本科英语怎么说

本科英语怎么说

【范文精选】本科英语怎么说

【范文大全】本科英语怎么说

【专家解析】本科英语怎么说

【优秀范文】本科英语怎么说

范文一:所有学科用英语怎么说

所有学科英语单词

Chinese 语文

math 数学

English 英语

physics 物理

chemistry 化学

politics 政治

history 历史

geography 地理

biology 生物

P.E 体育

music 音乐

art美术

arts 文科

science 理科

basic course基础课

specialized course专业课

required course必修课

optional/selective course选修课

literature文学

philosophy哲学

sociology社会学

linguistics语言学

psychology心理学

engineering工程学

architecture建筑学

business商务

law法学

economics经济学

fiancé金融学

accounting会计学

banking银行学

biochemistry生物化学

范文二:关于各种学科用英语怎么说

关于各种学科用英语怎么说:  学科类

Mathematics 数学

physics 物理

chemistry 化学

biology 生物学

geography 地理学

electronics 电子学

computer science 计算机科学  astronomy 天文学

electronics engineering 电子工程学  botany 植物学

psychology 心理学

zoology 动物学

architecture 建筑学

oceanography 海洋学

ecology 生态学

medical science 医学

history 历史学

linguistics 语言学

pedagogic 教育学,教学法

anthropology 人类学

economics 经济学

statistics 统计学

accounting 会计学

philosophy 哲学

biochemistry生物化学

geology地质学

meteorology气象学

seismology地震学

environmental science环境科学metrology 计量学

archaeology考古学

introduction to literature文学入门aesthetics美学

demography人口学;人口统计学seismology 地震学

ethics 伦理学

logic 逻辑学

sociology社会学

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范文三:各科名称英语怎么说

['sʌbdʒikt]

n . 学科,科目 :['ɪŋglɪʃ] 英语

['tʃai'ni:z]

中文 [mæθ] 数学

[ɑ:t] 艺术 、美术

physical education 的缩写 体育

physical:['fizikəl] 身体的,肉质的,物质的,自然的。(形容词) education [,edjukeiʃn] 教育,培训 (名词)

['pɔlitiks] 政治

['pɔlitik]

形容词 a. 1. 精明的;有策略的an astute and politic statesman 一个老谋深算的政治家

2. 狡猾的;不择手段的 3.(计划、言行等)考虑周到的 4. 【古】政治的 不及物动词 vi.

1. 进行竞选活动,拉选票

物理学 :['kemistri] 化学、化学性质

:['histəri] 历史

:[kəm'pju:tə] 计算机

:[bai'ɔlədʒi] 生物学

、生态学

:[bai'ɔlədʒist] 生物学家

音乐 :[mju:'ziʃən] 作曲家、 音乐家

:[dʒi'ɔgrəfi] 地理 学 、地理、位置、地形

['saiəns] 科学

:['saiəntist] 科学家

范文四:关于各种学科用英语怎么说

关于各种学科用英语怎么说: 学科类

Mathematics 数学

physics 物理

chemistry 化学

biology 生物学

geography 地理学

electronics 电子学

computer science 计算机科学 astronomy 天文学

electronics engineering 电子工程学 botany 植物学

psychology 心理学

zoology 动物学

architecture 建筑学

oceanography 海洋学

ecology 生态学

medical science 医学

history 历史学

linguistics 语言学

pedagogic 教育学,教学法

anthropology 人类学

economics 经济学

statistics 统计学

accounting 会计学

philosophy 哲学

biochemistry生物化学

geology地质学

meteorology气象学

seismology地震学

environmental science环境科学 metrology 计量学

archaeology考古学

introduction to literature文学入门 aesthetics美学

demography人口学;人口统计学 seismology 地震学

ethics 伦理学

logic 逻辑学

sociology社会学

范文五:英语学科如何说课,听课和评课

如何说课

如何说课:包括说教材分析、说教法学法、说教学程序与说练习设计等方面。

1、说教材——叙述对教材的分析和理解

说教材要求做到如下几点:1、向听众介绍这节课教学内容的地位、作用和意义。 2、提出具体明确的课时教学目标。 3、分析教材的编排意图、以及教学内容的重点、难点。 4、分析学生的状况并据此对教学内容进行整理、调整、增删等,还应说明这样处理教材内容理论依据、目的、作用等等。

2、说程序----叙述对课堂教学的环节安排

教学程序是否合理、是否符合认知规律,是课堂教学是否优化的标准之一。说课中的程序,并不是像教学预案中那样只详细说明教学的具体过程,而是说出对教学预案中几个主要环节安排的理论依据和执教者对它的理解,从而使备课建立在严密的理论基础之上。因此说程序是教师对通常备课过程的合理性和理论性的升华,是优化课堂教学的一种有效手段。

说教学程序的基本要求是:1、运用“高浓缩”的语言,不必“照案宣科”,尽可能少用课堂内师生的原话,以便压缩实录篇幅。 2、说出本节课的课堂结构和教学环节(包括新课怎样导入;新课如何组织学生开展活动,每次活动预计所用时间,可能会出现问题,教师应采取策略;课内如何引导学生反馈、评价与总结等)。 3、说出本节课的板书设计和设计意图。4、说明这样预设教学程序的理论依据与优点。

3、说方法——叙述课堂教学中教法学法的选择

说教法和学法应说明如下几点:1、说出根据教材内容、学生实际、教学条件等设计的符合新课改新理念要求的教学方法。 2、说出本节课所采用的现代教学手段以及多媒体如何呈现教学内容等。3、说出怎样指导学生学会学习(如自学、迁移、尝试、操作、发现、交流等方法)以及培养学生解题技巧等。 4、说出怎样指导学生小组合作学习,培养学生合作意识。 5、说出怎样指导学生养成良好的学习习惯。

4、说练习----叙述课堂教学中练习设计的意图

课堂练习是使学生掌握知识、形成技能、发展智力和培养学生运用所学知识解决实际问题的有效手段。为此,说课时应说明练习设计的意图。即针对重点的知识、易混淆的知识、易出错的知识采取针对性训练或对比练习,以巩固所学知识;设计变式练习,防止和克服思维定势的消极影响,以培养学生思维的灵活性;

设计一些联系生活的练习,以培养学生运用所学知识解决实际问题的能力;设计开放练习,以培养学生的发散思维能力等。

5、说感悟----叙述课堂教学之后的体会

教师上完这节课之后,应认真反思教学预案的实施情况。通过本节课教学,教学的目标是否达成,教学的效果是否良好,教学的组织是否科学,活动的安排是否合理。本节课哪些地方处理得比较到位,哪些地方需进一步改进,再谈谈教学中的失误之处,如教学内容安排欠妥,教学方法设计不当,教学节奏不合理等。这些问题执教者自己先抛出来,以便其他教师共同探讨进行解决,从而有效促进行教师业务能力的提高。

四.说课中应注意的问题。

1、说课不是备课,不能按教案来说课。

2、说课不是讲课,教师不能把听说课的领导和老师视为学生,如正常上课那样讲。

3、说课要突出“说”字。既不能按教案一字不差地背下来,也不能按说课稿一字不差地读下来。一节成功的说课,一定是按自己的教学设计思路,有重点,有层次,有理有据。

4、说课的时间不宜太长,也不宜太短,通常可以安排一节课的1/3—1/4的时间。

5、注意发挥教师自身的教学个性和创新精神,防止生搬硬套杂志上的内容。

6、注意运用教育理论来分析研究问题,防止就事论事,使说课还处于“初级阶段”的层次水平。

7、注意避免过分表现“理论依据”,脱离教材、学生、教师实际,空谈理论。

8、语气得体、简练准确。要使听课者首先从表象上感受到说课者对说好课的自信和能力,从而感染听者,引起听者的共鸣。说课的语言表达应十分简练干脆,避免拘谨,力求有声有色,灵活多变,前后整体要连贯凑,过渡要流畅自然。

9、说出特点、说出风格。说课的对象不是学生,而是教师同行。所以说课时不宜把每个过程说得过于详细,应重点说出如何实施教学过程、如何引导学生理解概念、掌握规律的方法,说出培养学生学习能力与提高教学效果的途径。

10、说课与评课结合。说课者固然要充分准备,听说者、看课者也要作一定的准备,评才有发言权,评才能评到点子上,不走过场,不流于形式。才能集思广益,相互交流,共同提高。

范文六:科技英语电视片解说词4

对外电视宣传片解说词

走进世界橙乡 感受魅力赣州

(送审稿)

在长江之南、赣水之源,连绵不绝的武夷、南岭和罗霄山脉拱卫着一片美丽神奇的广袤土地,这就是从辉煌璀璨的历史光华中走来,沐浴着新世纪朝阳的国家历史文化名城---赣州。

赣州地处江西省南部,素称“赣南”,辖有十八个县市区和一个国家级经济技术开发区,总面积3.94万平方公里,人口900万,分别以占全省约四分之一的版图和五分之一的人口而成为江西最大的行政区域。

【字幕提示:中国历史文化名城----江南宋城】

这是一方物华天宝、人杰地灵的土地。江南第一石窟通天岩、千古名楼郁孤台、中国城市古建筑瑰宝宋代城墙,„„引得海内外游客络绎不绝,流连忘返。1595年,西方文化大使利玛窦途径赣州,留下了对这座城市珍贵的记忆。1665年前,16个人组成的荷兰使团来到赣州,使团管事约翰·尼霍夫在记述中称赣州已经是中国最有名的城市之一,并以绘画的形式描述了赣州高大的城墙。古城的砖石城墙始建于宋代,现今仍完整保留着3700米。

伫立在赣江源头的赣州古城已经有2200多年的历史,秦始皇统一中国后就在这里设立南野县郡;盛唐初年,宰相张九龄凿通梅关驿道, 开创赣州 “商贾如云,货物如雨,万足践履,冬无寒土”的千年繁华;两宋年间,赣州跻身全国36大经济都市之列,苏东坡、辛弃疾等名师大家都曾在赣州留下诗文佳话。这座饱经年岁月沧桑的国家历史文化名城,至今还完好保存有大量的宋代文物古迹,被誉为“宋城博物馆”。历史上众多名人大家将这里作为人生舞台,中国传统的儒释道文化在这里轮番写下浓墨重彩的篇章。

赣州地理位置优越,交通设施完善。这里东临福建,南接广东,西靠湖南,自古“扼闽粤之咽喉,处五岭之要冲”,是南方丝绸之路上连接中原与岭南通道的重镇,东北方向与长江三角洲相望,南面与珠江三角洲紧邻,东边与闽东南三角洲对接,是中国沿海的腹地和内陆的前沿,是长江经济区与华南经济区连接的纽带和赣粤闽湘四省通衢的区域性现代化中心城市。随着现代交通基础设施的日益完善,赣州承南启北、呼东应西的区位优势进一步凸显,成为中国南方内陆地区重要的交通枢纽。京九铁路、赣龙铁路在这里形成十字交叉,赣韶铁路正在建设,厦门—赣州—深圳“金三角”城际高速铁路列入国家中期规划;大广高速、昆厦高速、赣韶高速、济广高速、环城高速等十余条高速公路将在赣州大地构筑四通八达的高速公路网。赣州是全国唯一的支线航空发展试点城市,按照4D级设计建成的赣州新黄金机场,目前已开通至广州、上海、厦门、深圳、南昌、北京、南京、重庆、温州、武汉、海口等航线,2010年旅客吞吐量达30多万人次,它以多达五十条航线的规模而成为中国华南地区最大的支线航空枢纽。

【字幕提示:世界橙乡】

赣州山灵水秀,环境优美。中国南方的主要山脉武夷山、罗霄山和南岭山脉环绕着这片土地,也在这里孕育了章江、贡江和东江。三江之源风光旖旎,景色秀美,生态良好,森林覆盖率为76%。东江是珠江的重要支流,这里是中国香港和珠江三角洲的主要饮用水源;章江和贡江环绕着赣州古城,在城市的北廓汇合成江西最大的母亲河赣江。赣江流经中国最大的淡水湖鄱阳湖之后注入长江,而在整个鄱阳湖水系中,章江和贡江提供了20%的水源。近年来,赣州在发展中十分注重对江河源头的保护,既要金山银山,更要绿水青山,生态环境更加良好。

赣州气候怡人,物产丰富。这里四季分明,气候温和,雨量充沛,无霜期长,年平均气温18.8摄氏度,年平均降水量1605毫米,无霜期平均288天。这里盛产脐橙、柚子、白莲、瑞香、蜜桔、板鸭、毛竹等物产,尤以脐橙闻名世界。全市有果园面积17.3万公顷,年产脐橙120万吨,成为脐橙种植面积世界第一、年产量世界第三、全国最大的脐橙主产区。赣州脐橙果大皮薄,色泽艳丽,肉质脆嫩,清香爽口,营养丰富,以其独特的风味享誉世界,远销二十多个国家和地区。

赣州是“世界钨都”和“稀土王国”。全世界40%的钨资源蕴藏在这里,黑钨储量和离子型稀土储量全国第一。除此以外,全市发现的99种地下矿产中,锡、铅锌、萤石、石灰石、盐等矿产资源储量丰、品位高、价值大,发展矿产品深加工和新材料工业的优势得天独厚。依托独

特的资源优势,赣州正致力于打造全国乃至世界知名的钨产业、稀土产业战略基地。

【字幕提示:客家摇篮】

赣州是客家摇篮,是客家文化的发祥地和客家人最大的聚居地。在中国人数众多的汉民族中,有一个有着独特文化和方言的民系----客家人。从西晋开始,客家先民为躲避战乱,身负祖牌,举族南迁,走进赣州这座大山屏蔽的安宁净土休养生息,又从这里迁移到世界各地,历经千百年的繁衍生息,孕育了优秀的客家民系,赣州的地方文化至今还保留着中古中原文明的遗风。

【字幕提示:红色故都】

赣州是中华人民共和国的摇篮。毛泽东、朱德、周恩来、邓小平等老一辈无产阶级革命家在这里战斗、工作、生活过,共和国9位元帅、7位大将、37位上将从这里走出,星火燎原的中央革命根据地在这里创建,彪炳史册的中华苏维埃共和国在这里奠基,举世闻名的红军二万五千里长征从这里出发,艰苦卓绝的南方三年游击战争在这里打响。这里的每一寸土地都浸润着火一般的理想信念和激情。

今天,赣州已成为世界日益看好的投资热土,被评为中国加工贸易梯度转移重点承接地,中部最佳投资城市,浙商、台商、粤商、港深企业最佳投资城市,“跨国公司眼中江西唯一最佳投资城市”和过去五年

竞争力稳步提升的中国十个城市之一。现在,赣州已纳入海峡西岸经济区和鄱阳湖生态经济区的发展战略范围,正在朝着江西绿色崛起的高地,生态文明示范区,全国重要钨和稀土产业战略基地和世界最大的优质脐橙生产基地迈进。

这是一个生态良好、宜业宜居的幸福乐园,一个宁静舒适、文明祥和的美丽城市。赣州在未来的发展中将加快转变经济发展方式,树立发展为先、生态为重、创新为魂、民生为本的理念,大力实施“新型工业化、新型城镇化、农业农村现代化,发展生态化”战略,建设创业、宜居、平安、生态、幸福赣州,推动赣州加快发展、转型发展,努力实现发展规模、发展层次和发展水平的新跨越。一个饱含激情、蓄势待发的古老城市正在破茧而出,化蛹为蝶,在赣粤闽湘四省通衢的的核心地带崛起一座新兴的特大型、现代化、区域性中心城市。

【字幕:赣州欢迎您】

创作人员:钟瑞龙 万少玮 龚海 朱荣华 李 剑 肖 苑

Ganzhou, a Land of Plenty and Rich Hakka Culture

Ganzhou is located at the beginning of the thousand-mile-long Ganjiang River, and at the intersection of Guangdong, Jiangxi, Fujian and Hunan provinces. A historical and culturally important city, Ganzhou is known as the former Soviet Capital, Hakka Cradle, World Tungsten Capital and Rare Earth Kingdom.

Ganzhou, being located in southern Jiangxi, is generally known as Gannan. It is

composed of 18 counties and a national economic and technological zone. With a population of over 9 million, Ganzhou covers an area of over 39,400 square kilometers, which is about one fourth the size of Jiangxi Province.

A Historical City with Cultural Influence from the Song Dynasty

Ganzhou is known as a land of plentiful valuable resources. It is also the birth place of many creative minds. Famous tourist resorts, such as the Ganzhou Tongtian Grottoes, thousand-year old Yugu Tower, ancient city wall from the Song Dynasty(960-1127), attract countless tourists from home and abroad. In 1595, an Italian Christian Missionary, Matteo Ricci, traveled to Ganzhou, and brought back many precious memories of the city. In 1665, John Niehoff, a reporter and painter from the Netherlands remarked that Ganzhou was one of China's most economically developed cities. He painted the grand city walls of Ganzhou in his travelogue. These walls were originally built in the Song Dynasty. Currently the walls span a distance of 3,700 meters.

Ganzhou City has a history of 2,200 years. Early on in the prosperous Tang Dynasty(618-907), the Prime Minister Zhang Jiuling ordered the construction of Meiguan pass, which brought countless businessmen to Ganzhou and ushered in millennium prosperity. In Song Dynasty, Ganzhou was listed as one of the 36 economically important cities in China. Su Dongpo and Xin Qiji, two great poets in the Song Dynasty composed their finest works in Ganzhou. This ancient city is reputed as the live museum of the Song Dynasty. There are a large number of cultural relics preserved from the Song Dynasty. China's traditional culture of Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism all left important footprints in this fertile land.

Ganzhou boasts superior geographical location in that it borders three provinces

from the East, South and West. It has always been an important commercial hub for the sound transportation infrastructures, linking central China to the neighboring southern coastal provinces. Currently, Ganzhou is vital to the transportation and commerce between inland and coastal regions.

Ganzhou has a well developed transportation network which makes it a perfect location for commerce and investment. Two national railways running through Ganzhou have been completed. Another one is currently under construction. The National Council of China is planning an inter-city light rail to connect Ganzhou with the neighboring coastal cities, such as Xiamen and Shenzhen. There are around a dozen expressways running through Ganzhou. The Ganzhou Huangjing Airport, the passenger capacity in 2010 reached 300,000, has daily flights to 13 major cities in China, making Ganzhou one of the regional aviation hub in Southern China.

The World of Naval Oranges

Three picturesque mountains paint the beautiful and charming landscape of Ganzhou. Being the source of three rivers, Ganzhou has a forest coverage of 76%. East River, an important tributary of Pearl River, provides drinking water for the populace of Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta. Zhang River and Gong River partially encircle Ganzhou city. They empty into Gan River, the largest river in Jiangxi. In recent years, Ganzhou has attached great importance on protecting the sources of these rivers to ensure a clean eco-system.

With four seasons, abundant rainfall, and a long frost-free period, Ganzhou has a pleasant climate and rich farming harvest. Ganzhou averages an annual temperature of 18.8 ℃, a precipitation of 1605 mm, and 288 frost-free days. Ganzhou abounds with

naval oranges, grapefruits, lotus, daphnes, tangerines, salted duck, bamboo products, among which navel orange is world renowned. 173,000 hectares of orchards annually harvest 1.2 million tons of navel oranges. It is the world’s largest navel orange planting area with the third largest annual output. The navel oranges of Ganzhou are world-renowned for their unique flavor, thin and bright peel, fresh juice, inviting color, tender texture, fragrant smell, and are packed full of vitamin C. They are extremely popular among customers at home and abroad as a health and organic food.

Ganzhou is also reputed as the

Cradle of Hakkas

Ganzhou is the cradle of Hakkas, a sub-ethnic group of the Han nationality, and the birthplace of Hakka culture. It houses the largest population of Hakka people with their distinct culture and dialects. Since Western Jin Dynasty(265-316), the ancestors of Hakka people migrated to this mountainous region of Southern Jiangxi to escape from the turbulent wars and the famine that constantly upset Northern China. It was also from this area that Hakka people then dispersed to further south, or even to other parts of the world. For this reason, Ganzhou’s local culture retains the legacy of Ancient Chinese Civilization of the central China.

The Former Capital of the Soviet Republic

Ganzhou is the birthplace of the People's Republic of China, which was founded in 1949. Lots of late Chinese leaders, such as Mao Zhedong, Zhou Enlai, Deng Xiaoping, have worked and lived on this land. It was the starting point of the Long March(1934-1935) and the central region of the southern Red Army's three-year guerrilla warfare with KMT forces. It was also the Central Revolutionary Base for serving as the capital of the Chinese Soviet Republic (1931-1937) . It is a land full of passion, ideals and beliefs.

Today, Ganzhou has become an investment hot spot. It has been selected by authoritative opinion polls as, “The best investment friendly city of inland China”, “The most promising region for foreign enterprises”. Its commercial competitiveness has consistently risen for the past five years. Having been integrated into the West Taiwan Strait Economic Zone and the National Poyang Lake Ecological Zone, Ganzhou will definitely become the largest industry bases for tungsten, rare earth and navel oranges.

With a sound eco-system, Ganzhou is an ideal place for living, traveling and investment. Ganzhou will transform its economic development under the guiding concepts of “development, ecology, innovation and people’s livelihood. The development strategy of “new industrialization, innovative urbanization, agriculture and rural modernization and eco-friendly development” will be practiced in its future development process.

This historical city is emerging as an economically promising, modernized city linking northern Jiangxi, Guangdong, Fujian and Hunan.

Welcome to Ganzhou

范文七:科技英语视听说考题

The Private Life of Plants

1.What is the begonia’s secret of surviving on the dim (昏暗的)forest floor?

The secret of the begonia’s success lies in its leaves.It has red undersides.

2.How do leaves reduce the problem of water lying on their surface?

(1)tough:to withstand pounding(拍打)(2)gutters(排水沟):to carry away water(3)pointed tips:to drain away;rapidly:completely(4)dense hairs:to keep free:to clogs up the pores

3. What’s the dramatic solution the mimosa posses to defend itself?

One touch makes it fold its leaflets(小叶);another tap makes it flop to(落下)the ground 补:1.What problems do plants have to face through out their lives so as to survive? Fight one another Compete for mates Invade new territories

2.Why do bird-cage plants travel to find a new place?

The desert dunes(沙丘) are always moving and a sheltered site can suddenly become intolerably exposed.

3.How do the seeds of dandelions fly ?

A special apparatus (器官)is needed by the seeds of dandelions to fly .Each seed of the dandelion is fitted with its own individual parachute(降落伞).

4..Name the examples given in this episode to explain how plants use mimicry to defend themselves? Pebble plants,passionflowers.

5.Why we human beings are seldom aware of the dramas happening to plants?

We and plants live on a different time scale

6.When we condense(浓缩) three months into twenty seconds,what dramatic changes of plants can we see ?

The desolation(荒凉) of winter quickly warms into the roit (骚乱)of spring.

7.Name the carnivorous plants. Flytrap(捕蝇草) Pitcher plants(猪笼草)

Polar Bears

1..Why polar bears' survival is being threatened?

By the end of the summer ,they are skinny bears and their reproductive success is in danger.

2.What is the Kyoto protocol(协议)?

All nations are required to reduce their carbon emissions so that the negative impacts of climate change can be halted.

An Inconvenient Truth

1.What are the three factors causing the collision between our civilization and the Earth?

(1)Population (2)The scientific and technological revolution (3)Our way of thinking.

2.How to balance the economy and the environment?

(1)develop low carbon economy (2)Through both efforts of local government and the related enterprises, (3)use green technological innovation to promote sustainable development.

3.What should we do to solve the climate crisis ,to secure our future or to save our planet Earth?

(1)live low-carbon life. Such as walk or ride a bike to school instead of taking a car. Besides, use both sides of every paper and never forget to turn off the lights when leaving the room.

(2)bringing public awareness to environmental concerns.

Big Freeze

1.What might be the major causes of the Big Freeze?

(1)volcanic eruptions (2)global warming (3)changes in the ocean currents

State of the Planet

1.What are the five ways in which we are damaging life's diversity?

(1)Over-harvesting (2)the introduction of alien species (3)the destruction of habitats

(4)island station (5)pollution

Journey of Life

1.What is the natural selection?

Any traits that increase the possibility of a youngster surviving will be passed on in its genes.

2.There is an enormous variety of life on the planet.How did life begin?

(1)3 billion years ago---single-cell living things. (2)670 million years ago---cells pulling together.

(3)around 570 million years ago---animals' soft bodies turned hard.

3.Where did all life begin? And why?

In the sea . Because in the sea where temperature hardly changes and where water protects against the pull of gravity and the burning sun.

4.What are the good reasons for life to get into the air ?

Wings provide animals with extra strike power ,flying is the fastest ,most efficient way to travel .It allows you to find food ,explore new territory or escape from danger.

5.Why do we say caterpillars are munching machines? Their only purpose is to eat and grow.They can ballon to an incredible 200 times than its starting weight.

6.Why do we say that the predators ()and prey are locked in an intense relationship? Because when predators find better ways to catch and kill their prey has to improve their self-defense.That is to say neither can afford to be left behind.

补充:1.All living things have to fight to survive.Who can survive then?

Only the best suited individual can survive

2.What was the planet Earth like 3.8 billion years ago?

The atmosphere was thin ,there was no oxygen ,no protective ozone(臭氧)layers .But there were massive volcanic eruptions and meteor impacts.

3.What was the planet Earth like 500 million years ago?

No shade ,no ozone layer to shield us from the solar radiation.You could fry or freeze in the same day.

4.What are the two explanations as to how insects sprout wings?

One explanation is that insects love to sunbathe.The other is that it may have started in water.

5.What is the relationship between penguins and leopard seals?

Penguins--prey , leopard seals--predators.

6.How do fieldfares drive a hungry raven away from their chicks? By dropping

7.What can we humans only dream of? To fly free as a bird.

8.How many animals alive today can fly? 2/3 of the animals

9.What are the examples given to explain the natural selection drive some creatures to extremes?

Mantis Snapping turtle passionflower

Phobias

1..What is phobia?

Fear plays a vital part in our survival,when it gets out of control ,we call it phobia.

2.What is the percentage of people with phobias? 10%

3..Do we inherit specific phobias from our parents? NO

Journey to the Center of the Planet

1.How does a sea turtle know its location and navigate its way around the earth?

It’s based on the earth’s magnetic field

The Abyss

1.What was found at the bottom of the ocean in1985 by some scientists?

Shrimps which can live in boiling hot water and live without sun’s energy were found in 1985.

2.Give five examples of the deep sea creatures. grenadier fish鼠尾鳕科elephant fish叶吻银鲛scaroid鹦嘴科鱼jellyfih水母 snail fish狮子鱼科

Secrets of the Sexes

1.Why people say

The reward system floods with feeling good chemicals and another part of the brain used for critical thinking switches off.

2.What are the differences between men and women ?

Men are more things oriented while women are more people oriented.

3.What are the two reasons for the marriage to end in divorce?

unfaithful spouse constant arguing.

补充:

1. What consists of the caravan(旅行队)of hunting sardines(沙丁鱼)? Cape gannets(塘鹅),sharks ,dolphins and whales .

2. Why do red crabs (里澳洲圣诞地蟹)head for the shore to spawn(产卵)? Because they are unable to raise their young on land.

3.How does the Aurora australis(南

(极亚原子光粒子))occur? The Aurora australis occurs when subatomic particles

4. Why all life on Earth owes its existence to the sun?

The sun powers every natural system and sustains(支持、支撑)every plant and animal.

5. What is the sun made of?

Over 90% of the sun is made of hydrogen(氧)

6.If one day alien species come to Earth,what’s the narrator’s hope? They come in peace .

7.What are he four probable endings of the world? 1. Mega-Tsunami 2. Comet Attack. 3. Killer Virus. 4. Science gone wrong.

8.How can you tell a person’s smile a fake one? You just watch the lines around his/her eyes. traveling through space enter the Earth’s magnetic field(磁场)

范文八:科技英语视听说北林

Lecture 1

1. dock (植)羊蹄 2. hazel 榛子 3. foxglove 毛地黄 4. bramble 悬钩子

5. earth-star 地星 6. bird-cage plant 角叶月 7. wood anemone 银莲花

8. spore 孢子 9. puffball 马勃菌 10. dandelion 蒲公英

2. Why we human beings are seldom aware of the dramas happening to plants?

We and plants live on a different time scale.

3. When we condense 3 months into 20 seconds, what dramatic changes of plants can we see?

The desolation of winter quickly warms into the riot of spring.

4. Why do bird-cage plants travel to find a new place?

The desert dunes are always moving and a sheltered site can suddenly become intolerably exposed.

7. How do the seeds of dandelions fly?

A special apparatus is needed by the seeds of dandelions to fly. Each seed of the dandelion is fitted with its own individual parachute.

Lecture 2

1. canopy:['kænəpi] 顶篷 2. fern:[fə:n] 蕨类植物,羊齿植物

3. pore:[pɔ:] 毛孔;气孔 4. sapling:['sæpliŋ] 幼树,树苗

5. chestnut['tʃɛs,nʌt] 板栗 6. sycamore:['sikə,mɔ:] 美国梧桐

7. larch:[lɑ:tʃ] 落叶松 8. begonia:[bi'gəuniə] 秋海棠

9. chlorophyll:['klɔrəfil] 叶绿素 10. photosynthesis:[,fəutəu'sinθəsis] 光合作用

11. mimicry:['mimikri] 拟态 12. shrivel:['ʃrivl] 使枯萎

13. pebble:['pebl] 小卵石 14. gravel:['grævəl] 砂砾,碎石

15. nectar:['nektə] 花蜜 16. caterpillar:['kætə,pilə] 毛毛虫

17. bogus:['bəugəs]假的 18. passion flower 西番莲

19. mimosa:[mi'məusə] 含羞草 20. carnivorous plants:[kɑ:'nivərəs] 食肉植物

4. What will happen to leaves if water lies on their surface?

It clogs up the pores. (blocks the pores)

6. Name the examples given in this episode to explain how plants use mimicry to

defend themselves?

Pebble plants, Passion flowers.

7. What is the dramatic solution a sensitive mimosa possesses to defend itself?

One touch makes it fold its leaflets; another tap, and it flops to the

ground.

8. Name the carnivorous plants given in this episode?

Flytrap Pitcher plants

Lecture 3

1. walrus 海象 2. skinny very thin 瘦的皮包骨 3. jeopardize 处于危险中

4. fat reserves 脂肪的储存 5. protocol 条约

2. Why polar bears’ survival is being threatened?

By the end of the summer, they are skinny bears and their reproductive success is in danger.

3. What is the Kyoto Protocol?

All nations are required to reduce their carbon emission so that the negative impacts of climate change can be halted.

1. infrared radiation 远红外线 2. culprit 罪犯 3. vulnerable 易受伤的

4. varnish 清漆 5. lukewarm 微温的 6. pixel 像素

7. smallpox 天花 8. polio 小儿麻痹

9. devastate :to destroy completely 10. apartheid 种族隔离

1. What are the three factors causing the collision between our civilization and the earth?

①Population

②The scientific and technological revolution

③Our way of thinking

2. How to balance the economy and the environment?

Lecture 5

1. bizarre 奇异的 2. predator 食肉动物 3. gill slits 鳃裂

4. amniotic fluid 羊水 5. embryo 胚胎 6. mayhem 破坏 7. cauldron 大锅

8. haven 避风港 9. lethal 致命的 10. jellyfish 水母

1. All living things have to fight to survive. Who can survive then?

Only the best suited individuals can survive .

3. What was the planet Earth like 3.8 billion years ago?

The atmosphere was thin; there was no oxygen, no protective ozone layers. But there were massive volcanic eruptions and meteor impacts.

5. There is an enormous variety of life on the planet. How did it come about? ①3 billion years ago—single-cell living things

②670 million years ago—cells pulling together

③around 570 million years ago —animals’ soft bodies turned hard.

1. alien 不同的 2. dinosaur 恐龙 3. buoyancy 浮力 4. kelp 海带

5. arthropod 节肢动物 6. armor 盔甲 7. burrow 挖洞

8. louse 虱子 9. vertebrate 脊椎动物 10. fin 鳍

1. What was the planet Earth like 500 million years ago?

No shade, no ozone layer to shield us from the solar radiation. You could fry or freeze in the same day.

2. Where did all life begin? And why?

In the sea. Because in the sea where temperature hardly changes and where water protects against the pull of gravity and the burning sun. Lecture 6

1. sprout 开始,发芽 2. flap 扇动翅膀 3. bask 晒太阳

4. tendon 腱,筋 5. larva 幼虫 6. jackpot 意外的成功

7. swamp 沼泽 8. swat 拍 9. munch 用力咀嚼 10. gorge 狼吞虎咽

3. What are the good reasons for life to get into the air?

Wings provide animals with extra strike power, flying is the fastest ,most efficient way to travel .It allows you to find food ,explore new territory or escape from danger.

4. What are the two explanations as to how insects sprout wings?

One explanation is that insects love to sunbathe. The other is that it may have started in water.

1. huddle 蜷缩 2. pinnacle 尖峰,顶点 3. spawn 卵

4. engulf 大口吞食 5. unleash 摆脱束缚 6. cricket 蟋蟀

7. mantis 螳螂 8. orchid 兰花 9. assassin 刺客

10. fang 尖牙 11. raven 捕食 12. fieldfare田鸫

13. lurk 潜伏 14. foil 阻碍 15. bluff 虚张声势

1. What is the relationship between penguins and leopard seals?

Predators and prey.

3. Why do we say that the predators and prey are locked in an intense relationship? Because when predators find better ways to catch and kill, their prey has to improve their self-defense .That is to say, neither can afford to be left behind.

5. How do fieldfares drive a hungry raven away from their chicks?

By dropping bombs.

Lecture 7

1. phobia 恐惧症 2. toddler 刚刚学走路的小孩 3. buggy 手推婴儿车

4. petrify 极度恐惧 5. python 蟒蛇 6. footage 影片的一段

7. captivity 监禁 8. crumble: to break into small pieces 9. canine 犬的

10. lavish 过度大方的 11. trauma 创伤 12. slack 松的

13. leash 拴狗的链条 14. adrenaline 肾上腺素 15. berate 责备

16. tax: to need a lot of effort 17. tennis elbow 肘关节炎

18. bursitis 滑囊炎 19. Labrador 拉布拉多犬 20. steeple: church tower

1. What is phobia?

When fear gets out of control, we call it phobia.

2. What is the percentage of people with phobias?

10%

3. Do we inherit specific phobias from our parents?

No.

Lecture 9

1. oil slick 水面上的浮油 2. biomass 生物量 3. feast 宴会

4. shoal 鱼群 5. frenzy 狂热 crazy 6. gully 海水沟,小峡谷

7. trek 长途跋涉 8. perilous 危险的 9. phosphate 磷酸盐

10. carnage 大屠杀 11. pouch 育儿袋 12. Aurora australis 南极光

13. recede 撤退 14. sleek 光滑的 15. rookery 群栖地

16. roller coaster过山车 17. droplet 一小滴 18. bide 等待时机

19. Ingenious: clever 20. clearing (一块)空地

1. What consists of the caravan of hunting sardines?

Cape gannets, sharks, dolphins and whales.

2. Why do red crabs head for the shore to spawn?

Because they are unable to raise their young on land.

5. How does the Aurora australis occur?

The Aurora australis occurs when subatomic particles traveling through space enter the earth’s magnetic field.

Lecture 10

1. saliva 唾液 2. masculine 男性的 3. bloke 家伙

4. rig: install 在…装… 5. dashboard 仪表盘 6. pathetic 差劲的

7. petty 琐碎的 unimportant 8. daft: silly 9.congregation 天主教

10. leisure complex 休闲娱乐中心 11. trivia 小事,琐事

12. to place sb. on a pedestal 仰慕 13. flounder 挣扎

14. infidelity 不忠 15. rove 心飘忽不定

1. What are the differences between men and women?

Men are more things oriented while women are more people oriented.

4. Why people say “love makes people blind”?

The reward system floods with feeling good chemicals, and another part of the brain used for critical thinking switches off.

Lecture 11

1. tantrum 生气,发怒 2. wreak 造成…后果 3. galaxy 星系

4. goldilocks planet 适合生物居住的星球 5. solstice 至点

6. porridge 粥 7. apparatus 一套仪器 8. strata 地层

9. prism 棱镜 10. helium 氦气

1. Why all life on Earth owes its existence to the sun?

The sun powers every natural system and sustains every plant and animal. Without the sun, the earth would be a barren, lifeless ball or rock.

2. Describe the actual face of the sun

The actual face of the sun is turbulent and boiling.

1. fathom 完全明白 2. plod 慢慢走 3. wax vi.逐渐变大

4. wane vi. 逐渐变小 5. enigma 神秘

2. What is the impact of the full moon on sea creatures and on human beings?

In the ocean the full moon’s bright light is a mating call for sea creatures. Most women get their menstrual period at the day of full moon.

范文九:新英语本科课程说明(4册))

《21世纪大学英语应用型综合教程》(第四册) 第4学期--64学时

第一单元Do It Yourself(8学时)

作者通过和丈夫一起自己装修房子的经历,向读者阐述了DIY的乐趣以及益处。学生应能回答与课文相关的问题并对课文进行复述,掌握本单元生词和短语以及语法。

第一节 背景知识介绍及单词短语讲解

一、课文背景知识介绍及课前讨论

根据视频,谈谈你对DIY的看法

二、单词和短语讲解

(一) renovation,amateur,respondent,plaster,fabulous,carpentry等重点词汇讲解

(二)come down to,wind up,at all costs,beat oneself up等短语、习语讲解

第二节 课文内容讲解

一、阅读课文回答问题

(一)Why did the writer and her husband renovate the house themselves?

(二)Why are almost people quite afraid of DIY?

二、课文结构分析

三、课文语法及语言点讲解

(一)长单句的区别与理解

(二)句子的语义分析

第三节 课后练习与阅读

一、课后练习

(一)Language Focus A、B、C、

(二)Translation A、B

二、阅读技巧与练习

第四节 写作与听力练习

一、写作练习

(一)辞职信(Letter of resignation)

1. 定义

2. 结构要点

(二)写作练习

李明是一家公司的销售代表,将从公司辞职,请为他写一封辞职信。

二、听力理解

Part A Listening

Part B Viewing, listening and speaking

Part C Speaking workshop

Part D Quiz

Part E Fun Time

第二单元Privacy(8学时)

本文作者阐述了不同时代的隐私的特点以及人们对隐私的理解和具体表现。 学生应能回答与课文相关的问题并对课文进行复述,掌握本单元生词和短语以及语法。

第一节 背景知识介绍及单词短语讲解

一、课文背景知识介绍及课前讨论

根据视频,谈谈你对隐私的看法

二、单词和短语讲解

(一) assault,innermost,intrusion,disregard,apparently等重点词汇讲解

(二)swarm with, die away,to the exclusion of等短语、习语讲解

第二节 课文内容讲解

一、阅读课文回答问题

(一) What happens to the right of privacy these days?

(二) How does the writer describe privacy in colonial days?

二、课文结构分析

三、课文语法及语言点讲解

(一)虚拟语气的用法

(二)合成句的用法

第三节 课后练习与阅读

一、课后练习

(一)Language Focus A、B、C、

(二)Translation A、B

二、阅读技巧与练习

第四节 写作与听力练习

一、写作练习

(一)欢迎信 (Letter of Welcome)

1. 定义

2. 结构要点

(二)写作练习

请为汤姆写一封欢迎信

二、听力理解

Part A Listening

Part B Viewing, listening and speaking

Part C Speaking workshop

Part D Quiz

Part E Fun Time

第三单元 Marriage(8学时)

本文通过俩个护工之间的交谈,讲述了文章的主人公对于爱和婚姻的坚守,也给读者上了生动的一课。学生应能回答与课文相关的问题并对课文进行复述,掌握本单元生词和短语以及语法。

第一节 背景知识介绍及单词短语讲解

一、课文背景知识介绍及课前讨论

根据视频,谈谈你对婚姻的看法

二、单词和短语讲解

(一) stain,slump,gloomily,crumpled,underneath,wrinkled,feast等重点词汇讲解

(二)be in,get into a lather,vexed question ,storm out 等短语、习语讲解

第二节 课文内容讲解

一、阅读课文回答问题

(一) Why was Sheila so angry when she walked into the staff office?

(二) How did Troy help to calm his wife down and wash her?

二、课文结构分析

三、课文语法及语言点讲解

(一)非谓语动词的用法

(二)记叙文的翻译技巧

第三节 课后练习与阅读

一、课后练习

(一)Language Focus A、B、C、

(二)Translation A、B

二、阅读技巧与练习

第四节 写作与听力练习

一、写作练习

(一)书报告 (Book Report)

1.定义

2.类型

3.结构要点

(二)写作练习

写一篇读书报告

二、听力理解

Part A Listening

Part B Viewing, listening and speaking

Part C Speaking workshop

Part D Quiz

Part E Fun Time

第四单元Innovation(8学时)

本文主要讲述了伟大的发明家爱迪生成功的几大要素,那就是要勇于挑战的习惯,时刻完善自己的想法以及具有不断的探索精神。学生应能回答与课文相关的问题并对课文进行复述,掌握本单元生词和短语以及语法。

第一节 背景知识介绍及单词短语讲解

一、课文背景知识介绍及课前讨论

根据视频,谈谈爱迪生的主要发明和贡献

二、单词和短语讲解

(一) inherent,legendary,cultivate,persistence,turbulent,perpetual等重点词汇讲解

(二)out of the ordinary,in one’s own right,in essence,be after等短语、习语讲解

第二节 课文内容讲解

一、阅读课文回答问题

(一) What is most Americans’ view on creativity?

(二) What is the significance of Edison’s notebooks?

二、课文结构分析

三、课文语法及语言点讲解

(一)科技文的翻译技巧

(二)bend to your own will的意思

第三节 课后练习与阅读

一、课后练习

(一)Language Focus A、B、C、

(二)Translation A、B

二、阅读技巧与练习

第四节 写作与听力练习

一、写作练习

(一)索取函/意向函 ( Letter of Request)

1. 定义

2.结构要点

(二)写作练习

你叫李明,将于今年7月毕业于清华大学建筑系,向宾夕法尼亚大学写一封信索取 奖学金申请表格

二、听力理解

Part A Listening

Part B Viewing, listening and speaking

Part C Speaking workshop

Part D Quiz

Part E Fun Time

第五单元Financial Management(8学时)

本文通过自身的经历,告诫学生们应该有计划的消费,并懂得如何存钱。学生应能回答与课文相关的问题并对课文进行复述,掌握本单元生词和短语以及语法。

第一节 背景知识介绍及单词短语讲解

一、课文背景知识介绍及课前讨论

根据视频,谈谈你是如何存钱和花钱的

二、单词和短语讲解

(一) hazard,representative,compound,endorsement,inadequate,swipe等重点词汇讲解

(二)figure out,behind the eight ball,down payment,glaze over等短语、习语讲解

第二节 课文内容讲解

一、阅读课文回答问题

(一) Why should our educational institutions provide instruction into mysteries of money?

(二) What lessons does college have to impart?

二、课文结构分析

三、课文语法及语言点讲解

(一)理解“比较”与“对比”的区别

(二)behind the eight ball

第三节 课后练习与阅读

一、课后练习

(一)Language Focus A、B、C、

(二)Translation A、B

二、阅读技巧与练习

第四节 写作与听力练习

一、写作练习

(一) 索赔信 (Letter of Claims

1.定义

2.结构要点

(二) 写作练习

请写一封索赔信

二、听力理解

Part A Listening

Part B Viewing, listening and speaking

Part C Speaking workshop

Part D Quiz

Part E Fun Time

第六单元Urbanization(8学时)

本文通过对自己家乡的变化的描述,表达了对现代化进程的担忧以及对过去的留恋。学生应能回答与课文相关的问题并对课文进行复述,掌握本单元生词和短语以及语法。

第一节 背景知识介绍及单词短语讲解

一、课文背景知识介绍及课前讨论

根据视频,谈谈你对城市生活的看法

二、单词和短语讲解

(一) notorious,response,vaguely,convergence,demolition,groan等重点词汇讲解

(二)ring out, keep safe 等短语、习语讲解

第二节 课文内容讲解

一、阅读课文回答问题

(一) What brought the author the incredible and undue street credibility?

(二) What did the author usually worry about?

二、课文结构分析

三、课文语法及语言点讲解

(一)比喻句的用法

(二)否定前缀“in”的用法

第三节 课后练习与阅读

一、课后练习

(一)Language Focus A、B、C、

(二)Translation A、B

二、阅读技巧与练习

第四节 写作与听力练习

一、写作练习

(一)招聘广告 (Recruitment Advertising)

1.定义

2.结构要点

(二)写作练习

请写一则招聘广告

二、听力理解

Part A Listening

Part B Viewing, listening and speaking

Part C Speaking workshop

Part D Quiz

Part E Fun Time

第七单元Office Politics(8学时)

本文通过对描写Shelley晋升未成功的例子说明了办公室政治的重要性。学生应能回答与课文相关的问题并对课文进行复述,掌握本单元生词和短语以及语法。

第一节 背景知识介绍及单词短语讲解

一、课文背景知识介绍及课前讨论

根据视频,谈谈你对办公室政治的看法

二、单词和短语讲解

(一) exclusively,uniformly,expediency,continually,relatively等重点词汇讲解

(二)make a point of, have one's eye(s) on,track record,take sth. personally等短语、习语讲解

第二节 课文内容讲解

一、阅读课文回答问题

(一) What is the positive side of the office politics?

(二) Why did Helen get promoted rather that Shelley?

二、课文结构分析

三、课文语法及语言点讲解

(一)双关等修辞手法

(二)make a point of 的用法

第三节 课后练习与阅读

一、课后练习

(一)Language Focus A、B、C、

(二)Translation A、B

二、阅读技巧与练习

第四节 写作与听力练习

一、写作练习

(一)论文摘要 (Abstract)

1.定义

2.结构要点

(二)写作:

请写一篇论文的英文摘要

二、听力理解

Part A Listening

Part B Viewing, listening and speaking

Part C Speaking workshop

Part D Quiz

Part E Fun Time

第八单元Code of Nature(8学时)

本文作者爱默生是一位著名的超验主义作家,他通过唯美的语言描绘了大自然的神秘与魅力。学生应能回答与课文相关的问题并对课文进行复述,掌握本单元生词和短语以及语法。

第一节 背景知识介绍及单词短语讲解

一、课文背景知识介绍及课前讨论

根据视频,谈谈你对大自然的理解

二、单词和短语讲解

(一) solitary,adore, reverence,inaccessible,extort, integrity等重点词汇讲解

(二)speak of,distinguish from,in the presence of,in spite of等短语、习语讲解

第二节 课文内容讲解

一、阅读课文回答问题

(一) Why does the man need to do to go into solitude?

(二) What are the features of the lover of nature?

二、课文结构分析

三、课文语法及语言点讲解

(一)排比的用法

(二)后缀-ism的用法

第三节 课后练习与阅读

一、课后练习

(一)Language Focus A、B、C、

(二)Translation A、B

二、阅读技巧与练习

第四节 写作与听力练习

一、写作练习

(一)慰问信 (Letter of Consolation)

1.定义

2.结构要点

(二)写作:

请写一封慰问信表示问候

二、听力理解

Part A Listening

Part B Viewing, listening and speaking

Part C Speaking workshop

Part D Quiz

Part E Fun Time

三、教学方法

本课程的讲授要通过教师讲解与学生练习相结合,采用启发教学法、分析法、师生互动、多媒体教学、教师引导、问答法、情景教学、课文结构分析等教学方法,并积极运用多媒体技术,理论联系实际,提高教学效果。

四、考核方式

本课程是考试课。通过平时考核、期中考查、期末闭卷考试相结合的方式考核学习效果,评定学生的综合成绩。综合成绩=平时成绩(20%)+期末成绩(80%)任课教师出题,逐步建立试卷库。

五、主要参考书目

1.邹申:《21世纪大学英语应用型综合教程(修订版)》,复旦大学出版社,2014年2月。

2.邹申:《21世纪大学英语应用型视听说教程(修订版)》,复旦大学出版社,2014年6月。

3.邹申:《21世纪大学英语应用型阅读教程》,复旦大学出版社,2014年5月。

4.邹申:《21世纪大学英语应用型综合教程教学参考书(修订版)》(上)(下),复旦大学出版社,2014年2月。

5.邹申:《21世纪大学英语应用型视听说教程教学参考书(修订版)》,复旦大学出版社,2014年2月。

6.陆谷孙:《英汉大词典》,上海译文出版社,2003年1月。

范文十:英语对很多学生来说是一个头痛的科目

英语对很多学生来说是一个头痛的科目,很多学生不喜欢学英语,甚至讨厌上英语课。

我认为,主要原因在于教师,很多老师不愿意动脑筋,习惯用传统的英语教学中的“讲授法”,照本宣科的读课文讲语法,学生只是一个课堂忠实的听众,被动的做笔记,听课,完全跟着老师的指挥棒转,课堂气氛沉闷,枯燥无味。

小学英语,我认为最主要的是培养学生对英语的兴趣,激发他们的学习兴趣比教授他们英语单词和语法更为重要。那么,怎么样培养他们的学习兴趣呢?这就一定要改变的你的固有思维,把课堂还给学生,让学生们参与到课堂中来,参与到课堂中教师给他们准备好的游戏和各类比赛中来。

带着这个理念,我总想方设法让我的课有趣,吸引他们的注意力。在我的课堂里面,知识点不多,如果像其他语文数学那样去授课的话,可能十几分钟就够了,所以在我的课堂里面,就会有非常多的游戏和比赛等着孩子们。比赛的奖励可能只是一个小小的贴纸或者一句鼓励的话,但是我却激发起了他们的好胜心和集体荣誉感,培养他们的团队合作意识。所以对于我的课,他们总是充满了期待。而我自己也总是从课堂里收获到许多快乐。

记得有一次,我和孩子们玩看图猜词的游戏,我准备好的各种动物的单词卡片,给全班同学看一眼(除了准备猜词的那个同学),然后再请一个同学来表演,让同学猜,因为我事先是有把他们分为几组的,所以每到自己组的那个同学猜不出来的时候,就会有组里面的

同学有意无意的提示出来,其他的组也纷纷抱怨不公,这样一来这个游戏就失去了他的意义。还有一些同学因为没有请他上台猜,他便觉得不管他事,自顾自的看起课外书来了。也就是这个游戏没有顾及的全局性。

通过这次的失败,我总结到:课堂一定要有课堂的约束力,游戏要有游戏的规则。教师一定要和孩子们达成一个合约,即在游戏过程中,要听指挥,有秩序,否则成绩归零。另外游戏的规则教师一定要设计好,比如这个游戏,单词卡片不应该给全班看,应该只给表扬的那个同学看,然后全班根据表演每个同学都可以参与其中,这样就顾及到了全面性。

其实游戏终究还是为我们的课堂服务的,所以,它只是一个载体,我们所要做的是怎么合理的利用好这个载体。

总之我们所做的一切,都是为了让学生更好的学好英语,爱上英语课堂。我们要朝着这个目标继续摸索前进!