冀教八年级上册英语

冀教八年级上册英语

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范文一:冀教版八年级英语上册语法专项练习

冀教版八年级英语上册语法专项练习

更新时间:2012-12-9 12:50:34 来源:本站整理 作者:佚名 【大 中 小】 浏览:280 次

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冀教版八年级英语上册语法专项练习

1、The boy likes questions.

A.ask B.answer C.to ask

2、We'll try there on time.

A.to get B.getting C.got

3、They hoped their mother soon.

A.to see B.saw C.seeing

4、I'm glad you again.

A.meet B.met C.to meet

5、He often helps me my bike.

A.mending B.to mend C.to mended

6、I heard Alice in the next door.

A.sings B.sang C.sing

7、The work is easy. Let him it by himself.

A.do B.to do C.doing

8、He saw Dick in and take a book away. A.came

C.come

9、Does Jack want a writer?

A.be B.is C.to be

10、The boss had them from morning to night.

A.worked B.working C.Work

11、It's time home.

A.to go B.went C.going

12、Tom is kind. He would like you.

A.to help B.help C.helped

13、Don't forget your books to school.

A.bring B.to bring C.brought

14、I don't know .

A.where does he live B.what is he doing

C.where he lives D.what he is dring it

15、Ask him how much .

A.did it cost B.cost it C.it costed D.it costs

16、I wonder used for.

A.what was this room B.which was this room

C.what this room was D.that this room was

17、I really don't know .

A.where he was born B.where he is born

C.where was he born D.where is he born

18、We have no idea . B.coming

A.how worried was he B.how worried he was

C.that was he worried D.what was he worried

19、He wanted to know there.

A.how long time I had been B.how long had I been

C.how long I had been D.how long I was

20、My mother wants to know .

A.how is Tom getting along B.how he is getting along

C.what is he getting along D.what he is getting along

21、What shall we do it rains tomorrow?

A.if B.when C.since

22、The doctor didn't have a rest the operation was over.

A.before B.after C.until

23、She didn't go to the cinema she was very busy.

A.when B.until C.Because

24、His parents didn't send their children to school life was hard.

A.if B.while C.because

25、Finish doing your homework you go to bed.

A.before B.until C.after

26、The film was interesting all of us wanted to see it again.

A.as, as B.so, that C.such, that

27、 he heard a girl crying for help outside, he rushed out of the room.

A.Before B.As soon as C.after

28、There are students in Class One in Class Two.

A.as many, than B.as much, as

C.more, than D.so many, as

29. I was watching TV, my sister was litening to the radio programme.

A.After B.While C.Before

30、Let's wait for him ____ ___ he ___ ___ back.

A.until, will come B.until, came

C.if, will come D.until, comes

31、I'll remember ____ ___ her the letter.

A.give B.gave C.to give

32、He turned on the radio and stopped __ ____ to the radio.

A.listened B.to listen C.listening

33、He had decided ___ ___ it again.

A.written B.writing C.to write

34、It's cold. You need warm clothes.

A.to wear B.wearing C.wore

35、Mr Black mill agree ___ ___ there with you.

A.to go B.went C.will go

36、They were able to ___ ____ last year.

A.swam B.swim C.swimming

37、She is pleased ____ _ ___ her friend.

A.to meet B.met C.meeting

38、They were sorry ___ ______ that.

A.to hear B.heard C.hearing

39、He is sure ____ ____ tomorrow.

A.to come B.will come C.coming

40、Teacher told us __ __ quiet.

A.is B.are C.to be

41、He will teach me __ _____ this year.

A.to skate B.skating C.skated

42、They asked him ____ ____ any noise.

A.not making B.no make C.not to make

43、Did you hear her __ ___ the song in English last night?

A.sing B.sang C.to sing D.sings

44、The students don't know _____ __ next.

A.to do what B.what to do C.what do D.do what

45、The boss made them ___ __ ten hours a day.

A.worked B.working C.work D.to work

46、I'd like my good friend ___ ____ to my home.

A.come B.will come C.coming D.to come

47、Will you help me __ ___ this morning?

A.do the wash B.to do the wash

C.do the washing D.doing the washing

48、I'd love ___ __ that film, will it be on tomorrow?

A.see B.to see C.seeing D.seen

49、He told them ____ __ on with the work.

A.to go B.going C.go D.went

50、We'll try __ _ __ the work before seven o'clock.

A.finished B.finish C.to finish D.finishing

52、This maths problem is difficult. Let me ___ __ it over.

A.to think B.thinking C.think D.thought

53、Sorry I've kept you for a long time.

A.wait B.to wait C.waiting D.waited

54、It's not easy __ _ a foreign language.

A.learns B.learn C.to learn D.learning

55、The doctor was busy ___ __ on the woman at that time. A.operate

B.operating C.to operate D.operated

56、I'm hungry. Please give me something _ __ .

A.eat B.eating C.to eat D.eaten

57、Mr Smith enjoys __ ___ to light music.

A.listens B.to listen C.listening D.listen

58、It was very late at night he still went on __ __ .

A.works B.worked C.working D.work

59、When they walked along the river, they suddenly heard somebody __ __ for help.

A.call B.calling C.called D.to call

60、Stop ___ __ and listen to me carefully said the teacher.

A.to talk B.talking C.talk D.talks

61、The teacher asked me __ __ the question in English. A.answer

B.to answer C.answered D.answering

62、It was eleven o'clock, she stopped the child from ___ ___ TV. A.watch

B.watching C.to watch D.watched

63、He is strong enough __ ___ the box.

A.carry B.to carry C.carrying D.carries

64、Please be quiet. You ___ _ talk loudly in the library.

A.needn't B.mustn't C.need D.must

65、Don't be late. You ___ _ be there on time.

A.must B.can C.may D.needn't

66、

A.Must B.May C.Need D.Shall

67、I've looked for my pen everywhere, but I ___ __ find it.

A.couldn't B. can't C.mustn't D.didn't

68、Excuse me __ ___ I ask you a question?

A.will B.do C.may D.would

69、This science book __ _____ good care of.

A.must be take B.must take

C.must be taken D.must to be taken

70、

A.mustn't B.can't C.needn't D.may not本文来源

于:http://www.tooben.com/Article/chuzhongst/jjb/jjbbnjscst/201212/14003_3.html

八年级英语语法形容词比较级专项练习(有答案)

来源: 本站整理 发布时间: 2010-02-26 编辑: angelaYOYO

[ 我来纠错 ] [ 我来说两句(1) ][字号:大 中 小]

一、写出下列形容词与副词的比较级与最高级形式:

long _________ ______ wide _______ _______ thin _________

_______

heavy ________ ______ slow _______ _______ few___________

_______

short ________ ______ badly ______ _______ far __________

_______

quickly ______ ______ happy ______ _______ careful ______

_______

二、用所给词的正确形式填空:

1. She will be much ______ (happy) in her new class.

2. The short one is _______ (useful) of the five.

3. His sister is two years _______ (young) than him.

4. This ruler is twice as ______ (long) as that.

5. The _____ (cheap) bags are usually the best ones.

6. Gold(黄金) is much ______ (expensive)than iron(铁).

7. The boy is not so ______ (interesting) as his brother.

8. Jack sings _____ (well), he sings ______(well) than Tom, but Mary sings______(well) in

her class.

9. Of the three girls, I find Lucy is _______ (clever).

10. John’s parents have four daughters, and she is _____ (young) child.

三、选择填空:

1.It is _____ today than yesterday.

A. hot B. more hot C. hotter D. much hot

2. This line is ____ than that one.

A. not longer B. more longer

C. much more longer D. many more longer

3. Of the five toys, the child chose_____.

A. the expensive one B. one most expensive

C. a least expensive D. the most expensive one

4. Which do you like _____, coffee, tea or milk?

A. the best B. better C. the better D. best

5. They bet to see who could run _____ in the sports meeting.

A. the fastest B. the faster C. fastest D. faster

6. This book is ____ of all.

A. thinner B. the thinner C. more thinner D. the thinnest

7. She looks _____ than she really is.

A. the more younger B. much younger

C. very younger D. more younger

范文二:冀教版八年级英语上册Unit1-5短语总结

八年级英语第一单元知识点归纳

1. betwween...and...:在...和...之间 2. be back to:回到... Be back home 回家

3. over the summer holiday:在暑假期间 4. get sth from sb:从某人那得到某物】

Get e-mail from China收到来自中国的邮件5 be happy/sorry/glad …to do sth. 意思是很……做某事。 e.g. I’m happy to meet you.

6. It’s fun to get e-mail from China. .收到中国来的电子邮件很有趣。

it 是形式主语。真正的主语是动词不定式to get e-mail from China.

7. exercise 是名词,意思是练习, 锻炼,做练习讲时,是可数名词。做锻炼讲时是不可数名词;而在表示早操,眼保健操时要用复数形式。 (1).Running is good exercise for many people. (2).The students have to do a lot of math exercises. (3).We do morning exercises and eye exercises every day.

8 arrive from… 从某地返回 arrive at ..到达(小地点) arrive in 到达(大地点) 9. would like=want:想要

look like 看起来像=be like 10. wear 动词表示穿着,它有一些近义词,如:put on , dress, in 注意它们的区别.put on 意思是穿上强调穿的动作,dress意思是给某人穿或自己穿衣服.in 表示穿着的状态,与wear意思相同,但不能单独使用,需要和be一起做谓语,后面常跟表示颜色或服装的词.

①. You are wearing a red coat. ②.You have a red coat on.. ③. You are in a red coat.

④. He put on his coat and go out. ⑤.I dress myself every morning. ⑥.Mum is dressing my little sister.

11.take pictures/photos ,take a picture/photo意思是照相.

12 .wish n..①愿望:she has no wish to leave.她不想走。

②祝福,祝愿:With best wishes.祝好(信末结束语)。 v. 想要,需要,希望

⑴. wish to do:She wishes to go abroad.她想出国。

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⑵.wish sb. to do sth.:What do you wish me to do?你想让我做什么?

⑶.wish sb. sth.:I wish you a pleasant journey! 祝你旅途愉快!

13.lend me yours 把我的借给你(lend-lent –lent) Lend sb sth.=lend sth to sb 把某物借给某人 Borrow sb sth=borrow sth from sb向某人借某物 14 help you take the pthoto(帮你照相) Help sb do sth 帮某人做某事 Help sb with sth 再某方面帮助某人

15 I don’t know her , either . 我也不认识她. too, also与either

(1).also是正式用语,通常用于肯定句中,其位置一般放在系动词、助动词、情态动词之后或实义动词之前。如:

I also went.我也去了。

He can also speak English.他也会说英语。 (2).too常与also通用,口语中用得较多,也是用于肯定句中。其位置一般在句末或句中,在句末时,前边常有逗号;在句中时前后均有逗号。如: I,too,have been to Beijing.我也去过北京。 You work hard,and I work hard,too.你工作努力,我上作也努力。

(3).either用于否定句中,而且要放在句尾。如: If you don’t go,I won’t go,either.你不去,我也不去了。

16. write down:写下 记下write it /them down 17. go for walks=go for a walk:去散步 18. get out of:从...出来 Get out of bed 起床

11. one more:另一个+another one

.19 hate 不喜欢,憎恨hate to do sth, hate doing sth. 是固定短语都表示不喜欢或憎恨做某事

20. on the weekend =at the weekend在周末

21 Something different all year round . 一年到头穿不同的衣服.

形容词放在something , anything , nothing等不定代词的后面作定语.

I saw something interesting yesterday. 类似的有第六课中 someone very special 22. (1). be made of 由……制造的,指的是从成品上能看出原材料。

如:The desk is made of wood.

(2). be made from由……制造的,指的是从成品上很难以看出原材料。

如:Paper is made from wood. 23 all year round一年到头

24 stop doing sth (停止正在做的事) stop to do sth 停下来去做另一件事

25spend doing sth 花费(时间)做….. 26.go one’s own way 分道扬镳 26 at the end of …在…..的尽头

27come over 过来,顺便来访,抓住 28 hold out 伸出,主张,坚持 29make a deal 打成交易,和解

30 be ready to do sth 准备去做某事

.introduce v.介绍; 【考点】introduce sb. to sb.把某人介绍给某人:

May I introduce my friend Lucy to you?让我向你介绍我的朋友露茜。

31.piano n.钢琴:play the piano弹钢琴

【考点】play后面跟乐器时要加定冠词,如:play the violin, play the guitar, 后面跟球类时,不加定冠词。如:play basketball, play football. 32.married adj.结婚的:Are you married?你结婚了吗?

.他娶了一位著名的作家。

a married woman已婚女子 33 go to university 上大学

34 Brian and I were on one team, and Sandra and Danny were on the other team.布莱恩和我在一个(篮球)队,桑德拉和丹尼在另一个队。 (1).one...the other...指―(两个中的)一个……另一个……‖。如:

I have two pencils:one is red,the other is green. 我有两枝铅笔:一枝是红的,另一枝是绿的。 (2)on是介词,表示―是……中的一个成员‖、―在……供职‖。如:

I’m on our city team.我是市队里的一个成员。 I’m on the China Daily.我在《中国日报》社工作。

35.Last Saturday,my mother bought a pair of jeans for me.

2

上星期六,我妈妈给我买了一条牛仔裤。

buy sth. for sb. 给某人买某物,也可以说成buy sb. sth.

e.g. She bought me a new bike

36 have the pleasure of doing sth高兴去做某事

八年级英语第二单元知识点归纳

1. be late for:...迟到 2. be short for:...的缩写

3. have a math exan:进行一次数学考试 4.in two minutes 两分钟以后 In ten more years 十多年以后 5. make sb do sth 使某人做某事

例如make us study hard 使我们努力学习

Make sb/sth +adj(形容词)使某人、某物保持某种状态 例如make me happy 6. work on:从事于

7. some more:更多一点 some more pictures更多一些图片

8. learn about:学会 了解 9. give a talk:做演讲 作报告

10. a lot of =lots of 后可接不可数名词或可数名词复数

11.be good at sth /doing sth=do well in sth / doing sth擅长做某事

12 much better 更好 much 用来修饰比较级 13. in the future:将来

14except意为

He has another car besides this. 除了这辆车外,他还有一辆。

Mary knows Japanese besides French. 除法语外,玛丽还懂日语。

15看见某人做某事 see sb do sth(看见全过程) See sb doing sth (看见某事正发生)

16 tell sb to do sth/ tell sb not to do sth 告诉某人做/不做某事

类似的短语有:ask sb do sth /ask sb not to do sth Try to do sth / try not to do sth 17 at noon 在中午

18 a little bit 有点儿

19. turn on 打开;发动(水、电视、收音机、灯、煤气等) Will you turn onthe radio? 你打开收音机好吗?

turn out/off 关掉(水、电视、收音机、灯、煤气等)

turn out the light 关掉灯 20英语时间通常用以下两种方法表达: 1. 直接表达法

A. 用基数词 + o'clock来表示整点,注意o'clock须用单数,可以省略。如:

eight o'clock 八点钟,ten (o'clock) 十点钟 B. 用基数词按钟点 + 分钟的顺序直接写出时间。如:

six forty六点四十 2. 间接表达法

A. 如果分钟数少于30分钟,可用分钟 + past /by+ 钟点表示,其中past是介词,意思是―过‖。如: twenty past four 四点二十 eight past one 一点八分 B. 如果分钟数多于30分钟,可用(60分钟-原分钟数)+ to +(原钟点数+ 1)表示,其中to是介词,意思是―差‖。如:

8:35 可表示为twenty-five to nine 差二十五分钟九点,即八点三十五(其中的分钟数twenty-five 是由60分钟减去35分钟得 到的;钟点数nine是由8加上1得到的)。

注:A. 当分钟数是15分钟时,可用名词quarter (一刻钟)表示。如:

7:15可表示为 a quarter past seven, 12:15可表示为 a quarter past twelve

B. 当分钟数是30分钟时,可用名词half (一半)表示。如:

9:30 可表示为 half past nine,3:30可表示为 half past three。

21 (1)

(2). keep sth/ sb. + 形容词 保持。。。怎么样 (3) keep …for two days把某物保管两天 22 voice.sound与noise

(1).voice一般指人的―声音、声质、声调‖。如: Her voice is very sweet.她的声音很甜。

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(2).sound含义最广,泛指可以听到的自然界中所有的声音。如:

I can hear the sound of running water.我能听到流水声。

(3).noise指―噪音、闹声‖,即不悦耳的、令人讨厌的声音。如:

Don’t make so much noises.不要那样吵 23 No noise !禁止喧哗 No smoking 禁止吸烟 24 half an hour 半小时

25present sb sth=present sth to sb 向某人展示某物

八年级英语第三单元知识点归纳

1. look for:寻找

2. National Day:国庆节

3. thank you for.sth/ doing sth..:为...感谢你 give thanks to sb for sth 因某事感谢某人 4. 名词所有格

1. 一般情况在名词后加's。例如:

That girl's coat is in the room. 那个女孩的衣服在房间里。

2. 在以s结尾的名词(包括以s结尾的复数名词)后面,只加 '。 如果复数名词不是以s结尾的,末尾也要加's。例如:

Today is September 10th, Teachers' Day. 今天是九月十日,教师节。

Children's Day is coming, I should buy something new for my son. 儿童节马上就要到了,我应该为我的儿子买一些新东西。

3. 表示词组内的并列名词各自的所有关系时,须在各个名词后加's;如果一个东西为两个人或者两个以上的人共同拥有,只在最后一个名词后面加's。例如:

They are John's and Kate's rooms. How beautiful they are! 这是约翰和凯特的房间。它们(指房间)太漂亮了!

He is Lily and Lucy's father. 他是莉莉和露西的爸爸。

5.get ready for sth 为某事做准备 6. be away from...:离...远 7. be the same as:与...一样 8. blow out:吹灭

9. get together:聚在一起 10.try on 试穿

注意:try it/them on

11. around the world=all over the world:全世界 12. return home:回家 Return a book h还书 return to…回到某地

13. give sb a big hug:拥抱某人

14. pass sb sth/pass sth to sb:递给某人某物 15. best wishes (to):最好的祝福

16. 您需要什么?What can I do for you?=May I help you?=Is there anything I can do for you? 17. be in fashion:流行

18.can’t wait to do sth 等不及,迫不及待(去做) 19 as usual 向往常一样

20. on the top of 在……顶上

21 have no luck (doing sth) 未能如愿 22 pick up 领取,捡起

22 (sth ) fit (sb)…well 非常合身

21 sweep the floor 擦地

do some housework 做些家务

22 be filled with sth = be full of sth 充满,装满 23 have the flu 得了流感 24 学会指路、问路

八年级英语第五单元知识点

1 talk about:讨论

2. It is scary to do sth 做某事很恐怖 Scary (物) scared (人)

4. no matter what:无论什么 no matter when:无论什么时候

5. tell sb to do sth:告诉某人做某事 6. for sure:对...有把握

7. at the very top:在...最顶端

8. be nice/good /friendly to sb 对某人友好 区分:It is nice /good/ of sb to do sth

9. around the world=all over the world:全世界

10 a fear of heights 恐高 fear sth 害怕….. in height 在高度上

11 at the same time 与此同时

12 the opposite of …..(某物)的反义词,对立面, 13 give advice to….给……提建议(adivice 为不可数名词,例如 some advice)

14 feed …with…为……提供食物,喂食 15 make money 赚钱

16 take steps to do sth 采取措施

17 encourage sb to sth 鼓励……去做…… 18 be famouse for 因……而出名

Be famouse as 作为(某种职业、身份)而有名 19 情态动词(见书本105-106页) 不定式(见书本106页)

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八年级英语第四单元知识点归纳

1. on one’s way to:在去...的路上

On one’s way to do sth 在去做某事的路上 2. take the school bus:乘坐校车

3. in the/one’s neighbourhood:在社区;在附近 4. parking lot:停车场

5. opposite sth =across from:在...对面 6.on TV 在电视上

7. point to (远指) Point at (近指) 8. play hockey:打曲棍球 9. ask sb to do sth:要求某人做某事 否定:ask sb not to do sth

10. lose one’s way:=get lost 迷路 11. walk along:walk down…沿着...走 12. get to know:了解;认识 13. be careful:小心;当心 14 walk past =walk by 走过 15 cross= go across 穿过

例如 cross the street = go across the sreet 16 Not yet 还没有

17 to tell you the truth 说实话

在第二个十字路口向右拐。 19 It is +距离(例如 two miles,ten minuts’ walk ) from …距离某地有多远

20. stay on the sidewalk 停在人行道上

用动词的适当形式填空:

1、I’ll give the book to him when he (come).

2、Tell (come) here on time. 3、I’d like you my parents. 4、 ―What are they doing?‖ ―Theyready for the sports meeting.‖ (get)

5、The boy asked his him go and play basketball.(let)

6、I’m sorry to keep you a long time. (wait)

7、It (take) him half an his homework yesterday.

8、If it an interesting film, we’ll see it tomorrow. (be)

9、They will have a trip to the Great Wall if it rain) tomorrow.

10、All the people in the town are ar) that a famous musician(音乐家) )a concert this Saturday evening. 11、What’re you doing Dad? I the radio.

12、Let’s the boxes to the house. 13、Yesterday she to see the film, but she couldn’t(get) a ticket.

14、I to you when I get to Shanghai.

15、Don’t make any (噪音),

16、There a meeting next Monday. 17、They an English evening next week.

18、I’m very gladthat. 19、They (visit) the History Museum last week.

20、The scientist (give) us a talk yesterday.

21、They a new bridge over the

5

river next year.

22、The (have) a basketball match now. Let’s and (watch).

23、 ―What makes you I’m a farmer?‖ the Frenchman asked.

24、It’s not easyfish with your hands only.

25、Have you finished (read) this book? 26、It takes him half an (go) to work by bus.

27、Hurry up or we (be) late for class. 28、I don’t know howthis question.

29、Why (go) there on foot? 30、I don’t think that it (rain) tomorrow. 31、Yesterday my mother told (not play) with fire. It’s dangerous.

32、He kept me (wait) for him for a long time.

33、Did you see (wash) when you got to his home?

34、They want to go there on foot. . (do)

35、It’s time for class. 36、It makes thirsty. 37、It’s time(go) to bed. 38、Tell here on time. 39、I’d like you my parents. 40、Would you like (visit) the Summer Palace with me?

41、Go on (work). We still have time.

单项选择

( )1. ___________takes me some time to finish the work.

A. It B. You C. He D. It’s ( )2. ___________can mend the bike, please give it to__________.

A. You; me B. His; him C. She; her D. I; you

train ( )3. I don’t like this one, please show me

___________ . ( )17. Boys and girls, look left first before you A. another B. other C. the other D. ___________the street. the other A. crossing B. cross C. across D.

crosses ( )4. He is pointing ___________the right side.

A. at B. for C. by D. in ( )18. It’s my turn ___________ the blackboard ( )5. There are ___________ people in the park. today. A. too much B. much too C. too many A. cleaning B. cleaned C. cleans D. to D. many too clean ( )6. -----Does Bill like American food? ( )19. The young man, with his two friends,

___________have a trip tomorrow. -----I’ve ___________.

A. no ideas B. no idea C. not idea D. A. is going to B. are going to C. was going not know to D. shall ( )7. What would you like ___________this ( )20. They are ___________their lost dog. evening? A. look for B. finding C. looking for D. A. do B. doing C. to do D. did looking after ( )8. Thank you for ___________me __________ ( )21. These books are my Chinese. ___________.__________are at school. A. help; to B. helps; with C. helped; in A. your; Our B. yours; Ours C. yours; My D. helping; with D. your; Mine ( )9. The teacher made us ___________our ( )22. I don’t like fat meat, ___________ homework on time. A. too B. either C. also D. neither A. finishing B. finish C. finished D. ( )23. ___________is important to be nice to our finishes parents.

A. This B. It C. That D. She ( )11. Tell him _________play in class.

A. isn’t B. don’t C. not to D. ( )24. Danny and Kate are ___________ to not ____________way to meet Tom.

A. in; their B. on; their C. in; them D. ( )12. I ___________ him the postcard already, I

__________ it yesterday. on; they A. am sending; will send B. sent; sent C. have ( )25. Jim bought his mother a gift, it sent; sent D. send; send ___________him 45 yuan.

A. spent B. cost C. took D. paid ( )13. I hope you’ll come to see me

___________next week. ( )26. I want to show ___________ A. sometime B. sometimes C. some times ___________new timetable. D. some time A. you; me B. your; my C. you; my D.

yours; mine ( )14. -----I’m too tired to walk, let’s stop

___________rest. ----- Ok, let’s stop ___________. ( )27. It usually ___________me half an hour to A. have; walk B. to have; walking C. having; finish my homework every day. walk D. to had; walking A. takes B. cost C. spent D. took ( )15. ----Where is Ann? -----She ( )28. All the students finished their homework ___________ visit her grandmother. ___________me, because I was ill yesterday.

A. has been to B. has gone to C. will go to A. besides B. beside C. except D. excepts D. went to ( )29. Class meeting ___________in half an

hour. ( )16. My mother will go to Shanghai by

___________ next month. A. will start B. started C. has started D. is A. air B. a plane C. foot D. the starting

6

选择与句中划线部分意思相同或相近的词或短语。

1. A. and B. so C. except D. with A. a lot of fun B. sad C. good D. happy A. go to a restaurant B. go shopping C. go to see a film D. go to the park A. at B. in C. to D. about A. does his homework well B. is good at C. be good at D. is good in B) 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

6. Kate Green is a nineteen-year-old girl. She is not A. Mrs. Green B. Miss Green C. Mrs. Kate D. Miss Kate 7. Are you ready ______the exam?

A. to B. with C. for D. at 8. She’s read the story, _____she?

A. hasn’t B. isn’t C. doesn’t D. wasn’t 9. Has he ______you to his birthday party?

A. ask B invited C. wants D. have A. favorites B. favorite C. favorite subject D. subject 11. Class is over. Let’s stop ________.

A. to have a rest B. having a rest C. had a rest D. have a rest

is another way of saying three forty-five. A. A quarter past three B. A quarter after three C. A quarter to three D. A quarter to four 13. —Have you ever been to the zoo?

— .

A. No, I don’t B. No yet C. Not yet D. Not never 14. His coat is just ______yours.

A. look B. looks like C. like D. look like 15. I hope I’ll go to Beijing _____.

A. sometime B. sometimes C. some time D. some times

to show you.

A. different something B. something different C. anything different D. different anything

7

17. Excus e me. I have _____questions to ask.

A. two more B. more two C. another D. the others

18. What’s your coat _____?

A. made by B. made in C. made of D. made 19. There is no difference between the two words. I really don’t know.

A. what to choose B. which to choose C. to choose which D. to choose what 20. Can you show me _____ an e-mail?

A. send B. how to send

C. what to send D. to send 21. I’m _____ Helen. Have you seen her?

A. looking up B. looking after C. looking at D. looking for 22. The scientist knows two languages. He can speak ____ English _____ French.

A. either; or B. neither; or C. both; and D. so; that

23. The delicious food makes the boy ____ hungry.

A. feeling B. feels C. feel D. felt

范文三:冀教版八年级上册英语语法点滴1

冀教版八年级上册英语语法点滴 1

2009-12-28 11:18

1) leave的用法

1.“leave+地点”表示“离开某地”。例如:

When did you leave Shanghai?

你什么时候离开上海的?

2.“leave for+地点”表示“动身去某地”。例如:

Next Friday, Alice is leaving for London.

下周五,爱丽斯要去伦敦了。

3.“leave+地点+for+地点”表示“离开某地去某地”。例如:

Why are you leaving Shanghai for Beijing?

你为什么要离开上海去北京?

2) 情态动词should“应该”学会使用

should作为情态动词用,常常表示意外、惊奇、不能理解等,有“竟会”的意思,例如: How should I know? 我怎么知道? Why should you be so late today? 你今天为什么来得这么晚? should有时表示应当做或发生的事,例如: We should help each other.我们应当互相帮助。 我们在使用时要注意以下几点: 1. 用于表示“应该”或“不应该”的概念。此时常指长辈教导或责备晚辈。例如: You should be here with clean hands. 你应该把手洗干净了再来。 2. 用于提出意见劝导别人。例如: You should go to the doctor if you feel ill. 如果你感觉不舒服,你最好去看医生。 3. 用于表示可能性。should的这一用法是考试中常常出现的考点之一。例如: We should arrive by supper time. 我们在晚饭前就能到了。 She should be here any moment. 她随时都可能来。 3) What...? 与 Which...? 1. what 与 which 都是疑问代词,都可以指人或事物,但是what仅用来询问职业。如: What is your father? 你父亲是干什么的? 该句相当于: What does your father do? What is your father's job?

---Which is Peter? 哪个是皮特?

---The boy behind Mary. 玛丽背后的那个男孩。

2. What...?是泛指,所指的事物没有范围的限制;而 Which...?是特指,所指的事物有范围的限制。如: What color do you like best? (所有颜色)

你最喜爱什么颜色?

Which color do you like best, blue, green or yellow? (有特定的范围)

你最喜爱哪一种颜色?

3. what 与 which 后都可以接单、复数名词和不可数名词。如:

Which pictures are from China?

哪些图片来自中国?

4) 频度副词的位置

1.常见的频度副词有以下这些:

always(总是,一直)

usually(通常)

often(常常,经常) sometimes(有时候) never(从不) 2.频度副词的位置: a.放在连系动词、助动词或情态动词后面。如: David is often arrives late for school. 大卫上学经常迟到。 b.放在行为动词前。如: We usually go to school at 7:10 every day. 我们每天经常在7:10去上学。 c.有些频度副词可放在句首或句尾,用来表示强调。如: Sometimes I walk home, sometime I rides a bike. 有时我步行回家,有时我骑自行车。 3.never放在句首时,主语、谓语动词要倒装。如: Never have I been there. 我从没到过那儿。

5) every day 与 everyday

1. every day 作状语,译为“每一天”。如:

We go to school at 7:10 every day.

我们每天7:10去上学。

I decide to read English every day.

我决定每天读英语。

2. everyday 作定语,译为“日常的”。

She watches everyday English on TV after dinner.

她晚饭后在电视上看日常英语。

What's your everyday activity?

你的日常活动是什么?

6) 什么是助动词

1.帮助主要动词构成谓语动词词组的词叫助动词(Auxiliary Verb)。被协助的动词称作主要动词(Main Verb)。

助动词自身没有词义,不可单独使用,例如:

He doesn't like English. 他不喜欢英语。

(doesn't是助动词,无词义;like是主要动词,有词义)

2.助动词协助主要动词完成以下功用,可以用来:

a. 表示时态,例如:

He is singing. 他在唱歌。

He has got married. 他已结婚。

b. 表示语态,例如:

He was sent to England. 他被派往英国。

c. 构成疑问句,例如:

Do you like college life? 你喜欢大学生活吗?

Did you study English before you came here?你来这儿之前学过英语吗?

d. 与否定副词not合用,构成否定句,例如:

I don't like him. 我不喜欢他。

e. 加强语气,例如:

Do come to the party tomorrow evening. 明天晚上一定来参加晚会。

He did know that. 他的确知道那件事。

3.最常用的助动词有:be, have, do, shall, will, should, would

7) forget doing/to do与remember doing/to do

1.forget to do 忘记要去做某事。 (未做) forget doing 忘记做过某事。 (已做) The light in the office is still on. He forgot to turn it off. 办公室的灯还在亮着,它忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作) He forgot turning the light off. 他忘记他已经关了灯了。 ( 已做过关灯的动作) Don't forget to come tomorrow. 别忘了明天来。 (to come动作未做) 典型例题 ---- The light in the office is still on. ---- Oh,I forgot___. A. turning it off B. turn it off

C. to turn it off D. having turned it off

答案:C。由the light is still on 可知灯亮着,即关灯的动作没有发生,因此用forget to do sth.而forget doing sth 表示灯已经关上了,而自己忘记了这一事实。此处不符合题意。

2.remember to do 记得去做某事 (未做)

remember doing 记得做过某事 (已做)

Remember to go to the post office after school.

记着放学后去趟邮局。

Don't you remember seeing the man before?

你不记得以前见过那个人吗?

8) It's for sb.和 It's of sb.

1.for sb. 常用于表示事物的特征特点,表示客观形式的形容词,如easy, hard, difficult, interesting, impossible等:

It's very hard for him to study two languages. 对他来说学两门外语是很难的。

2.of sb 的句型一般用表示人物的性格,品德,表示主观感情或态度的形容词,如good, kind, nice, clever, foolish, right。

It's very nice of you to help me. 你来帮助我,你真是太好了。

3.for 与of 的辨别方法:

用介词后面的代词作主语,用介词前边的形容词作表语,造个句子。如果道理上通顺用of,不通则用for。如: You are nice. (通顺,所以应用of)。

He is hard. (人是困难的,不通,因此应用for。)

9) 对两个句子的提问

冀教英语在命题中有将对句子划线提问这一题型取消的趋势,现在采取的作法是对一个句子进行自由提问。例如:

句子:The boy in blue has three pens.

提问:1.Who has three pens?

2.Which boy has three pens?

3.What does the boy in blue have?

4.How many pens does the boy in blue have?

很显然,学生多了更多的回答角度,也体现了考试的灵活性。再如:

句子:He usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday.

提问:1.Who usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?

2.Where does he usually go with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?

3.What does he usually do with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday? 4.With whom does he usually go to the park at 8:00 on Sunday? 5.What time does he usually go to the park with his friends on Sunday? 6.When does he usually go to the park with his friends? 10) so、such与不定冠词的使用 1.so与不定冠词a、an连用,结构为“so+形容词+a/an+名词”。如: He is so funny a boy. Jim has so big a house. 2.such与不定冠词a、an连用,结构为“such+a/an+形容词+名词”。如: It is such a nice day. That was such an interesting story.

11) 使用-ing分词的几种情况

1.在进行时态中。如:

He is watching TV in the room. They were dancing at nine o'clock last night. 2.在there be结构中。如: There is a boy swimming in the river. 3.在have fun/problems结构中。如: We have fun learning English this term. They had problems getting to the top of the mountain. 4.在介词后面。如: Thanks for helping me. Are you good at playing basketball. 5.在以下结构中: enjoy doing sth 乐于做某事 finish doing sth 完成做某事 feel like doing sth 想要做某事 stop doing sth 停止做某事 forget doing sth 忘记做过某事 go on doing sth 继续做某事 remember doing sth 记得做过某事 like doing sth 喜欢做某事 keep sb doing sth 使某人一直做某事 find sb doing sth 发现某人做某事 see/hear/watch sb doing sth 看到/听到/观看某人做某事 try doing sth 试图做某事 need doing sth 需要做某事 prefer doing sth 宁愿做某事 mind doing sth 介意做某事 practice doing sth 练习做某事 be busy doing sth 忙于做某事 can't help doing sth 禁不住做某事 miss doing sth 错过做某事

12) 英语中的“单数”

1.主语的第三人称单数形式,即可用“he, she, it”代替的。如:

he, she, it

my friend, his teacher, our classroom, Tom, Mary's uncle

2.名词有单数名词和复数名词。如: man(单数)---men(复数) banana(单数)---bananas(复数) 3.动词有原形,第三人称单数形式,-ing分词,过去式,过去分词。如: go---goes---going---went---gone work---works---working---worked---worked watch---watches---watching---watched---watched 当主语为第三人称单数的时候,谓语动词必须用相应的第三人称单数形式。如: The boy wants to be a sales assistant. Our English teacher is from the US. Their daughter makes her breakfast all by herself. 名词复数的构成可分为规则变化和不规则变化两种。 I 名词复数的规则变化 1.一般在名词词尾加-s。如: pear---pears hamburger---hamburgers desk---desks tree---trees 2.以字母-s, -sh, -ch, -x结尾的名词,词尾加-es。如: class---classes dish---dishes watch---watches box---boxes 3.以字母-o结尾的某些名词,词尾加-es。如: potato---potatoes tomato---tomatoes Negro---Negroes hero---heroes 4.以辅音字母加-y结尾的名词,将-y变为-i,再加-es。如: family---families dictionary---dictionaries city---cities country---countries 5.以字母-f或-fe结尾的名词,将-f或-fe变为-v,再加-es。如: half---halves leaf---leaves thief---thieves knife---knives self---selves wife---wives life---lives wolf---wolves shelf---shelves loaf---loaves 但是: scarf---scarves(fes) roof---roofs serf---serfs gulf---gulfs chief---chiefs proof---proofs belief---beliefs II 名词复数的不规则变化 1.将-oo改为--ee。如: foot---feet tooth---teeth 2.将-man改为-men。如: man---men woman---women policeman---policemen postman---postmen 3.添加词尾。如: child---children 4.单复数同形。如: sheep---sheep deer---deer fish---fish people---people 13) 名词的复数构成的几种形式

5.表示“某国人”的单、复数变化。即“中日瑞不变英法变,其它国把-s加后面”。如:

Chinese---Chinese Japanese---Japanese

Swiss---Swiss

Englishman---Englishmen Frenchman---Frenchmen

American---Americans Australian---Australians

Canadian---Canadians Korean---Koreans

Russian---Russians Indian---Indians

6.其它。如:

mouse---mice

apple tree---apple trees

man teacher---men teachers

14) 双写最后一个字母的-ing分词

初中阶段常见的有以下这些:

1.let→letting 让

hit→hitting 打、撞

cut→cutting 切、割

get→getting 取、得到

sit→sitting 坐

forget→forgetting 忘记

put→putting 放

set→setting 设置

babysit→babysitting 临时受雇照顾婴儿

2.shop→shopping 购物

trip→tripping 绊

stop→stopping 停止

drop→dropping 放弃

3.travel→travel(l)ing 旅游

swim→swimming 游泳

run→running 跑步

dig→digging 挖、掘

begin→beginning 开始

prefer→preferring 宁愿

plan→planning 计划

15) 肯定句变否定句及疑问句要变化的一些词

1.some变为any。如:

There are some birds in the tree.

→There aren't any birds in the tree.

但是,若在表示请邀请、请求的句子中,some可以不变。如:

Would you like some orange juice?

与此相关的一些不定代词如something, somebody等也要进行相应变化。

2.and变为or。如:

I have a knife and a ruler.

→I don't have a knife or a ruler.

3.a lot of (=lots of)变为many或much。如:

They have a lot of friends.(可数名词)

→They don't have many friends.

There is lots of orange in the bottle.(不可数名词)

→There isn't much orange in the bottle.

4.already变为yet。如:

I have been there already.

→I haven't been there yet.

16) in与after

in 与 after 都可以表示时间,但二者有所区别。

1.in 经常用于将来时的句子中,以现在为起点,表示将来一段时间。如:

He will leave for Beijing in a week.

一周后他会动身去北京。

2.after 经常用于过去时的句子中,以过去为起点,表示过去一段时间。如:

He left for Beijing after a week.

一周后他动身去了北京。

不过,如果after后跟的是具体的时刻,它也可用于将来时。如:

We will finish the work after ten o'clock.

十点后我们会完成工作的。

3.注意区分以下的in的用法。

I'll visit him in a week.

一周后我会去拜访他。

I'll visit him twice in a week.

一周内我会去拜访他两次。

17) 不定冠词a与an的使用

1.a 用在以辅音音素开头的单词前。如:

There is a

单词book中有个字母b。

类似的字母还有:b,c, d, g, j, k, p, q, t, u, v, w, y, z。

She has a small knife.

她有一把小刀。

2.an 用于以元音音素开头的单词前。如:

There is an

单词onion中有个字母i。

类似的字母还有:a, e, f, h,i, l, m, n, o, r, s, x。

Do you have an umbrella?

你有一把雨伞吗?

3.以元音字母开头的单词前面不一定都用an;以辅音字母开头的单词前面也不一定都用a。如:

a useful book

a university

a one-letter word

an hour

an uncle

an umbrella

an honest person

18) 如何表达英语中的“穿、戴”?

英语中表示“穿、戴”的表达方法有好几种,常见的有以下这些:

1、put on 主要表达“穿”的动作。如:

He put on his coat.他穿上了他的外套。

You'd better put on your shoes.你最好穿上你的鞋子。

2、wear 主要表示“穿、戴”的状态。如:

The old man wears a pair of glasses.老人戴着一副眼镜。

The girl is wearing a red skirt.那女孩穿着一条红色的短裙。

3、dress 可作及物动词,有“给......穿衣”的意思,后接“人”,而不是“衣服”。如:

Please dress the children right now.请立即给孩子们穿上衣服。

dress 也可作不及物动词,表示衣着的习惯。如:

The woman always dresses in green.那位妇女总是穿绿色的衣服。

4、be in 表示穿着的状态。如:

John is in white today.约翰今天穿白色的衣服。

The man in black is a football coach.

19) a little, a few 与 a bit (of)

a little, a few 与 a bit (of) 都有“一些、少量”的意义。他们的区别在哪里呢?

1. a little 意为“一些、少量”,后接不可数名词。如:

There is a little water in the bottle. 瓶子里有一点水。

还可以接形容词。如:

He is a little shy. 他有些害羞。

2. a few 意为“一些、少数”,后接复数的可数名词。如:

There are a few people in the room. 房间里有一些人。

3. a bit 意为“一点儿”,后接形容词。如:

It's a bit cold. 有点冷。

a bit of 后接不可数名词。如:

He has a bit of money. 他有一点儿钱。

4. a little 表肯定意义,little 表否定意义;a few 表肯定意义,few 表否定意义。如:

There is a little soda in the glass. 杯子里有一点儿汽水。

There is little soda in the glass. 杯子里几乎没有汽水了。

I have a few Chinese friends. 我有一些中国朋友。

Few people like him. 几乎没有人喜欢他。

5. a little = a bit of, 后接不可数名词;

20) 关于like的用法

like 可以作动词,也可以作介词。

1、like 作动词,表示一般性的“爱好、喜欢”,有泛指的含义。如:

Do you like the color?你喜爱这种颜色吗?

like 后可接不定式(like to do sth),也可接动词的-ing分词(like doing sth),有时意思不尽相同。如:

She likes eating apples.她喜爱吃苹果。(习惯)

She likes to eat an apple.她喜爱吃一粒苹果。(平常不喜欢吃)

like 与 would 连用,后接不定式,表示愿望或客气的请求。如:

Would you like a cup of tea?您愿意喝杯茶吗?

“喜欢某人做某事”可以用结构“like sb to do sth/doing sth”。如:

They all like me to sing/singing English songs.他们都喜欢我唱英文歌。

2、like 作介词,可译成“像......”。如:

She is friendly to us like a mother.她对我们友好,就像母亲一样。

It looks like an orange.它看起来像个桔子。

3、区分以下句子:

A. What does he look like?

B. What is he like?

A句译为“他长相如何?”指一个人的外貌特征;而B句译为“他人怎么样?”指人的性格特点。

C. The boy like Peter is over there.

D. A boy like Peter can't do it.

C句指外貌相似,而D句指性格相似。

21) stop to do sth 与 stop doing sth

1. stop to do sth 意为“停下来去做某事”。如:

The students stop to listen to their teacher.

学生们停下来去听他们老师讲话。

2. stop doing sth 意为“停止做某事”。如:

The students stopped talking. 学生们停止了谈话。

与它们相反的句式是:go on to do sth “继续做某事(与刚才一事不同)”和 go on doing sth “继续做某事(与刚才同一件事)”。如:

He finishes his homework and goes on to study English.

他完成了作业,接着继续去念英语。

They went on playing games. 他们继续玩游戏。

22) tell, speak, say 与 talk

1. tell 意为“告诉、讲述”,指某人把某一件事、一条信息传送给别人或讲述一件事。如:

He tells me that he wants to be a teacher.

他告诉我说他想成为一位教师。

Father always tells interesting stories to us.

爸爸总是给我们讲有趣的故事。

tell sb sth 意为“告知某人某事”。如:

He told me something about his past.

他告诉我一些他的往事。

tell sb to do sth 意为“告诉某人去做某事”。如:

David told his son to do the homework.

大卫要他的儿子去做作业。

2. speak 意为“说话、讲话”,后面主要接语言。如:

He can speak English and a little Chinese.

他能讲英语和一点汉语。

speak to 意为“和.....讲话、谈话”。如:

Can I speak to Mr Zhang?

我能和张先生讲话吗?

speak of 意为“提到、说起”。如:

The book speaks of my hometown.

那本书提到我的家乡。

3. talk 意为“谈话、讲话”,如果只有一方对另一方说话时,一般用 talk to;如果双方或多方交谈,多用 with。如:

Please talk to him right now. 请立即同他谈话。

He is talking with his friend. 他在和朋友交谈。

talk about 意为“谈论......”。如:

They are talking about the movie. 他们在谈论那部电影。

have a talk with 意为“与......交谈”。如:

Can I have a talk with you? 我可以和你交谈吗?

4. say 意为“说”。如:

Can you say it in English once more? 你能用英语再说一遍吗?

say to 意为“对......说”。如:

He said to his students that they would have a test.

他对他的学生说他们将有一个测试。

It is said that... 意为“据说”。如:

It is said that he could stay under the water for a long time.

据说他能呆在水里很长时间。

23) Excuse me! 与 I'm sorry!

1. Excuse me! 意为“打搅了!对不起!”,一般是为了与陌生人搭话,或者要打断对方所说(做)的事。如:

Excuse me, is there a hotel in the neighborhood?

请问,附近有旅馆吗?

Excuse me, could I say something?

打搅一下,我能说一些吗?

2. I'm sorry! 意为“对不起!”,表示道歉。如:

I'm sorry, Mr Zhang. I won't do it again.

对不起,张先生。我不会这么做了。

24) 表示时间的 in、on 与 at

in, on 与 at 都可以和表示时间的词(组)连用。

1. in 表示时间的一段或较长的时间。如:

in the morning 在上午

in May, 2004 在2004年五月

in a week 在一周之内(后)

It's Sunday, I can finish it in two days.

现在是星期天,我能在两天后完成。(星期二)

Rome was not built in a day.

罗马不是在一天内建起来的。

2. on 主要指在具体的一天。如:

on Sunday 在星期天

on May Day 在“五一”节

on a hot afternoon 在一个炎热的下午

He arrived in Beijing on April 26,2004.

他于2004年4月26日到达北京。

3. at 表示时间的一点或比较短的时间。如:

at 8:00 在八点

at noon 在中午

I always get up at 6:00 every morning.

我总是每天早晨六点起床。

It's always warm at this time of year.

每年的这个时候总是暖和的。

a little = a bit = a little bit = kind of, 后接形容词,意为“有点儿”。 25) other及其用法

Other 及其相近的词(组),如 others, the other, the others, another, any other 等,一直是中学生朋友们比较困扰的问题,平常的考试、作业中经常出错。下面是它们的一些用法:

1、other 指其余的人或物,所有格是 other's,复数形式是 others,the other 指“两个人或物中的另一个”,其复数形式是 the others,others 相当于“other + 名词”,所以不能充当定语,修饰名词。others指整体中去掉一部分后剩余的部分,但不是全部的,即 some...others (一些...其余的人...)。the others 强调整体中除去一部分后剩余的全部,即some...the others.

2、another 泛指三个以上的不定数目中的“另外一个”。由 an 和 other 合并构成,所以不能和冠词连用。another 修饰单数名词,比如:another pencil.

3、any other 指除去本身以外的“任何其他的人或物”,后面要用名词的单数形式。

26) look 短语

常见的look短语有以下这些: 1.look at 朝......看 Please look at the map of China. 请看中国地图。(look at=have a look at) 2.look for 寻找 The old man is looking for his dog. 老人在寻找他的狗。 3.look like 看起来像 Nancy looks like her mother. 南希看起来像她母亲。 4.look the same 看上去一样 Li Ping and Li Jing look the same. 李萍和李晶看上去一样。 5.look up 查找 Please look up the word in the dictionary. 请在词典中查找这个单词。 6.look over 仔细检查 The doctor looked over Mary carefully. 医生仔细检查了玛丽。 7.look after 照顾,照看 You must look after your old father. 你必须照顾你的老父亲。 8.look around 到处寻找、查看 We looked around, but we found nothing strange. 我们四处查看,但是我们没有发现奇怪的东西。 1.too用于肯定句和疑问句,一般放在句尾,其前常加逗号。如: We are in the same school, too. 我们也在相同的学校。 Do you play soccer every day, too? 你也每天踢足球吗? 2.also用于肯定句和疑问句,一般位于实义动词前、be动词后。如: Sandra is also a Korean student. Sandra 也是一个韩国学生。 3.either用于否定句,一般放在句末。如: They don't know the answer, either. 她们也不知道答案。 4.as well as也有“也”的意思。如: We have great mushroom pizza as well as soda. He is a happy boy as well. 1.hard既可作形容词,也可作副词。如: It's a hard(adj.) question. (=difficult) 这是一个难的问题。 The boy studies very hard(adv.). 27) too,also与either 28) hard与hardly

那男孩学习非常努力。 句子结构:It's hard for sb to do sth 做某事对某人来说是难的。如: It's hard for him to finish the work. 完成那项工作对他来说很难。 注意区分:hard work 困难的工作 work hard 努力工作 2.hardly是频度副词,表示否定的意思。(=almost not)通常用在形容词、副词和动词之前。如: I can hardly see it. 我几乎看不到它。 1.sometime是时间副词,指不确定的将来或过去某一点时间(某时候或任何时候),不指一段时间。如: We'll go to Beijing sometime next month. 我们下个月某一时候会去北京。 2.sometimes是频度副词,指“有时”、“不时”的意思(=at times)。如: Sometimes I get up very late on Sunday morning. 有时候我在星期天早晨起得很晚。 3.some time是名词词组,指一段时间(一些时间或若干时间)。如: It took him some time to finish the book. 她花了一些时间去完成作业。 4.some times指“几次”。如: He met the woman some times last month. 上个月他见过那妇女几次。 1.作不及物动词,译为“运动,锻炼”。如: David exercises every morning. 大卫每天早晨进行锻炼。 2.作及物动词,译为“训练”。如: Swimming exercises the whole body. 游泳能使身体得到全面的锻炼。 3.作名词,译为“体育锻炼、运动、体操、练习题”等。如: It's good to do eye exercises every day. 每天做眼保键操对眼睛有好处。 Please do more exercise from now on. 从今以后请多做运动吧。 I have lots of homework to do tonight. 今晚我有很多的作业要做。 29) sometime,sometimes,some time与some times 30) exercise的一些用法

4.注意:exercise指具体运动或体操时是可数名词,复数形式为exercises;泛指运动时是不可数31) maybe与may be

1.maybe是副词,译为“也许、可能”,相当于“perhaps”。如: Maybe he can answer the question. 也许他能回答那个问题。 He maybe is from the USA, too. 他可能也来自美国。 2.may be中的may为情态动词,译为“可能是......”。如: He may be from the USA, too. 他可能也来自美国。 She may be our English teacher. 她可能是我们的英语老师。

32) same与different

1.same指“相同的”,前面通常要有一个定冠词the,但是如果same前面已经有this,those等词,就不能再与the连用了。如:

We are in the same class.

我们在同一个班级。

结构:the same as 与......一样 如:

His mark is the same as mine.

他的分数和我的分数一样。

2.different译为“不同的”,其后的可数名词应为复数形式。如:

We are in different classes.

我们在不同的班级。

结构:be different from 与......不同 如:

This sweater is different from that one.

这件毛衣与那一件不同。

different的名词形式为difference, 复数形式为differences。

33) 动词want的用法

1.want sth. 想要某物 They want some help. 他们需要一些帮助。 2.want sb. to do sth. 想要某人去做某事 My father wants me to help him on the farm. 我父亲要我在农场上帮他。 3.want to do sth. 想要做某事 I want to study English in England. 我想要在英国学习英语。 4.want doing 需要... Your sweater wants washing. 你的运动衣该洗了。

34) be good(bad) for、be good at的相关用法

1.be good for 对......有益

Doing morning exercises is good for your health. 做早操对你们的建康有益。 2.be good at 擅长于...... Li Ping is good at basketball. 李平擅长于篮球。 = Li Ping is good at playing basketball. 李平擅长于打篮球。 be good at = do well in 如: I'm good at math. = I do well in math. 我擅长于数学。 3.be good to 对......好 Parents are always good to their children. 父母亲总是对他们的孩子好。

35) how many与how much

1.how many表示“多少”,对数量提问,后面接可数名词的复数形式。如:

There are four people in my family.

---How many people are in your family?

你家里有几个人?

We have seven classes every day.

---How many classes do you have every day?

你们每天上几节课?

2.how much也是表示“多少”,但它对不可数名词进行提问。如:

There is some milk in the bottle.

---How much milk is there in the bottle?

瓶子里有多少牛奶?

3.how much还可以对价格提问,表示“多少钱”的意思。如:

The yellow T-shirt is only 35 yuan.

---How much is the yellow T-shirt?

那件黄色的T恤衫多少36) with的几个用法

1.with表“和、同、与”。如:

Can you go to the park with me?

你能和我一起去公园吗?

2.with表“用、以、被”。如:

Don't write with the red pen.

不要用那支红色的钢笔写字。

3.with表“随着”。如:

Climate varies with the time of the year.

气候随着时令的不同而不同。

4.with表“带有、有......的”。如:

The girl with long hair is my classmate.

长头发的女孩是我的同学。

5.with表“因为、由于”。如:

They were angry with hard work.

他们因为艰难的工作而生气。

6.一些with结构:

play with 与......一起玩

be angry with 对......生气

talk with 与......交谈

get on well with 与......相处融洽

37) a lot of(lots of)与many,much

1.a lot of意为“许多、大量”。相当于lots of。它既可以修饰可数名词,又可以修饰不可数名词。如: I have a lot of friends in China.

我在中国有很多朋友。

The old man has lots of money.

那位老人有很多的钱。

2.many意为“许多”。它用来修饰可数名词。如:

Do you have many beautiful skirts?

你有很多漂亮的裙子吗?

3.much意为“大量”。它用来修饰不可数名词。如:

There is much water in the lake.

湖里有大量的水。

4.a lot of(=lots of)用在肯定句中,而many,much不受限制。如果将一个含有a lot of(=lots of)的肯定句改为否定句或疑问句,要将它们改为many或much。如:

We can see a lot of birds in the tree.

---We can't see many birds in the tree.

我们在树上看不到很多鸟儿。

He wants lots of soda.

---Does he want much soda?

他需要许多汽水吗?

38) help用法举例

help既可以作名词,也可以作动词。

1.help作名词,意为“帮助”。如:

He needs some help.

他需要一些帮助。

2.help作动词,也是“帮助”的意思。如:

Can you help me?

你能帮帮我吗?

3.help的结构:

help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

=help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事

如:

They want to help the boy carry the heavy box.

=They want to help the boy with the heavy box.

他们想要帮助那位男孩搬那个重箱子。

39) well的用法

well可以作副词,也可以作形容词。

1.well作副词,意为“(某事干得)好”。如:

The boy draws very well.

男孩画得很好。

2.well作形容词,意为“健康、安好”。如:

I'm not feeling well.

我觉得不舒服。

40) ago与before

ago与before都表示“......以前”,但用法有所区别。

1.ago意为“以前”,表示从此刻算起的若干时间之前,常用于过去时的句子中。如:

He took a photo a week ago.

他一周前照了一张相片。

2.before作为副词时表示:

a.从过去某一时刻算起的若干时间以前,用于过去完成时的句子中。如:

The boy had already seen the comedy before.

那男孩以前已经看过那部喜剧片了。

b.笼统的“以前”,用于一般过去时或现在完成时的句子中,一般单独使用,而ago不可以单独使用。如: He's read this novel before.

他以前读过这部小说。

41) need的用法

1.need作实义动词,意为“需要”。如: Do you need to stay at home? 你要呆在家里吗? 2.need作情态动词,一般用于对must的否定回答。如: ---Must he leave now? 他必须离开吗? ---No, he needn't. 不,他不必。

3.区分: a.need作实义动词。 He needs to go. He doesn't need to go. Does he need to go? Yes, he does./No, he doesn't. b.need作情态动词,一般不用于肯定句。 He needn't go. Need he go? Yes, he need./No, he needn't. 1.decide to do sth 决定去做某事 They decide to fly kite on weekend. 他们决定在周末去放风筝。 2.decide on doing sth 决定做某事 They decide on flying kites. 他们决定放风筝。 3.decide on sth 就某事决定...... Betty decided on the red skirt. 贝蒂选定了那条红裙子。 4.decide的名词形式为decision,结构:make a decision,意为“做决定”。如: He has made a decision. 他已经做一个决定了。 1.too many意为“太多”,用于修饰可数名词的复数。如: There are too many students in our class. 我们班上有太多的学生。 2.too much意为“太多”,用于修饰不可数名词。如: We have too much work to do. 我们有太多的工作要做。 3.much too表示“太”,用来修饰形容词或副词。如: The box is much too heavy, so I can't carry it. 箱子太重了,所以我搬不动它。 1.表示能力。如: We can carry the heavy box. 我们可以搬得动箱子。 Who can sing an English song? 谁会唱英文歌? 2.表示惊讶、不相信等态度,主要用于否定句和疑问句中。如: Can it be true? 这会是真的吗? You can't be serious? 你不会当真吧? 3.表示允许,意思与may相近,主要用于口语中。如: Can I smoke here? 我可以在这儿吸烟吗? 42) decide的几种句式 43) too many,too much与much too 44) can的用法

Can I go with him?

我可以跟他一起去吗

钱不定冠词 a、an 的用法

2009-12-30 11:58

1.There is lots of orange in the bottle.(不可数名词)

→There isn't much orange in the bottle.

2.already变为yet。如:

I have been there already.→I haven't been there yet.

3. in与after

in 与 after 都可以表示时间,但二者有所区别。

1.in 经常用于将来时的句子中,以现在为起点,表示将来一段时间。如:

He will leave for Beijing in a week. 一周后他会动身去北京。

2.after 经常用于过去时的句子中,以过去为起点,表示过去一段时间。如:

He left for Beijing after a week. 一周后他动身去了北京。

不过,如果after后跟的是具体的时刻,它也可用于将来时。如:

We will finish the work after ten o'clock.十点后我们会完成工作的。

3.注意区分以下的in的用法。

I'll visit him in a week. 一周后我会去拜访他。

I'll visit him twice in a week. 一周内我会去拜访他两次。

4. 不定冠词a与an的使用

1.a 用在以辅音音素开头的单词前。如:

There is a

类似的字母还有:c, d, g, j, k, p, q, t, u, v, w, y, z。

She has a small knife. 她有一把小刀。

2.an 用于以元音音素开头的单词前。如:

There is an

类似的字母还有:a, e, i,f, h, l, m, n, o, r, s, x。

Do you have an umbrella? 你有一把雨伞吗?

3.以元音字母开头的单词前面不一定都用an;以辅音字母开头的单词前面也不一定都用a.如: a useful book

a universe

a one-letter word

an hour

an uncle

an umbrella

an honest person

5. 如何表达英语中的“穿、戴”?

英语中表示“穿、戴”的表达方法有好几种,常见的有以下这些:

1、put on 主要表达“穿”的动作。如:

He put on his coat.他穿上了他的外套。

You'd better put on your shoes.你最好穿上你的鞋子。

2、wear 主要表示“穿、戴”的状态。如:

The old man wears a pair of glasses.老人戴着一副眼镜。

The girl is wearing a red skirt.那女孩穿着一条红色的短裙。

3、dress 可作及物动词,有“给......穿衣”的意思,后接“人”,而不是

“衣服”。如:

Please dress the children right now.请立即给孩子们穿上衣服。

dress 也可作不及物动词,表示衣着的习惯。如:

The woman always dresses in green.那位妇女总是穿绿色的衣服。

4、be in 表示穿着的状态。如:

John is in white today.约翰今天穿白色的衣服。

The man in black is a football coach.

6.a little, a few 与 a bit (of)

a little, a few 与 a bit (of) 都有“一些、少量”的意义。他们的区别:

1. a little 意为“一些、少量”,后接不可数名词。如:

There is a little water in the bottle. 瓶子里有一点水。 还可以接形容词。如:

He is a little shy. 他有些害羞。

2. a few 意为“一些、少数”,后接复数的可数名词。如:

There are a few people in the room. 房间里有一些人。

3. a bit 意为“一点儿”,后接形容词。如:

It's a bit cold. 有点冷。

a bit of 后接不可数名词。如:

He has a bit of money. 他有一点儿钱。

4. a little和a few表肯定意义,little和few表否定意义;如: There is a little soda in the glass. 杯子里有一点儿汽水。 ?

范文四:20142015学年冀教版八年级英语上册《Unit

冀教版八年级上册Unit 4

1. I need a big park so I can play basketball!

我需要一个大公园,因此我能打篮球!(L19)

注意:because 和so不能同时出现,这一点与汉语不同。though 和but 也是如此。例如:Soccer makes me thirsty,so I need a place to ______________.

踢足球使我口渴,所以我需要找一个买饮料的地方。

2. I also added a Canadian restaurant to complete my map.

为了完成地图,我加上了一个加拿大餐馆。(L19)

这句也可以写成 I also added a Canadian restaurant to finish my map. complete和finish 两者都可表示“完成”,有时可作为同义词通用。例如:

The writer _______________________ his novel. 这个作家已写完了他的小说。 3. No stopping!不要停!(L20)

在英语中,许多表示“禁止”的标示语是采用“No+动名词”结构。例如: No parking!禁止停车!_________________ 禁止吸烟!

4. Jenny and Brian are on their way to school.

詹妮和布莱恩在上学的路上。(L20)

on one’s / the way to (do)… 的意思是“在去(做)……的路上”。例如: On the way to (go to) the _________________,I met Mike.

在去邮局的路上,我碰见了迈克。

5. He is pointing to the right. 他正指着右边。(L20)

point to与point at 都有“指……”的含义,一般情况下可互换,但二者侧重点不同。point to 侧重指的方向,意为“指向”;point at 侧重指的对象,意为“指着”。如果表述的内容强调对象就用point at;如果强调方向,则用point to。但事物名词作主语时,用

point to 要常见些。例如:

It is _______________ to point at a person. 指着人是失礼的。

The building points to the east. 这所大楼朝东。

point out 表示给某人指示方向、要点或错误等,意为“指出”,out 是副词。例如: The teacher pointed out many _________________ in my homework.

老师指出我作业里的许多错误。

6. Soon they walk past a big store window.

很快,他们走过一扇大的商店的橱窗。(L20)

past 是介词,意为“过……”。例如:

We went past a school. 我们经过了一所学校。

past 还可以作形容词,意思是“过去的;刚过去的”。例如:

He has been ill for the past few days. _________________ 他一直病着。

pass 是动词,表示“经过”。注意它和past 的区别:past 为介词,不能作谓语;pass 相当于go past / walk past。类似的用法还有:cross 动词,表示“穿过;越过”,相当于go across / walk across。例如:

Look right and left before you _________________ the street.

过马路时要向左右看看。

7. They are going to see a movie downtown. 他们打算去市中心看场电影。(L21)

downtown 可以作名词或副词,意思是“市中心”。例如:

I work downtown,but I live in the suburbs. 我在市中心工作,但住在市郊。 My apartment is situated one ____________ north of downtown.

我的公寓位于市中心以北一公里处。

8. Danny wrote out the directions for Brian on a piece of paper because Brian doesn’t know the way to the movie theare.

丹尼把方向写在一张纸上,因为布莱恩不知道去电影院的路。(L21)

write out 意思是“写出;写完”。例如:

Please write out the answers ____ these questions. 请写出这些问题的答案。 9. “Let’s see,”Brian says as he reads the paper.

“让我想想,”布莱恩边读边想。(L21)

加拿大人习惯上用Let’s see 来表达Let me see 的意思。

as 作连词,引导时间状语从句时,表示“在……期间,当……的时候;一边……一边”。 when 和as 引导时间状语从句的区别:when 可以和延续性动词连用,也可以和短暂性动词连用;as 多和延续性动词连用。when 从句的谓语动词可以在主句谓语动作之前、之后或同时发生;as 从句的谓语动词必须是和主句谓语动作同时发生。例如:

Sorry,I was out when you called me. 对不起,你打电话时我刚好外出了。 __________ he had finished his homework,he took a short rest.

他完成作业后,休息了一会儿。

Danny counts as he opens and closes the diamond ___________________. 丹尼一边数数,一边开合“宝石建议”。

10. Walk through the park. 走过公园。(L21)

through 是介词,意思是“通过,穿过;经由;透过”。例如:

A river runs through _________________. 一条河流过我们的城市。

Visitors enter through a small gate. 游客从一个小门进入。

11. “This must be it,” Brian says to himself.“这一定是,”布莱恩心想。(L21)

say to oneself 意思是“心中暗想,思忖”。例如:

I said to myself,“Never ______________. ”我暗自思量:“不要放弃。”

12. “Go down this street. Turn right at the second crossing.

沿着这条路走,在第二个十字路口右转。(L21)

常用的指路句型有:

① Go down this street __________ you see … 沿着这条路走直到你看见…… ② Turn right / left ________ the first / second crossing / corner.

在第一/ 二个十字路口/ 转角向右/ 左转。

③ It’s about … metres / kilometres from here.

到这里大约有……米/千米。

④ You can take a bus / taxi / train … 你可以乘公共汽车/出租车/火车…… 13. Sometimes I sit for the whole afternoon and do my homework.

有时候,我整个下午都坐在那里写作业。(L22)

whole 和all 的意思都有“全部的;所有的;完整的”,然而词序是不一样的。all 用于冠词、所有格和其他限定词之前,whole 则用于冠词等词之后。例如:

all the time = the whole time 全部时间

all this afternoon = the whole afternoon _____________________

all my life = my whole life 我的一生

all the class = the whole class 整个班级

如果没有冠词或其他限定词,whole 不能与单数名词连用。例如:

The whole city was burning. 但不能说Whole city was burning.whole 和all 与复数名词连用时,意思不同。whole 的意思是“全部”,而all 的意思近于“每一个”。 例如:

All Indian tribes suffered from white settlement in America.

所有印第安人部落都因白人移民美洲而遭殃。

Whole Indian tribes were killed off. 印第安人部落整个被杀光了。

14. He was busy fixing a pair of pants,but he still answer my questions.

他正忙于修理一条裤子,但他仍然回答我的问题。(L23)

(1) be busy (in)doing sth. 意为“忙于做某事”。例如:

I am busy ________________________ now. 我现在正忙于做作业。

(2) fix,mend,repair 这组同义词的一般含义是“修理;修补”。fix 具有mend 和 repair 这两个动词的一般含义。

15. I have to tell you that I had the flu. 不得不告诉你们,我得了感冒。(L24)

have the flu = catch a cold 意思是“得了流感,患流感”。例如:

How do you know when you have the flu?

你如何知道你_________________得了流感呢?

16. This week,I got to know my neighbourhood.

这星期,我了解了我的社区。(L24)

get 后接不定式表示“能够;有机会;设法(做到)”。get to know 的意思是“(设法或有机会)了解、认识”。例如:

I got to know him ______________________. 十年前我认识了他。

17. Across from the bookstore,there’s a beautiful park.

书店的对面,有一个漂亮的公园。(L24)

across from 相当于opposite,意为“在……的对面”。例如:

What’s opposite the parking lot?停车场对面是什么?

18. Yesterday I got lost. 昨天,我迷路了。(L24)

get / be lost 意思是“走失;迷失”。get lost 强调动作;be lost 表示状态。许多情况下,两者可以互换。例如:

I got / was lost _____________________. 我在森林里迷路了。

范文五:八年级英语冀教版上册教学设计

八年级英语上册lesson6 教学设计

职田中学 王存辉

I.The teaching goals

1.kownledge goals

1>. master some important words and phrases

a fair competition score four to three lost ---lost win---won a pair of jeans have the pleasure of doing invite sb to do sth go to the movies = go to watch the movies stay with 2>.master the present past tense

2.skill goals

1>.read words. phrases and passage

2>.practice listening

3>.practice writing

3.Emotion goal

Educate the students to get on well with each other

II.The teaching important points

1. To review the present past tense

2. To use some language points well

III. The teaching difficult points

To practise the students’ writing

IV. The teaching methods

1. To use the task teaching method

2. To use the writing teaching method

V. The teaching procedures

Step1.Creating learning scene

Step2.New lesson learning

1.Listening test problem

• 1.what day was it that day? 2.what was the weather like that day? 3.who was the new friend? 4.when did Jenny’s mother buy a pair of jeans for her?

• 5.where was Mary from ?

• 6.where was Brian from?

2.Cooperation exploration

the present past tense

1>.sign words

_______昨天 _______过去 _______以前

2>. 写出下列单词的过去式

are _______ am/is __________

lose _______ buy __________

wear ________ have _________

. important or difficult language points

1>. lose( ) ----- 反义词 win( )

2>.Brain is arriving from the U.K

译文: _____________________________________

它表达什么时候的动作

3.Practice problems (3minutes)

• 1.I want to _____ myself___(向…介绍) the class.

• 2.Li Ming and I are__ the same _______(在…队).

• 3.This basketball game will be ________(一场公平比赛).

• 4.The ______(得分)was_________( 4 to 3 ).

• 5.My mother bought _________(一条牛仔裤) for me

• 6.Jenny had the __________ to (很高兴对…说话)Mary.

• 7.She ______ me ___________(邀请…去看电影)yesterday.

• 8.I’m a _________(本地) famer.

• 9.I will stay with her _______(5天)

4.Opening up and Remembering problem

Today, Li Ming______(介绍) me a new friend, _____(他的) name is Brain, He was______(同一班) as me, He______(来自) America, I had__________ (高兴和他说话) him, He is__________(友好的), He often_________ (激励…学习) me ________English .Yesterday , he _______(邀请) me______(去打篮球) , It was __________(一场公平的比赛). Then, We want to have dinner _____________(在一个当地餐馆). We are getting well with each other , We have become

best friends.

Step3.Learning tasks

Step4.Summary

Step5.Teaching feedback

范文六:冀教版英语八年级上册lesson25教学设计

冀教版英语八年级上册lesson25教学设计

临漳县第二中学 张顺平

教学理念:

按照基础教育阶段英语课程的总体目标,在课堂教学中要注意学生语言技能、语言知识、情感态度、学习策略和文化意识的培养,让学生在获得知识和技能的过程同时学会学习和形成正确价值观。

本单元是让学生思考他们的未来,考虑一下将来的生活,积极参与到语言的运用情景之中,体验合作交流的乐趣。 教材分析:

1、教材简析:

本课通过描述李明和王梅的愿望和理想,学习有关职业的词汇及有关表示将来时的句型,帮助学生积极地描述他们的愿望和理想,让学生思考他们的未来,进一步复习学过的一般将来时,扩充词汇,掌握有关目标和计划方面的常用语言,激发学习英语的兴趣,有利于培养想象力及用英语进行思维的能力。 2、教学目标: 知识与技能目标: 知识目标:

Learn and master the following expressions: might grow sick future scientist Sentences:

What wound you like to be in the future? It’s adj. (for sb./of sb.) to do sth. 技能目标:

1.Enable students to express their hopes and wishes.

2.Think about the life in the future and share the ideas in a small group. 过程和方法目标:

1.Enable students to express their hopes and wishes

2.Help the students to learn to predict their future life and their jobs. 情感态度价值观目标:

教学重点: Set up your ambition for your future. 1、Some words and expressions about the future. 2、Predict their future life and jobs and the future tense. 教学难点:

1、熟练运用It’s adj. (for sb./of sb.) to do sth. 这类结构的句子。

2、Predict their future life and jobs and the future tense. 教学用具:

Recorder,tape and ppt. 课型:New lesson

学情分析:

八年级学生已经具备了介绍的基本知识和技能,为本课的学习作下了铺垫。此阶段的学生是一个特殊时期,有了一定的英语学习习惯,但须巩固,他们有了一定的认知能力和语言基础,需要进一步扎实基础,提升能力,但是学生学习的差异性很大,部分语言学习能力较强的学生表现更为优异,对英语学习表现出较强的自信心,能积极参与课堂活动,针对他们,任务的设计可以是对语言表达能力要求较高的活动,引导他们在小组活动中积极与他人合作,互相帮助,共同完成学习任务;班里还有一些语言能力较差,语言综合运用能力没能达到要求级别,自信心不足,缺乏学习动力与积极性,教师要鼓励他们,针对他们设计容易完成的活动,使其体验到成功的喜悦的同时,激发培养英语学习兴趣,树立信心。对学生的活动进行评价,使学生能及时得到激励与反馈,这样有利于学生英语学习。 学习策略:

1.记忆词汇;

2.听前准备,有选择性地听记关键内容

3.提高学生学习策略意识,培养学生使用各种方法来帮助自己学习语言。

4.个人阅读、小组讨论、 师生互动 教学过程设计:

Homework:

Ⅰ、根据句意填出词的适当形式。

1.She 可能)have a swim on Sunday afternoon. 2. What are you going todo in the ____(未来)?

3. I want to be a_____(科学家)like Qian Xuesen when I (长大).

4. Linda often helps me.She (对……好)me. Ⅱ、Write a passage about “YOUR FUTURE” 1.Where will you live?

2.What will you be? What will your job be? 3.Will you be happy? Why?

教后反思:在教学过程中,按照所设计的环节基本完成任务,达到预期的目标,学生的听说读写能力都得到了训练,但也有许多不足,例如:学生参与度不均衡,一节课下来,大部分学生都能积极投入到课堂教学中来,并积极举手发言。课堂气氛比较活跃,调动了大部分学生听课的积极性,因此合作教学对提高学生实际的语言交流能力、以及与他人的合作能力有很大的促进作用。但很明显的,语言表达能力强的学生参与的机会相对要多,另有一些学生却习惯于当听众,被动地接受别人的观点。很少发表自己的个人意见,也就是说在小组合作学习中学生的参与度不均衡。

另外,没有能够充分体现学生的主体性,教师讲得太多,学生练得少。注重知识的讲解,淡化了能力的提升,知识拓展太深,导致许多学生有点消化不了。阅读教学方法指导有所欠缺,应该加大学生的课外阅读量。另外,教学评价过于简单、单调。

对本课的反思,我从中领悟到了一种思想,一种理念,那就是优化课堂教学,提高课堂效果,真正体现语言课程教学的关键。今后需要加强学习,更新观念,转变思想,来指导教学实践。

范文七:冀教版八年级英语上册Lesson48教案

冀教版八年级英语上册 Lesson 48 : Liming ’ report 教案 柞水县穆家庄九年制学校 科目 主备 人 教 学 目 标 English 党学芳 课题 审核人 Lesson 48 : 授课人 Liming ’ report 授课时间 第 周 课型 编号 New lesson

党学芳

1.掌握重点单词 短语: in front of the class 2. 能从多个角度介绍自己,评价自己。

some good advice each other

重点:重点单词 短语,句子。 难点:多个角度介绍自己,评价自己。 一 课前预习 1. 预习单词,各组完成各组的学习任务。 2. 对自己做一个全方位的评价。 3. 预习自测。根据汉语完成句子。 1 My friend gave me some good __________(建议) 2) I feel________________(比较的自信). 3). He gave me some _______(自信) to speak English 4).每次看见他我就紧张。I am a little ____________ seeing him every time. 5). 我经常犯错误,但是我相信熟能生巧。 She often _____________. But she believes that pratice _________________. 6). I’m sure she will try ____________,she must be one of ____________ 二“I”的疑惑 (学生自主预习反映的典型问题) 备注

教学流程

Step1 Class opening 情景导课 1. 问候。 2.简单对话,导入新课.【PPT】 Step 2 Self-learning 自主学习 Listen(P125, part1 )【PPT】 Step3 Co-operative studying 合作学习 各小组梳理各组的学习内容,准备展示。 Step4 Exhibition and exchange 展示交流 每个组同学到台前展示各组学习任务,并由中心发言人在前黑板展演探究结果。 (其他小组补充,并点评,老师点拨。 ) 探究一:lose 的用法 : 1. 动词 失去,丧失. 词组 lose one’s life 丧生 lose one’s way 迷路; lose oneself 迷路; lose oneself in 沉湎于 lose weight 减肥 lose face 丢脸

2. lost

①形容词 :丢失的; 迷路的. ②动词(lose 的过去式,过去分词). get lost 迷路 lost in thought 沉思中

a lost child 迷路的小孩

如:Some wild animals may die soon because they are losing homes. I’ve lost my bag. Have you seen it? Step5 Guiding and promoting(能力提升) P125 Part3 Step6 课堂检测。用所给单词的适当形式填空 1. Tom is one of the best football__________( play)。 2. We must make ___________( us) strong. 3. I would like to begin my report by ______________(introduce) myself. 4. His words gave me____________(confident) to learn English well. 5. He was too nervous_____________(say) a word. 6. I cannot finish the work ____________(with ) your help. 7. She is praticing ______________( speak)Eglish. Step7 小结 课后作业 课堂设计

教学反思

范文八:冀教版八年级英语上册Unit8复习教案

冀教版八年级英语上册Unit 8复习教案

柞水县穆家庄九年制学校

Ⅰ.单项填空

( )1.Mrs. Zhao failed _______ the exam because she failed ______ the exam on time.

A. in; to take B. on; taking C. on; to take D. in; taking

( )2.John is very sad, because ______ wants to make friends with ______.

A. anybody; him B. everybody; himself C. nobody; him D. somebody; himself

( )3.You should believe _____ yourself. You can finish it ______ yourself.

A. in; in B. by; by C. in; by D. by; in

( )4.The man didn’t pass the physical exam ______ his weight.

A. Because B. thanks to C. because of D. thanks for

( )5..To learn English is difficult, but you should never________.

A.give up it B.give it back C.give it up D.give it away

( )6..—Thanks very much for your hard work. —_______

A. Me, too. B. Don’t thank me. C. It’s my pleasure. D. What do you say?

II. 完形填空

Sometimes you are not satisfied with yourself, thinking you’re 缺少) beauty, short of money or short of friendship. 1, all these are not necessary. Why not learn to love yourself?

Loving yourself means loving everything in you, your height, your voice, your eyes, your hair, even including your mistakes .Don’t feel ashamed that you will 2 at when your are wrong. As we know, no one is perfect. Does anybody in the world makes 23 mistake at all? Of course not. Always ask yourself, “Am I feeling 4 because of the mistakes?” or “ Do I have the courage to correct my mistakes ?” The answer is yes 25 not , Face bravely the mistakes you made yesterday and try your best to encourage yourself to learn 6 them. They 7 be your best teachers. You don’t need someone else to tell you how to correct your mistakes .Remember,you can get the love from others. You can enjoy love, but don’t 8 everybody to like you. If somebody doesn’t like you ,it is still OK .The best way to show your love for yourself. All above will teach you how to 9 and bring you great happiness in your life.

My dear friends, every morning when you open your eyes, it’s a gift from life. Get started 10 . Since you are unique in the world. ,love yourself and smile every day!

( )1.A.Immediately B. Closely C. Actually

( )2.A.laugh B. be laughed C. laughed

( )3.A.some B. Any C. no

( )4.A.sad B. excited C. pleased

( )5.A.and B.or C. but

( )6.A.on B.from C.at

( )7.A.might B.must C.should

( )8.A.hope

B.let C.expect

( )9.A. grow up B.get up C.take up

( )10.A.from then on B.from now on C.from early on

III 假如你是李东,你们学校英语俱乐部将选举新一届主席,你想参选。请按以下提示,写一篇竞选演讲稿.

My name is Li Dong. I want to run for the new president of the English club. I think I can do the job very well. Firstly, I am very outgoing and can communicate with others in English fluently. Secondly, I have rich experience in organizing

activities, such as English parties and all kinds of lectures. I will make good plans and spare no efforts to do more exchanges with other schools by holding English speech competitions and debates if I get the chance. If I am lucky enough to be elected, I will make great contributions to serving students and try to make their life more colourful! Please give me a chance!

That's all. Thank you!

范文九:冀教版英语八年级上册lesson33教学设计

冀教版英语八年级上册lesson33教学设计

清油镇初级中学 王晓红

教学理念:

按照基础教育阶段英语课程的总体目标,在课堂教学中要注意学生语言技能、语言知识、情感态度、学习策略和文化意识的培养,让学生在获得知识和技能的过程同时学会学习和形成正确价值观。

本单元是让学生思考他们的未来,考虑一下将来的生活,积极参与到语言的运用情景之中,体验合作交流的乐趣。 教材分析:

1、教材简析:

本课通过描述李明和王梅的愿望和理想,学习有关职业的词汇及有关表示将来时的句型,帮助学生积极地描述他们的愿望和理想,让学生思考他们的未来,进一步复习学过的一般将来时,扩充词汇,掌握有关目标和计划方面的常用语言,激发学习英语的兴趣,有利于培养想象力及用英语进行思维的能力。

2、教学目标: 知识与技能目标: 知识目标:

Learn and master the following expressions: Scary carefully sick future Sentences:

Tomorrow is the future .So is next week and next year. It’s adj. (for sb./of sb.) to do sth. 技能目标:

1.Enable students to express their hopes and wishes.

2.Think about the life in the future and share the ideas in a small group. 过程和方法目标:

1.Enable students to express their hopes and wishes

2.Help the students to learn to predict their future life and their jobs. 情感态度价值观目标:

Set up your ambition for your future. 教学重点:

1、Some words and expressions about the future. 2、Predict their future life and jobs and the future tense. 教学难点:

1、熟练运用―so+助动词/情态动词/be 动词+主语‖的倒装句。 2、Predict their future life and jobs and the future tense. 教学用具:

Recorder,tape and ppt. 课型:New lesson

学情分析:

八年级学生已经具备了介绍的基本知识和技能,为本课的学习作下了铺垫。此阶段的学生是一个特殊时期,有了一定的英语学习习惯,但须巩固,他们有了一定的认知能力和语言基础,需要进一步扎实基础,提升能力,但是学生学习的差异性很大,部分语言学习能力较强的学生表现更为优异,对英语学习表现出较强的自信心,能积极参与课堂活动,针对他们,任务的设计可以是对语言表达能力要求较高的活动,引导他们在小组活动中积极与他人合作,互相帮助,共同完成学习任务;班里还有一些语言能力较差,语言综合运用能力没能达到要求级别,自信心不足,缺乏学习动力与积极性,教师要鼓励他们,针对他们设计容易完成的活动,使其体验到成功的喜悦的同时,激发培养英语学习兴趣,树立信心。对学生的活动进行评价,让学生能及时得到激励与反馈,有利于学生英语学习。 学习策略:

1.记忆词汇;

2.听前准备,有选择性地听记关键内容

3.提高学生学习策略意识,培养学生使用各种方法来帮助自己学习语言。

4.个人阅读、小组讨论、 师生互动 教学过程设计:

Homework:

Ⅰ、根据句意填出词的适当形式。

1.It’s (害怕)to hear the voice in the evening. 2.I feel ,maybe I have a cold.

3. Tom listened to the teacher carefully yesterday. so 是)

4. My father is very ,he does everything (细心). Ⅱ、Write a passage about ―YOUR FUTURE‖ 1.Where will you live?

2.What will you be? What will your job be? 3.Will you be happy? Why?

教后反思:在教学过程中,按照所设计的环节基本完成任务,达到预期的目标,学生的听说读写能力都得到了训练,但也有许多不足,例如:参与度不均衡,一节课下来,大部分学生都能积极投入到课堂教学中来,并积极举手发言。课堂气氛比较活跃,调动了大部分学生听课的积极性,因此合作教学对提高学生实际的语言交流能力、以及与他人的合作能力有很大的促进作用。但很明显的,语言表达能力强的学生参与的机会相对要多,另有一些学生却习惯于当听众,被动地接受别人的

观点。很少发表自己的个人意见,也就是说在小组合作学习中学生的参与度不均衡,而这部分学生主要是学习困难生,备学生方面做的欠缺。

再者是没能充分体现学生的主体性,教师讲得太多,学生练得少。注重知识的讲解,淡化了能力的提升,知识拓展太深,导致许多学生有点消化不了。阅读教学方法指导有所欠缺,加大学生的课外阅读量。另外,教学评价过于简单、单调。

对本课的反思,我从中领悟到了一种思想,一种理念,那就是优化课堂教学,提高课堂效果,真正体现语言课程教学的关键。今后需要加强学习,更新观念,转变思想,来指导教学实践。

范文十:2014.9冀教版八年级英语上册UNITS5-8月考卷

金塔三中2014-2015学年度第一学期冀教八(上) 英语

第二次月考(Units5-8)试卷

I.词汇考查(10分)

A.根据句意及所给汉语或首字母提示完成下列句子。 1. --- Look! That bird is flying very high!

--- Yes, That kind of bird can fly at a h of 800 metres..

2. People built many people built many train stations to help (乘客)get on and off the trains easily. 3. My family is poor, and I never had any singing lessons. But I taught myself by listening to the radio and watching TV (节目).

4. We are supposed to describe o in a report.

5. Collecting sports cards is a very c hobby among students. B.用所给单词的正确形式填空。

6. Maybe I will be a manager. I would run a ______ (busy) and lead a team. 7. There are so many ________ (choose). It’s hard to choose just one. 8. Last night, Danny stayed up late to make his ______ (invent).

9. My grandpa sometimes reads the China Daily when he is free, and he works in his small garden (day).

10. I might build a new type of plane someday. People would feel ______ (safe) and more comfortable in my plane.

Ⅱ. 语法知识及课本要点考查(25分)

( ) 1. I would be nice to my students. I wouldn’t give them homework on weekends. A. too many B. too much C. much too D. many too

( ) 2. ---She is too busy to help us finish the work. ---Let's do it _______.

A. herself B. myself C. ourselves D. itself

( ) 3.

A. themselves B. ourselves C. yourself D. himself

( ) 4. ---Who taught _______ English ? ---Nobody, She taught _________

A. herself ; her B. her ; herself C. her ; she D. she ; her.

( ) 5. My brother studies in _____ university. university is very far from here. A. an ; The B. a ; the C. the ; A D. a ; A

( ) 6. There is _____ “h”, _____ “o”, _____ “u” and _____ “r” in the word “hour”.

A. an, an, a, an B. a, an, a, an C. an, an, a, a D. a, a, an, an

( ) 7. ---Will you get there by __bus? ---No, I'll take _ taxi.

A. / ; a B. a ; the C. / ; / D. the ; a ( ) 8. ---Thank you so much for your help. --- .

A. No problem. B. Sure. C. Yes, please. D. It’s my pleasure.

( ) 9. She always dreamed of ______ a big house when she lived in that small house.

A. have B. has C. having D. to have.

( ) 10.Two other boys are on duty today ______ you.

A. except B. but C. except for D. besides

( ) 11.Do you have ______ to do? A. anything else B. else anything

C. something else D. else something

( ) 12.I am supposed _____ him. A. meet B. met C. to meet D. meeting

( ) 13. --- --- SOS. I need your help with my English project this week. --- No problem! Tell me more about it. A. Excuse me. B. How are you? C. How do you do? D. what’s up?

( ) 14. It’s Jim’s turn the classroom. A. clean B. to clean C. cleaning D. cleaned ( ) 15. _______people come to Xian to visit Huashan Mountain every year.

A. Thousands of B. Thousands C. Thousand of D. Thousand

( ) 16. — Hi, Tom, why do you look so tired? — Because I last night to finish my homework. A. stayed up late

B. made up C. put up D. looked up

( ) 17. Finish your homework first, and then you’ll watch TV for an hour.

A. can B. be able to C. able to D. could

( ) 18. — It’s one of the things in the world to stay with friends. — I agree. It always makes us relaxed. A. worst B. happiest C. busiest D. hardest

( ) 19. —Have you finished your homework? —

How about you? A. Not at all B. Not likely C. Not a bit D. Not yet

( )20. The peaceful music in the CD made the students relaxed. A. feel B. feels C. felt D. to feel ( )21. This kind of silk is much than that one.

A. smooth B. smoother C. smoothest D. the smoothest

( ) 22. Look the mirror and smile us. A. in; at B. at; in C. at; to D. at; at ( ) 23. _____ takes me an hour to clean the room every day. A. He B. This C. That D. It ( ) 24. My father has been to Beijing. ______. A. So do I B. So am I C. So have I D. So can I ( ) 25. Not only the students but also the teacher ______ against the plan.

A. been B. was C. were D. am

Ⅲ. 动词考查(15分)A. 单项选择:

( ) 1. It's not easy _____ a scientist. I'm not sure I can be a scientist. A. become B. to become C. became D. becoming

( ) 2. I have a fear of heights, but that won't stop me from ______ a pilot.

A. be B. to be C. will be D. being

( ) 3. What _____ I when I grow up. A. be B. will be C. have been D. am being ( ) 4. The important thing is ______ From your mistakes.

A. to learn B. learnt C. learns D. learned

( ) 5. Susan loves her red skirt because it was a gift from her grandma, and it is ______ (make) of silk. A.

made B. make C. making D. to make

B. 用所给动词的正确形式填空:

6. I often make mistakes when I speak English, But I believe that practice (make) perfect. I practice a lot

in class and after class.

7. I saw my teacher (smile) and my friends (wave) at me. 8. My teacher encouraged me (take) part in the talent show. 9. I (be) in Canada for seven and a half years. 10. My hobby is (study) stars.

12. I like collecting facts about our family history. It’s a great hobby! It's fun, and it makes me 13. People usually their first hobby when they are kids. 14. We had to an invention and present it to the class. 15. My brother on June 15 in 1988. Ⅳ. 按要求完成句子(每空1词,共25分)

A.句型转换,按括号内的要求转换下列句型,每空一词。 1. Whatever the world will be, we are always friends. (同义句) ______ ______ the world will be, we are always friends. 2. He used to travel by himself. (同义句) He used to travel 3. The little girl was so young that she couldn’t looked after herself well.(同义句) The little girl wasn’t ______ ______ to ______ ______ ______ ______ herself. l 4. Karl Max taught himself Russion in his fifties. (对划线部分提问) Karl Max learnt Russion ______ ______ in his fifties.

5. The Changjiang River is longer than any other river in China. (同义句) The Changjiang River is longer than other in China. The Changjiang River is river in China. 6. Most people have no more cows or chickens. (同义句) Most people have cows or chickens

7. Could I take a plane to the bakery? (同义句) Could I the bakery? B.根据汉语意思完成句子,每空一词。

8. I would work hard and the company and stronger. (我会努力工作并把公司做大做强。)

9. “I made it.” He said, “Its all ________ _________ (因为) your help! Thank you so much!” 10. We should _______ _______ (采取措施) to keep our schoolyard clean and tidy.

A: What do you want to be in the future? B:

A: Can you tell me why?

B: Because I like English and children. What about you? A: The teachers are poor, I think. B: What do you want to be then? A:

B: Why do you think so?

A: They look very pity when they are sick. B: You are great.

A: Thank you very much. And I hope you can be a good teacher. Ⅵ. 阅读理解(10分)

People may have many different kinds of hobbies during their lifetime. When we are very young, we usually play with dolls or toys. When we get older, we may not like playing with them. Some kids go out for a sport like football or skating.

Kids spend a lot of time developing a hobby and most children put lots of energy into it. Some other children may get interested in reading, painting, stamp collecting, playing the piano or the violin. Some people may change their interests every year.

Some of the most popular hobbies include watching TV or videos, reading books, magazines and newspapers, singing and listening to music. Many people like to join sports clubs. Now here are some questions for you. What’s a hobby? Why do we need hobbies? The main goal of a hobby is to give you a break from your work or school. A hobby is something you should do only for yourself. 根据短文内容,选择最佳答案。

( )1. When you get older, you may not be interested in ________.

A. playing ball games B. playing music C. playing with dolls D. reading

( )2. If painting is your hobby, it means you ________. A. spend little time on it

B. keep working at it day and night C. are good at it D. aren’t interested in it

( )3. The underlined word “goal” in the passage means “________” in Chinese.

A. 球门 B. 含义 C. 态度 D. 目的

( )4. The passage is mainly about ________. A. hobbies B. how to develop a hobby

C. different people have the same hobby D. how to spend the free time

( )5. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A. Hobbies can make a person feel relaxed. B. Nearly everyone may have a hobby. C. We might have a hobby when we were born. D. People’s hobbies can change with time. (命制:金塔三中八年级英语备课组张卫权 2014-12-7)