英语中考知识点

英语中考知识点

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范文一:中考英语的知识点

中考英语的知识点(浙江)

2008年11月30日 星期日 18:08

1. clothes, cloth, clothing

clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of

2. incident, accident

incident指小事件, accident指不幸的事故He was killed in the accident.

3. amount, number

amount后接不可数名词, number后接可数名词 a number of students

4. family, house, home

home 家,包括住处和家人,house房子,住宅,family家庭成员. My family is a happy one.

5. sound, voice, noise

sound自然界各种各样的声音,voice人的嗓音,noise噪音I hate the loud noise outside.

6. photo, picture, drawing

photo用照相机拍摄的照片,picture可指相片,图片,电影片,drawing画的画 Let's go and see a good picture.

7. vocabulary, word

vocabulary词汇,一个人拥有的单词量,word具体的单词He has a large vocabulary.

8. population, people

population人口,人数,people具体的人 China has a large population.

9. weather, climate

weather一天内具体的天气状况,climate长期的气候状况 The climate here is not good for you.

10. road, street, path, way

road具体的公路,马路,street街道,path小路,小径,way道路,途径

take this road; in the street, show me the way to the museum.

11. course, subject

course课程(可包括多门科目),subject科目(具体的学科)a summer course

12. custom, habit

custom传统风俗,习俗,也可指生活习惯,后接to do, habit生活习惯,习惯成自然,后接of doing. I've got the habit of drinking a lot.

13. cause, reason

cause 指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接of

sth./doing sth,reason用来解释某种现象或结果的理由,后接for sth./doing sth. the reason for being late

14. exercise, exercises, practice

exercise运动,锻炼(不可数),exercises练习(可数),practice(反复做的)练习 Practice makes perfect.

15. class, lesson

16. speech, talk, lecture

speech指在公共场所所做的经过准备的较正式的演说,talk日常生活中的一般的谈话,讲话,lecture学术性的演讲,讲课 a series of lecture on…

17. officer, official

officer部队的军官,official政府官员 an army officer

18. work, job

二者均指工作。work不可数,job可数 a good job

19. couple, pair

couple主要指人或动物,pair多指由两部分组成的东西 a pair of trousers

20. country, nation, state, land

country侧重指版图,疆域,nation指人民,国民,民族,state侧重指政府,政体,land国土,国家 The whole nation was sad at the news.

21. cook, cooker

cook厨师,cooker厨具 He is a good cook.

22. damage, damages

damage不可数名词, 损害,损失; damages复数形式, 赔偿金 $900 damages

23. police, policeman

police警察的总称,后接复数谓语动词,policeman 指某个具体的警察 The police are questioning everyone in the house.

24. problem, question

problem常和困难连系,前面的动词常为think about, solve, raise,question常和疑问连系,多和ask, answer连用

25. man, a man

man人类,a man一个男人 Man will conquer nature.

26. chick, chicken

二者均可指小鸡,chicken还可以当鸡肉 The chicken is delicious.

27. telegram, telegraph

当电报解时,telegram指具体的,telegraph指抽象的 a telegram, by telegraph

28. trip, journey, travel, voyage

travel是最常用的,trip指短期的旅途,journey指稍长的旅途,voyage指海上航行 a three-day trip

29. sport, game

sport多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动,如打球,游泳,打猎,赛马等;game指决定胜负的游戏,通常有一套规则 His favorite sport is swimming.

30. price, prize

price价格,prize奖,奖品,奖金 win the first prize The price is high/low.

31. a number of, the number of

a number of许多,谓语动词用复数。the number of…的数目,谓语动词用单数。The number of students is increasing.

32. in front of, in the front of

in front of范围外的前面,in the front of范围内的前面 In the front of the room sits a boy.

33. of the day, of a day

of the day每一天的,当时的,当代的, of a day

暂时的,不长久的 a famous scientist of the day

34. three of us, the three of us

three of us我们(不止三个)中的三个,the three of us我们三个(就三个人)The three of us---Tom, Jack and I went to the cinema.

35. by bus, on the bus

by bus表手段,方式,不用冠词,on the bus表范围 They went there by bus.

36. for a moment, for the moment

for a moment 片刻,一会儿,for the moment暂时,一时 Thinking for a moment, he agreed.

37. next year, the next year

next year将来时间状语,the next year过去将来时间状语 He said he would go abroad the next year.

38. more than a year, more than one year

more than a year一年多,more than one year超过一年(两年或三年等)

39. take advice, take the(one's) advice

take advice征求意见,take the advice接受忠告 He refused to take the advice and failed again.

40. take air, take the air

take air传播,走漏,take the air到户外去,散步

We take the air every day.

41. in a word, in words

in a word总之,一句话, in words口头上 In a word, you are right.

42. in place of, in the place of

in place of代替,in the place of在…地方 A new building is built in the place of the old one.

43. in secret, in the secret

in secret秘密地,暗自地,偷偷地,一般用作状语;in the secret知道内情,知道秘密,一般用作表语 My mother was in the secret from the beginning.

44. a girl, one girl

a girl可泛指所有女孩, one girl一个女孩 Can one girl carry such a big box?

45. take a chair, take the chair

take a chair相当于sit down坐下,take the chair开始开会

46. go to sea, by sea, by the sea

go to sea当海员,出航,by sea乘船,由海路, by the sea在海边 go by sea

47. the doctor and teacher, the doctor and the teacher

the doctor and teacher指一个人,既是医生又是老师,the doctor and the teacher两个人,一个医生和一个老师 the doctor and teacher is

48. in office, in the office

in office在职的,in the office在办公室里 He is in office, not out of office.

49. in bed, on the bed

in bed卧在床上,on the bed在床上 The book is on the bed. He is ill in bed.

50. in charge of, in the charge of

in charge of管理,负责照料, in the charge of由……照料 He is in charge of the matter. The matter is in the charge of her.

51. in class, in the class

in class在课上,in the class在班级里 He is the best student in the class.

52. on fire, on the fire

on fire着火,on the fire在火上 Put the food on the fire. The house is on fire.

53. out of question, out of the question

out of question毫无疑问的,out of the question不可能的

54. a second, the second

a second又一,再一,the second第…… He won the second prize.

55. by day, by the day

by day白天,by the day按天计算 The workers are paid by the day.

56. the people, a people

the people指人,a people指民族 The Chinese is a peace-loving people.

57. it, one

it同一物体,one同类不同一 I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one.

58. that, this

that指代上文所提到的,this导出下文所要说的 I was ill. That's why…

59. none, nothing, no one

none强调有多少,nothing, no one强调有没有,nothing指物,no one指人

--- How many…/How much…? --- None.

60. anyone, any one

anyone指人,不能接of,any one指人物均可,可接of any one of you

61. who, what

who指姓名或关系,what指职业或地位 What is your dad? He is a teacher.

62. what, which

what的选择基础是无限制的,which在一定范围内进行选择 Which do you prefer, bananas or apples?

63. other, another

other后接名词复数,another后接名词单数 other students, another student

64. not a little, not a bit

not a little非常,not a bit一点也不 I'm not a bit tired. 我一点儿也不累。

65. many, much, a lot of

many和可数名词连用,much和不可数名词连用,a lot of可数,不可数均可,但不用于否定句 I haven't many books.

66. much more…than, many more…than

much more…than后接形容词或不可数名词,many more…than后接可数名词 many more people, much more water, much more beautiful

67. no, not

no=not a/any no friend=not a/any friend no

water=not any water

68. no more than, not more than

no more than相当于only,仅仅,只有,not more than 至多,不超过

69. majority, most

majority只能修饰可数名词,most可数不可数均可 the majority of people

70. by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself

by oneself单独的,独自的,for oneself为自己,to oneself供自己用的,of oneself 自行的,自动的 The door opened of itself.

71. at all, after all

at all根本,全然, after all到底,毕竟 After all he is a child.

72. tall, high

tall常指人或动物,high常指物体 He is tall.

73. fast, quickly

fast侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点,quickly侧重指某事完成或发生的快 run fast, answer the question quickly

74. high, highly

high具体的高,highly抽象的高,高度的 think highly of

75. healthy, healthful

healthy健康的,健壮的,healthful有益于健康的 healthful exercise

76. sleeping, asleep, sleepy

sleeping正在睡觉,asleep睡着,熟睡,只能做表语,sleepy困的,有睡意的 a sleeping baby The baby is asleep. I'm sleepy.

77. gold, golden

gold指真金制品,golden指金色的,但金鱼用gold fish a gold ring

78. most, mostly

most用于表感受的肯定句中,相当于very,当大部分,大多数解时是形容词或名词,mostly大部分,是副词 most people, the people are mostly…

79. just, very

just表强调时是副词,作状语,very表强调时是形容词,用作定语 the very man, just the man

80. wide, broad

wide侧重于一边到另一边的距离,broad侧重于幅面

的宽广broad shoulders

81. real, true

real真的,真实的,指的是事实上存在而不是想象的,true真的,真正的,指的是事实和实际情况相符合 real gold, a true story

82. respectful, respectable

respectful尊敬,有礼貌,respectable可敬的,值得尊敬的 be respectful to the aged

83. outwards, outward

二者均可用作副词,表示向外,外面,outward还可用作形容词 an outward voyage

84. pleasant, pleased, pleasing

pleasant常用作定语,pleased, pleasing常用作表语,pleased主语常为人,pleasing主语常为物 a pleasant trip The trip is pleasing.

85. understanding, understandable

understanding明白事理的,能体谅的,

understandable 可理解的,能够懂的 an

understanding girl, an understandable mistake

86. close, closely

close接近,靠近,closely紧紧地,紧密地 closely connected, stand close

87. ill, sick

ill做表语,sick定,表均可 a sick boy

88. good, well

good形容词,well副词,但指身体状况是形容词 He is well again.

89. quiet, silent, still

quiet安静的,可以发出小的声音,silent不发出声音,但可以动,still完全不动,完全无声响 He stand there still. 他站在那儿,一动不动,也不说话。

90. hard, hardly

hard努力,hardly几乎不 work hard I can hardly believe it.

91. able, capable

able与不定式to do连用,capable与of连用 He is capable of doing…

92. almost, nearly

二者均为

93. late, lately

late迟,晚,lately最近,近来 I haven't seen him lately.

94. living, alive, live, lively

living, alive, live均为活着的,living定表均可,alive定表均可,定语后置,live只能做定语,lively意为活波的 all the living people=all the people alive

95. excited, exciting

excited使人兴奋的,exciting令人兴奋的 I'm excited. The news is exciting.

96. deep, deeply

deep具体的深,deeply抽象的深,深深地 deeply moved, dig deep

97. aloud, loud

aloud出声地,loud大声地 read aloud(出声地读)

98. worth, worthy

二者均为值得,worth后接doing,worthy后接to be done, of being done

It is worth visiting. = It's worthy to be visited. = It's worthy of being visited.

99. bad, badly

bad形容词,badly副词,不好,但与need, want, require连用为

100. before long, long before

before long不久以后,long before很久以前 not long before = before long

101. quite, rather

quite完全地,相当于completely, rather修饰比较级 quite impossible

102. happy, glad

happy高兴,幸福,定表均可,glad高兴,只能做表语 a happy girl

103. instead, instead of

instead是副词,放在句首或句末,instead of是介词短语,放在句中He didn't see a film. Instead he watched TV. He watched TV instead of seeing a film.

104. too much, much too

too much 后接不可数名词,much too后接形容词 much too heavy

105. be about to, be going to, be to do

be about to表最近的将来,后面不接时间状语,be going to 侧重打算,想法,be to do侧重意志,计划,安排I'm to meet him.(含双方事先约好的意思) 106. raise, rise

raise及物动词,rise不及物动词 The sun rises in

the east.

107. bring, take, carry, fetch

bring拿来,take带走,carry随身携带,fetch去回这一往返动作 fetch a box of chalk

108. spend, take, pay, cost

spend人做主语,花钱,花时间; spend…on sth./in doing sth; take物做主语,花时间; pay人做主语,花钱,pay for; cost物做主语,花钱

109. join, join in, take part in

join加入某个组织,并成为其中的一员;join in参加小型的活动, join sb. in;take part in 参加大型的活动 He joined the army five years ago. 110. learn, study

learn学习,侧重学习的结果,study学习,侧重学习的过程,研究

study the problem

111. want, hope, wish

want打算,想要,want to do, want sb. to do, hope希望(通常可以实现),hope to do/ hope that… wish希望(通常不能实现)wish (sb.) to do, wish sb/sth. + n. I wish you success.

112. discover, invent, find out

discover发现本来存在但不为人所知的东西,invent发明本来不存在的物体,find out发现,查明 At last he found out the truth.

113. answer, reply

answer及物动词,reply不及物动词,后接 to reply to the letter

114. leave, leave for

leave离开,leave for前往 He left Beijing for Shanghai.

115. rob, steal

rob抢劫 rob sb. of sth.,steal偷 steal sth. from sb.

116. shoot, shoot at

shoot射死,shoot at瞄准,但不一定射中 He shot the bird and it died.

117. drop, fall

drop及物不及物均可,fall不及物动词 Prices fell/dropped. He dropped his voice.

118. search, search for

search后接地点,search for后接东西 He searched his pocket for money.

119. used to, be used to

used to过去常常,be used to习惯于,后接

sth./doing sth.;被用来,后接 do sth. He is used to getting up early.

120. win, lose, beat

win后接sth.,反义词为lose, beat后接sb. win the game, beat them

中考英语的知识点(浙江)

2008年11月30日 星期日 18:08

1. clothes, cloth, clothing

clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of

2. incident, accident

incident指小事件, accident指不幸的事故He was killed in the accident.

3. amount, number

amount后接不可数名词, number后接可数名词 a number of students

4. family, house, home

home 家,包括住处和家人,house房子,住宅,family家庭成员. My family is a happy one.

5. sound, voice, noise

sound自然界各种各样的声音,voice人的嗓音,noise噪音I hate the loud noise outside.

6. photo, picture, drawing

photo用照相机拍摄的照片,picture可指相片,图片,电影片,drawing画的画 Let's go and see a good picture.

7. vocabulary, word

vocabulary词汇,一个人拥有的单词量,word具体的单词He has a large vocabulary.

8. population, people

population人口,人数,people具体的人 China has a large population.

9. weather, climate

weather一天内具体的天气状况,climate长期的气候状况 The climate here is not good for you.

10. road, street, path, way

road具体的公路,马路,street街道,path小路,小径,way道路,途径

take this road; in the street, show me the way to the museum.

11. course, subject

course课程(可包括多门科目),subject科目(具体的学科)a summer course

12. custom, habit

custom传统风俗,习俗,也可指生活习惯,后接to do, habit生活习惯,习惯成自然,后接of doing. I've got the habit of drinking a lot.

13. cause, reason

cause 指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接of

sth./doing sth,reason用来解释某种现象或结果的理由,后接for sth./doing sth. the reason for being late

14. exercise, exercises, practice

exercise运动,锻炼(不可数),exercises练习(可数),practice(反复做的)练习 Practice makes perfect.

15. class, lesson

16. speech, talk, lecture

speech指在公共场所所做的经过准备的较正式的演说,talk日常生活中的一般的谈话,讲话,lecture学术性的演讲,讲课 a series of lecture on…

17. officer, official

officer部队的军官,official政府官员 an army officer

18. work, job

二者均指工作。work不可数,job可数 a good job

19. couple, pair

couple主要指人或动物,pair多指由两部分组成的东西 a pair of trousers

20. country, nation, state, land

country侧重指版图,疆域,nation指人民,国民,民族,state侧重指政府,政体,land国土,国家 The whole nation was sad at the news.

21. cook, cooker

cook厨师,cooker厨具 He is a good cook.

22. damage, damages

damage不可数名词, 损害,损失; damages复数形式, 赔偿金 $900 damages

23. police, policeman

police警察的总称,后接复数谓语动词,policeman 指某个具体的警察 The police are questioning everyone in the house.

24. problem, question

problem常和困难连系,前面的动词常为think about, solve, raise,question常和疑问连系,多和ask, answer连用

25. man, a man

man人类,a man一个男人 Man will conquer nature.

26. chick, chicken

二者均可指小鸡,chicken还可以当鸡肉 The chicken is delicious.

27. telegram, telegraph

当电报解时,telegram指具体的,telegraph指抽象的 a telegram, by telegraph

28. trip, journey, travel, voyage

travel是最常用的,trip指短期的旅途,journey指稍长的旅途,voyage指海上航行 a three-day trip

29. sport, game

sport多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动,如打球,游泳,打猎,赛马等;game指决定胜负的游戏,通常有一套规则 His favorite sport is swimming.

30. price, prize

price价格,prize奖,奖品,奖金 win the first prize The price is high/low.

31. a number of, the number of

a number of许多,谓语动词用复数。the number of…的数目,谓语动词用单数。The number of students is increasing.

32. in front of, in the front of

in front of范围外的前面,in the front of范围内的前面 In the front of the room sits a boy.

33. of the day, of a day

of the day每一天的,当时的,当代的, of a day

暂时的,不长久的 a famous scientist of the day

34. three of us, the three of us

three of us我们(不止三个)中的三个,the three of us我们三个(就三个人)The three of us---Tom, Jack and I went to the cinema.

35. by bus, on the bus

by bus表手段,方式,不用冠词,on the bus表范围 They went there by bus.

36. for a moment, for the moment

for a moment 片刻,一会儿,for the moment暂时,一时 Thinking for a moment, he agreed.

37. next year, the next year

next year将来时间状语,the next year过去将来时间状语 He said he would go abroad the next year.

38. more than a year, more than one year

more than a year一年多,more than one year超过一年(两年或三年等)

39. take advice, take the(one's) advice

take advice征求意见,take the advice接受忠告 He refused to take the advice and failed again.

40. take air, take the air

take air传播,走漏,take the air到户外去,散步

We take the air every day.

41. in a word, in words

in a word总之,一句话, in words口头上 In a word, you are right.

42. in place of, in the place of

in place of代替,in the place of在…地方 A new building is built in the place of the old one.

43. in secret, in the secret

in secret秘密地,暗自地,偷偷地,一般用作状语;in the secret知道内情,知道秘密,一般用作表语 My mother was in the secret from the beginning.

44. a girl, one girl

a girl可泛指所有女孩, one girl一个女孩 Can one girl carry such a big box?

45. take a chair, take the chair

take a chair相当于sit down坐下,take the chair开始开会

46. go to sea, by sea, by the sea

go to sea当海员,出航,by sea乘船,由海路, by the sea在海边 go by sea

47. the doctor and teacher, the doctor and the teacher

the doctor and teacher指一个人,既是医生又是老师,the doctor and the teacher两个人,一个医生和一个老师 the doctor and teacher is

48. in office, in the office

in office在职的,in the office在办公室里 He is in office, not out of office.

49. in bed, on the bed

in bed卧在床上,on the bed在床上 The book is on the bed. He is ill in bed.

50. in charge of, in the charge of

in charge of管理,负责照料, in the charge of由……照料 He is in charge of the matter. The matter is in the charge of her.

51. in class, in the class

in class在课上,in the class在班级里 He is the best student in the class.

52. on fire, on the fire

on fire着火,on the fire在火上 Put the food on the fire. The house is on fire.

53. out of question, out of the question

out of question毫无疑问的,out of the question不可能的

54. a second, the second

a second又一,再一,the second第…… He won the second prize.

55. by day, by the day

by day白天,by the day按天计算 The workers are paid by the day.

56. the people, a people

the people指人,a people指民族 The Chinese is a peace-loving people.

57. it, one

it同一物体,one同类不同一 I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one.

58. that, this

that指代上文所提到的,this导出下文所要说的 I was ill. That's why…

59. none, nothing, no one

none强调有多少,nothing, no one强调有没有,nothing指物,no one指人

--- How many…/How much…? --- None.

60. anyone, any one

anyone指人,不能接of,any one指人物均可,可接of any one of you

61. who, what

who指姓名或关系,what指职业或地位 What is your dad? He is a teacher.

62. what, which

what的选择基础是无限制的,which在一定范围内进行选择 Which do you prefer, bananas or apples?

63. other, another

other后接名词复数,another后接名词单数 other students, another student

64. not a little, not a bit

not a little非常,not a bit一点也不 I'm not a bit tired. 我一点儿也不累。

65. many, much, a lot of

many和可数名词连用,much和不可数名词连用,a lot of可数,不可数均可,但不用于否定句 I haven't many books.

66. much more…than, many more…than

much more…than后接形容词或不可数名词,many more…than后接可数名词 many more people, much more water, much more beautiful

67. no, not

no=not a/any no friend=not a/any friend no

water=not any water

68. no more than, not more than

no more than相当于only,仅仅,只有,not more than 至多,不超过

69. majority, most

majority只能修饰可数名词,most可数不可数均可 the majority of people

70. by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself

by oneself单独的,独自的,for oneself为自己,to oneself供自己用的,of oneself 自行的,自动的 The door opened of itself.

71. at all, after all

at all根本,全然, after all到底,毕竟 After all he is a child.

72. tall, high

tall常指人或动物,high常指物体 He is tall.

73. fast, quickly

fast侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点,quickly侧重指某事完成或发生的快 run fast, answer the question quickly

74. high, highly

high具体的高,highly抽象的高,高度的 think highly of

75. healthy, healthful

healthy健康的,健壮的,healthful有益于健康的 healthful exercise

76. sleeping, asleep, sleepy

sleeping正在睡觉,asleep睡着,熟睡,只能做表语,sleepy困的,有睡意的 a sleeping baby The baby is asleep. I'm sleepy.

77. gold, golden

gold指真金制品,golden指金色的,但金鱼用gold fish a gold ring

78. most, mostly

most用于表感受的肯定句中,相当于very,当大部分,大多数解时是形容词或名词,mostly大部分,是副词 most people, the people are mostly…

79. just, very

just表强调时是副词,作状语,very表强调时是形容词,用作定语 the very man, just the man

80. wide, broad

wide侧重于一边到另一边的距离,broad侧重于幅面

的宽广broad shoulders

81. real, true

real真的,真实的,指的是事实上存在而不是想象的,true真的,真正的,指的是事实和实际情况相符合 real gold, a true story

82. respectful, respectable

respectful尊敬,有礼貌,respectable可敬的,值得尊敬的 be respectful to the aged

83. outwards, outward

二者均可用作副词,表示向外,外面,outward还可用作形容词 an outward voyage

84. pleasant, pleased, pleasing

pleasant常用作定语,pleased, pleasing常用作表语,pleased主语常为人,pleasing主语常为物 a pleasant trip The trip is pleasing.

85. understanding, understandable

understanding明白事理的,能体谅的,

understandable 可理解的,能够懂的 an

understanding girl, an understandable mistake

86. close, closely

close接近,靠近,closely紧紧地,紧密地 closely connected, stand close

87. ill, sick

ill做表语,sick定,表均可 a sick boy

88. good, well

good形容词,well副词,但指身体状况是形容词 He is well again.

89. quiet, silent, still

quiet安静的,可以发出小的声音,silent不发出声音,但可以动,still完全不动,完全无声响 He stand there still. 他站在那儿,一动不动,也不说话。

90. hard, hardly

hard努力,hardly几乎不 work hard I can hardly believe it.

91. able, capable

able与不定式to do连用,capable与of连用 He is capable of doing…

92. almost, nearly

二者均为

93. late, lately

late迟,晚,lately最近,近来 I haven't seen him lately.

94. living, alive, live, lively

living, alive, live均为活着的,living定表均可,alive定表均可,定语后置,live只能做定语,lively意为活波的 all the living people=all the people alive

95. excited, exciting

excited使人兴奋的,exciting令人兴奋的 I'm excited. The news is exciting.

96. deep, deeply

deep具体的深,deeply抽象的深,深深地 deeply moved, dig deep

97. aloud, loud

aloud出声地,loud大声地 read aloud(出声地读)

98. worth, worthy

二者均为值得,worth后接doing,worthy后接to be done, of being done

It is worth visiting. = It's worthy to be visited. = It's worthy of being visited.

99. bad, badly

bad形容词,badly副词,不好,但与need, want, require连用为

100. before long, long before

before long不久以后,long before很久以前 not long before = before long

101. quite, rather

quite完全地,相当于completely, rather修饰比较级 quite impossible

102. happy, glad

happy高兴,幸福,定表均可,glad高兴,只能做表语 a happy girl

103. instead, instead of

instead是副词,放在句首或句末,instead of是介词短语,放在句中He didn't see a film. Instead he watched TV. He watched TV instead of seeing a film.

104. too much, much too

too much 后接不可数名词,much too后接形容词 much too heavy

105. be about to, be going to, be to do

be about to表最近的将来,后面不接时间状语,be going to 侧重打算,想法,be to do侧重意志,计划,安排I'm to meet him.(含双方事先约好的意思) 106. raise, rise

raise及物动词,rise不及物动词 The sun rises in

the east.

107. bring, take, carry, fetch

bring拿来,take带走,carry随身携带,fetch去回这一往返动作 fetch a box of chalk

108. spend, take, pay, cost

spend人做主语,花钱,花时间; spend…on sth./in doing sth; take物做主语,花时间; pay人做主语,花钱,pay for; cost物做主语,花钱

109. join, join in, take part in

join加入某个组织,并成为其中的一员;join in参加小型的活动, join sb. in;take part in 参加大型的活动 He joined the army five years ago. 110. learn, study

learn学习,侧重学习的结果,study学习,侧重学习的过程,研究

study the problem

111. want, hope, wish

want打算,想要,want to do, want sb. to do, hope希望(通常可以实现),hope to do/ hope that… wish希望(通常不能实现)wish (sb.) to do, wish sb/sth. + n. I wish you success.

112. discover, invent, find out

discover发现本来存在但不为人所知的东西,invent发明本来不存在的物体,find out发现,查明 At last he found out the truth.

113. answer, reply

answer及物动词,reply不及物动词,后接 to reply to the letter

114. leave, leave for

leave离开,leave for前往 He left Beijing for Shanghai.

115. rob, steal

rob抢劫 rob sb. of sth.,steal偷 steal sth. from sb.

116. shoot, shoot at

shoot射死,shoot at瞄准,但不一定射中 He shot the bird and it died.

117. drop, fall

drop及物不及物均可,fall不及物动词 Prices fell/dropped. He dropped his voice.

118. search, search for

search后接地点,search for后接东西 He searched his pocket for money.

119. used to, be used to

used to过去常常,be used to习惯于,后接

sth./doing sth.;被用来,后接 do sth. He is used to getting up early.

120. win, lose, beat

win后接sth.,反义词为lose, beat后接sb. win the game, beat them

范文二:中考英语知识点

中考英语知识点

一、易混词组辨析

look after / look sth up / look for / look out / look at / look over(检查) put out / put up / put on / put sth away / put off / pick up / pick in all 总共、总计/ after all 毕竟、终究/ at all

take off / get off / get out 逃脱;泄露

turn off / turn on / turn up / turn down / turn in 归还、上交

look for / work for / run for竞选 / search for

give out 分发;发出(光、声音等)/ give up / give away赠送;泄露/ give in / give off 发出(光、声音等),散发出(气味)

find out / make sure / try out试验, 选拔

break in / break into / break out /break down

dress sb up / cheer sb up /

think of / think about 考虑/ think over

go on holiday /be on holiday /go for a holiday

dream of /dream about

look down on

drop behind 落后 drop in /by(顺便走访某人)

work out /算出;弄懂;想出;解决;产生结果

remind 提醒;使想起remind sb to do sth; remind sb of sth offer 提供 offer sth

matter 重要

二、虚拟语气

用在动词 insist (坚持要求), suggest (建议), order (命令), propose (建议), demand (要求)等后面的宾语从句用: (should ) + 动词原形 (如果上述动词不表示主张、建议等时,而表示其他意义时,仍用陈述语气。)

wish 后从句 + (动词过去时、were )

It’s ( high) time that… + (动词过去时 )

It’s the second/third time that + (完成时)

It is time that…从句谓语动词用过去时

wish + 从句:表现在的愿望—— 过去时

表将来的愿望——过去将来

表过去的愿望—— 过去完成 三、倒装句

全部倒装:

Ø there be句型

Ø here, there, now, then, in, out 等副词置于句首时,主谓倒装,但如果主语是人称代词时,则不倒装。

部分倒装 :

Ø so, neither, nor置于句首说明与前者情况一致时。

Ø only+状语置于句首:Only through this method can we win. Ø 含有否定意义的词置于句首:hardly, not, seldom, no sooner, never, little: Never had I heard that.

Ø So +形容词或副词开头的句子,So heavy is the box that he

cannot carry it.

四、情态动词 ◎表―可能‖:肯定句中,may

表示实际的、马上能应验的具体的可能性; can 表示理论上的、按常理推断的、抽象的可能性。否定句中,may not 也许不 ;can not 不可能

◎表―推测‖ 有把握程度递增:

might –_may – could – can – should –

ought to – would – will – must

◎表请求、允许、允诺

当你自己是决策者,给对方或第三者以命令、警告、允诺或威胁时,要用shall。此外当宣布法律、规定时,也要用shall。

You shall leave the room at once, and he also shall.

n Shall I /we / he / they…? Would you…? Could /Might I …?在请求允许时使用could 或might 更显礼貌,但在表示允许某人

做某事时,通常用can / may ,或其他更温和的回答方式:Yes,

please./ I’d rather you didn’t. I am afraid not. You’d better not

◎表示必要性

must 表―必须‖、否定是―不许‖ ―绝对禁止‖着重表示客观上的―必须‖,如其他人、法律、自然规律、政府要求做的事。

n don’t have to / don’t need to do sth / needn’t do 表不必

n should 表必要性,意为―(义务上)应该,比must弱。

详解

1、can / could / be able to

1)表能力:表示现在的或一般的能力时,can比be able to更普遍。一般的能力即你无论什么时间想做就能做到的能力。

cannot / can 不能表示是否做成了这件事。表示成功地做了某事(尤其是指在过去的某一时间)一般要用 was/ were able to。was / were able to表示在通过努力后才能达到的能力。相当于managed to do something / succeeded in doing sth

表示经过努力而成功的某一次动作,只能用was/were able to,而不能用could。

2)表推测 (可能性):所谓客观的(理论的)可能性, 即并不涉及具体某事是否会发生,此种用法常常可以说明人或事物的特征。 can可用于肯定句中表示客观的可能性;而表示具体事情实际发生的可能

性时, can 一般不用于肯定句。

Accident can happen on such rainy days.

Fire can / could be dangerous if we are not careful

3)客观(理论的)的可能性can 4)具体事情实际发生的可能性

5)表请求、允许、允诺 6)表必要性

2、may, might

1)表推测,意为―可能、也许‖,用于肯定句中。

2)表请求、许可,意为―可以‖。3)表祝愿 4)may well 很可能

5)may as well 比had better 弱,勉强、迁就、无奈:―还是…的好, 不妨‖

3、must , have to

1). 表―必须‖ 2). 表 ― 推测‖

3.) 表―偏要‖

The car must break down just we were starting our holidays.

4、shall, should

1.) 表建议或征求对方同意。

2.) 表说话人的承诺、指示或命令。

3)表法律、规章上的―必须‖。

4)表示道义上的―应该‖、―应当‖。

5.)表示推测上的―应该‖、―可能‖。

5、Should

1)应当。You shouldn’t drink and drive.

2)该,可以。Should I call him and apologize?

3)(预期)可能,应该会。The roads should be less crowded today.

4)(与预期相反)本应。The bus should have arrived 10 minutes ago.

5)(表示虚拟结果)就将。

If I were asked to work on Sundays, I should resign.

6)(在间接引语中表示shall的过去时)

I asked him what time he should come

6、should, ought to

1)在表示―义务‖或―职责‖、―推论‖时含义相同。

2)表示―应该‖时,一般也可以通用,ought to 语气更强些,强调―有责任、有义务‖做某事,或―按道理应该如何‖; 与must不同,它不涉及说话人的权威,也与have to 不同,它也不涉及外界的权威。 should 含有―劝告、建议‖的语气,即―按我的想法应该如何‖的意思should & ought to

3)表―推测‖时,可译为―可能、该、估计、按理应当‖

7、will, would

1)表意愿

2) 表习惯:表示习惯性、重复性或典型性的动作。用一般现在时表示习惯性、重复性动作时,强调―描述性‖,而使用will+ 动词原形则在于强调―预断性‖

3)表规律 4)表推测(想必、也许、大概、可能)

5) 表习惯性动作 6)表执意、坚持 7) 表推测 8) 表礼貌

9、need, dare既可作情态动词,也可作实义动词。

1)dare 除了与need 相同的用法外,还有一些助动词和实义动词用法的混合现象。如:

I daren’t quarrel with them.

I don’t dare quarrel (to) with them

10、完成时连用及补充

1)should have done / ought to have done 表示应该做而未做 (往往含有批评、责备之意)

2) ought not to have done ―本不应该做某事但实际上却做了‖

即指―某人做了傻事、错事或蠢事‖因而,往往含有批评、责备

之意。

3) must have done 表对过去事实的肯定推测

4) could have done 表示本可以做某事

5) 表推测:把握大:must (肯定)can’t (否定) can (客观性推测)

6) 把握小:may / might may not

◎练习

1. Michael ______ be a policeman, for he is much too short.

A. needn’t B. can’t C. should D. may

2. I told Sally how to get here, but perhaps I ____ for her.

A. had to write it out B. must have written it out

C. should have written it out D. ought to write it out

3. Jack _____ yet, otherwise he would have telephoned me.

A. mustn’t have arrived B. shouldn’t have arrived

C. can’t have arrived D. needn’t have arrived

4. Sir, you ______be sitting in this waiting room. It is for women and children only.

A. mustn’t B. can’t C. won’t D. needn’t

5. A left-luggage office is a place where bags ____

be left for a short time, especially at a railway station.

A. should B. can C. must D. will

6. — Is John coming by train?

— He should, but he_____not. He likes driving his car.

A. must B. can C. need D. may

7. It has been announced that candidates _______ remain in their seats until all the papers have been collected.

A. can B. will C. may D. shall

8. You can’t imagine that a well-behaved gentleman ______ be so rude to a lady.

A. might B. need C. should D. would

9. —Don’t forget to come to my birthday party tomorrow. —_______.

A. I don’t B. I won’t C. I can’t D. I haven’t

10. I didn’t see her in the meeting-room this morning. She ______ at

the meeting.

A. mustn’t have spoken B. shouldn’t have spoken

C. needn’t have spoken D. couldn’t have spoken

1. B 从第二个分句―他太矮了‖可以推知说话者持否定态度,needn’t意思是―没有必要‖,与语境不符。

2. C 根据句意―我已经告诉她怎样到那儿,但是或许我应该给她写下来‖可知,说话者含有―后悔、遗憾‖的意味,应使用―情态动词+完成式‖形式,―must+完成式‖表示对过去的肯定推测,―should+完成式‖才表示虚拟意义。

3. C 根据第二分句―否则的话他就会给我打电话了‖可知―Jack肯定还没到‖,―can’t+完成式‖意思是―根本不可能‖。

4. A 从第二分句可知,这是妇女和儿童专用候车室,因此你―不准‖坐在这儿。mustn’t表示―禁止,不准‖。

5. B can在此表示许可。

6. D 从后一句―他喜欢开车‖可知说话者把握不大。must not不表示推测,can not的语气太绝对,意思是―根本不可能‖。

7. D shall用于第二、三人称,表示说话人给对方的命令、警告、允诺、威胁等意思。

8. C should在此表示惊讶的感情色彩,意思是―竟然‖。

9. B 对祈使句的肯定回答用I will;否定回答用I won’t。

10. D 根据句意―我今天上午在会议室没见到她‖, 所以―她根本不可能在会上发言‖。表示―根本不可能‖用can’t/couldn’t have done形式。

范文三:中考英语知识点

固定搭配:

1. to sb. 为…所熟悉;对某人而言很熟悉;对某人来说很熟悉

Your name is familiar to me.

with sth. 熟悉某事。

He is very familiar with the street.

2. sb. with sth. 提供给某人某物

provide

sth. for sb. 向某人提供某物

3. It’s custom for sb. to do sth. 习惯于某人做某事,某人习惯于做某事

customs 海关

4. deal with ( delt, delt) 处理;涉及;做生意

We often deal with him.我们经常与他打交道。

5. with 与…相比较,compare A with B把A与B作比较

Compare

to 把...比作,比喻为

How does your bike compare with mine? 你的自行车怎么能和我的自行车相比呢? How does this car compare to that car?相比那辆车,这这辆车如何呢?

6. hang,hanged,hanged 吊死

Hang,hung,hung 悬挂

7. cultural adj., culture n. 文化,文明;修养;栽培

8. mind doing sth. 介意去做…;介意做某事 I don't mind doing that.

9. with 为……所喜欢;受……欢迎

Be popular

among 受……欢迎, 受女孩子欢迎

The concept would surely be popular with consumers.这种理念很有可能在消费者中流行.

10. The + adj. 表一类人,如The young, The rich

11. 加er的不一定都表示人,如sleeper 卧铺(火车),cooker 厨具,chef 厨师,大师傅

12. plan, planned, planned

13. 感观动词的用法

observe

watch

see do 经常

notice sb.

listen to doing 正在

hear

feel

14. 填空注意判断:①词性 ②词义 ③动词的时态、语态,名词的单复数,名词变形容词,形容词变副词。

15. ly结尾的形容词:

ugly (adj. 丑陋的;令人厌恶的;邪恶的)

friendly (adj. 友好的;亲切的;支持的;融洽的,和睦的,adv. 温和地;友善地) lovely (adj. 可爱的;令人愉快的)

lively (adj. 活泼的;生动的;真实的;生气勃勃的)

likely (adj. 很可能的;合适的;有希望的, adv. 很可能;或许)

lonely (adj. 寂寞的;偏僻的, n. 孤独者)

16.

when

If

not … until 直到…才 unless 除非,如果不 主将从现(主句用将来时,从句用现在时) as soon as 一…就 as long as once (一旦) So we can do this directly as long as we have certain types of information.因此,只要知道了信息的一定类型,我们就可以直接做到这一点。

17. in 年、月、季、早、午、晚, in the room在房间里 in town在城里 in summer在夏天 in this century在本世纪

on 具体某一天

at 具体某一时刻(中午、黎明、晚上)at 3:00,at dawn黎明时 at night在夜间,at home

18. how often 多久一次, 答复:once, twice

how soon 多久;多快;多少时间之后 in

how long 多长时间, 有多久 for,since

how far 多远, 离多远;到什么范围或程度

19. must、can、may的用法

Must I do homework?

Yes,you must.

No, you needn’t. (you don’t have to)

May I sit here?

Yes, you can.

No, you mustn’t.(禁止、不准)

It must be Eric.

It can’t be Eric.

Should = ought to 应该, ought not to不应该

You ought to be ashamed of your foolish behaviour. 你应当为自己的愚蠢行为而感到羞耻。 You ought not to work so hard. 你不应该这么拼命工作。

20. 修饰比较级必须用much (不能用more)

Believe me,you really look much better than before. 相信我,你看起来真的比以前好多了.

21. 将来时的典型时间状语

In the future, next, tomorrow, from now on (从现在开始), in the near future

现在完成时的典型时间状语

since, ever, for, already, never, yet, just now

过去进行时的典型时间状语

at this time yesterday, from 7 to 9 yesterday,

22. 非谓语动词:

① v. + doing, 只能跟动名词的动词:

Finish(完成), practice(练习), be worth(值得), be busy(忙的,忙于), keep(保持), be used to(习惯于), give up(放弃), consider(考虑,认为), suggest(建议), can’t help(禁不住), feel like(想要), enjoy(欣赏), miss(漏掉;错过;想念), mind(介意;专心于;照

料),

② v.+ to do, 否定式: v. + not to do, 只能跟动词不定式的动词:

Want, hope(希望), wish(祝愿;渴望), promise(允诺,许诺), agree(同意;赞成), ask, offer(提供;出价), refuse(拒绝), manage(管理;经营), learn(学习;得知), decide(决定), plan(计划), choose(选择)

③使役动词不加to

let let

have sb. do, 否定式:have sb. not do

make make

23. another 另一个

others 另外一些

24. the other 最后一个(两个里面剩下的一个) the others 最后一些,其余的(表示在一个范围内的其他全部)

to do (没做)

forget (忘记)

doing (做了,做过)

I forget bring book for you. (我忘了已带书给你了。)

25. 宾语从句

①陈述句语序(主谓宾)

②主现从随便

③主过从必过

④真理永远用现在时

26. the + 比较级,the + 比较级:越…越

比较级 and 比较级:越来越

27. 固定搭配

Sth. cost(花费) sb. some money

on sth.

Spend(花费)

(in) doing sth.

It takes sb. some time to do sth.

pay … for为…而付钱;为…付出代价

I have paid thirty dollars for these book. 为这些书我付了30美元。

28. 物主代词后面没有名词----名词性物主代词

名词性物主代词:单数形式:mine(我的xx),yours(你的xx),his /hers /its(他的xx、她的xx、它的xx)。复数形式:ours(我们的xx),yours(你们的xx), theirs(他们的xx)。 He likes my pen. He doesn’t like hers.

29. a waste of 浪费,dozens of = many

30. 有动词后跟动名词和不定式意思不一样

Stop to do (另一件事) 停下来去做某事/停下正在做的事情

Continue 继续做某事/一直做(同一件事)

Go on doing (同一件事) 接着,继续去;转入/继续做某事

Teacher ask the students stop talking, the students stop to listen.

31. honesty (n. 诚实,正直), 反义词dishonesty (n. 不诚实;欺诈;不正直)

32. succeed in doing (成功地做某事), success(n. 成功,成就;胜利), successful (adj.)

If we have no knowledge, we cannot succeed in doing any work. 如果我们没有知识,我们

就不能做成功任何事情。

33. manage to do (挣扎做某事;设法完成某事)

It should be possible for most people to manage to do it.大多数人应该都能做到。

34. invent (vt. 发明;创造;虚构), inventor (n. 发明家;[专利] 发明人;创造者)

35. satisfy with (使对…感到满意)

My customer is quite satisfy with your serveice. 我的顾客对你的服务很满意。

36. 考点:词性、词意、动词时态、语态,形容词、副词的比较级和最高级

37. so …(adj.) that

如此 … 以至于

such …(n.) that

38. 反身代词

help

by

enjoy oneself

look after(照顾 teach

help yourself

39. 可数名词、不可数名词

可数 不可数

有一些(有) a few a little

几乎没有(否) few little

40. …的

有生命的 + ‘s: Jerry’s leg

有生命的复数 +’ : students’ book

无生命的用of: The leg of the desk.

41. some time 一段时间要分开

sometime (将来)某一时候(间)要靠拢

some times 几次分开 + s

sometimes 有时靠拢 + s

42. gossip n. 小道传闻;随笔;爱说长道短的人vi. 闲聊;传播流言蜚语

puppy love 早恋,first love 初恋

43. 状语从句,主将从现

If

When

not … until

unless

as soon as

as long as

once (一旦)

44. too … to (太…以至于)

45. have been to 去了已归

have gone to 去了未归

46. 时间标志词

for

since

already

yet

hever

ever

just now

47. 反意疑问句

前肯后否 XH is a girl, isn’t she?

前否后肯 XH isn’t a girl, is he?

按事实回答 No, he isn’t. (不要Yes)

48. 否定的词

never, none, no, nothing, nobody, not, blindly, seldom, few, little, rarely

There is little water, is there?

She has to stop eating, doesn’t she?

She has gone to BJ, hasn’t she?

49. although, though不能跟but连用,但可以跟yet连用,表但是

50. 感叹句:

多么:How … adj./adv.

什么:What … n.

51. 定语从句

The place which interested me

做状语从句,地点用where

52. why = for + which

Where = 介词 + which

When = 介词 + which

53. sth. harm to (对······有害)

54. hear of 听说

Hear from 收到sb.来信

Listen to 听

Think of 想

Stop

Keep

… from doing

Prevent (阻止 Out of reach (够不着)

Make up one’s mind 下定决心做某事

55. murmur 自言自语

56. make progress (取得进展;前进)

Give a speech on/about (关于…的演讲)

57. to do (暂时性的动作)

like

doing (表习惯)连续的动作

58. 名词的复数

Hobbies, 辅

去y

加ies

Boys

元y 加s

, Wife wives

(特例)其他的f改为v加es

59.

Yes, I’d like/love to.

No, thanks.

61. 英语分数的表示

分子用基数词,分母用序数词,如果分子大于1,分母用复数

62. of 看得出材料

Be made

63.

from 看不出材料 Wine is made from grapes. The desk is made of wood. 冠词用法 a/an 不定冠词 an第一个发音是元音音标 the 定冠词 / 0冠词 A university, a European The: 独(独一无二) 旧(上文提到的) 双(双方皆知) 方(方位,方向) 级(最高级) 乐(西洋乐器)只跟play连用加the 序(序数词) 姓(姓氏):the 姓氏+s表该姓氏的一家人 形(the + 形容词)表一类人 山河(山川、河流)

惯(习惯用法)

党团

0冠词:

人名、地名、抽象名词如water

复数泛指

年、月、季节、假日、餐(三餐与have连用不加冠词)、球(与play连用如play baseketball)

语言、学科、运动、车(by bus, by直接加交通工具,in/on +修饰词+交通工具) Take a taxi

64. in order to do

in order that = so that 目的是,为了…

65. hundreds of 成百(无法计数用s)

5 hundred (可以计数不加s),thansand 同理

66. while只能用于进行时态

Whatever(管他的,随便)

Whatever = no matter what

67. 瞬间动词不能与一段时间词连用(如buy,borrow等瞬间动词)

68. 祈使句的疑问句:

Let’s …., shall we?

其他问句:……, will you?

69. 反意疑问句,注意区分实义动词和助动词。

He had a good time, didn’t he?(实义动词)

She has to stop eating, doesn’t she? (实义动词)

She has been to Beijing, hasn’t she? (助动词,完成式)

70. 定语从句只能用that的情况

①先行词中有最高级

②先行词中有序数词

③先行词中有人和物

④There be

⑤The only, the very, the one 不定代词等

71. be full of = be filled with

72. catch , caught

73. 说话人的能力,be + 语言

74. tell a secrete/story

75. about

Talk

to/with

76. speak highly of sb.

77. on time按时,in time准时

78. keep come保持镇定

79. accident 事故

80. traffic jam 堵车

81. flea market跳蚤市场

82. A flea and a fly flew up in a flue. Said the flea, “Let’s fly!”, said the fly, “Let’s flee!”

. So they

flew through a flaw in the flue.

83. manage to do sth. 努力做某事

84. be late for class

85. decide to do sth.

86. in favor of 喜欢

87. resource-hungry 资源浪费

88. keep fit = keep healthy

89. get out of 从…逃出

90. be used to do 被用来做…

91. compete v., competition n., competitor n., competitive adj.

Many competitive competitor competed in a competition.

92. 组合词 snow-white, warm-hearted, cold-blooded, eggplant(茄子), toothbrush, toothpaste,

93. 阅读:记叙文:一堆人名肯定是记叙文

要点: ①先看问题

②找关键词

③划出来

④检查答案

94. 阅读:说明文

要点: ①看题目

②首尾段、首尾句

95. 阅读:议论文:一些人说,另一些人说

要点: ①分析每道题

②每个人的观点

③作者观点、态度

范文四:英语中考知识点

英语中考知识点

词的分类

一、名词

(1)、可数名词(单数、复数)

(2)、不可数名词(不可数名词表示数量时,前边须加量词)

3、名词与句子的主谓一致关系

4、名词所有格:

(1)、of所有格

(2)、’s所有格

(3)、双重所有格

二、冠词(难点)

1、不定冠词(a, an)的用法

2、定冠词(the)的用法(记忆口诀:特指、重提和唯一;岛屿、海峡与海湾;海洋、党派最高级;沙漠、河流与群山;方位、顺序和乐器;年代、团体与机关;船名、建筑和组织;会议、条约与报刊;姓氏复数国全名。)

3、不用冠词的情况(有六种情况)

三、数词

1、数词的形

2、数词的用法:基数词的读法、基数词变为序数词的方法、数词的复数形式

3、数词的表示方法及读法:

(1)、分数的表示方法及读法

(2)、小数的表示方法及读法

(3)、百分数的表示方法及读法

4、年、月、日、时刻的表示方法及读法

四、代词

1、人称代词的用法及五种形式的区别

2、物主代词

(2)、名词性物主代词和“形容词性物主代词+名词”

3、指示代词

(1)、分类(this,that/these,those/such/same)

(2)、用法

4、自身代词和相互代词(oneself/each other)

5、不定代词(难点)

(1)、七类不定代词及用法

a. some与any

b. little, a little与 few, a few

c. many, much 与a lot of

d. each 与every

e. both, all与 neither, none

f. all 与every

g. one, other, the other, others 与another

(2)、不定代词修饰形容词时的用法

6、关系代词(that, which, who)引导宾、状、定语从句时的用法

7、疑问代词(what, who, whom, whose, which,等)

五、形容词、副词(难点)

1、形容词、副词比较级的构成(重点)

2、形容词、副词最高级的构成

3、形容词、副词修辞法及构词法

4、形容词、副词的用法及在句子中的位置

5、一些重要的形容词、副词句型(难点)

It is + adj. + for/ of sb. + to do sth.

keep sb./sth. + adj.

so + adj./ adv. + that + 从句

too + adj./adv. + to do sth.

get/ become/ turn/ feel/ „ + 形容词

adj. + to do sth.

adj. + enough to do sth

6、用形容词、副词搭配构成的动词短语

六、动词

1、动词的种类(实义动词,连系动词,助动词,情态动词)

2、动词短语

3、动词的基本形式

4、动词的时态(重点)

一般现在时,一般过去时,现在进行时,过去进行时,一般将来时,过去将来时,现在完成时,过去完成时。

七、情态动词(重点)

1、分类

2、常见情态动词的用法(can,may,must,might,could,should,will,shall,need,have to,dare等)

3、含情态动词的被动语态的结构与用法

八、动词不定式(重点)

1、语法功能

(1)、作主语及常见结构(It takes sb. time to do sth./It is + adj. + for/of sb. + to do sth.) (2 )、作表语及常见结构(主语+系动词+表语)

(3)作宾语(常用在以下动词或动词短语之后agree,ask,choose,decide,hope,promise,want,wish,would like等)

(4)、作宾语补足语

a.常见的能带to的动词不定式作宾语补足语的动词或动词短语有tell,want,ask,teach,like,allow,would like,expect,invite,love等

b. 常见的不带to的动词不定式作宾语补足语的动词或动词短语有feel,hear,listen to,let,make,have,see,watch,notice,look,help等

(5)、作定语(后置定语)

(6)、作各种状语(目的状语,结果状语,原因状语)

九、介词用于表示时间、场所及其他固定用法

句子的构成及类型

一、陈述句

1、概念

2、肯定句与否定句的互换

二、疑问句

1、一般疑问句的构成及用法

2、特殊疑问句的句子结构及用法

3、选择疑问句的结构及答语

4、反意疑问句的结构及用法

三、祈使句

1、概念

2、肯定与否定祈使句

3、常见祈使句的结构(let型,be型,do型 )

四、感叹句

1、两种感叹句的结构

(1)、由what引导(what a/an adj.+ n.+ 主语+谓语!)

(2)、由how引导(how adj./adv. +主语+谓语!)

2、特殊形式的感叹句

五、直接引语和间接引语

1、两者之间的转换

2、需要注意的事项(引导词,语序,时态)

六、宾语从句和状语从句

1、宾语从句的语序、时态

2、宾语从句的引导词(that,if/whether,特殊疑问词)

3、宾语从句的从句与主句之间的时态关系

七、定语从句

1、关系代词(that,which,who,whom,whose)

2、关系副词(when,where,why)

语态、时态

一、主动语态和被动语态(难点)

1、主动语态与被动语态的区别

2、主动语态与被动语态的转换 主动语态:主语 + 谓语+ 宾语 + 其他

被动语态:主语 + 谓语(be+p.p)+ 宾语(by+宾语)+其他

3、情态动词的被动语态

4、系动词的被动形式(情态动词+be+过去分词)

5、主动表被动的固定句型

二、一般现在式、现在进行式、一般将来式的构成和用法

三、过去将来式、过去进行式、过去完成式的构成和用法

四、一般过去式、现在完成式的构成、用法及区别

日常交际用语

一、问候、介绍用语

二、感谢、道歉、告别、请求用语

三、祝福、祝愿、节假日常用语

四、询问日期、时间、颜色、数量、方向及答语

五、打电话的日常基本句型

六、购物、看病的基本句型

七、建设与忠告的基本句型

八、中西方文化差异的基本常识

范文五:中考英语语法知识点

中考语法知识点(非常重要):

一.冠词

1. an umbrella, an uncle, an unpleasant trip, an unusual boy, an ugly girl, an MP3

2. a uniform, a university, a unit, a UFO, a useful book, a European country

3. an hour, an honest boy

4. an “a”( e, f, h, i, l, m, n, o, r, s, x) , a “b”( c, d, g, j, k, p, q, t, u, v, w, y, z)

5. a one-year-old baby, an eight-year-old boy, an eleven-year-old girl

6. Children’s Day, May Day, the Spring Festival

7. —I lost the book I bought last week.— Is it a black one?

8. Do you know the boy next to Mary / the man in white?

二.名词

1. 名词单复数: many sheep, a few deer, several Japanese, three Chinese, nine fish

a few geese, two mice, some children, ten feet, five teeth

radios, photos, pianos, zoos; potatoes, tomatoes, heroes, Negroes

2. 名词所有格: Tom and Mary’s father, Tom’s and Mary’s fathers

the key to the door, the answer to the question, the ticket to the concert

Teachers’ Day, Mother’s Day, Women’s Day

ten minutes’ walk, a five-day holiday=five days’ holiday, have five days off

3. 不可数名词: weather、news、information、advice、music、fun、room(空间)、work (cf: a message, He likes reading newspapers)

There is an orange on the table. two bottles of orange an orange dress

4. 名词作定语: shoe shops, girl students, women doctors, men nurses, sports shoes

5. three Englishmen/ Frenchmen, a few Germans, many Americans

6. a piece of bread a box of oranges a pair of shoes

four pieces of bread two boxes of oranges five pairs of shoes

7. two people, three police, many clothes, a pair of trousers

三.数词:

1. thousands of, three thousand, hundreds of, four hundred, millions of, six million

2. one fifth, two thirds, three quarters,

3. first, second, third, twelfth, twentieth, nine-nineteen-ninety-ninth four-fourth-fourteen -forty-fortieth

4. in the 1860s/ 1860’s (19世纪60年代), in her forties

5. Bus No. 112, the second lesson, Lesson Two; Room 308, the twenty-first century

6. another two boys=two more boys

7. at the age of twelve / fifteen

8. two hours and a half = two and a half hours

四.代词

1. 人称代词: his, hers, mine: His watch is new. It isn’t his. a friend of mine/ hers/ Li Ming’s The book belongs to him. = The book is his.

2. 疑问代词: how soon---in; how often---seldom, twice a month, every day, every four years

how long---(for) a month / since 1998

how far---ten kilometers( away from) , ten minutes’ walk / drive, five minutes on foot

3. what to do; how to do it

4. what没范围, which有范围

My father’s birthday is coming. I don’t know what to buy for him.

There are many kinds of cameras here. I don’t know which to buy.

5. all/both/none/neither/any/either的区别:

Both of the twins are teachers, but neither of them likes teaching.

All of the doctors have to learn French, but none of them likes it.

There are many tall trees on both sides/ either side/ each side of the road / river.

other, the other, others, the others, another: some…others, (two)one…the other

The shoes are nice, I want to buy another pair.

6. The weather in Beijing is colder than that in Dongguan.

The population of China is much larger than that of Japan.

The students in Dongguan is better than those / the ones in Beijing.

7. We found/ thought it (was) interesting to learn English.

8. 肯定:a little money a few sheep 否定:little water few students

9. There are some people in the room. There aren’t any students in the classroom.

Would you like some bread? Shanghai is larger than any other city in China.

10. something special nothing serious

11. enjoy oneself help oneself to dress oneself say to oneself all by oneself

look after oneself learn sth by oneself = teach oneself sth come to oneself

五.介词

1. be friendly to, make friends with sb, be strict with sb., be full of, be filled with

2. in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening at night

on a cold morning on a hot afternoon on the evening of June 22 on the night of May 1st

3. It looks nice on you. a woman with glasses,

4. It’s nice/kind/stupid/wrong of you to say so.

It’s necessary/important for us to remember more words.

5. Japan is to the east of China. Taiwan is in the southeast of China.

Guangxi is on the west of Guangdong.

6. walk across the bridge/street = cross the bridge/street; swim across the river, sail across the Pacific

go through the traffic lights/ forest/ jungle/ city/ park / village

go past the bank = pass the bank

7. All the students went to the park except John, because he was ill.

I need 2 more students besides John to do the work.

8. in two weeks ( 跟一般将来时连用)

9. by car = in one’s car by bus / bike = on the bus / bike

六. 形容词和副词

1. An elephant is (very, quite, so, too) big.

2. A friend of mine is as heavy as me. He is not so/ as tall as her.

3. much+比较级, much more+原形: He is much fatter that her. He is much more confident than her.

4. 一些特殊的句型:

1)Jim is the taller of the two (boys).

2)Our school is much (far/ still/ even/ a lot/a little) more beautiful than yours.

3)The earlier, the better.

4)When summer comes, the weather gets hotter and hotter.

5)If you do sports every day, you will become healthier and healthier.

6)Today English is becoming more and more important.

7)He is 2 kilos heavier than I.

8)Paris is one of the liveliest cities in the world.

10) .The Yellow River is the second longest river in China.

5. He is careful enough. He does everything carefully.

6. the poor, the old, the rich, the dead, the young: The young are always energetic.

7. We are surprised to hear the surprising news.

七.情态动词:

1. —Must I hand in my homework now?—Yes, you must./ No, you needn’t/ don’t have to.

2. ---May I smoke here? --- Yes, you can/may. / No, you can’t/mustn’t.

2. —I am not sure. It may/might/could belong to her.

3. must:交通规矩,规章制度; 表肯定猜测“一定”

4. can’t: 表猜测“肯定不是”:The lady over there can’t be our teacher. She has gone to Shanghai.

八.连词:

1. although/ though 不能与but 连用 (转折关系)

2. because 不能与 so 连用 (因果关系)

3. Get up at once, or you will be late for class.

4. We will go on a picnic if it doesn’t rain. = We will go on a picnic unless it rains.

5. I won’t leave until my mother comes back.

6. I will tell him as soon as I see him.

7. He is so clever that he can work out this problem.

= He is such a clever boy that he can work out the problem.

8. I like dancing while my sister likes doing sports.

9. You should do as the teacher told you.

九.被动语态

1. Someone told me about this. --- I wasn’t told about this.

2. We should speak to the old politely. --- The old should be spoken to politely.

3. Someone took her to the hospital in time. --- She was taken to the hospital in time.

4. be made/heard/seen/watched to do

5. This kind of books sells well and they will be sold out soon.

6. 没有被动:happen, take place, come out,come true, belong to, 系动词

十. 现在完成时

1. 强调对现在造成的影响 ( already, ever, never, before, just, yet )

He has just arrived. ( He is here now. )

2. 强调一直在做的动作 (how long, for, since, so far, in the past/last few years, over the years) buy – have borrow – keep die --- be dead open – be open close – be closed

begin – be on finish – be over come --- be in leave – be away from

I borrowed the book last week. --- I have kept the book since last week.

His grandfather died two years ago. --- His grandfather has been dead for two years.

The movie began five minutes ago. --- The movie has been on for five minutes.

十一. 主将从现: (若主句用一般将来时时,从句则用一般现在时来表将来)。

主句(将来)+ if / unless/ as soon as/ until/ when/ before/ after+ 句子(现在)

1. I won’t go to bed unless my homework is finished.

2. We will make progress if we study hard.

3. I will call you as soon as he arrives.

十二. 感叹句

1. What an exciting football game we watched!=How exciting the football game was!

2. What expensive houses they are!=How expensive the houses are!

3. What beautiful music! = How beautiful the music is!

What important information! What good weather / advice / news it is! What hard work it is!

4. How funny the story is! How carefully he works!

十三. 非谓语动词

1. tell/ask sb. (not) to do,

2. see/watch/hear sb do, see/watch/hear sb doing

3. make sb. (not)do; let sb. do

4. have sth. done: My computer is broken. I want to have it repaired.

5. you’d better do /not do: You’d better not laugh at others.

6. why not do sth.? = why don’t you do …?

7. Would/ Could you please (not) do sth?

8. practice/enjoy/keep/consider/finish/mind/spend + doing

9. look forward to/ pay attention to/ get used to / prefer …to + doing

10. stop/keep/pretend sb from doing (阻止某人去做某事)

11. be busy doing, can’t help/stop doing (忍不住做某事)

12. while / before/ after + doing

13. 介词 + doing

1.This is the place where he was born. 2. I can’t forget the days when we studied together.

3.This is the place that/ which he visited. 4. I can’t forget the days that/ which we spent together.

5. Do you know the reason why he was late? 6.The teacher is talking with the man whose son was late. 十五. there be: There will be, there is going to be, There used to be , There is sb doing, isn’t there? 十六. 宾语从句:

1. 陈述句语序 I don’t know what he did yesterday.

2. 时态(注意真理)例外:I don’t know how I can get to the bank.

I didn’t know where he lived.

3. Could you tell me when she will arrive?(婉转语气)

4. 连接词:that, if/whether(or not), what/how/which…

5. I don’t know what happened to him./ who broke the window/ what’s wrong with him.

6. I don’t know if he will come. If he comes, I will call you.

I don’t know when he will arrive. When he arrives, I will call you.

十七. 反意疑问句 (前肯后否,前否后肯),根据事实回答。

1. Let’s go boating, shall we? Let us go boating, will you?

2. Pass me some salt, will you? Don’t play in the street, will you? – Sorry, I won’t.

3. The guests have to go, don’t they? He has a car, doesn’t he?

They had lunch just now, didn’t they? You have a cold, don’t you?

She has been there before, hasn’t she? You have never seen the movie, have you?

4. He’s read many books written by Luxun, hasn’t he? He’s friendly, isn’t he?

5. He didn’t come to school yesterday, did he? ---Yes, he did, though he was badly ill.

--- No, he didn’t, because he was ill in hospital.

6. 否定词:seldom, hardly, few, little, never, nothing, nobody, no, not, none

十八. 连系动词

1. be动词 ,五个感官动词(feel, taste, look, sound, smell),三个变(become, get, turn)

两个保持(keep,stay),seem

2. 系动词 + 形容词

3.没有被动:The food tastes bad.

4. 一般不用进行时 The music sounds good.

5. The students look careful. They are looking at the pictures carefully.

十九. 主谓一致:

1. 就近原则:Neither he nor I have been to the USA. Either she or I am going to study abroad.

Not only his parents but also his sister is an engineer.

There are some people and a dog on the beach. There is a dog and some people on the beach. There are a number of sheep on the farm. There is a little sheep on the farm.

2. 就远原则: with/ together with/ besides/ except/but(除…之外)/ as well as/ including… The teacher together with his students, does sports every day.

Jack as well as his parents has been to China before.

3.金钱、距离、时间表单数:100 dollars/ Ten kilometers / Ten hours is not enough.

4. a number of… = many …+ V复 A number of students are playing.

The number of …+ V单 The number of the students in our class is 58.

5. 不定代词作主语时,谓语动词用单数 Everything goes well. Someone is looking for you.

6. Two thirds of work was finished by him. Two thirds of students are from Dongguan.

7. Eating more vegetables is good for our health.

8. This pair of shoes is cheap. I want to try them on.

9. one of + adj.最高级+ n复+V单 One of the tallest boys in our class is Jim.

二十. 交际

1. —Would you mind my sitting beside you?

不介意:—No, of course not. / Certainly not / Not at all.

介意:—Sorry, but …/you’d better not.

2. 回答sorry:Never mind. / it doesn’t matter./ Not at all./That’s all right.

3. 回答thank you:It’s my pleasure. /You’re welcome./ That’s all right.

4. That’s right. 那是对的。 All right. 好吧。 You’re right. 你是对的。

That’s all right. 别人表歉意或谢意时可以用,意为

5. Have a nice weekend! --- The same to you! Have a nice trip. --- Thank you.

6. What about going to the movie tonight? --- Good idea. / All right./ That sounds great.

7. I got first prize in the English competition. --- Congratulations!

二十一. 辨别:

1. be made of /be made from /be made by sb. /be made in +地点

be made of 由…制成(可看出原材料) The coat is made of silk. The desk is made of wood. be made from 由…制成(不能看出原材料)Paper is made from bamboo.

2. sometimes 有时 sometime 某时

some times 几次 some time 一段时间

4. so(否定:neither) +be/情态动词/助动词+主语 …也是,…也一样

so(否定:neither) +主语+be/情态动词/助动词 …确实如此

5. succeed(v.), successful(adj.), success(n. )

6. die (v.), dead(adj.), death(n. ): He has been dead for ten years.

7. ill/ sick: She is ill/ sick. a sick man

8. so that / such that 句型 (so many people, so interesting a boy=such an interesting boy)

9. used to do 过去常常做某事

be/get used to doing习惯做某事

be used to do/ for doing 被用来做

be used as 被用作…

10. It / Sth takes sb to do 花时间; Sth cost 花钱

Sb spend +时间/钱+(in) doing sth/on sth; Sb pay for 付钱

11.talk about sth with/to sb

say sth to sb say “jiaozi” in English

speak to sb speak English

tell sb sth/ tell sth to sb tell sb (not) to do sth

tell a joke/story/lie tell the truth

12. look at sth

see a doctor / a film

watch TV/ a movie/match/game/show

read books/magazines/newspapers

14. bring sth to …(常跟here, come 连用)

take sth to …( 常跟 there, go, away 连用)

fetch sth = go and bring sth 去取,去拿

15. We should wear the school uniforms at school.

It’s very cold outside. Put on your coat before you leave.

He is too young to dress himself.

16. Where is my pen? I can’t find it.

What are you looking for, Kate?

The window is broken. I should find out who did it.

17. get to the cinema = arrive at the cinema= reach the cinema arrive in China / Shanghai

get /arrive /reach home / there/ here

When she arrives, I will tell you.

18. a hard question a hard stone work hard rain hard

It was raining so hard that people could hardly go out.

19. would rather do than do = prefer to do rather than do = prefer doing to doing

20.look at look after look around look for look up

look forward to look out look over look through look like

21. take away take off take out take after

Take a seat take a walk take care of take place take part in take turns

22. put out put away put up put down

23. clean up cheer up set up come up with=think up fix up put up call up eat up get up give up stay up catch up with end up grow up hurry up

范文六:初中英语常考知识点

1 see、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 look at (感官动词)+do eg:I like watching monkeys jump

2(比较级 and 比较级) 表示越来越怎么样 3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易) 4 agree with sb 赞成某人

5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样

6 all over the world = the whole world 整个 世界

7 along with同……一道,伴随…… eg : Iwill go along with you我将和你一起去 the students planted trees along with their teachers 学生同老师们一起种树 8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样 9 as you can see 你是知道的

10 ask for ……求助 向…要…(直接接想要的东西) eg : ask you for my book 11 ask sb for sth 向某人什么

12 ask sb to do sth 询问某人某事 ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事 13 at the age of 在……岁时 eg:I am sixteen I am at the age of sixteen 14 at the beginning of …… ……的起初;……的开始

15 at the end of +地点/+时间 最后;尽头;末尾 eg : At the end of the day 16 at this time of year 在每年的这个时候

17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句 感觉/对什么有信心,自信 eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test 18 be + doing 表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时

19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原) 能够…… eg : She is able to sing She can sing 20 be able to do sth 能够干什么 eg :she is able to sing

21 be afraid to do (of sth 恐惧,害怕…… eg : I’m afraed togo out at night I’m afraid of dog

22 be allowed to do 被允许做什么 eg: I’m allowed to watch TV 我被允许看电视 I should be allowedto watch TV 我应该被允许看电视

23 be angry with sb 生某人的气 eg : Don’t be angry with me 24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth 为什么而生某人的气

25 be as…原级…as 和什么一样 eg : Sheis as tall as me 她和我一样高 26 be ashamed to 27 be away from 远离 28 be away from 从……离开

29 be bad for 对什么有害 eg : Reading books in the sun isbad for your eyes 在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好

30 be born 出生于

31 be busy doing sth 忙于做什么事 be busy with sth 忙于…… 32 be careful 当心;小心

33 be different from…… 和什么不一样 34 be famous for 以……著名 35 befriendly to sb 对某人友好

36 be from = come from 来自 eg :Heis from Bejing He comes from Bejing Is he from Bejing ? Does he come fromBejing ?

37 be full of 装满……的 be filledwith 充满 eg: the glass is full of water the glass isfilled with water

38 be glad+to+do/从句 39 be going to + v(原) 将来时

40 be good at(+doing) = do well in 在某方面善长, 善于……

41 be good for 对什么有好处 eg : Reading aloud is good foryour English 42 be happy to do 很高兴做某事

43 be helpful to sb 对某人有好处 eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you 大声朗读对你有好处 Exercising is helpful to your bady 锻炼对你的身体有好处 44 be in good health 身体健康

45 be in trouble 处于困难中 eg : She is in trouble They arein tronble 46 be interested in 对某方面感兴趣

47 be late for = come late to 迟到 eg: Be late for class 上课迟到 48 be like 像…… eg : I’m like my mother 49 be mad at 生某人的气

50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料) 51 be made of 由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料) 52 be not sure 表不确定 53 be on a visit to 参观 54 be popular with sb 受某人欢迎 55 be quiet 安静

56 be short for 表**的缩写 eg: 陶 is shortfor 陶俊杰 57 be sick in bed 生病在床

58 be sorry to do sth be sorryfor sb eg : I am sorry for you 59 be sorry to hear that

60 be sorry to trouble sb eg : I am sorry to troubleyou

61 be strict in doing sth 严于做某事 eg : He’s strict inobeying noles

62 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格 eg: Some students are notstrict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严格

63 be strict with sb in sth 某方面对某人严格 64 be supposed todo 被要求干什么 65 be sure 表确定

66 be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心 eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well

67 be sure of sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I’m sure of my head (myteacher 我相信我的大脑(老师) 68 be sure that sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I’m suer that he canpass the test 我相信他能通过考试

69 be sure to do sth一定会做某事eg: We are sure to pass thetest 我们一定会通过这次考试 We are sure to learn English well 我们一定能学好英语 70 be terrified of + 名/动doing 害怕…… 71 be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事 72 be the same as … 和什么一样

73 be used to doing sth 习惯做某事 eg: My father is used to getting up early 我爸爸习惯早He isused to sleeping in class 他习惯上课睡觉

74 be worth doing 值得做什么

75 be(feel) afraid to do sth 害怕做某事be afraid of sth 害怕某物 be afraid that 丛句 76 because+句子 because of +短语 eg : He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache

77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么 eg : Let’s begin the game with the song I begin to go home 78 between…and… 两者之间

79 borrow sth from sb 向……借……lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西 eg : I borrowed a pen from him he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen 80 both = the same(as) = not different(from) 表相同

81 bother 打扰 bother sb to do sth eg : I’m sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station 我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站

the problem has been bothering me for weeks 这个问题困扰了我几个周了 He’s bothering me to lend him money 82 by the end of 到……为止

83 callsb sth eg : We call him old wang

84 care 关心 eg : Don’t you care about this country’s future ?你为什么不关心国家的未来 85 catch up with sb 赶上某人

86 chat with sb 和某人闲谈 take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地 87 come in 进 88 come over to 过来

89 come up with 提出 eg: Can you come up with a good idea你能想出一个好办法吗? 90 communicate with sb 和某人交流

91 consider + doing 考虑做什么 eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou 为什么不考虑去泸州? 92 dance to 随着……跳舞 eg : Shelikes dancing to the music 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞 93 decide to do sth 决定做某事 94 do a survey of 做某方面的调查 95 do better in 在……方面做得更好 96 do wrong 做错

97 Don’t forget to do sth 不要忘了做某事 98 Don’t mind +doing /从句 /名词 不要介意……

99 each +名(单)每一个…eg : Each student has many books 每一个学生都有一些书 100 end up +doing 101 enjoy +doing喜欢

102 escape from 从……逃跑eg: Theprisoners have escaped from the prison犯人从监狱里逃跑出来

103 expect to do sth 期待做某事

104 fall down 摔下来 fall off 从哪摔下来 105 fall in love with sb/sth 爱上什么

106 far from 离某地远 eg : The school is far from my home 107 find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样

108 find sb/sth +adj 发现什么怎么样 eg : I find the bookinteresting 109 finish 完成+doing(名词)

110 fit to sb = be fit for sb 适合某人

111 forget to do 没有做而忘了 forget doing 做了而又忘了 eg: Don't forget to gohome I forget closing door

112 from…to… 从某某到某某 eg: Fromme for her

113 get /have sth down 做完,被(别人)做…eg: I have my hair cut我理了发(头发被剪了) Tom got his bad tooth pulled out 汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了) 114 get a part-time job= find a part-time job

115 get along well with sb = geton well with sb 与某人相处得好 116 get along with sb = get on with sb 与某人相处

117 getready for = be ready for为什么而准备eg : I get ready for mathI am ready for math 118 get sb in to trouble 给某人麻烦 119 get sb to do sth

120 get…from… 从某处得到某物

121 give a talk 做报告 eg: He is give a tall 122 give sth to sb give sb sth 给某人某物 123 go fish 钓鱼 go swimming 游泳

124 go on to do 去做下一件事 go on doing 继续做这件事 125 go out away from go out of

126 go to school 上学(用于专业的)go to the school 去学校(不一定是上学) 127 good way to 好方法

128 hate to do 讨厌没做过的事 hate doing 讨厌做过的事 129 have a party for sb 举办谁的晚会 130 have a talk 听报告谈一谈

131 have been doing 现在完成进行时 eg : You have been talkingYou have been sleeping since 132 have been to …( 地方)……去过某过地方have gone to …(地方) 去了某地还没回来 133 have fun +doing 玩得高兴

134 have sth to do 有什么事要做 eg: I have a lot of homework to do 我有很多家庭作业要做 I havenothing to do 我没什么事情做 135 have to do sth 必须做某事

136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth 做什么事情有麻烦 137 have…time +doing

138 have…(时间)…off 放……假 eg: I have month off 我请一个月得假 139 hear sb +do/doing 听见某人做某事/正在做某事 140 help a lot 很大用处

141 help sb with sth \one’s sth 帮助某人某事(某方面) help sb(to) do sth 帮助某人做某事 142 hope to do sth 希望做某事

143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing)

144 how do you like = what do you think of 你对什么的看法

145 if : 是否=wether eg: I don’t know if (wether) I should go to the party 我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会

He don't know if (wether) we will arrive on time tomorrow morning 他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达

146 if :如果,假如(全部接一般时态)+条件语态从句 eg: I’ll go to LuZhou if it does’t rain 假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州

If they change the plan they will let me know 假如他们要改变计划,他们会让我知道的

I'll go to England ,if I have enough money next year 如果我明年由足够的钱,我就要去英国 147 in one's opinion = sb think 某人认为 148 in some ways 在某些方面 149 in the end = finally(adv) 最后

150 in the north of… 什么在什么的北方 (north 北 sowth 南 west 西 east东 ) 151 in the sun 在太阳下

152 increase 增加 eg : They’ve increased the prece of petrol by 3% 他们把石油价增加了3% the population has increased from 12 million ten years ago to 18 million now

153 instead of +(名 ) 代替 eg: I’d like an apple instead of a pear 我想要苹果,而不要梨子 I like English instead of math 我喜欢英语而不喜欢数学

154 introduce sb to sb 介绍某人给某人 introduce oneself 自我介绍 155 invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事

156 It takes sb sometime to do sth 做某人花掉某人多少时间 eg : It took me 5 minutes to do my homework It takes me half an hour to cook

157 It's +adj +for sb to do sth 对某人来说做某事怎么样 158 It's +adj +to do 做某事怎么样

159 It's +adj for sb 对于某人来说怎么样 It's +adj of sb 对某人来说太怎么样

160 It's +adj(for sb) to do(对某人来说) 做某事怎么样 It's +adj ofsb to do sth 对某人来说做某事太怎么样 eg : It's nice of you to help me with my English 161 It's a good idea for sb to do sth 对…… 来说是个好主意 162 It's important to sb 对某人来说很重要 eg: It's important tome

163 It's time to do sth It’s time for sth 到了该去做某事的时间 eg : It's time to have class It’s time for class 该去上课了 164 join = take part in 参加 165 just now 刚才

166 keep +sb /sth +adj /介词短语让什么保持什么样? 167 keep out 不让 …… 进入

168 keep sb adj 让……保持…… eg: Iwant to keep my mother happy keep healthy 保持健康 169 key to +名词 表示:某物的钥匙或某题的答案 170 key to… anser to … key 可以是答题或钥匙

171 laugh at… 取笑…… eg : Don't langh at others Welanghed at the joke 172 learn by oneslfe 自学

173 learn from sb 向某人学习 eg: We should learn from LeiFeng 174 learn to do sth 学做某事 175 let sb do sth 让某人做某事

176 Let sb down 让某人失望 eg : Weshouldn't let our farents down 我们不应该让我们的父母失望

177 live from :离某地远

178 live in +大地方 /at +小地方 居住在某地eg: I live in LuZhou She lives at XuanTan 179 look after = take care of 照顾 照看

180 lose one's way 谁迷 路 eg : Lose your way 你迷路 181 make a decision to do sth 决定做某事

182 make friends with sb 和谁成为朋友 eg : I want to makefriends with you 183 make it early 把时间定的早一点

184 make on exhibition of oneself 让某人出洋相

185 make sb /n +n 使什么成为什么 eg : I made her my stepmoller I made you my wife 186 make sb /sth +adj 使某人(某物)怎么样 eg : You must madeyour bed clean 187 make sb /sth adj 使某人/某物怎么样

188 make sb do sth 让某人做某事 eg : I made him write 我以前让他写 189 make up be made up of (被动语态)由……组成 190 make…difference to…

191 mind sb to do mind one's doing 介意……做什么 192 most +名 most of +代 193 much too +形容词 194 must be 一定 195 need +名词

196 need sb do sth 需要某人做某事

197 need to do (实义动词) need do (情态动词)

198 no /neithr of hate to do no /neithr of hate doing 199 no +名词

200 not anymore = no more 再也不…… eg: He didn't cry anymore He cried no more 他再也不哭

201 not… (形 、副)at all eg: He’s not tall at all she doesn't junp far at all 202 not…at all 一点都不

203 not…either 表否定,也不 eg : I don't japanse either Idon't have sister, either 我也没有姐姐

204 not…until 直到……才…… eg: I didn't sleep until my mother came back The child didn't stop crying untilI give her sugar

205 offer / provide sb with sth 给某人提供

206 offer sb sth ( offer sth to sb 提供什么东西给某人 eg : Ioffer you water (I offer water to you 我给你提供水

207 on one's way to… 在谁去那的路上

208 on the one hand 一方面 on the other hand 另一方面 209 on the phone = over the phone 用电话交谈 210 on time 准时 in time 及时

211 one day =some day =someday 一天,有一天 212 one of +可数名词的复数形式 213 one to another 一个到另一个 214 over and over again 一遍又一遍 215 say to oneself 对自己说 216 please +do

217 please hepl yourself

218 part-time job 兼职工作 full-time job全职工作 219 please with sb. 220 pool into = pore into 221 practice +doing

222 prefer sth.to sth. 相对... 更喜欢 223 pay for1 see、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 look at (感官动词)+do eg:I like watching monkeys jump

2(比较级 and 比较级) 表示越来越怎么样 3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易) 4 agree with sb 赞成某人

5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样

6 all over the world = the whole world 整个 世界

7 along with同……一道,伴随…… eg : Iwill go along with you我将和你一起去 the students planted trees along with their teachers 学生同老师们一起种树 8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样 9 as you can see 你是知道的

10 ask for ……求助 向…要…(直接接想要的东西) eg : ask you for my book 11 ask sb for sth 向某人什么

12 ask sb to do sth 询问某人某事 ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事 13 at the age of 在……岁时 eg:I am sixteen I am at the age of sixteen 14 at the beginning of …… ……的起初;……的开始

15 at the end of +地点/+时间 最后;尽头;末尾 eg : At the end of the day 16 at this time of year 在每年的这个时候

17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句 感觉/对什么有信心,自信 eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test 18 be + doing 表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时

19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原) 能够…… eg : She is able to sing She can sing 20 be able to do sth 能够干什么 eg :she is able to sing

21 be afraid to do (of sth 恐惧,害怕…… eg : I’m afraed togo out at night I’m afraid of dog

22 be allowed to do 被允许做什么 eg: I’m allowed to watch TV 我被允许看电视 I should be allowedto watch TV 我应该被允许看电视

23 be angry with sb 生某人的气 eg : Don’t be angry with me 24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth 为什么而生某人的气

25 be as…原级…as 和什么一样 eg : Sheis as tall as me 她和我一样高 26 be ashamed to 27 be away from 远离 28 be away from 从……离开

29 be bad for 对什么有害 eg : Reading books in the sun isbad for your eyes 在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好

30 be born 出生于

31 be busy doing sth 忙于做什么事 be busy with sth 忙于…… 32 be careful 当心;小心

33 be different from…… 和什么不一样 34 be famous for 以……著名 35 befriendly to sb 对某人友好

36 be from = come from 来自 eg :Heis from Bejing He comes from Bejing Is he from Bejing ? Does he come fromBejing ?

37 be full of 装满……的 be filledwith 充满 eg: the glass is full of water the glass isfilled with water

38 be glad+to+do/从句 39 be going to + v(原) 将来时

40 be good at(+doing) = do well in 在某方面善长, 善于……

41 be good for 对什么有好处 eg : Reading aloud is good foryour English 42 be happy to do 很高兴做某事

43 be helpful to sb 对某人有好处 eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you 大声朗读对你有好处 Exercising is helpful to your bady 锻炼对你的身体有好处 44 be in good health 身体健康

45 be in trouble 处于困难中 eg : She is in trouble They arein tronble 46 be interested in 对某方面感兴趣

47 be late for = come late to 迟到 eg: Be late for class 上课迟到 48 be like 像…… eg : I’m like my mother 49 be mad at 生某人的气

50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料) 51 be made of 由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料) 52 be not sure 表不确定 53 be on a visit to 参观 54 be popular with sb 受某人欢迎 55 be quiet 安静

56 be short for 表**的缩写 eg: 陶 is shortfor 陶俊杰 57 be sick in bed 生病在床

58 be sorry to do sth be sorryfor sb eg : I am sorry for you 59 be sorry to hear that

60 be sorry to trouble sb eg : I am sorry to troubleyou

61 be strict in doing sth 严于做某事 eg : He’s strict inobeying noles

62 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格 eg: Some students are notstrict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严格

63 be strict with sb in sth 某方面对某人严格 64 be supposed todo 被要求干什么 65 be sure 表确定

66 be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心 eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well

67 be sure of sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I’m sure of my head (myteacher 我相信我的大脑(老师) 68 be sure that sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I’m suer that he canpass the test 我相信他能通过考试

69 be sure to do sth一定会做某事eg: We are sure to pass thetest 我们一定会通过这次考试 We are sure to learn English well 我们一定能学好英语 70 be terrified of + 名/动doing 害怕…… 71 be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事 72 be the same as … 和什么一样

73 be used to doing sth 习惯做某事 eg: My father is used to getting up early 我爸爸习惯早He isused to sleeping in class 他习惯上课睡觉

74 be worth doing 值得做什么

75 be(feel) afraid to do sth 害怕做某事be afraid of sth 害怕某物 be afraid that 丛句 76 because+句子 because of +短语 eg : He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache

77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么 eg : Let’s begin the game with the song I begin to go home 78 between…and… 两者之间

79 borrow sth from sb 向……借……lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西 eg : I borrowed a pen from him he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen 80 both = the same(as) = not different(from) 表相同

81 bother 打扰 bother sb to do sth eg : I’m sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station 我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站

the problem has been bothering me for weeks 这个问题困扰了我几个周了 He’s bothering me to lend him money 82 by the end of 到……为止

83 callsb sth eg : We call him old wang

84 care 关心 eg : Don’t you care about this country’s future ?你为什么不关心国家的未来 85 catch up with sb 赶上某人

86 chat with sb 和某人闲谈 take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地 87 come in 进 88 come over to 过来

89 come up with 提出 eg: Can you come up with a good idea你能想出一个好办法吗? 90 communicate with sb 和某人交流

91 consider + doing 考虑做什么 eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou 为什么不考虑去泸州? 92 dance to 随着……跳舞 eg : Shelikes dancing to the music 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞 93 decide to do sth 决定做某事 94 do a survey of 做某方面的调查 95 do better in 在……方面做得更好 96 do wrong 做错

97 Don’t forget to do sth 不要忘了做某事 98 Don’t mind +doing /从句 /名词 不要介意……

99 each +名(单)每一个…eg : Each student has many books 每一个学生都有一些书 100 end up +doing 101 enjoy +doing喜欢

102 escape from 从……逃跑eg: Theprisoners have escaped from the prison犯人从监狱里逃跑出来

103 expect to do sth 期待做某事

104 fall down 摔下来 fall off 从哪摔下来 105 fall in love with sb/sth 爱上什么

106 far from 离某地远 eg : The school is far from my home 107 find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样

108 find sb/sth +adj 发现什么怎么样 eg : I find the bookinteresting 109 finish 完成+doing(名词)

110 fit to sb = be fit for sb 适合某人

111 forget to do 没有做而忘了 forget doing 做了而又忘了 eg: Don't forget to gohome I forget closing door

112 from…to… 从某某到某某 eg: Fromme for her

113 get /have sth down 做完,被(别人)做…eg: I have my hair cut我理了发(头发被剪了) Tom got his bad tooth pulled out 汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了) 114 get a part-time job= find a part-time job

115 get along well with sb = geton well with sb 与某人相处得好 116 get along with sb = get on with sb 与某人相处

117 getready for = be ready for为什么而准备eg : I get ready for mathI am ready for math 118 get sb in to trouble 给某人麻烦 119 get sb to do sth

120 get…from… 从某处得到某物

121 give a talk 做报告 eg: He is give a tall 122 give sth to sb give sb sth 给某人某物 123 go fish 钓鱼 go swimming 游泳

124 go on to do 去做下一件事 go on doing 继续做这件事 125 go out away from go out of

126 go to school 上学(用于专业的)go to the school 去学校(不一定是上学) 127 good way to 好方法

128 hate to do 讨厌没做过的事 hate doing 讨厌做过的事 129 have a party for sb 举办谁的晚会 130 have a talk 听报告谈一谈

131 have been doing 现在完成进行时 eg : You have been talkingYou have been sleeping since 132 have been to …( 地方)……去过某过地方have gone to …(地方) 去了某地还没回来 133 have fun +doing 玩得高兴

134 have sth to do 有什么事要做 eg: I have a lot of homework to do 我有很多家庭作业要做 I havenothing to do 我没什么事情做 135 have to do sth 必须做某事

136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth 做什么事情有麻烦 137 have…time +doing

138 have…(时间)…off 放……假 eg: I have month off 我请一个月得假 139 hear sb +do/doing 听见某人做某事/正在做某事 140 help a lot 很大用处

141 help sb with sth \one’s sth 帮助某人某事(某方面) help sb(to) do sth 帮助某人做某事 142 hope to do sth 希望做某事

143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing)

144 how do you like = what do you think of 你对什么的看法

145 if : 是否=wether eg: I don’t know if (wether) I should go to the party 我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会

He don't know if (wether) we will arrive on time tomorrow morning 他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达

146 if :如果,假如(全部接一般时态)+条件语态从句 eg: I’ll go to LuZhou if it does’t rain 假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州

If they change the plan they will let me know 假如他们要改变计划,他们会让我知道的

I'll go to England ,if I have enough money next year 如果我明年由足够的钱,我就要去英国 147 in one's opinion = sb think 某人认为 148 in some ways 在某些方面 149 in the end = finally(adv) 最后

150 in the north of… 什么在什么的北方 (north 北 sowth 南 west 西 east东 ) 151 in the sun 在太阳下

152 increase 增加 eg : They’ve increased the prece of petrol by 3% 他们把石油价增加了3% the population has increased from 12 million ten years ago to 18 million now

153 instead of +(名 ) 代替 eg: I’d like an apple instead of a pear 我想要苹果,而不要梨子 I like English instead of math 我喜欢英语而不喜欢数学

154 introduce sb to sb 介绍某人给某人 introduce oneself 自我介绍 155 invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事

156 It takes sb sometime to do sth 做某人花掉某人多少时间 eg : It took me 5 minutes to do my homework It takes me half an hour to cook

157 It's +adj +for sb to do sth 对某人来说做某事怎么样 158 It's +adj +to do 做某事怎么样

159 It's +adj for sb 对于某人来说怎么样 It's +adj of sb 对某人来说太怎么样

160 It's +adj(for sb) to do(对某人来说) 做某事怎么样 It's +adj ofsb to do sth 对某人来说做某事太怎么样 eg : It's nice of you to help me with my English 161 It's a good idea for sb to do sth 对…… 来说是个好主意 162 It's important to sb 对某人来说很重要 eg: It's important tome

163 It's time to do sth It’s time for sth 到了该去做某事的时间 eg : It's time to have class It’s time for class 该去上课了 164 join = take part in 参加 165 just now 刚才

166 keep +sb /sth +adj /介词短语让什么保持什么样? 167 keep out 不让 …… 进入

168 keep sb adj 让……保持…… eg: Iwant to keep my mother happy keep healthy 保持健康 169 key to +名词 表示:某物的钥匙或某题的答案 170 key to… anser to … key 可以是答题或钥匙

171 laugh at… 取笑…… eg : Don't langh at others Welanghed at the joke 172 learn by oneslfe 自学

173 learn from sb 向某人学习 eg: We should learn from LeiFeng 174 learn to do sth 学做某事 175 let sb do sth 让某人做某事

176 Let sb down 让某人失望 eg : Weshouldn't let our farents down 我们不应该让我们的父母失望

177 live from :离某地远

178 live in +大地方 /at +小地方 居住在某地eg: I live in LuZhou She lives at XuanTan 179 look after = take care of 照顾 照看

180 lose one's way 谁迷 路 eg : Lose your way 你迷路 181 make a decision to do sth 决定做某事

182 make friends with sb 和谁成为朋友 eg : I want to makefriends with you 183 make it early 把时间定的早一点

184 make on exhibition of oneself 让某人出洋相

185 make sb /n +n 使什么成为什么 eg : I made her my stepmoller I made you my wife 186 make sb /sth +adj 使某人(某物)怎么样 eg : You must madeyour bed clean 187 make sb /sth adj 使某人/某物怎么样

188 make sb do sth 让某人做某事 eg : I made him write 我以前让他写 189 make up be made up of (被动语态)由……组成 190 make…difference to…

191 mind sb to do mind one's doing 介意……做什么 192 most +名 most of +代 193 much too +形容词 194 must be 一定 195 need +名词

196 need sb do sth 需要某人做某事

197 need to do (实义动词) need do (情态动词)

198 no /neithr of hate to do no /neithr of hate doing 199 no +名词

200 not anymore = no more 再也不…… eg: He didn't cry anymore He cried no more 他再也不哭

201 not… (形 、副)at all eg: He’s not tall at all she doesn't junp far at all 202 not…at all 一点都不

203 not…either 表否定,也不 eg : I don't japanse either Idon't have sister, either 我也没有姐姐

204 not…until 直到……才…… eg: I didn't sleep until my mother came back The child didn't stop crying untilI give her sugar

205 offer / provide sb with sth 给某人提供

206 offer sb sth ( offer sth to sb 提供什么东西给某人 eg : Ioffer you water (I offer water to you 我给你提供水

207 on one's way to… 在谁去那的路上

208 on the one hand 一方面 on the other hand 另一方面 209 on the phone = over the phone 用电话交谈 210 on time 准时 in time 及时

211 one day =some day =someday 一天,有一天 212 one of +可数名词的复数形式 213 one to another 一个到另一个 214 over and over again 一遍又一遍 215 say to oneself 对自己说 216 please +do

217 please hepl yourself

218 part-time job 兼职工作 full-time job全职工作 219 please with sb. 220 pool into = pore into 221 practice +doing

222 prefer sth.to sth. 相对... 更喜欢 223 pay for

范文七:常考的几个高中英语知识点

主谓一致常考难题:

Five minutes is enough to do this exercise.

Each boy and each girl wants to serve the people in future.

More than one student has seen the film.

Many a ship has been damaged in the storm.

More members than one are against your plan.

1、一些有两个部分构成的名词表示衣物或工具作主语时, 谓语通常用复数形式:glasses, clothes, trousers, shoes, compasses, chopsticks, scissors等。

2、但如果主语用a kind of , a pair of , a series of等加名词构成时, 谓语动词一般用单数形式。A pair of shoes was on the desk.

3、并列主语如果指的是同一个人、同一事物或同一概念时, 谓语动词用单数形式, 这时and后面的名词没有冠词。例如:

Truth and honesty is the best policy.

The girl's teacher and friend is a young doctor.

To love and to be loved is the great happiness.

Going to bed early and getting up early is a good habit.

A knife and fork is on the table.

4、当主语后面跟有as well as, as much as , no less than, along with, with, like, rat her than, together with, but, except, besides, including, in addition to等引导的 词组时, 其谓语动词的单、复数按主语的单、复数而定。例如:

The teacher as well as the students was excited.

The room with its furniture was rented.

5、A (great) number of修饰可数复数名词, 谓语动词用复数;

a great deal of,a large amount of 修饰不可数名词, 其短语作主语时, 谓语动词用单数。 关系代词who, that, which等在定语从句中作主语时, 其谓语动词的数应与句中先行词的数 一致。例如:

Those who want to go please sign your names here.

Some of the energy that is used by man comes from the sun.

6、季节、月份、星期、节日、假日、一日三餐、学科名称,球类、棋类名词名称前一般不加冠词。

1/2 one(a) half 1/4 one(a) quarter

形容词的顺序:

系动词be,grow,get,become,feel,appear,prove,seem,look,keep,smell,taste ,sound,turn,remain

7、限定词+数量形容词(序数词在前,基数词在后)+性状形容词+大小、

长短、高低等形体+新旧+颜色+国藉+材料

Those three beautiful large square old brown wood table

8、某些以-ly结尾的词是形容词而不是副词:friendly,lively, lovely,lonely,likely, deadly,silly,orderly, timely等。

1)close接近地 closely仔细地,密切地

2)free 免费地 freely自由地,无拘束地

3)hard努力地 hardly几乎不

4)late 晚,迟 lately 近来

5)most 极,非常 mostly主要地

6)wide广阔地,充分地 widely广泛地

7)high高 highly高度地,非常地

8)deep深,迟 deeply抽象意义的“深”

9)loud大声地 loudly大声地(含有喧闹的意思)

10)near邻近 nearly几乎

bad/ill ,badly worse worst little less least

比较级

1、 表示一方不及另一方时,用“less+原级+than”的结构表示:

This room is less beautiful than that one.

2、表示一方超过另一方的程度或数量时,可在比较级前加表示程度的状语,如:even,a lot, a bit,a little,still,much,far, yet, by far等修饰:He works even harder than before.

注意:by far 通常用于强调最高级。用于比较级时,一般放在比较级的后面, 如放在前面,应 在二者中间加“the”。

He is taller by far than his brother.

He is by far the taller of the two brothers.

3、表示倍数的比较级有如下几种句型:

A is three (four,etc.) times the size (height, length, width,etc) of B.

The new building is four times the size (the height) of the old one.

这座新楼是那座旧楼的四倍大(四倍高)。[高三倍]

A is three (four, etc.) times as big (high, long, wide, etc.) as B.

Asia is four times as large as Europe.亚洲是欧洲的四倍大。

A is three (four,etc.) times bigger (higher, longer, wider) than B.

例如:Your school is three times bigger than ours.

你们的学校比我们的学校大三倍。

表示两倍可以用 twice 或 double。

4、表示“最高程度”的形容词,如excellent,extreme,perfect等,没有最高级,也不能用比

较级。

need 表示“需要”或“必须”,作情态动词时,仅用于否定句或疑问句中。在肯定句中一般用must, have to, ought to或should 代替。例如:

You needn't come so early.

Need I finish the work today? --Yes, you must.

注意:needn't have done“表示本来不必做某事而实际上做了某事”。

例如:You needn't have waited for me.

“should have done”表示应该做到而实际上没有做到。

You should have started earlier.

“ought to have done”表示过去应做某事而实际未做。

You ought to have helped him (but you didn't)

书报的标题,小说等情节介绍常用一般现在时。

表示感觉,愿望和状态的某些动词如have, be, hear, see, like等词一般不用进行时。 有些动词形式上是主动结构,但表示被动的意思。常见的有可和 well, easily 等副词连用的

不及物动词sell,wash,write,read,clean,cook等。例如:

The cloth washes well.这布很经洗。

The new product sells well.这新产品很畅销。

The pen writes well.这支笔很好写。

在动词 arrange,command, demand, desire,insist, order,propose, request, require, suggest等后面的宾语从句中用“(should)+ 动词原形”(虚拟语气)例如:

We suggested that we (should) have a meeting.

We insisted that they (should) go with us.

The doctor ordered that she (should) stay in bed for a few days.

He demanded that we (should) start right away.

作定语的不定式如果是不及物动词,或者不定式所修饰的名词或代词是不定式动作的地点、工 具等,不定式后面须有相应的介词。例如:He is looking for a room to live in. There is nothing to worry about.

Please give me a knife to cut with.

There / It is no use/ good/ not any use/ good/ useless doing sth.

动词后可以用动名词作宾语,但不能用不定式:

admit,appreciate, avoid, consider, delay, enjoy, escape, excuse, feel like, fini sh, forgive, give up, imagine, include, keep, mention,mind,miss,practise, put of f, resist, risk, suggest, can't help, can't stand(无法忍受)等。

I tried not to go there.(我设法不去那里。)

I tried doing it again.(我试着又干了一次。)]

mean to do 有意... mean doing意味着...

I mean to come early today.(我打算今天早些来。)

Missing the train means waiting for another hour.

(误了这趟火车意味着再等一个小时。)

allow, advise, forbid, permit

We don't allow smoking here. We don't allow students to smoke.

动词need,require,want作“需要”解,其后跟动词作它的宾语时,若表示的含义是被动的,必

须用动名词,或不定式的被动式。例如:

The window needs(requires, wants)cleaning(to be cleaned).

在短语devote to, look forward to, pay attention to, stick to, be used to, object to,thank you for, excuse me for 等后的动词也必须用动名词形式:I look forward to hearing from you soon.

Badly polluted, the water cannot be drunk.(原因)

Being written in haste, the composition is full of mistakes.

(原因,强调写的过程,故应用现在分词一般被动式)

Having been deserted by his guide, he couldn't find his way through the jungle.( 为了强调已完成的动作)

Asked to stay, I couldn't very well refuse.

这里 asked 可能意味着 having been asked, 也可能意味着when/since I was asked, 但用

了 having been asked 就不会有歧义。

下面句中过去分词表示的时间与谓语动词所表示的时间相同,所以不能代之以强调先于谓语

动词的现在分词完成被动式。例如:

Covered with confusion, I left the room.我很窘地离开了房间。

United, we stand; divided, we fall. 团结则存,分裂则亡。

He used to live in London, use(d)n't he /didn't he?

There used to be a cinema here before the war, use(d)n't there /didn't there? Such things ought not to be allowed, ought they?

He ought to be punished, oughtn't he?

但在正式文体中,用ought we not形式。例如:

We ought to go, ought we not?或We ought to go ,should we not?

含有情态动词must的句子表示推则,作“想必”解时,疑问部分不可用mustn't。若前句强调对

现在情况的推测,疑问部分用aren't(isn't)十主语,例如:You must be tired,aren't you? 若陈述部分的must表示“有必要”时,附加疑问句部分则用needn't。例如:You must go ho me right now, needn't you?

当mustn't 表示禁止时,附加疑问部分一般用must。如:

You mustn't walk on grass, must you?

前句谓语动词是must have+过去分词时,若前句强调对过去情况的推测(一般有过去时间状语

),疑问部分的谓语动词用didn't+主语;若前句强调动作的完成,疑问部分的谓语动词用have

n't(hasn't)+主语, 例如:

He must have met her yesterday, didn't he?

You must have seen the film, haven't you?

陈述句谓语部分出现否定词缀时(前缀或后缀),疑问部分仍用否定结构。例如:He is unfit for his office, isn't he?

如果陈述部分包含有no, never, hardly, seldom, few, little,nowhere, nothing等否定或

半否定词时,疑问部分用肯定形式。例如:He is hardly 14 years old,is he?

如果陈述部分的主语为everyone,someone,no one等不定代词,其疑问部分的主语可用he,也可

用they。

Everyone knows his job, doesn't he?

Everyone knows their job,don't they?

No one was hurt,were they?

I'm late, aren't I?

One can't be too careful,can one(you)?

Have a cup of tea, will you?

Let's go there,shall we? Let us go there,will you?

同位语从句跟在名词后面,进一步说明该名词的具体内容。引导同位语从句的名词主要有fac t, news, promise, idea, truth等。连接词用that (不用which)及连接副词how, when, wh ere, why等。例如:

His delay is due to the fact that the car went wrong halfway.

The news that our team has won the match is true.

She asked the reason wh

y there was a delay.

关联词只能用whether不能用if表示“是否”的情况如下:

A)在表语从句和同位语从句中。例如:

The question is whether the film is worth seeing.

The news whether our team has won the match is unknown.

B)在主语从句中,只有用it作形式主语时,whether和if都能引导主语从句,否则,也只能用whe

ther。例如:

Whether we shall attend the meeting hasn't been decided yet.

It hasn't been decided whether(if)we shall attend the meeting.

C)在介词之后。(介词往往可以省略)例如:

It all depends (on) whether they will support us.

D)后面直接跟动词不定式时。

He doesn't know whether to stay or not.

E)后面紧接or not 时。

We didn't know whether or not she was ready.

F)引导让步状语从句,只能用whether。

Whether you like it or not, you must do it well.

G)用if会引起歧义时。例如:Please let me know if you like it.

该句有两个意思:“请告诉我你是否喜欢”。

或“如果你喜欢,请告诉我。”用了whether就可以避免。

在下面几种情况下必须用“that”引导定语从句:

1)先行词是不定代词:all,few,little, much,something,nothing,anything等。All that we have to do is to practise every day.

2)先行词被序数词或形容词最高级所修饰。

The first lesson that I learned will never be forgotten.

3)先行词被all,any,every, each, few,little,no,some, 等修饰。

I have read all the book (that) you gave me.

4)先行词被 the only, the very, the same, the last 修饰时。

He is the only person that I want to talk to.

5)先行词既有人又有物时。They talked of things and persons that they remembered i n the school.

先行词是表示地点时,要根据从句的谓语动词是及物的还是不及物的。如果是及物的就用tha t(which),否则用where。

This is the house where he lived last year.

This is the house that (which) he visited last year.

用no sooner„than和hardly„when引导的从句表示“刚„„就„„”。主句中的动词一般用

过去完成时,从句用过去时;而且主句一般倒装,把助动词had提到前面。例如:Hardly had I entered the room when I heard a loud noise.

代词作主语时,主谓语序不变。Here it is. Here he comes.

当句首状语为表示地点的介词词组时也常常引起全部倒装。

South of the city lies a big steel factory.

From the valley came a frightening sound.

表语置于句首时,倒装结构为“表语+连系动词+主语”。

Present at the meeting were Professor White,Professor Smith and many other guest s.

Gone are the days when they could do what they liked to the Chinese people. Among the goods are Christmas trees, flowers, candles and toys.

He has been to Beijing. So have I.

Li Wei can't answer the question. Neither can I.

部分倒装

用于省略if的虚拟条件状语从句。Had you reviewed your lessons,you might have passe d the examination.

3.用于“形容词(或名词、动词)+as(though)引导的让步状语从句中。例如:Pretty as she is ,she is not clever.

Try as he would, he might fail again.

如果从句的表语是名词,其名词前不加任何冠词。

Child as he was, he had to make a living.

用于no sooner„than„,hardly„when和not until的句型中。Not until the teacher cam e did he finish his homework.

用于never,hardly,seldom,scarcely, barely, little,often,at no time,not only,not o nce等词开头的句子。

Never shall I do this again.

Little did he know who the woman was.

6.用于以only开头的句子(only修饰副词,介词短语或状语从句时)。Only this afternoon d id I finish the novel.

Only in this way can you master English.

Only when he told me did I realize what trouble he was in.

如果only后面的词组不是状语,则不用倒装。

Only Wang Ling knows this.

用于某些表示祝愿的句子。May you succeed!祝你成功!

stomach-stomachs,a German-three Germans,

an American-two Americans,man cook - men cooks;

papers 报纸, 文件 manners礼貌 drinks饮料

in a word 简言之 in other words 换句话说

have words with 与某人吵嘴

have a few words (a word) with sb.与某人说几句话

The crowd were running for their lives.

某些集体名词, 如people, police, cattle等, 只当复数看待, 谓语动词必须用复数。The police are searching for him.

范文八:中考英语冲刺班之知识点

阳光英语内部资料

仁爱英语中考复习材料之教材知识点

 七年级上册

Unit 1-2

1.very much 2.be/come from 3....years old

9.look like

17.in a yellow dress

21.give sth. to sb

22. want to do sth. =help sb. with sth. =give sb. Sth

=would like to do sth.

笔记补充: 1 阳光英语-Miss Zheng (13600779622) 4.in Class Four,Grade Five 6.big eyes

阳光英语内部资料

Unit 3

1.speak Chinese 2.no problem 3.not...at all

4.know a lot about 5.live in England 6.each other

7.like...a little 8.a lot of people 9.read letters

10.at home 11.a photo of 12.on a farm

13.in a hospital 14.drive a bus 15.on the sofa

16.in an office 17.have a big family 18.play with...

19.Chinese food 20.all right 21.a glass of apple juice

22.have dinner/lunch/breakfast 23.good idea

24.eat out 25.be glad to do sth. 26.on Sundays

27.help oneself (t0).. 28.what/how about...?

29.take one’s order 30.something to drink/eat

31.be kind to sb.=be friendly to 32.show sb. Sth.=show sth. to sb

笔记补充: 2 阳光英语-Miss Zheng (13600779622)

阳光英语内部资料

Unit4

1.try on 2.a bottle of 3.be free 4.go to the West Hill

5.do one’s homework 7.go for a picnic 8.have a picnic

9.sing songs 10.fly a kite/kites 11.get some water

12.cook for sb. 13.have to 14.go out 15.speak to..

16.go shopping 17.next time 18.get up 19.go home

20.go to the zoo 21.go to bed 22.on (one’s)/the way home

23.on the way to school

26.tell sb sth.=tell sth. to sb

27.be kind of sb

笔记补充:

24.think about tell sb to do sth 28.thank sb for doing sth 3 25.call sb back 阳光英语-Miss Zheng (13600779622)

范文九:中考英语有很多知识点

中考英语有很多知识点,但每年必考,常考的同学们必须掌握。

人教学习网

总结历年

中考

考试频率最高的知识点,希望能帮到大家:

1.stop to do sth. 和stop doing sth.

“stop to do sth.” 表示停止做其它事情而去做“to do sth.”所表示的事情,可以将“to do sth.”理解成“stop”的目的状语:“stop doing sth.”表示不做“doing sth.”所表示的事情。

例如:“Stop talking. Let's begin our class.” said the teacher. 老师说:“别说话了,让我们开始上课。”

We have kept doing our homework for along time. Let's stop to listen to music. 我们做家庭作业很长时间了,让我们停下来听听音乐。

2.have sth. done.(过去分词)(让别人)做某事

例如:I had my hair cut yesterday afternoon. 我昨天下午理了发。

My computer can not work now. I must have itrepaired. 我的电脑有故障了,我必须让人修好它。

3.forget to do sth.和forget doing sth. (remember to do sth. 和remember doing sth.)

“forget to do sth.”表示将来不要忘记做某事,谈的是未来的事情:“forget doing sth.”表示忘记过去应该做的事情。

例如:“Don't forget to do your homework.” said the teacher before the class was over. 老师在下课前说:“不要忘记做家庭作业。”

“I'm sorry. I forgot doing my homework. May Ihand it in this afternoon,Mr. Chen?”said Li Ming. 李明说:“对不起,我忘记做家庭作业了。我今天下午交好吗,陈老师?”

4. 感官动词后接不带to的不定式或者现在分词的区别

例如:see sb. do sth.看见某人(经常)做某事 和see sb. doing sth.看见某人(正在)做某事

I often see him do exercise in the morning. 我经常在早晨看见他锻炼身体。

When I was walking in thepark,I sawhim drawing a picture there. 当我在公园散步的时候,我看见他正在那里画画。

5. 介词后面一般接动名词。同学们要特别注意介词to和不定式符号to的区别,例如下面的词组一定要记清:

prefer doing sth. to doing sth. 喜欢做„„不喜欢做„„

look forward to doing sth. 期待/盼望做某事

make a contribution to doing sth. 为„„做出贡献

6. 在主动语态中,感官动词(see,hear,feel,watch等)和使役动词(make,have,let等)要求接不带to的不定式做宾语补足语,而在被动语态里,不定式要带上to.

例如:The boss often made the workers work 10hours a day.

The workers were made to work 10 hours a day.

She was heard to use stronglanguage. 听说她骂人了。

7.常用的几个和不定式有关的句型:

Why not do sth?为什么不做某事?

It takes/took sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花了某人多长时间。

It is/was +形容词+(for sb.) +to do sth. 做某事(对某人来说)怎么样。

8. 现在分词和过去分词做定语的区别

A. 现在分词含有正在进行的意思,而过去分词含有被动或者已经完成的意思,如:

a developing country 发展中国家 a developed country 发达国家

boiling water 正在沸腾的水(一般情况下水温为100℃) boiled water 开水(已经烧开的水,水温可以依然很高,也可以是凉白开)

a boy named Jim 一个叫Jim的男孩

B. 有些动词的现在分词和过去分词都具有形容词特征,但是它们的意思有区别。它们的-ing形式往往用来说明事物的特征;他们的-ed形式表示被动的意思,用来说明人的情况。

I am interested in this interesting story. 我对这个有趣的故事感兴趣。

I am moved at the moving sight. 我被这动人的情景感动了。

They were amazed at the amazing facts. 他们对那些令人惊异的事实感到惊奇。

距离中考还有3个月时间,对于中考中常考的这些知识点,不理解没明白的要抓紧时间请教老师或同学,找相关题目练习。不能把该拿的分数丢掉。祝大家复习瞬息,考试更上一层楼!

范文十:中考英语知识点总结

中考英语知识点总结

初一年级(上)

【知识梳理】

I. 重点短语

1. Sit down

2. on duty

3. in English

4. have a seat

5. at home

6. look like

7. look at

8. have a look

9. come on

10. at work

11. at school

12. put on

13. look after

14. get up

15. go shopping

II. 重要句型

1. help sb. do sth.

2. What about…?

3. Let’s do sth.

4. It’s time to do sth.

5. It’s time for …

6. What’s…? It is…/ It’s…

7. Where is…? It’s….

8. How old are you? I’m….

9. What class are you in?

I’m in….

10. Welcome to….

11. What’s …plus…? It’s….

12. I think…

13. Who’s this? This is….

14. What can you see? I can see?.

15. There is (are) ….

16. What colour is it (are they)? It’s (They’re)…

17. Whose …is this? It’s….

18. What time is it? It’s….