八年级下册英语提纲

八年级下册英语提纲

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【优秀范文】八年级下册英语提纲

范文一:八年级下册英语提纲

八年级下册英语提纲

Unit 1

Section

课堂讲解

What’s the matter?有什么事么? =what’s the trouble? =what’s wrong? =what’s the problem? =what’s up

其后都可加with sb.

What should I do? You should +V原形

Take one’s temperature量某人的体温

Away from远离

See sb. doing sth 看到某人做某事

See sb. do sth看到某人做某事的全过程

Without thinking twice毫不犹豫

Take sb. to +地点 带某人去某地

Expect to do 期望做某事

Agree to do 同意做某事

Go with sb. 和某人去

Be in trouble 处于困境之中

Get into trouble 陷入困境;惹麻烦

Have trouble (in) doing sth. 做某事有困难

Have trouble with +n. 做某事有麻烦

Think about oneself 考虑某人

全解点拨

be + adj. + Enough + to do 不能足够„„;不能做某事

need为实意动词时,后面可接名词,代词,动名词以及to do不定式 Sth. Happens to sb/sth.某人或某物发生某事

Sb. Happens to do sth.某人碰巧做了某事

It happens + that碰巧发生了„„

To one’s surprise 使某人惊讶的是

第一线复习

1. see, hear, watch等感官动词后可以接动名词作宾语补足语,表示“正在发生的动作”。

Eg:I hear someone singing in the next room.

这些感官动词后面也可以接动词原形,表示“动作发生的全过程” Eg: I want to hear you play the piece.

2. shouting for help 是现代分词短语,作“伴随”状语。表示和谓语同时发生的动作。

Eg:He stood there, think for a few minutes.

复习巩固

1. ---___________________?

---He’s a headache. A. What’s the matter B. What’s the wrong

C. What’s trouble D. What’s the matter with he

2. Jenny used to talk ________.

A. too many B. too much

C. much too D. many too

3. You should drink some hot tea _________honey.

A. has B. have C. with D. there’s

4. Jack got _______X-ray yesterday.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

5. My head ________.

A. sores B. hot C. hurts D. is headache

6. He stopped when he saw an old man ________on the side of the road.

A. lie B. lying C. lied D. to lie

7. ________the doctor, the boy was saved.

A. Thanks B. Thanks to C. Thank for D. Because

8. I think you _________to go to the hospital.

A. should B. could C. need D. must

9. ---Should we go to the doctor? ---No, you _________.

A. shouldn’t B. can’t C. mustn’t D. couldn’t

10. Jack hurt himself _________.

A. run B. running C. ran D. to run

11. We have problems ________under the water.

A. breathe B. breathing

C. to breathe D. breathed

12. The _______man is still ________.

A. sick, sicked B. sick, ill C. ill, sick D. ill, ill

13. I saw the man get ________the bus just now.

A. out B. out of C. off D. into

14. His head ________very hot.

A. is B. feels C. looks D. touches

15. His foot was hurt and he had to give up _______soccer.

A. play B. to play C. playing D. played

16. They sent the man to the hospital ________.

A. in time B. on time C. for time D. at times

17. Jack agreed ________to Wuhan with us.

A. go B. going C. to go D. went

18. Don’t worry. We are ________control of everything.

A. in B. in the C. under D. under the

19. ______________?

---I cut myself just now.

---You should put some medicine on it.

A. What’s wrong B. What’s the matter

C. What should I do D. What should you do

20. Jack used to _______up early, but now he is used to _______up late.

A. get, get B. get, getting

C. getting, get D. getting, getting

范文二:2014年春八年级英语下册Unit6-10复习提纲

Unit 6 An old man tried to move the mountains 一、重点短语

1. work on doing sth. 致力于做某事 2. as soon as ...... 一……就….... 3. once upon a time 从前

4. continue to do sth. 继续做某事 如此… …以至于… *

5. make sth. happen 使某事发生 6.try to do sth. 试图做某事 7. the journey to sp. ......之旅 8. tell the/a story 讲故事 9. put on 穿上

10. a little b it 有点儿

11. keep doing sth. 坚持做某事 12. give up 放弃

13. instead of 代替;反而 14. turn .. . into 变成 15. get married 结婚

16. the main character 主要人物;主人公 17. at other times 在另外一些时候 18. be able to 能;会

19. come out (书、电影等)出版 20. become interested in… 对……感兴趣

21. walk to the other side 走到另一边去 22. a fairy tale 一个神话故事

23. the rest of the story 故事的其余部分 24. leave sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事

25. make a plan to do sth. 筹划/计划做某事 26. go to sleep 去睡觉

27. lead sb. to sp. 把某人领到某地 28. get lost 迷路

29. change one’s plan 改变计划 30. tell sb. to do sth. 叫某人做某事 31. in the moonlight 在月光下

32. find one’ s way home 找到某人回家的路 33. the next day 第二天

34. send sb. to sp. 派某人去某地 二、重点句型

1. W hat do you think about/of.. . ?

So what do you think about the story of Yu Gong?

你觉得愚公的故事怎么样?

2. It doesn’ t seem adj . to do sth ..

I t doesn’ t seem very possible to move -a mountain.

把一座山给移掉好像不太可能。 3. This is because...

This is because he can make 72 changes to his shape and size, turning himself into different animals and objects.

这是因为他会根据他的形状和大小,做出72种变化,可以将自己变成不同的动物或东西。 4. … so… th a t+从句

Sometimes he can make the stick so small that he can keep it in his ear.

有时候,他能够让他的金箍棒变得很小,以至于可以放在耳朵里。

5. It take sb. some time to do sth ..

Because they were so big that it took a long time to walk to the other side. 新- 课- 标-第 -一- 网 这些(山)太高了,他们要花好长时间才能翻越过去。

6 . … not.. .. util十从句

Don’ t eat it until you get to the forest. 你们到达森林之后才能吃。

第六单元书面表达

★为了进一步增强中学生的安全意识,提高自我保护能力,某校开展了以安全为主题的英语演讲比赛。请你根据以下要点提示写一篇演讲稿。

注意:1)内容必须包括所给的要点,可适当发挥;2)语句通顺,意思连贯,表达清楚,书写规范;3) 80词左右, 开头已给出,不计入总词数;4)参考词汇:be careful, on line, in danger, call...for, go bad

★As teenagers, we should always keep ourselves safe.. But how can we keep safe? Here are some of my ideas. First, we should be careful when we make friends, especially on line. Second, if we are in danger, we must call the police for help in time so that we can keep ourselves safe. Also,we should eat healthily and safely. Eating bad food will not good to our health. Last, when we come to school or go home, we must obey the traffic rules.Summer is coming, and we must remember it's dangerous

to swim in the river.

In one word, safety must be the first thing !Thank you!

7 W hat’s the highest mountain in 1. as big as 与……一样大

2. one of the oldest countries 最古老的国家之一

3. feel free to do sth随意地做某事 4. as far as I know 据我所知 5. man-made objects 人造物体 6. part of... ...... 的组成部分 7. the highest mountain 最高的山脉 8. in the world 在世界上

9. any other mountain 其他任何一座山 10. of all the salt lakes 在所有的咸水湖中 11. run along 跨越… … 12. freezing weather冰冻的天气 13. take in air 呼吸空气

14. the first people to do sth. 第一个做某事的人

15. in the face of difficulties 面临危险 16. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 17. achieve one’ s dream 实现某人的梦想 18. the forces of nature 自然界的力量 19. reach the top 到达顶峰 20. even though 虽然;尽管 21. at birth 出生时 22. be awake 醒着

23. run over with excitement 兴奋地跑过去 24. walk into sb. 撞到某人

25. fall over 摔倒 26. take care of 照顾;照料 27. every two years •每两年 28. cut down the forests 砍伐林木 29. endangered animals濒危动物

30. fewer and fewer pandas 大熊猫越来越少 31. be in danger 处于危险之中

32. the importance of saving these animals

拯救这些动物的重要性 1. It is -\~adj. + (fo r sb. ) to do sth.

It is also very hard to take in air as you get near the top.

当你接近山顶时,连呼吸都会困难。 2. . . . is because...

One of the main reasons is because people want to

challenge themselves in the face of difficulties. 其中的一个主要的原因是人们想要在面临困难时挑战自己。 3. . . . show(s) that...

The spirit of these climbers shows us that weshould never

give up tryin g to achieve our dreams. 这些登山者的精神向我们证明:我们永远都不应

该放弃实现自己的梦想。 4. How high/ deep/. . . is ... ? How high is Qomolangma? 珠穆朗玛峰有多高? 5. Although. “ ,…

Although Japan is older than Canada,it is much smaller.

虽然日本比加拿大有更悠久的历史,但是日本比加拿大小多了。

6. sb. spend tim e/money doing sth.

Adult pandas spend more than 12 hours a day eating

about 10 kilos of bamboo.

成年大熊猫一天要花1 2 个多小时的时间吃大约

书面表达

★我国是大熊猫生存的唯一之地, 然而他们正面临灭绝的危险。你认为我们该采取哪些措施来保护他们。写一篇70词左右的短文表达你的

hunt 猎杀

What can we do to protect The Pandas? ★The Pandas live only in China. However they are endangered animals. One of reasons is people are cutting down many trees to build their houses. And the bamboo is becoming less and less. another reason is people have hunted a lot of pandas for their fur. I think we should do something to protect The Pandas. for example.we should we should set up Nature Reserve. We should not buy fur clothes If we can do these ,I think The pandas will be more and more.

Treasure Island 1. on page 25 在第2 5 页 2. the back of the book 书的背面 3. hurry up 赶快;匆忙 4. in two weeks 在两周之内 5. go out to sea 出海 6. an island fu ll of treasures 一个满是宝藏的岛屿

7. write about 写作关于……的内容 8. finish doing sth. 做完某事

9. wait for another ship 等待另一艘船到来 10. learn to do sth. 学会做某事

11. grow fru its and vegetables 种水果和蔬菜 12. a few weeks ago 几个星期前 13. the marks of another man’ s feet 另一个人的脚印

14. not long after that 不久之后 15. run towards sp. 跑向某地 16. use... to do sth. 用……来做某事

17. signs left behind by someone 某人留下的标记

18. read the newspaper 看报 19. science fiction 科幻小说

20. can’ t wait to do sth. 迫不及待地做某事 21. a good way to wake up 醒来的一个好办法 22. the number of people 人数 23. used to do sth. (过去)常常做某事 24. study abroad 在国外学习 25. make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 26. come to realize 开始意识到 27. ever since then 自从那时起

28. the southern states of America 美国的南部地区 29. belong to 属于

30 be kind to each other善待彼此 31. trust one another 互相信任

32. the beauty of nature 大自然的美

5. . . . came to realize how m uch... She came to realize how much she actually missed all of them.

她开始意识到,事实上她是多么想念他们所有的人。

书面表达

★.请以主人的身份向外国朋友介绍一下北京和北京几个著名的景点。根据以下提示写一篇短文:

1.北京是一个历史悠久的城市; 2.北京有许多名胜古迹;(.There are many places of interest in……) 3.紫禁城是最受来宾欢迎的景点之一; 4.故宫非常漂亮和著名;5.长城也是很美丽值得看的地方;

6.天安门广场是一个好去处,可去漫步。注意:(1)词数80左右;

(2)请不要逐字翻译,可适当添加

细节,使行文连贯、意思完整、符合逻辑;

(3)参考词汇:紫禁城 The Forbidden City,故宫 The Summer Palace,天安门广场 Tian’anmen Square

★Beijing is a city with a long history. There are many places of interest in it. Now let me tell (紫禁城)is one of the most popular places for visitors. It is very big and you can learn much about the history of China from it. The Summer Palace is beautiful and famous, too. The Great Wall is also a wonderful place to go. And Tian’anmen Square is a good place for people to take a walk. If you visit Beijing, you will enjoy yourself. 1. at night在夜晚

2. in a more natural environment在一个更加

自然的环境中

3. all year round一年到头;终年 4. be far from 离……远

33. have been to sp. 去过某地

34. do some research on sth. 对……做研究 35. hope to do sth. 希望做某事 36. see sb. do sth.看到某人做某事 37. the first line in the song歌曲的第一行 38. enjoy success in享受…的成功 39. at the end of the day傍晚时候

二、重点句型 1. Have you….. yet?

— Have you read Little Women yet? 你读过《小妇人》吗? — Yes,I have. /N o , I haven’ t. 是的,我读过。/ 不,我没有。 2. Has... yet?

— Has Tina read Treasure Island yet? 蒂娜读过《金银岛》这本书吗? — Yes, she has. She thinks i t ’ s fantastic. 是的,她读过。她觉得它很棒。 3. Would you like ... ?

Would you like something to drink? 你要来点喝的吗? 4. I heard...

I heard you lost your key. 我听说你丢钥匙了。

5. in the dark 在黑暗中 6. in the past 在过去

7. have been to sp. 去过某地 8. science museum 科学博物馆 9. history museum 历史博物馆 10. amusement park 游乐园 11. go somewhere different 去不同的地方

12. go skating 去滑冰

13. take the subway 坐地铁

14. a great way to spend a Saturday afternoon 一个过周六下午的好方法

15. all the old movie cameras所有的古老的电

影摄影机

16. learn about sth.了解有关。。。。的情况 17. on the weekend 在周末

18. camp in the mountains 在大山里露营 19. put up a tent搭帐篷

20. in such a rapid way 以如此迅猛的方式 21. different kinds of各种各样的

22. development of toilets 厕所的发展 23. social groups 社会团体

24. the tea art performances茶艺表演

25. make a perfect cup of tea with beautiful tea

sets用漂亮的茶具沏一杯完美的茶

26. a nice place to enjoy tea 一个品茶的好地

27. thousands of 数以千计的

28. International Museum of Toilets国际厕所

博物馆

29. the Terracotta Army 兵马俑 30. Southeast Asia东南亚 31. Night Safari 夜间动物园 32. three quarters 四分之三

33. an English-speaking country一个讲英语的

国家

34. have problem(in) doing sth. 做某事很困

35. during the daytime在白天 36. a couple of times 好几次 37. right now 现在;目前

38. an amusement park with a special theme 一个有特别的主题的游乐园

39. walk around the park 在公园里到处走 40. hear of 听说 41. take a ride兜风

42. another province另一个省 43. the Bird’s Nest鸟巢 44. encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事 45. on the one hand... on the other hand.一方

面,另一方面 1. Have you ever been to... ?

Have you ever been to a science museum? 你曾经去过科学博物馆吗? 2. Let’s…

Let’s go somewhere different today. 我们今天去个不同的地方吧。 3. It’s~\~adj. +that...

It’s unbelievable that technology has progressed in such a rapid way!

科技以如此迅猛的方式发展真是令人难以置信啊!

4. Whether... , you,11...

Whether you like Indian food,Western food or Japanese food, you’ll find it all in Singapore! 不管你喜欢印度食品、西方食品还是日本食品,在新加坡你都能找到!

5. One great thing… is that…

One great thing about Singapore is that the temperature is almost the same all year round. 新加坡一个很大的特征是它的气温几乎一年到头都是一样的。 It is best to do sth..

It is best to visit Singapore... 最好……游览新加坡。

书面表达

★写作要求:写一篇80字文章描述你的家乡或者你去过的地方。 1. 词数80左右; 2.文中不能出现作者本人的真实信息

3. 你可运用的句型:

Have you ever tried/seen/been…? If you…, you will/can… You should… One great thing about …is…

★I have ever been to Hainan Island.I went there last summer.Have you ever been to Hainan Island? It is the second largest island in China. It’s a beautiful place. If you go there, you should walk along the beaches. The weather in Hainan is very hot, so people like doing many water sports, such as scuba diving

(潜水), fishing, swimming, surfing and boating. One great thing about Hainan is that you can try many kinds of sweet fruit in Hainan. If you go to Hainan, I’m sure you will enjoy yourself.

I ’ve had this bike for three years.1. these days 目前;现在

2. regard with great interest 以极大的兴趣关

注着

3. in order to 为了

4. so far 迄今;到现在为止

5. people in need 需要帮助的人 6. not.. anymore 不再……

7. welcome to sp_ 欢迎来到 … 8. check out 察看;观察 9. board games 棋类游戏

10. one last thing 最后一样东西 11. junior high school初级中学 12. clear out 清理

13. no longer 不再;不复 14. toy monkey 玩具猴 15. part with 与……分开 16. to be honest 说实在的 17. . ride a bike 骑自行车

18. have a yard sale进行庭院拍卖会 19. one’s old things某人的旧东西

20. bring back sweet memories 勾起甜美的回

21. give away 捐赠

22. play for a while 玩一会儿 23. do with... 处置;处理 24. search for work 找工作

25. for the last 13 years 在过去的13年里 26. the mid-20th century 20世纪中期 27. stay the same 保持原状 28. according to 依据;按照 29. in one’s opinion 依……看 30. in my time 在我那个年代 1. How long have you... ?

How long have you had that bike over there? 那边的那辆自行车你买了多久了? 2. sb. has/have done sth. for...

Amy has had her favorite book for three years. 艾米拥有她最喜欢的书3 年了。 3. sb. has/have done sth. since...

He’s owned it since his fourth birthday. 自他4 岁生日起,他拥有这个东西了。 4. Some… Others...

Some people still live in their hometown. However, others may only see it once or twice a year.

有些人仍然住在家乡。然而,另一些人可能一年只能回家乡一两次。

5. As for me, I did not want to give up my football shirts, but, to be honest,I have not played for a while now.

至于我,我不想放弃我的足球衣。但是,说实在的,我现在巳经有一段时间没有踢(足球)了。 6. Have you ever thought about having a yard sale to sell your things?你是否曾经想过要举办一个庭院拍卖会来出售东西?

7. What would you do with the money you raise?

你会怎么处理你所筹集到的钱?

书面表达

★请根据下面提示,用英语写一篇短文。提示:1.家乡风貌和人们生活的变化。2.作为一名即将升入九年级的学生,应该做到遵守规章制度,努力学习,与同学友好相处,参加体育活动。要求:1.自由发挥,词数70左右。 2.短文开头已给,不计入总词数。

提示词:change, new buildings, be proud of, should, obey, rules, be friendly to, do sports

★ These years, our hometown and schools have changed a lot. Our lives are getting better and better. There are more and more new buildings in our hometown. We are proud of our country. What should we do to make our country richer and stronger. As students, I think we should obey the school rules and study hard. And we should be friendly to each other. We must do sports to keep healthy, such as playing basketball,playing football, running and so on.

全册完。

范文三:2015年八年级英语下册Unit6-10复习提纲

2015年八年级英语下册Unit6-10复习提纲

Unit 6 An old man tried to move the mountains

一、重点短语

1. work on doing sth. 致力于做某事

2. as soon as ...... 一……就…....

3. once upon a time 从前

4. continue to do sth. 继续做某事

5. make sth. happen 使某事发生

6.try to do sth. 试图做某事

7. the journey to sp. ......之旅

8. tell the/a story 讲故事

9. put on 穿上

10. a little b it 有点儿

11. keep doing sth. 坚持做某事

12. give up 放弃

13. instead of 代替;反而

14. turn .. . into 变成

15. get married 结婚

16. the main character 主要人物;主人公

17. at other times 在另外一些时候

18. be able to 能;会

19. come out (书、电影等)出版

20. become interested in…对……感兴趣

21. walk to the other side 走到另一边去

22. a fairy tale 一个神话故事

23. the rest of the story 故事的其余部分

24. leave sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事

25. make a plan to do sth. 筹划/计划做某事

26. go to sleep 去睡觉

27. lead sb. to sp. 把某人领到某地

28. get lost 迷路

29. change one’s plan 改变计划

30. tell sb. to do sth. 叫某人做某事

31. in the moonlight 在月光下

32. find one’s way home 找到某人回家的路

33. the next day 第二天

34. send sb. to sp. 派某人去某地

二、重点句型

1. W hat do you think about/of.. . ?

So what do you think about the story of Yu Gong?你觉得愚公的故事怎么样?

2. It doesn’t seem adj . to do sth ..

I t doesn’t seem very possible to move a mountain.把一座山给移掉好像不太可能。

3. This is because... This is because he can make 72 changes to his shape and size, turning himself into different animals and objects.

这是因为他会根据他的形状和大小,做出72种变化,可以将自己变成不同的动物或东西。

4. … so… that+从句

Sometimes he can make the stick so small that he can keep it in his ear.

有时候,他能够让他的金箍棒变得很小,以至于可以放在耳朵里。

5. It take sb. some time to do sth ..

Because they were so big that it took a long time to walk to the other side.

这些(山)太高了,他们要花好长时间才能翻越过去。 6 . … not.. .. util十从句

Don’t eat it until you get to the forest.

你们到达森林之后才能吃。

第六单元书面表达

★为了进一步增强中学生的安全意识,提高自我保护能力,某校开展了以安全为主题的英语演讲比赛。请你根据以下要点提示写一篇演讲稿。

注意:1)内容必须包括所给的要点,可适当发挥;2)语句通顺,意思连贯,表达清楚,书写规范;3) 80词左右, 开头已给出,不计入总词数;4)参考词汇:be careful, on line, in danger, call...for, go bad

How to keep safe?

★As teenagers, we should always keep ourselves safe.. But how can we keep safe? Here are some of my ideas. First, we should be careful when we make friends, especially on line. Second, if we are in danger, we must call the police for help in time so that we can keep ourselves safe. Also,we should eat healthily and safely. Eating bad food will not good to our health. Last, when we come to school or go home, we must obey the traffic rules. Summer is coming, and we must remember it's dangerous to swim in the river.

In one word, safety must be the first thing !Thank you! Unit 7 W hat’s the highest mountain in the world?

一、重点短语

1. as big as 与……一样大 2. one of the oldest countries 最古老的国家之一 3. feel free to do sth随意地做某事 4. as far as I know 据我所知 5. man-made objects 人造物体 6. part of... ...... 的组成部分 7. the highest mountain 最高的山脉 8. in the world 在世界上 9. any other mountain 其他任何一座山 10. of all the salt lakes 在所有的咸水湖中 11. run along 跨越… … 12. freezing weather冰冻的天气 13. take in air 呼吸空气 14. the first people to do sth. 第一个做某事的人 15. in the face of difficulties 面临危险 16. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 17. achieve one’ s dream 实现某人的梦想 18. the forces of nature 自然界的力量 19. reach the top 到达顶峰 20. even though 虽然;尽管 21. at birth 出生时 22. be awake 醒着 23. run over with excitement 兴奋地跑过去

24. walk into sb. 撞到某人 25. fall over 摔倒 26. take care of 照顾;照料 27. every two years •每两年 28. cut down the forests 砍伐林木 29. endangered animals濒危动物 30. fewer and fewer pandas 大熊猫越来越少 31. be in danger 处于危险之中 32. the importance of saving these animals拯救这些动物的重要性

二、重点句型

1. It is +adj. + (for sb. ) to do sth. It is also very hard to take in air as you get near the top.当你接近山顶时,连呼吸都会困难。

2. . . . is because... One of the main reasons is because people want to challenge themselves in the face of difficulties.

其中的一个主要的原因是人们想要在面临困难时挑战自己。

3. . . . show(s) that... The spirit of these climbers shows us that we should never give up trying to achieve our dreams.这些登山者的精神向我们证明:我们永远都不应

该放弃实现自己的梦想。

4. How high/ deep/. . . is ... ? How high is Qomolangma?珠穆朗玛峰有多高? 5. Although. “ ,… Although Japan is older than Canada,it is much smaller. 虽然日本比加拿大有更悠久的历史,但是日本比加拿大小多了。

6. sb. spend time/money doing sth. Adult pandas spend more than 12 hours a day eating about 10 kilos of bamboo.

成年大熊猫一天要花1 2 个多小时的时间吃大约

书面表达

★我国是大熊猫生存的唯一之地, 然而他们正面临灭绝的危险。你认为我们该采取哪些措施来保护他们。写一篇70词左右的短文

表达你的观点。21世纪教育网版权 提示

处于困境 人们大量砍伐树木来建农田和盖房; 竹子越来越少;人们为皮毛二捕杀大熊猫

采取措施 建立自然保护区; 不买皮毛制的衣服

最后结果 大熊猫会越来越多

提示词: fur 皮毛 reserve 保护区 hunt 猎杀 What can we do to protect The Pandas?

★The Pandas live only in China. However they are endangered animals. One of reasons is people are cutting down many trees to build their houses. And the bamboo is becoming less and less. another reason is people have hunted a lot of pandas for their fur. I think we should do something to protect The Pandas. For example. we should we should set up Nature Reserve. We should not buy fur clothes If we can do these ,I think The pandas will be more and more. Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?

一、重点短语

1. on page 25 在第2 5 页 2. the back of the book 书的背面 3. hurry up 赶快;匆忙 4. in two weeks 在两周之内 5. go out to sea 出海 6. an island full of treasures一个满是宝藏的岛屿 7. write about 写作关于……的内容 8. finish doing sth. 做完某事 9. wait for another ship 等待另一艘船到来 10. learn to do sth. 学会做某事 11. grow fruits and vegetables 种水果和蔬菜 12. a few weeks ago 几个星期前 13. the marks of another man’ s feet另一个人的脚印 14. not long after that 不久之后 15. run towards sp. 跑向某地 16. use... to do sth. 用……来做某事 17. signs left behind by someone 某人留下的标记 18. read the newspaper 看报

19. science fiction 科幻小说 20. can’ t wait to do sth. 迫不及待地做某事 21. a good way to wake up 醒来的一个好办法 22. the number of people 人数 23. used to do sth. (过去)常常做某事 24. study abroad 在国外学习 25. make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 26. come to realize 开始意识到 27. ever since then 自从那时起 28. the southern states of America美国的南部地区 29. belong to 属于 30 be kind to each other善待彼此 31. trust one another 互相信任 32. the beauty of nature 大自然的美 33. have been to sp. 去过某地 34. do some research on sth. 对……做研究 35. hope to do sth. 希望做某事 36. see sb. do sth.看到某人做某事 37. the first line in the song歌曲的第一行 38. enjoy success in享受…的成功 39. at the end of the day傍晚时候

二、重点句型

1. Have you….. yet? — Have you read Little Women yet?你读过《小妇人》吗? — Yes,I have. /N o , I haven’t.是的,我读过。/ 不,我没有。

2. Has... yet? — Has Tina read Treasure Island yet?蒂娜读过《金银岛》这本书吗?

— Yes, she has. She thinks it’ s fantastic.

是的,她读过。她觉得它很棒。

3. Would you like ... ? Would you like something to drink?你要来点喝的吗? 4. I heard... I heard you lost your key.我听说你丢钥匙了。

5. . . . came to realize how much... She came to realize how much she actually missed all of them.她开始意识到,事实上她是多么想念他们所有的人。 书面表达

★.请以主人的身份向外国朋友介绍一下北京和北京几个著名的景点。根据以下提示写一篇短文:

1.北京是一个历史悠久的城市; 2.北京有许多名胜古迹;(.There are many places of interest in……) 3.紫禁城是最受来宾欢迎的景点之一; 4.故宫非常漂亮和著名 5.长城也是很美丽值得看的地方; 6.天安门广场是一个散步好去处。注意:(1)词数80左右;

(2)请不要逐字翻译,可适当添加细节,使行文连贯、意思完整、符合逻辑;

(3)参考词汇:紫禁城 The Forbidden City,故宫 The Summer Palace,天安门广场 Tian’anmen Square

★Beijing is a city with a long history. There are many places of interest in it. Now let me tell you some of them. The Forbidden City (紫禁城)is one of the most popular places for visitors. It is very big and you can learn much about the history of China from it. The Summer Palace is beautiful and famous, too. The Great Wall is also a wonderful place to go. And Tian’anmen Square is a good place for people to take a walk. If you visit Beijing, you will enjoy yourself.• Unit 9 Have you ever been to a museum?

一、重点短语

1. at night在夜晚

2. in a more natural environment在一个更加自然的环境中

3. all year round一年到头;终年

4. be far from 离……远

5. in the dark 在黑暗中

6. in the past 在过去

7. have been to sp. 去过某地

8. science museum 科学博物馆

9. history museum 历史博物馆

10. amusement park 游乐园

11. go somewhere different 去不同的地方

12. go skating 去滑冰

13. take the subway 坐地铁

14. a great way to spend a Saturday afternoon一个过周六下午的好方法

15. all the old movie cameras所有的古老的电影摄影机

16. learn about sth.了解有关。。。。的情况

17. on the weekend 在周末

18. camp in the mountains 在大山里露营

19. put up a tent搭帐篷

20. in such a rapid way 以如此迅猛的方式

21. different kinds of各种各样的

22. development of toilets 厕所的发展

23. social groups 社会团体

24. the tea art performances茶艺表演

25. make a perfect cup of tea with beautiful tea sets用漂亮的茶具沏一杯完美的茶

26. a nice place to enjoy tea 一个品茶的好地方

27. thousands of 数以千计的

28. International Museum of Toilets国际厕所博物馆

29. the Terracotta Army 兵马俑

30. Southeast Asia东南亚

31. Night Safari 夜间动物园

32. three quarters 四分之三

33. an English-speaking country一个讲英语的国家

34. have problem(in) doing sth. 做某事很困难

35. during the daytime在白天

36. a couple of times 好几次

37. right now 现在;目前

38. an amusement park with a special theme一个有特别的主题的游乐园

39. walk around the park 在公园里到处走

40. hear of 听说

41. take a ride兜风

42. another province另一个省

43. the Bird’s Nest鸟巢

44. encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事

45. on the one hand... on the other hand.一方面,另一方面

二、重点句型

1. Have you ever been to... ?

Have you ever been to a science museum?你曾经去过科学博物馆吗?

2. Let’s…

Let’s go somewhere different today.我们今天去个不同的地方吧。

3. It’s+adj. +that...

It’s unbelievable that technology has progressed in such a rapid way!

科技以如此迅猛的方式发展真是令人难以置信啊!

4. Whether... , you,11...

Whether you like Indian food,Western food or Japanese food, you’ll find it all in Singapore!

不管你喜欢印度食品、西方食品还是日本食品,在新加坡你都能找到!

5. One great thing… is that…

One great thing about Singapore is that the temperature is almost the same all year round.

新加坡一个很大的特征是它的气温几乎一年到头都是一样的。 It is best to do sth..

It is best to visit Singapore..最好……游览新加坡。 书面表达

★写作要求:写一篇80字文章描述你的家乡或者你去过的地方。

1. 词数80左右; 2.文中不能出现作者本人的真实信息

3. 你可运用的句型:

Have you ever tried/seen/been…?

If you…, you will/can…

You should…

One great thing about …is…

I have been to Hainan Island

★I have ever been to Hainan Island. I went there last summer. Have you ever been to Hainan Island? It is the second largest island in China. It’s a beautiful place. If you go there, you should walk along the beaches. The weather in Hainan is very hot, so people like doing many water sports, such as scuba diving (潜水), fishing, swimming, surfing and boating. One great thing about Hainan is that you can try many kinds of sweet fruit in Hainan. If you go to Hainan, I’m sure you will enjoy yourself.

Unit 10 I’ve had this bike for three years.

一、重点短语

1. these days 目前;现在

2. regard with great interest 以极大的兴趣关注着

3. in order to 为了

4. so far 迄今;到现在为止

5. people in need 需要帮助的人

6. not.. anymore 不再……

7. welcome to sp_ 欢迎来到 …

8. check out 察看;观察

9. board games 棋类游戏

10. one last thing 最后一样东西

11. junior high school初级中学

12. clear out 清理

13. no longer 不再;不复

14. toy monkey 玩具猴

15. part with 与……分开

16. to be honest 说实在的

17. ride a bike 骑自行车

18. have a yard sale进行庭院拍卖会

19. one’s old things某人的旧东西

20. bring back sweet memories 勾起甜美的回忆

21. give away 捐赠

22. play for a while 玩一会儿

23. do with... 处置;处理

24. search for work 找工作

25. for the last 13 years 在过去的13年里

26. the mid-20th century 20世纪中期

27. stay the same 保持原状

28. according to 依据;按照

29. in one’s opinion 依……看

30. in my time 在我那个年代

二、重点句型

1. How long have you... ?

How long have you had that bike over there? 那边的那辆自行车你买了多久了?

2. sb. has/have done sth. for...

Amy has had her favorite book for three years.艾米拥有她最喜欢的书3 年了。

3. sb. has/have done sth. since...

He’s owned it since his fourth birthday.自他4 岁生日起,他拥有这个东西了。

4. Some… Others...

Some people still live in their hometown. However, others may only see it once or twice a year.

有些人仍然住在家乡。然而另一些人可能一年只能回家乡一两次。

5. As for me, I did not want to give up my football shirts, but, to be honest,I have not played for a while now. 至于我,我不想放弃我的足球衣。但是,说实在的,我现在巳经有一段时间没有踢(足球)了。

6.Have you ever thought about having a yard sale to sell your things?你是否曾经想过要举办一个庭院拍卖会来出售东西?

7. What would you do with the money you raise?你会怎么处理你所筹集到的钱?

书面表达

★请根据下面提示,用英语写一篇短文。提示:1.家乡风貌和人们生活的变化。2.作为一名即将升入九年级的学生,应该做到遵守规章制度,努力学习,与同学友好相处,参加体育活动。 要求:1.自由发挥,词数70左右。

2.短文开头已给,不计入总词数。

提示词:change, new buildings, be proud of, should, obey,

rules, be friendly to, do sports

★ These years, our hometown and schools have changed a lot. Our lives are getting better and better. There are more and more new buildings in our hometown. We are proud of our country. What should we do to make our country richer and stronger. As students, I think we should obey the school rules and study hard. And we should be friendly to each other. We must do sports to keep healthy, such as playing basketball, playing football, running and so on.

范文四:外研版八年级英语下册Module7-10复习提纲

Module 7

1. prepare for = get ready for为…做准备 2. make a list of sth.列…的清单

3. at the end of…在……的结尾 at the beginning of … 在……的开端

in the end= finally= at last 最后 by the end of…到…为止 (常用于现在完成时)

4. wear light trousers穿薄裤子

5. pay for 支付 花费 sb. pay some money for sth. =sth. cost sb. some money

= sb. spend some money on sth. / in doing sth.

6. had better (not) do sth. 最好(不要)做某事

7. a pair of sunglasses一副太阳镜 a pair of trousers/ shorts 一条裤子/短裤

8. the total weight

辨析:weigh v. in total 9. by the way 10. forget to do sth.

I don’辨析:what to do 和 15. 16. What else?

1) What other things do you like? 2) Where else do you want to go?

21. offer you great summer English courses为你提供很棒的暑期英语课程

offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 为某人提供某物 offer to do sth. 主动做某事

American culture了解美国文化

23. improve your English 提高你的英语水平 24.同时 at the same time

25.持续四周 last for four weeks (last v. 持续)

How long does it last?

26.有许多经验 体验美国的生活 (v.)

experienced adj. 有经验的

一位有经验的老师

27.取决于 sth./ sb.

28.你个人的选择your personal choice 29.provide sb. with sth. = provide sth. for sb. 给某人提供某物

30. set tests (test n./ v. 测试)安排测试 检查你的进步 取得进步

32. 去购物 go shopping

参加他们的日常生活

34. have meals with sb. 和……吃饭 X k B 1 . c o m

35. do some activities做一些活动 (activity --- activities)

36. the best part of the course

37.form v. n. 38.填写装满某物

39. stay/ keep in touch with sb. 41. take trips to sp. 42. be certain to do sth. 43.至少 at least 至少一个月 44. prefer sth. = like sth. better prefer A to B喜欢A不喜欢B

prefer to do sth. 或I prefer apples to bananas. 表示“只要….就会……”

….否则就会除了学英语,我们… Module 8

1.time off 放假,休假(时间)

2. hear about 听说 hear from sb. 收到某人的来信

3.欢迎来到某地 welcome to sp. welcome back to sp. 欢迎回到某地

4. suggest doing sth. 建议做某事 suggest (that) sb. (should) do sth. 建议某人做某事 建议suggestion (C) a suggestion advice (U)a piece of advice

5. adj./ adv.原级 +that +从句 如此……以至于……

so that +从句 以便于 … (后接目的)

I get up early so that I can get to school early. 我早起以便于早点到学校。

It’s so quiet that I can even hear the birds singing. 6.

do sth. 听见某人做了某事或经常做某事 sb. do sth.

hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人正在做某事 7.in the city centre 在市中心

8. I can hardly believe that+从句 我简直不能相信…

hard adj.艰难的,困难的 过着艰难的生活 adv. 努力地 work hard hardly adv. = almost not 几乎不,,位置

注意反义疑问句: There is hardly any water, 9. be famous for sth. 因为……而著名 = be known for sth.

be famous as sth. 作为……而著名 = be known as sth.

10. the ancient buildings on the hill 山上的古建筑

11. take up 占据空间, 占用时间

占据这个公园一半多的面积 多于

12. walk along the lake 沿着湖走

13. 穿过桥

14. climb up the hill爬上山 15. 去游泳

16.point out 指出 ()point out the sights of Beijing 指出北京的风景

17. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 允许做某事

18. swim in the lake 在湖里游泳

19. have a picnic 野餐 go for a picnic 去野餐20. at the top of … 在……的顶部

21.make/ let sb. (not) do sth. 让某人(不要)做某事 22.我不想再看这部电影了。

向某人承诺某事

遵守诺言 break a promise 违背诺言

玩的开心

26. a magic land of mountains, forests and rivers

27.The park is about 480 square kilometres. --28. the strange shape of its tall rocks 高高岩石的奇怪形状

29. look like看起来像 --- What does Tom look like? 提问外表 --- He is tall.

--- What be sb. like? 提问性格 ---He is friendly/kind.

30. some …others… 一些„另一些„ one… the other… (两个中)一个……另一个……

31. camp by a small lake 小湖边露营 (by 表示在….的旁边;camp 既可作名词“营地”也可作动词“露营,宿营” ) go camping 去露营

32. wake sb. up把某人叫醒(代中名中后) wake me up wake up 睡醒

33.move about 四处移动 ( adv.向四周,向各处) X K b 1. C om

34. without making any noise没有制造任何噪音,悄悄地 make noise 制造噪音

35. look for 寻找 (强调动作) find 找到 (强调结果)

36. It is/was a pity that+从句 可惜…… (主语从句,it为形式主语)

37. trees = trees 经过树林

38.

hope to do sth.

希望做某事

hope that +从句

希望得到某物

如此……以至于……

足够……去做某事

太…而不能…

这个男孩太小不能上学。

保持安静

在某事上达成一致 agree to do sth. 同意做某事

in藏)

留口信

2.此刻,现在 at the moment 在那时 at that moment

3. have a problem with sb./ sth. 同„有问题,在„方面有问题

做某事有困难 have problem (in) doing sth.

4.get separated 分开 separate rooms 把A和B分开 separate A from B

5. start to do sth./ start doing sth.开始做某事

6.起初 at first 最后 at last=finally= in the end

7.向某人提及某事 mention sth. to sb. 8.拒绝做某事 refuse to do sth.

9.像那样对你 treat you like that 把某人当做…对待 treat sb. as…

10.对自己感觉自信 be/feel sure of oneself

(be/feel sure of doing sth. 对做某事有把握有信心 be sure to do sth. 一定会做某事)

11.找出,弄清楚 find out 12.学会做某事 learn to do sth.

regret doing sth. 后悔做了某事

regret to do sth. 遗憾要做某事

14. be patient with sb. 对某人耐心 (impatient adj. 没耐心的,急躁的 patience n.耐心) be patient of sb./sth. 忍耐某事

15. expain sth. to sb.向某人解释某事

16. make friends with sb. 和„交朋友

17. introduce A to B 把A介绍给B introduce oneself 自我介绍

18.鼓励某人做某事 encourage sb. to do sth.

19.join in +具体活动

join sb. 加入到某些人中成为一员 join the club/army加入俱乐部/

take part in +会议或群众活动

20.没问题,没什么,没关系。 No problem.

21.征求关于„的建议 ask for advice about/on sth.

22.度过困难时刻;过得困难;步履艰难 have a hard time

23.我在新学校第一年的初秋 24. be afraid to do sth.

be afraid of doing sth.

25.每一次 every time (C) (time

26.和某人打架 27.感觉更加孤独 feel even more lonely (修饰形容词副词比较级)

28.想要某人做某事 29.担心某人 30.和某人交谈 talk to/ with sb. talk about sth.

31.沉默地,安静的 (silence n. 寂静,无声 silent adj. 寂静的,无声的)

32.进入教室 33.转过身来

34. 嘲笑某人 laugh at sb.

35. 36. like a hidden treasure (hide---hid ---hidden)

37. day by day

38. include me in their circle of friends

in one’s circle of friends 在某人的朋友圈中

include v. 包括

including 介词,包括 I like sports, including tennis, basketball and swimming.

39.像胶水一样黏在一起 stick together like glue

(stick together团结一致,在一起 把A 粘到B上)

40.share sth. with sb. 和某人分享某物X k B 1 . c o m

41.lonely adj. 孤独的,寂寞的(带有强烈的感情色彩) alone adj./ adv. 独自一人

42.trust sb. =believe in sb. 相信某人,信赖某人 believe sb. 相信某人所说的话

相信某人(不)会做某事

1.May I speak to sb.? 2. This is sb. speaking. 我是……

3. Is that sb. speaking? 你是…….

4. Who’s calling, please? /Who’s that? / Who’s speaking? 你是哪位?

5. Hold on, please. / Hold the line, please.(稍等)

6. Sorry, he isn’t in at the moment /he is out. 他不在。

7. Can I take a message? 我能带个信吗? 8. Can I leave a message? 我能留个信吗?

9. Would you like to leave a message?

10. I’ll call back later/again. 我会再打来。

11. I’m afraid you have the wrong number. 你打错了。

12. May I have the number? 我能要电话号码吗?

Module 10

1.北京电台新闻主播 the news director at Radio Beijng

2.带某人四处参观 take/ show sb. around 带某人参观某地 3. be on(灯等电器)开着的 (表示状态) turn on 打开(表动作)

be off 关着的 (状态) turn off 关闭 (动作)

4.避免做某事 avoid doing sth. 5.背景中 in the background 6.写报道 write reports / write a report

7.继续做某事 keep doing sth. n. 采访某人 do an interview with sb. v. 就某事采访某人 9.体育巨星the big sports stars体育新闻 不可数sport修饰名词用复数形式)

10.某人需要做某事 sb. need to do sth. …. sth. need doing

We need to water the flowers.

need作情态动词,主要用于,后接动词原形。

11.保持安静 keep quiet

12.和„对抗 play against sb.

13.„.的结尾,尽头

14.赢得足球比赛 打败某人beat sb. ()

15.on air

16. Thank you for doing sth. = Thanks for doing sth.

mean doing sth. 意味着做某事

18. (get + adj. )

national and international news 收集最新的国内国际新闻

20.;看不起… look down at sb./sth.

look短语: look up 向上看,查找(单词) look for 寻找 look at 看 look out 小心 look like 看起来像 look through 浏览 look over 检查 look around 向四周看 look forward to doing sth. 期待做某事

21.not…but…不是……而是……

22. in person 亲自,本人

23. 在…岁的时候 at the age of…

24. ask for part-time jobs 找兼职 ask for “请求” ask for help 求助 ask sb. for help 向某人求助 a full-time job 全职工作 look for a job 找工作

25.做关于…的研究 do research on sth. 新- 课 -标- 第 -一- 网

26. look out of… 向……外看 Look out!小心! 27. 通过做某事 by doing sth.

28. in the studio 在录音室 29. 做一个声音检测 do a sound check

30. have sth. for breakfast 吃……作为早饭

31.检测音质水平 check the sound level

32.

It seems/ seemed that+

从句 似乎……

sb. seems/seemed to do … 某人似乎在做……

sb. seems/seemed( to be)+ adj. / n. 某人似乎(是)……

It seems that he is happy.= He seems( to be) happy.

仿佛; ……似的 It seems like a good idea. 似乎是个好主意。

33. if 表示“是否” 或者“如果”。表示如果时,遵守“”

I don’t know if he will come tomorrow. If he comes, please tell me. 我不知道他明天是否会来。的 … 和 ……的目的…

(在一般疑问句的助动词/be动词/情态动词后加not,是就用yes不是就用no) ’m not.

)

自然现象、名言格言等,用一般现在时不变 注意:1.whether和if一般情况下可以互换使用,但下列情况只能使用whether,不能使用if。 ①宾语从句出现or not时,构成whether…or not的结构。有时也可以连用,构成whether or I’m not sure 我不确定他的答案是否正确。 ②引导介词的宾语从句(即在介词后面时)

如:I am thinking about whether we should go to the movies. 我们正在考虑是否应该去看电影。 ③在带有to的不定式前面 如:I can’t decide whether to go or stay. 我决定不了是走还是留。

2. 当主句的谓语动词是think, believe, imagine, expec,hope等,且主句主语是第一人称,主

句时态为一般现在时,对从句的否定通常转移到主语上来,称为“否定转移”。

I think that you are right. ---- I don’t think you are right.

3.当宾语从句是that引导的并列的两个或两个以上句子,只有

4.做题技巧 1)时态题,2)语序题 所有宾语从句都是whether/if及疑问词引导的宾语从句中如果有就是错的

如:

D

A.left B.leaves C. will leave D. would leave

Let me tell you ____C_____.

A. how much is the car B. how much does the car cost C. how much I paid for the car

D. is finishing

C. When, leave

(刚才):用于一般过去时

D. has arrived

once, twice, how many times, never,ever等连用)

(for+一段时间)

A.has been to B. has gone to C. has been in D. went to

A. been to B. come to C. arrived in D. been in

6.与过去时态辨析,注意找标志词, D. does; lose

Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday February March April May June July August September December

1.一般现在时:主语+动词原形/ 单三形式

2.一般将来时: 主语+be going to +动词原形 主语+will +动词原形

3. 一般过去时:主语+动词过去式

4. 现在进行时:主语+ am/is/are + V-ing

5. 过去进行时:主语 +was/ were +V-ing

6. 现在完成时:主语+have/has +过去分词

例如: 你妈妈在家吗? 误:正:Is your mother at home?

4)it's与its读音相同,he's与his(it's和he's分别是it is和he is的缩略形式,但its ) 。例如: It's a bird. Its name is Polly. He's a student. His mother is a teacher. 他是一名学生。他妈妈是一位教师

3.名词性物主代词起名词的作用。注意:在使用也就是要省略的名词大家已经知道,已经提起过。

:有“名”则"形“,无“名”则“名”。 前面就要用形容词性物主代词。后面没有名词的话,就用名词性物主代词。)

4.反身代词常用结构:

how often 提问频率,多久一次 once/twice/ three times a year

how many times 提问次数,多少次 once/ twice/ three times/four times

how soon 提问,多久以后 how long 提问时间长度(也可提问物体长度),多长时间

for+一段时间 since+时间点 since+时间段+ago since +一般过去时句子

how many 提问可数名词数量

how much 提问不可数名词数量和价格

how far 提问距离,多远

how large 提问面积, 多大

范文五:八年级英语下册units1-7期末复习提纲

八年级英语下册units1-7期末复习提纲

Unit 1

Useful Expressions

1. make predictions 做预测

2. free time 空闲时间

3. fly„to„乘坐„飞往„

4. on a space station 在太空站上

5. I disagree. 我不同意.

6. fall/be in love with sb. 与sb.相爱

7. keep pets 养宠物

8. be able to 能够

9. predict the future 预测未来

10. come true 实现

11. see sb. do sth. 看见sb.做某事(的全过程)

doing sth. 看见sb.正在做某事(片断)

12. help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

13. hundreds of 数以百计的

14. try to do sth. 尽力做某事

15. look like 看上去长的像„

16. look for 寻找

17. 一段时间 + from now (从现在起)„之后

from now on = in the future 今后

Key Points

1. Do you think „?

I think (that)„.

I don’t think (that)„.

2. study at home on computer

辨析:on,in和with.

on:表示使用通讯工具、信息或传媒,乘坐交通工具等;

in:使用语言文字等媒介;

with:借助具体的手段或工具。

Eg. I don’t want to talk about it on the phone.

Can you speak it in English?

Don’t write it with a red pen.

3. Will people use money in 100 years?

“in+时间”结构常与一般将来时连用,对其进行提问时用特殊疑问词how soon.

4. before

ago 与过去时连用

Grammar Focus

1. The Simple Future tense

一般将来时的三种基本结构:

⑴ will +V.

⑵ be going to +V.

⑶ be + Ving

一般将来时的时间状语:in + 时间,in the future,next + 时间,

与tomorrow 相关的时间,this + 时间,from now on,right now,some day„

2.形容词、副词的比较级用法

Unit 2

UE

1. argue with sb. 与某人争吵

about/over sth. 为某事争吵

2. out of style/danger 过时/脱离险境

in style/danger 时尚/处于危险之中

3. call up sb. (代词放中间)给某人打电话

4. keep out 不让„进入

5. What’s wrong? 怎么啦?

6. be surprised at „对„感到吃惊

7. borrow sth. from sb. 从某人那里借入某物

8. need to do sth. (某人)需要做某事

doing sth. (某物)需要做某事

9. pay „ for sth. 为某物付„(钱)

10. the same + n. + as„与„一样的n.

11. get on well with sb. 与某人相处融洽

12. have a fight with sb. 与某人争吵

13. take part in 加入

14. plan sth. for sb. 为某人计划某事

15. as much as possible 尽可能多的„

KP.

1. Sb. pay „for sth. 某人为某物花了„钱。

Sth. cost sb. „某物花了某人„钱。

Sb. spend „ on sth. 某人花了„(时间、金钱)在某事上。

(in) doing sth. 某人花了„(时间、金钱)做某事。

It takes/took sb. „ to do sth. 花了某人„(时间、金钱)做某事。

2. not „ until 直到„才„ (主句动词是短暂性动词)

until 一直到„ (主句中使用延续性动词)

3. leave

GF

情态动词

1. 情态动词没有人称和数的变化;

2. 情态动词不能直接做谓语,必须和一个动词原形同时使用;

3. 大多数情态动词没有时态的变化;

4. 情态动词加上be,通常表示猜测的语气。

Unit3

UE

1. in front of ---- behide 在„的前面 ---- 在„的后面

in the front of ---- at the back of 在„的前部 ---- 在„的后部(包含在内)

2. take off 起飞

3. get out of 离开„

4. You are kidding. 胡说八道

5. follow sb. to do sth. 跟着某人做某事

6. get into 进入

7. shout at 训斥、责备

shout to 向„喊叫

8. What happen? 发生什么事了?

happen = take place 发生

9. in silence 沉默地

10. in space 在太空中

11. at the doctor’s 在诊所

12. jump down from„从„跳下

13. climb up the tree 爬上树

KP

“as + 形容词/副词的原级+as”表示“和„一样”

否定形式:“not as/so + 形容词/副词的原级+as”表示“和„不一样”

GF

1. The Past Progressive Tense

过去进行时

⑴用法:表示在过去某一时刻或某段时间内正在进行的动作。

⑵谓语结构:be ( was, were )+ Ving

⑶时间状语:at that time/moment

at + 点钟 + yesterday/last night

from +点钟 + to +点钟 + yesterday

this time yesterday

just then

when he came in, „.(when引导的时间状语从句是过去时,并且动词是短暂性动词时,主句使用过去进行时)

2. when & while

when与while都是从属连词,都有“当„„时”的意思。

when 可与一个点的时间或表示一段的时间连用,从句动词可以是短暂性或延续性动词; while 只指一段时间,不能指一点时间。因此while从句中的谓语动词必须是延续性动词。 Unit 4

UE

1. have a surprise party 举办一个惊喜派对

2. be mad at/with sb. for sth. 因为某事对某人发火

be mad about/on sth./sb. 对某事/某人很着迷

3. not „ anymore = not „ any more = no more 不再

4. first of all 首先

5. pass ( on ) sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人

pass on (代词放中间)

6. work on 从事

7. be supposed to = should 应该

8. be good/better/best at 擅长于„

do well/better/best in

9. report card 成绩单

10. the disappointing result 令人失望的结果

11. this semester 本学期

12. How’s it going? 你好吗?

How goes it?

How are things going?

13. be in good/poor/bad/ill health 健康状况好/不好/糟糕/病着

14. end of year exams 期末考

15. get/be nervous of sth./doing sth. 对某事/做某事感到紧张

16. have a hard time with sth. 在某事上/做某事处境困难

doing sth.

17. It’s just that„这只是由于„

18. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事

doing sth. 忘记做过某事

19. get over 克服

20. for now 至今为止

21. open up 打开

22. care for 照顾

KP

1. true 符合客观事实的(人和事)

really 真实存在的(人和事)

2. be sure that 确信„

3. I don’t think (that)„我不认为„(否定前置)

GF

1. The object clause

宾语从句

⑴引导词:that ——引导陈述句,在句中可省略;

if,whether ——引导一般疑问句,可相互替换(从句中出现or not时只能使用whether); wh-,h- ——引导特殊疑问句。

主句从句

一般现在时各种时态

一般过去时相应的过去时态

⑵时态:

注意:从句讲述的是客观真理时,不根据主句改变时态。

⑶语序:引导词后加陈述句语序

“主句 + 引导词 + 从句主语 + 从句谓语 + 其他”

2. Direct Speech and Reported Speech

直接引语变为间接引语时参照宾语从句的变法,把双引号内的句子变为宾语从句即可。以下是另需变化的两点

⑷人称和所有格:“一主,二宾,三不变”

⑸状语与动词

Unit 5

UE (Useful Expression)

1. have a great time 过得很愉快

2. wear jeans 穿牛仔裤

3. let sb. in/out/by 让某人进来/出去/过去

4. be late for 迟到

5. be sorry (that)„感到遗憾

6. organize sth. for „为„组织某事

7. half (of) the class 半班

8. take away„把„拿走、没收

bring sth. to „把某物带来„

take sth. from „从„把某物带走

9. Why not? 为什么不呢?

10. clean up 收拾干净

11. make a lot of money 挣许多钱

12. be famous for„因„而出名

be famous as„因作为„而出名

13. join = take part in 参加

14. a professional athlete 职业运动员

15. get injured 受伤

16. a great chance 一次好机会

17. all the time 一直

18. around the world = all over the world 全世界

19. make a living (by) doing sth. 做某事谋生

20. complain about sth. 抱怨某事

21. decide to do sth. 决定去做某事

22. in order to do sth. 以便、为了

that + 目的状语从句 = so that

in order 整齐、有条理、正常

23. talk on the phone 讲电话

KP(Key sentences)

1. too much + 不可数名词

too many + 可数名词

much too + 形容词

2. against 反对、与„相反、与„对抗

argue against 抵制

GF

1. The Conditional Adverbial Clause

条件状语从句由if或unless引导,表示如果有从句中的动作发生,就会有主句的动作发生。在条件状语从句中,主句是将来时、祈使句或含有情态动词的句子时,从句要使用一般现在时表达将来的意思(即:主将从现)。

if:如果

unless:除非 = if„ not„,„.

Eg. We will have a meeting tomorrow if Mr. Gao doesn’t leave for Shanghai.

= We will have a meeting tomorrow unless Mr. Gao leaves for Shanghai.

2. Imperative

Unit 6

Useful Expression

1. how long 多长时间了?

2. start class/skating/to skate 开始上课/滑冰

= begin class/skating/to skate

3. a skating marathon 一场滑冰马拉松

4. would like = ’d like 愿意、想要

5. run out of 跑完

6. by the way 顺便问一下

7. more than = over 超过

8. ever since 自从

9. raise money for charity 筹集善款

10. a pair of 一双

11. five and a half years 五年半

12. the whole five hours 整整五个小时

13. in Russian style 以俄罗斯的风格

Key sentences

1. Every hour they skate, each student raises ten yuan for charity.每位学生每溜冰一个小时就能为慈善事业筹到10元钱。

every 和each 都表示“每一个”,但every是指整体,each是指每个个体。

2. Next is Sam. 紧接着的是Sam。

3. Because we’ve run out of room to store them. 因为我们已经没地方存放他们了。

4. By the way, what’s your hobby? 顺便问一下,你有什么爱好?

5. I am interested in the job as a writer. 我对这份作家的工作感兴趣。

6. In fact, the first Jews probably came to Kaifeng more than a thousand years ago.事实上,首批犹太人可能是在一千多年前来到开封的。

7. The more I learn about Chinese history, the more I enjoy living in China. 我对中国历史了解的越多,我就越喜欢在中国生活。

8. Although I live quite far from Beijing, „. 虽然我住得离北京很远。

Grammar

1. 现在完成进行时

(1) 结构:have/has + been + V.ing.

(2) 用法:表示从过去某一时刻开始,一直延续到现在且很有可能持续下去;

I’ve been doing the cleaning all this morning.

表示从过去开始一直持续到现在的某一动作刚刚结束;

You’re late again! I’ve been waiting here for an hour.

表示一个一直到说话时为止的一段时间内一再重复的动作。

I have been calling you several times in two days.

(3) 时间状语:all the time/this morning, since morning, all night,

this week/month, recently 等

(3) 对现在完成进行时的时间状语进行提问时使用how long。

How long have you been skating?

I’ve been skating since I was seven years old.

for 5 years old.

2. 现在完成进行时与现在完成时区别:

现在完成进行时侧重于动作的持续、运行;而现在完成时强调动作的完成。如: I have written a letter to my father.(到现在信已写完)我给我的父亲写了一封信。

I have been writing a letter to my father.(一直在写,现在还在写)我一直在给我的父亲写信。 再看:I wrote a letter to my father. 我给我的父亲写过一封信。

Unit 7

Useful Expression

1. turn down/up 调小/大(音量)

turn on/off 打开/关上(电源开关)

2. not at all 一点也不

3. right away = in a minute 立刻、马上

4. do/wash the dish 洗碗

5. get out of 出来

6. put on 穿上(动作)

wear 穿着(状态)

7. feed the dog 喂狗

keep the dog 养狗

8. return „ to „把„还给„

9. help sb. do/with sth. 帮助某人做某事

10. make posters 制作海报

11. a terrible haircut 一个糟糕的发型

12. have a long telephone conversation 褒电话粥

13. wait in line 排队

cut in line 插队

14. follow sb. around 跟在某人周围

15. get mad = get annoy = get angry 感到恼火

16. all the time 一直

17. complain about 抱怨„

18. be polite 有礼貌

19. try (not) to do sth. 尽力(不去)做某事

20. must be 一定是

21. keep down 保持音量

22. seem like 看上去像„

23. be allowed 被允许

24. even if/though 尽管、即使

25. take care = be careful 小心

26. in public places 在公众场合

in public 公开地,当众地

27. put out 熄灭

28. drop litter 乱丢垃圾

29. pick up 捡起、拾起

Key sentences

1. Would you mind turning down the music? 你介不介意把音乐声关小呢?

Would you mind (not) doing sth.? 你介不介意做(不做)„?

= Would/Could you please (not) do sth.? 请你做(不做)„好吗?

2. I won’t be long. 我一会就好。

3. The pen you bought didn’t work. 你买的那把笔坏了。

= The pen you bought wasn’t broken.

= There was something wrong with the pen you bought.

= Something was wrong with the pen you bought.

4. Here you are. 给你。

Here’s what they said. 以下是他们所说的。

5. I can’t stand it. 我无法忍受。

I can’t stand to see good food to waste. 我无法忍受看着好食物被浪费。

6. Could you please not follow me around? 请你不要跟着我四周好吗?

7. This happens to me all the time in the school library.

在学校图书馆我一直碰上这种事。

9. Would you mind keeping your voice down? 你介不介意把音量放小呢? voice: 名词,指说话和唱歌地嗓音; talk in a loud voice 高声交谈 noise: 名词,指人们不愿听到地噪音;

sound: 名词,泛指自然界一切可以听到的声音。

10. For example, dropping litter is almost never allowed.

例如,乱丢垃圾是不被允许的。

be allowed 被允许。“be + 动词的过去分词”是被动语态

范文六:八年级英语下册复习提纲

八年级英语下册复习提纲(units1-10)

Unit 1

Useful Expressions

1. make predictions 做预测 2. free time 空闲时间

3. fly…to… 乘坐…飞往… 4. on a space station 在太空站上 5. I disagree. 我不同意. 6. fall/be in love with sb. 与sb.相爱 7. keep pets 养宠物 8. be able to 能够 9. predict the future 预测未来 10. come true 实现 11. see sb. do sth. 看见sb.做某事(的全过程)

doing sth. 看见sb.正在做某事(片断)

12. help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 13. hundreds of 数以百计的

14. try to do sth. 尽力做某事 15. look like 看上去长的像…16. look for 寻找 17. 一段时间 + from now (从现在起)…之后 from now on = in the future 今后Key Points

1. Do you think …? I think (that)…. I don’t think (that)…. 2. study at home on computer 辨析:on,in和with.

on:表示使用通讯工具、信息或传媒,乘坐交通工具等; in:使用语言文字等媒介; with:借助具体的手段或工具。

I don’t want to talk about it on the phone.

Can you speak it in English? Don’t write it with a red pen. 3. Will people use money in 100 years?

“in+时间段”结构常与一般将来时连用,对其进行提问时用特殊疑问词how soon. 4. before 和 ago 与过去时连用 Grammar Focus

1. The Simple Future tense 一般将来时的三种基本结构: ⑴ will +V.

⑵ be going to +V. ⑶ be + Ving

一般将来时的时间状语:in + 时间段,in the future,next + 时间, 与tomorrow 相关的时间,this + 时间,from now on,right now,some day… 2.形容词、副词的比较级用法

Unit 2

Useful Expressions

1. argue with sb. 与某人争吵 about/over sth. 为某事争吵 2. out of style/danger 过时/脱离险境

in style/danger 时尚/处于危险之中

3. call up sb. (代词放中间)给某人打电话 4. keep out 不让…进入 5. What’s wrong? 怎么啦? 6. be surprised at … 对…感到吃惊 7. borrow sth. from sb. 从某人那里借入某物 8. need to do sth. (某人)需要做某事 doing sth. (某物)需要做某事

9. pay … for sth. 为某物付…(钱) 10. the same + n. + as… 与…一样的n. 11. get on well with sb. 与某人相处融洽 12. have a fight with sb. 与某人争吵 13. take part in 加入 14. plan sth. for sb. 为某人计划某事 15. as much as possible 尽可能多的… Key Points

1. Sb. pay …for sth. 某人为某物花了…钱。 Sth. cost sb. … 某物花了某人…钱。

Sb. spend … on sth. 某人花了…(时间、金钱)在某事上。 (in) doing sth. 某人花了…(时间、金钱)做某事。 It takes/took sb. … to do sth. 花了某人…(时间、金钱)做某事。 2. not … until 直到…才… (主句动词是短暂性动词) until 一直到… (主句中使用延续性动词) 3. leave 情态动词

1. 情态动词没有人称和数的变化;

Eg.

1

2. 情态动词不能直接做谓语,必须和一个动词原形同时使用; 3. 大多数情态动词没有时态的变化; 4. 情态动词加上be,通常表示猜测的语气。

Unit3

Useful Expressions

1. in front of ---- behide 在…的前面 ---- 在…的后面

in the front of ---- at the back of 在…的前部 ---- 在…的后部(包含在内)

2. take off 起飞 3. get out of 离开… 4. You are kidding. 胡说八道 5. follow sb. to do sth. 跟着某人做某事 6. get into 进入 7. shout at 训斥、责备 shout to 向…喊叫 8. What happen? 发生什么事了? happen = take place 发生

9. in silence 沉默地 10. in space 在太空中 11. at the doctor’s 在诊所 12. jump down from… 从…跳下 13. climb up the tree 爬上树 Key Points

“as + 形容词/副词的原级+as”表示“和…一样”

否定形式:“not as/so + 形容词/副词的原级+as” 表示“和…不一样” Grammar Focus

1. The Past Progressive Tense 过去进行时

⑴用法:表示在过去某一时刻或某段时间内正在进行的动作。 ⑵谓语结构:be ( was, were )+ Ving ⑶时间状语:at that time/moment

at + 点钟 + yesterday/last night from +点钟 + to +点钟 + yesterday this time yesterday just then

when he came in, ….(when引导的时间状语从句是过去时,并且动词是短暂性动词时,主句使用过去进行时)

2. when & while

when与while都是从属连词,都有“当……时”的意思。

when 可与一个点的时间或表示一段的时间连用,从句动词可以是短暂性或延续性动词;

while 只指一段时间,不能指一点时间。因此while从句中的谓语动词必须是延续性动词。

Unit 4

Useful Expressions

1. have a surprise party 举办一个惊喜派对 2. be mad at/with sb. for sth. 因为某事对某人发火 be mad about/on sth./sb. 对某事/某人很着迷

3. not … anymore = not … any more = no more 不再 4. first of all 首先 5. pass ( on ) sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人 pass on (代词放中间) 6. work on 从事 7. be supposed to = should 应该 8. be good/better/best at 擅长于…

do well/better/best in

9. report card 成绩单 10. the disappointing result 令人失望的结果 11. this semester 本学期 12. How’s it going? 你好吗?

How goes it?

How are things going?

13. be in good/poor/bad/ill health 健康状况好/不好/糟糕/病着 14. end of year exams 期末考

15. get/be nervous of sth./doing sth. 对某事/做某事感到紧张

16. have a hard time with sth. 在某事上/做某事处境困难 doing sth. 17. It’s just that… 这只是由于… 18. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事 doing sth. 忘记做过某事

19. get over 克服 20. for now 至今为止 21. open up 打开 22. care for 照顾 Key Points

1. true 符合客观事实的(人和事) really 真实存在的(人和事) 2. be sure that 确信…

3. I don’t think (that)… 我不认为…(否定前置) Grammar Focus

2

1. The object clause 宾语从句

⑴ 引导词 :that —— 引导陈述句,在句中可省略;

if,whether ——引导一般疑问句,可相互替换(从句中出现or not时只能使用whether); wh-,h- —— 引导特殊疑问句。

⑵ 时态: 注意:从句讲述的是客观真理时,不根据主句改变时态。 ⑶ 语序:引导词后加陈述句语序

“主句 + 引导词 + 从句主语 + 从句谓语 + 其他” 2. Direct Speech and Reported Speech

直接引语变为间接引语时参照宾语从句的变法,把双引号内的句子变为宾语从句即可。以下是另需变化的两点

⑷ 人称和所有格:“ 一主,二宾,三不变 ” ⑸ 状语与动词

Unit 5

Useful Expressions

1. have a great time 过得很愉快 2. wear jeans 穿牛仔裤 3. let sb. in/out/by 让某人进来/出去/过去 4. be late for 迟到

5. be sorry (that)… 感到遗憾 6. organize sth. for … 为…组织某事 7. half (of) the class 半班 8. take away… 把…拿走、没收 bring sth. to … 把某物带来… take sth. from … 从…把某物带走

9. Why not? 为什么不呢? 10. clean up 收拾干净 11. make a lot of money 挣许多钱

12. be famous for… 因…而出名 be famous as… 因作为…而出名

13. join = take part in 参加 14. a professional athlete 职业运动员 15. get injured 受伤 16. a great chance 一次好机会 17. all the time 一直 18. around the world = all over the world 全世界

19. make a living (by) doing sth. 做某事谋生

20. complain about sth. 抱怨某事 21. decide to do sth. 决定去做某事 22. in order to do sth. 以便、为了 that + 目的状语从句 = so that in order 整齐、有条理、正常 23. talk on the phone 讲电话

24. too much + 不可数名词 too many + 可数名词 much too + 形容词 25. against 反对、与…相反、与…对抗 26. argue against 抵制 Grammar Focus

1. The Conditional Adverbial Clause

条件状语从句由if或unless引导,表示如果有从句中的动作发生,就会有主句的动作发生。在条件状语从句中,主句是将来时、祈使句或含有情态动词的句子时,从句要使用一般现在时表达将来的意思(即:主将从现)。

if:如果

unless:除非 = if… not…,….

Eg. We will have a meeting tomorrow if Mr. Gao doesn’t leave for Shanghai. = We will have a meeting tomorrow unless Mr. Gao leaves for Shanghai. 2. Imperative

Unit 6

Useful Expressions 1. how long 多长时间了?

2. start class/skating/to skate 开始上课/滑冰 = begin class/skating/to skate

3. a skating marathon 一场滑冰马拉松 4. would like = ’d like 愿意、想要 5. run out of 跑完 6. by the way 顺便问一下 7. more than = over 超过 8. ever since 自从 9. raise money for charity 筹集善款 10. a pair of 一双 11. five and a half years 五年半 12. the whole five hours 整整五个小时 13. in Russian style 以俄罗斯的风格 Key sentences

1. Every hour they skate, each student raises ten yuan for charity. 每位学生每溜冰一个小时就能为慈善事业筹到10元钱。

3

every 和each 都表示“每一个”,但every是指整体,each是指每个个体。 2. Next is Sam. 紧接着的是Sam。

3. Because we’ve run out of room to store them. 因为我们已经没地方存放他们了。 4. By the way, what’s your hobby? 顺便问一下,你有什么爱好? 5. I am interested in the job as a writer. 我对这份作家的工作感兴趣。

6. In fact, the first Jews probably came to Kaifeng more than a thousand years ago. 事实上,首批犹太人可能是在一千多年前来到开封的。

7. The more I learn about Chinese history, the more I enjoy living in China. 我对中国历史了解的越多,我就越喜欢在中国生活。

8. Although I live quite far from Beijing, …. 虽然我住得离北京很远。 Grammar Focus

1. 现在完成进行时

(1) 结构:have/has + been + V.ing.

(2) 用法:表示从过去某一时刻开始,一直延续到现在且很有可能持续下去; I’ve been doing the cleaning all this morning.

表示从过去开始一直持续到现在的某一动作刚刚结束; You’re late again! I’ve been waiting here for an hour. 表示一个一直到说话时为止的一段时间内一再重复的动作。 I have been calling you several times in two days.

(3) 时间状语:all the time/this morning, since morning, all night, this week/month, recently 等 (4) 对现在完成进行时的时间状语进行提问时使用how long。 How long have you been skating?

I’ve been skating since I was seven years old. 2. 现在完成进行时与现在完成时区别:

现在完成进行时侧重于动作的持续、运行;而现在完成时强调动作的完成。如: I have written a letter to my father.(到现在信已写完) 我给我的父亲写了一封信。

I have been writing a letter to my father.(一直在写,现在还在写) 我一直在给我的父亲写信。I wrote a letter to my father. (写过信) 我给我的父亲写过一封信。

Unit 7

Useful Expressions

1. turn down/up 调小/大(音量) turn on/off 打开/关上(电源开关)

2. not at all 一点也不 3. right away = in a minute 立刻、马 4. do/wash the dish 洗碗5. get out of 出来 6. put on 穿上(动作) wear 穿着(状态)

7. feed the dog 喂狗 keep the dog 养狗 8. return … to … 把…还给… 9. help sb. do/with sth. 帮助某人做某事 10. make posters 制作海报 11. a terrible haircut 一个糟糕的发型 12. have a long telephone conversation 褒电话粥 13. wait in line 排队 cut in line 插队 14. follow sb. around 跟在某人周围 15. get mad = get annoy = get angry 感到恼火 16. all the time 一直 17. complain about 抱怨… 18. be polite 有礼貌

19. try (not) to do sth. 尽力(不去)做某事 20. must be 一定是 21. keep down 保持音量 22. seem like 看上去像… 23. be allowed 被允许 24. even if/though 尽管、即使 25. take care = be careful 小心 26. in public places 在公众场合 in public 公开地,当众地 27. put out 熄灭 28. drop litter 乱丢垃圾 29. pick up 捡起、拾起 Key sentences

1. Would you mind turning down the music? 你介不介意把音乐声关小呢? Would you mind (not) doing sth.? 你介不介意做(不做)…? = Would/Could you please (not) do sth.? 请你做(不做)…好吗? 2. I won’t be long. 我一会就好。

3. The pen you bought didn’t work. 你买的那把笔坏了。 = The pen you bought wasn’t broken.

= There was something wrong with the pen you bought. = Something was wrong with the pen you bought. 4. Here you are. 给你。

Here’s what they said. 以下是他们所说的。 5. I can’t stand it. 我无法忍受。

I can’t stand to see good food to waste. 我无法忍受看着好食物被浪费。

4

6. Could you please not follow me around? 请你不要跟着我四周好吗? 7. This happens to me all the time in the school library. 在学校图书馆我一直碰上这种事。

9. Would you mind keeping your voice down? 你介不介意把音量放小呢? voice: 名词,指说话和唱歌地嗓音; talk in a loud voice 高声交谈

noise: 名词,指人们不愿听到地噪音;

sound: 名词,泛指自然界一切可以听到的声音。 10. For example, dropping litter is almost never allowed. 例如,乱丢垃圾是不被允许的。

be allowed 被允许。 “be + 动词的过去分词”是被动语态

Unit 8

Useful Expressions

1. get her a scarf 送她一条围巾 2. compare with/to sth. …与…相比 3. not creative enough 不够有创意 4. easy/difficult to take care of 容易/难养活 5. these days 目前,现在 6. pot-bellied pig 大肚猪 7. spend with her 和她呆在一起 8. not … at all 根本不 9. fall asleep 入睡(动作) be asleep 入睡(状态) 10. half way = halfway 半道、中途 11. different kinds of 不同种类

12. pay for 付款 13. from across China = from all over China 来自全中国 14. as … as 与…一样… not as/so…as… 与…比不如其… 15. encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事 16. hear of 听说 17. make progress 取得进步 18. be able to = can 能够 19. have fun with sth. 做…有乐趣 Key sentences

1. Why don’t you get her a scarf? 为什么不给她买条围巾呢? get sb. sth. for … 为了… 给某人买某物

= get sth. to sb. for… (注意:当sth. 是代词时,不可使用第二种用法。) 2. That’s not interesting enough. 那不够有趣。

enough有两种词性:当它用来修饰形容词、副词时,作为副词,应放在所修饰的词之后,如上句;当它用来修饰名词时,应放在名词之后,如:I don’t have enough time to spend with her. 3. What’s the best gift (that) Joe has ever received? Joe曾经受到的最好的礼物 4. What a lucky guy! 幸运的家伙!

5. I think a dog is a good pet for a 6-year-old child. 我认为对于六岁的孩子一条狗会是一个好礼物。 6. Dogs are too difficult to take care of. 狗很难照料。

7. The trendiest kind of pet these days is the pot-bellied pig. 近来最流行的宠物是大腹便便的 8. Life with a pig isn’t always perfect. 和一只猪在一起生活并不总是完美的。 9. Now she’s too big to sleep in the house. 现在她太大了不能睡在屋子里。 too… to …:太…以致于不能… = so… that 主语 can’t …. e.g. He is too young to go to school. = He is so young that he can’t go to school. = He isn’t old enough to go to school. = He is very young and he can’t go to school.

注意:too…to…是一个简单句,而so…that…是一个复合句。并且当复合句中的主句主语和从句主语不同时,在句型中要用for sb.来表述。如:

The digital camera is so expensive that we can’t buy it. = The digital camera is too expensive for us to buy. = The digital camera isn’t cheap enough for us to buy. = The digital camera is very expensive and we can’t buy it.

10. My shoes were really cheap. They only cost $5. 我的鞋子真的很便宜。只要花5美圆。 cost:花费(金钱)主语为物; pay:花费(金钱)主语为人; take:花费(时间、金钱)主语为物; spend :花费(时间、金钱)主语为人。 Grammar Focus

1. Why don’t you get her a scarf?

= Why not get her a scarf? 为什么不给她买条围巾呢? How/What about doing sth.? 做…怎么样呢?

5

How/What about + (a/an) + n.? …怎么样呢?

2. Would you mind (not) doing sth.? 你介不介意做(不做)…? = Would/Could you please (not) do sth.? 请你做(不做)…好吗?

注意:7、8两个单元学习的几种礼貌的提出建议的方式要重点、综合复习。注意他们的搭配。

Unit 9

Useful Expressions

1. hear of 听说 hear from 收到…的消息/来信 2. take a ride 兜风 3. end up 结束 4. argue with sb. 与某人争吵 5. roller coaster 过山车 6. a flight attendant 一个机组乘务员 7. in fact 事实上

8. all over the world 全世界 9. think about 考虑 think of 想起;认为 10. rather than 宁可;而不是 11. neither…nor… 既不…也不… 12. three quarters of 四分之三 13. for example 举个例子

14. such as 例如 15. on the one hand,… on the other hand,…. 一方面…,另一方面… 16. be asleep 睡着(状态) fall asleep 睡着(动作) Key sentences

1. Have you ever been to a water park? 你曾经去过水上公园吗? No, I haven’t. 不,我没有。 Me neither. = Neither/Nor have I. 我也没有。

这是一个否定的省略句。它的结构是“ Neither/Nor + be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语”。而用在肯定的省略句中时要使用so,它的结构是“So+ be动词/助动词/情态动词”。如: -- I paid 20 yuan for this book. -- So did I.

2. The roller coaster is themed with Disney characters.过山车是以迪斯尼的人物为主题的。 3. The boats take different routes, but they all end up in the same place. 虽然船的路线不同,但它们都停泊在同一个地方。

4. It’s just so much fun in Disneyland. 迪斯尼乐园里有如此之多的乐趣。

5. It was because I could speak English that I got the job. 只是因为我能说英语,我得到了这份工 6. More than three quarters of the population are Chinese. 超过四分之三的人是中国人。

7. This is because the island is so close to the equator. So you can choose to go whenever you like. 就因为这个岛是如此接近赤道。所以只要你愿意你任何时候都可以去。

Grammar Focus 1. 现在完成时

(1) 用法:动作到现在已经完成或刚刚完成;

过去发生或已完成的动作对现在造成的结果和影响; 过去开始一直持续到现在的动作或状态。 (2) 基本结构:have/has + V.过去分词

(3) 时间状语:already, yet, just, ever, never, once, twice, so far, ever since, for a long time, for + 时间段, since + 过去的时间点/过去时的从句,等。 (4) 注意事项:

A. 现在完成时是现在的时态,重点表达目前的结果和状态;

B. 表示动作从过去开始持续到现在用for + 时间段, since +点时间连用。对for与since短语提问用how long。

C. 现在完成时从不与when引起的疑问句联用。 D. have been to:去过… have gone to:去了… have been in:呆在… E. 短暂性动词变为延续性动词:

buy --- have had borrow --- have kept join --- have been in / have been a member of

become --- have been a member make friends --- have been friends die --- have been dead get to know --- have known come/go to do --- have done catch a cold --- have had a cold begin/start to do --- have done begin / start --- have been on enter / come / arrive / get to / reach --- have been in/at go / leave for / set off / set out --- have been away from 2. since,for在现在完成(进行)时中的用法差异 (1) since 后接过去的时间点或一般过去时的从句。 He has been an English teacher since three years ago.

6

We have known each other since we came to study in this university. (2) for后接时间段

He has lived here for three years. 3. 现在完成时与一般过去时的区别

现在完成时表示过去发生的某一动作对现在造成的影响和结果,强调的是现在的情况,所以它不能和表示过去的时间状语连用,如:yesterday, last night, three weeks ago, in 1990等。

而一般过去时只表示过去的动作或状态,和现在不发生关系,它可以和表示过去的时间状语连用。如:

He has lived here since 1992. 1992年以来他一直住在这里。(他现在还住在这里) He lived here in 1992. 1992年他住在这里。(并不涉及他现在是否住在这里)

Unit 10

Useful Expressions

1. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事 forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事 2. look through 浏览

3. cross a busy street = go/walk across a busy street 穿过一条繁忙的街道 4. think of 想起、认为 5. come along 出现,发生

6. get along/on … with sb. 与某人相处的… 7. be friendly to sb. 对某人友好

8. have a birthday party 举办一个生日聚会 9. on Saturday night 在周六的晚上 10. at least 至少

11. at the school dining room 在学校的餐厅里 Key sentences

1. I hope so. 我希望如此。

so为代词,用来表示赞同前面所提及的内容。除了hope以外,还有think,believe,suppose,be afraid等,可与so连用。如:

Do you think it will rain this afternoon? 你认为下午会下雨吗?

I think/believe/suppose/hope/am afraid so. 我想/相信/猜/希望/恐怕会。

注意:用来表示不赞同前面所提及的内容,有两种不同的方法,不可混用。如: I don’t think so. 我不这么想。

I hope/suppose/am afraid not. 我希望/猜/恐怕不会这样。 2. How much did that shirt cost? 那件衬衫多少钱?

3. I feel like part of the group now. 现在我感觉像是他们中的一员了。 4. Friends like you make it a lot easier to get along in a new place. 有像你这样的一些朋友,使得我在新的地方很快就适应了。 Grammar Focus 反意疑问句

7

范文七:新目标英语八年级下册复习提纲

Review of units 1-5

Unit 1

Useful Expressions

1. make predictions 做预测

2. free time 空闲时间

3. fly„to„ 乘坐„飞往„

4. on a space station 在太空站上

5. I disagree. 我不同意.

6. fall/be in love with sb. 与sb.相爱

7. keep pets 养宠物

8. be able to 能够

9. predict the future 预测未来

10. come true 实现

11. see sb. do sth. 看见sb.做某事(的全过程)

doing sth. 看见sb.正在做某事(片断)

12. help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

13. hundreds of 数以百计的

14. try to do sth. 尽力做某事

15. look like 看上去长的像„

16. look for 寻找

17. 一段时间 + from now (从现在起)„之后

from now on = in the future 今后

Key Points

1. Do you think …?

I think (that)…. I don’t think (that)….

2. study at home on computer

辨析:on,in和with.

on:表示使用通讯工具、信息或传媒,乘坐交通工具等; in:使用语言文字等媒介;

with:借助具体的手段或工具。

Eg. I don’t want to talk about it on the phone.

Can you speak it in English?

Don’t write it with a red pen.

3. Will people use money in 100 years?

“in+时间”结构常与一般将来时连用,对其进行提问时用特殊疑问词how soon.

4. before

ago 与过去时连用

Grammar Focus

1. The Simple Future tense

一般将来时的三种基本结构:

⑴ will +V.

⑵ be going to +V.

⑶ be + Ving

一般将来时的时间状语:in + 时间,in the future,next + 时间,

与tomorrow 相关的时间,this + 时间,from now on,right now,some day„

2.形容词、副词的比较级用法

Unit 2

UE

1. argue with sb. 与某人争吵

about/over sth. 为某事争吵

2. out of style/danger 过时/脱离险境

in style/danger 时尚/处于危险之中

3. call up sb. (代词放中间)给某人打电话

4. keep out 不让„进入

5. What’s wrong? 怎么啦?

6. be surprised at „ 对„感到吃惊

7. borrow sth. from sb. 从某人那里借入某物

8. need to do sth. (某人)需要做某事

doing sth. (某物)需要做某事

9. pay „ for sth. 为某物付„(钱)

10. the same + n. + as„ 与„一样的n.

11. get on well with sb. 与某人相处融洽

12. have a fight with sb. 与某人争吵

13. take part in 加入

14. plan sth. for sb. 为某人计划某事

15. as much as possible 尽可能多的„

KP.

1. Sb. pay „for sth. 某人为某物花了„钱。

Sth. cost sb. „ 某物花了某人„钱。

Sb. spend „ on sth. 某人花了„(时间、金钱)在某事上。 (in) doing sth. 某人花了„(时间、金钱)做某事。 It takes/took sb. „ to do sth. 花了某人„(时间、金钱)做某事。

2. not „ until 直到„才„ (主句动词是短暂性动词)

until 一直到„ (主句中使用延续性动词)

3. leave

情态动词

1. 情态动词没有人称和数的变化;

2. 情态动词不能直接做谓语,必须和一个动词原形同时使用;

3. 大多数情态动词没有时态的变化;

4. 情态动词加上be,通常表示猜测的语气。

Unit3

UE

1. in front of ---- behide 在„的前面 ---- 在„的后面

in the front of ---- at the back of 在„的前部 ---- 在„的后部(包含在内)

2. take off 起飞

3. get out of 离开„

4. You are kidding. 胡说八道

5. follow sb. to do sth. 跟着某人做某事

6. get into 进入

7. shout at 训斥、责备

shout to 向„喊叫

8. What happen? 发生什么事了?

happen = take place 发生

9. in silence 沉默地

10. in space 在太空中

11. at the doctor’s 在诊所

12. jump down from„ 从„跳下

13. climb up the tree 爬上树

KP

“as + 形容词/副词的原级+as”表示“和„一样”

否定形式:“not as/so + 形容词/副词的原级+as” 表示“和„不一样” GF

1. The Past Progressive Tense

过去进行时

⑴用法:表示在过去某一时刻或某段时间内正在进行的动作。

⑵谓语结构:be ( was, were )+ Ving

⑶时间状语:at that time/moment

at + 点钟 + yesterday/last night

from +点钟 + to +点钟 + yesterday

this time yesterday

just then

when he came in, „.(when引导的时间状语从句是过去时,并且动词是短暂性动词时,主句使用过去进行时)

2. when & while

when与while都是从属连词,都有“当„„时”的意思。

when 可与一个点的时间或表示一段的时间连用,从句动词可以是短暂性或延续性动词;

while 只指一段时间,不能指一点时间。因此while从句中的谓语动词必须是延续性动词

Unit 4

UE

1. have a surprise party 举办一个惊喜派对

2. be mad at/with sb. for sth. 因为某事对某人发火

be mad about/on sth./sb. 对某事/某人很着迷

3. not „ anymore = not „ any more = no more 不再

4. first of all 首先

5. pass ( on ) sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人

pass on (代词放中间)

6. work on 从事

7. be supposed to = should 应该

8. be good/better/best at 擅长于„

do well/better/best in

9. report card 成绩单

10. the disappointing result 令人失望的结果

11. this semester 本学期

12. How’s it going? 你好吗?

How goes it?

How are things going?

13. be in good/poor/bad/ill health 健康状况好/不好/糟糕/病着

14. end of year exams 期末考

15. get/be nervous of sth./doing sth. 对某事/做某事感到紧张

16. have a hard time with sth. 在某事上/做某事处境困难

doing sth.

17. It’s just that„ 这只是由于„

18. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事

doing sth. 忘记做过某事

19. get over 克服

20. for now 至今为止

21. open up 打开

22. care for 照顾

1. true 符合客观事实的(人和事)

really 真实存在的(人和事)

2. be sure that 确信„

3. I don’t think (that)„ 我不认为„(否定前置)

1. The object clause

宾语从句

⑴ 引导词:that —— 引导陈述句,在句中可省略;

if,whether ——引导一般疑问句,可相互替换(从句中出现or not时只能使用whether);

wh-,h- —— 引导特殊疑问句。

主句 从句

一般现在时 各种时态

一般过去时 相应的过去时态

⑵ 时态:

注意:从句讲述的是客观真理时,不根据主句改变时态。

⑶ 语序:引导词后加陈述句语序

“主句 + 引导词 + 从句主语 + 从句谓语 + 其他”

2. Direct Speech and Reported Speech

直接引语变为间接引语时参照宾语从句的变法,把双引号内的句子变为宾语从句即可。以下是另需变化的两点

⑷ 人称和所有格:“ 一主,二宾,三不变 ”

⑸ 状语与动词

Unit 5

UE

1. have a great time 过得很愉快

2. wear jeans 穿牛仔裤

3. let sb. in/out/by 让某人进来/出去/过去

4. be late for 迟到

5. be sorry (that)„ 感到遗憾

6. organize sth. for „ 为„组织某事

7. half (of) the class 半班

8. take away„ 把„拿走、没收

bring sth. to „ 把某物带来„

take sth. from „ 从„把某物带走

9. Why not? 为什么不呢?

10. clean up 收拾干净

11. make a lot of money 挣许多钱

12. be famous for„ 因„而出名

be famous as„ 因作为„而出名

13. join = take part in 参加

14. a professional athlete 职业运动员

15. get injured 受伤

16. a great chance 一次好机会

17. all the time 一直

18. around the world = all over the world 全世界

19. make a living (by) doing sth. 做某事谋生

20. complain about sth. 抱怨某事

21. decide to do sth. 决定去做某事

22. in order to do sth. 以便、为了

that + 目的状语从句 = so that

in order 整齐、有条理、正常

23. talk on the phone 讲电话

KP

1. too much + 不可数名词

too many + 可数名词

much too + 形容词

2. against 反对、与„相反、与„对抗

argue against 抵制

GF

1. The Conditional Adverbial Clause

条件状语从句由if或unless引导,表示如果有从句中的动作发生,就会有主句的动作发生。在条件状语从句中,主句是将来时、祈使句或含有情态动词的句子时,从句要使用一般现在时表达将来的意思(即:主将从现)。 if:如果

unless:除非 = if„ not„,„.

Eg. We will have a meeting tomorrow if Mr. Gao doesn’t leave for Shanghai. = We will have a meeting tomorrow unless Mr. Gao leaves for Shanghai.

2. Imperative

范文八:八年级英语下册期末复习提纲

units1-7

Unit 1

Useful Expressions

1. make predictions 做预测

2. free time 空闲时间

3. fly…to… 乘坐…飞往…

4. on a space station 在太空站上

5. I disagree. 我不同意.

6. fall/be in love with sb. 与sb.相爱

7. keep pets 养宠物

8. be able to 能够

9. predict the future 预测未来

10. come true 实现

11. see sb. do sth. 看见sb.做某事(的全过程)

doing sth. 看见sb.正在做某事(片断)

12. help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

13. hundreds of 数以百计的

14. try to do sth. 尽力做某事

15. look like 看上去长的像…

16. look for 寻找

17. 一段时间 + from now (从现在起)…之后

from now on = in the future 今后

Key Points

1. Do you think …?

I think (that)….

I don’t think (that)….

2. study at home on computer

辨析:on,in和with.

on:表示使用通讯工具、信息或传媒,乘坐交通工具等;

in:使用语言文字等媒介;

with:借助具体的手段或工具。

Eg. I don’t want to talk about it on the phone.

Can you speak it in English?

Don’t write it with a red pen.

3. Will people use money in 100 years?

“in+时间”结构常与一般将来时连用,对其进行提问时用特殊疑问词how soon.

4. before

ago 与过去时连用

Grammar Focus

1. The Simple Future tense

一般将来时的三种基本结构:

⑴ will +V.

⑵ be going to +V.

⑶ be + Ving

一般将来时的时间状语:in + 时间,in the future,next + 时间,

与tomorrow 相关的时间,this + 时间,from now on,right now,some day…

2.形容词、副词的比较级用法

Unit 2

UE

1. argue with sb. 与某人争吵

about/over sth. 为某事争吵

2. out of style/danger 过时/脱离险境

in style/danger 时尚/处于危险之中

3. call up sb. (代词放中间)给某人打电话

4. keep out 不让…进入

5. What’s wrong? 怎么啦?

6. be surprised at … 对…感到吃惊

7. borrow sth. from sb. 从某人那里借入某物

8. need to do sth. (某人)需要做某事

doing sth. (某物)需要做某事

9. pay … for sth. 为某物付…(钱)

10. the same + n. + as… 与…一样的n.

11. get on well with sb. 与某人相处融洽

12. have a fight with sb. 与某人争吵

13. take part in 加入

14. plan sth. for sb. 为某人计划某事

15. as much as possible 尽可能多的…

KP.

1. Sb. pay …for sth. 某人为某物花了…钱。

Sth. cost sb. … 某物花了某人…钱。

Sb. spend … on sth. 某人花了…(时间、金钱)在某事上。

(in) doing sth. 某人花了…(时间、金钱)做某事。

It takes/took sb. … to do sth. 花了某人…(时间、金钱)做某事。

2. not … until 直到…才… (主句动词是短暂性动词)

until 一直到… (主句中使用延续性动词)

3. leave

新课标第一网

GF

情态动词

1. 情态动词没有人称和数的变化;

2. 情态动词不能直接做谓语,必须和一个动词原形同时使用;

3. 大多数情态动词没有时态的变化;

4. 情态动词加上be,通常表示猜测的语气。

新 课 标第 一网

Unit3

UE

1. in front of ---- behide 在…的前面 ---- 在…的后面

in the front of ---- at the back of 在…的前部 ---- 在…的后部(包含在内)

2. take off 起飞

3. get out of 离开…

4. You are kidding. 胡说八道

5. follow sb. to do sth. 跟着某人做某事

6. get into 进入

7. shout at 训斥、责备

shout to 向…喊叫

8. What happen? 发生什么事了?

happen = take place 发生

9. in silence 沉默地

10. in space 在太空中

11. at the doctor’s 在诊所

12. jump down from… 从…跳下

13. climb up the tree 爬上树

KP

“as + 形容词/副词的原级+as”表示“和…一样”

否定形式:“not as/so + 形容词/副词的原级+as” 表示“和…不一样”

新课标第一网xkb1.com

GF

1. The Past Progressive Tense

过去进行时

⑴用法:表示在过去某一时刻或某段时间内正在进行的动作。

⑵谓语结构:be ( was, were )+ Ving

⑶时间状语:at that time/moment

at + 点钟 + yesterday/last night

from +点钟 + to +点钟 + yesterday

this time yesterday

just then

when he came in, ….(when引导的时间状语从句是过去时,并且动词是短暂性动词时,主句使用过去进行时)

2. when & while

when与while都是从属连词,都有“当……时”的意思。

when 可与一个点的时间或表示一段的时间连用,从句动词可以是短暂性或延续性动词; while 只指一段时间,不能指一点时间。因此while从句中的谓语动词必须是延续性动词。

Unit 4

UE

1. have a surprise party 举办一个惊喜派对

2. be mad at/with sb. for sth. 因为某事对某人发火

be mad about/on sth./sb. 对某事/某人很着迷

3. not … anymore = not … any more = no more 不再

4. first of all 首先

5. pass ( on ) sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人

pass on (代词放中间)

6. work on 从事

7. be supposed to = should 应该

8. be good/better/best at 擅长于…

do well/better/best in

9. report card 成绩单

10. the disappointing result 令人失望的结果

11. this semester 本学期

12. How’s it going? 你好吗?

How goes it?

How are things going?

13. be in good/poor/bad/ill health 健康状况好/不好/糟糕/病着

14. end of year exams 期末考

15. get/be nervous of sth./doing sth. 对某事/做某事感到紧张

16. have a hard time with sth. 在某事上/做某事处境困难

doing sth.

17. It’s just that… 这只是由于…

18. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事

doing sth. 忘记做过某事

19. get over 克服

20. for now 至今为止

21. open up 打开

22. care for 照顾

KP

1. true 符合客观事实的(人和事)

really 真实存在的(人和事)

2. be sure that 确信…

3. I don’t think (that)… 我不认为…(否定前置)

GF

1. The object clause

宾语从句

⑴ 引导词:that —— 引导陈述句,在句中可省略;

if,whether ——引导一般疑问句,可相互替换(从句中出现or not时只能使用whether); wh-,h- —— 引导特殊疑问句。

⑵ 时态:

注意:从句讲述的是客观真理时,不根据主句改变时态。

⑶ 语序:引导词后加陈述句语序

“主句 + 引导词 + 从句主语 + 从句谓语 + 其他”

2. Direct Speech and Reported Speech

直接引语变为间接引语时参照宾语从句的变法,把双引号内的句子变为宾语从句即可。以下是另需变化的两点

⑷ 人称和所有格:“ 一主,二宾,三不变 ”

⑸ 状语与动词

Unit 5

UE (Useful Expression)

1. have a great time 过得很愉快

2. wear jeans 穿牛仔裤

3. let sb. in/out/by 让某人进来/出去/过去

4. be late for 迟到

5. be sorry (that)… 感到遗憾

6. organize sth. for … 为…组织某事

7. half (of) the class 半班

8. take away… 把…拿走、没收

bring sth. to … 把某物带来…

take sth. from … 从…把某物带走

9. Why not? 为什么不呢?

10. clean up 收拾干净

11. make a lot of money 挣许多钱

12. be famous for… 因…而出名

be famous as… 因作为…而出名

13. join = take part in 参加

14. a professional athlete 职业运动员

15. get injured 受伤

16. a great chance 一次好机会

17. all the time 一直

18. around the world = all over the world 全世界

19. make a living (by) doing sth. 做某事谋生

20. complain about sth. 抱怨某事

21. decide to do sth. 决定去做某事

22. in order to do sth. 以便、为了

that + 目的状语从句 = so that

in order 整齐、有条理、正常

23. talk on the phone 讲电话

KP(Key sentences)

1. too much + 不可数名词

too many + 可数名词

much too + 形容词

2. against 反对、与…相反、与…对抗

argue against 抵制

GF

1. The Conditional Adverbial Clause

条件状语从句由if或unless引导,表示如果有从句中的动作发生,就会有主句的动作发生。在条件状语从句中,主句是将来时、祈使句或含有情态动词的句子时,从句要使用一般现在时表达将来的意思(即:主将从现)。

if:如果

unless:除非 = if… not…,….

Eg. We will have a meeting tomorrow if Mr. Gao doesn’t leave for Shanghai.

= We will have a meeting tomorrow unless Mr. Gao leaves for Shanghai.

2. Imperative

Unit 6

Useful Expression

1. how long 多长时间了?

2. start class/skating/to skate 开始上课/滑冰

= begin class/skating/to skate

3. a skating marathon 一场滑冰马拉松

4. would like = ’d like 愿意、想要

5. run out of 跑完

6. by the way 顺便问一下

7. more than = over 超过

8. ever since 自从

9. raise money for charity 筹集善款

10. a pair of 一双

11. five and a half years 五年半

12. the whole five hours 整整五个小时

13. in Russian style 以俄罗斯的风格

Key sentences

1. Every hour they skate, each student raises ten yuan for charity.每位学生每溜冰一个小时就能为慈善事业筹到10元钱。

every 和each 都表示“每一个”,但every是指整体,each是指每个个体。

2. Next is Sam. 紧接着的是Sam。

3. Because we’ve run out of room to store them. 因为我们已经没地方存放他们了。

4. By the way, what’s your hobby? 顺便问一下,你有什么爱好?

5. I am interested in the job as a writer. 我对这份作家的工作感兴趣。

6. In fact, the first Jews probably came to Kaifeng more than a thousand years ago.事实上,首批犹太人可能是在一千多年前来到开封的。

7. The more I learn about Chinese history, the more I enjoy living in China. 我对中国历史了解的越多,我就越喜欢在中国生活。

8. Although I live quite far from Beijing, …. 虽然我住得离北京很远。

Grammar

1. 现在完成进行时

(1) 结构:have/has + been + V.ing.

(2) 用法:表示从过去某一时刻开始,一直延续到现在且很有可能持续下去;

I’ve been doing the cleaning all this morning.

表示从过去开始一直持续到现在的某一动作刚刚结束;

You’re late again! I’ve been waiting here for an hour.

表示一个一直到说话时为止的一段时间内一再重复的动作。

I have been calling you several times in two days.

(3) 时间状语:all the time/this morning, since morning, all night,

this week/month, recently 等

(3) 对现在完成进行时的时间状语进行提问时使用how long。

How long have you been skating?

I’ve been skating since I was seven years old.

for 5 years old.

2. 现在完成进行时与现在完成时区别:

现在完成进行时侧重于动作的持续、运行;而现在完成时强调动作的完成。如:

I have written a letter to my father.(到现在信已写完)我给我的父亲写了一封信。

I have been writing a letter to my father.(一直在写,现在还在写)我一直在给我的父亲写信。 再看:I wrote a letter to my father. 我给我的父亲写过一封信。

Unit 7

Useful Expression

1. turn down/up 调小/大(音量)

turn on/off 打开/关上(电源开关)

2. not at all 一点也不

3. right away = in a minute 立刻、马上

4. do/wash the dish 洗碗

5. get out of 出来

6. put on 穿上(动作)

wear 穿着(状态)

7. feed the dog 喂狗

keep the dog 养狗

8. return … to … 把…还给…

9. help sb. do/with sth. 帮助某人做某事

10. make posters 制作海报

11. a terrible haircut 一个糟糕的发型

12. have a long telephone conversation 褒电话粥

13. wait in line 排队

cut in line 插队

14. follow sb. around 跟在某人周围

15. get mad = get annoy = get angry 感到恼火

16. all the time 一直

17. complain about 抱怨…

18. be polite 有礼貌

19. try (not) to do sth. 尽力(不去)做某事

20. must be 一定是

21. keep down 保持音量

22. seem like 看上去像…

23. be allowed 被允许

24. even if/though 尽管、即使

25. take care = be careful 小心

26. in public places 在公众场合

in public 公开地,当众地

27. put out 熄灭

28. drop litter 乱丢垃圾

29. pick up 捡起、拾起

Key sentences

1. Would you mind turning down the music? 你介不介意把音乐声关小呢? Would you mind (not) doing sth.? 你介不介意做(不做)…?

= Would/Could you please (not) do sth.? 请你做(不做)…好吗?

2. I won’t be long. 我一会就好。

3. The pen you bought didn’t work. 你买的那把笔坏了。

= The pen you bought wasn’t broken.

= There was something wrong with the pen you bought.

= Something was wrong with the pen you bought.

4. Here you are. 给你。

Here’s what they said. 以下是他们所说的。

5. I can’t stand it. 我无法忍受。

I can’t stand to see good food to waste. 我无法忍受看着好食物被浪费。

6. Could you please not follow me around? 请你不要跟着我四周好吗?

7. This happens to me all the time in the school library.

在学校图书馆我一直碰上这种事。

9. Would you mind keeping your voice down? 你介不介意把音量放小呢? voice: 名词,指说话和唱歌地嗓音; talk in a loud voice 高声交谈

noise: 名词,指人们不愿听到地噪音;

sound: 名词,泛指自然界一切可以听到的声音。

10. For example, dropping litter is almost never allowed.

例如,乱丢垃圾是不被允许的。

be allowed 被允许。 “be + 动词的过去分词”是被动语态

新课标第一网xkb1.com

范文九:八年级英语下册复习提纲Unit3

Unit3

What were you doing when the UFO arrived?

一、本单元的重点词组:

在……(范围之外)的前面 in the front of… 在……(范围之内)的前面 2. at the barber shop 在理发店里 at the doctor’s 在医务室,在诊所 3. in the hospital 在医院(工作) in hospital 在医院(生病住院) 4. get out of … 从…出来 5. sleep late 睡懒觉 get to sleep=fall asleep 睡着 6. cook dinner 煮饭 7. cut hair 理发 8. walk down/go along… 沿……走 9. call the police 报警 10. take off (飞机)起飞;脱(衣) land on … 降落… 11. an unusual experience 一次不寻常的经历 12. at around 10 o’clock 在 10 点钟左右 13. the Museum of Flight 航空博物馆 14. take photos 照相 15. run away 跑开;逃跑 16. walk around 四处走走 17. think about… 考虑,思考… 18. outside the station 在车站外 19. You are kidding! 你在开玩笑吧! 20. follow sb to do sth 跟随某人去做某事 21. shout at sb 对某人/某物喊叫(不礼貌) shout to sb 向某人喊叫(担心听不见) 22. jump down from… 从…往下跳 23. climb up the tree 爬树 24. in a tree 在树上(外来的物) on a tree 在树上(树本身的物) 25. Beijing International Airport 北京国际机场 26. in history 在历史上 in space 在太空 27. hear about/of… 听说… 28. ask sb (not) to do sth. 要某人(不)去做某事 29. in silence 沉默不语 30. take place (有计划、有安排)发生 What happened to sb/sth? (意外) 发生 31. the World Trade Center 世贸中心(美国) 32. a national hero 一个民族英雄 33. all over the world= around the world 全世界 34. have fun= enjoy oneself 玩得愉快 have fun doing sth 做某事有乐趣 have difficulties doing sth 做某事有困难 35. be destroyed by sb 被某人毁坏 be killed by sb 被某人杀害 36. have meaning to sb 对某人有意义 37. as+ adj/adv(原形) +as… 和…一样… 38. last about 22 hours 持续 22 个小时 39. do sth for the first time 第一次做某事 40. not all… 并非所有的… 41. everyday activity 日常的活动

1. in front of…

(www.wenku1.com)二、本单元的目标句型: 1. What were you doing when the UFO landed? 2. While my mother was cooking , I was watching TV. 3. I was walking down the street when a UFO landed right in front of me. 4. You can image how strange it was. 5. I followed it to see where it was going. 6. Isn’t that amazing! 7. She didn’t thinking about looking outside the station. 8. I was so tired this morning. It was difficult to get out of the bed. 9. Liu Xiang won the gold medal at the 2004 Olympics. 10. Beijng was made host to the 2008 Olympics. 11. People often remember what they were doing when they heard the news of important events in history. 12. This was one of the most important events in modern American history. 13. Even the most everyday activities can seem important. 14. Our teacher asked us to stop what we were doing and listen. 1

5. However, in more recent times, most Americans remember what they were doing when the World Trade Center in New York was destroyed by terrorists. 16. Not all events in history are as terrible as this, of course. 17. His flight around the Earth lasted about 22 hours. 三、本单元的语法讲解:

过去进行时

1.含义:表示在过去某一时刻或某段时间内正在进行的动作。 2.结构:be ( was, were )+ Ving 3.标志词:at that(this) time(moment) yesterday(last sunday...), just then, at + 点钟 + yesterday/last night, from +点钟 + to +点钟 + yesterday, when he came in, ….(when 引导的时间状语从句是过去时,并 且动词是短暂性动词时, 主句使用过去进行时) 四、本单元的书面表达:

2008 年,在中国发生了不少重大事件。请根据下面表格中的信 息提示,描述当这些事件发生时,你在干什么。70-80 词。

Time 2:28 pm, May 12th, 2008 8:00 pm, August 8th, 2008 September 25th, 2008 Events A big earthquake happened in Wenchuan, Sichuan. The 29th Olympics opened in Beijing. Shenzhou VII went into space.

I still remember what I was doing when these important events happened. When the big earthquake happened on May 12th, 2008, I was taking an English lesson in the classroom. I felt very sorry. And I was watching TV with my parents when the 29th Olympics opened in Beijing. How exciting it was! When Shenzhou VII went into space on September 25th, I was listening to the radio with my classmates. We talked about it a lot.

范文十:八年级下册英语复习提纲

Unit 1 Will people have robots?

1.There will be sth.= There is /are going to be sth. 将有…..

2.be free 空闲的

3.on computer 在电脑上

4.live to be + 岁数 活到…

5.fewer +可数名词复数 更少...

6.less +不可数名词 更少的…

7.(many /much) more +可数名词复数/不可数名词 更多的…

8.be crowded 拥挤的

9.in five years 五年后(一般将来时)

10.five years ago 五年前(一般过去时)

11.Sb will be +职业 某人将成为…

12.live in …住在…

13.fly to the moon 飞到月亮上

14.fall in love with …爱上…

15.be able to do sth =can do sth 能做…

16.keep a pet 养宠物

17.What will the weather be like tomorrow ?明天天气将会怎么样?

18.come true 实现

19.hear of …听说…

20.in the future 在将来

21.help sb (to) do sth = help sb with +名词 帮助某人做…

22.hundreds of 数百

23.thousands of 数千

24.try to do sth尽力做…

25.try not to do sth尽力不做…

26.make/let sb +动词原形 让某人做…

27.the same as …与…相同

28.look like …看起来像…

29.wake up 醒来

30.It’s +形容词+(for sb)+to do sth 对某人而言,做某事是…的

31.over and over again 反复,一遍又一遍

32.There be sb/sth +doing +地点 某处有…在做…

33.look for …寻找

Unit 2 What should I do?

1.want sb to do sth =would like sb to do sth 想要某人做…

2.argue with ..和…争吵

3.out of style 过时

4.in style 流行的

5.adj/adv +enough足够的…

6.enough +n 足够的

7.What’s wrong with …? =What’s the matter/trouble/problem with…? 某人/某物怎么啦?

8.call sb up =call sb 给某人打电话

9.a ticket to a ball game 一场球赛的票

10.write sb a letter =write a letter to sb 给某人写信

11.on the phone 在电话上

12.talk about 谈论…

13.be surprised at sth/doing sth 对…感到惊讶

14.get a part time job 找到一份兼职工作

15.borrow sth from …从…借到…

16.lend sth to sb 把…借给…

17.ask sb for sth 向某人请求

18.either也 否定句句末 too 肯定句句末

19.buy sth for sb = buy sb sth 为某人买…

20.like to do sth /like doing sth 喜欢做…

21.That’s a good idea 好主意

22.tell sb (not) to do sth 告诉某人(不要)做某事

23.I don’t know what to do 我不知道做什么

24.else别的 位于特殊疑问词和不定代词之后(somebody else , what else) other 放在名词之前

25.except sb/sth/doing sth 除…之外 (不包括) besides 除…之外还有

26.be upset 沮丧

27.leave sth +介词地点 把…遗忘在…

28.get on/along well with sb 和某人相处得好

29.have a (fight with) sb 与某人打架

30.give some advice 提建议

31.busy enough 足够忙的

32.from…to 从…到…

33.It’s time for +名词 = It’s time to do sth 该做…的时候了

34.as much as possible 尽可能多的

35.complain about sb/sth/doing sth 抱怨…

36.under too much pressure 处于太大的压力下

37.take part in …参加…

38.see sb doing sth 看见某人在做… see sb do sth 看见某人做了… 39.compare …with…把…和…作比较

40.send sb. sth. =send sth to sb 送某人某物

41.Sb. find it +形容词+to do sth某人发觉做某事是…的 eg: We find it important to learn English .

42.on the one hand 在一方面

43.on the other hand 在另一方面

Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?

1.in front of…在…的前面(范围外) in the front of (范围内)

2.get out of …从…出来

3.take off from… 从…起飞

4.land on …降落…

5.call the police 报警

6.at around 10 o’clock 在大约10点钟

7.follow sb to do sth 跟随某人做某事

8.walk down …沿着…走

9.jump down 跳下来

10.take a photo 照像

11. on/in the tree在树上

12.run away 逃跑

13.think about …考虑…

14.ask sb (not) to do sth 请某人(不要)做某事

15.in silence 沉默地

16.at that time 在那时 at this time 在这时

17.in space 在太空中

18.Man walked on the moon for the first time . 人类第一次在月球上行走.

19.all over the world =around the world 全世界

20.in the city of …在…市

21.take place = happen 发生

22.hear about … 听说…

23.be born 出生

24.as +形/副(原级)+as …与…一样

25.The girl was shopping when the alien got out. /While the girl was shopping ,the alien got out . 当女孩在买东西的时候,外星人出来了.

Unit 4 He said I was hard-working.

1.have a surprise(surprising) party for sb 为某人举行一个惊喜的聚会

2.get/be mad at sb/sth 对…生气/恼火

3.on Friday evening 在星期五晚上

4.not …any more /any longer 不再

5.first of all =at first 首先

6.at the bus stop 在公共汽车站

7.pass sth on to sb 把…传给…

8.be good at =do well in +名词/代词/doing sth.在…方面做得好

9.be better at =do better in +名/代/doing sth. 在…方面做得更好

10.be hard-working 勤奋的

11.I’m sorry to hear that 听到你那样说我感到难过

12.have a cold 感冒

13. be/keep in good health = keep/stay healthy 保持健康

14.end-of-year exams 年终考试

15.report card 成绩单

16.get +形容词 变得…(例get tired/get angry/get nervous)

17.be surprised to do sth 对做某事感到惊讶

18.have a hard /difficult time +doing sth./with sth 在…方面很费时间/在…方面不顺利

19.get over …原谅/克服…

20.one’s own sth 某人自己的事物(my own work)

21.forget to do sth 忘记要做某事 forget doing sth 忘记已做某事

22.change one’s life 改变某人的生活

23.sound like +形容词 听起来…

24.open up one’s eyes to …开阔某人的视野

25.there times a day 一天三次

26.both…and…两者都…most of …在…中的绝大多数

27.between…and…在…与…之间

28.feel lucky 感到幸运的

29.some of …在…中的一些 one of …在…中之一

30.return to…回到…

31.return sth to …把…还给…=give back sth to…

Unit 5 If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time!

1.If you go to the party ,you will have a good time .(if引导的条件状语从句,时态是 “主将从现”)

2.go to the party 去参加聚会

3.have a great/good time =have fun = enjoy oneself 玩得高兴,过得愉快 4.let sb in 让某人进入

5.take away 拿走

6.all the time = always 总是,一直

7.make a living 谋生

8.in order to …为了…

9.study for …test 为…考试而学习

10.stay at home 呆在家里

11.Let’s have/make it …让我们约定在…

12.half the class 一半的学生

13.end-of-year party 年终晚会

14.go to college 上大学

15.travel around the world 环游世界

16.make a lot of money 赚很多钱

17.get an education 受教育

18.in fact 事实上

19.a professional soccer player 一名职业足球运动员

20.play sports for a living 以运动为谋生

21.get injured 受伤

22.be famous for…因…而出名

23.too much+不可数名词/too many+可数名词复数 太多的…

24.much too +形/副词 实在太…

25.so much +不可数名词 /so many +可数名词复数 如此多…

26.the past tense of … …的过去式

Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells?

1.现在完成进行时态结构:sb have/has been +ving

2.for+时间段 已…了

3.since +时间点/从句(一般过去时)自从…起

4.How long …多久 (对for/since提问)

5.a pair of …一双、一条、一副…(eg: a pair of glasses/skates/shoes/pants )

6.raise…for 为…筹集..(raise money for charity 为慈善机构募捐)

7.the first …to do sth 做某事的第一个人 (eg She is the first student to get to school .)

8.the whole five hours =all the five hours 整整五个小时

9.three and a half years =three years and a half 三年半

10.Sb.run out of sth.某人用完了某物

11.thanks for sth /doing sth 谢谢你…

12.by the way 顺便说,顺便问一下

13.on my seventh birthday 在我第七个生日

14.be interested in sth /doing sth对…感兴趣

15.fly a kite 放风筝

16.finish doing sth 做完某事

17.the capital of … …的首都/省会

18.It was interesting for me to learn history. 学习历史对我来说很有趣.

19.more than =over 超过…,多于…

20.less than …少于…

21.the +比较级,the +比较级 越…,就越… eg: The more trees we plant , the more beautiful our school is . 我们种的树越多,我们的学校就越美.

22.比较级+and+比较级 越来越…

23.far from …离…远

Unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music?

1.Would you mind doing sth? 你介意(反对)做某事吗?

Would you mind not doing sth.?

2.Could/Would you please do sth? 请你做某事,行吗?

Could/Would you please not do sth.?

3.turn on 打开

4.turn off 关掉

5.turn up 调高

6.turn down 调低

7.Not at all 不用谢

8.Not…at all 根本不,一点也不

9.right away=at once=right now=in a minute 马上,立刻

10.do the dishes 洗盘子

11.put on 穿上

12.take off 脱下;起飞

13.at a meeting 在开会

14.(That’s) no problem. 没问题

15.wait in line=join the line=stand in line 排队

16.cut/jump in line 插队

17.Sth. happen to sb. 某人发生某事

18.go back to…回到…

19.get annoyed 变得生气

20.stand in the subway door 站在地铁门口

21.welcome to…欢迎到…

22.the way to…去…的路

23.a bit + 形=a little + 形 一点…

24.a bit of +不可数名词=a little +不可数名词

25.wait for… 等候…

26.look up to sb. 尊重某人

27.look up 查寻;抬头看

28.keep…down压低声音

29.some time 一段时间 sometime 某时 sometimes 有时 some times 几次

30.close to=next to…靠近…

31.if possible 如果可能的话

32.put out 熄灭

33.take care=be careful 小心,当心

34.take care (not) to do sth. 小心(不要)做某事

35.take care of = look after 照看

36.pick up 拾起

37.give some suggestion 提建议

38.drop litter 扔垃圾

39.in an English-speaking country 在一个说英语的国家

40.in public places 在公共场所

41.break the rules 违反规定

42.one of the +最高级+复数名词 ….中的之一 eg: One of the most polite ways

Unit 8 Why don’t you get her a scarf?

1.Let’s do sth. 让我们做…吧

2.Shall I/we do sth.? 我/我们做…行吗?

3.How/What about doing sth.? 做…怎么样?

4.Would you like to do sth.? 你想要做…吗?

5.Why don’t you do sth.?= Why not do sth.? 你为什么不做…呢?

6.What should I do? 我应当怎么做?

7.get/buy sb sth.= get/buy sth. for sb. 买某物给某人

8.That sounds good. 那听起来不错. (sound +形)

9.receive sth. from….=get sth. from… 从某人处收到某物

10.What a lucky guy !多幸运的小伙子!

11.leave school 毕业,离校

12.mouse老鼠----mice

13.a six-year-old child 一个6岁的孩子

14.too +形/副 +to do sth. 太…而不能…

15.these days 目前

16.all day 全天

17.named/called 被叫做…

18.give away 赠送

19.fall asleep 入睡

20.rather than +名/代/动词原形 宁愿…而不愿…

21.in different ways 用不同的方法

22.on stage 在舞台上

23.as +形/副(原级)+as …与…一样

24.make progress 取得进步

25.encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事 26.find out 找出

27.make friends with…与…交朋友

28.the men’s/women’s competition 男/女子组比赛

29.across China = all over China 全中国

30.the Olympic Games = the Olympics 奥运会

31.win the prize 获奖

32.have fun doing sth.=have fun with sth. 做…很愉快

Unit 9 Have you ever been to an amusement park?

1.have/has been to…去过…

2.have/has never been to…从未去过…

3.have/has gone to…去了…

4.have/has been a /an +职业+for…./since…成为一名…已经…了. 5.have/has been in/at +地点+for…./since… 在某处已经…了.

6.have/has been doing sth. +for…./since… 做某事已经…了.

7.since +时间点/从句(过去时) 自…..以来 for +时间段 已经….了. 提问用:How long 多久

8.Me too.我也如此.

9.Me neither. 我也不是这样.

10.space museum 航空博物馆

11.end up 结束

12.one…the other…. 一个…另一个…

13.on board 在船上

14.take a ride 兜风

15.take different rutes 沿不同线路

16.improve English 提高英语

17.How do you spell…? 怎样拼写…?

18.need to do sth. 需要做某事

19.such as…例如

20.take lessons 上课

21.start to do sth./doing sth. 开始做某事

22.think about 考虑

23.think of 想出;认为

24.take a holiday 度假

25.in Southeast Asia 在东南亚

26.have some problems (in) doing sth. 做某事有困难

27.three quarters of…四分之三的…

28.all year round 一年到头

29.be asleep 睡着的

30.be awake 醒着的

31.at night 在晚上

32.in the day 在白天

33.something to eat/drink 一些吃/喝的东西

34.choose to do sth. 选择做某事

35.population 人口

Unit 10 It’s a nice day, isn’t it?

1.look through 浏览

2.in an elevator 在电梯里

3.on the weekend 在周末

4.by +时间 到…为止

5.have a good day 度过愉快的一天

6.Sth. cost sb. some money 某物花某人多少钱

7.Sb. pay some money for sth. 某人为某物付多少钱

8.Sb. spend some money on sth. 某人花多少钱在某物上

9.Sb. spend some time (in) doing sth.= It takes sb. some time to do sth. 某人花费多少时间做某事

10.tell sb. about sth. 告诉某人有关…

11.be friendly to sb. 对某人友好

12.enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

13.at least 至少