人教版电子课本语文

语文电子课本人教版

【范文精选】语文电子课本人教版

【范文大全】语文电子课本人教版

【专家解析】语文电子课本人教版

【优秀范文】语文电子课本人教版

范文一:人教版小学语文电子课本

人教版

人教版一年级语文上册电子课本

入学教育

汉语拼音

识字(一)

1 一去二三里

2 口耳目

3 在家里

4 操场上 语文园地一 有趣的游戏

课文

1 画

2 四季

3 小小竹排画中游

4 哪座房子最漂亮

5 爷爷和小树 语文园地二 我们的画

6 静夜思

7 小小的船

8 阳光

9 影子

10 比尾巴 语文园地三 这样做不好

识字(二)

1 比一比

2 自选商场

3 菜园里

4 日月明 语文园地四 我会拼图

课文

11 我多想去看看

12 雨点儿

13 平平搭积木

14 自己去吧

15 一次比一次有进步 语文园地五 该怎么办

16 小松鼠找花生

17 雪地里的小画家

18 借生日

19 雪孩子

20 小熊住山洞 语文园地六 小兔运南瓜

生字表(一)

生字表(二)

汉字笔画名称表

人教版一年级语文下册电子课本

识字1

1 柳树醒了 2 春雨得色彩 3 邓小平爷爷植树 4 古诗两首春晓 村居语文园地一

5 看电视 6 胖乎乎得小手 7 棉鞋里的阳光 8 月亮得心愿 语文园地二

识字3

9 两只鸟蛋 10 松鼠和松果 11 美丽得小路 12 失物招领 语文园地三

识字4

13 古诗两首 所见 小池 14 荷叶圆圆 15 夏夜多美 16 要下雨了 17 小壁虎借尾巴 语文园地四

识字5

18 四个太阳 19 乌鸦喝水 20 司马光 21 称象 语文园地五

识字6

22 吃水不忘挖井人 23 王二小 24 画家乡 语文园地六

识字7

26 小白兔和小灰兔 27 两只小狮子 28 小伙伴 29 手捧空花盆的孩子 语文园地七

识字8

30 棉花姑娘 31 地球爷爷的手 32 兰兰过桥 33 火车的故事 34 小蝌蚪找妈妈 语文园地八

生字表(一)

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人教版二年级语文上册电子课本

识字1

1 秋天的图画 2 黄山奇石 3 植物妈妈有办法 4 古诗两首 赠刘景文 山行 语文园地一

识字2

5 一株紫丁香 6 我选我 7 一分钟 8 难忘的一天 语文园地二

识字3

9 欢庆 10 北京 11 我们成功了 12 看雪 语文园地三

识字4

13 坐井观天 14 我要的是葫芦 15 小柳树和小枣树 16 风娃娃 17 酸的和甜的 语文园地四

识字5

18 称赞 19 蓝色的树叶 20 纸船和风筝 21 从现在开始 语文园地五

识字6

22 窗前的气球 23 假如 25 古诗两首 回乡偶书 赠汪伦 语文园地六

识字7

26 “红领巾”真好 27 清澈的湖水 28 浅水洼里的小鱼 29 父亲和鸟 语文园地七 识字8

30 我是什么 31 回声 32 太空生活趣事多 33 活化石 34 农业的变化真大 语文园地八

生字表(一)

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人教版二年级语文下册电子课本

1 找春天 2 古诗两首 草 宿新市徐公店 3 笋芽儿 4 小鹿的玫瑰花 语文园地一 单元2

5 泉水 6 雷锋叔叔,你在哪里 7 我不是最弱小的 8 卡罗尔和她的小猫 语文园地二

单元3

9 日月潭 10 葡萄沟 11 难忘的泼水节 12 北京亮起来了 语文园地三

单元4

13 动手做做看 14 邮票齿孔的故事 15 画风 16 充气雨衣 语文园地四

单元5

17 古诗两首 望庐山瀑布 绝句 18 雷雨 19 最大的“书” 20 要是你在野外迷了路 语文园地五

单元6

21 画家和牧童 22 我为你骄傲 23 三个儿子 24 玩具柜台前的孩子

单元7

25 玲玲的画 26 蜜蜂引路 27 寓言两则 揠苗助长 守株待兔 28 丑小鸭 语文园地七 单元8

29 数星星的孩子 31 恐龙的灭绝 32 阿德的梦 语文园地八

生字表(一)

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人教版三年级语文上册电子课本

单元1

1 我们的民族小学 2 金色的草地 3 爬天都峰 4* 槐乡的孩子

单元2

5 灰雀 6 小摄影师 7 奇怪的石头 8* 我不能失信 语文园地二

单元3

9 古诗两首 10 风筝 11 秋天的雨 12* 听听,秋的声音 语文园地三

单元4

13 花钟 14 蜜蜂 15 玩出了名堂 16* 找骆驼 语文园地四

单元5

17 孔子拜师 18 盘古开天地 19 赵州桥 20* 一幅名扬中外的画 语文园地五

单元6

21 古诗两首 22 富饶的西沙群岛 23 美丽的小兴安岭 24* 香港,璀璨的明珠

单元7

25 矛和盾的集合 26 科利亚的木匣 27 陶罐和铁罐 28* 狮子和鹿 语文园地七 单元8

29 掌声 30 一次成功的实验 31 给予树 32* 好汉查理 1 不懂就要问 2 做风车的故事 3 五花山 4 六个矮儿子 5 神笔马良 6 字典公公家里的争吵 7 喜爱音乐的白鲸 8 信箱

生字表(一)

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词语表

人教版三年级语文下册电子课本

单元1

1 燕子 2 古诗两首 3 荷花 4* 珍珠泉 语文园地一

单元2

5 翠鸟 6 燕子专列 7 一个小村庄的故事 8* 路旁的橡树 语文园地二

单元3

9 寓言两则 10 惊弓之鸟 11 画杨桃 12* 想别人没想到的 语文园地三

单元4

13 和时间赛跑 14 检阅 15 争吵 语文园地四

单元5

17 可贵的沉默 18 她是我的朋友 19 七颗钻石 20 妈妈的账单 语文园地五

单元6

21 太阳 22 月球之谜 23 我家跨上了“信息高速路” 24* 果园机器人 语文园地六

单元7

27 卖木雕的少年 28* 中国国际救援队,真棒! 语文园地七

单元8

29 古诗两首 30 西门豹 31 女娲补天 32* 夸父追日 语文园地八

生字表(一)

生字表(二)

词语表

人教版四年级语文上册电子课本

单元1

1 观潮 2* 雅鲁藏布大峡谷 3 鸟的天堂 语文园地一

单元2

5 古诗两首 题西林壁 游山西村 6 爬山虎的脚 7 蟋蟀的住宅 8* 世界地图引出的发现 语文园地二

单元3

9 巨人的花园 10* 幸福是什么 11 去年的树 12* 小木偶的故事 语文园地三

单元4

13 白鹅 14* 白公鹅 15 猫 16* 母鸡 语文园地四

单元5

17 长城 18 颐和园 19* 秦兵马俑 语文园地五

单元6

20 古诗两首 黄鹤楼送孟浩然之广陵 送元二使安西 22 跨越海峡的生命桥 24* 给予是快乐的 语文园地六

单元7

25 为中华之崛起而读书 26 那片绿绿的爬山虎 27* 乌塔 28* 尺有所短 寸有所长 语文园地七 单元8

29 呼风唤雨的世纪 30* 电脑住宅 31 飞向蓝天的恐龙 32* 飞船上的特殊乘客 语文园地八 选读课文

1 延安,我把你追寻 2 五彩池 3 小青石 4 麻雀 5 迷人的张家界 6 一个苹果 7 真实的高度 8

人造发光植物

生字表(一)

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人教版四年级语文下册电子课本

单元1

1 古诗词三首 2 桂林山水 3 记金华的双龙洞 4 七月的天山 词语盘点 语文园地一

单元2

5 中彩那天 6 万年牢 7 尊严 8 将心比心 词语盘点 语文园地二

单元3

9 自然之道 10 黄河是怎样变化的 11 蝙蝠和雷达 12 大自然的启示 词语盘点 语文园地三

单元4

13 夜莺的歌声 14 小英雄雨来 15 一个中国孩子的呼声 16 和我们一样享受春天 词语盘点 语文园地四

单元5

17 长城 18 颐和园 19* 秦兵马俑 语文园地五

单元6

21 乡下人家 22 牧场之国 23 古诗词三首 24 麦哨 词语盘点 语文园地六

单元7

25 两个铁球同时着地 26 全神贯注 27 鱼游到了纸上 28 父亲的菜园 词语盘点 语文园地七 单元8

29 寓言两则 30 文成公主进藏 31 普罗米修斯 32 渔夫的故事 词语盘点 语文园地八

选读课文

1 趵突泉 2 小珊迪 3 有趣的动物共栖现象 4 黄继光 5 生命的药方 6 可爱的草塘 7 到期归还 8 武夷山和阿里山的传说

生字表(一)

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人教版五年级语文上册电子课本

单元1

1 窃读记 2* 小苗与大树的对话 3 走遍天下书为侣 口语交际·习作一 回顾·拓展一

单元2

5 古诗词三首 泊洲瓜洲 秋思 长相思 6 梅花魂 7* 桂花雨 8* 小桥流水人家 口语交际·习作二 回顾·拓展二

单元3

9 鲸 10* 松鼠 11 新型玻璃 12* 假如没有灰尘 口语交际·习作三 回顾·拓展三

单元4

13 钓鱼的启示 15 落花生 16* 珍珠鸟 口语交际·习作四 回顾·拓展四

单元5

综合性学习:遨游汉字王国 有趣的文字 我爱你,汉字

单元6

17 地震中的父与子 19 “精彩极了”和“糟糕透了” 20* 学会看病 口语交际·习作六 回顾·拓展六

单元7

21 圆明园的毁灭 22 狼牙山五壮士 23* 难忘的一课 24* 最后一分钟 口语交际·习作七 回顾·拓展七

单元8

25 七律·长征 26 开国大典 27* 青山处处埋忠骨 28* 毛主席在花山 口语交际·习作八 回顾·拓展八

选读课文

1 黄果树听瀑 2 斗笠 3 太空“清洁工” 4 鞋匠的儿子 5 剥豆 6 你一定会听见的 7 木笛 8 百泉村(四章)

生字表(一)

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人教版五年级语文下册电子课本

单元1

1 草原 2* 丝绸之路 3 白杨 4* 把铁路修到拉萨去 词语盘点 口语交际·习作一 回顾·拓展一 单元2

5 古诗词三首 6 冬阳·童年·骆驼队 7* 祖父的园子 8 童年的发现 9* 儿童诗两首 词语盘点 口语交际·习作二 回顾·拓展二

单元3

10 杨氏之子 11 晏子使楚 12* 半截蜡烛 13* 打电话 词语盘点 口语交际·习作三 回顾·拓展三 单元4

14 再见了,亲人 15* 金色的鱼钩 16 桥 17* 梦想的力量 词语盘点 口语交际·习作四 回顾·拓展四

单元5

18 将相和 20* 景阳冈 21* 猴王出世 词语盘点 口语交际·习作五 回顾·拓展五

单元6

综合性学习:走进信息世界 信息传递改变着我们的生活 利用信息,写简单的研究报告

单元7

22 人物描写一组 23* 刷子李 24* 金钱的魔力 词语盘点 口语交际·习作七 回顾·拓展七

单元8

25 自己的花是让别人看的 26 威尼斯的小艇 27* 与象共舞 28* 彩色的非洲 词语盘点 口语交际·习作八 回顾·拓展八

选读课文

1 拉萨古城 2 故事两则 3 一件运动衫 4 丰碑 5 电子计算机与多媒体 6 我们家的男子汉 7 孔明智退司马懿 8 维也纳生活圆舞曲

生字表(一)

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人教版六年级语文上册电子课本

单元1

1 山中访友 2* 山 雨 3 草虫的村落 4 索溪峪的“野” 口语交际·习作一 回顾·拓展一 单元2

5 詹天佑 6 怀念母亲 7* 彩色的翅膀 8* 中华少年 口语交际·习作二 回顾·拓展二 单元3

9 穷人 10* 别饿坏了那匹马 11 唯一的听众 12* 用心灵去倾听 口语交际·习作三 回顾·拓展三

单元4

13 只有一个地球 14 大瀑布的葬礼 15 这片土地是神圣的 16* 青山不老 口语交际·习作四 回顾·拓展四

单元5

17 水年闰土 18 我的伯父鲁迅先生 19* 一 面 口语交际·习作五 回顾·拓展五

单元6

诗海拾贝 与诗同行

单元7

21 老人与海鸥 22* 跑进家来的松鼠 23 最后一头战象 24* 金色的脚印 口语交际·习作七 回顾·拓展七

单元8

25 伯牙绝弦 26 月光曲 27 蒙娜丽莎之约 28 我的舞台 口语交际·习作八 回顾·拓展八 选读课文

1 林 海 2 祖国,我终于回来了 3 小抄写员 4 鹿和狼的故事 5 军 神 6 我们的方阵 7 军犬黑子 8 看 戏

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人教版六年级语文下册电子课本

单元1

1 文言文两则 2 匆匆 3 桃花心木 4* 顶碗少年 5* 手指 词语盘点 口语交际·习作一 回顾·拓展一

单元2

6 北京的春节 7* 藏戏 8* 各具特色的民居 9* 和田的维吾尔 词语盘点 口语交际·习作二 回顾·拓展二

单元3

10 十六年前的回忆 11* 灯光 12 为人民服务 12 13* 一夜的工作 词语盘点 口语交际·习作三 回顾·拓展三

单元4

14 卖火柴的小女孩 15 凡卡 16* 鲁滨孙漂流记 17* 汤姆·索亚历险记 词语盘点 口语交际·习作四 回顾·拓展四

单元5

18 跨越百年的美丽 20 真理诞生于一百个问号之后 21* 我最好的老师 词语盘点 口语交际·习作五 回顾·拓展五

单元6

成长足迹 依依惜别 古诗词背诵 综合复习

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范文二:2016人教版一年级语文下册课文电子版

识字1

春回大地 万物复苏

柳绿花红 莺歌燕舞

冰雪融化 泉水丁冬

百花齐放 白鸟争鸣

1 柳树醒了

春雷跟柳树说话了,

说着说着,

小柳树呀,醒了。

春雨给柳树洗澡了,

洗着洗着,

小柳枝哟,软了。

春风给柳树梳头了,

梳着梳着,

小柳梢啊,绿了。

春燕跟柳树捉迷藏了,

藏着藏着,

小柳絮呀,飞了。

柳树跟孩子们玩耍了,

玩着玩着,

小朋友们,长高了……

2 春雨的色彩

春雨,像春姑娘纺出的线,轻轻地落到地上,沙沙沙,沙沙沙……

田野里,一群小鸟正在争论一个有趣的问题,春雨到底是什么颜色的?

小燕子说:“春雨是绿色的,你们瞧,春雨落到草地上,草就绿了,春雨淋在柳树上,柳枝也绿了。”

麻雀说:“不对,春雨是红色的,你们瞧,春雨洒在桃树上,桃花红了,春雨滴在杜鹃丛中,杜鹃花也红了。”

小黄莺说:“不对,不对,春雨是黄色的,你们看,春雨落在油菜地里,油菜花黄了,春雨落在蒲公英上,蒲公英花也黄了。”

春雨听了大家的争论,下的更欢了,沙沙沙,沙沙沙……

3 邓小平爷爷植树

1985年的植树节,是个令人难忘的日子。

这天,万里无云,春风拂面。在天坛公园植树的人群里,81岁高龄的邓小平爷爷格外引人注目。只见他手握铁锹,兴致勃勃地挖着树坑,额头已经布满汗珠,仍不肯休息。 一个树坑挖好了,邓爷爷挑选了一棵柏树苗,小心地移入树坑,又挥锹填了几锹土,他站到几步以外仔细看看,觉得不很直,连声说:“不行,不行!”又走上前把树苗扶正。 一棵绿油油的小柏树栽好了,就像战士一样笔直地站在那里。邓爷爷的脸上露出了满意的笑容。

今天,邓小平爷爷亲手栽种的柏树已经长大了,“小平树”成了天坛一处美丽的风景。

4古诗两首

春晓

唐▪孟浩然

春眠不觉晓,

处处闻啼鸟。

夜来风雨声,

花落知多少。

村居

情▪高鼎

草长莺飞二月天,

拂堤杨柳醉春烟。

儿童散学归来早,

忙趁东风放纸鸢。

5 看电视

每天,我们全家人都看电视,

我家看电视,真有些奇妙——

爸爸明明是个足球迷,

却把一场精彩的球赛关掉。

不知为啥换成了京剧,

咿咿呀呀的,唱个没完没了。

只有奶奶听得入了迷,

我和爸爸都在打盹睡觉。

奶奶啥时换了频道,

球员们正在球场上飞跑。

“好球,好球,快射门!”

我和爸爸乐得直叫。

奶奶不看电视只看我们,

和我们一起拍手欢笑。

妈妈从书房走了出来,

她在修改最近写的文稿。

看着妈妈一脸的疲劳

我们都提议不再看球赛,

让妈妈听听音乐,看看舞蹈。

每天,我们全家人都看电视,

我家看电视,可真有些奇妙!

每个人心里都装着一个秘密,

到底是啥?不说你也知道。

6 胖乎乎的小手

全家人都喜欢兰兰画的这张画。

爸爸刚下班回来,拿起画,看了又看,把画贴在了墙上。兰兰不明白,问:“我只是画了自己的小手啊!我有那么多画,您为什么只贴这一张呢?”

爸爸说:“这胖乎乎的小手替我拿过拖鞋呀!”

妈妈下班回来,看见画,笑着说:“这胖乎乎的小手给我洗过手绢啊!”

姥姥从厨房出来,一眼就看见了画上红润润的小手,说:“这胖乎乎的小手帮我挠过痒痒啊!”

兰兰明白了全家人为什么都喜欢这张画。她高兴地说:“等我长大了,小手变成了大手,它会帮你们做更多的事情!”

7 棉鞋里的阳光

早晨,阳光照到了阳台上,妈妈在给奶奶晒棉被。小峰问妈妈:“奶奶的棉被一点儿也没湿,干吗要晒呢?” “棉被晒过了,奶奶盖上会更暖和。”妈妈说。 “为什么呢?”小峰又问。

妈妈说:“棉被里有棉花,让阳光钻进棉花里,你说暖和不暖和?”

吃过午饭,奶奶要睡午觉,妈妈收了棉被铺到床上。奶奶脱下棉鞋,躺进被窝,说:“这被子真暖和。”她舒服地合上了眼睛。

奶奶睡着了。小峰想:奶奶的棉鞋里也有棉花……于是,他轻轻地把奶奶的棉鞋摆在阳光晒到的地方。

奶奶醒了,小峰把棉鞋放回床前。奶奶起床了,把脚伸进棉鞋里,奇怪地问:“咦,棉鞋怎么这么暖和?”

小峰笑了笑,说:“奶奶,棉鞋里有好多阳光呢!”

8 月亮的心愿

夜深了,月亮透过窗帘,看见一个小女孩睡在床上,身旁有个背包,里面装着水果和点心。

月亮自言自语地说:“明天孩子们去郊游,得去跟太阳公公商量商量,让明天有个好天气。”

月亮又来到另一家的窗前,只见一个小女孩正在照顾生病的妈妈。

妈妈说:“珍珍,早点儿睡吧,不要太累了,明天你还要去郊游呢。”

“妈妈,我不想去了。”

“明天还是和大家一起去玩玩吧!”

“可是,医生说您的病还没好呢。”

月亮悄悄地离开窗户,心里想:“我去跟雷公公说说,明天还是下雨吧!”

两天后的一个艳阳天,孩子们一个都不少,排着队,愉快地走在郊游的路上。

9 两只鸟蛋

我从树杈上取下两只鸟蛋,小小的鸟蛋凉凉的,拿在手上真好玩。

妈妈看见了,说:两只鸟蛋就是两只小鸟,鸟妈妈这会儿一定焦急不安!

我小心地捧着鸟蛋,连忙走到树边,轻轻地把鸟蛋送还。

我仿佛听见鸟儿的欢唱,抬起头来,把目光投向高远的蓝天。

10 松鼠和松果

松鼠聪明活泼,学会了摘松果吃。他高高兴兴地走进了大森林,摘了一个又一个。每个松果都那么香,那么可口。 忽然,松鼠眨眨眼睛,想起来了:如果光摘松果,不栽松树,总有一天,一棵松树也没有了!

没有了松树,没有了森林,以后到处光秃秃的,小松鼠、小小松鼠、小小小松鼠……他们吃什么呢?到哪儿去住呢? 对,松鼠有了好主意:每次摘松果,吃一个,就在土里埋下一个。

春天,几场蒙蒙细雨过后,在松鼠埋松果的地方,长出了一棵棵挺拔的小松树。

将来,这里会是一片更茂密的松树林。

11 美丽的小路

鸭先生的小屋前有一条长长的小路,路上铺着花花绿绿的鹅卵石,路旁开着五颜六色的鲜花。

兔姑娘轻轻地从小路上走过,说:“啊,多美的小路啊!” 鹿先生慢慢地从小路上走过,说:“啊,多美的小路啊!” 朋友们都喜欢在美丽的小路上散散步,说说话。可是过了不久,小路上堆积了许多垃圾,苍蝇在小路上嗡嗡地飞来飞去,美丽的小路不见了。

兔姑娘又从小路上走过,皱起了眉头,说:“呀,美丽的小路怎么不见了?”

鹿先生又从小路上走过,捂上了鼻子,说:“咦,美丽的小路哪儿去了?”

鸭先生也叫起来:“天哪!我的美丽的小路呢?”

他看着看着,忽然一拍脑袋,说:“这都怪我!我一定要把美丽的小路找回来!”

鸭先生推来一辆小车,拿来一把扫帚,认真地清扫小路上的垃圾。兔姑娘和鹿先生看见了,也赶来帮忙。他们提着洒水壶,给花儿浇浇水,给小路洗洗澡。没过多久,一条干干净净的小路又出现了。

兔姑娘说:“美丽的小路好香啊!”

鹿先生说:“美丽的小路好亮啊!”

鸭先生对朋友们说:“让美丽的小路一直和我们在一起吧!”

12 失物招领

今天,一年级一班的同学去植物园参观。

植物园很大很大,里面的花草树木很多很多。同学们围着园林工人张爷爷,听他介绍每一种花草树木,听得可专心了。

中午,同学们三个一群,五个一伙,在草地上吃自己带的午饭。

准备回家了,大家排好队,唐老师严肃地说:“同学们,

刚才张爷爷捡到一些东西,是哪些同学丢的,请到我这儿来认领。”

四十双眼睛睁得大大的,四十双小手在各自的口袋里摸着。不一会儿,四十张小嘴一齐喊:“唐老师,我没有丢东西!” “不!有不少同学丢东西了。”唐老师说完,举起一个透明的塑料袋,袋里装着饮料罐、香蕉皮、餐巾纸,还有花生壳。这些东西都是张爷爷在草地上捡起来的。看到塑料袋里的东西,有几位同学脸红了,那些东西正是他们随手丢在草地上的。他们一个个跑到唐老师面前,领回了自己的“失物”,向不远处的果皮箱走去。

唐老师望望张爷爷,张爷爷望望唐老师,发出了会心的微笑。

13.古诗两首

所见

清▪袁枚

牧童骑黄牛,

歌声振林樾。

意欲捕鸣蝉,

忽然闭口立。

小池

宋▪杨万里

泉眼无声惜细流,

树阴照水爱晴柔。

小荷才露尖尖角,

早有蜻蜓立上头。

14 荷叶圆圆

荷叶圆圆的,绿绿的。

小水珠说:“荷叶是我的摇蓝。”小水珠躺在荷叶上,眨着亮晶晶的眼睛。

小蜻蜓说:“荷叶是我的停机坪。”小蜻蜓立在荷叶上,展开透明的翅膀。

小青蛙说:“荷叶是我的歌台。”小青蛙蹲在荷叶上,呱呱地放声歌唱。

小鱼儿说:“荷叶是我的凉伞。”小鱼儿在荷叶下笑嘻嘻地游来游去,捧起一朵朵很美很美的水花。

15 夏夜多美

夏夜,公园里静悄悄的。

水池里,睡莲刚刚闭上眼睛,就被呜呜的哭声惊醒了。她睁开眼睛一看,是一只蚂蚁趴在一根水草上。睡莲问:“小蚂蚁,你怎么啦?”

小蚂蚁说:“我不小心掉进池塘,上不了岸啦!” “快上来吧!”睡莲弯弯腰,让他爬了上来。

小蚂蚁非常感激,连声说:“谢谢您,睡莲姑姑。” 睡莲说:“今晚就在这我住下吧!你瞧,夏夜多美啊!” 小蚂蚁摇摇头,说:“我得回家。要不,爸爸妈妈会着急的。”

他们的话让正在睡莲叶上休息的蜻蜓听见了。他问:“睡莲姑娘,有什么事吗?”

“小蚂蚁想回家,可我没办法送他。”

蜻蜓说:“让我来送小蚂蚁吧!”

睡莲问:“天这么黑,你能行吗?”

这时,一只萤火虫飞来了,说:“我来给你们照亮。” 小蚂蚁爬上“飞机”,蜻蜓起飞了。萤火虫在前面点起了亮晶晶的小灯笼。

蜻蜓飞呀飞,飞过青青的假山,飞过绿绿的草坪,飞到一座花坛前,小蚂蚁到家了。

星星看见了,高兴地眨着眼。

啊,多美的夏夜啊!

16 要下雨了

小白兔弯着腰在山坡上割草。天气很闷,小白兔直起身子,伸了伸腰。

小燕子从他头上飞过。小白兔大声喊:“燕子,燕子,你为什么飞得这么低呀?”

燕子边飞边说:“要下雨了。空气很潮湿,虫子的翅膀沾了小水珠,飞不高,我正忙着捉虫子呢!”

是要下雨了吗?小白兔往前边池子里一看,小鱼都游到水面上来了。

小白兔跑过去,问:“小鱼,小鱼,今天怎么有空出来呀?” 小鱼说:“要下雨了。水里闷得很,我们到水面上来透透气。小白兔,你快回家吧,小心淋着雨。”

小白兔连忙挎起篮子往家跑。他看见路边有一大群蚂蚁,就把要下雨的消息告诉了蚂蚁。一只大蚂蚁说:“是要下雨了,我们正忙着搬东西呢!”

小白兔加快步子往家跑。他一边跑一边喊:“妈妈,妈妈,要下雨了!”

轰隆隆,天空响起了一阵雷声。哗,哗,哗,大雨真的下起来了。

17 小壁虎借尾巴

小壁虎在墙角捉蚊子,一条蛇咬住了它的尾巴。小壁虎一挣,挣断尾巴逃走了。

没有尾巴多难看哪!小壁虎想,向谁去借一条尾巴呢? 小壁虎爬呀爬,爬到小河边。他看见小鱼摇着尾巴,在河里游来游去。小壁虎说:“小鱼姐姐,您把尾巴借给我行吗?”小鱼说:“不行啊,我要用尾巴拨水呢。”

小壁虎爬呀爬,爬到大树上。他看见老牛甩着尾巴,在树下吃草。小壁虎说:“牛伯伯,您把尾巴借给我行吗?”老牛说:“不行啊,我要用尾巴赶蝇子呢。”

小壁虎爬呀爬,爬到房檐下。他看见燕子摆着尾巴,在空中飞来飞去。小壁虎说:“燕子阿姨,您把尾巴借给我行吗?”

燕子说:“不行啊,我要用尾巴掌握方向呢。”

小壁虎借不到尾巴,心里很难过。他爬呀爬,爬回家里找妈妈。小壁虎把借尾巴的事告诉了妈妈。妈妈笑着说:“傻孩子,你转过身子看看。”小壁虎转身一看,高兴得叫了起来:“我长出一条新尾巴啦!”

18 四个太阳

我画了个绿绿的太阳,挂在夏天的天空。高山、田野、街道、校园,到处一片清凉。

我画了个金黄的太阳,送给秋天。果园里,果子熟了,金黄的落叶忙着邀请小伙伴,请他们尝尝水果的香甜。 我画了个红红的太阳,照亮冬天。阳光温暖着小朋友冻僵的手和脸。

春天,春天该画什么颜色呢?噢,画个彩色的。因为春天是个多彩的季节。

19 乌鸦喝水

一只乌鸦口渴了,到处找水喝。乌鸦看见一个瓶子,瓶子里有水。可是瓶子里水不多,瓶口又小,乌鸦喝不着水。怎么办呢?

乌鸦看见旁边有许多小石子。想出办法来了。

乌鸦把小石子一个一个地放进瓶子里,瓶子里的水渐渐升高,乌鸦就喝着水了。

20 司马光

古时候有个孩子,叫司马光。

有一回,他跟几个小朋友在花园里玩。花园里有假山,假山下面有一口大水缸,缸里装满了水。

有个小朋友爬到假山上去玩,一不小心,掉进了大水缸。 别的小朋友都慌了,有的吓哭了,有的叫着喊着,跑去找大人。

司马光没有慌,他举起一块石头,使劲砸那口缸,几下子就把缸砸破了。

缸里的水流出来了,掉进缸里的小朋友得救了。

21 称象

中国古时候有个大官,叫曹操。别人送给他一头大象,他很高兴,带着儿子和官员们一同去看。

大象又高又大,身子像一堵墙,腿像四根柱子。官员们一边看一边议论:象这么大,到底有多重呢?

曹操问:“谁有办法把这头大象称一称?”有的说:“得造一杆大秤,砍一棵大树做秤杆。”有的说:“有了大秤也不成啊,谁有那么大的力气提得起这杆大秤呢?”也有的说:“办法倒有一个,就是把大象宰了,割成一块一块的再称。” 曹操听了直摇头。

曹操的儿子曹冲才7岁,他站出来,说:“我有个办法。把大象赶到一艘大船上,看船身下沉了多少,就沿着水面,在船舷上画一条线。再把大象赶上岸,往船上装石头,装到

船下沉到画线的地方为止,称一称船上的石头,石头有多重,大象就有多种?”

曹操微笑着点点头。他叫人照曹冲说的办法去做,果然称出了大象的重量。

22 吃水不忘挖井人

瑞金城外有个小村子叫沙洲坝。毛主席在江西领导革命的时候,在那儿住过。

村子里没有井,吃水要到很远的地方去挑。毛主席就带领战士和乡亲们挖了一口井。

解放以后,乡亲们在井旁边了一块石碑,上面刻着:“吃水不忘挖井人,时刻想念毛主席。”

23 王二小

王二小是儿童团员。他常常一边放牛,一边帮助八路军放哨。

有一天,敌人来扫荡,走到山口迷了路。敌人看见王二小在山坡上放牛,就叫他带路。

王二小装着顺从的样子走在前面,把敌人带进了八路军的埋伏圈。

突然,四面八方响起了枪声。敌人知道上了当,就杀害了小英雄王二小。

正在这时候,八路军从山上冲下来,消灭了全部敌人。

24 画家乡

孩子们爱家乡,也爱画自己美丽的家乡。

涛涛的家乡在海边。他画的海那么蓝,那么宽。一艘艘船上装满了鱼和虾。那个在海滩上赤着脚捡贝壳的孩子,就是涛涛。

山山的家乡在山里。他画的山那么高,水那么清。房前屋后都是又高又大的树。画上的山山,提着小竹篮,正要到树林里去采蘑菇呢。

平平的家乡在平原。她画的平原那么平坦,那么宽广。有金黄的稻子,雪白的棉花,还有一大片一大片碧绿的菜地。屋前有鸡、鸭,屋后有翠竹。正在田野上奔跑的小女孩就是平平。

青青的家乡在草原。她画的草原一眼望不到边。草长得又绿又密,羊群在草原上走来走去。一匹骏马从远处奔来,青青正骑在马上赶着羊群。

京京的家乡在城市。他画的城市那么美。宽宽的街道,高高的楼房,还有一座座街心公园。那个正跑向科技馆的小男孩,就是京京。

小朋友,你的家乡也一定很美,请你画出来吧!

25 快乐的节日

小鸟在前面带路,风儿吹着我们。我们像春天一样,来到花园里,来到草地上。鲜艳的红领巾,美丽的衣裳,像朵朵花儿开放。

花儿向我们点头,小溪欢快地流淌。它们向我们祝贺,为我们歌唱。它们好像在说,这个世界上,有我们就更加美丽,有我们就充满希望。

感谢亲爱的祖国,让我们自由地成长。我们像小鸟一样,等身上的羽毛长得丰满,就勇敢地向着天空飞翔,飞向我们的理想。

唱啊,跳哇,敬爱的老师,亲爱的伙伴,我们一起度过这快乐的时光。

26 小白兔和小灰兔

老山羊在地里收白菜,小白兔和小灰兔来帮忙。

收完白菜,老山羊把一车白菜送给小灰兔。小灰兔收下了,说:“谢谢您!”

老山羊又把一车白菜送给小白兔。小白兔说:“我不要白菜,请您给我一些菜子吧。”老山羊送给小白兔一包菜子。 小白兔回到家里,把地翻松了,种上菜子。

过了几天,白菜长出来了。小白兔常常给白菜浇水,施肥,拔草,捉虫。白菜很快就长大了。

小灰兔把一车白菜拉回家里。他不干活了,饿了就吃老山羊送的白菜。

过了些日子,小灰兔把白菜吃完了,又到老山羊家里去要白菜。

这时候,他看见小白兔挑着一担白菜,给老山羊送来了。小灰兔很奇怪,问道:“小白兔,你的菜是哪儿来的?”

小白兔说:“是我自己种的。只有自己种,才有吃不完的菜。”

27 两只小狮子

狮子妈妈生下了两只小狮子。

一只小狮子整天练习滚、扑、撕、咬,非常刻苦。另一只却懒洋洋地晒太阳,什么也不干。

一棵小树问懒狮子:“你怎么不学点儿本领啊?”

懒狮子抬起头来,慢吞吞地说:“我才不去吃那苦头呢!” 小树说:“那你以后怎样生活呢?”

懒狮子说:“我爸爸和妈妈是林中的大王,凭着他们的地位,我会生活得很好!”

这话被狮子妈妈听到了,她对懒狮子说:“孩子,将来我们老了,不在了,你靠谁呢?你也应该学会生活的本领,做一只真正的狮子!”

28 小伙伴

春游那天,到了中午,小伙伴都在吃午餐,只有玛莎站在一旁。

维加问她:“你怎么不吃呀?”

玛莎说:“我把背包丢了,里面装着面包和矿泉水……” 维加一边大口地吃着面包,一边说:“真糟糕!离回到家还有好长时间呢!”

安娜说:“你把背包丢在哪儿了?真粗心!”

玛莎小声地说:“我也不知道。”说着,低下了头。 安娜又说:“你大概是丢在公共汽车上,忘记拿了。以后可要保管好自己的东西。”

这时,安东走到玛莎跟前,什么也没说,把夹着黄油的面包掰成两半,把大一点儿的放到玛莎手里,说:“赶快吃吧。”

29 手捧空花盆的孩子

很久以前,有位国王要挑选一个诚实的孩子做继承人。国王吩咐大臣给全国的每个孩子发一些花种,并宣布:谁能用这些种子培育出最美的花,谁就是他的继承人。

有个叫雄日的孩子,他十分用心地培育花种。十天过去了,一个月过去了,花盆里的种子却不见发芽。雄日又给种子施了些肥,浇了点水。他天天看啊,看啊,种子就是不发

芽。

国王规定的日子到了。许许多多的孩子捧着盛开着鲜花的花盆拥上街头。国王从孩子们的面前走过,看着一盆盆鲜花,脸上没有一丝高兴的表情。突然,国王看见了手捧空花盆的雄日。他停下来问:“你怎么捧着空花盆呢?”雄日把花种不发芽的经过告诉了国王。国王听了,高兴地拉着他的手,说:“你就是我的继承人!”

孩子们问国王:“为什么您让他做继承人呢?”国王说:“我发给你们的花种都是煮熟了的,这样的种子能培育出美丽的鲜花吗?”

30 棉花姑娘

棉花姑娘生病了,叶子有许多可恶的了蚜虫。他多么盼望有医生来给她治病啊!

燕子飞来了。棉花姑娘说:“请您帮我捉害虫吧!”燕子说:“对不起,我只会捉空中飞的的害虫,你还是请别人帮忙吧!”

啄木鸟飞来了。棉花姑娘说:“请您帮我捉害虫吧!”啄木鸟说:“对不起,我会捉树干里的害虫,你还是请别人帮忙吧!” 青蛙跳来了。棉花姑娘高兴地说:“请您帮我捉害虫吧!”青蛙摆摆手说:“对不起,我会捉田里的害虫,你还是请别人帮忙吧!”

忽然,一群圆圆的小虫飞来了,很快就把蚜虫吃光了。棉花姑娘惊奇地问:“你们是谁呀?”小虫说:“我们身上有七个斑点,就像七颗星星,大家叫我们七星瓢虫。”

不久棉花姑娘的病好了,长出了碧绿碧绿的叶子,吐出了雪白雪白的棉花。她咧开嘴笑啦!

31 地球爷爷的手

小猴和小兔是好朋友。

一天,他俩在树下玩,跳啊,唱啊,真高兴!玩了一会儿,小猴说:“小兔,我请你吃桃子吧。”

是啊,树上的桃子又大又红,一定很好吃。

小猴对正在树上的猴爸爸说:“爸爸,请您给我们摘几个桃子,好吗?”

猴爸爸还没有回答,也没有动手,只见几个桃子自己从树上掉了下来。

小兔说:“猴伯伯,谢谢您!”

猴爸爸笑着说:“别谢我,这是地球爷爷帮的忙。” 小猴觉得很奇怪:“地球爷爷怎么帮忙啊?”

小兔也说:“是呀,地球爷爷怎么帮忙呢?他又没有手。” 地球爷爷说话了:“不,我有手,而且有很大很大的力气,能让成熟的桃子掉下来,能让踢到半空的足球掉下来……我的手,就是你们看不见的地心引力。”

地球爷爷的话刚说完,几个桃子又从树上掉了下来。

32 兰兰过桥

兰兰的爷爷是桥梁工程师。有一天,他开着小汽车带兰兰去玩。在路上,他们遇见一条波浪滚滚的大河。爷爷没有停车,一直向大河里开去。兰兰吓得闭上了眼睛。

“兰兰,下车看看大桥吧!”听见爷爷的喊声,兰兰才敢睁开眼睛。她一看,原来是一座架在水里的桥,很像一幢长长的房子。

爷爷告诉她,这种桥叫潜水桥,是用特别结实的玻璃砖造的。

兰兰惊奇地站在潜水桥上,透过玻璃看见大大小小的鱼游来游去,各种各样的船只从桥顶上驶过来划过去。

兰兰看了一会儿,跟爷爷坐上汽车,来到鲜花盛开的原野上。兰兰下了车,一边采野花一边往前走,又遇到了一条小河。

兰兰说:“我想去河对岸玩,可是怎么过去呢?”

“别急,我带着桥呢!”爷爷打开皮包,取出一包塑料管子,说:“这又薄又结实的塑料管子,打进空气就成了一座轻巧的桥。”

兰兰跟着爷爷走上塑料桥。这桥又平又稳。

过了桥,爷爷打开放气孔。哧──塑料桥跑完气变软了,又自动折叠起来。爷爷把像雨衣一样大小的塑料桥放回提包里。

爷爷真是一位会变魔术的桥梁专家。

33 火车的故事

小明和爸爸去郊游。他们看到一列火车飞驰而过。

这么长的火车车厢,一节连着一节,靠什么带动呢?小明感到很奇怪。爸爸鼓励他自己弄明白。

小明查了好几本书。原来,一节一节的车厢是由机车带动的。最早的机车是蒸汽机车。后来,人们把内燃机装到火车上,制成了内燃机车。再后来,又发明了电力火车、磁悬浮火车。这样的火车速度快,污染小,真称得上是“绿色环保型”火车了。

爸爸告诉小明,我国的火车不断提速。现在从北京到上海,可以夕发朝至。

听爸爸讲,世界上海拔最高的铁路──青藏铁路已经在2006年修建完工,现在火车可以开到“世界屋脊”上了。这真是一个了不起的创举!

这天晚上,小明梦见自己成了一名火车司机,驾着新型的高速火车,在祖国的大地上飞驰。

34 小蝌蚪找妈妈

池塘里有一群小蝌蚪,大大的脑袋,黑灰色的身子,甩着长长的尾巴,快活地游来游去。

小蝌蚪游哇游,过了几天,长出两条后腿。他们看见鲤鱼妈妈在教小鲤鱼捕食,就迎上去,问:“鲤鱼阿姨,我们的妈妈在哪里?”鲤鱼妈妈说:“你们的妈妈有四条腿,宽嘴巴。你们到那边去找吧!”

小蝌蚪游哇游,过了几天,长出两条前腿。他们看见一只乌龟摆动着四条腿在水里游,连忙追上去,叫着:“妈妈,妈妈!”乌龟笑着说:“我不是你们的妈妈。你们的妈妈头顶上有两只大眼睛,披着绿衣裳。你们到那边去找吧!”

小蝌蚪游哇游,过了几天,尾巴变短了。他们游到荷花旁边,看见荷叶上蹲着一只大青蛙,披着碧绿的衣裳,露着雪白的肚皮,鼓着一对大眼睛。

小蝌蚪游过去,叫着:“妈妈,妈妈!”青蛙妈妈低头一看,笑着说:“好孩子,你们已经长成青蛙了,快跳上来吧!”他们后腿一蹬,向前一跳,蹦到了荷叶上。

不知什么时候,小青蛙的尾巴已经不见了。他们跟着妈妈,天天去捉害虫。

范文三:人教版三年级上语文电子课文1-4课

1、《我们的民族小学》课文原文

早晨,从山坡上,从坪坝里,从一条条开着绒球花和太阳花的小路上,走来了许多小学生,有傣族的,有景颇族的,有阿昌族和德昂族的,还有汉族的。大家穿戴不同、语言不同,来到学校,都成了好朋友。那鲜艳的民族服装,把学校打扮得更加绚丽多彩。同学们向在校园里欢唱的小鸟打招呼,向敬爱的老师问好,向高高飘扬的国旗敬礼。

“当,当当!当,当当!”大青树上钟声敲响了。 上课了,不同民族的小学生,在同一间教室里学习。大家一起读课文,那声音真好听!这时候,窗外十分安静,树枝不摇了,鸟儿不叫了,蝴蝶停在花朵上,好像都在听同学们读课文。最有趣的是跑来了几只猴子。这些山林里的朋友是那样好奇地听着同学们读课文。下课了,大家在大青树下跳孔雀舞、摔跤、做游戏,招引来许多小鸟,连松鼠、山狸也赶来看热闹。

这就是我们的民族小学,一所边疆的民族小学。古老的铜钟,挂在大青树粗壮的枝干上。凤尾竹的影子,在洁白的粉墙上摇晃……

1、《我们的民族小学》课文原文

早晨,从山坡上,从坪坝里,从一条条开着绒球花和太阳

花的小路上,走来了许多小学生,有傣族的,有景颇族的,有阿昌族和德昂族的,还有汉族的。大家穿戴不同、语言不同,来到学校,都成了好朋友。那鲜艳的民族服装,把学校打扮得更加绚丽多彩。同学们向在校园里欢唱的小鸟打招呼,向敬爱的老师问好,向高高飘扬的国旗敬礼。

“当,当当!当,当当!”大青树上钟声敲响了。 上课了,不同民族的小学生,在同一间教室里学习。大家一起读课文,那声音真好听!这时候,窗外十分安静,树枝不摇了,鸟儿不叫了,蝴蝶停在花朵上,好像都在听同学们读课文。最有趣的是跑来了几只猴子。这些山林里的朋友是那样好奇地听着同学们读课文。下课了,大家在大青树下跳孔雀舞、摔跤、做游戏,招引来许多小鸟,连松鼠、山狸也赶来看热闹。

这就是我们的民族小学,一所边疆的民族小学。古老的铜钟,挂在大青树粗壮的枝干上。凤尾竹的影子,在洁白的粉墙上摇晃……

2、《金色的草地》课文原文

我们住在乡下,窗前是一大片草地。草地上长满了蒲公英。当蒲公英盛开的时候,这片草地就变成金色的了。

我和弟弟常常在草地上玩耍。有一次,弟弟跑在我前面,我装着一本正经的样子,喊:“谢廖沙!”他回过头来,

我就使劲一吹,把蒲公英的绒毛吹到他脸上。弟弟也假装打呵欠,把蒲公英的绒毛朝我脸上吹。就这样,这些并不引人注目的蒲公英,给我们带来了不少快乐。

有一天,我起得很早去钓鱼,发现草地并不是金色的,而是绿色的。中午回家的时候,我看见草地是金色的。傍晚的时候,草地又变绿了。这是为什么呢?我来到草地上,仔细观察,发现蒲公英的花瓣是合拢的。原来,蒲公英的花就像我们的手掌,可以张开、合上。花朵张开时,它是金色的,草地也是金色的;花朵合拢时,金色的花瓣被包住,草地就变成绿色的了。

多么可爱的草地!多么有趣的蒲公英!从那时起,蒲公英成了我们最喜爱的一种花。它和我们一起睡觉,和我们一起起床。

3、《爬天都峰》电子课文

假日里,爸爸带我去黄山,爬山都峰。

我站在天都峰脚下抬头望:啊,峰顶这么高,在云彩上面哩!我爬得上去吗?再看看笔陡的石级,石级边上的铁链,似乎是从天上挂下来的,真叫人发颤!

忽然听到背后有人叫我:“小朋友,你也来爬天都峰?” 我回头一看,是一位白发苍苍的老爷爷,年纪比我爷爷还大哩!我不再犹豫,点点头,仰起脸,问:“老爷爷,

您也来爬天都峰?”

老爷爷也点点头:“对,咱们一起爬吧!”

我奋力向峰顶爬去,一会儿攀着铁链上,一会儿手脚并用向上爬,像小猴子一样……

爬呀爬,我和老爷爷,还有爸爸,终于都爬上了天都峰顶。

在鲫鱼背前,爸爸给我和老爷爷照了一张相,留作纪念。老爷爷拉拉我的小辫子,笑呵呵地说:“谢谢你啦,小朋友。要不是你的勇气鼓舞我,我还下不了决心哩!现在居然爬上来了!”

“不,老爷爷,我是看您也要爬天都峰,才有勇气向上爬的!我应该谢谢您!”

爸爸听了,笑着说:“你们这一老一小真有意思,都会从别人身上汲取力量!”

4、《槐乡的孩子》课文原文

槐乡的孩子,从小就和槐树结成了伴。槐乡的孩子离不开槐树,就像海边的娃娃离不开大海,山里的孩子离不开石头。 八月,槐树打了花苞,那花苞米粒般大小,散发着淡淡的清香,不仔细闻是闻不到的。小槐米藏在槐树丛中,轻轻地随风飘动。它们一点儿也不惹人注意,却是槐乡孩子的宝贝。槐米,可以入药,还能做染料。勤劳的槐乡孩子是不

向爸爸妈妈伸手要钱的,他们上学的钱是用槐米换来的。 八月,天气热。鸡热得耷拉着翅膀,狗热得吐出舌头,蝉热得不知如何是好,在树上不停地叫着“知了,知了”。槐乡的孩子可不怕热,他们背着水葫芦,带着干粮,没等云雀开口歌唱黎明,就已经爬到小山上了。男孩常常是爬到树上,用长长的钩刀一下又一下地削着槐米。一簇簇槐米落下来了。女孩有的弯腰捡着,两条鞭子像蜻蜓的翅膀,上下飞舞着;有的往篮里塞着槐米,头一点一点的,像觅食的小鸭子。当缕缕炊烟从村中升起的时候,孩子们满载而归,田野里飘荡着他们快乐的歌声。

月落柳梢,劳累一天的孩子们带着甜蜜的微笑进入梦乡。孩子们的小床下放着磨好的长钩刀、篮子。明天,只要是晴天,孩子们又将投入到火热的劳动中……

范文四:人教版三年级语文上电子课文5-8课

5、《灰雀》电子课文

有一年冬天,列宁在郊外养病。他每天到公园散步。公园里有一棵高大的白桦树,树上有三只灰雀:两只胸脯是粉红的,一只胸脯是深红的。它们在树枝间来回跳动,婉转地歌唱,非常惹人喜爱。列宁每次走到白桦树下,都要停下来,仰望这三只欢快的灰雀,还经常给它们带来面包渣和谷粒。

一天,列宁又来到公园,走到白桦树下,发现那只胸脯深红的灰雀不见了。他在周围的树林中找遍了,也没有找到。

这时,列宁看见一个小男孩,就问:“孩子,你看见过一只深红色胸脯的灰雀吗?” 男孩说:“没„„我没看见。”

列宁说:“一定是飞走了或者是冻死了。天气严寒,它怕冷。”

那个男孩本来想告诉列宁灰雀没有死,但又不敢讲。

列宁自言自语地说:“多好的灰雀呀,可惜再也飞不回来了。”

男孩看看列宁,说:“会飞回来的,一定会飞回来的。它还活着。”

列宁问:“会飞回来?”

“一定会飞回来!”男孩肯定地说。

第二天,列宁来到白桦树下,果然又看到那只灰雀欢蹦乱跳地在枝头歌唱。那个男孩站在白桦树旁,低着头。

列宁看看男孩,又看看灰雀,微笑着说:“你好!灰雀,昨天你到哪儿去了?”

当然,灰雀没有告诉列宁昨天它去哪儿了。列宁也没再问那个男孩,因为他已经知道男孩是诚实的。

6、《小摄影师》电子课文

1928年夏天,高尔基住在列宁格勒。他经常坐在窗子旁边工作。一个阳光明媚的早晨,高尔基正在读书,突然,一个小纸团从窗外飞到了桌子上。高尔基打开纸团,上面写着: 亲爱的高尔基同志:

我是一名少先队员。我想给您照张相,贴在我们的墙报上。请您让他们放我进去。我照完相,立刻就走。

高尔基从窗口向外望去,看见人行道边上坐着个十岁左右的小男孩,手里拿着一架照相机。 “是你扔的纸团吗?”高尔基问。

“是的。”小男孩站起来,鞠了个躬,“请让我进去吧!”

“来吧,我让他们放你进来。”高尔基说。

过了一会儿,小男孩站在高尔基面前了。他仔细打量着高尔基,咧开嘴笑了,然后用手指了指沙发,说:“请您坐在这儿看报纸。”

高尔基拿了张报纸,按小男孩的吩咐坐下。小男孩摆弄了很久很久,说:“一切准备停当。”高尔基侧过脸,对着他微笑。突然,小男孩往地上一坐,哭了起来。

“你怎么了?”高尔基不知出了什么事。

小男孩哭着说:“我把胶卷忘在家里了。”

高尔基赶紧站起来,小男孩已经提着照相机跑出去了。高尔基走到窗口,大声喊道:“孩子,回来!我给你胶卷,我这儿有很多胶卷。”

小男孩哭着,跳上一辆电车。电车马上开走了。

晚上,秘书告诉高尔基:“外面来了一位摄影师。”

“是个小男孩吗?”高尔基问。

“不是。是一家杂志社的记者。”

“请转告他,我很忙。不过,来的如果是个小男孩就一定让他进来。”

7、《奇怪的大石头》课文原文

李四光是我国著名的地质学家。

小时候,他喜欢和小伙伴一起玩捉迷藏的游戏。每次他都爱藏在一块大石头的后面。这块巨石孤零零地立在草地上。一听到小伙伴的脚步声,他就悄悄围着大石头躲闪。大石头把他的身影遮得严严实实的,小伙伴围着石头转来转去,也找不到他。时间长了,他对这块大石头发生了兴趣:这么大的一块石头,是从哪儿来的呢?

李四光跑去问老师,老师想了想,说:“这块石头恐怕有几百年的历史了,我小的时候它就在那儿了。

“是谁把它放在那儿的呢?”

“听说天上常常掉下来陨石,也许它就是从天上掉下来的吧!”

“这么重的大石头从天上掉下来,力量一定非常大。它应该把草地砸一个很深很深的大坑。可它为什么没卧进土里去呢?”

“这我可说不上来了。”

李四光又跑去问爸爸,爸爸也说不清楚。

这块突兀的大石头到底是怎么来的?为什么它的四周都是平整的土地,没有一块石头呢?这个问题李四光想了许多年。直到他长大以后到英国学习了地质学,才明白冰川可以推动巨大的石头旅行几百里甚至上千里。

后来,李四光回到家乡,专门考察了这块大石头。他终于弄明白了,这块大石头是从遥远的秦岭被冰川带到这里来的。经过进一步的考察,他发现在长江流域有大量第四冰川活动的遗迹。他的这一研究成果,震惊了全世界。

8、《我不能失信》课文原文

一个星期天,宋耀如一家用过早餐,准备到一位朋友家去。二女儿宋庆龄显得特别高兴。她早就盼着到这位伯伯家去了。伯伯家养的鸽子,尖尖的嘴巴,红红的眼睛,漂亮极啦!伯伯还说准备送她一只呢!

她刚走到门口,忽然想起,小珍今天上午要来找她学叠花篮。

父亲见庆龄停住了脚步,奇怪地问:“庆龄,你怎么不走啦?”

“爸爸,我昨天和小珍约好了,今天她来我们家,我教她叠花篮。”庆龄说。

“你不是一直想去伯伯家吗?改天再教小珍吧。”父亲说完,拉起庆龄的手就要走。 “不行!不行!小珍来了会扑空的,那多不好啊!”庆龄边说边把手抽回来。

“那„„回来你去小珍家解释一下,表示歉意,明天再教她学花篮,好吗?”妈妈在一旁说。

“不,妈妈。如果我忘记了这件事,明天见到她时,可以道歉;可是我并没有忘记,我不能失信啊!”

“我明白了。我们的庆龄是个守信用的孩子。”妈妈望着庆龄笑了笑,说:“那你就留下来吧!”

庆龄点点头,甜甜地笑了。

范文五:人教版英语必修一课文电子版

Unit 1 Cultural relics

In search of the amber room

Frederick William I, the king of Prussia, could never have imagined that this greatest gift to the Russia people would have such an amazing history. This gift was the Amber Room, which was given this name because several tons of amber were used to make it. The amber which was selected had a beautiful yellow-brown colour like honey. The design of the room was in the fancy style popular in those days. It was also a treasure decorated with gold and jewels, which took the country’s best artists about ten years to make.

In fact, the room was not made to be a gift. It was designed for the palace of Frederick I. However, the next king of Prussia, Frederick William I, to whom the amber belonged, decided not to keep it. In 1716 he gave it to Peter the Great. In return, the Czar sent him a troop of his best soldiers. So the Amber Room became part of the Czar’s winter palace in St Petersburg. About four meters long, the room served as a small reception hall for important visitors.

Later, Catherine II had the Amber Room moved to a palace outside St Petersburg where she spent her summers. She told her artists to add more details to it. In 1770 the room was completed the way she wanted. Almost six hundred candles lit the room, and its mirrors and pictures shone like gold. Sadly, although the Amber Room was considered one of the wonders of the world, it is now missing.

In September 1941, the Nazi army was near St Petersburg. This was a time when the two countries were at war. Before the Nazi cold get to the summer palace, the Russians were able to remove some furniture and small art objects from the Amber Room. However, some of the Nazi secretly stole the room itself. In less than two days 100,000 pieces were put inside twenty-seven wooden boxes. There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on a train for Konigsberg, which was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea. After that, what happened to the Amber Room remains a mystery.

Recently, the Russians and Germans have built a new Amber Room at the summer palace. By studying old photos of the former Amber Room, they have made the new one look like the old one. In 2003 it was ready for the people of St Petersburg when they celebrated the 300th birthday of their city.

Fact or an opinion?

What is a fact? Is it something that people believe? No. A fact is anything that can be proved. For example, it can be proved that China has more people than any other country in the world. This is a fact.

Then, what is an opinion? An opinion is what someone believe is true but has not been proved. So an opinion is not good evidence in a trial. For example, it is an opinion if you say “Cats are better pets than dogs”. It may be true, but it is difficult to prove. Some people may not agree with this opinion but they also cannot prove that they are right.

In a trail, a judge must decide which eyewitness to believe and which not to believe. The judge does not consider each eyewitness looks like or where that person lives or works. He/She only cares about whether the eyewitness has given the true information, which must be facts rather than opinions. This kind of information is called evidence.

Unit 2 The Olympic Games

An interview

Pausanias, who was a Greek writer about 2000 years ago, has come on a magical journey on March 18th, 2007 to find out about the present-day Olympic Games. He is now

interviewing Li Yan, a volunteer for the 2008 Olympic Games.

P: My name is Pausanias. I lived in what you call “Ancient Greece” and I used to write about the Olympic Games a long time ago. I’ve come to your time to find out about the present-day Olympic Games because I know that in 2004 they were held in my hometown. May I ask you some questions about the modern Olympics?

L: Good heavens! Have you really come from so long ago? But of course you can ask any questions you like. What would you like to know?

P: How often do you hold your Games?

L: Every four years. There are two main sets of Games- the Winter and the Summer Olympics, and both are held every four years on a regular basis. The Winter Olympics are usually held two years before the Summer Games. Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will be admitted as competitors. They may come from anywhere in the world. P: Winter Games? How can the runners enjoy competing in winter? And what about the horses?

L: Oh, no! There are no running races or horse riding events. Instead there are competitions like skiing and ice skating which need snow and ice. That’s why they are called the Winter Olympics. It is in the Summer Olympics that you have the running races, together with swimming, sailing and all the team sports.

P: I see. Earlier you said that the athletes are invited from all over the world. Do you mean the Greek world? Our Greek cities used to compete against each other just for the honour of winning. No other countries could join in, nor could salves or women!

L: Nowadays any countries can take part if their athletes are good enough. There are over 250 sports and each one has its own standard. Women are not only allowed, but play a very important role in gymnastics, athletics, team sports and…

P: Please wait a minute! All those events, all those countries and even women taking part! Where are all the athletes housed?

L: For each Olympics, a special village is built for them to live in, a main reception building, several stadiums for competitions, and a gymnasium as well.

P: That sounds very expensive. Does anyone want to host the Olympic Games?

L: As a matter of fact, every country wants the opportunity. It’s a great responsibility but also a great honour to be chosen. There’s as much competition among countries to host the

Olympics as to win Olympic medals. The 2008 Olympics will be held in Beijing, China. Did you know that?

P: Oh yes! You must be very proud.

L: Certainly. And after that the 2012 Olympics will be held in London. They have already started planning for it. A new village for the athletes and all the stadiums will be built to the east of London. New medals will be designed of course and…

P: Did you say medals? So even the olive wreath has been replaced! Oh dear! Do you compete for prize money too?

L: No, we don’t. It’s still all about being able to run faster, jump higher and throw further. That’s the motto of the Olympics, you know-“Swifter, Higher and Stronger.”

P: Well, that’s good news. How interesting! Thank you so much for your time.

The story of Atlanta

Atlanta was a Greek princess. She was very beautiful and could run faster than any man in Greece. But she was not allowed to run and win glory for herself in the Olympic Games. She was so angry that she said to her father that she would not marry anyone who could not run faster than her. Her father said that she must marry, so Atlanta mad a bargain with him. She said to him, “These are my rules. When a man says he wants to marry me, I will run against him. If he cannot run as fast as me, he will be killed. No one will be pardoned.”

Many kings and princes wanted to marry Atlanta, but when they heard of her rules they knew it was hopeless. So many of them sadly went home, but others stayed to run the race. There was a man called Hippomenes who amazed when he heard of Atlanta’s rules, “Why are these men so foolish?” he thought. “Why will they let themselves be killed because they

cannot run as fast as this princess?” However, when he saw Atlanta come out of her house to run, Hippomenes changed his mind. “I will marry Atlanta—or die!” he said.

The race started and although the men ran very fast, Atlanta ran faster. As Hippomenes watched he thought, “How can I run as fast as Atlanta?” He went to ask the Greek Goddess of Love for help. She promised to help him and gave him three golden apples. She said, “Throw an apple in front of Atlanta when she is running past. When she stops to pick it up, you will be able to run past her and win.” Hippomenes took the apples and went to the King. He said, “I want to marry Atlanta.” The King was sad to see another man die, but Hippomenes said, “I will marry her—or die!” So the race began.

Unit 3 Computers

Who am I

Over time I have been changed quite a lot. I began as a calculating machine in France in 1642. Although I was young I could simplify difficult sums. I developed very slowly and it took nearly two hundred years before I was built as an analytical machine by Charles

Babbage. After I was programmed by an operator who used cards with holes, I could “think” logically and produce an answer quicker than any person. At that time it was considered a technological revolution and the start of my “artificial intelligence”. In 1936 my real father, Alan Turing, wrote a book about how I could be made to work as a “universal machine” to solve any difficult mathematical problem. From then on, I grew rapidly both in size and in brainpower. By the 1940s I had grown as large as a room, and I wondered if I would grow any larger. However, this reality also worried my designers. As time went by, I was made smaller. First as a PC(personal computer) and then as a laptop, I have been used in offices and homes since the 1970s.

These changes only became possible as my memory improved. First it was stored in tubes, then on transistors and later on very small chips. As a result I totally changed my shape. As I have grown older I have also grown smaller. Over time my memory has developed so much that, like an elephant, I never forget anything I have been told! And my memory became so large that even I couldn’t believe it! But I was always so lonely standing there by myself, until in the early 1960s they gave me a family connected by a network. I was able to share my knowledge with others through the World Wide Web.

Since the 1970s many new applications have been found for me. I have become very important in communication, finance and trade. I have also been put in robots and used to make mobile phones as well as help with medical operations. I have even been put into space rockets and sent to explore the Moon and Mars. Anyhow, my goal is to provide humans with a life of high quality. I am now truly filled with happiness that I am a devoted friend and helper of the human race!

Andy- the android

My first football competition was in Nagoya, Japan several years ago. Last year our team went to Seattle, Washington in the USA. We won second place. Personally, I think the team that won first place cheated. They had developed a new type of program just before the competition. So we need to encourage our programmer to improve our intelligence too. We are determined to create an even better system. In a way our programmer is like our coach. She programs us with all the possible moves she has seen while watching human games. Then she prepares reliable moves to use if a new situation arises. In this way I can make up new moves using “my artificial intelligence”. I would really like to play against a human team, for I have been programmed to act just like them. After all, with the help of my electronic brain which never forgets anything, using my intelligence is what I’m all about!

Unit 4 Wildlife protection

How Daisy learned to help wildlife

Daisy had always longed to help endangered species of wildlife. One day she woke up and found a flying carpet by her bed. “Where do you want to go?” it asked. Daisy responded

immediately. “I’d like to see some endangered wildlife.” she said. “Please take me to a distant land where I can find the animal that gave fur to make this sweater.” At once the carpet flew away and took her to Tibet. There Daisy saw an antelope looking sad. It said, “We’re being killed for the wool beneath our stomachs. Our fur is being used to make sweaters for people like you. As a result, we are now an endangered species.” At that Daisy cried, “I’m sorry I didn’t know that. I wonder what is being done to help you. Flying carpet, please show me a place where there’s some wildlife protection.”

The flying carpet travelled so fast that next minute they were in Zimbabwe. Daisy turned around and found that she was being watched by an elephant. “Have you come to take my photo?”it asked. In relief Daisy burst into laughter. “Don’t laugh,” said the elephant, “We used to be an endangered species. Farmers hunted us without mercy. They said we destroyed their farms, and money from tourists only went to the large tour companies. So the

government decided to help. They allowed tourists to hunt only a certain number of animals if they paid the farmers. Now the farmers are happy and our numbers are increasing. So good things are being done here to save local wildlife.”

Daisy smiled. “That’s good news. It shows the importance of wildlife protection, but I’d like to help as the WWF suggests.” The carpet rose again and almost at once they were in a thick rainforest. A monkey watched them as it rubbed itself. “What are you doing?”asked Daisy. “I’m protecting myself from mosquitoes,” it replied. “When I find a millipede insect, I

rub it over my body. It contains a powerful drug which affects mosquitoes. You should pay more attention to the rainforest where I live and appreciate how the animals live together. No rainforest, no animals, no drugs.”

Daisy was amazed. “Flying carpet, please take me home so I can tell WWF and we can begin producing this new drug. Monkey, please come and help.” The monkey agreed. The carpet flew home. As they landed, things began to disappear. Two minutes later everything had gone—the monkey, too. So Daisy was not able to make her new drug. But what an experience! She had learned so much! And there was always WWF…

Animal extinction

Many animals have disappeared during the long history of the earth. The most famous of these animals are dinosaurs. They lived on the earth tens of millions of years ago, long before humans came into being and their future seemed secure at that time. There were many different kinds of dinosaur and a number of then used to live in China. The eggs of

twenty-five species have been found in Xixia County, Nanyang, Henan Province. Not long ago a rare new species of bird-like dinosaurs was discovered in Chaoyang County, Liaoning Province. When scientists inspected the bones, they were surprised to find that these

dinosaurs could not only run like the others but also climb trees. They learned this from the way the bones were joined together.

Dinosaurs died out suddenly about 65million years ago. Some scientists think it came after an unexpected incident when a huge rock from space hit the earth and put too much dust into the air. Others think the earth got too hot for the dinosaurs to live on any more. Nobody knows for sure why and how dinosaurs disappeared from the earth in such a short time. We know many other wild plants, animals, insects and birds have died out more recently. According to a UN report, some 844 animals and plants have disappeared in the last 500 years. The dodo is one of them. It lived on the Island of Mauritius and was a very friendly animal. Please listen to a short story of the dodo and how it disappeared from the earth.

Unit 5 Music

The band that wasn’t

Have you ever wanted to be part of a band as a famous singer or musician? Have you ever dreamed of playing in front of thousands of people at a concert, at which everyone is clapping and appreciating your music? Do you sing karaoke and pretend you are a famous singer like Song Zuying or Liu Huan? To be honest, a lot of people attach great importance to becoming rich and famous. But just how do people form a band?

Many musicians meet and form a band because they like to write and play their own music. They may start as a group of high-school students, for whom practising their music in

someone’s house is the first step to fame. Sometimes they may play to passers-by in the street or subway so that they can earn some extra money for themselves or to pay for their

instruments. Later they may give performances in pubs or clubs, for which they are paid in cash. Of course they hope to make records in a studio and sell millions of copies to become millionaires!

However, there was one band that started in a different way. It was called the Monkees and began as a TV show. The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music, most of which was based loosely on the Beatles. The TV organizers had planned to find four musicians who could act as well as sing. They put an advertisement in a newspaper looking for rock musicians, but they could only find one who was good enough. They had to use actors for the other three members of the band.

As some of these actors could not sing well enough, they had to rely on other musicians to help them. So during the broadcasts they just pretended to sing. Anyhow their performances were humourous enough to be copied by other groups. They were so popular that their fans formed clubs in order to get more familiar with them. Each week on TV, the Monkees would play and sing songs written by other musicians. However, after a year or so in which they became more serious about their work, the Monkees started to play and sing their own songs like a real band. Then they produced their own records and started touring and playing their own music. In the USA they became even more popular than the Beatles and sold even more records. The band broke up about 1970, but happily they reunited in the mid-1980s. They produced a new record in 1996, with which they celebrated their former time as a real band.

Freddy the frog

Not long after Freddy and the band became famous, they visited Britain on a brief tour. Fans showed their devotion by waiting for hours to get tickets for their concerts. Freddy was now quite confident when he went into a concert hall. He enjoyed singing and all the

congratulations afterwards! His most exciting invitation was to perform on a TV programme called “Top of the Pops”. He had to go to London, wear an expensive suit and give a

performance to a TV camera. It felt very strange. But as soon as the programme was over, the telephones which were in the same room started singing. Everybody was asking when they could see Freddy and his band again. They were truly stars.

Then things went wrong. Freddy and his band could not go out anywhere without being followed. Even when they wore sunglasses or beards people recognized them. Fans found them even when they went to the toilet. They tried to hid in the reading rooms of libraries, but it was useless. Someone was always there! Their personal life was regularly discussed by people who did not know them but talked as if they were close friends. At last feeling very upset and sensitive, Freddy and his band realized that they must leave the country before it

became too painful for them. So they left Britain, to which they were never to return, and went back to the lake.

范文六:人教版英语必修一课文电子版

Unit1 Friendship

Reading

ANNE’S BEST FRIEND

Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts? Or are you afraid that your friend would laugh at you, or would not understand what you are going through? Anne Frank wanted the first kind, so she made her diary her best friend.

Anne lived in Amsterdam in the Netherlands during World War II. Her family was

Jewish so the had to hide or they would be caught by the German Nazis. She and her family hide away for two years before they were discovered. During that time the only true friend was her diary. She said, “I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do, but I want this diary itself to be my friend, and I shall call my friend Kitty.” Now read how she felt after being in the hiding place since July 1942.

Dear kitty,

I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. That’s changed since I was here.

…For example, when it was so warm, I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven one evening in order to have a good look at the moon for once by myself. But as the moon gave far too much light, I didn’t dare open a window. Another time some months ago, I

happened to be upstairs one evening when the window was open. I didn’t go downstairs until the window had to be shut. The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me entirely in their power; it was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face…

…Sadly…I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dusty windows. It’s no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced.

Yours,

Anne

Reading and writing

Miss Wang has received a letter from Xiaodong. He is also asking for some advice. Read the letter on the right carefully and help Miss Wang answer it.

Dear Miss Wang,

I’m a student from Huzhou Senior High School. I have a problem. I’m not very good at communicating with people. Although I try to talk to my classmates, I still find it hard to make good friends with them. So I feel quite lonely sometimes. I do want to change this situation, but I don’t know how. I would be grateful if you could give me some advice.

Yours,

Xiaodong

Dear Xiaodong,

I’m sorry you are having trouble in making friends. However, the situation is easy to change if you follow my advice. Here are some tips to help you.

First, why not…?

If you do this,…

Secondly, you could / can …

Then / That way, …

Thirdly, it would be a good idea if …

By doing this, …

I hope you will find these ideas useful.

Yours

Miss Wang

Unit2 English around the world

Reading

THE ROAD TO MODERN ENGLISH

At the end of the 16th century, about five to seven million people spoke English. Nearly all of them lived in England. Later in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries. Today, more people speak English as their first, second or foreign language than ever before.

Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. Look at this example:

British Betty: Would you like to see my flat?

American Amy: Yes, I’d like to come up to your apartment.

So why has English changed over time? Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other. At first the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different from the English spoken today. It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. Then gradually between about AD 800 and 1150, English became less like German because those who ruled England spoken first Danish and later French. These new settlers enriched the English language and especially its vocabulary. So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. In 1620 some British settlers moved to America. Later in the 18th century some British people were taken to Australia too. English began to be spoken in both countries.

Finally by the 19th century the language was settled. At that time two big changes in English spelling happened: first Samuel Johnson wrote his dictionary and later Noah Webster wrote The American Dictionary of the English Language. The latter gave a separate identity to American English spelling.

English now is also spoken as a foreign or second language in South Asia. For example, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947. During that time English became the language for government and education. English is also spoken in Singapore and Malaysia and countries in Africa such as South Africa. Today the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly. In fact, China may have the largest number of English learners. Will Chinese English develop its own identity? Only time will tell.

Using Language

STANDARD ENGLISH AND DIALECTS

What is standard English? Is it spoken in Britain, the US, Canada, Australia, India and New Zealand? Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English. Many people believe the English spoken on TV and the radio is standard English. This is because in the early days of radio, those who reported the news were expected to speak excellent English. However, on TV and the radio you will hear differences in the way people speak.

When people use words and expressions different form “standard language”, it is called a dialect. American English has many dialects, especially the midwestern, southern, African American and Spanish dialects. Even in some parts of the USA, two people from

neighbouring towns speak a little differently. American English has so many dialects because people have come from all over the world.

Geography also plays a part in making dialects. Some people who live in the mountains of the eastern USA speak with an older kind of English dialect. When Americans moved form one place to another, they took their dialects with them. So people from the mountains in the southeastern USA speak with almost the same dialect as people in the northwestern USA. The USA is a large country in which many different dialects are spoken. Although many Americans move a lot, they still recognize and understand each other’s dialects.

Reading and speaking

Amy and her American friends are visiting London. They plan to visit Amy’s aunt and decide to go there by underground, but cannot find the nearest underground station. So she asks directions and then tells her friends. Read the dialogue and circle the words that mean the same.

AMY: Excuse me, Ma’ma. Could you tell me where the nearest subways is?

LADY: Er...the underground? Well, go round the corner on your left-hand side, straight on and cross two streets. It’ll be on your right-hand side.

AMY: Thanks so much.

FRIENDS: What did she say, Amy?

AMY: She told us to go around the corner on the left and keep going straight for two blocks. The subway will be on our right.

Unit3 Travel journal

Reading

JOURNEY DOWN THE MEKONG

PART 1 THE DREAM AND THE PLAN

My name is Wang Kun. Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I have

dreamed about taking a great bike trip. Two years ago she bought an expensive mountain bike and then she persuaded me to buy one. Last year, she visited our cousins, Dao Wei and Yu Hang at their college in Kunming. They are Dai and grew up in western Yunnan Province near the Lancang River, the Chinese part of the river that is called the Mekong River in other

countries. Wang Wei soon got them interested in cycling too. After graduating from college. we finally got the chance to take a bike trip. I asked my sister, "Where are we going?" It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. Now she is planning our schedule for the trip.

I am fond of my sister but she has one serious shortcoming. She can be really stubborn. Although she didn't know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly. Now, I know that the proper way is always her way. I kept asking her, "When are we leaving and when are we coming back?" I asked her whether she had looked at a map yet. Of course, she hadn't; my sister doesn't care about details. So I told her that the source of the Mekong is in Qinghai Province. She gave me a determined look—the kind that said she would not change her mind. When I told her that our journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5,000 meters, she seemed to be excited about it. When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold, she said it would be an interesting experience. I know my sister well. Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it. Finally, I had to give in.

Several months before our trip, Wang Wei and I went to the library. We found a large atlas with good maps that showed details of world geography. From the atlas we could see that the Mekong River begins in a glacier on a Tibetan mountain. At first the river is small and the water is clear and cold. Then it begins to move quickly. It becomes rapids as it passes through deep valleys, travelling across western Yunnan Province. Sometimes the river

becomes a waterfall and enters wide valleys. We were both surprised to learn that half of the river is in China. After it leaves China and the high altitude, the Mekong becomes wide,brown and warm. As it enters Southeast Asia, its pace slows. It makes wide bends or

meanders through low valleys to the plains where rice grows. At last, the river delta enters the South China Sea.

Reading and discussing

JOURNEY DOWN THE MEKONG

PART 2 A NIGHT IN THE MOUNTAINS

Although it was autumn, the snow was already beginning to fall in Tibet. Our legs were so heavy and cold that they felt like blocks of ice. Have you ever seen snowmen ride bicycles? That's what we looked like! Along the way children dressed in long wool coats stopped to look at us. In the late afternoon we found it was so cold that our water bottles froze. However, the lakes shone like glass in the setting sun and looked wonderful. Wang Wei rode in front of me as usual. She is very reliable and I knew I did't need to encourage her. To climb the mountains was hard work but as we looked around us, we were surprised by the view. We

seemed to be able to see for miles. At one point we were so high that we found ourselves cycling through clouds. Then we began going down the hills. It was great fun especially as it gradually became much warmer. In the valleys colourful butterflies flew around us and we saw many yaks and sheep eating green grass. At this point we had to change our caps, coats, gloves and trousers for T-shirts and shorts.

In the early evening we always stop to make camp. We put up our tent and then we eat. After supper Wang Wei put her head down on her pillow and went to sleep but I stayed

awake. At midnight the sky became clearer and the stars grew brighter. It was so quiet. There was almost no wind-only the flames of our fire for company. As I lay beneath the stars I thought about how far we had already travelled.

We will reach Dali in Yunnan Province soon, where our cousins Dao Wei and Yu Hang will join us. We can hardly wait to see them!

Unit4 Earthquakes

Reading

A NIGHT THE EARTH DIDN'T SLEEP

Strange things were happening in the countryside of northeast Hebei. For three days the water in the village wells rose and fell, rose and fell. Farmers noticed that the well walls had deep cracks in them. A smelly gas came out of the cracks. In the farmyards, the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat. Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide. Fish jumped out of their bowls and ponds. At about 3:00 am on july28,1976,some people saw bright lights in the sky. The sound of planes could be heard outside the city of Tangshan even when no planes were in the sky. In the city, the water pipes in some buildings cracked and burst. But the one million people of the city, who thought little of these events, were asleep as usual that night.

At 3:42 am everything began to shake. It seemed as if the world was at an end! Eleven kilometers directly below the city the greatest earthquake of the 20th century had begun. It was felt in Beijing, which is more than two hundred kilometers away. One-third of the nation felt it. A huge crack that was eight kilometers long and thirty meters wide cut across houses, roads and canals. Steam burst from holes in the ground. Hard hills of rock became rivers of dir. In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins. The suffering of the people was extreme. Two-thirds of them died or were left without parents. The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000.

But how could the survivors believe it was natural? Everywhere they looked nearly everything was destroyed. All of the city's hospitals,75%of its factories and buildings and

90% of its homes were gone. Bricks covered the ground like red autumn leaves. No wind, however, could blow them away. Two dams fell and most of the bridges also fell or were not safe for travelling. The railway tracks were now useless pieces of steel. Tens of thousands of cows would never give milk again. Half a million pigs and millions of chickens were dead. Sand now filled the wells instead of water. People were shocked. Then, later that afternoon, another big quake which was almost as strong as the first one shook Tangshan. Some of the rescue workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins. More buildings fell down. Water, food, and electricity were hard to get. people began to wonder how long the disaster would last.

All hope was not lost. Soon after the quakes, the army sent 150,000 soldiers to Tangshan to help the rescue workers. Hundreds of thousands of people were helped. The army

organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead. To the north of the city, most of the 10,000 miners were rescued from the coal mines there. Workers built

shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed. Fresh water was taken to the city by train, truck and plane. Slowly, the city began to breathe again.

Reading and speaking

Office of the City Government

Tangshan, Hebei

China

July5,2007

Dear____,

Congratulations! We are pleased to tell you that you have won the high school speaking competition about new Tangshan. Your speech was heard by a group of five judges, all of whom agreed that it was the best one this year. Your parents and your school should be very proud of you!

Next month the city will open a new park to honour those who died in the terrible

disaster. The park will also honour those who helped the survivors. Our office would like to have you speak to the park vistors on July 28 at 11:00 am. As you know, this is the day the quake happened thirty-____years ago.

We invite you to bring your family and friends on that special day.

Sincerely,

Zhang Sha

Unit5 Nelson Mandela-a modern hero

Reading

ELIAS’ STORY

My name is Elias. I am a poor black worker in South Africa. The time when I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life. I was twelve years old. It was in 1952 and Mandela was the black lawyer to whom I went for advice. He offered guidance to poor black people on their legal problems. He was generous with his time, for which I was grateful. I needed his help because I had very little education. I began school at six. The school where I studied for only two years was three kilometers away. I had to leave because my family could not continue to pay the school fees and the bus fare. I could not read or write well. After trying hard, I got a job in a gold mine. However, this was a time when one had got to have a passbook to live in Johannesburg. Sadly I did not have it because I was not born there, and I worried about whether I would become out of work.

The day when Nelson Mandela helped me was one of my happiest. He told my how to get the correct papers so I could stay in Johannesburg. I became more hopeful about my future. I never forgot how kind Mandela was. When he organized the ANC Youth League, I joined it as soon as I could. He said:

“The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress, until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all.”

It was the truth. Black people could not vote or choose their leaders. They could not get the jobs they wanted. The parts of town in which they had to live were decided by white people. The places outside the towns where they were sent to live were the poorest parts of South Africa. No one could grow food there. In fact as Nelson Mandela said:

“…we were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important or fight the government. We chose to attack the laws. We first broke the law in a way which was peaceful; when this was not allowed…only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.

As a matter of fact, I do not like violence…but in 1963 I helped him blow up some

government buildings. It was very dangerous because if I was caught I could be put in prison. But I was happy to help because I knew it would help us achieve our dream of making black and white people equal.

Reading and discussing

THE REST OF ELIAS' STORY

You cannot imagine how the name of Robben Island made us afraid. It was a prison from which no one escaped. There I spent the hardest time of my life. But when I got there Nelsom Mandela was also there and he helped me. Mr. Mandela began a school for those of us who had little learning. He taught us during the lunch breaks and the evenings when we should have been asleep. We read books under our blankets and used anything we could find to make candles to see the words. I became a good student. I wanted to study for my degree but I was not allowed to do that. Later, Mr Mandela allowed the prison guards to join us. He said they should not be stopped from studying for their degrees. They were not cleverer than me , but they did pass their exams. So I knew I could get a degree too. That made me feel good about myself.

When I finished the four years in prison, I went to find a job. Since I was better educated, I got a job working in an office. However, the police found out and told my boss that I had been in prinson for blowing up government buildings. So I lost my job. I did not work again for twenty years until M r Mandela and the ANC came to power in 1994. All that time my wife and children had to beg for good and help from relatives or friends. Luckily Mr.

Mandela remembered me and gave me a job taking tourists around my old prison on Robben Islannd. I felt bad the first time I talked to a group. All the terror and fear of that time came back to me. I remembered the beatings and the cruelty of the guards and my friends who had died. I felt I would not be able to do it, but my family encouraged me. They said that the job and the pay from the new South African government were my reward after working all my life for equal rights for the Blacks. So now at 51 I am proud to show visitors over the prison, for I helped to make our people free in their own land.

范文七:小学英语电子课本(人教版_)

人教版小学英语电子课本

新起点英语一年级上册

unit 1 school

unit 2 body

unit 3 animals

unit 4 revision

unit 5 numbers

unit 6 colours

unit 7 fruit

unit 8 revision

词汇表一

词汇表二

新起点英语一年级下册

unit 9 classmate………………………………………………………………2

unit 10 my room………………………………………………………………10

unit 11 toys ………………………………………………………………18

unit 12 review………………………………………………………………26

unit 13 shapes………………………………………………………………34

unit 14 clothes………………………………………………………………42

unit 15 food and drink………………………………………………………………50

unit 16 review………………………………………………………………58

词汇表一………………………………………………………………66

词汇表二………………………………………………………………69

新起点英语二年级上册

unit 1 family………………………………………………………………2

unit 2 friends………………………………………………………………10

unit 3 parks ………………………………………………………………18

unit 4 review………………………………………………………………26

unit 5 streets………………………………………………………………34

unit 6 beijing………………………………………………………………42

unit 7 festivals………………………………………………………………50

unit 8 review………………………………………………………………58

词汇表一………………………………………………………………66

词汇表二………………………………………………………………69

新起点英语二年级下册

unit 10 weather………………………………………………………………10

unit 11 pe class ………………………………………………………………18

unit 12 review………………………………………………………………26

unit 13 time………………………………………………………………34

unit 14 my day………………………………………………………………42

unit 15 the days of the week………………………………………………………………50 unit 16 review………………………………………………………………58

词汇表一………………………………………………………………66

词汇表二………………………………………………………………70

新起点英语三年级上册

unit 1 myself………………………………………………………………2

unit 2 my body………………………………………………………………12

unit 3 my food ………………………………………………………………22

unit 4 revision………………………………………………………………32

unit 5 my pet………………………………………………………………42

unit 6 my clothes………………………………………………………………52

unit 7 my birthday………………………………………………………………62

unit 8 revision………………………………………………………………72

词汇表一………………………………………………………………82

词汇表二………………………………………………………………84

新起点英语三年级下册

unit 9 my school………………………………………………………………2

unit 10 my classes………………………………………………………………12

unit 11 after school activities ………………………………………………………………22 unit 12 revision………………………………………………………………32

unit 13 my home………………………………………………………………42

unit 14 my family………………………………………………………………52

unit 15 family activities………………………………………………………………62 unit 16 revision………………………………………………………………72

词汇表一………………………………………………………………82

词汇表二………………………………………………………………85

新起点英语四年级上册

unit 1 having a party………………………………………………………………2

unit 2 sports and games………………………………………………………………12 unit 3 having fun………………………………………………………………22

unit 5 safety………………………………………………………………42

unit 6 asking for hlep………………………………………………………………52 unit 7 jobs………………………………………………………………62

unit 8 revision………………………………………………………………72

词汇表一………………………………………………………………82

词汇表二………………………………………………………………85

新起点英语四年级下册

unit 9 my community………………………………………………………………2

unit 10 my city………………………………………………………………12

unit 11 peoples and countries………………………………………………………………22 unit 12 revision………………………………………………………………32

unit 13 travel plans………………………………………………………………42

unit 14 my hobby………………………………………………………………52

unit 15 communication………………………………………………………………62

unit 16 revision………………………………………………………………72

词汇表一………………………………………………………………82

词汇表二………………………………………………………………85

新起点英语五年级上册

unit 1 my classmates………………………………………………………………2

unit 2 who is taller?………………………………………………………………14

unit 3 the biggest and the best………………………………………………………………26 unit 4 revision………………………………………………………………38

unit 5 shopping………………………………………………………………48

unit 6 cooking………………………………………………………………60

unit 7 tv shows………………………………………………………………72

unit 8 revision………………………………………………………………84

词汇表一………………………………………………………………94

词汇表二………………………………………………………………97

新起点英语五年级下册

unit 9 how often do you go there………………………………………………………………2 unit 10 doing things………………………………………………………………14

unit 11 keeping fit………………………………………………………………26

unit 12 revision………………………………………………………………38

unit 13 last weekend………………………………………………………………48

unit 14 a great trip………………………………………………………………60

unit 16 revision………………………………………………………………84 词汇表一………………………………………………………………94

词汇表二………………………………………………………………97

新起点英语六年级上册

unit 1 in china………………………………………………………………2

unit 2 around the world………………………………………………………………14 unit 3 animal world………………………………………………………………26 unit 4 revision………………………………………………………………38 unit 5 feelings………………………………………………………………48

unit 6 famous people………………………………………………………………60 unit 7 future………………………………………………………………72

unit 8 revision………………………………………………………………84 词汇表一………………………………………………………………94

词汇表二………………………………………………………………97

新起点英语六年级下册

unit 9 my story………………………………………………………………2

unit 10 all around me………………………………………………………………14 unit 11 daily life………………………………………………………………26 unit 12 free time………………………………………………………………38 unit 13 nature………………………………………………………………50 unit 14 people of the world…………………………………………………62 unit 15 trips………………………………………………………………74

unit 16 yesterday,today and tomorrow……………………………………84 词汇表一………………………………………………………………98

词汇表二………………………………………………………………101

范文八:人教版六年级上册语文第一单元电子备课

六年级上册第五单元单元备课

【单元教材简析】

本组教材是让学生初识我国一位伟大的文学家——鲁迅,共安排了四篇课文,既展示了鲁迅先生的文学成就,又通过回忆录及诗歌的形式向大家介绍了鲁迅先生的崇高精神和他伟大的人格魅力。内容简介:

17、《少年闰土》这是鲁迅笔下少年时期的玩伴,本文通过四件事介绍了聪明能干、活泼可爱的农村少年——闰土。

18、《我的伯父鲁迅先生》这篇课文是周晔写的回忆伯父的纪念性文章,通过回忆伯父鲁迅先生生前给自己留下的印象深刻的几件事,说明鲁迅先生是一个爱憎分明,为自己想得少、为别人想得多的人,表达了作者对鲁迅先生的无比怀念、热爱与敬仰之情。

19、《一面》一文按照时间顺序紧紧围绕

20、《有的人》是诗人藏克家为纪念鲁迅先生逝世十三周年写的一首诗,通过诗文表达作者对鲁迅先生的崇敬爱戴之情。 【单元总体目标】

1、学习生字新词,理解含义深刻的句子,进而理解课文。 2、能正确、流利的朗读课文。背诵重要句段。 3、初识鲁迅,了解鲁迅先生的文学成就。

4、感受鲁迅先生爱憎分明,为自己想得少、为别人想得多的崇高品质。 5、感受鲁迅关怀进步青年的高尚品格。

第 1 页 共 50 页 小学语文六年级上册教案

6、懂得为人民的人将获得永生,与人民为敌的人必然灭亡的道理。 7、学习作者抓住人物言行、外貌概括人物特点的写作方法和对比写法。 8、领会作者对鲁迅先生崇敬、怀念的思想感情。 【单元教学建议】

在本单元教学前,先布置学生搜集有关的鲁迅资料,让学生对鲁迅有个总体的了解。在教学过程中,面向全体学生,根据学生不同的学习情况,适当地有针对性地分层次制定具体的教学目标,杜绝以往简单的“一刀切”的做法。 上课前,认真钻研教材内容,广泛参阅教学资料和最新的教研成果,并与备课组的其他老师共同商讨,精心设计好每一堂课的教案。 授课过程中,依照设计好的教案,灵活多样地采取各种教学方法和多媒体电教设备,在课堂上营造一种轻松的教学氛围,从而提高学生的学习兴趣,增强课堂教学效果。在教学课文的过程中要引导学生自主、合作、探究性学习,在多读多悟中理解含义深刻的句子,感受鲁迅先生的崇高品质。 【单元教学时间】

建议本单元课时数为12课时 17、《少年闰土》 2课时 18、《我的伯父鲁迅先生》2课时 19、《一面》 1课时 20、《有的人》 1课时 词语盘点 1课时 口语交际 1课时 作文 3课时 回顾·拓展五 1课时

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范文九:人教版六年级上册语文第一单元电子备课

六年级上册全册备课

(沂南二小 邹晓琳)

【全册教材简析】

教材继续按专题组织单元,共八组,依次是:感受自然,祖国在我心中,心灵之歌,珍爱我们的家园,初识鲁迅,轻叩诗歌的大门,人与动物,艺术的魅力。

本册的综合性学习安排在第二组“祖国在我心中”和第六组“轻叩诗歌的大门”。其中,“轻叩诗歌的大门”这个专题,采用的是任务驱动、活动贯穿始终的编排方式,包括“活动建议”和“阅读材料”两大部分。

除去第六组,共有课文二十八篇,精读课文、略读课文各十四篇。这七组教材,每组由“导语”“课例”“口语交际·习作”“回顾·拓展”四部分组成。课例包括四篇课文,精读课文两篇,略读课文两篇。精读课文后有思考练习题,略读课文前有连接语。部分课文后面安排了“资料袋”或“阅读链接”。全册安排“资料袋”三次,安排“阅读链接”两次。“口语交际·习作”依然作为一个独立的栏目。“回顾·拓展”由三个栏目组成,“交流平台”“日积月累”是固定栏目,另有“展示台”“成语故事”“课外书屋”“趣味语文”穿插安排,其中,“趣味语文”“成语故事”“课外书屋”各安排了两次,“展示台”安排了一次。

本册涉及到的读写方法,大致包括以下几个内容:展开联想和想象进行表达的方法;体会关键词句在表情达意方面的作用;环境描写和心理描写;读课文时能联系实际,深入思考;理解含义深刻的句子;继续学习用较快的速度读课文。其中,“展开联想和想象进行表达的方法”“读课文时能联系实际,深入思考”“理解含义深刻的句子”是本册的学习重点。 【全册总体目标】 1、识字、写字教学

本册教材没有安排识字,要求会写120个字。教学中,老师可以就难写的字、易混淆的字形作重点指导。在强调写字质量的同时,还可适当要求提高写字的速度,并养成良好的写字习惯。及时纠正学生在书写过程中出现的问题,同时培养学生的书写兴趣和书法爱好。 2、阅读教学

随着年级的升高,学生识字量不断增加,阅读理解能力不断提高,而且渐渐具备了在读中分析、概括、抽象、归纳的能力。阅读教学要注意在读懂课文

的基础上教给方法,培养学生自主读书、习作的能力。首先理清专题的脉络,弄清楚课文在专题中的地位、作用,注意结合专题学习重点来组织教学内容。其次是教学时注意结合课后思考练习题,防止人为拔高或离题万里地发挥。

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3、口语交际教学

注意激发兴趣,引导互动交流。本册教材注意从学生生活实际中提炼口语交际话题,有的专题中口语交际提供了多个角度,给定一个话题的,注意拓宽话题范围。教师要结合本地区、本校、本班学生的生活实际,选择交流主题和话题范围,使学生的交际能够与生活经验相结合,有话可讲。还要根据每次口语交际的内容,设计不同的教学方案,为学生兴致勃勃地参与交际、展开互动交流创造条件。交际目标要明确。教材安排的交际话题类型不一,每堂口语交际课的交际目标也应各有侧重。要注意从倾听、表达、应对等各个方面考虑,提取需要重点训练的方面,教学时做到心中有数,适时给予点拨、指导。对于辩论、演讲等需要专业技能的口语交际话题,要根据教材安排给予一定指导,但不能拔高要求。有些口语交际与习作合在一起,要注意处理好口语交际和习作指导、讲评的关系。总之,在口语交际课上,要科学安排教学内容,有针对性地给予指导,以不断提高学生的交际水平,培养良好的语言习惯。 4、习作教学

对教材中安排的习作内容,教学中既要注意体现要求,又要注意活用教材。在习作前的指导和习作后的讲评中,注意渗透习作要求,落实教学目标。同时,还要结合学生实际,灵活选择教学内容,安排教学过程。

修改能力是习作能力的一个重要方面,认真修改也是一种良好的作文习惯。讲评中要重视修改,帮助学生养成认真修改习作的好习惯。 5、综合性学习的教学

把握阅读材料的学习要求。教学中要落实要求,背诵相关诗歌,理解诗歌内容,了解相关知识。有的诗歌后附了注释、赏析,教学中要把这些内容运用起来,引导自主阅读、欣赏诗歌,并教给学生了解诗歌大意、体会诗歌情感的方法。 【全册教学建议】

1、始终用素质教育理论和语文课程标准的要求,指导日常的教学工作,并且注意结合教学实际情况,使理论和实践融合为一体。

2、在教学过程中,面向全体学生,根据学生的不同的学习情况,适当地有针对性地分层次制定具体的教学目标,杜绝以往简单的“一刀切”的做法。 3、上课前,认真钻研教材内容,广泛参阅教学资料和最新的教研成果,并与备课组的其他老师共同商讨,精心设计好每一堂课的教案。

4、授课过程中,依照设计好的教案,灵活多样地采取各种教学方法和多媒体电教设备,在课堂上营造一种轻松的教学氛围,从而提高学生的学习兴趣,增强课堂教学效果。彻底改变了传统的“满堂灌”的做法,始终以学生为学习主体,引导学生改变学习方式,变为自主、合作、探究式学习,以提高学习效率。

5、课后,注意有针对性地对学生进行集体辅导和个别辅导,帮助学生及时复习好所学的新知识。 6、认真、及时地批改学生的作业和作文,并组织好单元测试。

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7、平时注重向别的老师学习,积极参加备课组的集体备课和教研组的各种教研活动,以此丰富个人的教学经验。 【全册教学时间】

第一单元„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„9课时 第二单元„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„9课时 第三单元„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„9课时 第四单元„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„9课时 第五单元„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„10课时 第六单元„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„9课时 第七单元„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„9课时

第八单元„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„9课时

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六年级上册第一单元备课

主备人:张赟 参与集体备课人员 王兴菊 邹晓琳 刘爱芹 宗红霞

【单元教材简析】

本组共有四篇课文,一个“口语交际”和一个“回顾·拓展”。其中《山中访友》《草虫的村落》是精读课文,《山雨》《索溪峪的“野”》是略读课文。《山中访友》向我们传递了作者对山里“朋友”的那份深厚的感情。《山雨》一文为我们描绘了一幅有声有色的山村雨景图。《草虫的村落》以丰富的想象,带我们走进了一个童话般的草虫世界。《索溪峪的“野”》让我们离开了想想世界,走进了美丽的大自然,感受到那独特的景致,给人们无限的美感。

“回顾·拓展”包括“交流平台”“日积月累”“趣味语文”三个栏目,安排了引导学生交流对课文表达特点的认识,积累诗句,阅读与语文有关的有趣的故事等内容。

【单元总体目标】

1.学习本组课文,要会写19个生字和生字组成的词语。

2、.有感情地朗读课文。背诵自己喜欢的语句,品味优美的语言,不断丰富语言的积累。 3、.整体感知课文,体会作者是如何展开联想和想象,表达自己独特的感受的。 4.、学会表达自己的感受和体会,培养学生热爱大自然的美好情操。 【单元教学建议】

在教学的过程中要让学生多读,读出感情。有些课文还要在读中进入情景,浮现画面,体会重点句子的思想感情。 【单元教学时间】

本组教材建议大约用10课时安排教学,其中精读课文大约用4课时,略读课文2课时,“口语交际·习作”2课时,“回顾·拓展”2课时。

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范文十:人教版六年级上册语文第一单元电子备课

六年级上册第三单元备课

主备人:刘爱芹 参与备课人员:王兴菊 张允 邹晓琳 宗红霞

【单元教材简析】

本组围绕着“人间真情”这一主题选入了四篇课文,,篇篇充满着人间真情和爱意。

《穷人》作者是俄国作家列夫。托尔斯泰。课文讲的是渔夫和妻子桑娜,在邻居西蒙死后,主动收养她的两个孩子的故事,真实的反映了沙俄专制制度统治下的社会现实,表现了桑娜和渔夫勤劳、善良,宁可自己受苦也要帮助别人的美好品质。课文用朴实、准确的语言,恰如其分地表达了真情实感。文章的特色在于通过描写人物的行为和心理活动表现了人物的美好心灵。文章多处出现人物之间的对话及心理活动,是练习朗读的佳作。

《别饿坏了那匹马》是一篇略读课文,文章记叙了一个摆书摊的残疾青年以“别饿坏了那匹马”的善意谎言成全一个极其喜欢看书但又没有能力看书孩子愿望的感人故事。文章文字朴实无华,可是在这平淡如水的文字下面去蕴涵着残疾青年乐于助人的美好品质和作者“我”对那个良苦用心的残疾青年万分感激。 用“别饿坏了那匹马”做题目,至少有两层主要意思:一是这是文中残疾青年一句善良的谎言。正因为这句善良的谎言,我才会心安理得地去读青年的书;正因为这句善良的谎言,故事才会显得如此的动人;正因为这句善良的谎言,青年的形象才会如此高大。二是“我”就是一匹“饿坏了的马”,青年知道,后来我自己也知道。

《唯的一听众》是一篇讲读课文,这个一组课文主要以歌颂人们美好心灵和人们之间真情的美好为主题。它记叙了“我”在一位音乐教授真诚无私的帮助下,由没有信心学会拉小提琴,到能够在各种文艺晚会上为成百上千的观众演奏的事,赞扬了老教授爱护、鼓励年轻人成才的美德,表达了“我”对德高望重的老教授的敬佩、感激之情。本文有两条线索,一条是“我”的心理、行动的变化,一条是老妇人的语言变化。全文围绕这两条线索展开,脉络清晰,层次分明。

本文来源于西班牙的《都市生活报》,我国《参考消息》翻译并刊登了本文。课文真实地记录了“我”与问讯处工作人员苏珊交往的过程,赞美了苏珊用心灵倾听孩子的心声、用爱心帮助孩子的善良品质,表达了“我”对苏珊的深切怀念之情。

全文围绕“我”与苏珊的交往过程这条主线展开,脉络清楚。课文先写“我”开始以为苏珊是住在电话机里的无所不知的小精灵,只要拨“105”,就能得到她的帮助。然后写“我”的手指被锤子砸伤,情急之中拨通了电话,得到了苏珊的热情帮助,对她产生了好感。接着写“我”与苏珊聊天,苏珊总是用心灵倾听“我”的声音,耐心地给“我”帮助与安慰,她成了“我”从未谋面的第二个母亲。最后写长大后,“我”利用回故乡的机会与苏珊取得了联系。就在我们约定见面的前夕,苏珊不幸病逝了。“我”深切地怀念她。 【单元总体目标】

1、理解课文内容,积累词句。

2、分析文章的谋篇布局,体会文章的写作特点及表现手法。

3、感受人与人之间纯真的感情,体会到人与人要相互关爱,生命才更有意义,人生才更幸福。

【单元教学重难点】

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1、理解课文内容,感受人间真情。

2、学习作者是如何通过对环境、人物心理活动等反面的描写,抒发美好情感的。

【单元教学准备】

1、找有关查资料。 2、有关教学课件。

【单元教学建议】

本组课文的教学,可以从以下几个方面进行。

1、引导学生多读、多想、多体会,深切感受人与人之间纯真美好的感情。

2、 引导学生结合生活实际,联系上下文来理解词语,通过体会重点词句来感悟课文内容。

3、在每课的教学末尾,可以引导学生由课文内容延伸开去,联系自己的经历过或读过的感人故事,感悟互相关爱带来的快乐和幸福。

【单元教学时间】 《穷人》2课时

《别饿坏了那匹马》 1课时 《唯一的听众》 2课时 《用心灵去倾听》 1课时 口语交际与习作 2课时 回顾拓展 2课时 共计: 10课时

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