Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?
Period4 Section B ( 3-4b )
常乐中学 罗家群 [1**********]
新课程标准强调语言教学应从学生的兴趣、生活经验和认知水平出发，倡导体验、实践、合作与交流的学习方式。就本单元教学活动而言，大多数学生对UFO了解不多，学生很难就UFO作过多谈论，但对UFO很感兴趣。因此，把UFO作为兴趣点，围绕UFO的出现展开新知识的学习还是很好的。Section A1-2c呈现了本单元的重点语法过去进行时的用法。通过不明飞行物光临地球对人们当时的动作自然地引出了过去进行时，继而又练习了when和while引导不同的时态。设计了听力活动，俩俩结对活动以及小组活动，从听说角度训练了本单元的核心句型，并在Grammar Fcous 中进行了归纳总结。 Activity 1通过观察、听辨、学说学习活动，让学生学习词汇和语法句型。Activity 2通过目标语言的听、写、说及话题句型归纳的练习活动，让学生理解目标语言。Activity 3通过短文阅读理解、短文内容交流，短文图片描述让学生实践目标语言。Activity 4 通过小组合作活动，让学生初步运用目标语言。SectionA 3a-4 首先设计了绘图片标序号的活动，让学生进一步了解和掌握过去进行时的结构和用法，又设计了俩俩结对和小组活动，鼓励学生使用过去进行时谈自己的经历。Section B1-2b 首先介绍了听力活动中要用到的生词，然后设计了两个听力活动，让学生进一步理解目标语言，。2c-2b设计的活动，提高了学生的阅读技巧及使用过去进行时的用法。2c-4b 设计的活动，提高了学生的阅读技巧及使用过去进行时写故事的能力， 4b则通过看图写故事和角色对话练习活动，提高学生运用目标语言的能力。 Self Check 部分让学生通过活动1-3对自己的词汇运用能力和语言综合运用能力进行自我评价。最后设计了一篇阅读材料，通过阅读活动，使学生学会通过标题与各段落的首句话猜测文章主旨的阅读技巧。也通过读前、读中和读后的学习活动，培养学生综合运用本单元所学语言
UFO 是英文(Unidentified Flying Object)的缩写,意为不明飞行物.它的含义,从广义讲是天空中一切不明原因和无法解释的飞行物,而狭义讲指外星人的飞行器.人们常常提到的UFO是广义上的飞碟,但外星人的飞行器至今也未收集到.
第四节 Section B ( 3 — 4b )
写图画情景、连贯成文，培养学生的话题写作能力。 一、课型：阅读课 40分钟 二、教学目标：
新单词:ran, met, happen , anywhere ，train station, run away , come in，think about doing sth. 2. 能应用下列话题重点句型：
(1) What happened while Linda was on the telephone? (2) What was Linda doing when Davy ran away? 3..提高阅读和写作技能。 （二）语言技能
（一）自下而上阅读方法 （二）任务型教学法 五、教学过程
本单元围绕“谈论过去发生的事情”这个话题，设计了相关的语言情景，引导学生学习生词、短语和谈论过去的事所用到的过去进行时及when/while引导的时间状语从句。本节课的重点是过去进行时的学习和运用，短文的理解，看图写作文 ，能用话题语言获取信息, 能用话题语言描述过去发生的情景和进行故事写作, 提高阅读和写作技能，我在本课中用的是阅读法、任务型教学法，精讲精练，使新知识得到更好的吸收。
1、在上课的开始我跟学生互动，培养感情，为下一步学生全身投入英语教学课堂做好充分的铺垫，。 2、首先，我把全班分A、B组做猜测游戏(guessing games)，猜测游戏的设置给课堂带来新的生命和活力，目的在于激发学生的学习兴趣，把课堂整体气氛搞活跃起来，同时了解学生对所学词句掌握的情况，为新课学习做好了准备。我用自下而上的阅读方法，先通过多媒体来学习生词和短语，把单词和短语放在具体的语境中学，避免了学习生词和语法的枯燥无味。在进行阅读训练之前，学习阅读技巧，学生掌握了阅读技巧，为下一步的阅读训练提高了方法指导和效率。
Social communications, Attitudes, Emotions, Talking about a trip, Talking about making reservations for tickets, hotels and so on, Talking about how to raise money, Talking about traffic rules and traffic safety, Talking about direction and position, Talking about cycling races and so on.
(1)、Linking verb + adjective 结构.
(2)、Adverbial clauses of reason （原因状语从句）
(3)、Equal comparison （同级比较）
(4)、Make/Let + object +„
(6)、Adverbial clauses of time （由while, when, before, after, as, until和as soon as引导的时间状语从句）
(7)、Adverbial clauses of condition （由if引导的条件状语从句）
(8)、Object clauses （宾语从句）
(9)、Comparative and superlative degrees of adverbs （副词的比较级和最高级）
(10)、so„that„, so that„, such„that„句型
(1)Learning the words and phrases in Unit 5.
(2) Learning to describe feeling and expressing emotions share
feelings give advice to others.
(3)Mastering the usage of linking Verb + adj./ adv.
(4)Mastering the clause of reason Let\make + object+ Complement.
(1) Learning the words and phrases in Unit 6.
(2)Learning to describe express the activities .
(3)Talking about traffic rules and warnings freely.
(4)Mastering Infinitives Adverbial Clauses of time\condition.
(1). Learning the words and phrases in Unit 7.
(2) Learning to talk about food festival the ways to cook table manners eating habits .
(3).Mastering object Clauses Comparative and Superlative degrees of adverbs.
(1).Learning the words and phrases in Unit 8.
(2)Learning talk about types of clothes ways of dressing for different occasions different customs and cultures of dressing.
(3)Mastering the result of Adverbial Clause with “so that ” and object Clause.
1、Weeks1-2 Topic 1 , Unit 5 Why all the smiling faces?
2、Week 3 Topic 2 ,Unit 5 I feel better now.
3、Week 4 Topic3 , Unit 5 Many things can affect our feelings.
4、Week 5 Topic 1 , Unit 6 We’re going on a spring field trip.
5、Week 6 Topic 2 ,Unit 6 How about exploring the Ming Tombs?
6、Week 7 Topic 3 , Unit 6 Bicycles are popular. 7、Week 8 Review of Units 5-6
8、Week 9 Topic 1 ,Unit 7 We are preparing for a food festival.
9、Week10 Topic 2 , Unit 7 Cooking is fun!
10、Week11 Topic 3 , Unit 7 Welcome to our food festival!
11、Week12 Review of Unit 7
12、Week13 Topic 1 , Unit 8 What a nice coat!
13、Week14 Topic 2 , Unit 8 Different jobs require different uniforms.
14、Week15 Topic 3 , Unit 8 Let’s go and watch the fashion show.
15、Week16 Review of Unit 8
16、Week17 Review of Units 7-8
17、Week18 Review of Units 5-8
◆Unit 1 Will people have robots?
重点句型：1.----Will there be less pollution?---Yes,there will./No,there won't.
2.Everything will be free.
3.They'll study at home on computers.
4.I think there will be more pollution.
5.I don't like living alone.
6.I'll go to Hong Kong on vacation.
7.I went to Shanghai last year and fell in love with it.
8.They help with the housework and do the most unpleasant jobs.
9.Scientists are now trying to make robots look like people and do the same as us.
10.It will be difficult for a robot to do the same things as a person.
11.It's easy for a child to wake up and know where they are.
12.We never know what will happen in the future!
1.on computers 2.live to be 200 years old
3.in 100 years 4.less free time
5.more pollution 6.an astronaut
7.an apartment 8.space station
9.a computer programmer 10.fall in love with
11.in the future 12.as a reporter
13.on vacation 14.be able to do sth=can do sth
15keep a pet parrot 16.the next World Cup
17.predict the future 18.one of the biggest movie companies
19.see sb do sth 20.see sb doing sth
21.be like=look like 22.wear a uniform
23.wake up 24.make sb do sth. make robots look like people
25.get bored 26.over and over again
27.many different shapes 28.help sb (to ) do sth=help sb with sth
29.seem possible 30.a hundred years ago
31.hundreds of years ago 32.the same as
33.try to do sth 34.come true
35.as well as也=too 36.be worth doing sth. That film is worth seeing.
37.stay at home呆在家 38.in some science fiction movies
I will be eighteen next week.
I will know the result tomorrow.。
She’ll be here at six.
You won’t be late.
a.用在―I think will‖这类句型中，表示看法：
I think they’ll succeed.
I’m sure he’ll come back.
I suppose they’ll buy the house.
b.也可表示未来习惯性的动作： Spring will come again.
Birds will build nests.
Will you type this?
Will you tell her I’ll be back at five?
If you want help —let me know,will you?
I’ll be there,I promise you.。
This won’t happen again,I assure you.
I won’t tell anybody what you said.
Don’t be late.--- No,I won’t.
Will you answer him? ---- Yes,I will.
What time shall I come?
Where shall we go for our holiday?
Shall I do the washing_up?
Let’s go, shall we?
What shall we do this weekend?
B．shall也可用在陈述句中（但现在口语中这样说的人比较少了，一般多用will） Don’t worry.I shan’t(won’t)be late.
We shall(will)be in touch.
①be going to结构，（a）表示打算干某事（b）即将发生某事
a.I’m going to buy her some flowers.
They’re going to sell their house.
b.It’s going to rain soon.
I｛won’t tell you my age./ is going to｝
My brother is having a party tomorrow.
When are you leaving?-----At the end of the term.
a.The plane takes off in ten minutes.
Tomorrow is Sunday.
b.They have no classes tomorrow.
I’m not at home tonight.
a.Give me a ring before you leave.
When she comes,I’ll tell her about it.
b.I hope she gets back in time.
We hope you are well.
a.She is to be married next month.
Who is to play Macbeth?
b.You’re to stay here til we return。
You are not to smoke in the office.
⑤be about to结构,表示就要发生的事： They’re about to start.
I was just about to fall imto a doze when he started up.
⑥be due to 构成的谓语来。预定
Mary is due to leave at two o’clock.
They are due to meet again tomorrow.
She is due to graduate next summer.
4．建筑物_________ 12．穿衣__________ 23．外形；形状___________ 13．我自己________ 24．导电的____________ 14．面试；面谈________ 25．不可能的________ 15．公司___________ 26．家务活__________
6．火箭_______ 17．科学家___________ 28．蛇_________
7．飞行_____ 18．早已；已经_______ 29．污染________
8．月亮______ 19．工厂______ 30．预测，n__________
9．落下_________ 20．简单的_________ 31.厌烦的，厌倦的________
10．单独地 _______ 21．各地；到处________ 32 牙刷________________
1． 太空站__________________ 9．（希望等）实现；达到______________
2． 爱上（某人或某物）_______________ 10.将会有__________________
3． 去滑冰 ________________________ 11.一百年后 _____________
4． 有能力做某事_______________ 12科幻小说_____________________
5． 世界杯___________________ 13.免费；有空_________________
6． 未来；将来_____________________ 14.更多/少的人____________________
7． 大量；许多 ___________________ 15活到200岁 _________________
1. 书籍将会仅仅在电脑，而不在纸上。 Books _____ only _____ on computers, not _____ paper.
There will _____ _____ trees and _____ pollution in the city in future.
3. 五年前萨莉还在上大学。 Sally was _____ college five years _____.
What do you think your friend will _____ _____ ten years?
____a report ,I think I will meet lots of _____people .I think I’ll live ___ an apartment with my best friends,because I don't like living alone.I’ll have pets.I can’t have____ pets now， because my mother hates them, and our apartment is too small.So in ten years,I’ll have many different pets.I _____ even keep a pet parrot! I’ll _________go skating and swimming every day._________the week I’ll look smart,and probably will ________a suit.On the weekend,I’ll be able to ________more casually.I think I’ll go to Hong Kong _________vacation,and one day I might even visit Australia.
( ) 1. – Will people live to be 300 years old? -- ________.
A. No, they aren’t. B. No, they won’t C. No, they don’t D. No, they can’t
( A. fewer B. much C. less D. many
( ) 3. I think people here are friendly. Do you agree _____ me?
A. with B. to C. on D. from
( ) 4. – Where is Miss Wang?
-- She went to Hainan last week and will return ___ six days.
A. ago B. later C. behind D. in
( -- They will play football.
A. What subject B. What sport C. What food D. What language
( A.a day B. every day C. one day D. everyday
( A. come true B. come out C. come in D. come on
( ) 8. Everyone wants to __ ___ to the moon for vacation.
A. walk B. run C. swim D. fly
( ) 9. Robots won’t be able to_____ the same things as person.
A. did B. doing C. do D. does ( A. paper B. bread C. cake D. music
( ) 11. -- Do you know __ __ she will be in ten years?
-- Maybe she will be a teacher.
A. what B. who C. if D. how
( ) 12. I think I will be ___ _ astronaut when I grow up.
A. an B. a C. the D. /
( ) 13. – I heard you liked small animals very much.
– Yes, I ___ _ a dog and a cat as pets.
A. kept B. fed C. found D. felt
( A. is B. are C. has D. have
( ) 15. – How are you getting on with your work?
-- I can’t do it ____. I’ll have to get help.
A. quietly B. alone C. hard D. more
You'll see a new a hospital near London if you go there. He is very clever, never speaks. He can work 24 hours a day and never gets Doctors often need to ask their patients (病人 ) a lot of questions. can only spend a few minutes with each patient. But Dr Robot can ask a patient questions for an hour if it is the help of Dr Robot, a human doctor can a lot of useful information when he meets his patients.
How can Dr Robot do this? A computer
( ) 2. A. so B. if C. but D. because
( ) 3. A. tired B. off C. up D. happy
( ) 4. A. like B. on C. as D. in
( ) 5. A. Kind B. Busy C. Free D. Tall
( ) 6. A. late B. impossible C. necessary D. interesting
( ) 7. A. With B. For C. Behind D. Under
( ) 8. A. speed B. have C. send D. speak
( ) 9. A. bring B. give C. take D. lead
( ) 10.A.robot B. computer C. women D. human
We live in computer age (时代use computers to do all kinds of work. But more than 30 years ago, 2 couldn't do much. They people were interested in them and knew how to use them. Today computers are smaller and 4 . But they can do a lot of work, many people like to have them at home. Computers become very important because they people do a lot of work. Writers now use computers to 8 . Teachers use them to help teaching. Students use them. Computers are very useful and helpful. They are our friends. Do you want to have a computer?
（ ）1. A. like B. as C. and D. with
（ ）2. A. students B. scientists C. teachers D. computers
（ ）3. A. few B. a few C. little D. a little
（ ）4. A. cheap B. cheaper C. more expensive D. expensive
（ ）5. A. even B. still C. already D. yet
（ ）6. A. fast B. faster C. slow D. slower
（ ）7. A. help B. make C. stop D. use
（ ）8. A. write B. play C. study D. learn
（ ）9. A. sing B. study C. dance D. watch
（ ）10. A. put in B. put on C. put into D. put up
Tom and Fred are talking about the year 2020．― What will our world be like in the year
2020?‖ ―I don't know, ‖ says Fred．―What do you think?‖ ―Well, no one knows, but it's interesting to guess．‖ ―In the year 2020 everyone will carry a pocket computer．The computer will give people the answers to all their problems．We shall all have telephones in our pockets, too, and
we'll be able to talk to our friends all over the world．Perhaps we'll be able to see them at the same time．‖ ―A lot of people will live and work under the sea．Perhaps there will be big towns, factories and farms under the sea, too．‖ ―Machines will do most of the work, and so people will have more holidays, perhaps they'll work only two or three days a week．They'll be able to fly to the moon by spaceship and spend their holidays there．‖ ―I'm looking forward （期待）to the year 2020．I hope to go to the moon! ‖ ―And 1 hope I'll be able to live under the sea．‖ says Fred．―Won't that be very interesting? Just like a fish! ‖
( ) 1．Tom and Fred talked about __________.
A．their school life B．some interesting news
C．their life in the past D．their life in the future
( ) 2．Machines will __________.
A．do most of the work instead of people B．do some of the work instead of people
C．do as much work as people D．do as little work as people
( ) 3．From their talk, we know that __________.
A. only Fred hopes to fly to the moon B. both of them hope to fly to the moon
C．one of them hopes to fly to the moon D．neither of them hopes to fly to the moon
( ) 4．Fred said __________.
A．he liked fish very much B．he would like to live under the sea like a fish
C．he would go fishing under the sea D．he would spend a few days on the moon
( ) 5．Which of the following statements is NOT mentioned?
A．People will be able to fly to the moon in a spaceship．
B．People will have more holidays．
C．Many people will live and work under the sea．
D．All the factories and farms will be built under the sea．
Life in the future will be different from life today.
The population(人口) is growing fast. There be more and more people in the world and most of them will live longer than now. Computers will be much smaller and more useful, and there will be at least one in every home .And computer studies will be one of the important subjects in school.
People will work fewer hours than they do now and they will have more free time for sports, watching TV and travelling .Travelling will be much cheaper and easier. And more people will go to other countries for holidays.
There will be changes in our foods, too .More land will be used for building new towns and houses .Then there will be less room for cows and sheep ,so meat will be more expensive .Maybe no one will eat it every day ,and they will eat more vegetables and fruit .Maybe people will be healthier.
Work in the future will be different, too. Robots will do dangerous and hard work ,Because of this ,many people will not have enough work to do .This will be a problem..
( ) 6. In the future there will be ___________
A. fewer vegetable B. fewer people C. more people D. much more meat
( ) 7. Traveling will be ___________ then.
A. less interesting B. more difficult C. more expensive D. much cheaper and easier
( ) 8. Every family will have at least one _________in the future.
A.TV B. robot C. cow D. computer
( ) 9.People may not eat so much _________as they do today.
A. sheep B. vegetables C. meat D. fruit
( ) 10.Our problem in the future is that ______.
A. many people don’t have to work B. people have to work fast
C. robots will do all the work D. many people won’t be able to find jobs
Joe is a computer programer. His 公司) is not far from his 2. 公寓)，so every day he rides his bike to work. But ten years ago, when he was a student, he
居住乘) the train to school. When people asked him what his life will be like in ten years. He said, ―I think I’ll be an astronaut. I’ll 5._______(飞行) to the 6._______(月球).‖ He also wants to live on a
7.__________(太空) station. Though he likes to live 8._______(单独地), he’ll take some
9._______(宠物) with him. He hopes there will be flights to other planets, so he will be
10._______(能够) to visit his family there.
( ) 1. Where do you live? A. No, I won’t.
( ) 2. What will the weather be like tomorrow? B. By rocket.
( ) 3. How will you fly to the moon? C. I agree.
( ) 4. Does she like living here? D. Yes, they will.
( ) 5. What will she be in 5 years? E. I live in an apartment.
( ) 6. I think Brazil will win the match next time. F. It will be sunny.
( ) 7. What sport did she play 5 years ago? G. Yes, she does.
( ) 8. Will you go to the room with me? H. She’ll be a teacher.
( ) 9.Will there be more trees in the future? I. Yes, there will.
( ) 10. Will kids study at home on computers in 100 years? J. She played basketball.
以下表格内容是你对自己20年后未来的设想。请以―My future‖ 为题写一篇短文，介绍20
_______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________
◆Unit4 He said I was hard-working.
first of all pass on be supposed to do better in be in good health
report card get over open up care for have a party for sb. be mad at sb. How’s it going? go over
◆I asked her why she wanted to do that, and she said that she had forgotten to do hers. forget to do sth. 忘记做某事 (还没有做)
forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事 (已经做过了)
e.g. When you leave the classroom, don’t forget to turn off the lights.
I forgot meeting him before.
remember to do sth. 记得做某事 (还没有做)
remember doing sth. 记得做过某事 (已经做过了)
e.g.“Remember to finish your homework on time, Li Ming”, his mother said.
I remember telling this story for several times.
◆I said I didn't think it was a good idea for her to copy my homework.
注意:think 用法：如果think 引导的宾语从句，其从句表示否定意思时，不是否定从句，而是否定主句。
I don’t think it is the right time for you to tell your father about that.
◆Yesterday she told me she was sorry she'd gotten mad.
◆Nowadays, many students prefer using English names in a language classroom. prefer的用法： prefer v. 更喜欢；宁愿
prefer sth. to sth. 喜欢…胜过…
prefer doing sth. to doing sth. 喜欢…而不喜欢…
prefer to do rather than do 宁愿…而不愿…
e.g. Do you prefer coffee or tea? He prefers talking to doing.
They prefer to die rather than surrender.
◆And for young people, having an English name is cool for them when they talk to their foreign pen pals.
having an English name … 中having 是动词ing形式, 用来做主语。
e.g. Getting up early every day is his good habit.
Swimming is her favorite sport.
◆Learning English and having English names are both popular in China. They are also important for China's contact with the world.
contact n. be in contact with 和...接触， 有联系
They have been in contact with each other for five years.
She comes into contact with many people.
contact v. She contacted me as soon as she arrived.
◆On the other hand, some people who come to China choose Chinese names.
on one hand on the other hand
e.g.On one hand, he is a clever boy; on the other hand, he always makes his mother angry. 语法讲解
Tom said to me,“My brother is doing his homework.”
→Tom said to me that his brother was doing his homework.
2. 人称代词、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语等等的变化；根据意义进行相应的变化。 例如：
She asked Jack, “Where have you been?” →She asked Jack where he had been. He said, “These books are mine.” →He said that those books were his.
“I want the blue one.” he told us.→He told us that he wanted the blue one.
She said to me, “You can’t settle anything now.”
→She told me that I couldn’t settle anything then.
直接引语如果是疑问句，变成间接引语后，叫做间接疑问句。间接疑问句为陈述语序，句末用句号，动词时态等的变化与间接陈述句相同。引述动词常用ask, wonder, want to know, inquire。间接疑问句一般有三种：
(1)．一般疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时， 由whether或if 引导。
如： “Can you tell me the way to the hospital?” The old man asked.
→The old man asked whether I could tell him the way to the hospital.
“Which room do you live in?” He asked. →He asked me which room I lived in. “What do you think of the film?” She asked.
→She asked her friend what she thought of the film.
(3). 选择疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时，由whether/if …or引导。
如： “Is it your bike or Tom’s? Mum asked.
→Mum asked whether/if it was my bike or Tom’s.
“Does your sister like blue dresses or green ones?” Kate asked.
→Kate asked whether/if my sister liked blue dresses or green ones.
如：Jack said, “Please come to my house tomorrow, Mary.”
→Jack asked Mary to go to his house the next day.
The teacher said to the students,“Stop talking.”
→The teacher told the students to stop talking.
“Don’t touch anything.” He said.→He told us not to touch anything.
(1). 某些代词，限定词，表示时间或地点的副词和个别动词在间接引语中的变化规则如下： 直接引语 间接引语
today that day
now then, at that moment
yesterday the day before
the day before yesterday two days before
tomorrow the next day / the following day
the day after tomorrow two days after, / in two days
next week/ month etc the next week/month etc
last week/ month etc the week / month etc. before
these those come go bring take (2). 如果引述动词为现在时形式，则间接引语中的动词时态，代词，限定词和表示时间或地点的副词不用变化。而如果引述动词是过去时，以上内容就要有相应变化。变化情况如下：
“I feel better today.” He said. →He said that he felt better that day. 现在进行时变为过去进行时；
“Xiao Ming is doing some washing” Mum said. →Mum said that Xiao Ming was doing some washing. 巩固练习 I. Put the following into reported speech.
1. “In most countries red stands for danger.” Said Mr. Jackson.
2. “You must leave a message for your mother.” Said Tom.
3. “Are you being attended to, sir?” He asked.
4. “Shall I carry your bag for you?” Mary asked.
5. “Do you know her name?” My friend Jack asked me.
6. “Where is the nearest hospital?” John asked.
7. “Don't look out of the window when you have classes.” Our teacher told us.
8. “Make good use of your time.” Mr. Li advised.
9. He asked Li Ying “Were you watching TV at this time yesterday?”
10. He asked me, “When did you see the film?”
II. Please change the following sentences from indirect speech into direct speech.
11. Betty asked me if I had been at home the day before.
Betty asked me，“___ ___ at home ___?”
12. She said that she had been back for a week.
She said，“___ ___ ___ for a week.”
13. Mr. Smith said that John had told him all about it three weeks before.
Mr. Smith said，“John ___ ___ all about it three weeks ___.”
14. The teacher asked his student why she had made so many mistakes in the test that time. The teacher asked his student，“Why __ __ __ so many mistakes in the test __ time?”
15. The teacher asked us whether we were ready.
The teacher asked us，“___ ___ ___?”
16. The teacher told her not to be late any more. The teacher ___ ___ her，“___ ___ late any more!” 17. My doctor told me not to read in bed. My doctor ___ ___ me，“___ ___ in bed.”
18. Liu Ying told me that she would help me with my English.
Liu Ying said to me，“___ ___ help ___ with ___ English.”
19. Do you know what factory his father works in?
What factory ___ his father ___ in? Do you know?
20. The monitor told us that we were going to have a meeting the next day.
The monitor said, “We ___ ___ to have a meeting ___.”
Man has always wanted to fly. Some of the greatest men in history have thought about the problem. One of these, for example, was the great Italian artist, Leonardo da Vinci. In the sixteenth century he made designs for machines that would fly. Among these designs there was actually one for a helicopter. There was also another one for a parachute (降落伞). But these things were all designs. They were never built.
Throughout history, other less famous men have wanted to fly. A typical example was a man in England 800 years ago. He made a pair of wings from chicken feathers. Then he fixed them to his shoulders and jumped into the air from a tall building. He did not fly very far. Instead, he fell to the ground and broke every bone in his body,
The first real steps took place in France, in 1783. Two brothers, the Montgolfiers, made a very large
21. In the sixteenth century, __________ was built to help fly in the sky.
A. a helicopter B. parachute C. designs for machines D. nothing
22. The man with a pair of wings from chicken feathers _________.
A. flew very far B. flew a short distance C. realized his dream
D. fell to the ground and died
23. The “hot air balloon”could fly because __________. A. hot air rises B. it is made of cloth and paper C. there's a balloon with it D. it's very large 24. On 21 November, Pilatre de Rozier and the Marquis a Arlande rose above Paris _______. A. in the same balloon as a sheep，a chicken and a duck were once in
B. in a completely different balloon C. in another “hot air balloon”
D. in a helicopter
25. The best title for this passage is “_____________”.
A. Two Brothers，The Montgolgiers
B. Hot Air Balloons And Wings Made From Chicken Feathers
C. Designs For Machines That Would Fly
D. Trip In Hot Air Balloon
1. She said she was having a s_________ party for Lana.
2. Sally borrowed my jacket, but she didn’t r________ it to me.
3. I think I’ll do b________ than last year.
4. Don’t c______ others’ homework. You should do it yourself.
5. Please give your r_______ card to your parents.
be mad at be supposed to in good health pass... message do well in
have a favor get over surprise party
1. She said she was having a _____ _______ for Mary on Saturday evening.
2. The old man _____ ______ ______ his son.
3. By the way, ______ this _____ to others.
4. We _____ ______ _____ finish the work this morning.
5. I _____ ______ _______ maths than English.
6. Grandpa was ill. We hope he is ____ _____ ______.
7. I’m sure she would _____ _______ any difficulty.
8. I _____ _______ ______ to ask you. Can I borrow your pen?
( )1. I ________ he ________ go there by himself.
A. think; won’t B. don’t think; will
C. don’t think; is D. think; isn’t going to
( )2. Lana said that she wasn't mad _________ Marcia anymore.
A. to B. at C. for D. on
( )3. Do you think _________ an English film tomorrow night?
A. is there B. there is going to be
C. there is going to have D. will there be
( )4. You are _________ to return the book to the library in two weeks.
A. supposed B. wanted C. shouted D. thought
( )5. I am always _________ to speak in the front of the classroom.
A. disappointing B. scared C. surprised D. nervous
( )6. Do you think it is difficult _________?
A. study English well B. studies English well
C. studying English well D. to study English well
( )7. She told us things there were ________ better than before.
A. more B. much C. very D. nice
( )8. I don't think it's good to copy other's homework. You should _________ it.
A. get over B. get on C. get up D. get off
( )9. Could you ________ me how to ________ it in Chinese?
A. say; speak B. speak; say C. tell; say D. say; tell
( )10. What happened ________ “Young Lives” last night?
A. on B. in C. to
( )11. I finished my ________ exam last week. D. of
A. end of year B. end of year’s
C. end-of year’s D. end-of-year
( )12. I’m at Mary’s house ________ a homework project.
A. work on B. working on C. work D. working
( )13. TV and computers can _________ our eyes to the outside world.
A. start with B. open up C. turn up D. take up
( )14. She will go to Marcia's house _________ Friday night.
A. at B. in C. for D. on
( )15. I hope you are ______ good health.
A. in B. on C. with D. for
1. I’m good at speaking Japanese.
I can ______ ______ ______ speaking Japanese.
2. He is very well.
He is ______ ______ _______.
3. Don’t be angry with your son. I think he can do better next time.
Don’t ______ ______ ______ your son. I think he can do better next time.
4. Lana said to us, “ I’m happy to see you again.”
Lana ______ us _______ _______ happy to see _______ again.
5. “You are like big brothers or sisters to us.” they said to us.
They said to us ______ ______ like big brothers or sisters to _______.
6. “Can I copy your homework?” he asked me.
He asked me ______ ______ ______ copy ______ homework.
7. Mary asked Ann, “ Why are you so excited?”
Mary asked Ann ______ ______ ______ so excited.
8. My sister said to me “I’m going to help you. ”（同义句）
My sister _____ me that _______ _____ going to help ________.
What _____ _____ ______?
Have you ever asked yourself why children go to school? You may they go to learn languages, P.E., history, science and all other . But why do they learn these things?
We send our children to school to prepare them for the time they will be big and will begin to work for . Nearly everything they study at school has some practical use in their life. But is that the 5 reason why they go to school?
There is more in education than just 6 facts. We go to school above all to learn how to learn, so that then we have left school we can to learn. A man who really knows how to learn will always be successful, because whenever he has to do something new which he has never had to do he will rapidly teach himself how to do it the best way. The uneducated person, on the other hand, is unable to do something new, or does it badly. The purpose of school, therefore, it not to teach languages, math, geography, etc, but to teach pupils the way to learn.
( ) 1. A. speak
( ) 2. A. matters
( ) 3. A. while
( ) 4. A. oneself
( ) 5. A. only
( ) 6. A. study
( ) 7. A. make
( ) 8. A. later
( ) 9. A. from
( ) 10. A. either
六 、阅读理解： B. tell C. say D. talk B. subjects C. math D. physics B. when C. which D. where B. they C. them B. nearly C . lone D. themselves D. alone B. studied C. learning D. learn B. keep C. keep on D. go on B. ago B. in C. then C. with D. / D. on D. nor B. neither C. other
The sea looks very beautiful when the sun is shining on it. But people
are afraid of it when there is a strong wind.
The sea is very big. It covers （覆盖）three quarters of the earth. The sea is also very deep （深）in some places. There is one place in the sea. It is about 11 kilometers deep there. The highest mountain （由）in the world is about 9 kilometers high. If we put the mountain into the sea at that place, there is about 2 kilometers of water above it.
In most parts of the sea, there are a lot of fishes and small living （有生命的）things. Lots of fishes eat them.
The sea can be very cold. When people go down, the sea becomes colder and colder. Only some men can go down into the deep sea. But in 1970, five women lived in the deep sea for fourteen days.
1. Why are people afraid of the sea?
A. Because the sea is very big.
B. Because the sea is very deep.
C. Because there is a strong wind sometimes.
D. Because the sea will cover the land.
2. Lots of fishes ______.
A. don’t come out of the sea because it’s too hot
B. can’t live in the deep sea
C. have enough food because they are good at fishing
D. can eat the small living things if they’re hungry
3. In 1970, five women lived in the deep sea for 14 days. This showed ______.
A. living in the deep sea was interesting
B. the sea was not cold at all
C. women could do things as men
D. people wanted to know how cold it was
4. Which of the following is NOT true?
A. The sea sometimes is very beautiful.
B. Only a quarter of the earth is land.
C. There are a lot of fishes in the sea.
D. If people go down into the sea, they will feel warmer and warmer.
A city is a very big place. Sometimes it’s a lonely place, too. There are thousands of people in a city, but some of them don’t have any friends.
How about you? Do you have a lot of friends? If you don’ t, make friends today. If you do, make another friend today.
Pick a stranger at your job or school. Walk up to him or her and say, “Hello. My name’ s....What’ s your name?” Start with a conversation(谈话).Smile, listen carefully, and show interest in your new friend’ s answers. Ask “Where are you from?” and “Do you like this city?” That’ s a good way to start.
1. A city is a very big and noisy and lonely place.
2. Everyone in the city has many friends.
3. The paragraph tells us not to make friends in a city.
4. When you wanted to make friends with someone, please say at first, “What’ s your name? How old are you?”
5. It’ s a good thing to make friends with others.
Name: Jack，Class: Class 2, Grade 1 Math: hard-working
Spanish: good at speaking History: can do better
Chinese: so-so Science: lazy student
Geography: do well in writing
I got my report card yesterday. I did OK in some subjects. My math teacher said ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Matter n. 事情，问题 sore adj.疼痛的，酸痛的 stomachache n. 胃痛，腹痛
Neck n. 颈；脖子 stomach n. 胃，腹部 throat n. 喉咙，咽喉
Fever n . 发烧 cough n. 咳嗽 toothache n. 牙痛
Headache n . 头痛 hurt v. 疼痛，受伤 passenger n. 乘客，旅客
Bandage v. 用绷带包扎 nosebleed n. 鼻出血 breathe V. 呼吸
Sunburned adj. 晒伤的 climber n. 登山者 risk 危险，风险
Accident n. (交通) 事故，意外事故 situation n. 情景， 状态 knife n. 刀 Blood n. 血 importance n. 重要性，重要 decision . 决定，抉择
Spirit n. 勇气，意志 death n. 死，死亡 nurse n. 护士 重点短语
What’s the matter with you ? = What’s wrong with you ? = What’s the trouble with you ?
Sore throat 喉咙痛 have a stomachache 胃痛 take one’s temperature 量体温
See the dentist 看牙医 have a fever 发烧 have a headache 头痛
Go along 沿着… 走 get off 下车 wait for 等待
To one’s surprise 令某人吃惊 thanks to 由于 in time 及时
Think about 考虑 agree to do sth 同义做某事 have a nosebleed 流鼻血
Fall down 摔倒 be interested in 对…..感兴趣 be used to doing sth 习惯于…
Take risks (take a risk )冒险 one of + n复数 、、、、之一 run out (of ) 用尽；耗尽
Cut off 切除 get out of 离开，从……出来 be in control of 掌握，管理
Make a decision 做决定 keep on doing sth 持续做某事 give up 放弃
Have trouble (in)doing sth 做某事有困难 expect sb to do sth 期望某人做某事
1)He expected most or all of the passengers to get off and wait for the next bus
这个句子理解的时候主要要求掌握几个短语。 期望某人做某事“expect sb to do sth ” get off “下车”
wait for “等待”
例子：I expect Tom to be a skilled worker 我期望汤姆做个技术工人
练习：1.—You look sad. What has happened ?
—Everyone _______ us to win the math, but we lost.
A. expects B. expected C. hopes D. hoped
2)But to his surprise , they all agreed to go with him 但是令他惊讶的是，他们都同意和他一
Surprise 是名词， 表示“惊讶”时， 是不可数名词。 常用短语：in surprise 惊讶地；
to one’s surprise 使….惊讶的。 表示“令人惊讶的事/意外之事”时， 是可数名词。 Surprise 还可以作及物动词， 意思是“使…惊讶
，常用短语 surprise sb .
例子： It was a great surprise to learn of her marriage. 得知她结婚是一件十分令人惊喜的事。 Surprised 为形容词， 意思是“感到惊讶的” surprising 也是形容词， 意思是“令人感到
To one’s surprise 与in surprise 的区别
To one’s surprise “使。。感到惊讶的”，常位于句首，做状语， 表示行为的结果。
例子：To our surprise , the door was unlocked . 令我们吃惊的是门没有锁。
In surprise “惊奇地”常位于动词之后做状语。 表示方式。
例子： John looked at me in surprise 约翰惊奇的望着我。
3）Do you agree that people often do not help others because they do not want to get into trouble ?
Trouble 是名词， 意为“烦恼，苦恼，问题”， 通常是不可数名词， 使用时注意以下
1. have trouble (in) doing sth 表示“做某事有困难”， 其中的介词in在口语中通常可以
例子： We had on trouble (in)finding his office 我们没费吹灰之力就找到了他的办公室。
2. have trouble with 表示“有….毛病；同…. 闹纠纷
例子： He is having trouble with teeth . 他正牙痛
3.get into trouble 是固定短语， 意为“陷入困境； 造成麻烦
例子： He’s always getting into trouble (with the teacher). 他老闯祸（给老师惹麻烦）
4） As a mountain climber, Aron is used to taking risks. 作为一个登山者， 阿伦习惯于冒
1. be used to 为“习惯于。。。。;适应于。。。”， 后常接动词、代词或现在分词。
be used to doing sth .表示”习惯于做某事”. be used to do sth 表示“…… 被用来做某
例子： I am used t o eating rice now. 我现在习惯吃大米。
The knife can used to cut meat 这把刀能用来切肉。
Take risks “冒险” 相当于 take a risk
例子： We do not expect untrained people to take risks . 我们不主张未受过训练的人员去冒
5) On April 26, 2003, he found himself in a very dangerous situation when climbing in Utah. 在2003年4月26日，当他在尤他州爬山时发现自己处在一个很危险的状况里。
Situation 是名词， 意为“位置；形势；情况”多指国家的政治局势、经济状态等， 是
可数名词。 其形容词是situational, 意为“环境形成的”。
例子： This situation is unfavourable for us 这样的情况对我们来说是不利的。
6）On that day , Aron’s arm was caught under a 2, 000-kilo rock that fell on him when he was climbing by himself in the mountains. 那天，当他独自在山上攀登的时候，阿伦的胳膊
2,000-kilo 是由连字符和其他名词构成的名词性短语， 当他做定语的时候，该名词只能
例子：She is a 6-year-old girl . 她是一个六岁大的女孩。= she is a 6 years old girl
7) But when his water ran out , he knew that he would have to do something to save his own life.
1.run out of “用尽，耗完” 例如： I have run out of notepaper 我们已用完了信纸
They have run out of their food 他们的食物已经用完
2. have to do something “一定要做点什么； 和…..有关”
例如：You have to do something about your text 你必须为你的考试做些什么了。
8） Then ,with his left arm , he bandaged himself so that he would not lose too much blood
too much “太多，太过于”，做定语，还可以单独用作主语、表语、状
语等，， too 是副词， much 是形容词， 意为“许多的，大量的”
例子： I have too much homework to do 我有太多的家庭作业要做
There is too much water in the glasses 杯子里有太多的水
由此我们可以回忆一下之前我们学习过的 much too 是什么意思呢？
much too 是“太、非常”的意思，其实much在这里表示“大”的意思，是用来加强too 的
例子：You’re much too fat 你太胖了
以前我们还学过too many 的用法，他是用来修饰可数名词的复数的。 这个短语的中心词是
many ,too 只是用来修饰many
例子： There are too many apples in the basket 在篮子里有太多的苹果。
练习：1. — look ! There is a big river , Let’s swim in it !
— No， I think it’s _____ dangerous
A. much too B. too much C. too many D.
2.— Why are you so tired these days ?
— Well , I have _______ work to do
A. too much B. too many C. much too D.
9) In this book , Aron tells of the importance of making good decision , and of being in control of one’s life .在这本书中阿伦讲述了做出重要选择的重要性，以及掌握自己生命的
1. importance 是不可数名词， 意为“重要性，重要“，其形容词是 important “重要
例子： This matter is of vital importance to us 这件事对我们来说至关重要。
2. decision 是名词 ，意为“决定，抉择“。 decision 经常与make , reach, arrive at , give ,
come to 等词连用（但不可用do）均表示”作出决定”
例子： We can’t make a decision without our chairman. 主席不在场，我们不能做决定。
decision about 关于。。。的决定 decision on 关于。。。的决
come to a decision 决定下来 give a decision 做出决定
make a decision 做决定 reach a decision 达成协议
wrong decision 错误的决定
3. control 做名词， 意为 “掌握，控制“常用短语”be in control of ”
例子： They were in complete control of the situation 他们完全掌握了局势。
10) Aron did not give up after the accident and keeps on climbing mountains
1. give up 是动词短语， 意为“放弃“， 指行为或努力受挫或被的原因而主动放弃，
可用作及物动词，跟名词或V.-ing 做宾语 。 也可做不及物动词。
例子： You ought to give up smoking , I gave up last year 你应该戒烟， 我去年就戒
练习：1. It was a difficult time for the quake-hit victims(牺牲者，受害者) in Ya’an, but they
didn’t _______ hope .
A. give up B. give off C. give in
D. give out
2.I feel it hard to keep up with my classmates in study and sometimes I lose heart . But
whenever(不管什么时候) I want to ____， my teacher always encourage me to work harder .
A. go on B. run away C. give up
D. look out
2. keep on 意为“ 反复的做“， 继续进行。 常用句型是keep on doing sth 意为”继续
例子： She kept on working although she was tired . 她虽然很疲惫但任继续工作
Keep on with 后可加名词或代词， 意为“继续……“
例子： Keep on with your training 继续你的练习吧！
医生询问病情的常用句式有： What’s wrong with you ? /What’s the matter with you ? / What’s your trouble ?你怎么了？/ 你那里不舒服？
拓展： What’s the matter… ? 还可以用来询问某人遇到什么麻烦。 如：
— What’s the matter with you ? 你怎么了？
— I lost my money . 我丢了一些钱。
1在英语中，表达“疼痛或不舒服“时 常用的几个词有 ache , sore , pain 和hurt 等。 其用法总结如下 ：
（1）“主语+ have/has +a + 病症“，如 Jim has a cold 吉姆 患了重感冒
（2）“主语+ have/has +a + sore + 发病部位“ 。 sore 为形容词， 故放在表示身
体部位的名词前面，构成名词性短语。如：I had a sore throat last week
（3）.“主语+have /has + a + 部位+ ache “. ache 为名词，也可作后缀， 常与
表示身体部位的名词合成另外一个新词， 表示身体某部位疼痛。 如：She has a toothache. 他牙痛
（4）“部位+hurt(s)“. hurt 用作动词， 意为”疼，痛“，其过去式仍为hurt ，
表达某一具体位置的疼痛。如： My heads hurt badly 我头疼的厉害
（5）“(There is) something wrong with one’s +部位“ 意为：”某人…. 不舒服/
出了毛病“ 如： I can’t see anything , I think there must be something wrong with my eyes . 我什么也看不见，我想我的眼睛一定出毛病了。
练习：1. —What’s the matter _____ you ?
— I have a toothache
A. with B. for C. at
2. — ________
— I have a headache .
A. What’s the matter , Judy ? B. Where are you , Judy ?
C. Who are you ? D. What are you doing , Judy ?
3. — What’s the matter with you ?
A I’m glad B. I have a cold C. I have something to do
D. Sorry , I don’t know
例如：You should help your mother with the housework 你应该帮助你妈妈做家务。
Should 用在否定句中时， 直接在后面加not 可缩写成shouldn’t ,用于疑问句是，将should 移至句首即可。 谓语动词即为原形。
You should finish homework first .
You shouldn’t finish homework first
— Should you finish homework first ?
— Yes , I should No, I shouldn’t
练习：1. We should help him with English (变为否定句)
We should _______ help him with English .
________ _________ I _________ ?
You should drink lots of water . 你应该喝大量的水。
Fall down 和 fall off 的区别
Fall down 强调的是滑倒，倒下。 后接宾语时应加上介词from .
例子： The boy hit the tree so hard that he fell down 男孩重重的撞在树上， 结果摔倒了。 Fall off 强调的是“跌落，从…. 掉下来 ” ，后直接接宾语， off 为介词或副词。 例子： The girl is falling off the bike = The girl is falling down from the bike 女孩正从自行车上摔下来
练习： 老妇跌倒在大街上， 摔坏了腿。 （将句子补充完整）
The old lady ________ _________ in the street and broke her leg
1.反身代词意为“.….自己”反身代词的构成是在物主代词（my our your）以及人称代词（it， him， her ,them）后加self(单数) 或selves (复数) 反身代词不能用作主语。 反身代词做宾语时常与 buy , enjoy , hurt, teach, wash, look after
例子：Mr smith bought himself many good things . 史密斯先生给自己买了很多好东西 反身代词还可以用来加强语气，译为“自己；本人”，如：
练习：1.— I’ll have a tennis game tomorrow . I’m a little bit nervous .
— Believe in _______ . You’re the best in our club
A. herself B. myself C. yourself D. himself
2. We bought _______ a present , but _______ didn’t like it .
A. they, them B. them, they C. themselves, their D. theirs, they
1.— Is that car yours ?
— Yes , it is _______
2. I am sure I can do it all by ________
3. Look , is this room beautiful ? I painted it ________
4. — I’d like to go for a walk .
— ______ too.
5. His father hopes we can enjoy ______ at the party
6. His mother is waiting for _________ outside
7. Mary is old enough to take care of _______
8. It is a model plane , I made it ________
9. Look at _________ . She is every well .
10. Can you carry this box upstairs by ________ ?
To one’s surprise in surprise 的区别
To one’s surprise 意为“使…感到惊讶的，出乎….意料”常位于句首，做状语， 表示行为的结果。
例子：To my surprise , the door was unlocked . 令我吃惊的是， 门没有锁。
In surprise 译为“惊奇地”常位于动词之后做状语， 表示方式
例子： John looked at me in surprise . 约翰惊奇的望着我。
1. If you have a toothache, you should see a __________ .
A. policeman B. teacher C. nurse Ｄ． dentist
2.— What’s the matter with you ?
— ____________ .
A. I’m glad B. I have a cold C. I have something to do D. Sorry , I don’t know
3. Mr. More has more money than Mr. Little . But he doesn’t enjoy ________ .
A. he B. him C. his D. himself
4. Lily was 9 years old . ________ was old enough to go to school _________ .
A. She, she B. She , herself C. Her, herself D. Her, she
5. — Who taught you English last year ?
— Nobody taught me . I taught __________.
A. me B. myself C. mine D. I
6. We bought _________ a present , but _______ didn’t like it .
A. they, them B. them , they C. themselves, their D. theirs, they
1. — Is that car yours ?
— Yes, it is _________.
2. I am sure I can do it all by _______.
3. Look ,is this room beautiful ? I painted it _________ .
4. — I’d like to go for a walk.
— ________ too.
5. His mother is waiting for __________ outside .
6. My mother is waiting for __________ outside.
7. Mary is old enough to take care of _______.
8. It is a model plane, I made it __________
9. Look at ________. She is very well .
10. Can you carry this box upstairs by _________ ?