冀教版八年级英语下册

冀教版八年级英语下册

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【优秀范文】冀教版八年级英语下册

范文一:冀教版八年级英语下册

Unit One

一、重点词组

1. be scared of sb./sth. 恐惧某人/某物

2. go up 上升 , 与rise 同义,与go down 或set 相反

3. make a noise 发出声响,吵闹

4. arrive in 到达,表示到达某一城市、国家等大地方时,用介词in;表示到达某一村庄、车站等小地方时,用介词at ;到达的地方用副词表示时,可不用介词。

5. not„until„直到„„才„„

6. see„doing„停止做某事

7. go cycling 相当于 go to ride a bike ,意思是去骑车。

8. nit sb. on the head 表示“打某人的头”, “打某人的脸”要用hit sb. in the face 。

9. turn around 转身

10. fall off 摔下来

11. give sb. a push 推某人一下

12. stop doing

13. get off 从„„下来,通常指下火车、巴士、轮船、飞机等。

14. think about 思考、想起、想到(某人或某事)

15. all day 一整天

16. one by one 一个接一个地,类似的有year by year 一年又一年;day by day 一天又一天。

17. hold on 有两个意思,一个是“(电话)不挂断”;一个是“抓紧”。

18. come down 下来

19. help sb. do sth. = help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

二、重点句型

1. What’s the weather like today ?=How is the weather ? 今天天气怎么样?是用来询问天气状况的句子。

2. What’s the temperature ? 今天气温几度?问温度的句型,注意问温度多少时,

不用 how many 或 how much , 要用what 。

3. I hope not ! 我希望不是这样!它的肯定表达为:I hope so . 类似的表达法有:I’m afraid so .恐怕是这样。I’m afraid not.恐怕不是这样。I think so .我认为是这样。I don’t think so (=I think not)我认为不是这样。

3. What’s the date today ? 今天是几月几日?是用来询问日期的一个常用句子,口语也可以说What is today’s date ? 注意回答几月几日时,月份后的日期可以用基数词也可以用序数词,也可以用英文单词。Eg: 4月5日:April 5, April 5th , April (the) fifth

4. How about /What about„? „„怎么样?后接名词、代词或V-ing 形式。

5. Shall we„? „„好吗?可以„„吗? shall 多用于第一人称的疑问句,表示征求对方意见。

三、语法

合成词合成词,又名复合词,因由两词(或多词)合并成一词(词与词之间也可以有连字符)而得名

A.合成名词grandchildren / parent(s), afternoon, volleyball, washroom,

policeman/woman, keyboard, goodbye, wardrobe, pencilbox, postman, breakfast, etc.

B.合成形容词English-speaking, Chinese-English, etc.

C.其它合成词something, everybody, sometimes, twenty-first, yourself, etc.

Unit Two

一、重点词组

1. grow into 长成„„

2. pass sb. sh. = pass sth. to sb. 递给某人某物

3. billions of 数十亿的,hundred, thousand, million , billion等词前面有具体数字时,其本身用单数形式,直接修饰名词;表示一个笼统的概念时,这些词用复数形式,而且常与介词of连用修饰名词。

4. look after = take care of 照顾,照料。

5. be full of 满,充满=be filled with

6. be made of/from由„„制成,be made of 表示在制成的过程中,原材料没有发生质的变化;be made from 表示在制成的过程中,原材料发生质的变化。be made by 被(某人)制造;be made in 在(某地)制造

7. carry away 把„„搬(移)走

8. on the tree 在树上,指的是树上本身的东西,即长在树上;in the tree 也表示在树上,但它所指的是外来的东西,不是树本身的东西。

9. make „into 把„„制成„„

10. half of „„中的一半,当它所指代的是不可数名词时,代表单数,如果half of 后边所接的是可数名词的复数,那么它所代表的也是复数概念。

11. look like 看起来像

12. use „ to do sth.用„„来做„„,其中to do sth. 表示目的和用途。

13. put „ outside /on /into„把„„放在„„的外边/上面/里面

14. turn into 变成;turn„into„ 把„„变成„„

二、重点句型

Would you like/love„? Like/love与would ,should 连用时,表示“希望、想要”,回答时根据实际情况,如果要就回答“Yes , please .”如果不需要就回答“No , thanks/thank you .”

Unit Three

一、重点词组

1. play with与„„一起玩;拿„„来玩

2. slow down 慢下来

3. come from = be from 来自

4. all kinds of 各种各样的 ; different kinds of 不同种类的; a kind of 一种

5. protect sb. /sth. against/ from sth. 保护、保卫某人/某事物不受„„的侵害。

6. go extinct 灭绝

7. stop sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事(在主动语态中from可以省略,在被动语态中from不可以省略)

8. make friends with 与„„交朋友

9. take photos of „给某人照相

10. wake up 醒来

11. have a good day 玩的愉快

12. play a joke on „开某人的玩笑,戏弄某人;have a joke with sb. 与某人一起以某事取笑;make a joke about/of sb./sth. 拿某人(某事)开玩笑

13. stand still 一动不动地站着

14. get out of 除外走动;get out of sth./doing sth.逃避(责任或义务),不做份内的事,(使某人)放弃、停止或戒除(习惯等)

15. be famous / well-known for 以„„著名,以„„闻名; be famous as 著名的„„

16. get married 结婚

二、词语辨析

1. through ,across穿过

through 指“从里面(中心)穿过”,其含义与in有关,尤指森林、人群等。 across 指“从表面通过”,其含义与on有关

2. nearly , almost 几乎,差不多

almost 表达的程度比nearly更接近一些。

nearly不能用于修饰否定词,但可被not修饰。

3. above , over 在„„上方

above 是介词,表“在„„上方”,“比„„还高”,与below相反。

over 也有“在„„上方”的意思,但是它着重指正上方,或盖在上面的意思,而above 并不强调在正上方。

三、语法

The Past Continuous Tense(过去进行时态)

一、概念和用法:

1) 概念:表示过去某时正在进行的状态或动作。

2) 过去进行时的主要用法是描述一件事发生的背景;一个长动作发生的时候,另一个短动作发生。

3) 常用的时间状语this morning, the whole morning, all day yesterday, from nine to ten last evening, when, while例如:

We were watching TV from seven to nine last night. 昨天晚上七点到九点的时候我们在看电视。

It was raining when they left the station. 他们离开车站的时候天正在下雨。

二、 过去进行时可以表示在过去某个时间点发生的事情。时间点可以用介词短语、副词或从句来表示。如:

What was she doing at nine o´clock yesterday? 昨天晚上九点她在做什么? (介词短语表示时间点)

When I saw him he was decorating his room. 当我看见他的时候他正在装饰房间。 (when从句表示时间点)

三、 在复合句中,如果主要动作和背景动作都是延续的或同时发生的,那么主从句的动词都可用过去进行时。例如:

While he was waiting for the bus, he was reading a newspaper.他边等车边看报。 (两个动作都是延续的)

He was cleaning his car while I was cooking. 他擦车时我在做饭。(两个动作同时进行)

四、 通常不能用于过去进行时的动词主要有:agree, be, believe, belong, care, forget, hate, have(拥有), hear, know, like, love, mean, mind, notice, own, remember, seem, suppose, understand, want, wish等。例如:

误:I was knowing the answer.

正:I knew the answer. 我知道答案。

误:I wasn´t understanding him.

正:I didn´t understand him. 我不明白他的意思。

Unit Four

一、重点词组

1. look into 研究,调查

2. do an experiment 做一个试验

3. fill/cover with用„„把„„装满/盖住;fill in 填上

4. upside down 向下翻转过来

5. right side up 正面朝上

6. turn over 使„„翻转

7. in front of 在„„前面(在范围外);in the front of 在„„前面(在范围内)

8. on top of 在顶端

9. take sth. off sth. 使某物离开或脱离(一表面或边缘);take off (指飞机等)起飞,匆忙离去;take sth. off (从身上)除掉、脱下(衣物等)

10. be ready for 准备

11. take away 取走

12. be surprised 使惊奇

13. a spoonful of 一匙

14. dissolve in 溶化,溶解

15. half full of „一半

16. use up 用光,用完

17. enough to do sth. 足够„„做某事

二、辨析

1. find , look for , hunt 找

find 强调找的结果,意为“找到”

look for 强调动作过程,“寻找”

hunt, hunt for sb. sth. 意思寻找,寻找某人某物,与look for 同义。

2. surprised, surprising

surprised 感到惊奇,表示震惊. be surprised

surprising 使人惊讶的,出人意料的,惊人的

3. interesting , interested

interesting 形容词,有趣的

interested 形容词,对„„感兴趣, be interested in

三、语法

1. 分数的表达

分子用基数词表示,分母用序数词表示,当分子大于1时,要在分母的序数词后加 “s”。概括为口诀:分子基,分母序,分子>1, 分母加s 。 2. The Simple Future Tense (一般将来时态)

概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。

时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year„),soon, in a few minutes, by„,the day after tomorrow, etc.

基本结构:①am/is/are/going to + do;②will/shall + do.

否定形式:①was/were + not; ②在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词。 一般疑问句:①be放于句首;②will/shall提到句首。

一. shall/will+动词原形

1. will可用于所有人称,但shall 仅表示单纯将来时,用于第一人称I和we,作为will的一种替代形式。以You and I为主语时通常避免用shall。例如: He will be back soon. 他很快就会回来。

I shall/will be free on Sunday. 星期天我有空。

You and I will work in the same factory. 你和我将在同一工厂工作。

2. will , shall可用来预言将来发生的事。如说出我们设想会发生的事,或者请对方预言将要发生什么事。例如:

It will rain tomorrow. 明天将要下雨。

3. will , shall除可表示单纯的将来时以外,还可以带有意愿的色彩,仍指的是将来。例如:

I’ll buy you a bicycle for your birthday. 你过生日时,我给你买一辆自行车。(表示允诺)

Will you open the door for me please? 请你帮我开门好吗?(表示请求) Shall I get your coat for you? 我可以为你拿外套吗?(表示提议)

二. be going to+动词原形

1. 表示说话人根据现在已有的迹象,判断将要或即将发生某种情况。这类句子的主语可以是人,也可是物。例如:

There is going to be a football match in our school tomorrow afternoon. 明天下午我们学校将有一场足球赛。(已有告示)

Look at those black clouds ! It’s going to rain. 看看那些乌云!天快要下雨了。

2. 表示主语现在的意图或现已作出的决定,即打算在最近或将来进行某事。这种意图或决定往往是事先经过考虑的。例如:

Mary is going to be a teacher when she grows up. 玛丽决定长大了当一名教师。

3. 只是单纯地预测未来的事,此时可与will互换。例如:

I think it is going to/will rain this evening. 我认为今晚要下雨。 注意:

(1)be going to和will在含义和用法上略有不同。be going to往往表示事先经过考虑的打算;will多表示意愿、决心。两者有时不能互换。例如:

He is studying hard and is going to try for the exams. 他正努力学习,准备参加考试。(不能用will替换)

—Can somebody help me? ——谁能帮我一下吗?

—I will. ——我来。(不能用be going to替换)

(2)在if之后,通常不用will表示预言,但可以用be going to表示意图。例如:

If you are going to go to the cinema this evening , you’d better take your coat with you. 你若今晚去看电影,最好带着外套。

be going to也常可以用于主句之中。例如:

If you invite Jack , there’s going to be trouble. 如果你邀请杰克,那就要惹麻烦了。

如果表示将来的意愿,will可用于条件从句。此时will为情态动词。例如: If you will learn to play football , I’ll help you. 如果你想学踢足球,我可以帮你

Unit One

一、重点词组

1. be scared of sb./sth. 恐惧某人/某物

2. go up 上升 , 与rise 同义,与go down 或set 相反

3. make a noise 发出声响,吵闹

4. arrive in 到达,表示到达某一城市、国家等大地方时,用介词in;表示到达某一村庄、车站等小地方时,用介词at ;到达的地方用副词表示时,可不用介词。

5. not„until„直到„„才„„

6. see„doing„停止做某事

7. go cycling 相当于 go to ride a bike ,意思是去骑车。

8. nit sb. on the head 表示“打某人的头”, “打某人的脸”要用hit sb. in the face 。

9. turn around 转身

10. fall off 摔下来

11. give sb. a push 推某人一下

12. stop doing

13. get off 从„„下来,通常指下火车、巴士、轮船、飞机等。

14. think about 思考、想起、想到(某人或某事)

15. all day 一整天

16. one by one 一个接一个地,类似的有year by year 一年又一年;day by day 一天又一天。

17. hold on 有两个意思,一个是“(电话)不挂断”;一个是“抓紧”。

18. come down 下来

19. help sb. do sth. = help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

二、重点句型

1. What’s the weather like today ?=How is the weather ? 今天天气怎么样?是用来询问天气状况的句子。

2. What’s the temperature ? 今天气温几度?问温度的句型,注意问温度多少时,

不用 how many 或 how much , 要用what 。

3. I hope not ! 我希望不是这样!它的肯定表达为:I hope so . 类似的表达法有:I’m afraid so .恐怕是这样。I’m afraid not.恐怕不是这样。I think so .我认为是这样。I don’t think so (=I think not)我认为不是这样。

3. What’s the date today ? 今天是几月几日?是用来询问日期的一个常用句子,口语也可以说What is today’s date ? 注意回答几月几日时,月份后的日期可以用基数词也可以用序数词,也可以用英文单词。Eg: 4月5日:April 5, April 5th , April (the) fifth

4. How about /What about„? „„怎么样?后接名词、代词或V-ing 形式。

5. Shall we„? „„好吗?可以„„吗? shall 多用于第一人称的疑问句,表示征求对方意见。

三、语法

合成词合成词,又名复合词,因由两词(或多词)合并成一词(词与词之间也可以有连字符)而得名

A.合成名词grandchildren / parent(s), afternoon, volleyball, washroom,

policeman/woman, keyboard, goodbye, wardrobe, pencilbox, postman, breakfast, etc.

B.合成形容词English-speaking, Chinese-English, etc.

C.其它合成词something, everybody, sometimes, twenty-first, yourself, etc.

Unit Two

一、重点词组

1. grow into 长成„„

2. pass sb. sh. = pass sth. to sb. 递给某人某物

3. billions of 数十亿的,hundred, thousand, million , billion等词前面有具体数字时,其本身用单数形式,直接修饰名词;表示一个笼统的概念时,这些词用复数形式,而且常与介词of连用修饰名词。

4. look after = take care of 照顾,照料。

5. be full of 满,充满=be filled with

6. be made of/from由„„制成,be made of 表示在制成的过程中,原材料没有发生质的变化;be made from 表示在制成的过程中,原材料发生质的变化。be made by 被(某人)制造;be made in 在(某地)制造

7. carry away 把„„搬(移)走

8. on the tree 在树上,指的是树上本身的东西,即长在树上;in the tree 也表示在树上,但它所指的是外来的东西,不是树本身的东西。

9. make „into 把„„制成„„

10. half of „„中的一半,当它所指代的是不可数名词时,代表单数,如果half of 后边所接的是可数名词的复数,那么它所代表的也是复数概念。

11. look like 看起来像

12. use „ to do sth.用„„来做„„,其中to do sth. 表示目的和用途。

13. put „ outside /on /into„把„„放在„„的外边/上面/里面

14. turn into 变成;turn„into„ 把„„变成„„

二、重点句型

Would you like/love„? Like/love与would ,should 连用时,表示“希望、想要”,回答时根据实际情况,如果要就回答“Yes , please .”如果不需要就回答“No , thanks/thank you .”

Unit Three

一、重点词组

1. play with与„„一起玩;拿„„来玩

2. slow down 慢下来

3. come from = be from 来自

4. all kinds of 各种各样的 ; different kinds of 不同种类的; a kind of 一种

5. protect sb. /sth. against/ from sth. 保护、保卫某人/某事物不受„„的侵害。

6. go extinct 灭绝

7. stop sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事(在主动语态中from可以省略,在被动语态中from不可以省略)

8. make friends with 与„„交朋友

9. take photos of „给某人照相

10. wake up 醒来

11. have a good day 玩的愉快

12. play a joke on „开某人的玩笑,戏弄某人;have a joke with sb. 与某人一起以某事取笑;make a joke about/of sb./sth. 拿某人(某事)开玩笑

13. stand still 一动不动地站着

14. get out of 除外走动;get out of sth./doing sth.逃避(责任或义务),不做份内的事,(使某人)放弃、停止或戒除(习惯等)

15. be famous / well-known for 以„„著名,以„„闻名; be famous as 著名的„„

16. get married 结婚

二、词语辨析

1. through ,across穿过

through 指“从里面(中心)穿过”,其含义与in有关,尤指森林、人群等。 across 指“从表面通过”,其含义与on有关

2. nearly , almost 几乎,差不多

almost 表达的程度比nearly更接近一些。

nearly不能用于修饰否定词,但可被not修饰。

3. above , over 在„„上方

above 是介词,表“在„„上方”,“比„„还高”,与below相反。

over 也有“在„„上方”的意思,但是它着重指正上方,或盖在上面的意思,而above 并不强调在正上方。

三、语法

The Past Continuous Tense(过去进行时态)

一、概念和用法:

1) 概念:表示过去某时正在进行的状态或动作。

2) 过去进行时的主要用法是描述一件事发生的背景;一个长动作发生的时候,另一个短动作发生。

3) 常用的时间状语this morning, the whole morning, all day yesterday, from nine to ten last evening, when, while例如:

We were watching TV from seven to nine last night. 昨天晚上七点到九点的时候我们在看电视。

It was raining when they left the station. 他们离开车站的时候天正在下雨。

二、 过去进行时可以表示在过去某个时间点发生的事情。时间点可以用介词短语、副词或从句来表示。如:

What was she doing at nine o´clock yesterday? 昨天晚上九点她在做什么? (介词短语表示时间点)

When I saw him he was decorating his room. 当我看见他的时候他正在装饰房间。 (when从句表示时间点)

三、 在复合句中,如果主要动作和背景动作都是延续的或同时发生的,那么主从句的动词都可用过去进行时。例如:

While he was waiting for the bus, he was reading a newspaper.他边等车边看报。 (两个动作都是延续的)

He was cleaning his car while I was cooking. 他擦车时我在做饭。(两个动作同时进行)

四、 通常不能用于过去进行时的动词主要有:agree, be, believe, belong, care, forget, hate, have(拥有), hear, know, like, love, mean, mind, notice, own, remember, seem, suppose, understand, want, wish等。例如:

误:I was knowing the answer.

正:I knew the answer. 我知道答案。

误:I wasn´t understanding him.

正:I didn´t understand him. 我不明白他的意思。

Unit Four

一、重点词组

1. look into 研究,调查

2. do an experiment 做一个试验

3. fill/cover with用„„把„„装满/盖住;fill in 填上

4. upside down 向下翻转过来

5. right side up 正面朝上

6. turn over 使„„翻转

7. in front of 在„„前面(在范围外);in the front of 在„„前面(在范围内)

8. on top of 在顶端

9. take sth. off sth. 使某物离开或脱离(一表面或边缘);take off (指飞机等)起飞,匆忙离去;take sth. off (从身上)除掉、脱下(衣物等)

10. be ready for 准备

11. take away 取走

12. be surprised 使惊奇

13. a spoonful of 一匙

14. dissolve in 溶化,溶解

15. half full of „一半

16. use up 用光,用完

17. enough to do sth. 足够„„做某事

二、辨析

1. find , look for , hunt 找

find 强调找的结果,意为“找到”

look for 强调动作过程,“寻找”

hunt, hunt for sb. sth. 意思寻找,寻找某人某物,与look for 同义。

2. surprised, surprising

surprised 感到惊奇,表示震惊. be surprised

surprising 使人惊讶的,出人意料的,惊人的

3. interesting , interested

interesting 形容词,有趣的

interested 形容词,对„„感兴趣, be interested in

三、语法

1. 分数的表达

分子用基数词表示,分母用序数词表示,当分子大于1时,要在分母的序数词后加 “s”。概括为口诀:分子基,分母序,分子>1, 分母加s 。 2. The Simple Future Tense (一般将来时态)

概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。

时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year„),soon, in a few minutes, by„,the day after tomorrow, etc.

基本结构:①am/is/are/going to + do;②will/shall + do.

否定形式:①was/were + not; ②在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词。 一般疑问句:①be放于句首;②will/shall提到句首。

一. shall/will+动词原形

1. will可用于所有人称,但shall 仅表示单纯将来时,用于第一人称I和we,作为will的一种替代形式。以You and I为主语时通常避免用shall。例如: He will be back soon. 他很快就会回来。

I shall/will be free on Sunday. 星期天我有空。

You and I will work in the same factory. 你和我将在同一工厂工作。

2. will , shall可用来预言将来发生的事。如说出我们设想会发生的事,或者请对方预言将要发生什么事。例如:

It will rain tomorrow. 明天将要下雨。

3. will , shall除可表示单纯的将来时以外,还可以带有意愿的色彩,仍指的是将来。例如:

I’ll buy you a bicycle for your birthday. 你过生日时,我给你买一辆自行车。(表示允诺)

Will you open the door for me please? 请你帮我开门好吗?(表示请求) Shall I get your coat for you? 我可以为你拿外套吗?(表示提议)

二. be going to+动词原形

1. 表示说话人根据现在已有的迹象,判断将要或即将发生某种情况。这类句子的主语可以是人,也可是物。例如:

There is going to be a football match in our school tomorrow afternoon. 明天下午我们学校将有一场足球赛。(已有告示)

Look at those black clouds ! It’s going to rain. 看看那些乌云!天快要下雨了。

2. 表示主语现在的意图或现已作出的决定,即打算在最近或将来进行某事。这种意图或决定往往是事先经过考虑的。例如:

Mary is going to be a teacher when she grows up. 玛丽决定长大了当一名教师。

3. 只是单纯地预测未来的事,此时可与will互换。例如:

I think it is going to/will rain this evening. 我认为今晚要下雨。 注意:

(1)be going to和will在含义和用法上略有不同。be going to往往表示事先经过考虑的打算;will多表示意愿、决心。两者有时不能互换。例如:

He is studying hard and is going to try for the exams. 他正努力学习,准备参加考试。(不能用will替换)

—Can somebody help me? ——谁能帮我一下吗?

—I will. ——我来。(不能用be going to替换)

(2)在if之后,通常不用will表示预言,但可以用be going to表示意图。例如:

If you are going to go to the cinema this evening , you’d better take your coat with you. 你若今晚去看电影,最好带着外套。

be going to也常可以用于主句之中。例如:

If you invite Jack , there’s going to be trouble. 如果你邀请杰克,那就要惹麻烦了。

如果表示将来的意愿,will可用于条件从句。此时will为情态动词。例如: If you will learn to play football , I’ll help you. 如果你想学踢足球,我可以帮你

范文二:冀教版英语八年级下册第八单元教案

冀教版英语八年级下册第八单元教案

Lesson 57: Let’s Clean Up!

Teaching Content:

Mastery words and expressions: yard, rubbish, pick up, bit, a bit of, big

Oral words and expressions: garbage, pollution, finish doing, get to work

Teaching Aims:

1. Let the students understand to protect our environment is our duty.

2. We should keep our school yard clean.

Teaching Important Points:

1. Know how many ways we can say “garbage”.

2. Talk about the destroy of the rubbish.

Teaching Difficult Points:

Some words and expressions, such as: pick up, clean up Teaching Preparation: pictures

Teaching Aids: audiotape, flashcards, pictures

Type of lesson: new lesson

Teaching Procedure:

Step1. Come to “TALK ABOUT IT.”

Step2. Show the new words to the students. Let the students read the words first. Then let them read after the tape.

Step3. Listen to the tape and do Exercise 3 in activity book. Step4. Read the text and check the answers silently. At the same time, answer the following questions:

1. Where are Jenny, Brian and Danny?

2. How’s the weather?

3. What do English people call “rubbish”?

4. What is Jenny studying in class this week?

5. What does the teacher think of Jenny’s idea?

Step5. Read the text in roles loudly. Then let some students act it out in front of the class.

Step6. Practice

Explain some language points to the class. Then ask the students to make up sentences with them.

1. But look at all of the rubbish!

2. Somebody should pick up that garbage!

3. It would take too long.

4. Each student could clean up a bit of the school yard.

5. We would finish cleaning in an hour.

Step7. Come to “LET’S DO IT.”

Work in teams with three or four people. Let some students act their dialogue out in front of the class.

Step 8. Homework

1. Finish off the exercises in activity book.

2. Go on the next reading in the student book.

Summary:

This lesson is close to our life. Try to take the students out of the classroom and show the garbage to them. Then let them say what they feel about the garbage. Ask them to act the dialogue out in the school yard. 冀教版英语八年级下册第八单

元教案

Lesson 57: Let’s Clean Up!

Teaching Content:

Mastery words and expressions: yard, rubbish, pick up, bit, a bit of, big

Oral words and expressions: garbage, pollution, finish doing, get to work

Teaching Aims:

1. Let the students understand to protect our environment is our duty.

2. We should keep our school yard clean.

Teaching Important Points:

1. Know how many ways we can say “garbage”.

2. Talk about the destroy of the rubbish.

Teaching Difficult Points:

Some words and expressions, such as: pick up, clean up Teaching Preparation: pictures

Teaching Aids: audiotape, flashcards, pictures

Type of lesson: new lesson

Teaching Procedure:

Step1. Come to “TALK ABOUT IT.”

Step2. Show the new words to the students. Let the students read the words first. Then let them read after the tape.

Step3. Listen to the tape and do Exercise 3 in activity book. Step4. Read the text and check the answers silently. At the same time, answer the following questions:

1. Where are Jenny, Brian and Danny?

2. How’s the weather?

3. What do English people call “rubbish”?

4. What is Jenny studying in class this week?

5. What does the teacher think of Jenny’s idea?

Step5. Read the text in roles loudly. Then let some students act it out in front of the class.

Step6. Practice

Explain some language points to the class. Then ask the students to make up sentences with them.

1. But look at all of the rubbish!

2. Somebody should pick up that garbage!

3. It would take too long.

4. Each student could clean up a bit of the school yard.

5. We would finish cleaning in an hour.

Step7. Come to “LET’S DO IT.”

Work in teams with three or four people. Let some students act their dialogue out in front of the class.

Step 8. Homework

1. Finish off the exercises in activity book.

2. Go on the next reading in the student book.

Summary:

This lesson is close to our life. Try to take the students out of the classroom and show the garbage to them. Then let them say what they feel about the garbage. Ask them to act the dialogue out in the school yard.

范文三:冀教版八年级英语下册重点短语

冀教版八年级英语下册重点短语

八年级英语第一单元知识点归纳

1. be scared of sb./sth./doing sth. 恐惧某人/某物/做某事

2. go up 上升 , go down 下降

3. make a noise 发出声响,吵闹

4. arrive in 到达,表示到达某一城市、国家等大地方时,

5. not…until…直到……才……

6. see sb. doing sth…看见某人正在做某事

7. go cycling意思是去骑车。

8. hit sb. on the head 表示“打某人的头”,

hit sb. in the face表示的“打某人的脸”要用。

9. turn around 转身

10. fall off 摔下来

11. give sb. a push 推某人一下

12. help sb. do sth. = help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

13. get off 从……下来,通常指下火车、巴士、轮船、飞机等。

14. think about 思考、想起、想到(某人或某事)

15. all day 一整天

16. one by one 一个接一个地,类似有year by year 一年又一年;day by day 一天又一天。

17. hold on 有两个意思,一个是“(电话)不挂断”;一个是“抓紧”。

18. come down 下来

19.What’s the weather like ?=How is the weather?天气怎么样

20.on the radio 通过收音机

21the same as和..一样。反义短语:be different from

22What’s the date today?今天几号?

What day is it today?今天星期几?

What’s the temperature? 温度是多少?

23.maybe(句首)=perhaps(句首)=may be(句中)

24.the difference between...and....两者之间的不同之处

25.thank you for doing sth.感谢做某事

26. 表示建议:

let’s do.......; Shall we do.....;

How/What about doing...;

Why not do...,You ’better do..;

Would you please do sth....?

27.Why don’t you do sth.=Why not do sth.为什么不做.....?

28.Would you please(not) /do sth请某人做(不要做)某事好吗?

29.You’d better (not) do sth最好做(不要做)某事好吗?

30.on the playground在操场上

31.This is the+基数词+主语+have/has +p.p这是某人第几次做....

32.make a loud noise发出很大声响

33wake up:醒来;wake....up:叫醒

八年级英语第二单元知识点归纳

1. grow into 长成……

2. pass sb. sh. = pass sth. to sb. 递给某人某物

3. billions of 数十亿的,hundred, thousand, million , billion等词前面有具体数字时,其本身用单数形式,直接修饰名词;表示一个笼统的概念时,这些词用复数形式,而且常与介词of连用修饰名词。

4. look after = take care of 照顾,照料。Look after...well=take good care of仔细照顾

5. be full of 满,充满=be filled with

6. be made of/from由……制成,be made of 表示在制成的过程中,原材料没有发生质的变化;be made from 表示在制成的过程中,原材料发生质的变化。be made by 被(某人)制造;be made in 在(某地)制造

7. carry away 把……搬(移)走

8. on the tree=on trees 在树上,指的是树上本身的东西,即长在树上;

in the tree=in trees 也表示在树上,但它所指的是外来的东西,不是树本身的东西。

9. make …into 把……制成……

10. half of ……中的一半,当of后面是不可数名词或单数时,谓语用单数,如果half of 后边所接的是可数名词的复数,那么谓语用复数。

11. look like 看起来像

12. use … to do sth.用……来做……,其中to do sth. 表示目的和用途。

13. put … outside /on /into…把……放在……的外边/上面/里面

14. turn into 变成;turn…into… 把……变成……

15.cover.....with....用....覆盖;be covered with 被覆盖

16.What is....for?....是做什么用的?

17.feed....to sb./sth.把.喂给某人/某物;feed sb.on/with sth.用…喂养

18.in the shade:

20.have nothing to do:无事可做

八年级英语第三单元知识点归纳

1. play with与……一起玩;拿……来玩

2. slow down 慢下来

3. come from = be from 来自

4. all kinds of 各种各样的 ; different kinds of 不同种类的; a kind of 一种

5. protect sb. /sth. against/ from sth. 保护、保卫某人/某事物不受……的侵害。

6. go extinct 灭绝

7. stop sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事(在主动语态中from可以省略,在被动语态中from不可以省略)

8. make friends with 与……交朋友

9. take photos of …给某人照相

10. wake up 醒来

11. have a good day 玩的愉快

12. play a joke on …开某人的玩笑,戏弄某人;have a joke with sb. 与某人一起以某事取笑;make a joke about/of sb./sth. 拿某人(某事)开玩笑

13. stand still 一动不动地站着

14. get out of 除外走动;get out of sth./doing sth.逃避(责任或义务),不做份内的事,(使某人)放弃、停止或戒除(习惯等)

15. be famous / well-known for 以……著名,以……闻名; be famous as 著名的……

16. get/be married 结婚,get/be married to sb.和某人结婚

二、词语辨析

1. through ,across穿过

through 指“从里面(中心)穿过”,其含义与in有关,尤指森林、人群等。

across 指“从表面通过”,其含义与on有关

2. nearly , almost 几乎,差不多

almost 表达的程度比nearly更接近一些。

nearly不能用于修饰否定词,但可被not修饰。

3. above , over 在……上方

above 是介词,表“在……上方”,“比……还高”,与below相反。 over 也有“在……上方”的意思,但是它着重指正上方,或盖在上面的意思,而above 并不强调在正

1. look into 研究,调查

2. do an experiment 做一个试验

3. fill/cover with用……把……装满/盖住;fill in 填上

4. .in front of 在……前面(在范围外);in the front of 在……前面(在范围内) 5 on top of 在顶端

6. take sth. off sth. 使某物离开或脱离(一表面或边缘);take off (指飞机等)起飞,匆忙离去;take sth. off (从身上)除掉、脱下(衣物等)

7 be ready for 准备

8. take away 取走

9. be surprised (at)使惊奇 to one’s surprise令某人惊奇的是, in surprise

10 a spoonful of 一匙

11. dissolve in 溶化,溶解

12 half full of …一半

13. use up 用光,用完

14 adj+enough to do sth. 足够……做某事

二、辨析

1. find , look for , hunt 找

find 强调找的结果,意为“找到”

look for 强调动作过程,“寻找”

hunt, hunt for sb. sth. 意思寻找,寻找某人某物,与look for 同义。

八年级英语第五单元知识点归纳

1. go to...on foot=walk to...:步行去...

2. Of course.=Sure.=Certainly:当然!

3. take a ship:坐轮船

4. a new type of :一种新型的...

5. high-speed trains:高速列车

6. in large numbers:大量的

7. had better+动词原形:最好... 否定:had better not+动原

8. in a hurry:匆忙与hurry to do sth

9. make presentation:发言;演讲

10. glue sth onto...:把某物粘到...上

11. at the front of:在...前面(强调平面空间) in the front of强调立体空间。

12. get+形容词=be+形容词:变得...

13. in the future:在将来

14. send sb from one place to another place:把某人从一个地方送到另一个地方

15. learn about:学习关于... think about:思考;考虑

16. present sth to:向...展示某物

1. connect to:连接到...

2. hear from sb=get/receive/have a letter from sb.收到某人的来信,hear of 听说

3. in a short time:在短时间内

4. thousands of:数以千计的 hundreds of:数以百计的

5. answer the phone:接电话

6. right now=at once:立刻;马上;现在

8. take a message for sb:给某人留口信

9. wait a moment:等一下

10. chat on the Internet:网上聊天

11. millions of:成千上万的

12. get/buy sth for sb:为某人买某物

13. fail to do sth:,(未能做某事)fail in dong sth, 做某事失败succeed in doing sth,做某事成功

14. feel like doing sth.=want to do sth:=would like to do sth.想要做某事

八年级英语第七单元知识点归纳

1.be abroad:在国外 go abroad:出国

2.pen pal:笔友

3.travel around the world:环游世界

4.four main oceans:四大洋

5.give a report:作报告

6.at the end=finally:最后

7.keep doing sth:一直做某事

8.look up:查找

八年级英语第八单元知识点归纳

1. pick up:捡起

2. clean up:清理

3. finish doing sth:做完某事

4. throw away:扔掉;乱丢

5. reusable bags:可重复使用的袋子

6. give prizes:颁奖

7. leaking toilet:卫生间渗漏

8. make into:制作成

9. worry about:担心

10. try not to do:试着不要做

11. make the most pollution:造成最大的污染

12. make less pollution:减少污染

13. the next day:第二天

14. take a walk:散步

15. sort into:分类成

16. make out of:用...制造

1、分析现在的环境状况,说说如何保护环境以及其重要性。 Save Our World Protecting the environment becomes one of the most important work in the world.

The rubbish not only pollutes our environment, but also bad for our health. So we shouldn’t throw about rubbish. We should stop factories and people from pouring waste water into rivers. Remember to turn off the lights when you leave.

We have only one earth. It’s our duty to protect it. If each of us does something, we will have a better life and a more beautiful world.

2.以日记的形式,描述自己最开心的或最难忘的一天。

A Happy Day Everyone has own happiest day, me too!

Last Sunday morning, I went to the zoo with my parents by car. The weather was fine and there are a lot of people in the zoo. I saw many animals, like tigers, bears, birds and so on. It’s really interesting. I like lion best because it is the King of animals, and it looks so cool! I took a lot of photos of the animals.

I had a great time that day.

3.现在电脑已经走进了我们的生活,作为学生谈谈我们应该怎么样正确使用电脑。

Now computer has become good friends of us. It’s getting more and more important. With computer’s help, our life Become more colorful, we can get information fast, and we Can talk with people thousands of miles away. But we must know its disadvantages. Some students spend too much time in playing computer games. Their studies and health are getting worse.

So, we should use the computers in right way.

4.谈谈如何学习英语,提出合理性建议和方法。

How to Learn English It’s easy for me to learn English. I think you are the same.

Our English teacher said the best way to learn English was to use it. I think so! We should try our best to remember more words and understand the meaning. Talk with others in English as possible as you can. We must always do all kinds of exercise to review the knowledge. Don’t forget to ask teacher when you can’t understand anything. This is very important.

In all, your English will be improved as long as you

work Hard and never give up.

5.描述你最喜欢的季节

My Favorite Season Each season has different beauty. But I like autumn best.

Autumn is a harvest season; we can eat all kinds of fruits. In autumn, the weather gets cool, but not cold. The trees are full of yellow leaves, it looks like a beautiful painting. Mid-Autumn Day is in autumn, it’s my favorite festival.

On that day, family member and friends will get together and eat moon cakes.

I love autumn.

6.现在有很多人都在学习英语,因为人们认为英文很重要。你认为学好应为的方法是什么?你是怎样学习英文的?

There are a lot of people learning English in china. Why do people learn English in china? Because they think it is very useful. Beijing’s successful bid for the 2008 Olympic Games encourages more people to learn English. How can we learn English well? At first, I try to speak as much as I can. I speak English with my classmates and teachers

in school. Secondly, I listen to English as often as possible in and out of class and write down the important things the teacher teaches in class. Thirdly, at night I like to listen to the English songs at home. At last, I go over my lessons and do a lot of practice after class. Fourthly, it is also important to remember the English words .I think if we do like this, we can learn English well. In fact, there is no good and easy way to learn English well. But there is nothing difficult if we put our heart into it.

7.、你喜欢旅游吗?你的上一次旅游去了哪里?都看到了什么?你们玩得愉快吗?请谈谈你的想法。

范文1.

Last summer, my family and I went to Hawaii for a holiday!

We flew across the Pacific to the tiny island from Beijing. After we booked into a hotel, we rested. Our fun started the next day and lasted for two long weeks. During our time there, we ate delicious exotic food and drank numerous fruit juices. The Hawaiians are very proud of

their unique food, often 'spiced up' with slices of juicy pineapple and strings of delicious cheese. There were also fantastic beaches right across the tiny atoll. The water was sparkling blue and the sand dunes radiated with inviting warmth of gold. The place was wonderful and the locals were really nice; I really enjoyed my holiday. 8:中学生该不该上网

最近你们学校要举行一次“中学生该不该上网”的讨论。你是赞成者之一,认为我们不应该因噎废食。请根据下表内容写一篇发言篇。

要求:字数100词左右注意:不要逐句翻译。

益处:

1.看国内外新闻,获取信息。

2.发e-mail,打电话。

3.上网络学校,阅读各种书籍,自学外语。

4.欣赏音乐,观看体育比赛,玩棋牌等游戏,网上购物,丰富我们的生活。

5.提高我们操作电脑的能力

注意事项

1.不要沉湎于(be given to)上网以免影响生活和学习。

2.不要上不健康的网站。

参考范文:

In my opinion,the Internet is helpful rather than harmful as someone else thinks. As is known to all,the Internet is playing a more and more important part in our daily life. On the Internet,we can read news at home and from abroad and get as much information as we can. We can send e - mails or make phone calls to our family as well as to our friends. We can also attend the net school,read many books and even teach ourselves English. We can also enjoy music,watch matches and play computer games on the Internet. We can even do shopping on line. Besides,we can improve our ability to operate the computer. But we should not be given to the Internet,or we'll get our life and study destroyed. Besides,we should keep off the harmful websites. Anyhow,this doesn't prevent the Internet becoming our friend. We can't throw away the apple because of the core,can we?

范文四:冀教版英语八年级下4

新干线八年级英语

一.单项选择:(25分)

﹙ ﹚1. There _______ a thunder storm tomorrow.

A. will be B. is will be C. is will D. will have ﹙ ﹚2. The boys are reading _______.

A. in the sun B. under the sun C. below the sun D. in sun ﹙ ﹚3. _______is difficult to work out the math problem.

A. That B. This C. It D. One

﹙ ﹚4. Mr. Lee told us an interesting story yesterday. It made all of us

_______.

A. laugh B. to laugh C. laughed D. laughing ﹙ ﹚5. _______interesting news it is!

A. What an B. What C. How an D. How ﹙ ﹚6. Thank you for _______me the money.

A. lend B. to lend C. lending D. lends ﹙ ﹚7. Please don’t forget _______to me, will you?

A. to write B. to writing C. writing D. write ﹙ ﹚8. It rained _______in August last year.

A. heavily B. heavy C. big D. little ﹙ ﹚9. If it _______sunny tomorrow. I _______fishing.

A. is; go B. will be; go C. is; will go D. will be; will go ﹙ ﹚10. There are some birds _______the trees.

A. in B. on C. at D. of

﹙ ﹚11. I’ve two books, one is English, _______is Chinese.

A. other B. another C. the other D. others ﹙ ﹚12. There’s _______in today’s newspaper.

A. new nothing B. new something

C. anything new D. nothing new

﹙ ﹚13. It’s hard to keep the room ____with so many boys.

A. cleaning B. clean C. cleans D. to clean ﹙ ﹚14. Listen! Can you hear a baby _______?

A. cry B. to cry C. crying D. cries ﹙ ﹚15. _______people will visit China for the 2008 Olympics Games.

A. Million B. Millions

C. Millions of D. Million of

﹙ ﹚16. We can’ t live _______water.

A. with B. without C. use D. and

﹙ ﹚17. He is a doctor. _______am I.

A. Such B. So C. Neither D. Nor

﹙ ﹚18. Would you like _______tea?

A. some B. any C. many D. an

﹙ ﹚19. Have you ever _______a seed?

A. plant B. plants C. planting D. planted ﹙ ﹚20. The room is _______of smoke(烟).

A. full B. fill C. filling D. fulled

﹙ ﹚21. It kept ________for three days.

A.raining B.to rain C.rained D. rain

﹙ ﹚22. ——What’s _______today? ——It’s May 1st.

A. day B.date C. the day D. the date

﹙ ﹚23. Wine is _______wheat.

A. made of B. made from C. made by D. made in

﹙ ﹚24. He was born _______a cold winter evening.

A. in B. on C. at D. for

﹙ ﹚25. The boy use wood ________a boat.

A. make B. making C. made D. to make

二.完型填空,阅读下列短文,选出一个最佳答案。(10分)

Mr. White is a millionaire(百万富翁) him last month. Then she thought she was good at cooking and didn’t want Mr. Black tofor them any longer.

Now Mrs. White begins to cook for her White does not like the food at all. He says he won’tany food at home if she doesn’t stop cooking. The woman says she’ll

This morning Mr. White broke a window in a shop. They took him to policeman said, “I’m sorry to tell you, Mr. White. Or I’ll fine(罚) you ten dollars. Or you’ll stay in prison(监狱) do you want? ”“I’d rather(宁愿) stay in the prison.”“?” “Because my wife will find a new cook in ten days!”

﹙ ﹚1. A. knows B. likes C. hears D. sees ﹙ ﹚2. A. young B. strong C. good D. bad ﹙ ﹚3. A. teach B. show C. study D. fry

﹙ ﹚4. A. sing B. play C. write D. work ﹙ ﹚5. A. farm B. class C. family D. shop ﹙ ﹚6. A. read B. buy C. sell D. eat ﹙ ﹚7. A. look for B. listen to C. ask D. call

﹙ ﹚8. A. bus station B. police office C. post office D. middle school ﹙ ﹚9. A. When B. Which C. What D. Who ﹙ ﹚10. A. How B. Whose C. Where D. Why

三.阅读理解(30分)

A

Mr Smith made many tests (作试验) with different animals and the monkey was the cleverest of all the animals.

One day Mr Smith put a monkey in a room. He also put some small boxes in it. In one of the boxes there was some food.

( )1. Mr Smith made tests with __________.

A. different animals

B. the monkey only

C. all the monkeys

D. all of the cleverest animals

( )2. There was some food in _______ of the small boxes.

A. some B. none C. one D. each

( )3. Mr Smith put a monkey and some boxes in a room because he wanted

to know___________.

A. how much food monkey could find

B. how many boxes the monkey could carry

C. how long it would take the monkey to put its eye to the keyhole

D. how long it would take the monkey to find the food

( )4. What was the monkey doing when Mr Smith was putting his eye to

the keyhole?

A. The monkey was eating food.

B. The monkey was looking for food.

C. The monkey was eating on the other side of the door.

D. The monkey was looking at Mr Smith through the keyhole.

( )5. Mr Smith is a ________.

A. teacher B. scientist (科学家)

C. doctor D. farm worker

B

Once there lived an old man in a town. He always forgot a lot of things. So his wife always had to say to him,“Don't forget this.”

One day he went on a long way alone. Before he left home,his wife said,“Now you have all these things. You need them on your way. Take care of your things on the way.”He went to the station. He bought a ticket and got on the train with it.

About an hour later,the conductor(售票员) began to see the tickets. He came to the old man and said,“Will you please show me your ticket?”The old man looked for his ticket in all his pockets but he could not find it. He was very worried. “I can't find my ticket. I really bought a ticket before I got on the train,”said the old man.

“I think you are right. I believe you bought a ticket. All right,you don't have to buy another ticket,”said the conductor kindly. But the old man still(仍然) looked worried and said sadly,“You don't know why I'm worried. If I don't find my ticket,I can't remember my station. Where am I going? ”

( )6. The old man bought a ticket _______.

A. after he got on the train

B. before he got on the train

C. when the conductor told him to buy one

D. when he found he had no ticket with him

( )7. About an hour later,the conductor began _______.

A. to buy the tickets

B. to look for the tickets

C. to check(检查) the tickets

D. to show the tickets

( )8. The conductor told the old man that he didn't need to buy another

ticket because _________.

A. the man was very old

B. he thought the old man had no money with him

C. the old man showed him the ticket

D. he believed the old man

( )9. The old man still looked worried because _________.

A. he couldn't get on the train.

B. he lost his ticket and a lot of money

C. he thought his wife would get angry with him

D. he forgot where he was going

范文五:新冀教版八年级英语下册lesson14教学设计

Book Four Unit3 Animal Are Our Friends

Lesson 14 Amazing Animals教学设计

一. 教材分析

本单元主要围绕“动物”展开话题。教材展示给学生四种有趣的动物,为学生创设了了解动物、描述动物的情境。学生学习用英语介绍动物,从而激发其喜爱动物、热爱自然的情怀。

二. 教学目标

1.掌握词汇: mouse, lay, shake, avoid, 短语:be famous for, up to 接触词汇: long-eared, jerboa, kiwi, long-nosed, eggplant, flap

2.语言技能:能抓住动物的特征进行介绍。

3.教学重点、难点:

注意动物描写的几个角度

用准确的语言描述一种动物

4.情感态度:

⑴ 激发学生热爱动物的情怀

⑵ 激发学生学习英语的兴趣。

三. 学生准备:

了解一种自己喜爱的有趣的动物,熟悉其特点,准备为同学们作介绍。

四.教学准备:

多媒体、听力音频

五.教学步骤:

范文六:冀教版英语八年级下册教学计划

冀教版英语八年级下册教学计划

一、“英语课程标准”为宗旨,适应新课程改革的需要,面向全体学生,提高学生的人文素养,增强实践能力和创新精神。正确把握英语学科特点,积极倡导合作探究的学习方式。培养学生积极地情感态度和正确的人生价值观,提高学生综合素质为学生全面发展和终身发展奠定基础。

二、英语教学总目标

学生应有较明确的英语学习动机和积极主动的学习态度。能听懂教师对有关熟悉话题的陈述并能参与讨论。能读懂七至八年级学生阅读的简单读物和报纸杂志,克服生词障碍,理解大意。能根据阅读目的运用适当的阅读策略。能与他人合作,解决问题并报告结果,共同完成学习任务。能在学习中互相帮助,克服困难。能合理计划和安排学习任务,积极探索适合自己的学习方法。在学习和日常交际中能注意到中外文化的差异。

三.教材简要分析

《冀教版英语》八年级(下册),全书共有八个单元,另两个复习单元。本教材各单元话题灵活,贴近生活实际。本册书将学习到的一些语法知识点有:一般将来时、过去进行时、现在完成时、间接引语、时间状语从句、条件状语从句、反意疑问句等。同时每个单元后都提供了一篇阅读文章,用以训练学生的阅读能力,扩大学生的阅读量。

四、学情简要分析

本人担任初二年级2个教学班。通过初中一年半的英语学习,大多数学生已能听懂有关熟悉话题的语段和简短的故事。能与教师或同学就熟悉的话题交换信息。能读懂短篇故事,能写便条和简单的书信。但由于各种因素的影响,学生发展参差不齐。有少数学生因为基础不够好,学习很吃力而自暴自弃,有的因此扰乱课堂纪律,这给教学带来不少困难。

五、提高教学质量的可行措施及教改措施

一、面向全体学生,注重素质教育。

二、以学生为主体,尊重学生个体差异。

三、采用活动途径,倡导体验与参与。

四、开发课程资源,拓展学用渠道。

1.认真专研教材和课标,精心备课,认真上好每一堂课。确定每堂课的基础内容,预备内容和拓展内容,满足不同层次学生的不同需求。

2.充分利用现有的现代化教学设备,加强直观教学,提高课堂效率。

3.多与学生沟通,了解学生学习状况和需求,及时改进教学中存在的问题和不足。

4.积极开展丰富多彩的英语活动,提高学生兴趣。如英语演讲比赛、单词听写比赛、朗读比赛、英语手抄报比赛、学唱英文歌曲,课前五分钟活动等。

5.注重个别辅导,在面向全体学生的基础上,培优补差。

6.不断学习,加强自身素质和业务能力的提高。

六.教学进度安排

unit 1 6课时 第一周----第三周

unit 2 5课时 第三周---第四周

unit 3 5课时 第五周---第六周

unit 4 5课时 第六周---第七周

unit 5 6课时 第七周---第八周

review and mid-test 5课时 第九周

unit 6 5课时 第十周------第十二周

unit 7 5课时 第十二周---第十三周

unit 8 5课时 第十三周---第十四周冀教版英语八年级下册教学计划

一、“英语课程标准”为宗旨,适应新课程改革的需要,面向全体学生,提高学生的人文素养,增强实践能力和创新精神。正确把握英语学科特点,积极倡导合作探究的学习方式。培养学生积极地情感态度和正确的人生价值观,提高学生综合素质为学生全面发展和终身发展奠定基础。

二、英语教学总目标

学生应有较明确的英语学习动机和积极主动的学习态度。能听懂教师对有关熟悉话题的陈述并能参与讨论。能读懂七至八年级学生阅读的简单读物和报纸杂志,克服生词障碍,理解大意。能根据阅读目的运用适当的阅读策略。能与他人合作,解决问题并报告结果,共同完成学习任务。能在学习中互相帮助,克服困难。能合理计划和安排学习任务,积极探索适合自己的学习方法。在学习和日常交际中能注意到中外文化的差异。

三.教材简要分析

《冀教版英语》八年级(下册),全书共有八个单元,另两个复习单元。本教材各单元话题灵活,贴近生活实际。本册书将学习到的一些语法知识点有:一般将来时、过去进行时、现在完成时、间接引语、时间状语从句、条件状语从句、反意疑问句等。同时每个单元后都提供了一篇阅读文章,用以训练学生的阅读能力,扩大学生的阅读量。

四、学情简要分析

本人担任初二年级2个教学班。通过初中一年半的英语学习,大多数学生已能听懂有关熟悉话题的语段和简短的故事。能与教师或同学就熟悉的话题交换信息。能读懂短篇故事,能写便条和简单的书信。但由于各种因素的影响,学生发展参差不齐。有少数学生因为基础不够好,学习很吃力而自暴自弃,有的因此扰乱课堂纪律,这给教学带来不少困难。

五、提高教学质量的可行措施及教改措施

一、面向全体学生,注重素质教育。

二、以学生为主体,尊重学生个体差异。

三、采用活动途径,倡导体验与参与。

四、开发课程资源,拓展学用渠道。

1.认真专研教材和课标,精心备课,认真上好每一堂课。确定每堂课的基础内容,预备内容和拓展内容,满足不同层次学生的不同需求。

2.充分利用现有的现代化教学设备,加强直观教学,提高课堂效率。

3.多与学生沟通,了解学生学习状况和需求,及时改进教学中存在的问题和不足。

4.积极开展丰富多彩的英语活动,提高学生兴趣。如英语演讲比赛、单词听写比赛、朗读比赛、英语手抄报比赛、学唱英文歌曲,课前五分钟活动等。

5.注重个别辅导,在面向全体学生的基础上,培优补差。

6.不断学习,加强自身素质和业务能力的提高。

六.教学进度安排

unit 1 6课时 第一周----第三周

unit 2 5课时 第三周---第四周

unit 3 5课时 第五周---第六周

unit 4 5课时 第六周---第七周

unit 5 6课时 第七周---第八周

review and mid-test 5课时 第九周

unit 6 5课时 第十周------第十二周

unit 7 5课时 第十二周---第十三周

unit 8 5课时 第十三周---第十四周

范文七:八年级冀教版英语下册第三单元教案

八年级英语 学科新课程有效教学导学案

八年级英语 学科新课程有效教学导学案

八年级英语 学科新课程有效教学导学案

八年级英语 学科新课程有效教学导学案

八年级英语 学科新课程有效教学导学案

八年级英语 学科新课程有效教学导学案

八年级英语 学科新课程有效教学导学案

八年级英语 学科新课程有效教学导学案

Uit3 Exercise

GROUP

I.根据句意及首字母的提示写出适当的单词。

1. He is very l_______. He often does nothing.

2. Doctors say he is out of d _________now.

3. China has a long h_________ in the world.

4. Last year, I k________ one cat as my pet.

5. Today is April Fools’ Day. Let’s play a j_______ on someone today

for the Great Wall.

all kinds of animals.

8. It’s five to twelve ,it’’s have lunch.

some photos of monkeys in the zoo last week.

II.英汉互译

1.处于危险之中2.取笑某人与...玩耍

4.减速 慢行5.对...感到惊讶6.think of

9.makefriends with

III.用所给词的适当形式填空

1. Don’t keep him ____________ (wait ) outside the door.

2. What’s your _________ ( pet ) name ?

3. I saw a child __________ (lie) under the tall tree.

4. She _____________(watch) TV at 8 last night.

5. It’s easy ____________ (make) friends with him

6. If it ____________ (not rain) tomorrow, I’ll go to Shanghai.

7. One of my favourite subjects __________ (be) math.

(do) his homework.

( read)in the sun.

(surprise ) to see these strange things.

IV.过去进行时专项练习。

(listen ) to the radio when his friend called her.

2. What (do) at 9:00last night?

(do) his homework this time yesterday.

4. (cook) dinner.

5.

V.单项选择题

(A)选择合适的填空.

( ) 1.--Must I finish the work today ?

-- No, you____. You ______finish it tomorrow.

A. mustn’t ; must B. needn’t ;may C. can’t; may D.don’t ;must

( ) 2.Nothing can _____ us from _____ hard.

A. stop;work B.stopping; workingC.stop;working D.stop; works

( ) 3.Schools should ____ children _____ any danger.

A. protect; off B. protect; away C. protect; of D. protect; from

( )4. We have no lessons tis afternoon, let’s go _____.

A. somewhere B. anywhere C. everywhere D. nowhere

( ) 5. Li Hong is a good girl , I want to with her.

A. make friend B.makes friends C. Make friends D. Making a friend

( ) 6.Tom is sleeping in class again. Lucy, A. wake him up B. wake up him C. Wake her up D. Wake him up

( A. name B. named C.names D.naming

( )8.Stop the students .It’s time for class .

A. run B. Runs C.running D. To run

( )9. He is very . So when he answers questions in class, his face

usually turns red.

A. lazy B. shy C, mad D. scared

( )10. Don't drive so fast. Please

A. slow up B. slow down C. be quick D. fast up

VI.翻译句子.

1. Why can’t we _________ __________?(不能拍照)

2. We don’t want to _______ them _______ .(不想使他们发疯)

3. They visit _____ _____ of animals. (各种各样的动物)

4. Don’t ______ ______ fire. It’s dangerous.(不要玩火)

5. Chinese people ______ ________ rice.(以大米为主食)

VII. 完形填空(10分)阅读下列短文,从各小题四个选项中选出最佳答案。 is Mimi. She is very beautiful. Her is black and yellow. She has four children. So I have five cats. She is Mimi very much. The biggest one is quite black. , black and yellow. My daughter says, “Aren’t they beautiful? Can I have the black and white one? Isn’t he a tomcat(雄猫)?” I say, “I don’t know, but I know the yellow and black ones are females(雌性).” “Are they? How do you know?” “they are yellow

( ) 1. A. plants B. friends C. books D. animals

( ) 2. A. friends B. pets C. teachers D. members

( ) 3. A. food B. name C. house D. furniture

( ) 4. A. head B. leg C. hair D. feet

( ) 5. A. family B. boys C. girls D. babies

( ) 6. A. like B. by C. love D. with

( ) 7. A. Other B. Others C. It D. The others

( ) 8. A. brother B. sister C. mother D. father

( )9. A. So B. But C. Because D. Then

( )10. A. leg B. foot C. ear D. Colour

VIII.句型转换(10)

1. It is a good idea to give food to the animals .(改为同义句)

zoo animals food is a good idea.

2. What does the sign say? You should remember that.(合为一句) You should remember the sign 3. I think he’ll be the best player in his team .(改为否定句)

the best player in his team .

4. They were playing football when I went to see them yesterday..(改为一般

疑问句)

5. ’Day.(对划线部分提问)

April Fools’Day?

Unit3 Amazing Animals (作文训练)

Sample1:

Rabbits

I love rabbits very much, because they are always submissive and lovely. Rabbits have red eyes which make them look cute. Their hair feels soft and their long ears always make me think that they are clever.

Once I owned a rabbit at home. I looked after it every day and loved it very much. But one day it fell down the floor and died. I missed it so much that when I heard something about the rabbits, there was a lovely and smart guy jumping in front of my eyes.

Questions:

1. Why does the writer love rabbits?

_____________________________________

2. What colour do rabbits have?

_____________________________________

3. What happened to the writer’s rabbit?

______________________________________

Sample2

Dogs

As is known to all, dogs are human’s best friends, they can be our cute pet too, so many people like them very much.

The little dogs are very adorable. Some just have dogs for pleasure, and they even build house for their dogs.

The dogs are human's best friends, for example. Some dogs are trained to catch bandits; some are able to guard our home. And if you are police, the dogs can be very helpful in many fields, because they have acute sense of smell. Moreover, if you walk the dogs outdoors at night, you will not feel afraid. Questions:

1. Are the dogs human’s best friends?

_____________________________________

2. Why are the dogs human’s best friends?

_____________________________________

Summary:

How do you describe a pet or animals?

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

一、重点词组

1. play with与„„一起玩;拿„„来玩

2. slow down 慢下来

3. come from = be from 来自

4. all kinds of 各种各样的 ;

different kinds of 不同种类的;

a kind of 一种

5. protect sb. /sth. against/ from sth. 保护、保卫某人/某事物不受„„的侵害。

6. go extinct 灭绝

7. stop sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事(在主动语态中from可以省略,

在被动语态中from不可以省略)

8. make friends with 与„„交朋友

9. take photos of …给某人照相

10. wake up 醒来

11. have a good day 玩的愉快

12. play a joke on …开某人的玩笑,戏弄某人;

have a joke with sb. 与某人一起以某事取笑;

make a joke about/of sb./sth. 拿某人(某事)开玩笑

13. stand still 一动不动地站着

14. get out of 除外走动;

get out of sth./doing sth.逃避(责任或义务),不做份内的事,(使某人)放弃、停止或戒除(习惯等)

15. be famous / well-known for 以„„著名,以„„闻名;

be famous as 著名的„„

16. get married 结婚

二、词语辨析

1. through ,across穿过

through 指“从里面(中心)穿过”,其含义与in有关,尤指森林、人群等。

across 指“从表面通过”,其含义与on有关

2. nearly , almost 几乎,差不多

almost 表达的程度比nearly更接近一些。

nearly不能用于修饰否定词,但可被not修饰。

3. above , over 在„„上方

above 是介词,表“在„„上方”,“比„„还高”,与below相反。

over 也有“在„„上方”的意思,但是它着重指正上方,或盖在上面的意思,而above 并不强调在正上方。

三、语法

The Past Continuous Tense(过去进行时态)

一、概念和用法:

1) 概念:表示过去某时正在进行的状态或动作。

2) 过去进行时的主要用法是描述一件事发生的背景;一个长动作发生的时候,另一个短动作发生。

3) 常用的时间状语this morning, the whole morning, all day yesterday, from nine to ten last evening, when, while例如:

We were watching TV from seven to nine last night. 昨天晚上七点到九点的时候我们在看电视。

It was raining when they left the station. 他们离开车站的时候天正在下雨。

二、 过去进行时可以表示在过去某个时间点发生的事情。时间点可以用介词短语、副词或从句来表示。如:

What was she doing at nine o´clock yesterday? 昨天晚上九点她在做什么? (介词短语表示时间点)

When I saw him he was decorating his room. 当我看见他的时候他正在装饰房间。 (when从句表示时间点)

三、 在复合句中,如果主要动作和背景动作都是延续的或同时发生的,那么主从句的动词都可用过去进行时。例如:

While he was waiting for the bus, he was reading a newspaper.他边等车边看报。 (两个动作都是延续的)

He was cleaning his car while I was cooking. 他擦车时我在做饭。(两个动作同时进行)

四、 通常不能用于过去进行时的动词主要有:agree, be, believe, belong, care, forget, hate, have(拥有), hear, know, like, love, mean, mind, notice, own, remember, seem, suppose, understand, want, wish等。例如:

过去进行时

(一)定义:过去进行时,是表示过去某个具体时刻正在进行的事情或动作。

(二)结构: was/were +doing (现在分词)

(三)用法:

1、过去进行时表示过去某段时间内持续进行的动作或者事情。常用的时间状语this morning, the whole morning, all day yesterday, from nine to ten last evening, when, while例如:

We were watching TV from seven to nine last night.

What was he researching all day last Sunday?

My brother fell while he was riding his bicycle and hurt himself. It was raining when they left the station.

When I got to the top of the mountain, the sun was shining.

2. 过去进行时可以表示在过去某个时间点发生的事情。时间点可以用介词短语、副词或从句来表示。如:

What was she doing at nine o'clock yesterday?

When I saw him he was decorating his room.

3.在复合句中,如果主要动作和背景动作都是延续的或同时发生的,那么主从句的动词都可用过去进行时。例如:

While he was waiting for the bus, he was reading a newspaper. He was cleaning his car while I was cooking.

4.通常不能用于过去进行时的动词主要有:agree, be, believe,

belong, care, forget, hate, have(拥有), hear, know, like, love, mean,

mind, notice, own, remember, seem, suppose, understand, want, wish等。

典型例题:

1) Mary ___ a dress when she cut her finger.

A. made B. is making C. was making D. makes

2) As she ___ the newspaper, Granny ___ asleep.

A. read; was falling B. was reading; fell C. was reading; was falling D. read; fell

(四)过去进行时和一般过去时的区别

1.一般过去时叙述旧事,过去进行时描述背景。

A、一般过去时

1)叙述过去状态、动作或事件

He went to Beijing the other day.(带具体时间)

2)表示过去的习惯

3)表示过去的经历,平行动作,依此事件用一般过去时。 He sat there and listened to the radio. (依此发生)

4)表示客气委婉的语气,用于情态动词,助动词和want , wonder , hope 等

How did you like the film? / Could you help me?

B. 过去进行时

-表示在过去某阶段或某一时刻正在发生

What were you doing at 8:30 last night? (过去某时刻正在发生)

-短暂性动词用过去进行时表示按计划、打算

During that time he was going with us.(表示打算)

-与always ,often ,usually 等连用表喜爱,讨厌等感情色彩。 He was always Changing his mind.

2、过去进行时与一般过去时的区别

A. 进行时表某一行为的“片断”一般时表示行为的“整体”和存在的状态。

I was reading the book at that time. (未读完,“读”的片段)

I read the book yesterday. (已读完,表整个“读”)

B、一般持续时间状语多与进行时连用

It was raining all night.(优先用was raining ,rained 为持续动词,故也可使用)

He was writing a letter the whole of afternoon. (短暂动词与持续时间连用,表反复,连续发生,不可用一般过去时)

C、while 时间状语从句中用短暂动词时只能用进行时。

例:He broke a chair while he was jumping up and down.

D、While 所在主从句动作大致持续相等时主从句一般都用进行时,但若是持续动词可都用一般过去时,两个动作一长一短时短的用一般时,长的用进行时。

I was cooking the dinner while he was playing the piano.(平行)

I cooked the dinner while he played the piano. I saw him while I was walking to the station. 过去进行时专项练习。

1. ( listen ) to the radio when his friend called her.

2. What (do) at 9:00last night?

3. (do) his homework this time yesterday.

4. (cook) dinner.

5.

范文八:英语冀教版教材八年级下册

英语冀教版教材八年级下册

Unit 6 Connect (lesson 45 Wang Mei’s First E-mail) 说课稿

一、说教材

1、教材的地位及作用

本课选自英语冀教版教材八年级下册第六单元。第六单元标题为“Connect”,通过本单元的学习,学生能够听懂有关电脑方面的简单句子,听懂现在完成时和过去完成时的句子,能就电脑的使用用英语进行简单的问答,能根据所读内容写出一些有关电脑方面的句子和短文。本课标题为“Wang Mei’s First E-mail”,通过本课的学习,学生能够掌握英语打电话的用语,并且能够理解电子邮件的内容,掌握电子邮件的基本格式,能根据所学内容写一封电子邮件。

2、教学目标(知识目标,能力目标,情感目标,学习策略目标)

教学大纲指出要从英语学科的特点出发,激发培养学生的爱好,帮助学生树立学习英语的信心,克服学习中产生的畏惧和困难,建立语感,把握语言基本知识和技能。

(1) 知识目标

a:掌握词汇及短语:till, yet, problem, advantage, disadvantage

b:掌握句子:

I’m sorry, but he isn’t here right now. Can I take a message for you?

Please wait a moment /minute.

c:巩固语法:现在完成时态的表达及运用。

(2) 能力目标

a:利用自己已有的知识经验和教师提出的问题对课文内容进行理解,从而掌握新的知识以达到提高阅读能力的目的。

b:能就电脑的使用,用英语进行简单的问答。

c:能根据所学内容,写一封电子邮件。

(3) 情感目标

a:通过形象,生动的教学使学生能较好地保持浓厚的学习兴趣和较高的学习动机。

b:通过教师所创设的情境,使学生能积极主动地用英语进行表达和交流。

(4) 学习策略目标

a: 能意识到自己的语言表达错误并自觉纠正。

b: 能积极主动地创造学英语的机会。

c: 善于抓住用英语进行表达和交流的机会。

确立教学目标的依据

根据英语课程标准规定通过听、说、读、写的训练,使学生获得英语基础知识和为交际初步运用英语的能力,激发学生的学习兴趣,为进一步学习打好初步的基础。此外,根据我国国情和外语教学大纲的要求,现阶段外语教学的素质教育主要包括思想素质教育,目的语素质教育,潜在外语能力的培养和非智力因素的培养等四方面。

3、重点与难点

(1) 重点:学习并掌握英语打电话的用语。

(2) 难点:训练学生的阅读理解能力和写作能力。

确立重点与难点的依据:

根据课程标准的要求,及本课在教材中所处的地位。

二、说教法

为了更好地突出重点,突破难点,我主要采用了:

1. 任务型教学法:学习语言的最终目的就是运用,所以在教学过程中为学生创

设语言环境,积极运用语言。

2. 听、说教学法:通过听录音让学生进行模拟练习,不仅是单词和句子,更是

语音和语调。

3. 竞赛教学法:根据初中生争强好胜的性格特征,将学生分为若干组,让各组

内进行两两对话,激发了学生的学习兴趣,给学生创造外语语言氛围,巩固复习知识。

三、说学法

遵循“教为主导,学为主体,练为主线”的教育思想,但教师又要因人而异,对不同能力水平的学生给予不同的要求,从而达到共同进步的目标。

四、说流程

Step 1:组织讨论“Think About It!”中的前两个问题,起到一个热身的作用。 Step 2:听录音,让学生理解文章大意,训练学生的听力。

Step 3:阅读课文,把握新单词、重要词组和重要句型。

Step 4:再次听录音,回答“Think About It!”中的第三个问题。

Step 5:教师创设一个打电话的情境让学生分角色朗读对话内容,该情境可使学

生兴趣盎然地投入到学习中去,提高了学习效率。

Step 6:将学生分成若干组,推选组内两名代表上台表演对话内容,通过竞赛,选出获胜组,这样既锻炼了学生的口语能力,又巩固了所学知识。

Step 7:学生再次阅读课文,理解电子邮件的内容,掌握电子邮件的格式。 Step 8:利用学生掌握的电子邮件的格式,让学生尝试给Danny 写一封电子邮件,从而达到学以致用的目的。

Step 9:作业布置。为了巩固课堂上所学知识给学生布置课外作业:

1. 两人一组,创设一个打电话的情境,编写一段对话,用上打电话的习惯 用语。

2. 继续完成写给Danny 的电子邮件。

五、板书设计

Lesson 45

Wang Mei’s First E-mail

take a message for sb. 为某人带口信

wait a moment /minute 稍等一会儿

wait for sb. 等待某人

范文九:20142015学年冀教版八年级英语下册《Unit

英语八年级下翼教版Unit 7 Know Our World教案

一. 教学内容:

Unit 7 Know Our World

1. 单词和短语

n. France England Spain Greece Britain European German Italian Greek the Alps sea the Caspian Sea the Volga River Moscow

interview

v. ring ring up interview

adj. major

prep. on

2. 语法

(1)人口的提问与回答

(2)国家的名词与形容词

(3)不定代词的用法

3. 语言目标

(1)What’s the population of …?

(2)Have you ever been abroad?

二. 教学重点、难点:

1. on关于;论及。如;a lesson on history历史课

辨析:表示“关于”的on, about

(1)on表示严肃的或学术性的。是供专门研究用的。如:

a book on medicine.一本关于医学方面的书

(2)about表示内容较普通,不太正式的。如:

a book for children about Africa and its people

一本供儿童阅读的关于非洲和非洲人的书

2. differently adv.不同地。修饰动词,作状语。如:

He says something a little differently from us.

他说的一些事情和我们的不一样。

(1)different不同的。在句中作定语或表语。如:

Different trees bear different fruits什么样的树结什么样的果。

(2)difference n. 差异,差别。如: Paris the Triumphal Arch province

There are some differences between the two languages.

这两种语言之间有许多不同之处

3. This is Li Ming speaking. 我是李明。

这是打电话常用语。表达“我是……”。一般不说“I am”,而说:This is。

(1)“你是谁?”可表达为:Who’s that…(speaking)?

(2)“您是……吗?”可表达为:Is that…(speaking)?

4. What can I do for you… 我能为您做点什么……?

相似的表达法:

Can I help you? 我能帮你的忙吗?

Can I do anything for you? 我能为你做点什么?

5. Would you please help me? 的意思是“请问你能帮助我吗?”它是Will you help me?的另一种变化形式。两者的区别是前者比后者在语气上更加显得委婉,客气。它们常被用来向对方提出一个请求。如:

Would you open the door? 你打开门好吗?

Will you take the book out? 你能把书带出去吗?

6. some一些

(1)可与复数名词及不可数名词连用。

(2)当做“某一”解释时,也可与单数名词连用。(-a certain)。如:

You will be sorry for this some day. 总有一天,你会为这件事后悔的。

A certain(some)person has seen you break the rule. 有人看到你违反规定了。

7. sea名词,意为“海洋,大海,大湖,大浪”。如:

I like to see the sea. 我喜欢看大海。

The sea looks very beautiful. 大海看起来很漂亮。

由sea构成的短语

(1)at sea表示在“茫茫大海上”,意指“离海岸很远”。如:

They had first met at sea. 他们在海上航行时首次见面。

(2)all at sea引申为“茫然不知所措”之意。如:

I’m all at sea. I can’t understand that problem. 我一片茫然,无法理解那个问题。

(3)by sea经海路

(4)by the sea在海边

8. fill in填写,填充,填上

范文十:冀教版八年级英语下册作文荟萃

Compositions :

(I)

好学生的标准是什么?考试成绩的高低是唯一的标准吗?大家都来说说看!请先回答下列调查表中的问题 (划∨),然后以What is a good student ? 为题,用英语写一篇短文,表达自己的观点。

What is a good student ?

In my opinion , a good student should be hard-working first . If we don’t study , how can we do something for the society in the future ? Then I think a good student should be helpful and friendly to others . If he is not welcome in the class , he’ll be lonely . And also I think a good student should not only be good at study but also do other things well , or he can’t enjoy a colourful life . At last , I’m sure everyone wants to be a good student .

(II )

Mobile phones use among children has become a problem for school these years . Teachers say mobile phone use is a distraction (分心的事 ) to students during school hours and it also gives teachers so much trouble in their class . Some parents are unhappy if the school bans (禁止) students from using mobile phones because they can’t get in touch with their children .

针对以上观点之一,请你谈谈你的看法和体会,并适当提出解决办法。词数在100 左右。

Students should be not allowed to use mobile phone

Mobile phones are used among children these days . Teachers think students shouldn’t use mobile phones , but some parents don’t think so .

In my opinion, students shouldn’t be allowed to take their mobile phones to school . It’s a distraction to students during school hours and it also gives teachers so much trouble in their classrooms . On the one hand ,sometimes students might use phone messages to cheat during exams . On the other hand , mobile phones are easy to lose . I think there should be enough phone boxes at school so that it’s convenient for the students to make phone calls . And it’s easy for parents to get in touch with their children .

(III)

你的家乡一定很美丽, 不知你是否留心过你的家乡的春,夏,秋,冬?请

你用英语简单的描写你的家乡的四季。

要求 : 1.70 个词 2. 题目自拟 The four seasons in my hometown

My hometown is beautiful . White clouds can be seen in the blue sky . Each housework . Then I watched TV . At 9:00 I went to bed . I was very tired . It was a really good day . Jim

(Ⅴ) My favourite plant

season is like a beautiful picture . When spring comes , the whole world turns green . Flowers come out , the rivers run happily .Birds are singing everyone happily . In winter, Snow covers the top of the mountains . My hometown is colourful all the year round . I really love my hometown.

(Ⅳ)

一年之计在于春。孩子们喜欢在春季里进行户外活动,有的喜欢登山,有的喜欢放风筝,有的喜欢春游,请你以Jim 的身份结合自己的生活实际写一篇日记。 March 12

It was a fine day and it was warm . Lily and I went to the Dongshan Park .It is about 2 kilometres away from my home . So we decided to

go there by bike . We set off at 8 o’clock . At 8:30 ,we arrived there . First we climbed up the top of the hill and saw our beautiful city . At noon we saw some animals there . All the people love them . In the afternoon we were flying kites .

When the sun set , we went home . I helped my mother do some My favourite plant is lucky bamboo . I have loved it since my mother bought me one . It is always green and easy to plant . It also brings me more fresh air and makes my room looks nicer .

At first, I thought if I could give it enough water , it would grow quickly . However , two weeks later , I found the leaves were still the same size as when I got it . I asked my grandma why . She said that the lucky bamboo needs a lot of sunshine .

I moved it to my desk by the window at once . Now it is growing bigger and stronger .

(Ⅵ)请以“Why do we need plants ?” 为题写一篇短文,要求句子通顺 。不少于70 个词。

Why do we need plants ? Trees help clean the air . They give us food like apples ,bananas and oranges. We can make and build things with trees – like chairs ,beds and houses ! We can sit under the tree in the shade in

summer . Plants cover the soil . Then the wind and water don’t carry

the soil away . All plants take energy from the sun and make it into food . People and other animals need the food to live . Plants are so (VIII) Plant a plant

Jenny planted a seed in a box . She watered it well . She put it outside important , so we need plants .

(Ⅶ)请根据以下提示,以How to plant vegetables in winter ?为题写以个须知

提示:1.a greenhouse,build ,be made of glass ,plastic(塑料) , 2.10 metres long 5 metres wide ,2.5 metres high 3. make sure , sunshine , stop„from„; 4. air , keep fresh

How to plant vegetables in winter ?

1.We must build a green house first .It should be made neither of wood nor of earth .It must be made of glass or plastic .

2.We must build the greenhouse large enough for vegetables . It will be 10 metres long ,5 metres wide and 2.5 metres high .

3.Make sure that the sunshine can reach the vegetables through the glass . The glass can stop the wind and the cold air from getting in the greenhouse .

4. The air in the greenhouse should always be kept fresh then the vegetables can grow very fast in it . We can eat all kinds of fresh vegetables in winter .

in the sun because the plant needed the sunlight . The seed sprouted a few days later . And soon , it grew a stem and some leaves . Its stem and leaves were green . Then a flower grew at the top of it .The flower was red and beautiful .She was very happy .She took some photos and showed them to her friends . They were all very happy .

(Ⅸ) Why should we protect wild animals ?

We know there are many endangered wild animals in the world ,such

as tigers and pandas.

When people cut down forests, tigers and pandas have no place to live

in . And also people

killed wild animals for their fur .

We aren’t alone in the world .We human beings couldn’t live

without the plants and animals around us . So we must protect all kinds of rare animals in danger .

We must do something to stop someone killing wild animals . And

we can plant more trees

and let them live in a quiet environment .

(Ⅹ) 根据提示,写一篇小短文。80 个词 。

我们该如何保护我们的家园-地球呢?

1.动物是我们的朋友,保护它们是我们的义务; 2.我们应该保护环境,绿化环境,保护植物,树木等。 3.谈谈你的想法。

The earth that we live on is our home . We should love it and protect it carefully . Animals are our friends . It is our duty to take care of them and save the endangered animals.The earth

is a green planet .We need to plant more trees . What’s more , we should keep the Earth clean . We shouldn’t pollute it .Polluted water isn’t allowed to pour into rivers ,lakes or

seas . We’d better try not to drive cars and try to ride bikes . Recycling something used is necessary . Let’s try to protect our home – the Earth.

(XI)

Yesterday the students of Class Three, Grade Eight had a discussion about whether people should keep animals in zoos . Fifteen students think that people should keep animals in zoos so that people can see many different kinds of animals in zoos . Also , zoos can help to protect the animals .Twenty-four students think that people shouldn’t keep animals in zoos . Because if

people keep the animals in cages,the animals can’t move freely . Besides ,the animals like living naturally .

(XII) My favourite pet

要点: 1. Something about my pet dog ;

Age : two years old Looks ; long and white fur , big black eyes ,two

kilograms heavy

2. likes : running and chasing cats and birds

How to look after the pet : feed him everyday , take him to exercise in the park in the afternoon .

My favourite pet

My favourite pet is a dog . He is two years old . His fur is long and white. He has big black eyes.His nose can smell well . He weighs about two kilograms .

My dog is very friendly . I feed him everyday . I often take him to

exercise in the park

in the afternoon .He likes running and chasing cats and birds . I

think he is the cleverest animal of all .

(VIII)四单元实验 Last Monday Tom and I did an experiment . Tom put

some water into a jar and then put a cardboard on top of the

jar .Tom put his hand on the cardboard and turned

the jar upside down quickly . I thought the water will go out of the

jar .

But to my surprise , when Tom took of his hand , the cardboard held

Travelling

Travelling is a very good activity .When you feel tired after

work and you are free ,you can go to a beautiful place to enjoy the water in .

Tom explained that the force of the air was strong enough to hold the

water .

From this experiment I know science is very interesting . I must work hard at science . I want to be a scientist when I grow up .

外籍教师Richard 想了解一下你所在班级学生的到校方式。假如你是李华,请以“The way I go to school”为 向Richard 介绍自己的到校方式。

The way I go to school

I’m Li Hua . I go to school on foot . I have several reasons for that .

First , my home is near my school, only about two kilometers . It takes me about 20 minutes to get there .Second ,walking to school is a kind of exercise . It’s good for my health .Third,there are many trees along the road , I like to walk under the trees . That makes me happy . So I prefer going to school on foot . It’s really a good choice .

the beauty of nature. You can breathe fresh air, and make some friends.But sometimes , it is not a good thing . The weather often changes . You may be caught in the rain and if you aren’t careful , you may catch a cold . You’d better prepare yourself before the trip starts .For example , what transportation do you need to take ? And you should know what the weather is like . You’d better find a companion , so that you can help each other .

每年,世界上汽车的数量都在递增, 它给别人提供便利的同时,也给人们带

来危害。环境被污染,每年有许多人

在交通事故中丧生,死于交通事故中的人数比死于战争的人数还要多, 我们

应该时刻把安全放在第一位,遵守

交通规则。

There are more and more cars in the world every year . It is easy

for people to travel by car .But it also causes problems. Many people are killed in the traffic accidents .People killed in accidents are more than those killed in the war .We should always put safety first and obey the traffic rules .

The most useful invention – computer with them . In a word , the Internet has made our life more colourful .

In the past few years , more and more inventions have come into our 随着科学的进步,拥有一台电脑已经不是什么稀罕的事情,电脑给我们带life . I think computer

is one of the most useful inventions .

We live in the “computer age” . Computers are used in many fields . They are very important .Because they are faster and make no

mistakes .Computers can help people do a lot of work. Writers use them to write . Teachers use them to help teaching . They are also used by

children for studying .Computers can remember what you put into them . Computers are very useful and helpful in our life .They have changed

our life and improved the quality of people’s life .They are our friends . I think everyone wants to have one .

On the Internet

The Internet is becoming more and more important in our daily life . On the Internet , we can learn news from all over the world . We can

also send messages by e-mail, make telephone calls , read different kinds of books and learn foreign languages by ourselves . Besides ,we can listen to music ,enjoy movies and watch sports matches . playing chess or cards on the Internet is also very interesting . On the Internet ,we can even do shopping , chat with others and make friends

来了不少帮助,但也给我们带来了一些 不良影响,请你谈谈你对这个问题的看法。

A computer can help us do a lot of work . For example ,it is very easy to write with a computer .we need not worry about our handwriting

anymore . A computer can also help us with our lessons . But I don’t think it is good for us to play computer games too much . If we do that ,

we will not have enough time for studying and sleeping . It is not good for our eyes , either .

请根据以下提示写一篇小短文,词数80-100 1.不同国家的人喜欢吃不同的食物。中国人喜欢吃饺子和面食,意大利人喜欢吃比萨饼,日本人喜欢吃生鱼片,而 美国的快餐闻名于世;

2.不同国家的人用不同的方式吃东西。中国人用筷子,西方人用刀、叉 ,有

些国家的人吃饭什么不用,他们直接用手拿东西吃。 3.中国人在吃饭时喜欢谈生意或聊天,而 在一些国家,吃东西时是不能说话的。

4.谈论不同的食物和不同的吃饭方式是非常有趣的事情,你同意吗? People in different countries eat food in different ways . Chinese

like dumplings and noodles.Italians like pizza .Japanese like uncooked fish, and America is famous for its fast food in the world . people in different countries eat food in different ways .Chinese

I’m sure my hometown will become better and better in the future . 水资源的严重浪费是当今世界上最大的问题之一。根据提示,请你用自己的话说说应该怎样保护我们的水资源。

like eating with chopsticks,and Westerners use knives and forks to eat . 提示: 1.生命离不开水; 2.饮用水在减少 3.水污染严重 4.应该保护和再In some countries ,people use nothing but their hands to eat . Chinese people like talking about business or chatting when they

are dinner ,but in some countries it is not good to talk at table . It is very interesting to talk about different food and different ways to eat. Do you agree ?

The changes in my hometown

In the past , my hometown was very small . People lived a poor life .The houses were old and small .Pollution was very serious and there was rubbish everywhere . The traffic was not convenient ,so few visitors came here .

Now great changes have taken place in my hometown . The environment has become more beautiful.The mountains have turned greener , the

rivers clearer and the sky bluer. There are trees ,flowers and grass everywhere . People live a better life . Their houses are large and bright .Many people have their own cars.Every year ,thousands of people from all over the world come to visit my hometown .

利用水。

Water is very important for us . We can’t live without water .But

some people don’t care about this .They often waste a lot of water . They pour dirty water into rivers or lakes ,and pollute them . They throw rubbish into them ,too .

Many rivers and lakes are seriously polluted . We must do something to stop the pollution . We Must protect the water .We must find ways to reuse . If we don’t , the last drop of water will be our tear .

Trees are our friends

Trees are our friends . They are the biggest and oldest living things on Earth .Trees are

very useful. One tree has the power of some air conditioners . They

can cool the city and clean the air . They can take in harmful things and give out oxygen . They can also make the sound pollution less and make the streets more beautiful . They can produce many useful things for both men and animals ,too. So don’t cut down trees .

Protecting the environment

Every day people throw away a lot of rubbish . All this rubbish has polluted our environment and harmed people’s health . How to protect

our environment has already become one of the greatest problems in the world now . So everyone should do something useful to protect our earth that we live on . We can sort household rubbish into different types

and put it into different dustbins at recycling centres .Then we can plant more trees and flowers because trees and flowers can make our

environment more beautiful .Next we can tell every person that it is important to protect our environment . When we see something that can pollute our environment , we must try to stop it . If we all start to do a little ,I’m sure the world well be better and better .

Saving water

As we all know , water is important to us all . People can’t live without water . Plants and animals will die if there is no water in

the world . But there are still some people wasting water .For example , some students often forget to turn off the tap , some people take showers for a long time .Then what should we do to save water ? First ,we

should turn off the tap after we use it . Second ,we’d better reuse and recycle the water . Third , we should take a shower instead of taking

a bath .Water is really important to us . Let’s save water from now on .

Living in the country or in the city ?

Now a lot of people want to buy houses in big cities . They think they can get more chances to find jobs if they are living in big cities . Also it is convenient for their children to go to school .They even

receive good medicine when they get ill .But some people enjoy living in the countryside . They think they can get fresh air ,and they also

see different kinds of flowers . Besides , the cost of living is high in big cities , and perhaps they may meet more serious problems .

Spending holidays in the countryside

I will spend this summer holiday in the countryside .Although the city is modern and convenient ,there are still some problems ,such as

air pollution ,water pollution and noise .In the countryside ,I can enjoy a comfortable and quiet life . The air is fresh and the water

is clean . Trees are green and birds are singing . I can also go boating , fishing and swimming in the lake . What’s more, I canclimb the mountains . All this will be interesting and good for my health . I

can also learn more about nature . So I want to go to the countryside for a change . Do you agree with me ?