八年级语文上册课本

语文课本八年级上册

【范文精选】语文课本八年级上册

【范文大全】语文课本八年级上册

【专家解析】语文课本八年级上册

【优秀范文】语文课本八年级上册

范文一:八年级上册语文课程纲要

八年级语文(上)课程纲要

学 校 安庆沟中学 授课对象 八五班、八六班

语文代表的是一个国家的精神、思想和人文底蕴。

语文学科的“三性”,构建了语文能力的大厦。首先是它的工具性决定了语文学科的主体能力要求。基于对语文工具性的这一认识,将语文能力明

课程类型 必修类型

课时安排92课时左右

设计教师 宋赛男

日期 2014、7

学 科 思 想

确地定为:现代文、文言文阅读能力、理解运用语言文字能力、提取分析综合语言信息能力、文学鉴赏评价能力、审美创新能力、写作能力、口语交际能力。

其次是它的文学性。语文的文学性造就了语文的发展能力。文学是用形象教育人,而用语言塑造的形象,不仅有音乐美,形象美,而且还有内在美。因而学者只有具备一定的文学鉴赏评价能力,才能以敏锐的观察力、丰富的想象力、高度的概括力去品味去感受形象。

语文的人文性。这是传统语文教育的精华。语文的人文性建构了语文学习的高层能力。不管什么时代,不论什么政权,似乎都在强调做人,强调精神、人格以及道德的力量。语文教育正是以真情感人,以形象美人,以意境启人,以积极向上的语文学科思想塑造语文人格。

学 科 学 习 方

语文的特点主要有三:一是开放性。语文的外延和生活相等,生活的任何内容都离不开语文,只要有意识地学习,在生活的任何场合都可以学到语文。因而语文具有最便于自学的突出特点。二是情感性。“文章不是无情物。”不仅文章,就连我们民族的文字也个个充满着感情色彩。教师带着感情教,才有可能教好;学生带着感情学,才有可能学好。离开了感情因素去单纯地学知识,是导致学生对语文厌学的重要愿意之一。三是灵活性。语文学科的知识体系不像其他学科那样呈现线形或链条形排列,而是螺旋式上升。因而

语文学习的循序渐进、由浅入深,不是很严格的,是相对而言的。学习语文不能搞自我封闭,机械死板的学。

教学 方法 与 策 略

母语是人生智慧的源泉,语文是学校百科的基础,传播中华文明,陶冶公民性情;母语教育需要辨究艺术,激发创新思维,养育学子心灵;语文教学需要运用策略,讲究艺术能给母语课堂添彩,运用策略可使语文教师精进。

本册课文共六个单元。每个单元五课。全册中,教读课文16课,每课一般用两至三课时,课文前面有预习提示,或提供背景材料,或针对课文的重点和难点提出一些启发性问题,引起学生的思考;课后有研讨与练习,或提出一些字词,要求学生利用工具书去理解和掌握。或帮助学生从总体上把握课文,学习课文最精彩之处,通过动手来巩固应用课文中学到的东西,通过联想、比较等进行扩展阅读。

语文课堂是一个充满活力的生命整体,处处蕴含着矛盾,其中生成与预设之间的平衡与突破,是一个永恒的主题。预设与生成是辩证的对立统一体,课堂教学既需要预设,也需要生成,预设与生成是课堂教学的两翼,缺一不可。预设体现对文本的尊重,生成体现对学生的尊重;预设体现教学的计划性和封闭性,生成体现教学的动态性和开放性,两者具有互补性。教学既要重视知识学习的逻辑和效率,又要注重生命体验的过程和质量,但是生成对教学目标的达成有利亦也弊,所以,我们的课堂教学实际上总是在努力追寻着预设与生成之间的一种动态平衡。

学 生 特 点

本期所教的八年级一、二两个远程班,学生的综合素养相对较为整齐,多数学生对语文学习有一定的兴趣,也初步掌握了一套适合自己的学习方法。相对来看,语文方面的能力和水平较之于刚入校门时都有了不同程度的提高。大部分学生对基础知识掌握的较扎实,字、词、句基本上能过关,作文的水平也有一定提高,掌握了一定的写作技巧,能写出符合要求的记叙文,并且能写出真情实感,字数方面基本达到了六百字以上的要求。多数学生学习主动性得以加强,能够自主学习,认真完成作业。对于课文能做到主动预习,自己处理字词,熟读课文,主动解决课后习题。有不明白的问题,小组讨论解决,大胆质疑。利用课外时间,能够大量阅读名著,并坚持写读书笔记,每周能积累一定数量的好词、佳段、名文。学生在诗词方面也比较重视积累。但也有个别学生,学习被动,方法欠当,接受能力和理解能力欠缺。本期仍

要努力培养他们对语文学习的兴趣,使他们尽快掌握一定的学习方法和技巧。

课 程 目 标

1、通过识记、听写等手段,积累生字、新词;在理解诵读的基础上,背诵名篇名段。 2、以课文为范例,对学生进行朗读方法的指导,通过朗读,感受课文意境,理解作者的思想感情,品味优美语言。

3、通过自主、合作、探究的学习方法,使学生能够理解并说出自己对自然、生活、对社会中景物和现象的看法。

4、积累文言词语,背诵一定量的文言实词,表述诗歌意境,让作出简单的赏析和评价。 5、每周至少两次练笔(读书笔记,作文),通过作文课,让学生知道“写什么”和“怎么写”。

6、按计划开展全班性的综合实践活动,培养合作精神,指导学生运用比较、分析、归纳等方法,发展他们的观察、记忆、思考、联想和想象的能力,尤其要培养学生的创造性思维。

内容 分享课程纲要 第 一 单

单元学习目标

课时安排

学习课程纲要开始语言之旅 (1——5课:祈祷世界和平)

1、新闻两则 2、芦花荡 3、蜡烛

2、把握叙事

4、就英法联军远征中国致巴特勒上尉的信

作品中的人

1、能识记词语,理解重点词语的含义。

1课时

10课时左右

程 内 容

元 5、亲爱的爸爸妈妈

综合性学习:世界何时铸剑为犁

物和事件。 3、体验和评价作品中感人肺腑的形象和语言。 4、提高阅读的质量和速度。

第 二 单 元

(6——10课:演绎至爱真情)

1、识记、积累词语,理解重点词语意思。

2、感悟

6、阿长与《山海经》 7、背影 8、台阶 9、老王 10、信客

综合性学习:让世界充满爱

操。 3、熟读课文了解叙述、描写等表达方式,揣摩其语言特点。 “爱”这种博大的感情,尤其是对弱者的关爱,从而陶冶自己的情

9课时左右

第 三 单 元

1、识记、积累词语,理解重点词语意思。

2、熟读建筑

(11——15课:诠释智慧建筑) 11、中国石拱桥 12、桥之美 13、苏州园林 14、故宫博物院 15、说“屏”

综合性学习:说不尽的桥

事物的方法。 4、学会理清说明顺序,了解常用的说明方法。 5、体会说明文准确、周密的语言。

期中复习、考试 第 四 单

(16——20课:解读自然密码) 16、大自然的语言 17、奇妙的克隆

2、培养注重

18、阿西莫夫短文两篇 19、生物入侵者 20、落日的幻觉

综合性学习:走上辩论台

观察,讲究实证的科学态度,求真创新的科学精神。

9课时左右

1、识记、积累词语,理解重点词语意思。

7课时左右

园林、名胜古迹等课文,激发对祖国文化的自豪感。 3、学习抓住特征来介绍

10课时左右

元 .

3、学会理清说明顺序,了解常用的说明方法。 4、学会默读,有一定的速度。 5、能按照要求筛选信息。

6、学会搜集整理资料,能按照综合性活动的内容,自选角度做一期手抄报。

第 五 单 元

(21——25课:古文化的魅力) 21、桃花源记 22、短文两篇 23、核舟记

1、识记、积累词语,理解重点文言词语意思。

2、借助工具

24、大道之行也 25、杜甫诗三首

综合性学习:连文化的魅力

书读懂课文大意。 3、反复诵读中领会它们丰富的内涵和精美的语言。

12课时左右

第六单元

(26——30课:体味风景性灵) 26、三峡 27、短文两篇 28、观潮 29、湖心亭看雪

1、识记、积累词语,理解重点文言词语意思。 2、通过诵

12课时左右

30、诗四首

综合性学习:怎样搜集资料

读,体会作品情感。并进入文中情景交融的境界。 3、体会作品的语言特色。

期末复习、考试 作文

8课时左右

每两周一次

14课时左右

课 程 实 施

1、本册重点是记叙文、说明文和文言文的教学,诗歌重在培养兴趣和鉴赏能力。在教学中,要从语文学科的特点和社会发展对语文的新要求出发,使学生在潜移默化的过程中,提高思想认识,陶冶道德情操,培养审美情趣,做到既教书又育人。

2、重视学生思维能力的发展。在语文教学的过程中,指导学生运用比较、分析、归纳等方法,发展他们的观察、记忆、思考、联想和想象的能力,尤其要重视培养学生的创造性思维。

3、精心编制导学案,基于课程标准组织教学。通过导学案对学生学习全过程进行指导,促进学生学习方式的转变。

4、优化作业设计,丰富作业形式。强化训练,提升能力。优化作业管理,培养学生自主学习、自我管理的能力,加强科代表、小组长的模范带头作用和监督作用,保证作业质量。作业的布置和批改要有所区别,要因人而异。充分照顾到不同层次学生的特点。

5、讲求实效,扎扎实实。把基础知识的学习和基本能力的训练强化作为重点。要以

教科书的单元或知识块为单位,将知识点串联起来,实现知识的条理化、系统化;着重注意引导学生把语文基本能力由课内向课外迁移,解决考试中的实际问题。

6、小组合作,同伴互助。成立学习互助小组,培植合作意识。利用学习小组实行培优辅差,力争整体提高。

7、作文教学,贴近生活实际,富有生活气息。要有整个学期的写作教学的计划。把握中考方向,针对文章结构、语言等能够快速提高成效的方面对学生进行专门训练。统一安排,指导互批共批,以改促写,有效提高作文水平。

8、引导鼓励学生成立课外学习小组,培养合作精神,开展互助互帮,实行一帮一学习语文,帮助中下生提高学习兴趣和成绩。

9、利用竞赛、学科活动法等多种多样的教学形式,开展丰富多彩的读书报告会、故事会、演讲会、办手抄报,锻炼能力,提高兴趣。

课 程 评 价

(一)学生学习过程的评价:

1、对学生当堂进行评价,可通过课堂提问、课堂作业等进行评价。

2、在学校积极与班主任交流学生学习情况,利用校信通与家长交流学生在校学习状况。 3、认真组织综合性实践,在实践活动中检验学生的知识储备。 4、利用小组长进行过程评比。

(二)学生的基本知识与基本技能评价:

1、卷面检测,通过期中等阶段性抽测,以获得学生知识的储备。字词听写,诗词背诵,

语段分析,写作训练等。

2、坚持临帖训练,进行一次临帖展示和评比活动。 3、进行一次读书报告会和读书笔记展评。

4、学生自评和互评相结合,教师、家长的评价相结合,给每位学生做出综合评定,评价

方式应当多种多样,即可用书面考试、口试、活动报告等方式 (三)教师教学行为评价:

1、教学面向全体学生,提问覆盖面广。 2、体现新课程理念,教师为主导,学生为主体。

3、教学采用自主、合作、探究的学习方式,学生学习兴趣高。

4、课堂气氛活跃,教学有风格。

范文二:八年级上册英语课文

Look it up

Here are two articles from an encyclopedia

Da Vinci, Leonardo

Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519), was an Italian painter, inventor, musician, engineer and scientist.

Da Vinci was born in the countryside. Form an early age, he showed great intelligence and artistic ability. As he grew older, he learned to do many different things. His paintings are very famous. And once, the Mona Lisa is perhaps the most famous painting in the world. He also had many inventions, for example, his notebooks include some interesting drawings of flying machines.

Dinosaurs

Dinosaurs lived on Earth for more than 60million years before human beings. They lived everywhere on Earth. Some dinosaurs were as small as chickens; others were as big as ten elephants. Some could even fly.

Many dinosaurs ate plants. However, some dinosaurs liked to eat meat.

Dinosaurs lived on Earth for more than 150 million years. Then suddenly, they all died out. Nobody knows why. However, we can learn about them form their fossils.

The king and the rice

A long time ago, there was a king in India. The king favourite game was chess.

One day, a wise old man came to palaces and the king challenged him to a game. The king promised the old man, “If you win the game, you can have any prize.”

The old man said, “If I win the game, I’d like one grain of the rice for the first square of the chessboard, two for the second, four for the third, and then double the amount for each of the rest squares.”

“Is that all?” asked the king “Wouldn’t you like gold or silver instead?”

“No, just rice.” Replied the old man.

The king and the old man played the game for a long time. Finally, the old man won. So the king ordered his men to collect a bag of rice. He put one grain of the rice on the first square, two on the second, and so on. The king quickly realized a problem. Even with all the rice in the country, he would still not have enough rice to put on all the square!

Computer facts

Smaller and Better

In the 1940s, the first computers were bigger than cars. Now computers are becoming smaller and better.

Some computers are tiny. You may be unaware of them. There is probably one inside your TV or washing machines. You depend on computers more than you realize.

What can we do with computers?

We can use computer to calculate. They can calculate at a faster speed than we can and almost never give wrong answers. We can also type and draw things with computer. In addition, computers can do important things like operating railways and flying planes and spaceship.

Is a computer cleverer than me?

The answer is “No”. Your brain can produce new idea but computers cannot. However, one day computers may be able to do a better job than human beings. For example, they may be better than doctor at doing their jobs.

What will happen to us if computer can do all our jobs? Will we have nothing to do? Computers may chances our lives, but will they make them better?

Great inventions

Great inventions change the world. They help people live a better life. The following are there of the most important inventions in history

The Wheel

The wheel is perhaps the most important inventions in history. After its invention, travelling became faster and more comfortable. A few thousands years ago, people started to use wheel on carriages. In the 19th century, the first train started to carry passengers. At the start of the 20th century, cars became more and more popular. Without the wheel, we could not have these inventions.

Telephone

Alexander Graham Bell invented one of the first practical telephones in 1876. Since then, People have been able to speak to each other over long distances. Today millions of people across the world own mobile phone. They allow people to keep in touch with each other anytime, anywhere.

The light bulb

Thomas Edison developed the first practical light bulb in 1879. Before the inventions of the light bulb, people had to us oil lamps, gas lamps or candles to see at night. With light bulb,

people can do as many things in the evenings as they can in the daytime.

Can you imagine living without them?

An exchange visiting is educational and interesting

A group of British students from Woodpark School in London are visiting Xinhua Junior High School in Beijing on an educational exchange.

“I was very nervous at first”, says Sarah. “However, my host family are really friendly. I am glad to be a guest in their home. I have learnt to use chopsticks. And they are teaching me a little Chinese.”

The students spend the weekdays studying with Chinese students. At weekend, they tour around and visit some places of interest in Beijing with their host family.

“It is been a fantastic experience so far,” says Eric. “I have learned a bit of t’ai chi and I really enjoy it. We have already learned a lot about the Chinese culture and history. The teachers have introduced us to Chinese painting as well. We have also tried to paint some pictures ourselves! I haven’t had much success yet, but I will keep trying.”

“I have made many new friends,” says Sarah, “I am planning to

keep in touch with them when I return home. We will see one another because they will come over to the UK for the second part of the exchange next month. I can’t wait!”

The Trojan horse

The captain stood on the high wall of the city of Troy. “The Greeks have gone and we have won,” he said. “They have tried to capture our city for ten years. Now they have given up and sailed away.”

“But looked over there!” a solder said, “There have left a huge wooden horse!”

“Ah, yes,” said the captain, “It is too big, The Greeks did not want to take it with them. Get some help and pull it into the city.”

That night, in the main square of the city, all the Trojans celebrated. They sang and danced around the horse, and made jokes about the stupid Greeks. “I haven’t laughed like this since my childhood.” The captain said. After the party, they locked all the gates of the city and then all went to sleep.

By midnight, the main square was empty, expect for a huge horse. Suddenly, a secret door opened on the side of the wooden horse. The horse was full of the Greek solders! The solders

quietly climbed out of the horse one by one.

The solders opened the main gates. The Greek army entered. For ten years, the Greeks could not capture the city by fighting. In one night, however, they succeed in capturing it through a clever trick.

Henry, Paula and Millie write for the school newspaper. They have written the short articles below to help students improve their memory

Rosie Bridge School, 27 March

Memory Corner

Henry

A great way to help you remember something is to imagine a picture of it in your mind. If you make the picture big, strange and silly, you will remember it better. For example, if you want to remember the world “smiles”, you can imagine there is a “mile” between the first letter and the last latter. This makes it the longest word in the world. Remember: a picture is worth a thousand words.

Paula

A good method for remembering the spelling of a word is to make a short sentence with each letter of the word. For example,

if you want to know how to spell the word “because”, you can make the sentence, “Big elephants can always understand small elephants.”

Millie

You will forget thing very quickly unless you remember it well. For example, you may have trouble remembering the list of the steps in the water cycle.

However, it is easier to remember these steps if you understand how the water cycle works.

Rosie Bridge School, 18 May

English: fun for life

English week at Rosie Bridge School

Last week, students at Rosie Bridge School worked hard to make their English Week a big success.

There was an English book fair in the library and treasure hunt. Some students put on an English play. Other students took part in an English singing competition.

There was also an English speaking competition. The students had to speak on a topic in English for two minutes.

We spoke to the winner, Henry. “I am so happy that I won”, he said, “I advice people to spoke slowly. If they want to be good

public speakers, they had better speak clearly, slowly and confidently.”

We also spoke to several other students about English Week. One of them was Amy.

“I really enjoy in English Week. It gave me a chance to learn new words. In my opinion, every school should have an English Week. It is well worth doing.” she said.

On the last day of the English Week, the head teacher gave a speech to whole school. He gave students some suggestions on how to improve their English. “You should communicate with your friends in English whenever you can. You should read some English books and magazines and watch English television programmes. Above all, you should enjoy English.” he said.

范文三:语文五年级上册第八课时

第八课时

教学目标:1、同步巩固课本内容,拓展加强课外阅读,在阅读中学会练笔。(难点) 2、 学会说明文阅读

课堂同步秀

《钓鱼的启示》《通往广场的路不止一条》

近义词: 启示( ) 乞求( ) 抉择( )告诫( ) 和蔼( ) 教导( )挑拨( ) 环抱( )

反义词:举起 ( ) 熟练 ( ) 漂亮( ) 皎洁( ) 和蔼( ) 素净( ) 消失( )

三、词语听写

知识小磨坊 二、歇后语、谚语练习

一、补充歇后语,并写出两句你熟悉的歇后语: 1、十五个吊桶打水——( ) 2、( )—— 一清二白 3、芝麻开花——( )

4、( )——( ) 5、( )——( )

二、写出动物的名称

( )给鸡拜年——没安好心 ( )扑火——自取灭亡 ( )哭( )——假慈悲 ( )屁股——摸不得 热锅上的( )——团团转 ( )过街——横行霸道 ( )尾巴——长不了 ( )撼大树——可笑不自量 ( )上树——全靠一张嘴骑 ( )看唱本——走着瞧 三、填写12生肖歇后语,并按十二生肖的顺序排队。 1、( )生轿子——不识抬举

2、( )肠刮油——

有也不多

3、( )吃辣椒——抓耳挠腮 4、( )王靠边——人定胜天 5、( )尾搓绳——用不上劲 6、( )皮蒙鼓——遭受槌打 7、( )进书房——咬文嚼句 8、( )撞篱笆——进退两难 9、( )死狐悲——物伤其类 10、( )鬃刷子——又粗又硬 11、( )进竹笼——自寻死路 12、( )吃蚂蚱——小菜一碟 四、 歇后语连线。

十五只吊桶打水 百发百中 千里送鹅毛 铁面无私 王婆卖瓜 黄土变成金 八仙过海 礼轻情意重 包公断案 自卖自夸 人门缝里看人 七上八下 万众一条心 各显神通 神枪手 把人看扁了 五、把歇后语填到下面的句子中去。

1.玩电子游戏可真是你们孩子的事,我们玩起来简直是,顾了这个,顾不了那个。 2.他呀,可真是 3.有的父母贪图眼前利益,让孩子弃学赚钱,这是。 4.这事你有什么要求,就别绕来绕去,咱们还是,好吗? 5.他这次没考好,也是 6.考场上谁也不能保证自己是,偶尔失常,也在所难免。 7.自从得病以后,我可算是。呦!每时每刻都难啊! 8.他们俩可真是 9.他这个人没主见,,怎么靠得住呢。 10.他们这伙人就像 六、把下面的谚语、歇后语填完整。

1、病从___。 2、铁不锻炼不成钢,__________。 3、__________,忠言逆耳利于行。 4、书山有路勤为径,___________。 5、虚心的人_____,骄傲的人_____。 6、冬天麦盖____,来年________。 7、有志不在___。 8、春雨_____。

9、•瑞雪_____。 10、_______--满肚子话说不出 11、老虎挂念珠--_________ 12、_______--得过且过 13、擀面杖吹火--_________ 14、 _______--多管闲事 15、孔夫子搬家--_________ 16、_______--各显神通 17、孔明大摆空城计—— 18、一个巴掌拍不响——

19、十五只吊桶打水—— 20、司马昭之心—— 21、关云长败走麦城—— 22、大水冲了龙王庙——

23、关羽降曹操—— 24、孙武用兵—— 25、孙悟空七十二变—— 26、佘太君挂帅——

27、王婆卖瓜—— 28、八仙过海—— 七、谚语使我们懂得各方面的知识。根据下面的要求,写出适当的谚语。 它告诉我们要珍惜时间,把握住机遇。( ) 它告诉我们要谦虚,不要骄傲。( ) 它告诉我们要虚心听取别人的意见。( ) 它告诉我们如何种好庄稼。( ) 八、在下面括号中填上适当的谚语。

1、他能写出一手好文章 ,主要是因为 ( ) 。 2、他自从从监牢中放出来以后 ,就 ( ) 了 。 3、俗语说( ), 只要你肯努力工作, 你也可以成为一位专才 。

4、这位老公公的年龄已达六十,但他仍不断向人学习,这种( ) 的 精 神, 值 得 我 们 学 习 。 5、( ) 所 以 保 卫 国 家 是 每 一 个 公 民 应 尽 的 义 务 。

九、北宋文学家苏轼游览庐山后,写下了流传千百年的诗《题西林壁》,被人们广为传诵。诗是这样写的:横看成岭侧成峰,远近高低各不同。不识庐山真面目,只缘身在此山中。

苏轼特意游览庐山,为什么“不识庐山真面目”?这正验证了谚语( )所说。 十、你能说出下面这些以数字顺序打头的歇后语吗?

1、一根头发系石磨——( ) 2、二齿钉耙——( ) 3、三手指捡田螺——( ) 4、四两棉花十张弓——( ) 5、五脏六腑抹蜜糖——( ) 6、六月天穿皮袄——( ) 7、七斤面粉调二斤浆糊——( ) 8、八字写了一撇——( ) 9、九牛一毛——( ) 10、十点才到九点半——( ) 十一、将下列三国故事中出现的歇后语补充完整。

曹操下江南——( ) 张飞使计谋——( ) ( )——有借无还 徐庶进曹营——( ) 十二、将下列歇后语补充完整,再按提示归类。

1、八月的核桃—— 2、门缝里看人—— 3、砌墙的砖头—— 4、司马昭之心—— 故事类( )谐音类( )喻物类( )喻事类( ) 十三、按提示组成三句谚语。

1、交人交心 2、蛇出洞才好打 3、就怕手脚不动 4、草出土才好锄 5、浇花浇根 6、不怕天寒地冻

1、笑话1:第一天,小白兔去河边钓鱼,什么也没钓到,回家了。-第二天,小白兔又去河边钓鱼,还是什么也没钓到,回家了。-第三天,小白兔刚到河边,一条大鱼从河里跳出来,冲着小白兔大叫:-你他妈的要是再敢用胡箩卜当鱼饵,我就扁死你!

2、笑话2:某君第一次坐飞机,恐惧,不敢睁眼,15分钟后睁眼,往窗外看,大叫:

3、明确:生活中有很多事情看似很小,但往往能给别人以启示,这启示甚至会影响了他的一生。

二、知识讲解思路: 知识点一:抓中心答题

明确:中心,就是主旨语句,主旨语句直接揭示作品的中心思想,具有极大的概括力。它是指文章内容包蕴着作者的思想感情。有喜爱的感情,也有厌恶的感情;有赞美的感情,也有控诉的感情。我们读一篇文章,只有深入体会了作者的感情,才说明我们真正理解了文章内容

阅读答题原则:

1. 明确题意,找相应答题区(明确各段内容)

2. 围绕中心,勿天马行空自我猜想(怎样抓中心?) 3.词不离句,句不离文

抓中心的方法:

1 分析文题,把握文章中心。

2 细读开头结尾,寻找“文眼”,挖掘文章主题。

3 理解文章所叙述的事件,挖掘其内涵,把握文章思想内容。

4 抓住关键性的语句(过渡句、议论抒情句),尤其是那些直接揭示文章主题的句子,把握文章的思想内容。

温馨提示:在小学当中,中心往往蕴含在结尾段,或者是主要人物最后解开谜底时候的语言当中,所以学生一定要抓住这两个部分来理解哦。

考点:

1、读完本文,你得到什么启示?(围绕中心来) 2、结合实际,谈谈你的启示或理解。(谈理解+实际例子)

答题模式:

1、 我得到的启示是:-----

2、 我的理解是:-----。例如:-------

例题讲解1:《打开心中的那把锁》

6、短文中说“胡汀尼心中的门却上了锁”,请你联系生活实际或者你的见闻,对这位一代魔术大师讲讲自己的看法或对他提些建议,可以举个事例谈 。

明确:理解+事例

例题分析2:《再坚持一下》

3、有时侯“坚持就是胜利”未必就会胜利,甚至会输得更惨。 ①、“坚持就是胜利”并不是真理,②、“坚持就是胜利”你更赞同哪一个?试举例进行阐述。

明确:理解+事例

牛刀小试

打开心中的那把锁

一代魔术大师胡汀尼有一手绝活,他能在极短的时间内打开无论多么复杂的锁,从而逃生,从未失手。他曾为自己定下一个富有挑战性的目标:要在60分钟之内,从任何锁中 (挣脱、挣扎)出来,条件是让他穿特制的衣服进去,并且不能有人在旁边观看。

英国一个小镇的居民决定向伟大的胡汀尼挑战,有意考验他。他们特别打制了一个 (坚固、结实)的铁牢,配上一把看上去非常复杂的锁,请胡汀尼看看能否从铁笼中出去。

胡汀尼接受了这个挑战。他穿上特制的衣服,走进铁牢中。牢门“哐啷”一声关了起来,大家遵守规则转过身不去看他怎样打开锁。胡汀尼从衣服中取出自己特制的工具,开始工作。

30分钟过去了,胡汀尼用耳朵紧贴着锁,专注地工作着;45分钟过去了,一个小时过去了,胡汀尼头上开始冒汗。最后,两个小时过去了,胡汀尼始终听不到期待中的那锁簧弹开的声音。他(精疲力竭、竭尽全力)地将身体靠在门上坐下来,结果老门却顺势而开。原来,牢门根本没有上锁,那把看似很厉害的锁只是个样子。

小镇居民故弄玄虚,考验了这位大师。门没有上锁,但胡汀尼心中的门却上了锁。

曾经有一位撑竿跳的选手,他一直苦练却无法越过某一个高度。他失望地对教练说:“我实在是跳不过去。”教练问:“你心里在想什么?”他说:“我一冲到跳线时,看到那个高度,就觉得我跳不过去。”教练告诉他:“你一定可以跳过去。把你的心从竿上‘摔’过去,你的身子也一定会跟着过去。” 他撑起竿又跳了一次, (果然、竟然)越过。

其实,只要打开心中的那把锁,便可以突破阻挠,粉碎障碍,很多问题就会迎刃而解。 1、选词填空。

2、据义写词。(从文章中找出有关词语。) (1)特别打制。 ( ) (2)小镇居民故意将牢门没有上锁,让胡汀尼搞不清其中的缘由,由此考验了这位大师。 ( ) 3、用“ ”划出短文中揭示中心的语句。 4、认真读短文,完成填空。

胡汀尼是一位 ,他的绝活是 ,然而面对英国某小镇的居民的挑战,

他 。你觉得其中的原因是 。一位撑竿跳的选手一直无法越过某一个高度,但最终他越过了,这是因为 。

5、写出你读了短文后,从下列句子的悟出了什么,注意加点的词语。教练告诉他:“你一定可以跳过去。把你的心从竿上‘摔’过去,你的身子也一定会跟着过.去。” 。

6、短文中说“胡汀尼心中的门却上了锁”,请你联系生活实际或者你的见闻,对这位一代魔术大师讲讲自己的看法或对他提些建议,可以举个事例谈 。

再 坚 持 一 下

上个世纪70年代是世界重量级拳击史上英雄辈出的年代。

4年来未登上拳台的拳王阿里此时体重已超过正常体重二十多磅,速度和耐力也已大不如前,医生给他的运动生涯判了“死刑”。

然而,阿里坚信“精神才是拳击手比赛的支柱”,他凭着顽强的毅力重返拳台。

1975年9月30日,33岁的阿里与另一拳坛猛将弗雷泽进行第三次较量(前两次一胜一负)。在进行到第14回合时,阿里已精疲力竭,濒临崩溃的边缘,这个时候一片羽毛落在他身上也能让他轰然倒地,他几乎再无丝毫力气迎战第15回合了。

然而他拼着性命坚持着,不肯放弃。他心里清楚,对方和自己一样,也是只有出的气了。

比到这个地步,与其说在比气力,不如说在比毅力,就看谁能比对方多坚持一会儿了。他知道此时如果在精神上压倒对方,就有胜出的可能。

于是他竭力保持着坚毅的表情和誓不低头的气势,双目如电,令弗雷泽不寒而栗,以为阿里仍存着体力。 这时,阿里的教练邓迪敏锐地发现弗雷泽已有放弃的意思,他将此信息传达给阿里,并鼓励阿里再坚持一下。

阿里精神一振,更加顽强地坚持着。果然,弗雷泽表示“俯首称臣”,甘拜下风。裁判当即高举起阿里的臂膀,宣布阿里获胜。

这时,保住了拳王称号的阿里还未走到台中央便眼前漆黑,双腿无力地跪在了地上。 弗雷泽见此情景,如遭雷击,他追悔莫及,并为此抱憾终生。 1、 解释词语。

①不寒而栗: ②甘拜下风: 2、仔细阅读,概括阿里获得胜利的原因是什么?

3、有时侯“坚持就是胜利”未必就会胜利,甚至会输得更惨。 ①、“坚持就是胜利”并不是真理,②、“坚持就是胜利”你更赞同哪一个?试举例进行阐述。

快 乐 如 风

凯特一出道就瞄准一千五百米,水平很快就在他的加勒比海小国名列前茅。然而,让雄心万丈的小凯特屡屡气短的是,他迄今为止,在任何一次国际大赛上都还没能拿到奖牌。他总是沦为配角,悲凉的、悲怆的、悲壮的配角,他用他的苦涩,衬托出胜利者的辉煌。

又一次参加国际田联黄金大奖赛,大会组织者出于通盘考虑,请凯特担任自杀性的领跑,许诺酬以重金。凯特眼瞅强手如林,自家获奖无望,便咬咬牙答应试试。比赛一开始,凯特就奋勇冲在前面,在前八百米,一直遥遥领先。当然,凯特不可能长久保持这样的速度,他的任务,就是赛好前半程,两圈一到,就退出跑道。

即使退出跑道,凯特也保持应有的尊严,他手扶胸口,面带微笑,向全场的观众鞠躬致意,然后,挺着胸脯,吹着口哨,大大方方地走出场外。

组织者事后说,想不到凯特的任务完成得那么好,那么好。他的速度控制适宜,节奏安排合理,无论形体还是步态也都十分优美,全方位的优美。正因有了他,常规格局中杀出一匹黑马,搅乱了方阵,掀起旋(xuán xuàn)风,变按部就班为急起直追,这才天下大乱,乱世出英雄.英雄创神奇;有事实为证:这一组的所有选手,都大幅度提高了成绩,夺冠者,更刷新了赛会纪录。

凯特就此喜欢上了领跑。在一些规则许可的国际赛事上,他频频出任这一角色。

说话已是两年以后,在国际田联黄金大奖赛巴黎分站,凯特又被邀请担任一千五百米的领跑。凯特照例一出发就撒脚飞奔,很快就把大队人马落(là luò)下一大截。两圈之后,凯特突然觉得反常,身边没有人影,脑后也没有脚步声。他回过头,呀!这是怎么搞的?那些担当出成绩、破纪录的大牌选手,并没有如约定的那样加油赶上。一定是哪儿出了问题。不会是我吧?不,我很清醒。这是第二圈?是的,第二圈。这是一千五百米?当然,是一千五百米,不是八百米。凯特感觉今天状态特别好,特别好,跑罢第二圈,周身仍有滚滚滔滔、跑不丢、使不完、用不尽的力气。今天的观众也特别捧场,“凯特!凯特!”此起彼伏,“凯特,凯特!”地动山摇。“凯特!”成了节奏,“凯特!”成了鼓点。于是,凯特决计临场发挥,继续领跑,直到后面的主角赶上为止。谁知三圈过后,凯特不仅依然领先,而且和后面选手的距离越拉越大。啊,今天反常,彻底反常。跑道缩短,时间拉长。规则破坏,游戏出格。快乐如风!奔跑如风!凯特干脆发力冲刺,结果,他破天荒地获得世界冠军。

1、给文中带点的字用“√”选择正确的读音 2、按原文填空。

①他总是沦为配角,( )、( )、( )配角,他用他的( ),衬托出胜利者的

辉煌。

②凯特感觉今天状态特别好,特别好,跑罢第二圈,周身凯特感觉今天状态特别好,特别好,跑罢第二圈,周身仍有( )、( )、( )、( )的力气。

3、用“~~~~”和“ ”在文中分别画出凯特在第一次领跑退场时保持尊严和组织者评价他任务完成好的句子。

4、凯特在第一次领跑中起到了什么作用?

5、两年后,凯特在国际田联黄金大赛巴黎分站夺得冠军的主要原因是( )。

①其他的运动员没有参加 ②开始就有了信心 ③多次领跑,实力大增 ④观众捧场,给他支持 6、请你写几句话展望一下凯特的未来。

7、对于凯特来说“快乐如风”,那么你是如何理解快乐的呢?请你结合自己的生活实际,用“快乐如××”或 “快乐是××”这样的形式写几个词或几句话。

练笔一:《钓鱼的启示》

写作特点:本文在表达上的一个特点是在叙事的过程中插入人物描写,更加突出了文章的主旨,提升了文章的教育意义。

仿写思路:你能模仿本文的心理描写的方法写一写考试前的心情或参加运动会等活动的心理过程吗?描写人物地心理活动,要注意真实,同时要抓住人物思维的变化过程,更要符合人物的身份、年龄,这样才能更好地反映人的性格特征。

我的练笔: 下午就要参加50米短跑的决赛了,我的心情既激动又紧张。

范文四:八年级上册语文第一课

八年级语文第一课

人类诞生的最初,总是要有第一声的啼哭。这啼哭就是语言。凡是听到这语言的人们都会发出由衷的理解和放心的微笑,因为大家都听懂了这语言。即:我来了!啼哭是美丽的„„

语文的意义非常深远和广泛,它从我们出生的那一刻起,一直贯穿着我们的整个生命过程。„„

语文是一种知识,但更是我们生命的营养,一旦缺乏,生命就会苍白;语文是一门学科,但更是我们生命健康的一种元素,削弱了它,我们就会缺乏必要的生活力量。

【确定目标】

1.一手好字。

2.一张能言会道的嘴。

3.一肚子名篇佳作。

4.一笔好文章。

5.一颗永远纯真的心。

【故事道理】

1.美国哈佛大学有一个非常著名的关于目标对人生影响的跟踪调查,对象是一群智力、学历、环境等条件都差不多的年轻人,调查

做一件最简单也是最容易做的事儿:每个人把胳膊尽量都往前甩,然后再尽量往后甩。”说着,苏格拉底示范了一遍,“从今天开始,每天做300下,大家能做到吗?” 学生们都笑了,这么简单的事情,有什么做不到的? 过了一个月,苏格拉底问学生们:“每天甩手300下,哪些同学坚持了?”有90%的同学骄傲地举起了手。又过了一个月,苏格拉底再问,这回,坚持下来的同学只剩下了八成。 一年过后,苏格拉底再一次问大家:“请大家告诉我,最简单的甩手运动,还有哪几位同学坚持了?”这时候,整个教室里,只有一个人举起了手。这个学生就是后来成为古希腊另一位大哲学家的柏拉图。

【本册教材】

八年级的好课文有很多:我们将在《背影》里,读到朱自清对父亲真挚的感情;在《中国石拱桥》中,阅知石拱桥的历史和特点;我们还会观赏1800年前的陶渊明为我们构建的理想社会蓝图;我们还会

到唐代的刘禹锡的陋室里去参观。

本册教材是新教材中唯一涉及说明文的教材,与以前的教材相比,它对说明文的要求更为简洁、准确,使得说明文教学理所应当成为本册教材的重点。

相比七年级语文,本册书增加了古诗文的内容。由一个单元变成了两个单元。古诗文的分量重了。

(那么如何阅读和写作说明文呢?最关键的就是要把握住说明文的两大特点:科学性和客观性。

1 抓特征。把握关键句,理解被说明事物的特征。特征抓住了,文章也就清楚了。

2 理顺序。事物都有其自身的规律,说明文就要遵循其规律,否则行文混乱不知所云。

3 明方法。说明文讲究说明方法。明确了说明方法,就能更好地领会作品中所体现的科学精神和科学思想方法。

有关文言文、古诗词的学习。

1.强调预习和自学(充分熟读)

2.利用工具书解决字词。

3.疑难问题课堂上勇敢提问,敢于质疑。

4.学会结合题注、相关历史查找资料,深入理解。)

【方法指导】

学好语文重在“三多”

1.多积累。

语文知识可谓浩瀚无边,这就要我们不断地积累,集腋成裘。那么怎样积累呢?

多记忆。字词,文学常识、文化常识等要靠平时记忆。

多背诵:“书读百遍,其义自见”背诵一些古今中外的名家诗文,是提高语文水平的极好方法,所谓“读书破万卷,下笔如有神”讲的正是这个道理,诗圣杜甫之所以能成为一代宗师也得益其书读得多,背得多。我们除了必须完成课本中要求背诵的诗文,还应主动地去背诵课外的诗文。

勤作笔记:俗话说“好记性不如烂笔头”。作笔记是帮助记忆积累知识好方法。平常读书看报、看电视与人交谈,碰到一些有关文学、文化常识方面的知识和好的词句、对联谚语、名言警句什么的,应随时记录下来,这样日积月累,你的语文知识自然会丰富起来。要做到不动笔头不读书。明代文学家张溥(pǔ)的书斋叫“七录斋”,是说他每读一篇诗文都要抄录七次,边抄边记,撕毁再抄,至少抄七遍,直至烂熟于心。

另外,也可作一些知识卡片,或用电脑建立个人知识库等方法。

2.多读课外书。

人们常说“语文的功夫在课外”,就是说学习语文仅靠课本还远远不够,这就要去广泛阅读,多方汲取。

古人云“腹有诗书气自华”,读书对于人来说,就像吃饭喝水一样不可缺少。我们可以从中汲取无尽的精神力量,获取大量的知识。

不仅要多读,而且要勤思、善思。思考书中的观点是什么,思考书中的看法是否全面、正确,思考什么时候可以运用到自己的文章中这样才能把读与思结合起来,真正做到“读进去”,“读出来”。

广泛阅读课外书可以扩大我们的视野,拓宽我们的思路,丰富和提高我们的思想,那么读哪些书怎样去读呢?

我们首先应该把目光投向我们已有的课外读本上,其次是初中生必读中外名著。如果有条件,还可以阅读如古典小说四大名著,英国的莎士比亚、法国的巴尔扎克、俄罗斯的列夫托尔斯泰的作品,历届诺贝尔文学获得者的作品,一些名人传记也值得一读,因为从中我们可以领略到名人们是怎样奋斗的是怎样同命运抗争的,从而领悟到人生之真谛。顺便说一下,武打小说也不是不能读,像金庸、梁羽生的作品是值得一读的,而大部分武打小说文字粗俗、品味低俗、思想庸俗,看这样的书,既浪费了宝贵的时光,语文水平也得不到提高,还是不看为好。

学海无涯,书海无边。这么多的书怎样读呢?可采用泛读与精读相结合之法。

泛读,就是陶渊明的“不求甚解”法。这样做是因为一个人有时间有限,精力有限,要博览群书,杂采众家,只有如此,而实际上有些问题随着书读得多了,也会迎忍而解的。泛读,就是解决“面”的问题,面越广越好,书读得越多越好。

精读,就是认真研读。因为仅靠泛读,语文水平不会多大的提高。精读既可精细到字词、修辞,也可从篇章结构入手。有人读《红楼梦》能读二三十遍,甚至可倒背如流。为什么红学家从《红楼梦》中可以学到文学、建筑、医学、烹饪等知识,这就是精读的效果。

另外看报刊杂志,看电视新闻,也是一项很有益的课外阅读,它可以使我们接触社会,接触生活,也接触了文学。

课外阅读对语文学习可谓至关重要。首先使基础知识更加扎实,其次是理解能力的增强,第三是写作水平得到了提高,最后就是通过大量阅读我们的眼界更开阔了,看问题的方法、对事物的见解便有了独到之处。

阅读与写作。 我们学习古诗时,常常被其中的名句所折服,如杜甫《望岳》中的“会当凌绝顶,一览众山小。”唐代诗人元稹(zhěn)《离思》中的“曾经沧海难为水,除却巫山不是云。”最近我读到《孟子·尽心章句》,才知道这两位诗人是读了《孟子》,才吟咏出了这样的千古名句。《孟子·尽心章句上》第24章:“孟子曰:孔子登东山而小鲁,登泰山而小天下,故观于沧海者难为水,游于圣人之门者难为言。„„”

3.多练笔。

如果说多读书是养气,是输入,那么说、写则是释放,是输出。读是为了说和写,读了大量的书籍,积累了大量的知识,思考了很多问题,就会产生说和写的冲动。这时不要妄自菲薄,应该坚定信心大胆地当众表达出来,渐渐的您就会形成演讲能力。光说还不够,还应

锻炼文笔,勤动笔随时记下自己的心得、感悟,随时写出自己的心里话,养成协作对好习惯,天长日久就增长了能说能写的才华。

多写日记,每天一则,有话则长、无话则短,也不必事事详尽,只要记下那最具概括性的想法,最难忘的事件,甚至一句话、一个词。这样长期以往,日积月累,你的素材便会越积越丰富,你的文笔便会越练越流畅。

多作读书笔记,我们在看书读报之时每每有所感悟,深受启迪。这时可将看书的感受述诸文字。这样做既锻炼了自己的思维,也提高了自己的作文水平。

多写一些自由命题的作文,我们在课堂上写作文大都是按照老师要求作文,有些题目有时使我们感到无话可写,因为自己对题目涉及的内容一无所知,当然无从下笔。所以我们在平时可以多写一些自己熟悉和感兴趣的文章,心有所思之际灵机一动之时,有感而发,欣然动笔,往往能写出感情真挚的好文章。

多写一些文艺性作品。各类体裁的文章都应有所涉及,童话、故事、小说、散文、杂文、评论、诗歌等,我们都试着写一写,虽然不一定每一个人都能成为作家,只有写得多了,你才会才思如泉涌,才会达到“文章本天成,妙手偶得之”的境界。

总之,语文学习是一个漫长的细心的过程,讲究的是日积月累、无捷径可走,也不可能一蹴而就。只有勤奋刻苦,持之以恒,才能学好语文。

【常规作业】

1.每人准备一本字帖,每周练字。

2.每人准备好一本随笔本(用于摘录好词好句、随手写下感想、积累作文素材),抄写本,默写本,大作文本(两本)。

3.坚持每周阅读课外读物不少于1000字(养成睡前阅读的好习惯,如《读者》、《译林》等)。

八年级是初中学习阶段非常重要的时期,可谓承上启下。只要你鼓起风帆,奋勇向前,定会到达胜利的彼岸。祝同学们在新的学期里学习进步。

让我们用《中庸》里的一段话来自勉吧。

“博学之,审问之,慎思之,明辨之,笃行之。有弗学,学之弗能,弗措也;有弗问,问之弗知,弗措也;有弗思,思之弗得,弗措也;有弗辨,辨之弗明,弗措也;有弗行,行之弗笃,弗措也。人一能之已百之,人十能之已千之。果能此道矣,虽愚必明,虽柔必强。

【当堂作业】

1.你在新学期有什么新设想?语文的弱项在哪里?什么原因?想怎么解决?

2.有什么困难需要老师帮助?对老师有什么要求?(结合你的情况,将你的想法写在随笔本上)

范文五:(第一课)八年级语文上册

一.新闻两则

1、联系上下文,说说下列每组中的哪个句好,并说明理由!!!

第一组:

第二句好

“突破”:表明有敌军防守我军歼灭或击溃守敌,最终冲破敌阵

“渡至”:有横渡和到达的意思

“二十四小时内即已”:表明渡江迅速,时间明确,作战的顺利

第二组:

第二句好

“不料正是汤恩伯到芜湖的那一天”:有嘲讽意味,嘲讽了汤恩伯过高估计东面防线的巩固性,过低估计我军的战斗力。

第三组:

第一句好:

更形象、生动。用枝繁叶茂的森林的形象,来表现我军的气质——坚不可摧。

2、《中原我军解放南阳》一文,本站分为五层:

第一层,是导语,概述中原我军解放南阳,指出南阳守敌弃城南逃的背景、时间。

第二层,是背景资料,用两则史料说明南阳自古以来在军事上具有重要战略地位。

第三层,回顾过去一年蒋介石从重视南阳到放弃南阳的变化,指出蒋军全局溃败的背景。

第四层,由河南全省基本解放进而回顾一年多来南线人民解放军取得的伟大胜利。

成绩主要有三项。

第一,恢复和建立了稳固的根据地,创立了七个军区,极大地扩大了老根据地。

第二,歼灭了大量的国民党正规部队,发展了我党武装力量。

第三,纠正了“左”的策略,采取了正确的策略,孤立了敌人,巩固了根据地。

第五层,预言南阳逃敌王凌云前途黑暗。

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————

其他答案:

一、阅读新闻,要注意它的六要素(也就是记叙要素):人物、时间、地点、事件发生的原因、经过、结果。试分别理清这两篇新闻的六要素。

设题意图是让学生运用新闻六要素知识整体把握两则新闻的内容。

《人民解放军百万大军横渡长江》

人物:人民解放军百万大军

时间:1949年4月20日夜起至4月22日22时

地点:西起九江(不含),东至江阴一千余华里长江战线

事件发生的原因:国民党反动派拒绝签订和平协定,人民解放军为打倒蒋介石,解放全中国而发起渡江作战。

经过与结果:中路军首先突破安庆、芜湖线,三十万人全部渡过,占领长江南岸。西路军三十五万渡过三分之二,已占领广大南岸阵地。东路军三十五万已渡过大部,经过整天激战,歼灭及击溃一切抵抗之敌,占领南岸阵地,控制江阴要塞,切断镇江无锡段铁路线。

《中原我军解放南阳》

人物:中原我军

时间:1948年11月4日下午

地点:南阳

件发生的原因:蒋军因全局败坏,被迫将整个南部战线近百个师的兵力集中于以徐州为中心和以汉口为中心的两个地区。在我强大的野战军和地方军配合打击之下,困守南阳的蒋军,不得不被迫弃城南逃。

经过与结果:自去年七月,南阳人民解放军开始向敌后进军,大量歼敌,扩大并巩固了根据地,壮大了人民武装,彻底孤立了敌人,南阳守敌王凌云弃城南逃,我军当即占领南阳,从此河南全境除若干据点外,全部为我解放。

二、阅读新闻,还要注意它的结构的五个部分,即标题、导语、主体、背景、结语。导语是新闻开头的第一段或第一句话,它扼要地揭示新闻的核心内容;主体是新闻的躯干,它用充足的事实表现主题,是对导语内容的进一步扩展和阐释;背景指的是新闻发生的社会环境和自然环境。背景和结语有时可以暗含在主体中。说说《人民解放军百万大军横渡长江》的导语是什么,从哪几方面总领了全文;它的主体部分分几个层次,是怎样衔接在一起的。

本题传授新闻结构知识,要求运用知识,就主要的两点具体分析一则新闻。

其导语是开头两句:“人民解放军百万大军,从一千余华里的战线上,冲破敌阵,横渡长江。西起九江(不含),东至江阴,均是人民解放军的渡江区域。”这一导语从渡江作战兵力、战线(即渡江区域)、战况三个方面总领全文。主体部分分三个层次,分述中路军、西路军、东路军渡江作战情况。第二层次开头说时间,“二十一日下午五时起”,与第一层次开头“二十日夜起”相并列。第二层末的议论说到战犯汤恩伯二十一日到芜湖督战,说到督战原因:“汤恩伯认为南京江阴段防线是很巩固的,弱点只存在于南京九江一线。”接着以嘲笑汤恩伯的口吻说:“不料正是汤恩伯到芜湖的那一天,东面防线又被我军突破了。”这一句在二、三层之间起了承上启下的衔接作用。

三、朗读两则新闻,然后联系上下文,比较下边每组中的两个句子,说说哪一句好,为什么。

①二十日夜起,长江北岸人民解放军中路军首先越过安庆、芜湖线,到达繁昌、铜陵、青阳、荻港、鲁港地区,共渡过三十万人。

②二十日夜起,长江北岸人民解放军中路军首先突破安庆、芜湖线,渡至繁昌、铜陵、青阳、荻港、鲁港地区,二十四小时内即已渡过三十万人。

(提示:注意从词语含义的差异上体会它们不同的表达效果。)

①结果就在二十日那一天,东面防线又被我军突破了。

②不料正是汤恩伯到芜湖的那一天,东面防线又被我军突破了。

(提示:注意比较语句的感情色彩。)

①我们在所

有江淮河汉区域,不仅是树木,而且是森林了。不仅生了根,而且枝叶茂盛了。

②我们在所有江淮河汉区域,不仅建立了稳固的根据地,而且扩大了根据地。我们的根据地不仅巩固了,而且赢得了人民群众衷心的拥护。

(提示:注意从语言的生动形象性上比较。)

本题引导学生用比较的方法揣摩遣词造句,三个小题分别从不同角度探究,都作了提示。宜引导学生细心品味,以增强语感,更好地学习语言。

第一小题,②句好。“突破”表明有敌军防守,我军歼灭或击溃守敌,冲破敌阵。用“越过”表现不出经过战斗。“渡至”比“到达”含义丰富,有横渡与到达两层意思,且文字简洁有力。“二十四小时内即已”,时间明确,且含渡江迅疾,作战顺利之意。用“共”字不能表达这些意思。

第二小题,②句好。“不料正是汤恩伯到芜湖的那一天”,有嘲讽意味,嘲讽汤恩伯过高估计东面防线的巩固性,过低估计人民解放军的战斗力,倘说“结果就在二十一日那天”,毫无感情色彩,且与上一句“二十一日”重复。

第三小题,①句好。语言生动形象,森林的形象,枝叶茂盛的形象,生机勃勃,富有气势。

范文六:八年级上册英语3a课文

八年级上册英语3A课文

Unit 1 P3

What Do Students Do at Green High School?

Here are the results of the student activity survey at GreenHigh School.Most students exercise three or four times a week . Some students exercise once or twice a week. Some students are very active and exercise every day. As for homework, most students do homework every day. Some students do homework three or four times a week. No students do homework once or twice a week. The results for

….but I am pretty healthy.I exercise every day,usually when I come home from school.My eating habits are pretty good.I try to eat a lot of vegetables.I eat fruit and drink milk every day.I never drink coffee.Of course,I love junk food too,and I eat it two or three times a week.Oh,and I sleep nine hours every night.So you see,I look after my health.And my heathy lifestyle helps me get good grades.Good food and exercise help me to study better.

A:What’s the matter?

B:I’m not feeling well. I have a cold A:When did it start? B:About two days ago.

A:Oh,that’s too bad. You should get some rest B:Yes ,Ithink so

A:I hope you feel better soon.

P11

A Healthy Lifestyle,the

Traditional Chinese doctors believe we need a balance of yin and yang to be healthy.For

example,are you often weak and tired? Maybe you have too much yin.You should eat hot yang foods,like beef.Eating Dangshen and Huangqi herbs is also good for this.But people whoare too stressed out anf angry may have too much yang.Chinese doctors belive that they should eat more yin foods,like tofu.Chinese medicine is now popular in many western countries.It is easy to have a healthy lifestyle,and it is important to eat a balanced diet.

Unit 3

P17

Ben Lambert's Vacation Plans!

Ben Lambert,the famous French singer,is taking a long vacation this summer!He thought about going to Greece or Spain,but decided on Canada.

Ben is going to Canada's Great Lakes. He is leaving the first week in June and staying until

September.He plans to have a very relaxing vacation.

Lin Fei’s home is about 10 kilometers from school. He gets up at six o’clock every day, showers, and has a quick breakfast. Then he leaves for school at around six-thirty. First, he rides his bicycle to the bus station. That takes about ten minutes. Then the early bus takes him to school. The bus ride usually takes about 25 minutes. P23

How do students around the world get to school?

In North America, most students go to school on the school bus.Some students also walk or ride bikes to school.In other parts of the world,things are different.In Japan,most students take trains to school, althongh others alsowalk or ride their bikes.In China,it depends on where you are.In big cities.students usually rides to school ortake buses. And in places where there are rivers and lakes.Like Hongshanhu and Kanshandao,students usually go to school by boat.That must be a lot more fun than taking a bus! Unit 5 P27

It 's a Birthday Party!

For whom:LISA

Tim:Friday, June 30, at four thirty Place:Lisa’shouse,15th Street

Come and have fun?

P29

Hi Henry,

Thank you for your invitation. I’m sorry I can’t visit you this week. I am really busy. This evening I’m going to my cousin’s birthday party. And tomorrow, I have to go to the dentist. (Yuck!) On Wednesday, I have tennis training with the school team. And I have to study for my chemistry test on Thursday. On Friday evening, I’m going to the movies with some friends. Can you come to the movies with us on Friday Write soon. Sonia Unit 7 P33

Dear Isabel,

Thank you for your last letter.here are photos of me

and my sister LiuYing.sa you can see,in some ways we look the same,and in some ways we look different.we both

have black eyes and black hair,although my hair is shorter than hers.we both like sports,although LiuYing is more athletic than me.she's more outgoing,and I'm quieter.Ithink I'm smarter than her.my favorite subject are physics and chemistry,and her favorite subject is P.E.however,we both enjoy going to parties. Please visit us soon!

love LiuLi P35

Some friends have opposite views and interests, and some like the same things. What is your opinion? Should friends be different or the same? We asked some people what they think and this is what they said.

I like to have friends who are like me. I am quieter than most of the kids in my class, and my best friend Yuan Li is quiet, too. There are some differences, though. I am smarter than Yuan Li. She is more athletic.

James Green

It's not necessary to be the same. I like to have friends who are different from me. My best friend Larry is taller and more outgoing than me. We both like sports, but Larry is more athletic than me. He always beats me in tennis. Also, I'm quieter than he is.

Huang Lei

I don't really care. My best friend is Carol. Carol is very funny, and more outgoing than I am. But we both like doing the same things. I don't think differences are important in a friendship. Mary smith

Unit 7 P43

A: How do you make fruit salad?

B: First cut up three bananas, three apples and a watermelon. Next put the fruit in a bowl. Then put in two teaspoons of cinnamon and a cup of yogurt. Finally mix it all up. P45

Super Cbicken Sandwicb

First, put the butter on a slice of bread.Then cut up an onion and a tomato . Add these to the bread.Next,put some lettuce and the chicken slice on the bread.Put the relish on the chicken.Finally,put another slice of bread on the top unit 8

p49

Class 9 had a great time on the school trip.They went to blue water Aquarium for the day. First they visied the Visitors'center and watched a movie about sharks.Then they watched a dolphin show.After that,they went to the Outdoor pool and saw a big octopus. After lunch, they went to the Gift Shop and bought lots df gifts. finally,tured but happy,they took the bus back to school.At the end of the day,the scince teacher was very happy because the class monitor cleaned the bus after the trip P51

Dear Tom,

How was your day off?Did you have fun camping?I didn't have a fun day.I visited my

cousins.It rained all day.In the morning,I stayed in the house and watched DVDs,played computer games and read.In the afternoon,Uncle Martin put some of his old things out in the yard and had a yard sale!However ,no one came to the sale because the weather was so bad.Luckily ,we bought our umbrellas and raincoats ,so we didn't get wet.

See you soon Nick Unit 9 P55

You are never too young to start doing things.For example,Tiger Woods started golfing when he was only ten months old.Mozart started writing music when he was four years old.And Ronaldo,the great Brazilian soccer player,played for his national team when he was seventeen. P57

Li Yundi,a well-known Chinese pianist,always loved music.He was born in 1982 in

Chongqing.When he was a small boy,he could hum songs and difficult pieces of music.He began to learn the accordion at the age of four,and he started to learn the piano when he was seven.In October 2000,LiYundi took part in the 14th Chopin International Piano Competition in Poland.He won first prize in his group.He was also the first Chinese pianist in the 70-year history of the competition to win this prize.

Unit 10

P61

July 1

My dream job

When I grow up,I'm going to do what I want to do.I'm going to move somewhere

inretsting.Paris sounds like a city that I could enjoy. There are lots of art exhibitions there.I want to be an artist.So how am I going to do it?Firstk,I'm going to find a part-time job fora year or two and save some money.Then I'm going to be a student at an art school in Pares.And I'm going to study French at the same time.Next,I'm goingtu hold art exhibitions because I wantto be a rich and buy a big house for my parents.I also want to travel all over the world.One day,I'm going tu retire somewhere quier and beautiful.

P63

New Year’s Resolution Survey Results

We got over 1,000 letters, faxes, and e-mails from our readers about their New Year’s resolutions. Thank you! Many readers are going to work harder in school this year. Lots of readers are going to play sports. Some readers said they are going to eat more vegetables. A few readers said they are going to learn a new language. Some girls said they are going to exercise more to keep fit. Some parents are going to study the subjects their children learn at school. They want to communicate better with their kids. One old lady is going to leave her job and she wants to find a job as a language teacher in China .

Unit 11 P67

A:I hate to do chors .B:Well ,I hate some chores too,but I like other chores.A: Really? Do you like to do the laundry ? B:No ,I don’t,It’s boring. A:I agree,Do you lide to make your bed? B: NO, not really. But I like to do the dishes ,because it’s relaxing . And I like to make because I like to cook.. P69 Nancy,

Thanks for taking care of my dog. Could you please do these things every day? Take him for a walk.Give him water and feed him ,Don’t forget to clean his bed. Have fun! See you nexe week. Thanks, Thomas Unit 12

P73

What do young people think about places in town? We did a survey of our readers and this is what we learned. All the movie theaters are good, but the Screen City is the best in our town. It has the biggest screens and the most comfortable seats. However, Town Cinema is the cheapest, and it has the friendliest service. The most popular clothing store is Jason’s. It has the best quality clothing. It’s also the cheapest. Funky Fashions is the worst. It has really bad service. As for radio stations, most people think that Jazz 107.9 FM is really great. It plays the most interesting music. P75

Last week’s talent show was a great success. There were fifteen acts.Eliza Clark won the prize for the prize for the best performer .She played a beautiful piano piece. Hu Yue was the quiestest act went to Steve Tian and his do ,Fido . They sang a cute song together.

范文七:八年级上册语文课程纲要

课程名称:义务教育课程标准实验教科书 课程类型:必修课程

教学材料:人民教育出版社2007年第二版《义务教育课程标准实验教科书语文》 授课时间:70课时 授课教师:王菡

授课对象: 八四 八五 课程目标:

1、运用自主、合作、探究的学习方法探讨并说出对生活,对自然,对民俗,对社会的看法。

2、通过开展综合性实践活动,让学生搜集资料,大胆创新、展示成果,交流心得。

3、积累文言词语,背诵一定量的文言实词,表述诗歌意境,让作出简单的赏析和评价。

4、每周至少一次练笔(读书笔记,作文),通过作文指导课,让学生知道“写什么”和“怎么写”。

八年级上册语文课程纲要

课程实施建议 一)、教学方式

依据“自主、合作、探究”的课堂流程,利用班班通,借助导学案,在学生自主学习的基础上,进行小组互学、解疑助学和评价促学。

1.对于课堂环节中学生容易解决的问题,以提问法展开,辅以对话、指导点播、组织讨论等多种方式解决问题。

2.针对较难理解的内容以讲授法和提问法为主,让学生在教师讲解的基础上有针对性的思考问题,逐步突破难点。

3.诗歌学习主要采用朗读法,借助多媒体辅以情景渲染。 二)学习方式:

1.对于理解难度不大的知识点可采用反复朗读法、小组讨论法、集体探究法等方式解决疑难。

2.在学案的导学过程中对于难度较大的环节积极展开小组讨论,细听老师点拨,积极思考,勤记笔记。

3.对于情节集中,对话内容丰富的课文可以采用分角色朗读或表演法。 课程评价:(一)学生学习过程的评价:

1、对学生当堂进行评价,可通过提问次数,背书卡的使用情况进行评价。

2、在学校积极与班主任交流学生学习情况,利用校信通与家长交流学生在校学习状况。

3、认真组织综合性实践,在实践活动中检验学生的知识储备。 4、利用小组长进行过程评比。

(二)学生的基本知识与基本技能评价:

1、卷面检测,通过期中等阶段性抽测,以获得学生知识的储备。基础字词,诗词背诵,语段分析,写作训练等。 2、进行一次读书报告会和读书笔记展评。

3、学生自评和互评相结合,教师、家长的评价相结合,给每位学生做出综合评定,评价方式应当多种多样,即可用书面考试、口试、活动报告等方式 (三)教师教学行为评价:

1、教学面向全体学生,提问覆盖面广。

2、体现新课程理念,教师为主导,学生为主体。

3、教学采用自主、合作、探究的学习方式,学生学习兴趣高。 4、课堂气氛活跃,教学有风格。

八年级上册语文课程纲要

郑州市六十五中学:王菡

范文八:(第二课)八年级语文上册

一、通读全文,复述故事情节,讨论下面两个问题。

1.敌人严密监视着苇塘,然而,“每到傍晚,苇塘里的歌声还是那么响”,这响亮的歌声唤起你怎样的联想和想像?你还能想到其他文艺作品中的战斗歌声吗?

2.课文中哪些内容表现了老头子“过于自信和自尊”的性格?这句话在全文中起什么作用?

本题要求通过解读、复述,整体把握课文内容。第一小题抓住一句话,展开想像和联想,领会句子的含义。第二小题抓住老头子思想性格核心,作具体分析。此题有阅读训练,有口语训练,有内容研讨,有想像、联想训练。

1.提示:可由歌声想像战士的情绪,想像战士和部队的方方面面。具体地说,有老英雄不断送来柴米油盐,保障有力,给养充足,战士们身强力壮,信心充足。傍晚休息的时候,战士们放声歌唱起来。歌声是对敌人的沉重打击。

联想其他文艺作品中的战斗歌声,可以回忆课内外读过的文艺作品,答案不求一致。

2.老头子“过于自信和自尊”的性格在课文中贯穿始终。他对苇塘里的负责同志说:“你什么也靠给我,我什么也靠给水上的能耐,一切保险”,这句话充分表现他“过于自信和自尊”。

通过敌人封锁线,非常危险,而老头子“每天夜里,在敌人紧紧封锁的水面上,就像一个没事人,他按照早出晚归捕鱼撒网那股悠闲的心情撑着船,编算着使自己高兴也使别人高兴的事情”,这样的悠然自得也充分表现他“过于自信和自尊”。

送两个女孩进苇塘,老头子以为万无一失,什么事也没有了,安心睡一觉吧。小女孩洗脸,老头子让她洗,鬼子的小火轮探照灯射来,他还是“不怕”,以为“照不见我们”。鬼子扫射机枪,他还是“不怕”,以为“他打不着我们”,不能不说他有点大意,这是过于自信了。大女孩子受了伤,流了血,这一次任务没有完成,他觉得丢人现眼,没脸见人,不好意思去见部队,他是过于自尊了。

老头子发狠要为大女孩讨回血债,他向两个女孩子打了包票,他玩鬼子于掌股之间,诱鬼子上钩,举起篙来狠狠地敲打鬼子脑袋,叫鬼子头破血流,讨回了血债,讨回了自尊,这场英雄行为表明他是始终非常自信、非常自尊的。

“过于自信和自尊”这句话点出了老英雄性格的核心。这句话既有非常自信自尊的意思,又有自信过分、自尊过分的意思。全文情节,老英雄的全部功过,都是由这一点生发出来的。

二、课文中有一段话精彩地描写了老头子因没有圆满地完成任务而懊丧、内疚、自责的心理,请找出这段话并细细体味,然后把第二天二菱目睹老头子的英雄行为时的心

理活动补写出来。

本题引导学生品读两个片段,在品读中细细体味,在品读中展开想像。

描写老头子心理活动的一段话是:“一声一声像连珠箭,射穿老头子的心。他没法解释:大江大海过了多少,为什么这一次的任务,偏偏没有完成?自己没儿没女,这两个孩子多么叫人喜爱!自己平日夸下口,这一次带着挂花的人进去,怎么张嘴说话?这老脸呀!”老头子是非常自信和自尊的,他的责任心非常强,认为只有百分之百完成任务,才算尽到自己的责任。听着受伤的大女孩子痛苦地哼哼,听着小女孩子的话语,老头子痛苦到极点,“一声一声像连珠箭,射穿老头子的心”。他把大女孩子受伤流血的责任完全归咎于自己,他伤心到极点,内疚到极点。他是那么喜爱这两个孩子,孩子受伤了,流血了,他的心也受伤了,他的心也在流血。他强烈地自责,他感到自己向部队作的保证落了空,他感到自己的过失给自己带来奇耻大辱,使自己丢人现眼,没有脸去见部队。强烈的自尊心使他感到无地自容。

二菱目睹老头子的英雄行为,她想这位老同志昨天说的话可不是放空炮,自己真是小看了老同志,别看他这么大年纪,真是老英雄啊!你看他,面对十几个鬼子,毫不畏惧。想不到他足智多谋,原来把一大捆莲蓬放在船头,自己有滋有味剥着莲蓬吃,是在引诱鬼子。他驾船的本领神了,好像牵着鬼子的鼻子在转。鬼子在水里转来转去怎么会不敢动弹了呢?怎么一股一股血水冒上来呢?老同志还没动手,鬼子怎么就流血了呢?定然是水下设了什么机关,他真有点子。原来他真有他的本事,不用枪,一个人就能对付十几个鬼子,叫鬼子只有挨打的份,没有还手的力。老英雄砸得好,狠狠砸!叫他们头破血流。大菱的仇算是报了,回去告诉大菱,让她知道这英雄的故事,让她早日养好伤,向老英雄学习,打败日本鬼子。

三、课文中有不少如诗如画的景物描写,如“月明风清的夜晚……像一片苇叶,奔着东南去了”“弯弯下垂的月亮,浮在水一样的天上”等,找出并抄下来,仔细体味,再仿写几句,写写你家乡的景物。

本题学习景物描写。孙犁的景物描写很有特色,摘抄一遍,细心揣摩,对这种描写的高明之处有所领悟,可以提高自己的描写能力。

①夜晚,敌人从炮楼的小窗子里,呆望着这阴森黑暗的大苇塘,天空的星星也像浸在水里,而且要滴落下来的样子。到这样的深夜,苇塘里才有水鸟飞动和唱歌的声音,白天它们是紧紧藏到窝里躲避炮火去了。苇子还是那么狠狠地往上钻,目标好像就是天上。

②月明风清的夜晚,人们的眼再尖利

一些,就可以看见有一只小船从苇塘里撑出来,在淀里,像一片苇叶,奔着东南去了。

③弯弯下垂的月亮,浮在水一样的天上。

④月亮落了,半夜以后的苇塘,有些飒飒的风响。

⑤第二天,中午的时候,非常闷热。一轮红日当天,水面上浮着一层烟气。

⑥水淀里没有一个人影,只有一团白绸子样的水鸟,也躲开鬼子往北飞去,落到大荷叶下面歇凉去了。

⑦这里的水却是镜子一样平,蓝天一般清,拉长的水草在水底轻轻地浮动。

⑧在那里,鲜嫩的芦花,一片展开的紫色的丝绒,正在迎风飘撒。

范文九:八年级上册语文课本目录

八年级上册语文课本目录

第一单元

1 新闻两则 毛泽东2

人民解放军百万大军横渡长江 2

中原我军解放南阳 5

2 芦花荡 孙犁10

3 蜡烛 西蒙诺夫20

4 就英法联军远征中国给巴特勒上尉的信 雨过29 5 亲爱的爸爸妈妈 聂华苓33

综合性学习·写作·口语交际 世界何时铸剑为犁42

第二单元

6 阿长与《山海经》 鲁迅50

7 背影 朱自清60

8 台阶 李森祥66

9 老王 杨绛75

10 信客 余秋雨81

写作·口语交际·综合性学习 让世界充满爱89

第三单元

11 中国石拱桥 茅以升92

12 桥之美 吴冠中100

13 苏州园林 叶圣陶105

14 故宫博物院 黄传惕110

15 说“屏” 陈从周116

综合性学习·写作·口语交际 说不尽的桥120

第四单元

16 大自然的语言 竺可桢128

17 奇妙的克隆 谈家桢134

18 阿西莫夫短文两篇

恐龙无处不在 142

被压扁的沙子145

19 生物入侵者 梅涛150

20 你一定会听见的 黄天祥155

写作·口语交际·综合性学习 走上辩论台159

第五单元

21 桃花源记 陶渊明163

22 短文两篇168

陋室铭 刘禹锡168

爱莲说 周敦颐169

23 核舟记 魏学颐168

24 大道之行也 《礼记》177

25 杜甫诗三首179

望岳 179

春望 180

石壕吏 181

综合性学习·写作·口语交际 莲文化的魅力184

第六单元

26 三峡 郦道元191

27 短文两篇 194

答谢中书书 陶弘景194

记承天寺夜游 苏轼195

28 观潮 周密197

29 湖心亭看雪 张岱202

30 诗四首

归园田居(其三) 陶渊明206

使至塞上渡荆门送别 王维207

游山西村 李白207

登岳阳楼(其一)陈与义208

写作·口语交际·综合性学习 怎样搜集资料210

课外古诗词背诵

长歌行 汉乐府213

野望 王绩214

早寒江上有怀 孟浩然215

望洞庭湖赠张丞相 孟浩然216

黄鹤楼 崔颢218

送友人 李白219

秋词 刘禹锡220

鲁山山行 梅尧臣221 浣溪沙 苏轼 222

十一月四日风雨大作 (南宋)陆游

名著导读 《朝花夕拾》:温馨的回忆与理性的批判 224

《骆驼祥子》:旧北京人力车夫的辛酸故事 234

《钢铁是怎样炼成的》:理想主义的旗帜与人生的教科书 243 附录

欣赏王羲之书法 255

汉语词类表(虚词)266

范文十:八年级上册英语3a课文

八年级上册英语 3a 课文 Unit 1 P3 What Do Students Do at GHreen High School? Here are the results of the student activity survey at GreenHigh School.Most students exercise three or four times a week . Some students exercise once or twice a week. Some students are very active and exercise every day. As for homework, most students do homework every day. Some students do homework three or four times a week. No students do homework once or twice a week. The results for nd staying until September.He plans to have a very relaxing vacation. beats me in tennis. Also, I'm quieter than he is. Huang Lei I don't really care. My best friend is Carol. Carol is very funny, and more outgoing than I am. But we both like doing the same things. I don't think differences are important in a friendship. Mary smith Unit 7 P43 A: How do you make fruit salad? B: First cut up three bananas, three apples and a watermelon. Next put the fruit in a bowl. Then put in two teaspoons of cinnamon and a cup of yogurt. Finally mix it all up. P45 Super Cbicken Sandwicb First, put the butter on a slice of bread.Then cut up an onion and a tomato . Add these to the bread.Next,put some lettuce and the chicken slice on the bread.Put the relish on the chicken.Finally,put another slice of bread on the top unit 8 p49 Class 9 had a great time on the school trip.They went to blue water Aquarium for the day. First they visied the Visitors'center and watched a movie about sharks.Then they watched a dolphin show.After that,they went to the Outdoor pool and saw a big octopus. After lunch, they went to the Gift Shop and bought lots df gifts. finally,tured but happy,they took the bus back to school.At the end of the day,the scince teacher was very happy because the class monitor cleaned the bus after the trip P51 Dear Tom, How was your day off?Did you have fun camping?I didn't have a fun day.I visited my cousins.It rained all day.In the morning,I stayed in the house and watched DVDs,played computer games and read.In the afternoon,Uncle Martin put some of his old things out in the yard and had a yard sale!However ,no one came to the sale because the weather was so bad.Luckily ,we bought our umbrellas and raincoats ,so we didn't get wet. See you soon Nick Unit 9 P55 You are never too young to start doing things.For example,Tiger Woods started golfing when he was only ten months old.Mozart started writing music when he was four years old.And Ronaldo,the great Brazilian soccer player,played for his national team when he was seventeen. P57 Li Yundi,a well-known Chinese pianist,always loved music.He was born in 1982 in Chongqing.When he was a small boy,he could hum songs and difficult pieces of music.He began to learn the accordion at the age of four,and he started to learn the piano when he was seven.In October 2000,LiYundi took part in the 14th Chopin International Piano Competition in Poland.He won first prize in his group.He was also the first Chinese pianist in the 70-year history of the competition to win this prize. Unit 10 P61 July 1 My dream job When I grow up,I'm going to do what I want to do.I'm going to move somewhere inretsting.Paris sounds like a city that I could enjoy. There are lots of art exhibitions there.I want to be an artist.So how am I going to do it?Firstk,I'm going to find a part-time job fora year or two and save some money.Then I'm going to be a student at an art school in Pares.And I'm going to study French at the same time.Next,I'm goingtu hold art exhibitions because I wantto be a rich and buy a big house for my parents.I also want to travel all over the world.One day,I'm going tu retire somewhere quier and beautiful. P63 New Year’s Resolution Survey Results We got over 1,000 letters, faxes, and e-mails from our readers about their New Year’s resolutions. Thank you! Many readers are going to work harder in school this year. Lots of readers are going to play sports. Some readers said they are going to eat more vegetables. A few readers said they are going to learn a new language. Some girls said they are going to exercise more to keep fit. Some parents are going to study the subjects their children learn at school. They want to communicate better with their kids. One old lady is going to leave her job and she wants to find a job as a language teacher in China . Unit 11 P67 A:I hate to do chors .B:Well ,I hate some chores too,but I like other chores.A: Really? Do you like to do the laundry ? B:No ,I don’t,It’s boring. A:I agree,Do you lide to make your bed? B: NO, not really. But I like to do the dishes ,because it’s relaxing . And I like to make because I like to cook.. P69 Nancy, Thanks for taking care of my dog. Could you please do these things every day? Take him for a walk.Give him water and feed him ,Don’t forget to clean his bed. Have fun! See you nexe week. Thanks, Thomas Unit 12 P73 What do young people think about places in town? We did a survey of our readers and this is what we learned. All the movie theaters are good, but the Screen City is the best in our town. It has the biggest screens and the most comfortable seats. However, Town Cinema is the cheapest, and it has the friendliest service. The most popular clothing store is Jason’s. It has the best quality clothing. It’s also the cheapest. Funky Fashions is the worst. It has really bad service. As for radio stations, most people think that Jazz 107.9 FM is really great. It plays the most interesting music. P75 Last week’s talent show was a great success. There were fifteen acts.Eliza Clark won the prize for the prize for the best performer .She played a beautiful piano piece. Hu Yue was the quiestest act went to Steve Tian and his do ,Fido . They sang a cute song together. 翻译 八年级上册英语 3a3 课文课文 Unit 1 单位 1 P3P3 What Do Students Do at GHreen High School 学生们是怎样在 GHreen 高中? Here are the results of the student activity survey at GreenHigh School.这里是结果学 生活动的调查 GreenHigh 学校。Most students exercise three or four times a week . 大多数学生一周锻炼三或四次。Some students exercise once or twice a week. 一些 学生锻炼一周一次或者两次。Some students are very active and exercise every day. 有些学生非常活跃,每天锻炼。As for homework, most students do homework every day. 至于家庭作业,大部分学生每天都做作业。Some students do homework three or four times a week. 一些学生做家庭作业三或四次一个星期。No students do homework onceor twice a week. 没有学生做家庭作业每周一次或两次。The results for at a balanced diet.它 很容易有健康的生活方式,重要的是要吃均衡的饮食。 Unit 3 单元三 P1515 Tony: What you doing for vacation, Lin Tony: I’m visiting my friend in 托尼:我要 Hui?托尼:你假期打算做什么,林惠吗? 去看望我的朋友 Hong Kong 香港. Lin Hui: I'm going to 林许:我要去 Tibet Lin Hui: Oh yeah? 林回:哦,是吗?How 西藏 for a week.一个星期。 long are you staying?你要呆多久? Tony: That sounds interesting! 托尼:那听 Tony: Just for four days. 托尼:仅仅四天 起来很有趣!What are you doing there?你 了。I don't like going away for too long. 在那里做什么? 我不喜欢离开太久。 Lin Hui: I'm going hiking in the Lin Hui: Well, have a good time! 林回: mountains. 林许:我要在山区里远足。 嗯,有个美好的时光。Send me a postcard How about you, Tony? 你呢,托尼?What from 给我寄张明信片从 Hong Kong 香 are you doing for vacation?你假期准备做 港! 什么? Tony: Sure. 托尼:当然。Show me your photos when you we get back to school.当 你把你的照片给我看看我们回到学校。 P17P17 Ben Lambert's Vacation Plans!本· 兰伯特的假期计划! Ben Lambert,the famous French singer,is taking a long vacation this summer!本· 兰伯 特,著名的法国歌手是把一个很长的假期!He thought about going to 他原考虑去 Greece 希腊 or 或 Spain 西班牙,but decided on,但最终决定去 Canada 加拿大.。大约需要 ten 十 minutes. 分钟。 Then the early bus takes him to school.然后早班公共汽车带他去学校。 The bus ride 乘坐公车的 usually takes about 25 minutes.通常需要 25 分钟。 P23p23 How do students around the world get to school 世界各地的学生怎么去学校? In North America, most students go to school on the school bus.在北美,大多数学生 坐校车去上学。Some students also walk or ride bikes to school.一些学生也步行或 骑车上学。 other parts of the world,things are different.在世界的其他地方,情况就 In 不同了。In Japan,most students take trains to school, althongh others alsowalk or ride their bikes.在日本,大多数学生坐火车去上学,alsowalk 并存他人或骑自行车。In China,it depends on where you are.在中国,这取决于你所在的位置。In big cities.在 大城市。 students usually rides to school ortake buses. 学生们通常骑车去学校 ortake 巴士。And in places where there are rivers and lakes.在那些地方,河流和湖泊。Like Hongshanhu and Kanshandao,students usually go to school by boat.象红山湖和 Kanshandao,学生们通常坐船去上学。That must be a lot more fun than taking a bus 那一定比坐公共汽车有趣得多! Unit 5 单位 5 P27p27 It 's a Birthday Party!它的生日聚会。 For whom:LISA 为谁:丽莎 Tim:Friday, June 30, at four thirty 蒂姆:星期五,6 月 30 日,四百三十 Place:Lisa’shouse,15th Street 地点:丽莎国会,第十五街 Come and have fun?来玩得开心吗? P29P29 Hi Henry,嗨亨利, Thank you for your invitation. 谢谢你的邀请。I’m sorry I can’t visit you this week. 我很抱歉我不能访问你这个星期。 am really busy. 我真的很忙。 I This evening I’m going to my cousin’s birthday party. 今天晚上我要去我的表哥的生日聚会。And tomorrow, I have to go to the dentist. 明天,我必须去看牙医。(Yuck!) (哇!)On Wednesday, I have tennis training with the school team. 周三,我有网球培训学校的 团队。And I have to study for my chemistry test on Thursday. 我必须学习周四为化 学考试。On Friday evening, I’m going to the movies with some friends. 在周五的晚 上,我去看电影,与一些朋友。Can you come to the movies with us on Friday 你能和 我们一起去看电影周五 Write soon.编写很快。 Sonia 索尼娅 Unit 7 第 7 单元 P33P33 Dear Isabel,亲爱的伊莎贝尔, Thank you for your last letter.谢谢你上次的来信。 here are photos of me 下面是我的 照片 and my sister LiuYing.和我妹妹刘英。sa you can see,in some ways we look the same,and in some ways we look different.sa 你看见的,在一些方面我们看起来一样, 在某些方面我们看起来不同。we both 我们都 have black eyes and black hair,although my hair is shorter than hers.有黑眼睛和黑头 发,虽然我的比她的头发是短的。we both like sports,although LiuYing is more athletic than me.我们都喜欢运动,尽管刘英比我更运动。she's more outgoing,and I'm quieter.她更外向,我安静。Ithink I'm smarter than her.我想我比她更聪明。my favorite subject are physics and chemistry,and her favorite subject is P.E.however,we both enjoy going to parties.我最喜欢的科目是物理和化学,和她最喜欢的科目是 P.E.however,我们都喜欢参加派对。 Please visit us soon!请访问我们的快! love 爱 LiuLi 妇科病 P35P35 Some friends have opposite views and interests, and some like the same things. 一些 朋友有相反的观点和爱好,和一些喜欢相同的东西。What is your opinion? 你的意 见是什么?Should friends be different or the same? 应该当朋友不同或相同吗?We asked some people what they think and this is what they said.我们问一些人他们认为 这就是他们说。 I like to have friends who are like me. 我喜欢有像我的朋友。I am quieter than most of the kids in my class, and my best friend Yuan Li is quiet, too. 我比大多数孩子安 静我班上,我最好的朋友元李是安静下来了。There are some differences, though. 有一些差异,虽然。I am smarter than Yuan Li. 我要聪明元李。She is more athletic. 她是更多的运动。 James Green 詹姆斯· 格林 It's not necessary to be the same. 虽然没有必要是相同的。 like to have friends who I are different from me. 我想从我的朋友们不同。My best friend Larry is taller and more outgoing than me. 我最好的朋友拉里是比我更高,更外向。 both like sports, We but Larry is more athletic than me. 我们都喜欢运动,但我的意思是:拉里是更具运 动性。 always beats me in tennis. 在网球上他总是赢我。 He Also, I'm quieter than he is.另外,我比他更安静。 Huang Lei 黄 Lei I don't really care. 我真的不关心。My best friend is Carol. 我最好的朋友是卡罗。 Carol is very funny, and more outgoing than I am. 卡罗尔很风趣,而且比我更外向。 But we both like doing the same things. 但是我们都喜欢做同样的事情。I don't think differences are important in a friendship.我认为差异对于友谊来说并不重要。 Mary smith 玛丽· 史密斯 Unit 7 第 7 单元 P43P43 A: How do you make fruit salad?你怎样制作水果沙拉? B: First cut up three bananas, three apples and a watermelon. B:首先削减了三个香蕉, 三个苹果和一个西瓜。Next put the fruit in a bowl. 接下来把水果放在一个碗里。 Then put in two teaspoons of cinnamon and a cup of yogurt. 然后放入两茶匙的肉桂 和一杯酸奶。Finally mix it all up.最后它混合在一起。 P45 下岗通知 Super Cbicken Sandwicb 超级 Cbicken Sandwicb First, put the butter on a slice of bread.首先,将黄油涂在一片面包。Then cut up an onion and a tomato .然后切洋葱和西红柿。 Add these to the bread.把这些加在面包。Next,put some lettuce and the chicken slice on the 接下来,将一些生菜和鸡肉片上 bread.面包。Put the relish on the chicken.把喜欢根据鸡。Finally,put another slice of bread on the top 最后,把另一片面包放在最上面 unit 8 单元 8 p49p49 Class 9 had a great time on the school trip.第 9 级有很多时间在学校旅行中。They went to blue water Aquarium for the day. 他们去了蓝色的水水族馆的一天。First they visied the Visitors'center and watched a movie about sharks.首先,他们 visied 游 客'center 和看电影的有关鲨鱼。 Then they watched a dolphin show.然后他们看海豚 表演。After that,they went to the Outdoor pool and saw a big octopus. 在那之后,他 们去户外水池,看见一个大章鱼。After lunch, they went to the Gift Shop and bought lots df gifts. 午饭后,他们去礼品店和 df 买了很多礼物。 finally,tured but happy,they took the bus back to school.最后,应该用针戳穿但快乐,他们乘汽车回到了学校。At the end of the day,the scince teacher was very happy because the class monitor cleaned the bus after the trip 在一天结束的时候,科学老师非常高兴,因为之后,班长 打扫了公共汽车旅行 P51 多样的 Dear Tom,亲爱的汤姆, How was your day off?你一天假?Did you have fun camping?你玩得开心野营吗?I didn't have a fun day.我没有一个快乐的一天。 visited my cousins.我拜访了我的堂 I 兄弟。It rained all day.下了一整天的雨。In the morning,I stayed in the house and watched DVDs,played computer games and read.早上,我呆在家里看 dvd、玩电脑游 戏和阅读。In the afternoon,Uncle Martin put some of his old things out in the yard and had a yard sale!在下午,马丁叔叔把他的一些旧物品在院子里,有一个庭院甩 卖!However ,no one came to the sale because the weather was so bad.然而,没有人来 销售,因为天气太坏。Luckily ,we bought our umbrellas and raincoats ,so we didn't get wet.幸运的是,我们买了我们的伞和雨衣,所以我们也不会被雨淋湿了。 See you soon 很快见到你 Nick 尼克 Unit 9 单元 9 P55P55 You are never too young to start doing things.你早开始做事都不为过。For example,Tiger Woods started golfing when he was only ten months old.例如,老虎伍 兹开始打高尔夫球时他才 10 个月。Mozart started writing music when he was four years old.莫扎特的时候,开始写音乐四岁。And Ronaldo,the great Brazilian soccer player,played for his national team when he was seventeen.和罗纳尔多,巴西著名的 足球运动员,开始为国家队效力了在他十七岁。 P57P57 Li Yundi,a well-known Chinese pianist,always loved music.李云迪,一个著名的中国 钢琴家,一直热爱音乐。He was born in 他出生在 1982 in1982 年 Chongqing.重庆。 When he was a small boy,he could hum songs and difficult pieces of music.当他还是 个小男孩时,他就能哼唱一些歌曲和一些有难度的乐曲。He began to learn the accordion at the age of four,and he started to learn the piano when he was seven.他开 始学手风琴的四岁时,他开始学钢琴当他七岁时。In October 2000,LiYundi took part in the 14th Chopin International Piano Competition in Poland.2000 年 10 月,LiYundi 参加了第 14 届肖邦国际钢琴比赛在波兰。He won first prize in his group.他在他的团队获得了一等奖。He was also the first Chinese pianist in the 70-year history of the competition to win this prize.他也是中国第一个钢琴家在 70 年的历史上赢得这个奖项的竞争。 Unit 10 单位 10 P61P61 July 17 月 1 日 My dream job 我梦想的工作 When I grow up,I'm going to do what I want to do.当我长大了,我要去做自己想做 的事。 going to move somewhere inretsting.我想搬到某个 inretsting。 I'm Paris sounds like a city that I could enjoy. 巴黎听起来像一个城市,我就可以享受。There are lots of art exhibitions there.有很多的艺术展览那里。I want to be an artist.我要成为一名 艺术家。So how am I going to do it?所以我要怎么做?Firstk,I'm going to find a part-time job fora year or two and save some money.Firstk,我打算找一份兼职的工 作一两年论坛和节省一些钱。 Then I'm going to be a student at an art school in Pares. 然后我将会成为一个学生在艺术学校在流失。And I'm going to study French at the same time.并且我要在同一时间学习法语。Next,I'm goingtu hold art exhibitions because I wantto be a rich and buy a big house for my parents.接下来,我 goingtu 举办 画展,因为我想成为一个富有和买一幢大房子里为我的父母。I also want to travel all over the world.我也要环游世界。 One day,I'm going tu retire somewhere quier and beautiful.有一天,我要涂退休和美丽的地方深沉。 P63P63 New Year’s Resolution Survey Results 新年决心的调查结果 We got over 1,000 letters, faxes, and e-mails from our readers about their New Year’s resolutions. 我们得到了超过 1000 封来信,传真和电子邮件从我们的读者对他们 的新年决心。Thank you! 谢谢你!Many readers are going to work harder in school this year. 许多读者们会更加努力今年在学校里。Lots of readers are going to play sports. 大量的读者们会做运动。Some readers said they are going to eat more vegetables. 一些读者说他们要吃更多的蔬菜。A few readers said they are going to learn a new language. 一些读者说他们要学习一门新的语言。Some girls said they are going to exercise more to keep fit. 一些女孩说他们做更多的锻炼来保持健康。 Some parents are going to study the subjects their children learn at school. 有些父母 打算学习他们孩子在学校学习的课程。They want to communicate better with their kids. 他们想要更好地与孩子进行交流。 One old lady 一位老太太 is going to leave her job and she wants to find a job as a language teacher in China .要离开她的工作, 她想找一个工作在中国的语文老师。 Unit 11 单位 11 P67P67 A:I hate to do chors .答:我讨厌做 chors。B:Well ,I hate some chores too,but I like other chores.哦,我讨厌一些杂事了,但是我喜欢其他杂务。A: Really? 答:真的 吗?Do you like to do the laundry ? 你喜欢洗衣服?B:No ,I don’t,It’s boring. B:不,我 没有,很无聊。A:I agree,Do you lide to make your bed? 答:我同意,你要让你的床 上?B: NO, not really. B:没有,真的没有。But I like to do the dishes ,because it’s relaxing . 但我喜欢洗碗,因为它令人放松。And I like to make because I like to cook..我喜欢,因为我喜欢做. . P69P69 Nancy,南希, Thanks for taking care of my dog. 感谢你照顾我的狗。Could you please do these things every day? 你能做这些事情的每一天?Take him for a walk.带他出去走走。 Give him water and feed him ,Don’t forget to clean his bed. 给他水和喂他,不要忘 记清理他的床上。Have fun! 玩得开心!See you nexe week.看到你 nexe 一周。 Thanks,谢谢你, Thomas 托马斯 Unit 12 单位 12 P73P73 What do young people think about places in town? 年轻人们思考什么地方在城里 吗?We did a survey of our readers and this is what we learned. 我们对我们的读者 做了调查,这是我们了解到。All the movie theaters are good, but the Screen City is the best in our town. 所有的电影院都很好,但是屏幕的城市是我们镇上最好的。It has the biggest screens and the most comfortable seats. 拥有最大的屏幕和最舒适的 座位。 However, Town Cinema is the cheapest, and it has the friendliest service. 然而, 小镇电影院是最便宜、 最友� � � 的服务。 most popular clothing store is Jason’s. The 最受欢迎的服装商店是杰森的。 has the best quality clothing. 它有最好质量的服 It 装。 also the cheapest. 它也是最便宜的。 It’s Funky Fashions is the worst. 时髦的时 装是最糟糕的。 has really bad service. 它变得很糟糕的服务。 for radio stations, It As most people think that Jazz 107.9 FM is really great. 至于广播电台,绝大多数人认 为调频 107.9 爵士真的很棒。It plays the most interesting music.它播放的音乐最有 趣。 P75 我 Last week’s talent show was a great success. 上周的天才表演真是非常成功。There were fifteen acts.有十五行为。Eliza Clark won the prize for the prize for the best performer .伊丽莎克拉克赢得奖奖最佳表演者。She played a beautiful piano piece. 她扮演了一个美丽的钢琴曲。Hu Yue was the quiestest act went to Steve Tian and his do ,Fido . 胡锦涛曰是 quiestest 行动去斯蒂夫和他做� 角度来说,狗。They � sang a cute song together.他们还唱了一首可爱的歌。