He realized that his age might work to his advantage.
A.get him away from the chance
B.help him to get the chance
C.make his effort useless
D.put him in disadvantage
I was given too much privilege, I was given too much latitude and probably, too much free money.
B.freedom to choose
He may sound like an Archie-bunker, but he’s got a point.
A.a kind of job
B.a famous movie star
C.rich people with high social status
D.A type of working-class man who often reacts to social pressures in a bigoted and self-righteous manner.
Jessie O’Neal, a psychotherapist, ______(invent a new term) of “Affluenza”.
A.invented the coin
B.termed the coin
C.made the coin
D.coined the term
There are a great many manic depressive who either hide in alcohol or drugs.
A.covered by the behavior of either excessive drinking or taking drugs
B.hiding in a bar or drugstore
C.trying to hide from the truth that they either drink or take drug
D.burying oneself in alcohol and drugs
I'm __________ (which remains in the thoughts) with gloomy thoughts and sad memories.
The order has been ______ (cancelled) . You can go home now.
There is a fine line between reality and illusion.
A.a great distinction
B.a distinction seen only with difficulty and effort
The Russians had been talking about their superior technology and they were making hay with this all over the world.
A.making use of something
C.stopping using something
D.discussing about something
Nick especially was a handful.
A.a stubborn person
B.a naughty guy
C.a smart boy
D.a person difficult to control
The whole project has come to a __
______ (a motionless state, stop or halt).
You just got jacked. Give me your wallet.
D.held up and robbed
The achievement made in study closely _____ (to show the close shared relationship) the scholarship.
Children are fascinated by the _____(unreal) battles in computer games.
The mother made a _____(causing painful feelings) decision to leave her child alone in the wild.
But Nicholas was the juggling act where I was juggling the salami o my nose and everything else and suddenly it was the grand piano on my head.
A.He put a quite heavy piano on my head
B.It was a heavy blow on me
C.He asked me to play the piano for him
D.I had to teach him how to play piano
Others try to pass it off as just a robbery.
A.stop the investigation
B.start the investigation
mber it as
Sometimes, the greatness of the parents lies in their decision to sacrifice themselves for the _____ (advantage, benefit) of their children.
Some of them are orthodox in their thinking, some ingrained people unshakable in their beliefs.
B.conventional and traditional
He is a double-dealing guy. He acts before some powerful people as if he was obedient, but then _______(to come or go back) to his cruelty when facing ordinary civilians.
He directly got to the point of the matter and had no reservation at all. He had a ______(practical and direct in an honest way) attitude.
All the ________ (arguments) seemed to count for nothing in the end.
I would rather be _______ (honest, frank) with you.
I mean he was a 24 hour a day project. I mean literally 20hours of my day was Nick.
A.I had to attend to him every second in a day
B.He had to do his project in 24 hours
C.His project is very hard
D.He is all my life
So whenever you are feeling down, you just look up here and you go.
A.You just come here and I will help you
B.Here will be a perfect place for you to restart
C.You need to do nothing but keep going
D.You just think about the good things, try to feel hopeful and keep going
D you feel as if you dodged a bullet? "Oh, yeah, and I feel real lucky."
B.surviving a war
D.having a narrow escape
In deference to Islam, no mixed swimming. The girls' beach is a distant hazy no-no.
A.a place that can be vaguely seen and no males can visit
B.located in a remote place
D.a place that everyone can visit
There is no sure-fire way to guard against affluenza.
A.certain to succeed
His plan was to pretend he was sick. But the prison officials didn't buy it.
He is always _______(not sever, especially in punishing people) in his treatment of offenders.
She is such a _________ (shinning, charming, beautiful) girl that the young men in this village are willing to do anything for her.
We saw how totally whacked out he was getting.
So that was my tool to find out what I was really about.
A.I used to work with this kind of tool
B.that helped me in getting a better understanding of myself and more confidence
C.only with this tool I can find back my confidence
D.I am totally at a loss
Roger, the clock is opening, we are under way.
A.be in a hurry
B.be in danger
C.be under control
D.be in process
After finally hitting rock bottom, Bob Kravitz cleaned up his act. Now at 33 he has finally settled down!
A.reaching the lowest point
B.experiencing the best things
C.falling down from a high place
D.hitting on a rock
They are not doing things on a regular _______(in a regular manner).
Any of the typical problems among teenage kids here crossover romances?
A.making good friends
C.fighting with each other
D.falling in love with each other
Well, I think on days where you are devastated, you have to have your game face on.
A.pretend that you are OK
B.pretend that you are not influnced at all
C.face difficulty or setback with courage
D.give up completely
Unit 3 Splendor in the Grass
1. Deanie is Bud’s grilfriend. They have known each other ever since their childhood and they love each other deeply. Bud is handsome, and he’s a basketball player in the school team. Deanie is pretty and everyone knows she is a nice girl.
2. Bud feels a strong passion of love. However, what Deanie allows him to do is nothing more than a kiss. She looks so dignified that Bud feels guilty and ashamed when he wants to have sex with her. So, he has to suppress all his desire for her.
3. Deanie loves Bud and she will do anything Bud wants her to do. Her love is just as passionate as that of Bud. However, she is afraid that having sex before marriage will turn her into a bad girl in other’s eyes, and being too open about sex will make her unworthy of Bud’s love.
4. She warns Deanie that boys bear no respect to a girl who is open about sex and cares nothing about virginity, and they will never want such a girl to be their wife. Besides, she tells Deanie no nice girl should have sexual desires, so she advises Deanie to behave as such a nice girl, never allowing a boy to lay a hand on her.
5. Mr. S tamper does not stop his som from seeing Deanie for he agrees Deanie is a nice girl.But, he will not allow Bud to marry her now because he believes Bud has a future and he should not let a romance become his obstacle in his pursuit of success in career.He warns Bud not to get the girl
pregnant so that the son does not need to marry the girl before going to college.
6. Mr. Stamper wants the boy to study in Yale. However, Bud prefers to marryDeanie, go to an agricultural college with her, and return to run the family farm after graduation. Mr. Stamper turns a deaf ear to the boy’s plea, because he has been disappointed by his daughter and he takes Bud as his final hope to satisfy his determination to with the family fame and glory.
7. Ginny is rebellious to her father’s authoritarian rule in the family and to the conservative norms in the town. She is sent to college but instead of studying hard for a degree, she plays around with boys and gets pregnant. After having an abortion, she comes back to the town and keeps living in a rebellious way. Thus, she becomes the talk of the town and the shame of her father.
8. Yes, Deanie represents the nice girls and Ginny is the ‘bad girls’.
9. Ginny’s tragedy makes Bud believe that once a girl becomes too open about sex, she will be totally destroyed. He becomes afraid that some day he cannot suppress his desire for Deanie ant thus turns her into a bad girl. So, he stops seeing Deanie, and find outlets of his desire with some other girl.
10. Deanie is deeply depressed at the time for as anyone else, she has learnt about Bud’s affair with another girl, which is totally beyond her unders
tanding. When the teacher asks her to explain the poem, she breaks down. What the poem says echoes the pian in her heart. She thinks the poet is trying to day that the young tend to look things in an idealistic way, but when they grow up, they have to forget the ieals in youth and find strength. She believes she has lost Bud forever and nothing can bring back his love to her. All she has once believed is destroyed by such a dramatic breakup. 11. She suspects that Deanie has lost her virginity to Bud. On hearing her mother’s suspicion, Deanie breaks down and fires back at her mother violently.She keeps shouting to her mother that she is not spoiled because she feels totally confused whether it is right for her to keep to such norms. All she does is to make herself worthy of Bud’s love, but it turns out that what she believes drives Bud away from her. Regret, pain, uncertainty, fear and hatred drive her crazy.
12. She wears a sexy make-up and a sexy dress. She believes Bud leaves her because she is too conservative about sex. If she can be more open, she can once again win his heart.
13. But firmly believes Deanie is a nice girl with dignity. He finds Deanie is behaving very strangely that night, and he doesn’t want to do anything that Deanie will regret later. Deanie takes his rejection as a refusal of her love and a revelation of contempt. She has no idea how to win his heart, she feels ashamed, and she is completely at loss about how to behave herself. Thus, she decides to kill herself.
14. He feels regret and painful. It’s moral rules cause her insanity.
15. He has no interest in his study, so he plays a lot, drinks a lot, and fails almost all his exams. Besides, he starts having an affair with Italian waitress, which further disappoints his father.
16. The collapse of the stock market in 1929 makes Mr. Stamper go bankruptcy. He sees no future in his own life and he knows that he no longer has the money to support his son’s education in Yale. The man kills himself in despair.
17. She meets Johnnie at the hospital, and they soon become friends. At the hospital, Deanie lives in a relaxed wayand she is able to express herself freely withou pressure or fear of breaking any social norms. Besides, Johnnie’s care and love make it easier for to recover. 18. She decides to marry him because she loves him. However, deep in heart, she is not quite sure of her love because she has never stopped thinking of Bud. Her doctor suggests she go to meet Bud after she returns home because only after talking with Bud, Deanie can be sure of herself and can know exactly which man she loves most now. Otherwise, she will always remain regretful and she can never get rid of Bud in her heart, which will make her marriage not as happy as she expects. 19. She begins to question her way of raising Deanie. She says sorry to Deanie, but she is just raising her daughter in the way her mother raised her, the only way she knows. She hopes Deanie can understand that whether she does it right or wrong. It’s all out of a mot
her’s love for the daughter.
20. When Deanie’s mother and her friends try to keep Deanie away from Bud, her father tells her how to find him. Deanie kisses her father bacause only the old man treats her as a responsible adult who has the ability and freedom to make her own decision. She feels grateful for being treated as an equal. 21. Once again, Deanie remembers the lines in Wordsworth’s poem. She feels life has changed everything and there’s no need to feel painful or regretful because they have all become adults and they all have a new life to live.
学 分 数：6学分
教学实施分为课堂教学与自主学习，教学内容分为音频和视频两部分：音频教材方面主要包括《英语专业三年级听力教程》、《英语中级听力》、《英语专业四年级听力教程》，以及带前方记者报道的最新VOA 、BBC 、NPR 新闻等；视频教材包括《高级英语视听说教程》、《英语高级视听说》、片长10分钟左右的多主题短片，BBC/CNN视频新闻以及部分精选的记录片、影视剧片段等。授课教师在教材既定的总体框架下，可根据学生的实际水平和国际国内形势的发展情况，灵活组合、添加部分最新音、视频材料用于课堂教学，以保证教学内容时时更新，反映最新形势。
第五、六学期，教学内容主要为《英语专业三年级听力教程》、《英语中级听力》、《英语高级视听说》（上）中的材料，辅以带有前方记者报道的VOA 、BBC 、NPR 新
充分使用与本课程配套的自主学习资源网站——Listening Paradise及 “二十一世纪高级英语视听说教程”网络自主学习平台。
《高级英语视听说教程》（上、下），程工主编，解放军外语音像出版社，2005年。 《英语高级视听说》（上、下），王岚主编，上海外语教育出版社，2008年。 VOA 、BBC 、NPR 等音频新闻，任课教师自编（选录、选编最新新闻材料）。 BBC 与CNN 视频新闻与专题报道，任课教师自编（选录、选编最新新闻材料）。
Listening Paradise 听力自主学习资源网站（通过校园网访问英语系服务器），杨世登，2005年。
Unit8 Chasing The Flu
If this year of tsunamis, earthquakes and hurricanes has taught us anything, it's that worst case scenarios do sometimes happen. Now with winter upon us, the latest thing to worry about is the avian flu -- a particularly deadly bird virus that is ravaging the poultry industry in Asia, and has, on rare occasions, infected humans, killing half of its victims.
Fewer than 100 people have died worldwide, yet the World Health Organization calls it the most serious health threat facing the planet, greater than AIDS or tuberculosis. Because humans have no immunity to the virus, and there are no proven drugs or vaccines to stop it, it has the potential to cause an influenza pandemic similar to the one that killed 50 million people in 1918. It may not happen, but billions of dollars are being spent to sequence its genes, track its movement, and slow its progress in what many people believe could be a race against time. 60 Minutes set out for Europe and Asia chasing the flu.
Correspondent Steve Kroft reports.
It's called the H5N1 virus, a primitive piece of genetic material so small it can barely be seen under the most powerful microscopes. Like all flu viruses, it is constantly evolving and every day scientists record the latest changes as it moves silently around the globe in the bellies of birds.
The virus has infected the waterfowl now migrating the flyways over Southeast Asia. This is the front line in the battle against avian flu, where the most cases have been identified and the most people have died.
Ducks and geese have passed it along to domestic poultry, and humans have gotten it from sick birds. So far, the virus can't pass easily from human to human, but a single deadly mutation could change that and trigger the deaths of tens of millions of people.
"Time is the essence," says Dr. Margaret Chan, the World Health Organization's chief of Pandemic Influenza in Geneva. She calls it a warning signal from nature.
"For the first time in history we are seeing a pandemic unfolding in front of our eyes," says Dr. Chan. No one has more experience with H5N1 than Dr. Chan. She was director of health in Hong Kong when the first outbreak occurred there in 1997.
This is a virus that affects mostly birds and has killed fewer than 100 people. Why does Dr. Chan see it as such a serious health threat?
"We are seeing very worrying signs, the geographical spread of this virus, and it has extended beyond the usual sort of poultry sector. It is infecting cats. It's causing death in tigers, and so on and so forth. Now we are getting all these signals, and we are tracking the changes of the virus," she explains. "If you look at the disease it causes in human being, [it] is very severe, with a very high fatality rate. More than about half of the people infected die. We have not seen anything quite like it," says Dr. Chan. "And also, this virus causes unprecedented spread in the animal sector. And we have never seen this in the entire history of mankind."
The best minds in health, science and veterinary medicine have been mobilized to try and stop the bird flu before it can become highly contagious in humans.
Nearly 200 million chickens exposed to the virus have already been destroyed, yet, in the last few months the H5N1 virus has spread from Asia into Europe.
Every morning at the World Health Organization's Strategic Health Operations Center, scientists and public health officials gather to go over the latest information and monitor every suspected hu
man infection. They call it the morning prayers. The man in charge is Dr. Mike Ryan.
"Most of these cases represent a situation in which the virus has breached a barrier between animals and humans. And every time it breaches that barrier is a potential opportunity for a pandemic to start. So each and every one of those cases is important and vital for us to understand what's going on," says Dr. Ryan.
There have been several cases in Vietnam and Thailand, where the virus seems to have spread from human to human, but only to close family members and caregivers. Then the transmission stopped. "What we haven't seen is sustained efficient human to human transmission. We have not seen chains of infection. And of that we're sure. And that's what we need to look out for," says Dr. Ryan.
To do it, Ryan is building an international surveillance system with ministries of health all over the world that he hopes would be able to detect the trigger point of a pandemic, the first signs that the virus has become contagious in humans. The plan calls for medical SWAT teams to be flown to the site, to quarantine the area, and begin administering millions of doses of a drug called Tamiflu, the strongest anti virals available.
"We won't have time, possibly, at the beginning of a pandemic even to get laboratory confirmation. It may take days to get laboratory confirmation," says Dr. Ryan. "We may have to make this judgment on the basis of the existence of a cluster that's spreading quickly. And that signal will be very strong. You'll see the disease extend very quickly from two to four to ten. To 20. To 30, 50, and beyond number of… And when you start to see that mini explosion of cases, we're going to have a very, very short time in which to do something about that. Very short." How long do scientists have?
"The intervention time will be measured from days to weeks. I think no longer than a month at the extreme," says Dr. Ryan.
Dr. Ryan says if an outbreak isn't stopped or controlled in 30 days, scientists may lose the battle, "and nobody knows whether that can be done." How good is Dr. Ryan's surveillance system? "My fear is that there are blind spots. That there are blind spots in our surveillance system at national level. And that creates blind spots globally," he explains.
One of those blind spots is in Cambodia, the poorest of the Southeast Asian countries where the virus is most active. Migratory waterfowl have already infected domestic ducks and chickens, a major source of protein for most the people here. Many of them live in poverty with no access to health care. So far, the virus has killed four people in Cambodia, all of them thought to have been exposed to the blood or droppings of infected chickens and ducks, which are still slaughtered and sold in open air markets all over the country. And doctors here are as scarce as hens' teeth. One of them is Dr. Ly Sovann, the Cambodian government's director of disease surveillance -- the man in charge of stopping the avian flu here.
Dr. Sovann says the government is prepared for the event of an outbreak, but says "we are not really good prepare yet."
If there are signs that the disease is spreading among humans, Dr. Sovann's job is to report the first outbreaks to officials in Geneva and wait for international help to arrive. But when 60 Minutes visited Cambodia last month, Dr. Sovann said he had fewer than 150 doses of the antiviral drug Tamiflu for a nation of 13 million people.
Dr. Sovann says there is only one dose per province. "But we need more," he says.
Dr. Sovann and his six member staff work out of a small room on the third floor of the health ministry,
where he keeps an emergency supply of biohazard suits piled in his office. The power goes off every night at 7 p.m.
If he's called to a pandemic emergency, he'll have to take a taxi. He is supposed to be in charge of the national reporting system, but there is one office phone for the entire staff.
The national pandemic hotline is his personal cell phone. But when you travel outside the city, you realize it may not matter. In most villages there are no telephones to call Dr. Sovann. And even if there was, Dr. Megge Miller, an Australian who is the World Health Organization's epidemiologist in Cambodia, says there's little awareness of avian flu once you get out to the countryside. In the villages, people live with their chickens and ducks. "They are members of the family," says Dr. Miller.
There are lots of things in Cambodia that kill people. Every year, thousands die from TB, malaria, tetanus and other infections. Bird flu is not yet a major concern. "People don't believe in avian influenza," says Dr. Miller.
She says it is possible cases of avian flu in Cambodia may have gone undetected. "It's possible that we have missed cases, because we won't pick up every single case occurring singly," Dr. Miller says. Asked if she thinks the surveillance system is good enough to detect when the virus makes the
jump, Dr. Miller says, "We're not going to pick up the first case or the second case. I don't think we'll pick up the first jump. We're just not going to. What we're hoping to be able to do, and I'm fairly confident we should pick this up, if we get a family cluster, it will worry people. And so they'll go looking for answers. So, hopefully, in that looking for answers, they'll get to the right people and the alert will be triggered," she says.
Dr. Miller says the quality of healthcare in many villages is primitive. "Thankfully in this village, it's not too difficult to get to a health center. I mean, whether someone is there is the big issue. And also whether they're aware of the symptoms of bird flu," she explains.
The skill level for health care workers is rudimentary at best. Less than half the provinces have received training sessions in the WHO's plan for flu surveillance, response and containment.
That plan, says Dr. Miller, might be workable in Cambodia. "There are a lot of logistical issues around mobilizing a lot of medicine and a lot of people in a short space of time. I mean we could get the medicine to Phnom Penh, but then how do we get the medicine from Phnom Penh airport out to the province? And one of the things we need to do with this sort of containment strategy is put a ring around the village and make sure no one goes into the village and no one goes out. Which is going to be the most difficult thing to control, because people are just used to going everywhere," she says. Dr. Miller says the Cambodian government is not yet fully prepared to respond to an outbreak of bird flu.
But neither is the rest of the world. If H5N1 were to become highly contagious in humans this winter it could spread to every country in the world in a matter of months. There is no way governments, health organizations, and pharmaceutical manufacturers would be able to produce sufficient amounts of the strongest anti viral drugs or vaccines to contain it.
"Right now, and we all admit that, right now if we had an explosion of an H5N1 we would not be prepared for that," says Dr. Anthony Fauci of the National Institutes of Health. He is the nation's point man on the avian flu.
The NIH is now testing a vaccine made from the current bird virus, but whether it would work against some future mutant strain that is contagious in humans is anybody's guess.
This virus has been around since 1997 and there are people who say that it hasn't made the jump yet
to the point where it can affect humans. Is it not going to?
"It is conceivable that this virus has already reached its dead end and these little blips of infections are just things that are manifestations of where it would like to go, but it's never going to get there," says Dr. Fauci. "On the other hand, the more this virus is infecting and killing chickens, and the more people that get infected by it, that's going to give the virus a greater chance of doing wh
at you hope it never does."
The White House has proposed a $7.1 billion program to prepare for a pandemic. Plans are underway to stockpile drugs and medical supplies and to develop treatment plans, quarantine strategies, and better and quicker ways to manufacture vaccines. But what money can't buy is time. Dr. Fauci says he doesn't see the preparations for the H5N1 virus as an exercise to improve
capabilities of fighting off a pandemic. "Well, I don't see it as an exercise because it could be the big one. It could be. And if it is, our rushing around doing what we need to do, pushing the envelope, is not for naught or in vain."
What, in his opinion, are the chances there could be a pandemic during this flu season?
"The probability of next month a H5N1 turning into a widely disseminated 1918 version, given where we are now, in my opinion, is low. Is it zero? No. Since it isn't, I'm assuming the worst case scenario will happen," says Dr. Fauci.
Dr. Fauci says it is the only way to proceed, but not the only possible outcome. It is conceivable that a human pandemic of H5N1 could emerge from the masses in Asia and turn out to be no more deadly than a bad case of the flu, which people often forget kills, on an average, 36,000 Americans every year.
Unit 4 Brain Man
Almost 25 years ago, 60 Minutes introduced viewers to George Finn, whose talent was immortalized in the movie "Rain Man." George has a condition known as savant syndrome, a mysterious disorder of the brain where someone has a spectacular skill, even genius, in a mind that is otherwise extremely limited.
Morley Safer met another savant, Daniel Tammet, who is called "Brain Man" in Britain. But unlike most savants, he has no obvious mental disability, and most important to scientists, he can describe his own thought process. He may very well be a scientific Rosetta stone, a key to understanding the brain.
Back in 1983, George Finn, blessed or obsessed with calendar calculation, could give you the day if you gave him the date.
"What day of the week was August 13th, 1911?" Safer quizzed Finn.
"A Sunday," Finn replied.
"What day of the week was May 20th, 1921?" Safer asked.
"Friday," Finn answered.
George Finn is a savant. In more politically incorrect times he would have been called an "idiot savant" - a mentally handicapped or autistic person whose brain somehow possesses an island of brilliance.
Asked if he knew how he does it, Finn told Safer, "I don't know, but it's just that, that's fantastic I can do that."
If this all seems familiar, there?s a reason: five years after the 60 Minutes broadcast, Dustin Hoffman immortalized savants like George in the movie "Rain Man."
Which brings us to that other savant we mentioned: Daniel Tammet. He is an Englishman, who is a 27-year-old math and memory wizard.
"I was born November 8th, 1931," Safer remarks.
"Uh-huh. That's a prime number. 1931. And you were born on a Sunday. And this year, your birthday will be on a Wednesday. And you'll be 75," Tammet tells Safer.
It is estimated there are only 50 true savants living in the world today, and yet none are like Daniel. He is articulate, self-sufficient, blessed with all of the spectacular ability of a savant, but with very little of the disability. Take his math skill, for example.
Asked to multiply 31 by 31 by 31 by 31, Tammet quickly - and accurately - responded with "923,521."
And it?s not just calculating. His gift of memory is stunning. Briefly show him a long numerical sequence and he?ll recite it right back to you. And he can do it backwards, to boot.
That feat is just a warm-up for Daniel Tammet. He first made headlines at Oxford, when he publicly recited the endless sequence of numbers embodied by the Greek letter "Pi." Pi, the numbers we use to calculate the dimensions of a circle, are usually rounded off to 3.14. But its numbers actually go on to infinity.
Daniel studied the sequence - a thousand numbers to a page.
"And I would sit and I would gorge on them. And I would just absorb hundreds and hundreds at a time," he tells Safer.
It took him several weeks to prepare and then Daniel headed to Oxford, where with number crunchers checking every digit, he opened the floodgates of his extraordinary memory.
Tammet says he was able to recite, in a proper order, 22,514 numbers. It took him over five hours and he did it without a single mistake.
Scientists say a memory feat like this is truly extraordinary. Dr. V.S. Ramachandran and his team at the California Center for Brain Study tested Daniel extensively after his Pi achievement.
What did he make of him?
"I was surprised at how articulate and intelligent he was, and was able to interact socially and introspect on his own-abilities," says Dr. Ramachandran.
And while that introspection is extremely rare among savants, Daniel?s ability to describe how his mind works could be invaluable to scientists studying the brain, our least understood organ.
"Even how you and I do 17 minus nine is a big mystery. You know, how are these little wisps of jelly in your brain doing that computation? We don't know that," Dr. Ramachandran explains.
It may seem to defy logic, but Ramachandran believes that a savant?s genius could actually result from brain injury. "One possibility is that many other parts of the brain are functioning abnormally or sub-normally. And this allows the patient to allocate all his attentional resources to the one remaining part," he explains. "And there's a lot of clinical evidence for this. Some patients have a stroke and suddenly, their artistic skills improve."
That theory fits well with Daniel. At the age of four, he suffered a massive epileptic seizure. He believes that seizure contributed to his condition. Numbers were no longer simply numbers and he had developed a rare crossing of the senses known as synesthesia.
"I see numbers in my head as colors and shapes and textures. So when I see a long sequence, the sequence forms landscapes in my mind," Tammet explains. "Every number up to 10,000, I can visualize in this way, has it's own color, has it's own shape, has it's own texture."
For example, when Daniel says he sees Pi, he does those instant computations, he is not calculating, but says the answer simply appears to him as a landscape of colorful shapes.
"The shapes aren't static. They're full of color. They're full of texture. In a sense, they're full of life," he says.
Asked if they?re beautiful, Tammet says, "Not all of them. Some of them are ugly. 289 is an ugly number. I don't like it very much. Whereas 333, for example, is beautiful to me. It's round. It's?."
"Chubby," Safer remarks.
'It's-yes. It's chubby,' Tammet agrees.
Yet even with the development of these extraordinary abilities as a child, nobody sensed that Daniel was a prodigy, including his mother, Jennifer. But he was different.
"He was constantly counting things," Jennifer remembers. "I think, what first attracted him to books, was the actual numbers on each page. And he just loved counting."
Asked if she thinks there?s a connection between his epilepsy and his rare talent, she tells Safer, "He was always different from-when he was really a few weeks old, I noticed he was different. So I'm not sure that it's entirely that, but I think it might have escalated it."
Daniel was also diagnosed with Asperger?s Syndrome-a mild form of autism. It made for a painful childhood.
"I would flap my hands sometimes when I was excited, or pull at my fingers, and pull at my lips," Tammet remembers. "And of course, the children saw these things and would repeat them back to me, and tease me about them. And I would put my fingers in my ears and count very quickly in powers of two. Two, four, eight, 16, 32, 64."
"Numbers were my friends. And they never changed. So, they were reliable. I could trust them," he says.
And yet, Daniel did not retreat fully into that mysterious prison of autism, as many savants do. He believes his large family may have actually forced him to adapt.
"Because my parents, having nine children, had so much to do, so much to cope with, I realized I had to do for myself," he says.
He now runs his own online educational business. He and his partner Neil try to keep a low profile, despite his growing fame.
Yet the limits of his autism are always there. "I find it difficult to walk in the street sometimes if there are lots of people around me. If there's lots of noise, I put my fingers in my ears to block it out,' he says.
That anxiety keeps him close to home. He can?t drive, rarely goes shopping, and finds the beach a difficult place because of his compulsion to count the grains of sand. And it manifests itself in other ways, like making a very precise measurement of his cereal each morning: it must be exactly 45 grams of porridge, no more, no less.
Daniel was recently profiled in a British documentary called ?Brainman.? The producers posed a challenge that he could not pass up: Learn a foreign language in a week - and not just any foreign language, but Icelandic, considered to be one of the most difficult languages to learn.
In Iceland, he studied and practiced with a tutor. When the moment of truth came and he appeared on TV live with a host, the host said, "I was amazed. He was responding to our questions. He did understand them very well and I thought that his grammar was very good. We are very proud of our language and that someone is able to speak it after only one week, that?s just great."
"Do you think that Daniel, in a certain way, represents a real pathway to further understanding the brain?" Safer asks Dr. Ramachandran.
"I think one could say that time and again in science, something that looks like a curiosity initially often leads to a completely new direction of research," Ramachandran replies. "Sometimes, they provide the golden key. Doesn't always happen. Sometimes it's just mumbo-jumbo. But that may well be true with savants."
Daniel continues to volunteer for scientists who want to understand his amazing brain. But he is reluctant to become what he calls ?a performing seal? and has refused most offers to cash in on his remarkable skills.
"People all the time asking me to choose numbers for the lottery. Or to invent a time machine. Or to come up with some great discovery," he explains. "But my abilities are not those that mean that I can do at everything."
But he has written a book about his experiences, entitled "Born on a Blue Day."
He also does motivational speeches for parents of autistic children-yet one more gift of his remarkable brain.
But at the end of the day-genius or not-that brain does work a little differently.
"One hour after we leave today, and I will not remember what you look like. And I will find it difficult to recognize you, if I see you again. I will remember your handkerchief. And I will remember you have four buttons on your sleeve. And I'll remember the type of tie you're wearing. It's the details that I remember," Tammet tells Safer.
And it?s the details that make us all so different. One man may see numbers as a tedious necessity of modern life, another sees them as the essence of life.
"Pi is one of the most beautiful things in all the world and if I can share that joy in numbers, if I can share that in some small measure with the world through my writing and through my speaking, then I feel that I will have done something useful," he says.