忙于做某事),

spend some time (in) doing sth(花费时间做某事),

stop / prevent sb. from doing sth(阻止某人做某事),

feel like doing sth.(意欲做某事),

can't help doing sth.(禁不住做某事),

have fun doing sth.(很高兴做某事),

have difficulty (in) doing sth. (做某事有困难)

例如:

She couldn't help crying when she heard the news. 她听到这个消息时忍不住哭了起来。

I don't feel like eating anything at the moment. 现在我不想吃东西。

We are busy preparing for the final exam. 我们正忙于准备期末考试。

Nobody can stop us from going there. 谁也不能阻止我们去那里。

【典型试题】

1. We must do something to stop people from_________. (陕西)

A. to throw litter about

B. to throw litter into

C. throwing litter about

D. throwing litter into

2. -What are you busy_________these days?

-Nothing much. (厦门)

A. do B. doing C. to do D. done

3. It was very late. She stopped the children from_________TV. (潍坊)

A. watches B. to watch C. watched D. watching

4. He has caught a bad cold, and he doesn't feel like_________. (2002 泰州)

A. to eat B. eating C. eats D. ate

5. Now more and more people are busy_________ about the Internet. (2002 漳州)

A. learn B. to learn C. learning D. learned

考点四:V-ing形式与不定式的区别

(一)stop, go on后接V-ing形式与不定式时的区别

在stop, go on后可接V-ing形式,也可接动词不定式,但意义差别很大。stop doing sth.表示

The doctor told him to stop smoking. 医生要他戒烟。

He stopped to smoke a cigarette. 他停下来抽烟。

He went on studying and finally received his doctor's degree. 他继续学习,最后取得了博士学位。

After reading the text, he went on to do his homework. 读完课文后,他接着做作业。

【典型试题】

1. If you don't feel well, you may just_________. (河北)

A. stopped reading B. stop reading

C. stopped to read D. stop to read

2. Stop_________so much noise!My father is sleeping. (烟台)

A. to make B. making C. to hear D. hearing

3. -Let's have a rest, shall we?

-Not now. I don't want to stop_________the letter yet. 黄冈)

A. write B. to write C. writing D. and write

4. Mr. Brown asked us to stop_________, and we stopped ______ to him at once. (2002 苏州)

A. talking; to listen B. to talk; to listen

C. talking; listening D. talk; listen

(二)V-ing形式与动词不定式作宾语补足语时的区别

在see, watch, notice, hear, feel等动词后,既可用V-ing形式作宾语补足语,也可用不定式作宾语补足语,但在用法上有区别。用V-ing作宾语补足语,表示动作正在进行,即动作处于发生的过程中,还没有结束;用不定式作宾语补足语,表示动作发生了,即动作全过程结束了。例如:

I saw the girl getting on the bus. 我看见那个女孩在上公共汽车。

I saw the girl get on the bus and left. 我看见那个女孩上了公共汽车走了。

Do you hear her singing an English song? 她在唱一首英语歌曲,你听见了吗?

I heard her sing an English song. 我听到她唱了一首英语歌曲。

【典型试题】

1. -Tom, have you seen your brother?

-Oh. I saw him_________basketball on the playground on my way home.(威海)

A. play B. plays C. playing D. played

2. When I was walking in the street, I saw a plane_________over my head.(福州)

A. flies B. flying C. flew D. to fly中考英语考点归纳(二)2009-03-21 18:58

+do

出现以下词,用do填空:

can , could, may, must, need, had better,

why not, Will ( Would ) you please…?

see, hear, watch, notice, let’s, make,

For examples:

Can you swim?

Could you show me the way to the post office?

May I come in?

You must finish your homework first.

You needn't worry about that.

You had better not smoke in the office.

Will(Would) you please close the window?

Did you see/notice him go into the classroom?

I heard her cry.= She was heard to cry.

Let's go!

The boss made the workers work 12 hours a day.

The workers were made to work 12 hours a day.

中考英语考点归纳(二)+to do

出现以下词,用to do 填空:

would like, want, begin, start, hope,

decide, ask, wish, have something to do,

tell, take time, it’s time, remember,

forget, learn, teach, try, stop, plan,

adj./疑问词后, take , allow, encourage,

warn, It’s +形容词+to do something, discuss,

know, refuse, invite , like, offer,

make up one’s mind to do,

set one’s mind to do,

enough, need

中考英语考点归纳(三)+doing

出现以下词,用doing 填空:

finish, like, enjoy, mind, keep, be busy,

there be, do some…, go doing, prevent,

be worth, spend, practice, feel like,

thank somebody for doing something ,

stop, excuse somebody for doing something,

can’t help, prefer…to…, look forward to…

hate, mention, have fun doing,

介词:at, in , on, of , from, for, about,

with, without, make a contribution to,

be used to, hear, see, watch, notice, listen

考点一: V-ing形式作宾语

(一)作动词的宾语

英语中有些动词后要用V-ing形式作宾语,在初中阶段学过的常见的动词有:enjoy, finish, mind, keep(on), practise, consider, suggest, miss等。这些动词后面只能接V-ing形式作宾语,而不能接不定式作宾语。例如:

I enjoy learning about new things. 我喜欢了解新事物。

Would you mind calling back some time tomorrow? 请你明天给我回电话好吗?

I have finished writing the composition. 我已经写完了作文。

I am sorry I missed seeing you while you were in Beijing. 很遗憾在北京时我没有见到你。

They decided to keep trying. 他们决定继续试验。

【典型试题】

1.-It's too hot. Would you mind_________the door?

-_________. Please do it. (重庆)

A. to open; OK

B. opening; Certainly not

C. opening; Of course

D. to open; Good idea

2. Miss Zhang likes the students _________ books in the reading room, and she herself enjoys _________ books. (山东)

A. to read; to read B. read; reading

C. reading; reading D. to read; reading

3. Lily finished_________the book yesterday. ( 北京)

A. read B. reading C. to read D. reads

4. No matter how hard it is, we'll keep_________until we make it. (辽宁)

A. failed B. failing C. tried D. trying

5. -How can I improve my spoken English?

-You have to practise_________as much as possible. (扬州)

A. speak B. speaking C. spoken D. to speak

(二)作介词的宾语

V-ing形式作介词宾语的情况很多,常常在某些固定短语之后。例如:

She is afraid of going out alone at night. 她害怕晚上单独外出。

The children are fond of reading storybooks. 儿童喜欢看故事书。

I am proud of having a friend like you. 我为有你这样的朋友感到骄傲。

Are you interested in going to the show? 你有兴趣去看演出吗?

He succeeded in solving the problem 他终于把问题解决了。

【典型试题】

1. Lucy is interested in_________.(哈尔滨)

A. listen to music B. listening music

C. flying kites D. read books

2. -Thank you for_________the ruler from the floor for me.

-That's all right. (湖州)

A. playing for B. playing with

C. pointing to D. picking up

考点二:V-ing形式作宾语补足语

在某些感官动词如see, watch, notice, hear, feel, find等和某些使役动词如keep, leave等后可用V-ing形式作宾语补足语。例如:

I saw them forcing the door open with a hammer. 我看见他们用锤子强行把门砸开。

I heard her singing in the room when I passed by. 我经过时听见她在房间里唱歌。

I'm sorry to keep you waiting. 对不起,让你久等了。

We felt the house shaking. 我们感到房子在摇晃。

Maybe you'll find him waiting for you at the gate. 也许你会发现他在门口等你。

【典型试题】

1. The young lady watched her daughter _________ a yoyo yesterday afternoon. (重庆)

A. to play with B. playing with

C. to play D. plays

2. A policeman saw two thieves_________a girl's mobile phone on a bus and he caught them at once. (陕西)

A. to steal B. stealing C. stole D. stolen

考点三:V-ing形式的固定搭配

V-ing形式常常用于下列固定搭配中:

be busy (in) doing sth. (忙于做某事),

spend some time (in) doing sth(花费时间做某事),

stop / prevent sb. from doing sth(阻止某人做某事),

feel like doing sth.(意欲做某事),

can't help doing sth.(禁不住做某事),

have fun doing sth.(很高兴做某事),

have difficulty (in) doing sth. (做某事有困难)

例如:

She couldn't help crying when she heard the news. 她听到这个消息时忍不住哭了起来。

I don't feel like eating anything at the moment. 现在我不想吃东西。

We are busy preparing for the final exam. 我们正忙于准备期末考试。

Nobody can stop us from going there. 谁也不能阻止我们去那里。

【典型试题】

1. We must do something to stop people from_________. (陕西)

A. to throw litter about

B. to throw litter into

C. throwing litter about

D. throwing litter into

2. -What are you busy_________these days?

-Nothing much. (厦门)

A. do B. doing C. to do D. done

3. It was very late. She stopped the children from_________TV. (潍坊)

A. watches B. to watch C. watched D. watching

4. He has caught a bad cold, and he doesn't feel like_________. (2002 泰州)

A. to eat B. eating C. eats D. ate

5. Now more and more people are busy_________ about the Internet. (2002 漳州)

A. learn B. to learn C. learning D. learned

考点四:V-ing形式与不定式的区别

(一)stop, go on后接V-ing形式与不定式时的区别

在stop, go on后可接V-ing形式,也可接动词不定式,但意义差别很大。stop doing sth.表示

The doctor told him to stop smoking. 医生要他戒烟。

He stopped to smoke a cigarette. 他停下来抽烟。

He went on studying and finally received his doctor's degree. 他继续学习,最后取得了博士学位。

After reading the text, he went on to do his homework. 读完课文后,他接着做作业。

【典型试题】

1. If you don't feel well, you may just_________. (河北)

A. stopped reading B. stop reading

C. stopped to read D. stop to read

2. Stop_________so much noise!My father is sleeping. (烟台)

A. to make B. making C. to hear D. hearing

3. -Let's have a rest, shall we?

-Not now. I don't want to stop_________the letter yet. 黄冈)

A. write B. to write C. writing D. and write

4. Mr. Brown asked us to stop_________, and we stopped ______ to him at once. (2002 苏州)

A. talking; to listen B. to talk; to listen

C. talking; listening D. talk; listen

(二)V-ing形式与动词不定式作宾语补足语时的区别

在see, watch, notice, hear, feel等动词后,既可用V-ing形式作宾语补足语,也可用不定式作宾语补足语,但在用法上有区别。用V-ing作宾语补足语,表示动作正在进行,即动作处于发生的过程中,还没有结束;用不定式作宾语补足语,表示动作发生了,即动作全过程结束了。例如:

I saw the girl getting on the bus. 我看见那个女孩在上公共汽车。

I saw the girl get on the bus and left. 我看见那个女孩上了公共汽车走了。

Do you hear her singing an English song? 她在唱一首英语歌曲,你听见了吗?

I heard her sing an English song. 我听到她唱了一首英语歌曲。

【典型试题】

1. -Tom, have you seen your brother?

-Oh. I saw him_________basketball on the playground on my way home.(威海)

A. play B. plays C. playing D. played

2. When I was walking in the street, I saw a plane_________over my head.(福州)

A. flies B. flying C. flew D. to fly

范文七:中考英语考点分析

中 考 考 点

非谓语动词

一、动词不定式

1.动词不定式作宾语。

1)在动词

want ,hope,would like,decide,wish, choose,try ,need等后常用动词不定式作宾语。

I hope ______(hear)from you soon .

2)think/find /feel /make it + adj + to do sth

He found it difficult _______(get) to sleep.

3).stop to do sth / stop doing sth

stop to do sth 停下来去做某事

stop doing sth 停止正在做的事。

After working for a long time , He has to stop _______(have ) a rest .

He was very tired , so he had to stop ______(work).

2.动词不定式作宾语补。

1).带to的不定式作宾补的动词有:ask / like /would like /teach /tell /want /help +sb +to do sth

Please ask him _________(come) quickly.

2).省掉to的不定式作宾补的动词有:let /make / hear /see /notice /have/watch+sb +do sth

注:省掉to的不定式的句子变被动语态时,需要还原to .

He made the baby _______(stop) crying .

The baby was made ______ _____ crying.

3.动词不定式作主语

1).动词不定式常可用作句子的主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

2).常用it作形式主语,而将不定式放在句子后面。

To do sth +谓语动词+adj /n = It +谓语动词+adj / n + to do sth

To get an injection is a little painful .

_____ a little painful ____ ____ an injection

4.动词不定式作定语

动词不定式作定语放在被修饰词之后

名词或代词+to do(介词)

注:若构成的不定式的动词为不及物动词时,其后加上相应的介词。

I want a pen to write ______.

I want a piece of paper to write ______.

5.动词不定式与疑问词连用

疑问词+ to do sth

注:在宾语从句中,若主从句的主语一致时,宾语从句可简化为“疑问词+to do sth”.

Can you tell me how I can get to the hospital ?

Can you tell me _____ ____ ____ the hospital.

6.动词不定式可作状语

1).动词不定式可作目的状语

在come / go / leave 后面接动词不定式作目的状语。

He came here ______(get)his book.

2).动词不定式可作原因状语

表语形容词(sorry/sad/happy/ glad /afraid/ pleased)后与动词不定式连用作原因状语

He was glad _______(see) his wife.

3).动词不定式可作结果状语

在too…to …, not …enough to …句型中的动词不定式作结果状语。

He was too tired _______(walk) on .

7.动词不定式作表语 be + to do sth

注:动词不定式作表语可以和主语的位置互换,且常表将来。

Her wish is _______(become) a doctor .

_____ _____ is her wish .

8.动词不定式的否定形式

在动词不定式的前面加not .

He told me _______(not stay) here .

9.动词不定式符号的省略和保留情况。

1).动词不定式符号的省略情况

若两个或两个以上的不定式并列时,第一个不定式符号不能省略,其余的省掉to. 但两者有对比关系时,to都不能省略。

Edison’s mother taught him to write and read .

I haven’t decided to go home or to go to the cinema.

2)省掉不定式而保留动词不定式符号to的情况。

Will you take a walk with me ? I’m glad to .

Would you like to join my birthday party ?

I would love to .

二、动名词

1.动名词相当于一个名词,作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

Reading in bed ______(be) bad for your eyes.

2.有些动词或动词短语后面,只能接动名词作宾语。

三、现在分词

1.现在分词常放在see, hear ,watch ,notice 等之后作宾补。

I saw the boy____(play)in the street just now .

2.现在分词作定语常放在被修饰词之前,现在分词短语要放在被修饰词的后面相当于一个定语从句。

A sleeping baby = a baby who is sleeping .

Did you know the man talking to Mr Li?=

Did you know the man who was talking to Mr Li?

3.现在分词表伴随情况

He came into the classroom ,carrying a book.

四、过去分词

1.作宾补 have /get +sth +done 表示请别人干某事

I had my TV repaired last night .

2.作定语 单一的过去分词作定语,要放在被修饰词的前面,过去分词短语作定语要放在被修饰词的后面,相当于一个定语从句。

Have you ever read any books written by Luxun?

Have you ever read any books _____ _____ written by Luxun?

3.作表语 过去分词作表语已经形容词化

My cup is broken .

七年级至九年级的非谓语动词

一.接动词不定式(to do/ do sth )

1.like to do sth

2.like sb to do sth

3.Let’s (not ) do sth

4.want to do sth

5.want sb to do sth

6.love to do sth

7.ask sb (not ) to do sth

8.stop to do sth

9.tell sb (not ) to do sth

10.watch sb do sth

11.It’s time (for sb) to do sth

12.help sb (to ) do sth

13.help do sth

14.make sb do sth

15.decide (not ) to do sth

16.find it +adj + to do sth

17.have to do sth

18.try (not ) to do sth

19.try one’s best to do sth

20.It’s +adj +(for)of +sb + to do sth

21.plan to do sth

22.S.p.+be a good place to do sth

23.It takes sb +some time + to do sth

24.send sb to do sth

25.invite sb to do sth

26.forget to do sth

27.live to be +时间

28.be able to do sth

29.have sth to do

30.seem to do sth

31.get sb /sth to do sth

32.疑问词+ to do sth

33.need sth to do sth

34.use sth to do sth

35.follow sb to sth

36.need to do sth

37.a good time to do sth

38.the best time to do sth

39.the best way to do sth

40.be the first / last one to do sth

41.would like to do sth

42.be excited /surprised to do sth

44.be allowed to do sth

45.allow sb to do sth

46.It’s better to do sth

47.It’s best to do sth

48.take care (not) to do sth

49.see sb do sth

50.why not do sth ?

51.have enough time to do sth

52.too… to do sth

53.not… enough to do sth

54.encourage sb to do sth

55.choose to sth

56.wait to do sth

57.be happy/glad/pleased to do sth

58.make it +adj + to do sth

59.be careful to do sth

60.be afraid to do sth

61.It’s our duty to do sth

62.used to do sth

63.can’t afford to do sth

64.make a decision to do sth

65.have an opportunity to do sth

66.wait for sb to do sth

67.would do sth rather than do sth

68.would rather do sth than do sth

69.hurry to do sth

70.refuse to do sth

71.agree to do sth

72.pretend to do sth

73.pretend to be doing sth

74.prefer to do sth

75.prefer not to do sth

76.prefer to do sth raher than do sth.

77.be willing to do sth

78.volunteer +时间/ 钱+ to do sth

79.volunteer to do sth

80.offer to do sth

81.rush to do sth

82.in order (not ) to do sth

83.be certain to do sth

84.be sure to do sth

85.make plans to do sth

86.go out of their way to do sth

88.It’s one’s job to do sth

89.It’s one’s turn to do sth

90.urge sb to do sth

91.Could /Would you please (not) do sth ?

92.be supposed to do sth

93.warn sb to do sth

二、接动名词(doing sth )

1.like doing sth

2.enjoy doing sth

3.have fun doing sth

4.be interested in doing sth

5.Thanks for doing sth

6.look at sb doing sth

7.stop sb doing sth

8.stop sb from doing sth

9.go + v-ing

10.do the (some )+v-ing

11.What/How doing sth ?

12.practice doing sth

13.watch sb doing sth

14.find sb doing sth

15.mind (one’s ) doing sth

16.can’t stand doing sth

17.think about doing sth

18.spend … (in)doing sth

19.finish doing sth

20.be busy doing sth

21.keep doing sth

22.keep sb from doing sth

23.keep sb doing sth

24.be good at doing sth

25.hate doing sth

26.There be +名词+doing sth

27.make a living by doing sth

28.have a difficult time doing sth

29.feel like doing sth

30.allow doing sth

31.see sb doing sth

32.by doing sth

33.end up doing sth

34.do a survey about doing sth

35.be afraid of doing sth

36.be used to doing sth

37.be terrified of doing sth

38.give up doing sth

39.instead of doing sth

40.have nothing against doing sth

41.be serious about doing sth

42.have a chance of doing sth

43.before/ when /while +doing sth

44.start doing sth

45.have a lot of experience doing sth

46.prefer doing sth

47.consider doing sth

48.dream of / about doing sth

49.continue doing sth

50.put off doing sth

51.be used for doing sth =be used to do sth

52.prefer doing sth to doing sth

53.without doing sth

54.be comfortable doing sth

55.can’t stop/help doing sth

56.look forward to doing sth

57.be against doing sth

58.have trouble/problems/difficulty (in) doing sth

59.suggest doing sth

60.be busy doing sth

61.be worth doing sth

中考考点 主谓一致

一.就近原则

1. 由并列结构或连词(either…or, neither…nor,not…but,not only…but also,or等)连接的并列主语,谓语动词与较近的那个名词或代词保持一致。

Neither his parents nor Tom_____(be) at home.

2. 在倒装句和there be句型中,谓语动词与后面的第一个主语保持一致。

There _____(be) a book and some pens on the desk.

There ______(come) the bus.

3. 在定语从句中,关系代词作主语,其谓语动词应与它所指代的先行词保持一致。

I know the man who_____(be) talking to my father.

4. 在强调句中,连接代词又在句中作主语,这时它应与被强调的主语保持一致。

It is Mary’s brother who_____(be) injured in the car accident yesterday.

二.意义一致原则

1. 当主语与谓语动词之间插入along with,with,as well as,together with,

Besides,except,but,including等短语时,谓语动词与第一个主语保持一致。

I along with my sister_____(be) going to Shanghai next month.

2. 由“what”引导的名词性从句作主语时,谓语动词通常用单数形式。

What I want to say _____(be) just “ Take care!”.

3. “…+ (of) +名词”作主语时,若“of”后的名词为单数(不可数名词),则谓语动词用单数,如果名词为复数,则谓语动词用复数。

Most of the water here ______(be) clean.

80% cotton ______have) been sent to America.80%

Half of the apples ______(be) red.

6. 词组“a number of”作主语时,谓语动词应用复数;“the number of”作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

A number of ancient buildings _____ (be) destroyed in the war.

The number of the visitors _____ (have) decreased this year.

7. 英语的集体名词(family, public, group, team, class等词),指代“整体”时为单数;指代“其中的各成员”则为复数。

My family ____(be) very poor when I was a little girl

My family ______(be) all looking forward for your coming.

三.整体原则

1. 从句、不定式、动名词等作主语时谓语动词用单数。

When to leave _____(be) not been decided.

Watching TV too much _____(be) bad for your eyes.

注:如果主语是两个(或两个以上)的名词性从句,谓语动词常用复数。

What he said and what he did _____(be) always different last night .

2. 如果两个以上的名词组成一个整体概念作主语时,谓语动词须用单数。

The novelist and poet _____(be) going to Europe next year.

3. 表示时间、距离、金额、度量等词语作主语时,通常被视作整体,谓语动词用单数。

10 minutes is enough.

4.加减乘除等数学运算谓语动词通常用单数。

2 and 3 ______5.

5.“the +姓氏名词的复数”表示“一家人、….夫妇”,作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。

The Blacks ______(enjoy) working in China.

中考考点 倒装句

1. 当句首为副词here ,there 且主语为名词时,应用完全倒装。Here comes the bus !.

There goes the bell. !

2. only 修饰时间、地点、方式等状语时,应用部分倒装。

Only in this way can we solve the problem.

Only when you told me did I know her name.

注意:如果 only 修饰的不是状语,则句子不倒装。 Only Uncle Li knows how it happened.

3. 表示对前者的陈述也适用后者时,肯定倒装用“ so + 助动词/情态动词 + 后者”,前句事否定,而后面的人也不怎么样时用“ neither / nor + 助动词/ 情态动词+ sb”。

He can speak English,so can I.

If she doesn’t go there tomorrow,neither / nor will I.

注意

1)“ so + 助动词/ 情态动词+ 主语”

表示前者的主语和后者的主语的情况一样,所谈到的是两个人,意为“……也是这样”;

2)“ so + 主语+ 助动词/ 情态动词”

表示前者和后者所指同一人时,说话者表示同意前者的观点,意为“的确如此”。

— Li Lei likes sports.

— So he does and so do I.

4. 由not only …… but also …… 引起的并列句,若将not only 置于句首时,该分句应部分倒装, but also 引导的分句不倒装。

Not only did he give me some advice,but also he lent me some money.

5.“ no matter +疑问词+从句” 或“疑问词+ever+从句”

注:从句应用陈述句语序,时态用一般现在时。

However hard the problem is,I must work it out.

中考考点 感叹句

一、结构:What/ How +被感叹的部分+ 主语+ 谓语!

What beautiful flowers they are !

二、变法:一断,二加,三调位。

一断表示在谓语动词的后面断开,二加表示在断开的两部分中间加what 或how 三调位表示前后两部分对调位置。

They had a good time yesterday .

一断:They had / a good time yesterday .

二加:They had(what)a good time yesterday .

三调位:What a good time they had yesterday.

三、what引导的感叹句:

1.what + a / an +adj + 单数名词(+主语+ 谓语)!_______ a clever boy he is !

2.what + adj + 复数名词(+主语+ 谓语)!_______ heavy boxes they are !

3.what + adj + 不可数名词(+主语+ 谓语)!_______ bad weather !

四、how引导的感叹句:

1.How + adj / adv + 主语+ 谓语!_________ hard they are working !

2.How + adj + a / an + 单数名词(+主语+ 谓语)!How tall a boy he is !

3.How + adj / adv + the + 名词+ 谓语!________ heavily the rain is falling!

五、what 与how引导的感叹句之间的转换:

1.What a beautiful girl she is != ______ beautiful the girl is !

2.How delicious the food is != ______ delicious food it is !

六、几个常见的感叹句:

1.______ great fun it is !

2.______ important information !

3.______ good news !

4.______ good advice / music !

5.______ a heavy rain !

6.______a strong wind !

七、感叹句中常见的不可数名词:

food , work , weather , fun , music , information , news , advice ,

中考考点:反意疑问句

一、结构: 陈述句+ 附加疑问句? It’s hot today ,isn’t it ?

二、原则:

1.前肯后否,前否后肯 2.前名后代 3.时态一致

三、变法:

一疑、二否、三连、四省、五转换(名变代)。

四、特殊的附加疑问句:

1.I’m …… , aren’t I ? I’m right , ______ ______ ?

2.Let’s 的反意疑问句为shall we ? Let’s go to the movie together ,_____ _____ ?

3.祈使句的反意疑问句为will you ?

Don’t miss it ,_____ _____ ?

4.若陈述句部分含有never , few , little , hardly ,no ,seldom ,nobody ,nothing …否定词、半否定词时,附加疑问句用肯定形式。

He can hardly understand it , _____ ______ ?

5.陈述句的主语是this , that , these , those 时,附加疑问句的主语分别为it , they .

This is a new computer , ______ ______ ?

Those aren’t banana tees , ______ _______ ?

6.当陈述句是主从复合句时,其附加疑问句应与主句保持一致。若主句为

I think / believe /suppose /imagine /expect 时,其附加疑问句应与从句保持一致。

He said that he would leave here tomorrow , _______ _______ ?

I don’t think you can do these exercises alone , _______ _______ ?

五、反义疑问句的回答:

反义疑问句的回答要根据事实作答,若事实是肯定的,就用yes , +肯定形式。若事实是否定的,就用No, +否定形式。 注意:在前否后肯的句子中,yes表示“不”而No表示“是的”。

She didn’t come to school yesterday, did she ?

_________, though she was not feeling well.

A.No, she didn’t

B.No , she did

C.Yes , she didn’t

D.Yes , she did

范文八:2014年中考英语中考考点

小组课效果检测

2014-1-25

单项选择:

1 ____does your mother watch the Talk Show?

----Once a week.

A How long B How often C How soon

2 My shirt is as _____as Jenny’s.

A cheap B more cheaper C the cheaper D cheaper

3 A number of students___in the dining hall.

----Let me count .The number of the student____about 300.

A are is B is are C are are D is is

4 The more you smile , the ___you will feel .

A happy B happier C happily D more happily

5 If there are ___people driving ,there will be _____air pollution.

----Yes,the air will be cleaner and cleaner

A less: less B less fewer C fewer fewer D fewer less

6 What’s ____name?

---____name is Jack.

A your brother;His B your brother’s;He

C your brother;He C your brother’s;His

7 Where is my pen ?.

-----Oh,sorry .I have taken ____by mistake.

A yours B mine C hers D his

8 I hear our teacher will be back ___ three weeks’ time .

A at B in C for D after

9 Where is Tom ?

----Look, he ____bascketball.

A played B playing C is playing D plays

10 Would you like ____apples ?

------Thank you .I am full

A any B some C more D many

11 The peaceful music in the CD made the students __relaxed.

A feel B fells C felt D to feel

12 It __me about 25minutes ___to school.

A costs;walking B takes;to walk C takes;walking D spends;on foot

13 How far is is it from your home to school?

---It’s about 20 ____walk.

A minute’s B minute C minutes D minutes’

14 We have to _____our school trip till next week because of the bad weather.

A put off B turn off C take off D get off

15 Sam,come downstairs ,I need your help.

----Sorry,mum. I ____on the phone.

A am talking B talked C was talking D have talked

16 He doctor told me——too much but I find it difficult.

---the doctor is right. The less you drink,____ you will be

A. don’t drink; the healthier

B. not to drink; the healthier

C. not to drink; the more healthier

D. don’t drink’; healthier

17 they kept on working.

A. Beacause;/ B. Though;/ C. Beacause; so D. Though; but

18 day of the week.

A. sever; third C. seventh; three

B. seven; the third D. the seventh; three

19 ---Do you like reading history books when you are free?

---No! I like story books I almost read them every day.

A. and C. or

B. but D. then

二、完型填空 (节选与2011年某区的一模英语试卷)

Doctors and other scientists study the human mind and now they have proved that stress can have an influence on the health of your body.

Stress is less and nobody’s life is , we would never learn anything or grow or change. We would be bored to death. But too much stress can you.

Today you have different kinds of stress. Problems like endless homework or troubles with your family are the kinds of things you can’t fight against run away from.

can you do about stress? First, you can try to find ways to change things so you aren’t under so much stress. You can plan to finish homework, go to a doctor or try to work things out with your family or friends. But sometimes you can’t a stressful situation. Sometimes you don’t even want to.

The link between your body and brain in two ways. Your body can help your mind deal with stress. If you are stress, you need to take especially good care of your body. It’s important to get enough sleep and have nutritious meals. Another thing that you can do is daily . Anyone with a continuing physical problem should check with a doctor before starting any exercise programs.

36. A. produced B. caused C. suggested D. influenced

37. A. wonderful B. sad C. perfect D. helpful

38. A. change B. life C. problem D. stress

39. A. always B. probably C. maybe D. never

40. A. hurt B. beat C. injure D. influence

41. A. or B. and C. with D. so

42. A. When B. Why C. What D. How

43. A. start B. look up C. set up D. go on

44. A. make B. change C. have D. think

45. A. meets B. rests C. sleeps D. works

46. A. in B. under C. between D. on

47. A. exercise B. work C. life D. practice

五、完形填空。(共12分,每小题1分)BCDBA ACCBD BA

三、阅读理解

A friend of mine asked me the question, “Who said life was going to be fair, or that it was even meant to be fair?” Her question was a good one. It reminded me of something I was taught as a youngster: Life isn’t fair. It’s ’s absolutely true. One of the mistakes many of us make is that we feel sorry for ourselves, or for others, thinking that life should be fair, or that someday it will be. It’s not and it won’t.

One of the nice things about surrendering (承认) to the fact that life isn’t fair is that it keeps us from feeling sorry for ourselves by encouraging us to do the very best we can with what we have. We know it’s not “life’s job” to make everything perfect, it’s our own challenge. Surrendering to this fact also keeps us from feeling sorry for others because we are reminded that everyone is dealt a different hand; everyone has his own strengths and problems in the process of growing up, facing the reality and making decisions; and everyone has those times that they feel cheated or unfairly treated.

The fact that life isn’t fair doesn’t mean we shouldn’t do everything in our power to improve our own lives or the world as a whole. Instead, it suggests that we should. When we don’t recognize or admit that life isn’t fair, we tend to feel pity for others and for ourselves. Pity is a self-defeating (自我挫败的) emotion that does nothing for anyone, except to make everyone feel worse than they already do. When we do recognize that life isn’t fair, however, we feel compassion (同情) for others and for ourselves. And compassion is a heartfelt emotion that delivers loving-kindness to everyone it touches. The next time you find yourself thinking about the unfair world, try reminding yourself of this very basic fact. You may be surprised that it can push you out of self-pity and into helpful action.

58. The word “ in the first paragraph probably means ______.

A. a chance B. a disappointment

C. a choice D. an embarrassment

59. Which statement is TRUE according to the passage?

A. We cannot just feel sorry, but take actions.

B. We may feel worse when we realize the unfairness.

C. Life will become fair someday through our great efforts.

D. Pity is a self-defeating emotion delivering loving-kindness.

60. The best title for the passage is _____.

A. Push You out of Self-pity

B. Face the Problems in Your Life

C. Encourage Yourself to Do the Best

D. Surrender to the Fact that Life isn’t Fair

四、写作部分

A helpful person in my life

范文九:中考英语名词考点点拨

一、考查可数名词的单数与复数   1.(2012年广东卷)he students of Grade hree visited Mikes farm and saw many there.   A. birdB. duck   C. sheepD. rabbit   【点拨】sheep“绵羊”,单复数同形,类似的名词还有deer(鹿),Chinese(中国人),Japanese(日本人)等。本题的句意为:三年级的学生参观了迈克的农场,在那里看见了许多绵羊。故答案选C。   2.(2011年达州卷)―ow many teachers are there in your school?   ―[CM(17] them over twohundred.   A. woman; he number of; is   B. women; he number of; is   C. woman; A number of; is   D. women; A number of; are   【点拨】man和woman作定语时,如果所修饰的名词是单数,man和woman也用单数;如果所修饰的名词是复数,则man和woman也要用复数,即men和women。the number of作“……的数量”解,谓语动词要用单数形式;a number of作“许多”解,谓语动词要用复数形式。本题的句意为“你们学校有多少女教师?”“女教师的数量是二百多。”故答案选B。   3.(2011年资阳卷)om has just finished writing a article.   A. ninehundredwords   B. ninehundredsword   C. ninehundredword   D. ninehundredswords   【点拨】数词与名词连用作定语时,名词要用单数形式;数词与名词之间一般要加连字符。本题的句意为:汤姆刚写完了一篇900字的文章。故答案选C。   二、考查不可数名词“量”的表达方法   4.(2011年清远卷)Im so hungry. Please give me to eat.   A. three bread   B. three pieces of bread   C. three pieces of breads   D. three piece of bread   【点拨】bread 意为“面包”,是不可数名词。英语中物质名词和抽象名词是不可数名词。如:paper, rice, water, milk, advice, news, information, music 等。不可数名词一般没有复数形式,前面也不能加不定冠词。如果不可数名词需要计量时,前面应加量词短语。如:a piece of paper(一张纸),a cup of tea(一杯茶),two cakes of soap(两块肥皂),three plates of chicken(三盘鸡肉)。本题的句意为:我很饿,请给我三片面包吃。故答案选B。   三、考查名词所有格的构成及用法   .(2011年泸州卷)―ow far is your family from here?   ―Its about ten walk.   A. minutesB. minute   C. minutesD. minutes   【点拨】以s结尾的复数名词的所有格只要在该词右上方加“”即可。如:the teachers club(教师俱乐部),the students dining room(学生餐厅)。本题的句意为“你家离这儿有多远?”“步行大约十分钟的路程。”故答案选C。   6.(2012年贺州卷)We know June 1st is .   A. Children DayB. Childrens Day   C. Childs DayD. Childrens Day   【点拨】不规则复数名词的所有格与单数名词一样,要在后面加“s”。children是不规则复数名词,其所有格是childrens。本题的句意为:我们知道六月一日是儿童节。故答案选D。   7.(2012年天水卷)his is computer.   A. Anns and om   B. Ann and oms   C. Ann and om   D. Anns and oms   【点拨】在几个并列名词中,用s表示所属关系时,如果被占有的东西是共有的,则s只加在最后一个名词的词尾上。如:Green and Mikes drawings (格林和迈克合作的画)。如果被占有的东西不是共有的,则各个名词末尾都得加s。如:Greens and Mikes drawings (格林的画和迈克的画)。本题的句意为:这是安和汤姆共有的电脑。故答案选B。   四、考查易混名词的区别   8.(2011年大庆卷)―Did you hear any strange when the quake happened?   ―No, I was in my garden with my flowers and was enjoying the beautiful of my birds at that time.   A. voice; noise   B. noise; sound   C. whisper; sound   D. sound; voice   【点拨】sound指人所能听到的任何声音。如:Sound travels at 1100 feet per second in air. (声音在空气中以每秒一千一百英尺的速度传播。)voice指人的说话声、歌声或笑声。有时也指鸟的声音。如:e had such a bad cold that he lost his voice. (他患了重感冒,嗓子都哑了。)noise多指令人不愉快的嘈杂声和吵闹的声音,为不可数名词。如:here were a lot of people and much noise there. (那里人很多,而且嘈杂极了。)本题的句意为“地震发生时你听见了什么奇怪的声音吗?”“没有,那时我正在花园里欣赏悦耳的鸟叫声。”故答案选D。   五、根据语境考查对名词词义的理解   9.(2012年宁波卷)―Oh, dear! here isnt enough for us in the lift.   ―No hurry. Lets wait for the next.   A. floorB. seat   C. roomD. ground   【点拨】floor“地板”;seat“座位”;room“空间”,是不可数名词;ground“地面”。本题的句意为“哎呀!电梯没有足够的空间容纳我们了!”“别急。咱们等下一个电梯。”故答案选C。   10.(2012年镇江卷)―Mr. Li was sent to teach Chinese in an American high school last year.   ―Yes, I know. e told me he would never forget his pleasant while working there.   A. experimentsB. expressions   C. experiencesD. explorations   【点拨】experiments“实验”;expressions“表达、表情”;experiences“经历”,explorations“探测、探险”。本题的句意为“去年李老师被派送到一所美国高中教汉语。”“是的,我知道。他告诉我他永远忘不了在那儿工作时那段美好的经历。”故答案选C。   自我检测   1. ―Would you like some ?   ―Oh, yes, just a little.   A. potatoesB. eggs   C. porridgeD. vegetables[J2.1mm]   2.―Could you tell me how to remember new words quickly?   ―Yes, I think a tree can help you a lot.   A. grammarB. equation   C. punctuationD. vocabulary   3.Could you please give some to the teachers?   A. advice; man   B. advices; men   C. suggestion; man   D. suggestions; men   4.Can you imagine what life will be like in time?   A. 0 yearsB. 0 years   C. 0yearsD. 0years   .A friend of my and I are going to visit next week.   A. father; Browns   B. fathers; the Browns   C. father; the Browns   D. fathers; Browns   6.Jennifer takes a lot of exercise every day and she is always full of .   A. knowledgeB. energy   C. changeD. courage   7.If by any chance Peter comes to us, please ask him to leave a .   A. letterB. sentence   C. messageD. notice   8.―Whats your favorite food?   ―I like best. I had a large bowl last night.   A. potato noodle   B. potatoes noodle   C. potato noodles   D. potatoes noodles   9.he doctor told me to eat more because its good for my health.   A. orangeB. vegetables   C. ice creamD. fish   10. mothers cant come to the meeting because they have gone to Dalian.   A. Sallys and Jane   B. Sally and Janes   C. Sallys and Janes   D. Sally and Jane   11.―Can I help you, sir?   ―Id like to have 100 . I want my students to draw pictures.   A. piece of paper   B. pieces of paper   C. pieces of papers   D. piece of papers   12.―Im afraid I will get lost in Sydney. Its my first time to be here, you see.   ―Dont worry. ere is a . It will help.   A. newspaperB. watch   C. mapD. camera   13.Our new has four bedrooms and a sitting room.   A. homeB. house   C. familyD. place   14.Ive just been to . Ive got a bad cold.   A. the doctorB. the doctors   C. the doctorsD. doctors   1.―Do you know the girl who is wearing winter ?   ―Yes, I do. She is my monitor.   A. clothesB. cloth   C. dressD. clothings   [K]参考答案   1~ CDDAB6~10 BCCDC   11~1 BCBBA

范文十:中考英语数词考点点拨

一、hundred,thousand,million等数词表示确切数目与不表示确切数目时的用法      hundred,thousand,million等数词表示确切数目时,其前必有基数词(或several等),其后不加s,并直接跟名词复数(货币单位元、角、分除外);不表示具体数目时要带s,并与介词of连用,后跟名词复数。   [中考链接](重庆市)In our city, _________middle school students want to work as a teacher in the future.   A.thousand B.thousand of C.thousands of D.two thousand of   [解析]表示“数千名中学生”,数目不确切,C为正确选项。   (山西省)We can see_________stars at night if there are no clouds in the sky.   A.thousand ofB.thousands ofC.a thousand   [解析]从语法上看,选项B、C都说得过去;但依据科普常识,能看到的星星数量不会正好是a thousand,故正确选项为B。   (芜湖市)―How many people will come to Beijing next year?    ―It’s hard to say , _________people,I think.   A.Million of B.Millions of   C.Three millionsD.Three millions of   [解析]本题最容易被看做是表示具体数目,因有three在其中。但仔细分辨一下不难看出:空格后面people是复数名词,若是表示具体数目,million不应加s,故选项C错误;选项D同样“犯忌”――millions of表不确切数目,而其前又多了个表示具体数目的基数词three。结合句中的It’s hard to say综合分析判断,此题仍表示不确切数目,因而正确选项为B。   (南京市)―How much does it cost to build the school library?   ―Four _________yuan.   A.million B.millions C.millions of D.million of   [解析]此题中有数词four,表示明确的数目,故million不应加s,也不应带of,正确选项为A。   (沈阳)During the entrance (升学)exams,there are _________parents waiting for their children outside the test center.   A.thousand of B.thousands ofC.thousandD.thousands   [解析]此题表示数量多但不具体到确切的数目,因此B为正确选项。   (广东肇庆)There are_________of students in our school but only_________of them are girls.   A.hundreds;two hundred B.hundred;two hundreds   C.hundreds;two hundreds   [解析]此题第一个空表示数量多但不具体到确切的数目,因此hundred应该加s,并与of连用,后接名词复数students;第二个空都带two,表示具体数目,hundred后面不应该加s。故A为正确选项。   (四川)_________trees have been cut down, so droughts and floods always happen.   A.One or two B.A thousand and a hundred   C.Hundreds and thousands of D.Hundred and thousand of   [解析]根据生态常识,导致旱涝灾害的原因不可能只是一至两棵树被砍伐,所以此题表示一个大而又不具体的数目。首先可把范围局限在C、D中,但选项D中hundred与thousand均未加s,其前也无具体数字,故也不对;选项C表示“成千上万的”,从意义和表达方式上都对。      二、百位数以上的表达法      注意一个关键知识点:百位数与十位数之间要用and连接起来,而十位数与个位数之间带连字符。   [中考链接](济南市)The road is over_________metres long.   A.six hundred and fifty-twoB.six hundreds and fifty-two   C.six hundred,fifty-two D.six hundred,fifty and two   [解析]根据以上知识点,正确选项为A。      三、事物编号的表达法      事物编号的表达法基本有二:一是“定冠词the+序数词+事物名”,一是“事物名+基数词”(事物名和基数词首字母都要大写)。   [中考链接](吉林)―Which class won the match in the end ?   ―I’m not quite sure.Maybe_________did.   A.Class ThirdB.Class three C.third Class D.Class Three   [解析]对照上述规则,选项D为正确答案。      四、分数的表达法      用数词表示分数时,要注意分子用基数词,分母用序数词;还要注意:当分子大于一时,分母得加s。   [中考链接](河北)This is a big class,and _________of the students are girls.   A.two third B.second three C.two thirdsD.two three   [解析]本题要表达的是分数2/3。对照英语中分数表达法,故C为正确选项。   (湖南益阳)About_________of the doctors in the hospital are women.   A.thirdB.three fifthsC.third fifthD.three fifth   [解析]本题要表达的是分数3/5。对照英语中分数表达法,故B为正确选项。