雾都孤儿论文

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范文一:雾都孤儿论文

《雾都孤儿》中南希的双重性格研究

初等教育学院 小学教育(英语)专业 2010级 彭霞

指导教师 龙娟

摘 要:《雾都孤儿》中的南希是整个故事情节发展中的关键人物,她集善良与罪恶于一身的双重性格也给读者留下了深刻的印象。本文主要通过深入分析南希的凄惨身世,所处的环境等方面,来解读南希的双重性格特点以及这种性格在她的生活和感情等多方面的体现和她这种双重性格形成的原因。

关键词:雾都孤儿;南希;双重性格

Abstract:The key character Nancy in Oliver Twist is between good and evil, and her complex personality impressed many readers. This paper analyzes Nancy’s sad life, living environment and so on to explore her character, its reflection of her life and love life and its cause.

Key words:Oliver Twist; Nancy; dual character

狄更斯是十九世纪英国文坛上一位杰出的批判现实主义的小说家。他本人出生在十九世纪英国的一个贫穷家庭,亲身经历了当时英国社会的生活压迫。在他的大部分作品当中,都充满了对他当时所处的那个英国社会制度时代的不公的强烈批判。揭露腐败和贫穷,讽刺伪善与官僚主义在他的作品中屡见不鲜。《雾都孤儿》是他的早期作品,同时也是他最杰出的作品之一,反映了19世纪初叶英国残酷的社会现实,揭示了无情的吃人剥削的资本主义制度。故事通过围绕出身孤儿的小主人公奥利弗几度身陷以费金为首的扒手魔窟,历经磨难,终于逃离虎口的曲折经历,塑造了几个被迫做贼的青少年的人物形象。南希就是其中一个。小说中的南希并非主要人物,但她却是整个故事情节发展中的关键人物。她的双重性格和悲惨命运更是整个故事的一大看点。

南希是一个矛盾的人物。一方面,她很善良,心存正义。她明白自己所在的扒

手团伙的罪恶,痛恨做扒手,也痛恨团伙里的恶人。她同情奥利弗与自己有相同的遭遇,为了拯救奥利弗,她不惜赌上自己的性命。另一方面,作为一个扒手,在费金的控制下,她犯下了无数的罪行,并忠于扒手团伙组织。南希很小就父母双亡,后由费金收养,从此她别无选择走上了做扒手的道路。尽管成长在扒手团伙中,她善良的人性却一直未曾泯灭,让人不禁心生怜悯。徘徊在善与恶的边缘她,总让读者的心随其跌宕起伏,也让读者更加愿意去研究她那让人难以捉摸的双重性格。双重性格,通常叫做双重人格。从医学上讲,双重人格就是正常人在相同时刻存在两种(或更多)的思维方式,其中,各种思维的运转和决策不受其他思维方式的干扰和影响,完全独立运行。从心理学上讲,双重人格是指一个人具有两个或两个以上的、相对独特的并且相互分开的亚人格。毫无疑问,在《雾都孤儿》这部小说中,南希的种种表现和行为表明,她便是这样拥有双重性格的人。在整部作品当中,南希没有一条非常清楚的界限, 善良与邪恶相溶交织,互作斗争。

一、南希的性格特点表现分析

(一)忠于爱情

爱情在南希生命中占有非常重要的地位,对待爱情她忠贞无悔,将爱情看得比自己的未来、名誉、甚至比生命都还要重要。然而痴情的南希爱上却是无情的赛克斯。当她对赛克斯说,倘若有一天他被判了绞刑,她要在那个地方附近一圈一圈的打转,哪怕地上都是雪,哪怕肩上没有披巾,她也要走到走不动倒下为止。然而赛克斯却是冷漠相对,毫不在意。他们的爱情注定是一场不公平的悲剧的爱情。可尽管赛克斯残暴无情,对南希毫无半分怜爱,甚至经常打骂她。南希却依然守候在赛克斯的身旁,忍受他无情的虐待与打骂,只为坚守她心中的那份爱情。后来,为了拯救奥利弗的生命,她选择背叛她的爱人,尽管她料想到了赛克斯会因此要了她的性命,她却依旧选择回到塞克斯的身边。也许她的内心还抱有一丝希望,希望赛克斯能够顾念往日的情分,不会忍心杀害自己。然而无情的赛克斯

不能忍受背叛。最终南希死在了她深爱多年的赛克斯手下。

南希的爱情太过卑微,也太过不幸。可这份悲凉的爱情却是南希在那个黑暗凄惨生活中的一丝残存的温暖情感与希望,是她精神生活的唯一养料。南希的一生经历了太多的不幸与悲哀,她渴望温暖,期盼幸福。可她生活在那个冷酷黑暗环境中,她的身边没有人能给她温暖与幸福。也许是她太需要一份能够点亮她生活的情感了,于是她为自己编织了一份爱情,即使这份爱情的另一个主人公是赛克斯,她也为之坚守。作为赛克斯的情人,南希与他生活了多年,她深知赛克斯的罪恶,清楚他干过多少伤天害理的事情,也明白赛克斯并不爱自己,只是把她当作赚钱和发泄情欲的工具而已。可她为了坚守心中的爱情,无法离开这个不爱他的男人,将自己的一片痴情都倾注在他的身上,甚至将生命都交付给他。尽管她有机会逃离赛克斯,远离肮脏悲惨的贼窝,去过另一种她渴望却从未有过的生活,但为了爱情,她固执的拒绝了露丝的帮助,毅然回到赛克斯的身旁。为了忠于爱情,她最终付出了生命的代价。南希的决定也许是糊涂的,但毫无疑问,她对爱情的忠贞是值得我们敬佩的。

(二) 行事罪恶

南希从小误入了贼窝,以偷盗和与匪徒们同流合污来谋生,在扒手团队中生活了十多年,做过的坏事不计其数。多年罪孽深重的扒窃生活,已经把她人性的许多磨灭殆尽,她的价值判断力也被扭曲模糊。即使她厌恶罪恶,明白偷窃的行为是罪恶的,但为了生存,迫于压力,她依然会去做。作为费金扒窃团伙中的一员,十几年来她都以偷窃为生,犯下了许多罪行。不仅如此,她还将奥利弗劫持回费金家。奥利弗因为偶然的一次机会离开了费金所在的扒窃团伙,并被好心的布朗劳先生收留。在布朗劳先生家中,奥利弗得到了管家贝德温的精心照顾和布朗劳先生的关爱。这是他出生以来第一次亲身切实感受到来自他人的温暖,如同梦境一般美好,奥利弗十分珍惜。然而此时,赛克斯和费金担心奥利弗会出卖他们,决定将奥利弗带回来。他们将这个任务交给了南希。尽管南希刚开始并不情愿,她也明白自己这样做就是把奥利弗重新带回那个如同地狱般的贼窝,但在赛克斯和费金的软硬兼施下,她还是将奥利弗带了回去。是她亲手打破了奥利弗在

布朗劳先生家的幸福生活,将他带回了费金家。虽然南希的内心同情奥利弗,也后悔自己将奥利弗带回来的行为。但这并不能弥补她所犯下的罪行,也表明了南希行事的罪恶性。

(三) 善对他人

当露丝要求南希做起诉费金的指证人时,她坚定地拒绝了。在她的头脑中,尽管费金残酷无情,尽管他们是一伙贼,但是他们信任她并把她当作他们自己信任的成员,她不忍心伤害他们。她担心他们的安全,不忍亲手将他们送入监狱,被执以绞刑。面对曾经带给她无数伤害的人,她都已仁慈和善良回报。对待奥利弗,南希更是善良。虽然南希在贼团中生活了十多年,但她并未泯灭人性。当奥利弗出现在她面前时,唤起了她内心深处的那份善良。看到奥利弗,南希如同看到了小时候的自己。而她的现在就是奥利弗的将来,她所经历的、承受的一切苦难都将在奥利弗的身上一一重现。回想自己的经历,她不忍奥利弗重蹈自己的覆辙。她同情奥利弗,如同对待亲弟弟一般对待他。当她看到扒手团伙百般折磨奥利弗的时候,她勇敢的冲上前去,把棍子从赛克斯手中夺下来,愤怒的将其扔入火中,使得火花飞溅,烧红的煤渣撒了一地。并大声扬言:这里的人谁再敢欺负折磨奥利弗,我就和谁拼命。南希此刻非常后悔将奥利弗带回贼窝中来。后来,当南希听说受伤后的奥利弗被塞克斯抛弃在漆黑的沟里时,她内心希望奥利弗死在那里。她并非残忍无情,只是不愿奥利弗继续承受自己经历过的苦难,宁可死也不要再受到扒手窝里的折磨。如果今后再也见不到奥利弗,她将非常高兴,因为奥利弗再也不用忍受痛苦与折磨。最后当奥利弗身处险境时,也是南希挺身而出,冒着生命危险帮助他离开扒窃团伙。也正是因为南希,奥利弗找到了自己的亲人,继承了属于自己的财产,他的命运才得以改变。

(四)处事机智

南希虽然年纪轻轻,但她是一个聪明女贼。由于她很小就被迫出去求生存,经历了太多的事情,她已然是一个老练、机灵和训练有素女贼。当她被派去寻找奥利弗的去向时,可谓不辱使命。没有借助金钱,只是乔装成一个失去弟弟的良家妇女,赶到教养院,轻而易举就从一位警察口中得知奥利弗的去向。当费金和赛

克斯得知这一消息,准备将奥利弗抓回来时,南希再次显露了她的机灵。在奥利弗前往书店帮布朗罗先生还书和欠款的途中,南希将他截住并一把抱住他,然后只用几句话就赢得了围观群众的同情,轻轻松松的在众目睽睽之下强行带走了奥利弗,没引起半分怀疑。后来当南希不忍看到奥利弗再受折磨,并决定将他从那个地狱般的地方拯救出来时,又充分展现了她的机智。面对老谋深算的费金和残暴无情的赛克斯,南希冷静应对,机智处理。当蒙克斯(奥利弗同父异母的兄长)与费金密谋怎样对付奥利弗时,南希假装喝醉了酒,偷听他们的秘密谈话。并寻找机会,悄悄从护壁板上过去,将秘密消息送出去。这样的胆识与智慧令人钦佩。在她巧妙地把赛克斯灌醉之后,她马上找到了露丝小姐,并将秘密告诉了她,希望借由她的力量去保护和解救身处困境的奥利弗。南希从小在黑暗的社会中挣扎求生,作为一名扒手,每天要接触各种各样的人,她只有学会如何应对身边各样的人和事,巧妙地与之周旋,才能求得生存。

二、南希的双重性格形成原因分析

(一)凄惨身世

相比奥利弗,南希的身世更为悲惨。在南希很小的时候,父母就离开了她的身边。失去父母的她,在饥寒交迫中痛苦挣扎,艰难求生。在南希4、5岁时候,她遇见了费金。然而费金是一个专门以训练儿童为小偷的贼首。迫于生存,在费金的训练下,小小年纪的她成为了一名扒手。没有选择自己命运的权力,每天她都被费金赶到街上去偷东西,敢有不从,就要受皮肉之苦。从此,她走上了犯罪的道路。长大后,她又被一个野蛮粗俗的强盗赛克斯买下,做他的情妇。赛克斯残暴无情,南希在他手里受尽屈辱与折磨。南希的一生中,从未得到关心与疼爱,她的命运也从未掌握在自己手里。这样的生活经历,让南希学会了屈从与逆来顺受。并且她忠诚于费金的犯罪团伙,也忠诚于她的情人赛克斯。她南希凄惨的身世确定了她性格的走向。

(二)生活环境

环境能够塑造人的性格,南希的性格特点与她生活的环境是息息相关的。南希走上犯罪的道路,不是她与生俱来的罪恶品性,而是她生活的环境影响的结果。南希生活在资本主义社会的最底层,终日与扒手盗贼为伍,以寒冷、潮湿、肮脏的街道为家。社会环境的无情、肮脏和黑暗让她忍受饥饿和寒冷。残酷的资本主义制度下,只有剥削与压榨,没有人关心弱者的生存。这样的社会环境让南希无从选择职业与生存方式,也形成了她性格的劣根性。而她的身边没有父母与亲人。在她最需要关爱与教育的时刻,没有人能给她正确的人生指导。费金可算是南希的“启蒙者”。作为一个贪婪、自私和邪恶的训练小孩做扒手的魔鬼,他教会了南希如何以一名扒手生存,如何抛弃良知,藐视法律。毫无疑问,他成功地将南希培养成了一名罪犯。在南希身边还有以扒窃为生存技能的扒手们和以偷盗为生的她的情人赛克斯。他们都是丑陋邪恶的人。扒手们不以偷扒窃为耻,反而视之为一种乐趣,一种正大光明的求生手段。甚至谁偷的东西越值钱,他就越值得尊敬。赛克斯更是一个穷凶极恶的盗贼。这样的一群人,他们的价值观念中没有道德,没有正义,更没有善良。有的只是如何非法的获取更多的财富。并且在他们眼中,这样的手段是正确的,甚至是很合理的。在这样一个充满邪恶与犯罪的环境中,尽管南希并没有完全泯灭自己的良知,但她的价值判断力已经被彻底模糊。这样环境形成了南希罪恶的性格。

(三)本质善良

人之初,性本善。南希性格中有罪恶的一面,但这不是她与生俱来的。我们相信人的本质是善良的,南希也是。只是长年生活在扒手团伙中,经历了悲惨黑暗的生活,让她善良的品质被一点点的被磨灭。尽管她的生活充满罪恶,她却从未抛弃心中的善良。当她看到纯真善良的奥利弗落入费金手里时,那似曾相识的场景彻底唤起了她内心尚未完全泯灭的良知。她十分清楚如果奥利弗留在贼窝,那他注定会和自己一样迫于生存沦为扒手,走上一条犯罪的不归路。她厌恶这一切,虽然不敢与扒手团伙作斗争,但她无法眼睁睁的看到自己的悲剧重新上演,她深知自己命运的悲苦,不愿有人和她遭受同样的痛苦。为了遵从自己内心的善良,她不顾一切,与扒手团伙斗智斗勇,最终将奥利弗成功解救。而她却为此献

出了自己宝贵的生命。

(四)矛盾心理

南希有着无比丰富且充满矛盾的内心世界。虽然从小生活在罪恶的扒手团伙中,但她知道是非善恶,明白扒窃行为是不正确的,她憎恨费金一伙人,也憎恨自己的扒手身份。可为了自己的生存,她依旧从事这份工作,做了很多罪恶的事。尽管她渴望一分光明的工作,过正常的生活,但当露丝给她机会时,她却拒绝了,甘愿回到扒手团伙中继续做一个扒手。她同情奥利弗的遭遇,内心很想帮助他。但也正是她去打听奥利弗的下落并将他带回费金身边。在南希的内心深处,她已经意识到了自己的行为是罪恶的,但她无法摆脱自己身处的环境,只能通过继续从事恶行来获得生存的条件。她知道自己只是费金的一个赚钱的工具,也憎恨费金的所作所为,但她却不愿指证费金。尽管她看透了扒手团伙中一切丑陋行径,也厌恶他们的残暴无情,灭绝人性,但她又舍不得离开扒手团伙。她的情人赛克斯为人凶狠残暴,冷酷无情,她也明白赛克斯心里并不在乎她,可她却离不开他。虽然南希心存善良,但她无法摆脱自己扒手的身份,无法远离罪恶。南希这种矛盾交织的心理形成了她的双重性格。

三、结语

通过研究南希的双重性格,可以看出,狄更斯在描写南希双重性格的同时,也表达了他对英国无情吃人的资本主义制度的强烈的批判和不满。同时,通过对南希双重性格的研究,有助于读者更好的理解小说刻画出来的人物特性,有助于读者更好的理解人物徘徊在善与恶之间矛盾的内心,并从而认识她所处的那个社会的真实面目。其实,南希的双重性格反映了现实生活中人性善与恶的碰撞。从古至今,人性都不是单一的,人们的内心或多或少总是矛盾交织的。而南希鲜明的双重性格,正是现实生活中人性的一个真实写照。

参考文献:

[1] [英]查尔斯·狄更斯.《雾都孤儿》[M].盛世教育西方名著翻译委员会译.上海:上海世界图书出版公司,2011.

[2] 刘精香.《雾都孤儿》中南希形象剖析[J].中南民族学院学报(哲学社会科学版),1999(03):104-106.

[3] 王晓燕.读《雾都孤儿》解析南希形象特征[J]. 语文建设,2013(23):40-41.

[4] 赵世芬.《雾都孤儿》中的南希形象剖析[J]. 天津职业院校联合学报,2011,13(6):106-108

[5] 顾元华.《雾都孤儿》南希的命运探析[J].南昌教育学院学报,2011,26(10):26-27

[6] 冯涛.《雾都孤儿》中南希形象解读[J].文学教育,2013(5):22

[7] 张蔚.《雾都孤儿》中南希的双重性格分析[J].文教资料,2010(32):10-11

[8] 游佳.《雾都孤儿》中南希形象解析[J].浙江旅游职业学院学报,2013,9(3):50-53

[9] 王赛梅.解读《雾都孤儿》中南希的形象与性格[J].作家杂志,2013(8):149-150

[10] 苗旸.《雾都孤儿》中的人物分析[J].考试周刊,2010(12):30-31

范文二:雾都孤儿作文

[雾都孤儿作文]

你们一定听说过《雾都孤儿》吧!

《雾都孤儿》讲述的是一个孤儿的曲折故事:奥立弗他刚出生,母亲就去世了,雾都孤儿作文。难以忍受的饥饿、贫困和侮辱,迫使奥立弗逃到伦敦,在盗贼的驱使下,小小的奥立弗就这样成为了一个扒手,善良的女扒手南茜在他天真纯洁的身上看到往日清白的自己,同情之心油然而生。于是她冒着生命的危险终于将奥立弗救了出来。后来南茜被贼窝头杀害了,警察随即围剿了贼窝。奥立弗被布莱罗先生收养,从此过上了幸福的生活&&在书中,我看到十九世纪英国儿童凄惨的生活;在书中,我感受到人们那种至善至美的天性;在书中,我更能感受到当时的社会是多么黑暗:许多孩子正承受巨大的痛苦,与饥饿、孤独、寒冷作斗争&&

比起奥立弗的童年,我们的童年那么的绚丽多彩,那么充满幸福。我们从小就在父爱、母爱的包围里成长,他们给予了我们无尽的爱与无尽的关怀,小学生作文《雾都孤儿作文》。人们都把我们儿童看作是祖国的未来,含苞欲放的花朵。我们今天坐在明亮的教室里,在这广阔的蓝天下,尽情发挥自己。我们的童年无比灿烂,而我们眼里的世界充满了美好,祖国的未来属于我们,那片蓝天将是我们未来展翅飞翔的地方!

像奥立弗这样的孩子不仅仅出现在书中,在我们的身边,还有许多这样的孩子:还记得这样一幅广告吗?一位来自山区的小姑娘,睁着一双明亮的大眼睛,喊着:我要读书!从她的眼神里,我们读到了她渴望学识的心情,看到了她渴望上学的情感&&

同学们,让我们一齐奋发图强,一齐记住莫等闲,白了少年头,空悲切!吧,只有好好学习,让自己成为一个对社会有用的人,这样我们才有能力去帮助这些孩子,让他们生活在一个阳光般的美好世界吧!

范文三:雾都孤儿小论文

雾都孤儿小论文

众所周知,狄更斯是十九世纪英国著名的小说家,他在英国文学史上享有非凡的胜誉。他是他所处的那个时代的犀利的社会批评家。«雾都孤儿»是他的代表作之一。

«雾都孤儿»中南希这个人物有无比丰富复杂的内心世界,又是一个矛盾的集合体,她兼有了善良与邪恶,美德与丑陋,正是这种矛盾的性格给她带来了不幸。在这部小说中,她是一位悲惨的可怜的人物,是伤感的典型代表。她是一个失去父母双亲的孩子,被费金收留后并从此迫使成为了小偷。后来,在她长大成人之后,她又被转手给了赛克斯这样一个野蛮粗俗的强盗做了情妇。她的整个一生,都被牢牢地攥在这些男人手中。

尽管在这部小说中南希不是主要人物,但是她却扮演了一个关键的角色。她和我们的英雄主人公—奥利佛的命运息息相关。奥利佛的最终获救都要归功于她的行动:送信给露丝并且与露丝和布朗罗会面。另一方面,她又是邪恶团伙当中的一员,并忠于她的组织。在贯穿整部小说的过程当中,她都没有一条清楚的界线。她那身份和性格的复杂性使得她形成了独一无二的个性特。

尽管南希下手参与了绑架奥利佛,但是她对奥利佛示以同情并尽其所能来保护他:

对于奥利佛,她是绑架奥利佛犯罪集团的主要同谋。在街上截获并劫持了奥利佛,然后把他带回到了洞穴里。从某种程度上来说,正是南希又把奥利佛送到了抢劫犯的手中。费金正是通过南希的帮助才重新得到了奥利佛,从此奥利佛的悲惨生活从新开始了。然而,在把奥利佛带回到费金的住处之后,她又竭尽所能地来保护他。因为奥利佛想逃跑,所以费金就用一根棍棒来鞭打他,这时南希就象一个姐姐那样,她毫不顾及她自己的安危来保护着奥利佛,因为看到他,她就仿佛看到了他那个年纪的自己。南希有一个营救奥利佛的好的愿望想法,但是她又始终报有对邪恶团伙的忠诚,她所做的一切都是为了保证奥利佛的安全——当他被坏蛋虐待的时候做他的保护神,窃听孟可司和费金之间的谈话,拜访露丝,与露丝和布朗罗会面。在她的头脑中,尽管他们是一伙贼,但是他们信任她并将她当作他们自己信任的成员。她不忍心看着他们被抓住。

对于赛克斯,尽管她知道赛克斯是一个冷血的坏脾气的恶棍,但是她仍然缺乏离开他的勇气,并自始至终地回到他的身边。赛克斯不止一次地虐待南希,把她看作是一个奴仆。只要他心情不好或者是对这个女孩子稍有不满的话,他就会随心所欲地辱骂和虐待她。甚至当他生病时南希在照顾他的时候,他仍然不忘诅咒这个女孩。尽管她从赛克斯那里得到的是不堪忍受的虐待,但是她仍然顽固地追随着他。为了这个暴徒,她拒绝了露丝指引给她走上

一个崭新生活的建议。她告诉露丝在那个时候她不能离开他,她顽固地坚守她对恶棍团伙的忠心,尤其是对那个虐待她的男人。在她的心目中,她把她所回去的地方当作“一个家”, 我们实在是怜其不幸而同时又为她的糊涂的头脑感到非常气愤。她对于自己的命运却是悲观失望和不自信的,她放弃了她自己。没有一滴对新生活的希望之火花能够点燃她那黑暗的心灵。面对露丝和布朗罗的几次的劝说,她一次又一次地选择了逃避。因为她总是认为她的改过自新已为时已晚。他们两人关系很微妙,南茜离不开赛克斯,宁愿被他杀害也不肯抛弃他;而赛克斯也离不开南茜,一旦失去她,他就丧魂失魄,终于在房顶跌落,脖子被自己的一条绳子的活扣套住而气绝身死。

对于造成南希悲惨的命运的原因有两个方面,外因和内因。

外因,南茜是一个无父无母的孤儿,那时她为了生活没有别的选择只有做贼。这就是许许多多像她一样无家可归的孩子不可避免的遭遇。这并不是他们的错,那是社会环境逼得他们成为了社会的糟粕,那是由于政府的腐败和作者想揭露批判的统治阶级的错误。

内因,她的劣等级的意识使得她缺乏离开那个坏蛋的勇气在南茜的眼里,露丝是一个纯洁的、优雅的女士。她有着高贵的出身和地位,从她的童年时代起就有那么多的亲人关心她,她无须担心她的生计,她从来都不会遭受饥饿和寒冷的侵袭。这尤其反映在当她和露丝.梅莱这个漂亮、苗条的年轻女孩在一齐的时候。在和她有着相仿年纪的如此一个可爱的女孩面前,她感到无比的卑贱。在这个女孩的头脑中,有一种根深蒂固的观念:毕竟,黑色就是黑色,邪恶就是邪恶,把黑色变成白色和把邪恶成为美德都是不可能的。她对她自己没有任何的自信心。如果说是社会的错使得她在年幼时为了活命而做贼的话;那么也可以说是她自己的错,因为当一个走上新生活的良机摆在她面前时,她却拒绝了。她们愿意继续和他们呆在一起,追随着他们,把自己的一生和他们系在一起,把自己的命运交到她们所爱的男人手中,对他们过度的依赖。

尽管是一个悲哀的结局,但是南茜在读者的眼中却是一个值得同情的可怜的形象,并且在他们的脑海中留下了深刻的印象。

范文四:[优秀作文]雾都孤儿

读《雾都孤儿》有感

《雾都孤儿》是由英国作家狄更斯

先生所写的,主人翁孤儿奥立伟是上流

社会一个有钱人的私生子,她年轻的母

亲因长期得不到关爱,只身一人饱经跋

涉,思虑之苦,在生下他后就辞世了。

他来到人世后,从未得到母亲和家庭的

温暖,在当时所谓的慈善机构济贫院里

过者地狱一般的生活,九岁就被送到一

家棺材店学徒。因不堪忍受非人的待遇,逃向伦敦,却不想被小偷所骗,跌进一个为了金钱而事先安排好的夫异母,哥哥的陷阱。由于遇到好心人,才转危为安,过上幸福的生活。

或许,你会说他很不幸,但是,我却觉得他很幸运,虽然在他出生时,母亲离他而去,可是,母亲生前很爱孩子,虽然经历了许多磨难,但最终不是也获得了幸福,在危险大时,不断有好心人的帮助,使他重获自己,但如果不是奥立伟自己的善良,坚持没有去偷东西。渴望光明,那么即便身边全是热心人也于事无补啊!

相比之下,我们是幸运还是不幸运呢?我们衣食无忧,甚至可以穿金带银,每天大鱼大肉,山珍海味,父母长辈把我们含在嘴里怕化了,放在手里怕吹了,视若珍宝,都说我们像小皇帝,小公主,我说“不”。因为,我们比小皇帝,小公主幸福多了,我们无须关心国家大事,也不要学太多礼节,只要学习就好,我们很“快乐”

,我们有

好玩的游戏机,有好看的娃娃,有好吃的美味,有好穿的衣服。。。。。。

我们真的快乐吗?

电视上的动画片不

断,电视剧更是一浓

有平,一起又波。于

是我们更沉浸于此,

殊不知,这一切看似

美好的东西,正在青

贮我们青少年的是

魂,就像那美丽的玫瑰,娇艳欲滴的花朵,总是埋伏着伤人的毒品后里,往往隐藏着死亡的鼓楼,奥立伟是无夫无母,饱经挫折,但是灵魂却圣洁纯美,而我们呢?现代社会的迅速发展,根本顾不上青少年的精神问题,越来越多的人们,为了利益,狠心向祖国的未来建设者进行猛攻,外国人不再大肆毒品,不再侵略我国,可是我们并不安全,他们把大量的无趣动画,连续剧搬上荧屏,从精神上打击中国的孩子们,好心人这个词,在我们当今社会上已出现不多,等到灾难真正降临的时候,我们能向奥立伟那样,由于好心人的帮助而转危为安吗? 少年兴则国兴,少年强则国强,鲁迅的那句:“救救还在们吧?”还要喊多久?

二年十三 王祎琳

范文五:作文:读《雾都孤儿》有感

这本书是我的朋友,希望将它推荐给你,你能有所收获。——题记  

  《雾都孤儿》是一本世界名著,讲述了一个发生在十九世纪的感人之事。  

故事的主人公奥立弗·推斯特,出生在一个济贫院,因出生后母亲的逝去而成了孤儿。十岁那年的他被苏尔伯雷给带到了一家棺材店当学徒,由于不堪忍受老板娘与师兄的欺压,独自来到了伦敦,却落入了贼帮手里,因为他的善良,得到人们的帮助,从而让这个孤儿从逆境中胜出,他神秘的身世也真相大白。  

这个故事里,有两个情节很让我感动:一是小奥立弗在棺铺学习时,因为对老板说请求加饭,而被给予了每天都被鞭子抽的“荣誉”。请求加一点饭都不能,那根本就是没人性的表现!二是小奥立弗走了七天七夜到达伦敦,在碰到小偷杰克后努力想办法逃出贼窝,因为他不想被训练成小偷,后来他在一次审判中被冤枉,但布朗罗先生解救了他,并让他好好生活。读到这,我的眼角湿了,奥立弗多么善良呀!他宁愿挨饿也不当小偷,精神真可贵!  

读完全书,我久久不能平静:弱小的奥立弗,在饥饿,悲伤,孤独等痛苦所压迫时,仍然保持着内心的坚强,维护自尊,他真的是拥有强大意志力的人啊!  

我们多数人从小就生活在蜜罐里,没体验过被人欺凌,失去自尊的感觉,凌驾于自己世界里的他人之上,衣来伸手,饭来张口,所有的事都安排好了。殊不知,这压迫了我们的自理能力,领导能力等。对于受难者,我们也应帮助,否则这个社会没了爱,就无法推动进步。  

在此,我要再次推荐这本书——《雾都孤儿》!

范文六:黄帅090205雾都孤儿论文

英美文学课程论文

论文题目:奥利弗的人物性格分析

学生姓名: 黄 帅

学 号: 0903090205

班 级: 英语0902班

完成日期:2010年11月23日

奥利弗·退斯特的人物性格分析

By

Huang Shuai

CLASS: 0902

Foreign Languages Department

Xi’an University of Finance & Economics

Nov. 2011

Characters analysis of Oliver Twist

Abstract

Charles Dickens (1812-1870) was a prominent novelist of 19th in British.Oliver Twist is one of his masterpieces.This book mainly describes the misery of little Oliver.He meet with various people,some of them are very good people,and always help him and treat him well,however some of them are bad people.They not only treat him bad but also involve him into crime.During that time,Oliver shows many different kinds of characters,such as kindness innocence bravery.This paper which is divided into some parts mainly introduces the characters of Oliver.In the first part, it mainly introduces the brief of this book and the author and also the relationship between the author and the book.Then lead to the theme-the characters of Oliver Twist.In the second part,it based on the biggest character of Oliver:kindness.In this part,Oliver shows his kindness to the people who either treat him good or bad,such as Fagin ,Many,Mr.Brownlow, the poor and so on. And it forms the bright contrast with that society.In the third part,it concentrates on the innocence of Oliver.Because of this character he can escape from the disaster many times, but it is the character that he easily gets into trouble.Anyhow,it is much valuable for him to possess this character especially under that circumstance.Oliver posses not only kindness and innocence but also bravery that as a man should have.So in the fourth part,it analyses the bravery which he has.It can show from some scenes .Finally, it is the conclusion of this paper, and reiterates the characters of Oliver,also makes it clearly that we should learn from him.

Key words: Oliver, kindness, innocence, bravery

奥利弗的人物性格分析

内 容 摘 要

查尔斯·狄更斯(1812-1870)是十九世纪英国一位杰出的小说作家.奥利弗退斯特是他的巨著之中的一部。这本书讲述了小主人公奥利弗的悲惨遭遇,他遇到了各种各样的人,他们当中有真心实意帮助奥利弗的好人,也有企图陷害奥利弗并想使他犯罪的坏人。在和这些人的交往中,奥利弗表现出来了不同的性格特点,有善良和天真,也有诚实和勇敢。这篇论文的主要目的就是介绍奥利弗的性格特点,主要从以下几个部分别来讲述。第一部分简单的介绍和概括这本书,并对查尔斯狄更斯本人以及他和真本书做出简介,并进一步的引出主题—奥利弗的性格特点。第二部分主要从奥利弗性格之中最大的特点善良为角度,分析奥利弗对费金,南希,比尔,布朗罗,露西还有穷人的态度,来充分表现出奥利弗的善良品质,并与当时的社会形成鲜明的对比。第三部分主要讲述了奥利弗的天真,这可以说是他的第二大性格特点。本章也是从奥利弗对待周围的人和事中总结分析出来的。这种天真的性格不仅让奥利弗逃过了劫难,但是也曾让他陷入困境。不管怎么说这种性格在当时的社会背景下是难能可贵的。奥利弗不仅善良,天真而且他还展现出来了作为一个男子汉应有的勇敢。第四部分就对他的勇敢做出了分析。当奥利弗敢于提出在要一份食物时,当奥利弗不惧艰难徒步去伦敦时,这些都鲜明的表现出了奥利弗的勇敢性格。最后一部分是对这篇论文的总结,重申了奥利弗的性格特点,并与当时的社会背景以及其他人做比较,突出了奥利弗值得我们学习的优秀品质。

关键词:奥利弗 善良 天真 勇敢

Contents

1. Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 1

1.1 Introduction of Charles Dickens .................................................................................. 1

1.2 Introduction of Oliver Twist ........................................................................................ 1

2. Oliver's kindness ................................................................................................................... 2

2.1 Oliver's kindness to the Poor ....................................................................................... 2

2.2 Oliver's kindness to the thieves ................................................................................... 3

2.3 Oliver's kindness to Nancy .......................................................................................... 4

2.4 Oliver's kindness to companion ................................................................................... 4

3. Oliver's innocence ................................................................................................................ 5

4. Oliver's honesty .................................................................................................................... 6

5. Oliver's bravery .................................................................................................................... 7

6. Conclusion ............................................................................................................................ 8

Reference .................................................................................................................................. 8

Characters of Oliver Twist

1. Introduction

1.1 Introduction of Charles Dickens

Charles Dickens was the prominent novelist of 19th in British.He was born on february7,1812, in portsea,England.His parents were middle-class,but they suffered financially as a result of living beyond their means.At 11 years old, as his father was in debt, the family was put in a debt prison. Forced by the plight, he had become a child labor in a boot and shoe cream workshop.The miserable experience in his young mind left psychic trauma,not only his deep concern and sympathy for the unfortunate children, and prompted him to struggle to escape poverty. As a young adult, he worked as a law clerk and later as a journalist. His experience as a journalist kept him in close contact with the darker social conditions of the Industrial Revolution, and he grew disillusioned with the attempts of lawmakers to alleviate those conditions.These painful experience is the book origin of the Oliver Twist.In Oliver Twist, Dickens presents the everyday existence of the lowest member of English society. He goes far beyond the experiences of poverty to London's squalid streets, dark alehouse, and thieves' dens. He gives voice to those who had no voice, establishing a link with his social commentary.

1.2 Introduction of Oliver Twist

Oliver Twist was Dickens' second novel, which marked the beginning of Dickens' literary life. It concentrates on the hard years of an orphan, Oliver Twist, who was against the criminal world of London. It is the first novel that readers are led to a very sad world. The hero of this novel was Oliver Twist, an orphan, while reading the tragic experiences of the little Oliver; he was thrown into a world full of poverty and crime. He suffered big pain, such as hunger, thirst,beating; I was shocked by his sufferings.I felt sorry for the poor boy, but at the same time I detested the evil Fagin and brutal Bill. To my relief, as was written in all the best stories, the goodness eventually conquered evil and Oliver lived a happy life at the end. One of the plots that attracted me most is that after the beery,little Oliver was allowed to recover in the kind care of Mrs.Maylie and Rose, and began a new life. He went for walks with them, or Rose read to him and he worked hard at his lessons. He felt as if he had left behind forever world of crime and hardship and poverty.

Dickens has made a child the center of his novel, and through what has happened to the boy, is trying to show the readers a true picture of the real life of the common people in the 19th England. About this book, he once said,

Born and brought up in the terrible workhouse, little Oliver was expelled for asking for more food. He then fell into the Fagin's gang and became part of the criminal underworld where he learned how to acquire the art of survival in a pitiless world. The story is a realistic picture, as well a bitter indictment, of a hypocritical society in which poverty reduces the human spirit.

2. Oliver's kindness

2.1 Oliver's kindness to the Poor

In the life of his working in the coffin shop, he expressed the sympathy to the poor who were more misfortune than him. For example,

was his job, it is his responsibility to the woman's bury that he even be late for and all people were awaiting for him. I think the reason that his late was the buried woman was poor very much. He could not get enough money from her family, so

2.2 Oliver's kindness to the thieves

After Oliver joined the Fagin's gang, Oliver's the first time to steal others was companied by Bet and Charly Beats. However Oliver did not to do that something.Unfortunately, Oliver was arrested by police and the other two people ran away. During the way back to the police,Oliver did not tell anybody that he was not the thief and where the real thief was now. Maybe someone will say that Oliver is a stupid,and why not to tell them who were the real thief. That is the strong reason that Oliver is very kind to the thieves.Remember this scene, when Oliver is awake to see Fagin's watches which he hid. Fagin said to him:

The next person Oliver was kind to him is Monks.As we all know, Monks was Oliver's half brother but Monks treats him bad. Monks wanted to hold all the inheritance ,so he tried to kill him. For once, after Monks listened to Fagin's plan for a while, angry very much, he said

word, all the money should have gone to Oliver alone, but as the kindness of Oliver, Oliver gave the other half money to Monks and what is more, Oliver was glad to accept it. How kind a boy. Living in the modern society, most of us have a kind heart since our kind environment. However, we can not meet with Oliver I think because our toleration is limited, if someone treats like that, we usually can not pardon Monks. The society which Oliver lives was dark, miserable, criminal, mostly of the people live in poor, many workhouses hypocritical and cruelty of parish, living in that atmosphere, Oliver also kept a heart which was more kind than our. His kindness to Monks showed his wide bosom, and the love to half brother. No matter how had those Monks to him.

2.3 Oliver's kindness to Nancy

Maybe many people will ask that Nancy is the benefactor of Oliver, I admit that if not Nancy , Oliver maybe chased by Fagin or Monks. But we should not forget that Nancy played an important role in Oliver's arrested.We know that at the first when Oliver was rescued from Fagin by Mr. Brownlow, Oliver lived a happy life under Mr. Brownow's care. But unfortunately, it because Nancy that changed Oliver's happy life. when Oliver sent the books to the shopkeeper, Nancy found him and arrested him ,then sent him to Fagin's place.

2.4 Oliver's kindness to companion

No matter how good or bad position Oliver was in, he never forget and was always thinking about his good friend --Dick. When he escaped from coffin shop, he went to see Dick.

he heard the death of Dick. As we know , Oliver was an orphan, he was so miserable, however, he always remembered his friend, that is so valuable. He wanted his friend live with him for a better live. That is Oliver, that is his kindness to his friend.

3. Oliver's innocence

Oliver was not only kind but also innocent. His innocence showed in many aspects at first. When Oliver was with the thief, he was more innocent than ever. For example, at first, he arrived in London with no money, and there was no one who he knew. Doger 'help' him and introduce Fagin to him

Could they let Oliver go? The answer of course are no. We could say that if in the last example innocence made him escape from being killing. It made him foolish in the example. So if he was not innocent, he would not say those sentences.

In all words, Oliver's innocence is big character, his innocence makes him involve in crime, but at the same time, it makes him safety. In general, whether the innocence is a good character of a man, it depends on how you use it and when it happens, just like Oliver, the innocence takes good lucky at some time, but it makes him in bad situation, too. This also can be used to the present society. As we know there are more and more crimes happen in our society, what is the reason for this? I think it mostly because of many people's innocence, because their innocence makes them foolish and have faith somebody easily who use some deceitful tricks which make many false appearances, in that time, the innocence is a bad thing. However, at some time, we need it, it can also make our relaxed, because the life in the society is so nervous and the rhyme of it is very fast. So, if we use it properly, the innocence will take an important correct role in our life.

4. Oliver's honesty

The honesty also play an important role in Oliver's life through the story. Oliver has so many good characters that can be studied by us. The honesty is one of them. As we know, in the story, Oliver's benefactor -Mr. Brownow , who gave many aids to him is one of important role. He helps Oliver lived a happy life finally. If without him, Oliver may have lost in Fagin. However, they are all wined by Oliver's kindness and honesty. Let us have a look at about it. Oliver had a dramatic meet with Mr. Brownlow, and Oliver was changed by Mr. Brownlow falsely, but this time it was not a bad thing, it made Oliver a shortly happily life with Mr. Brownlow, but this life was interrupted. At one day Mr. Brownlow wanted to return some books to the bookseller, and to send five pounds for buying new books which held by him for someday. He let Oliver to do it. And Oliver promised delighted that he could do the thing very well. As we know, Oliver was poor, he needed money, but he did not take the money because of his honesty and he said to Mr.Brownlow

remembered that he must send the books back to Brownlow, he just wanted to convince that he was not a deceiver, he was honest, although that things could not be sent back, it also could convince Oliver's honesty. Are there any people can do like that? Especially Oliver was a poor boy, he lived in that society which was full of criminals. But he also can keep an honest, that is so valuable. When Oliver lived a happy life with rose and Mr. Brownlow, not only because of Mr. Brownlow's benefit to him but those books and money, he did not want Mr. Brownlow to get a false understanding about him. So he always remembered that that thing, from this we can see Oliver was absolutely.

5. Oliver's bravery

When i finish the story, the detail make a deep impression on me, i was shocked by this little boy,he is so brave, and let us have a look at

Just remember another scene that Oliver escapes from that shop,

hard and long for Oliver.

Conclusion

Charles Dickens is one of the greatest critical realists in English literature history. Oliver Twist is his masterpiece. It is Dickens' favourite novel. Oliver Twist is a very moving story, and it is the first novel that readers are led to a very sad world, and Oliver is such a role who has so many characters bravery, kindness, innocence,and so on. They are all showed from his attitudes toward the peoples and things around him. No matter whom they are, Oliver always expresses his kindness to them, no matter what the things are, difficult or good, he also showed bravery. He love his mother very much, and be honest to Mr. Brownlow. So kind a boy. In that society which is dirty and criminal always happened, people at that time are almost selfish, bad and poor. I am so happy for little Oliver, he finally found his felicity. He is an optimistic, not scared of difficulties, polite and appreciative boy. He deserves what he gets in the end. The plot in intricate, and every character is masterly linked together. However , Oliver is born in the society, he doesn't influence by them. Constantly he keeps kindhearted to everybody. That is the reason that he gets a good and a happy life finally. When we think of the boy, his character will give a deep impression on us and he can be the positive spirit for us. It encourages the poor people who were eager to stand up, fight against with the authorities.

Reference

1 王佐良. 1996;《英国文学史》, 北京商务出版社

2 罗经国. 1989;《狄更斯评论集》, 上海译文出版社

3 狄更斯. 1992; 《雾都孤儿》, 牛津大学出版社,外语教学与研究出版社

4 吴伟仁. 1988; 《英国文学史选读》,外语教学与研究出版社

5 http://www.benkelunwen.cn/article/wenxue1/yingmeiwenxue/list_35_62.html

范文七:雾都孤儿论文开题

Discussion on Charles Dickens’ Humanity in Oliver Twist 从《雾都孤儿》看查尔斯狄更斯的仁慈 雾都孤儿》 摘要儿童是狄更斯小说中的一类主要人物形象,他们是维多利亚时期社会底层人 民生活的代表,本文从狄更斯的小说《雾都孤儿》中分析了他的仁慈思想,首先 文章介绍了选题研究的背景,接着分析了小说的内容梗概和《雾都孤儿》的主题 思想,在此基础上文章重点研究了狄更斯的仁爱思想在小说中的反应,最后笔者 剖析了狄更斯产生仁爱思想的原因。 希望通过本文的研究能够帮助读者更好的欣 赏这部小说。 关键词: 关键词:仁慈,原因,背景 Abstract Children were a kind of main characters appearing in Charles Dickens’ novels, and they were the representatives of people living in the bottom of society in the Victorian Period This paper analyzes Dickens’ humanity in his novel Oliver Twist It firstly introduces the research background, then analyzes the main content and the theme of Oliver Twist, and on this basis, it focuses on studying the reflection of Dickens’ humanity in the novel Finally, it analyzes the causes for Dickens’ humanity I hope the study in this paper can help readers better appreciate the novel Keywords: Humanity; Cause; Background Discussion on Charles Dickens’ Humanity in Oliver Twist 从《雾都孤儿》看查尔斯狄更斯的仁慈 雾都孤儿》 Contents I Introduction 1.1. Research Background 1.2. Writing motivation II Oliver Twist 2.1. Introduction of the Novel 211 Historical Background 212 The Main Content of the Novel 22 The Theme of the Novel III Charles Dickens’ Humanity 31 Reflection from Positive Characters 311 Oliver Twist 312 Brownlow 313 Nancy 32 Reflection from Counter-Examples 321 Fagin 322 Sikes IV. Causes of Dickens’ Humanity 41 The Backgrounds in Britain in Mid 19th Century 411 Social Background 412 English Critical Realism 42 Charles Dickens 421 Introduction 422 Family 423 Experiences in Childhood V Conclusion

范文八:再读_雾都孤儿_英文

语文学刊#外语教育教学 2009年第10期

ReviewofOliverTwist

o

GuanXulan

(InnerMongoliaUniversity,Huhhot,InnerMongolia010022)

'earlierworks,thistextwouldbeanalyzedhowDickensmakepublic [Abstract] OliverTwistisoneofDickenss

darksystemofcapitalismandantinomybetweencapitalistandlaborpeoplefromthreekindsofwritingmethodashumor,i2rony,symbo.l

[Keywords] OliverTwist;humor; irony; symbol

[中图分类号]I106.4 [文献标识码]A [文章编号]167228610(2009)1020089203

I.Introduction

DickensisoneofthegreatestEnglishrealisticwritersin

19thcentury.Hisworksarelovedandspreadwidely.

TheearlierworksofDickens,suchasOliverTwist,werecreatedwiththepublicationofTheNewPoorLawinparliamentin1843.thegreatestartistDickensdevelopedwiththemovementofEnglishliberation.Thecapitalistproductiverelationscouldnotadapttothedevelopmentofproductiveforces.Thepeoplesufferedfromthebitterness.Inthatcase,theworkingclassfoughtfortheirpoliticalright.SotheChartistMovementbegan.

TheChartistMovementdecidestheexposureofDickens.woksasitdecidestheappearanceofEnglishcriticalrealismin19thcentury.

ThepowerofDickenscomesfromhisrealismandunder2standingofthereality.Heexposesthebasicproblemsofthattime.TheresourceofhiscriticismdecidesthedevelopmentofEnglishrealismin19thcentury.

OliverTwistisoneifhisnovels,favoredbyhisreaders.ItisthefirstsocialnovelofDickens..Heexposestheunequalphenomenonandthebitternessofthepoorpeople.Healsoexpo2sestheselfishness,cold-heartednessinhumanityofthecapi2talistclass.Meanwhile,hedescribesthepeopleoppressedbythecapitalistandreflectsthemindsandwishesoftheworkingpeople.

OliverTwistisalsohisfirstnoveldescribingthecriminals,againsttheromanticcriminalnovels.Heexpressesresentmentatthepracticeinpopularliteratureofdepictingrogues,likeMa2cheathinTheBeggar.Opera,asdashingfiguresleadinggayandcolorfullives.Heconsiderssuchmisrepresentationsasapoten2tiallybanefulinfluenceonimpressionableminds.

ThemainthemeofOliverTwististoexposelawstatusofthepoorpeopleandtoreflectthedarknessofthatsociety.Hecritici2zesthecapitalists.Herepresentsthewidereality,thedegenera2tionandthecontradictionandthecapitalists.Themaincharac2

[作者简介]关续兰,女,内蒙古大学艺术学院教师。

teristicsofhisnovelisrealism.Thewriterreflectsthethemein

twoways,themainplotandwritingskillsincludinghumorousstyle,satireandsymbolism.ThisessayelaborateshowDickensrealizesthethemeandformstherealismindetails.Ò.TheMainPlot

TheexperienceofOliver

ThewriterdescribesthesufferingsofOliver,exposingthepovertyandbitternessofthecommonpeople.Hecriticizesthecapitalistclass.Oliverisanillegitimatechild.Itisdoomedthathelivesahardlife.Oliver.sexperienceconsistsofthreepartsmainly:thelifeintheworkhouse,thelifeincoffin-maker.andthelifewiththecriminals.1.1Inworkhouse

Oliverisborninaworkhouse.Hismasterdieswhenheisborn.Itmeansthatthepainfallsonthelittleboy.Helivesinworkhousefortenyears.Whatisthetenyearslike?Whatistheworkhouselike?

Theconditionispoorintheworkhouse.Thechildrencannotgetenoughfoodtoeatorgetwarmclothstowear.Becauseofhunger,theclothingiscutsmallagainandagain.Thepeopleintheworkhouseareexploitedbythecapitalistclassagain.Theirfoodisworsethanthepoorestworkers.Thelaborismorethanthecommonpeople.PleaseseehowDickensexposestheessenceoftheworkhouse.

/theyestablishedtherule,thatpoorpeopleshouldhavethealternative,ofbeingstarvedbyagradualprocessinthehouse,orbyaquickoneoutofit,theycontractedwiththewa2terworkstolayonanunlimitedsupplyofwater,andwithacorn-factortosupplyperiodicallysmallquantitiesofoatmea;landissuedthreemealsofthingrueladay,withanoniontwiceaweekandhalfarollonSundays,Thereliefwasinseparablefromtheworkhouseandthatfrightenedpeople.0

Thisistherealpictureoftheworkhouse.Itisatoolofthecapitalistclassexploitingthepoorpeople.Dickensexposesthe

)89)

LITERATURE GuanXulan/ReviewofOliverTwist

essenceoftheworkhouse.HegivesthesympathiestoOliverand

theworkhouse.Accordingtotheexperienceintheworkhouse,thepretenceandinhumationofthecapitalistclassisexposed.Actuallynobodycaresaboutthechildrenintheworkhouse.Theyliveswithfilthandcoldness,sufferingfromhunger.ThesubsidyforthechildrenisembezzledbythebeadlesoftheworkhouseandMrs.Mannwholooksafterthechildren.Thebeadles,theboardandMrs.Mannarehypocritica.lTheycareabouttheirownin2terest.Theworkhouseistherepresentationofthepovertyofthecommonpeople.Infact,thecapitalistsocietyisabigwork2house,accordingtoDickens.

OnedayOliverwantedmoregrue.lHiswordsshockedeve2Olivercannotbearthemaltreatment,sohegoestoLondon,whichhehadthoughtofasagoodplacetolivein.actually,Londonisnottheheavenbut/adirtierormorewretchedplaceheneverseen.Thestreetwasverynarrowandmuddy,andtheairwasimpregnatedwithfilthyodors,wheredrunkenmenandwomenwere.Positivelywallowinginfilth;andfromseveralofthedoor-ways,greatill-lookingfellowswerecautiousemer2ging,bound,toallappearance,onnoverywell-disposedorharmlesserrands.0Inthispicture,Dickensmentionsthecon2ceptofslum,whichrepresentstherealpictureofslumareainLondonatthattime.Thedescriptionisasiftobetouched.Itmeansalthoughitisthecentreofthecapitalistworld,thereisrybody./Thatbodywillbehungry,0saidthegentlemaninthewhitewaistcoat.Thispictureexposesthepoorconditionoftheworkhouse.Thelittleboy.sstomachisn.tful.lThereasonablerightisregardedasanoffence.Dickensreflectsthepopularo2pinionthatthepovertyisalwayswithcrime.Heexposestheine2qualityofthesociety.Thepoorpeoplealwayssufferfromthepoverty,andtheirmoralityissuspected.Itisadoublestriketothem.

1.2Inthecoffin-maker.s

Oliverwantsmoregrue,landheisregardedasarevoltingchild.Theboardsendshimtothecoffin-maker.sasanap2prentice.Thekeeperofcoffin-maker.sisMr.Sowerberry.HeasksOlivertotakepartinthecauseofafunera.lBecauseofhisattendance,andthepopulardisease,thebusinessisgood.Hedoesagoodjob.Heisenviedbyhisfellow,Noach,whoisacharitychildandoftenbulliesOliver.Atlast,hecursesOliver.smother.Oliverriseswithforceandspirit.HeispunishedbytheMr.Sowerry.Hegoesaway.

Mr.SowerberryemploysOlivertakingpartinafuneralpro2cession.Fromthispoint,wecanseethecapitalistclassexploitthechildlaborersDickensexposesthegreedynatureofthecapi2talistclass.Inaddition,whenOliverisinthecoffin-maker.s,Mr.Sowerberryearnsalotofmoney.Thereasonsaretheattend2anceofOliverandepidemicdisease.Sowecanseethehygieneconditionisverypoor.Theepidemicdiseaseiswidelyspread./incommercialphrase,coffinswerelookingup,andOliverac2quiredagreatofexperience.0Wecanseethatsocietylackssan2itation.Thewateriscontaminated.Alotofpoorpeopledieofthedisease.Thepictureisnottheromanticexaggeration,bittranscriptsfromactualitythatcanbeverified.Thevisitationsofcholeraandpestilencecloselyassociatedwithfilth,in1831,atlasttaughttheabundantwater,properdrainage,andtheclosingoftheoldgraveyards.Allthedescriptionsfromthatsocietyshowthelivinglevelofthepoorpeople,tobelower.

BecauseOliver.smothercursed,herisesuptobeatNoah.EventhoughOliversufferssomuchpain,hecannotprotecthisdignity.Thepoorpeople.sdignityistrodonbythecapitalistclass.Theyhavenotanyhumanright.Thecapitalistsocietyisforthecapitalistclass.Theyshareal,lincludingmoney,politi2calrights,status,etc.Thepoorpeoplehavepovertyandmortifi2cation.Dickensaccusestheinequalsocialphenomenon.Hisrealdescriptionsmakereaders,atthattimeortoday,feelthegapandcontradictionbetweenthecapitalistclassandthelaboringpeoplevigorously.

1.3Inthethieves.den

)90)

filth,povertyandcrime.Wecanseethegapbetweenthepoorandtherich.WecanalsofeelthepovertyandbitternessofthepoorinLondon.Theyliveaveryhardlife.

Oliverisveryunluckytobecontrolledbythethieves.TheyaskedOlivertostealhandkerchiefs.Oncehewascaughtbyanoldgentleman.,Mr.Brownlow.HesavedOliverandtookhimhome.TheMr.BrownlowstreatedOliververywel.lMr.Brown2lowwantedtotesttheboy,andsenthimtopaymoneytoothers.Unfortunatelyhewasmetbythethieveswastakentobreakintoahouse.Oliverwashurt.SikeandTobyescaped.OliverwassavedbyMr.Maylie,themasterofthehouse.ItwascoincidedthatMissRosewasOliver.saunt.Mr.MayliefoundthatOli2ver.spropertywasswallowedupbyhisbrother,Monks.Atlast,withthehelpofMr.Brownlow,Monksadmittedhisguilty.Hegaveuptheproperty.Oliversharedtherightoftheproperty,andMr.Brownlowregardedhimashisson.Thethieveswerepun2ishedseriously.

Inthispart,Dickensdescribesthelifeifthethieves./Thewallsandceilingofthethieveswasdressedingreasyflannelgown,,severalroughbedsmadeofoldsackswerehuddledsidebysideonthefloor.0Wecanseethethieves.conditionisverypoor.Theyliveinanarrowanddirtyroom.Theyaredressedinrags.Theyliveahardlife.Dickensdepictsthereallifeofthecriminals.

In1930.s,thereisabranchofromanticcriminalnovels.TherepresentativewriterisBuwer.Dickensisoppositetothero2manticimitator.sopinion.IntheprefaceofOliverTwist,hede2bateswithBuwerandcondemnsthefalseromanticism.Heinsistthatthedescriptionshouldconformwiththereallifeandhedisa2greestheidealismofthecrimeandthecriminals.Hethinksthewritesshouldnotdescribethecriminalsasherosoflivinginfree2domandindependencewithoutrestrict.Itwillmisleadtheread2ers.InOliverTwist,Dickensdepictsthereallifeofthethieves,suchaspoverty,starvationandcontradiction.

Thereareseveralthieveswhohavetostealforliving,suchasnacyandBates.Theyarepoorpeopleandtheirnatureisgood.Dickenscreatestheseimagestoexposetheterriblesocialsystem,andthebackwardeducation.Iftheycanreceivethenor2maleducation,theywon.tbethieves.Dickenschargesthedark2nessofthatsociety.Inthatsociety,peopleareveryeasytode2generate.Theseimagesgivereaderspacetothinkovertheprob2lemofthatsociety.Dickensenlightensreaderstoprotestagainstdarksociety.

Fromthelifeintheworkhouse,wecanseethepoorcondi2tionofthecommonpeople,andtheprejudiceagainstthem.

语文学刊#外语教育教学 2009年第10期

Fromthelifeinthecoffin-maker.s,wecanseethecapitalistclassexploitthechildlaborandtrodontheirdignity.SowecanmakeaconcisionbyanalyzingthethreeperiodlifeofOliver.Thepoorpeople.sstatusisverylow.Itrepresentsinthreeaspects.Theireconomicconditionisverypoor.Theirphysicallaborisex2ploitedbythecapitalistclass.Theirdignityistrodon.Sowecansaythecontradictionbetweenthecapitalistclassandthela2boringpeopleisn.tinharmoniousproportion.Dickensrealizesthethemeofexposingthecontradictory.Ó.Humorousstyle

3.1Humorousstyle

1.Dickensoftenuseshumortoexposethegreedanddegen2erationofthecapitalistclass,soastomakeastrongimpressiononthereaders.Forinstance,onceawomanwasseriouslyil,lhowdidthebeadletreather?

/Weshouldn.thaveknownanythingaboutthemthen,on2lyawomanwholodgesinthesamehousemadeonapplicationtotheparochialcommitteeforthemtosendtheparochialsurgeontoseeawoman,aswasverybad.Hehadgoneouttodinner,buthisprenticesentthemsomemedicineinablacking-bottle,off-hand,Sir,God,wholesomemedicine,aswasgivenwithgreatsuccesstotwoIrishlaborers,onlyaweekbeforesentthemfornothing,withablacking–bottlein,andhesendsbackwordthatsheshallnottakeitsir!0

Thebeadleregardsthepoorpeopleasrubbish,worthyofnothing.Inthispicture,Dickensuseshumortoshowtheinhu2manity.Themedicineinablacking-bottleissenttothewoman,becauseitcurestwoIrishlaborers,buthedoesn.tknowwhethertheywilldothesametoher.Thehumorshowsthecold2nessandindifferenceofthebeadle.

2.Thehumorcanalsoexposethelawstatusofthepoorpeople.WhenOliverisborn,healmostdies.WeseehowDick2ensdescribesit./andforsometimehrlaygaspingonalittleflackmattress,ratherunequallypoisedbetweenthisworldandthenext,Therebeingnobody,however,butapauperoldwoman,whowasrenderedrathermistybyanunwontedallowanceofbeer;andaparishsurgeonwhodidsuchmattersbycon2tract;0

ThehumoroustoneshowsthebitternessofOliver.ReadersmayfeelverysadandgivesympathiestoOliveraftertheysmile.Itissocalledlaughterwithtears.Itisn.treallaughter.Itislaughterwithsadnessbecausethepoorpeoplehavenoalterna2tive.

HumorousskillisoftenusedbyDickensinthisnove.lIt

leavesastrongimpressiononreaders.Itmakesreadersfeelthesufferingofthepoorpeopleanduglyacesofthecapitalistclass.

3.2Satire

SatireisanotherwritingskillofDickensinthisnove,lwhichisastrongattackonthatsociety.Hesatirizesthecorrup2tionandgreedofthecapitalistclass.Bythesatire,hepointscutthevitalpartdistinctlyandexposesthenaturemercilessly.

Whenhetalksabouttheboard,hedescribesinthisway./Thememberofthisboardwereverysage,deep,philosophical,Itwasatavernwheretherewasnothingtopay;apublicbreak2fast,dinner,teaandsupperalltheyear,0

Dickenssatirestheboardphilosophicalmen.Heexposesthattheboardtriestheirbesttoexploitthepoorpeople.Theyareso-calledphilosophicalmen.Hereflectsthegreedofthecapi2talistclass.Theywanttodeepentheexploitationofthepoorpeo2ple.Bythesatire,readerscanfeeltheunlimitedwildambition,andtheirdissatisfaction.Itcancausereaderssympatheticre2sponse.Thesatirestressesthetheme.

3.3Symbolism

Anovelmayhavemanylevelsofsymbolism.Thesettingandthecharactersmayconveysymbolicmeaningasidefromtheirplotfunction.Sometraitsorgesturesofapersonmaysymbolizeanaspectofhischaracter,asBumble.sfondnessofhisthree-corneredhatexpresseshisdesiretoanemptyauthoritarianism.

Apurelysymboliccharacterisonewhohasnoplotfunctionatal.lThechimneysweeper,Gamfieldisso.Hecontributesnothingtodeveloptheplot,buthesymbolizestheconsummaterepresentativeofthecruelty.Ordinarily,symbolicstatementgivesexpressiontoanabstraction.Inspiteofhisconspicuousroleintheplot,Brownlowsymbolizesthevirtue,benevolence.

Thereisanothersymbolinthisnove.lDickensusestheset2tingtosymbolizethedarknessofthatsociety.Thedarkdeedsanddarkpassionsaresymbolizedbydimrooms,smoke,fog,andpitch-blacknights.Thegoverningmoodofterrorandmer2cilessbrutalitymaybeidentifiedwiththefrequentrainandun2commonlycoldweather.

Dickensdeepenstheimpressionofthedarknessofthatsoci2etyandthesufferingofthepoorpeopleonthereadersbythethreewritingskills.ThewritingskillshelpDickenstoachievethetheme.

OliverTwistisasuccessfulrealisticnove.lThenovelrepre2sentsthattimeswidelyandexposesthatsocietydeeply.Itre2flectstherealityandcontradictionbetweenthelaboringpeopleandthecapitalistclass.

再读5雾都孤儿6

关续兰

(内蒙古大学艺术学院,内蒙古 呼和浩特 010010)

[摘 要] 5雾都孤儿6是狄更斯的早期作品之一,本文从三种写作方法幽默,讽刺,象征来分析狄更斯是

怎样来揭露资本主义的黑暗制度,资本家和劳动人民的矛盾。

[关键词] 雾都孤儿; 幽默; 讽刺; 象征

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范文九:雾都孤儿英文书评

第一篇

To Regain the Nature of Goodness

—— Review of „Oliver Twist'

Oliver Twist, one of the most famous works of Charles Dickens', is a novel reflecting the tragic fact of the life in Britain in 18th century.

The author who himself was born in a poor family wrote this novel in his twenties with a view to reveal the ugly masks of those cruel criminals and to expose the horror and violence hidden underneath the narrow and dirty streets in London.

The hero of this novel was Oliver Twist, an orphan, who was thrown into a world full of poverty and crime. He suffered enormous pain, such as hunger, thirst, beating and abuse. While reading the tragic experiences of the little Oliver, I was shocked by his sufferings. I felt for the poor boy, but at the same time I detested the evil Fagin and the brutal Bill. To my relief, as was written in all the best stories, the goodness eventually conquered devil and Oliver lived a happy life in the end. One of the plots that attracted me most is that after the theft, little Oliver was allowed to recover in the kind care of Mrs. Maylie and Rose and began a new life. He went for walks with them, or Rose read to him, and he worked hard at his lessons. He felt as if he had left behind forever the world of crime and hardship and poverty.

How can such a little boy who had already suffered oppressive affliction remain pure in body and mind? The reason is the nature of goodness. I think it is the most important information implied in the novel by Dickens-he believed that goodness could conquer every difficulty. Although I don't think goodness is omnipotent, yet I do believe that those who are kind-hearted live more happily than those who are evil-minded.

For me, the nature of goodness is one of the most necessary character for a person. Goodness is to humans what water is to fish. He who is without goodness is an utterly worthless person. On the contrary, as the famous saying goes, „The fragrance always stays in the hand that gives the rose', he who is with goodness undoubtedly is a happy and useful person. People receiving his help are grateful to him and he also gets gratified from what he has done, and thus he can do good to both the people he has helped and himself.

To my disappointment, nowadays some people seem to doubt the existence of the goodness in humanity. They look down on people's honesty and kindness, thinking it foolish of people to be warm-hearted. As a result, they show no sympathy to those who are in trouble and seldom offer to help others. On the other hand, they attach importance to money and benefit. In their opinion, money is the only real object while emotions and morality are nihility. If they cannot get profit from showing their „kindness', they draw back when others are faced with trouble and even hit a man when he is down. They are one of the sorts that I really detest.

Francis Bacon said in his essay, „Goodness, of all virtues and dignities of the mind, is the greatest, being the character of the Deity, and without it, man is a busy, mischievous, wretched thing, no better than a kind of vermin.'

That is to say a person without goodness is destined to lose everything. Therefore, I, a kind person, want to tell those 'vermin-to-be' to learn from the kind Oliver and regain the nature of goodness.

第二篇

Learn to love and care

Here I am sitting on a couch alone, thinking about what I have just finished reading with tears of sadness filling my eyes and fire of indignation filling my heart, which revived my exhausted soul that has already been covered by the cruelty and the selfishness of the secular world for a long time. It is truly what I felt after reading Oliver Twist, written by the prominent British author Charles Dickens.

the resonance between me and the book makes me feel not only the kindness and the wickedness of all the characters in the novel, but what this aloof society lacks, and what I lack deep inside. These supreme resources I‟m talking about right now are somewhat different from minerals, oil that we usually mention. They‟re abstract like feelings, and some kinds of spiritual stimulation that all of us desire anxiously from one another —— love and care.

Those charitable figures whom Dickens created in the novel are really what we need in life. They showed love and care to others, just as the gentle rain from the sky fell upon the earth, which was carved into my heart deeply.

Mr. Brownlow is one such person.

the other day he had one of his elaborate watches stolen by two skilled teenage thieves, Artful Dodger and Charley Bates, and thought naturally it was Oliver, who was an orphan and forced to live with a gang of thieves, that had done it because he was the only one near by after the theft had taken place. Being wrathful, he caught Oliver, and sent him to the police station where the ill-tempered, unfair magistrates worked. Fortunately for him, Oliver was proved innocent by one onlooker afterwards. With sympathy, Mr. Brownlow took the injured, poor Oliver to his own home. There Oliver lived freely and gleefully for some months as if he were Mr. Brownlow‟s own son. One day, however, Mr. Brownlow asked Oliver to return some books to the bookseller and to send some money for the new books that he had already collected. The thief Oliver once stayed with kidnapped him. After that he disappeared in Mr. Brownlow‟s life. Searching for a while, Mr. Brownlow had to believe the fact that he had run away with his money. But dramatically, they came across each other again a few years later. Without hesitation, Mr. Brownlow took Oliver home for the second time not caring if he had done something evil.

Perhaps most of us would feel confused about Mr. Brownlow‟s reaction. But as a matter of fact, this is just the lesson we should learn from him. Jesus said in the Bible. “Forgive not seven times, but seventy-times seven.” Why is that? Because forgiveness is our ability to remove negative thoughts and neutralize them so our energy may be spent on doing what we came here for. We cannot move forward in our future if past issues cloud our thinking. Stop put Mr. Brownlow into the list of your models. Always give people a second chance no matter what they might have done. That‟s also a substantial part of loving and caring others.

then there are Mrs. Maylie and Rose, Oliver‟s other benefactors. Maybe the reason they loved and cared Oliver was not because of forgiveness. In my point of view, it was trust. They had faith in Oliver when he was considered to be a filthy burglar who tried to break the front door of Maylie‟s at midnight. But this wasn‟t how these two ladies saw the whole thing. They denied Oliver‟s crime immediately and listened attentively to Oliver‟s own description of his miserable life. They were deeply touched by Oliver‟s strong perseverance and astonishing vitality.

Accordingly, they remedied Oliver‟s body and heart and turned him into a different boy. He began to wear appropriate and clean suits which were tailor-made for him and receive education.

As far as we can see, it is trust that helps us all live together without precaution. Sometimes trust can even lead us to miracles, which we often expect to come about, so why not trust? Trust yourself, trust others, and you‟ll salute miracles every single day.

In the novel, though the young Oliver again and again fell for conspiracies of those hideous thieves, who tried to torture Oliver‟s body and poisoned Oliver‟s heart intensely, he always lived on and tried hard to seek for his own life. Then I realized what supported him all through were actually beliefs. In most cases, what you believe is what you‟ll become. Believe that you are unlimited, that you can do anything you commit to doing, and when you do, your accomplishments will know no bounds. You control your beliefs and that is how you ultimately control your life. It‟s all dictated by your attitude.

In the final analysis, love and care contain numerous forms, there are love of forgiveness, love of trust, etc. but they all come from your beliefs in life. When someone tells you he‟s deceived you, forgive him anyway, when someone tells you what he‟s done, trust him anyway, and when you face adversities while chasing your dreams, think about your beliefs, then what hinders you will become a piece of cake in no time.

So find out “Olivers” in your life and do as Mr. Brownlow and Mrs. Maylie do: love them and care them, which cost nothing but save much. They enrich those who receive, without impoverishing those who give. They can be certain smallest words or actions, but the memory of them sometimes last forever.

Charles Dickens said:“Love makes the world go around.” These immortal words have inspired and will keep on inspiring us to chant the melody of love and to say the prayer of care forevermore. Let us, therefore, enjoy life and treat other people lovingly. These principles are the roots and foundations of beliefs supporting this article and our mission together.

第三篇

Oliver Twist, a poor, innocent orphan boy, stands out in this story as the main character but it is the supporting characters that allow this novel of much content to develop a much more satisfying and believable theme. With

As most of the author's characters, Mr. Brownlow too, is brought out with an indirect presentation but it is not long after introducing him that his wholesome goodness is revealed to us. Though at first he accuses Oliver of thieving, his concern over Oliver's welfare on the street is a direct hint of his innocence which successfully helps him convince Oliver to board at his house. A generous and trusting man he was, perhaps too good a man to be true; but with all the malicious characters in the story, a heroic and pure

persona was needed to ensure a happy ending. With honesty and great wealth as his prime qualities, he assists Oliver in his times of need and demonstrates to society with an exemplary touch, the attributes of a perfect citizen. As the positive extreme in both social status and benevolence, Mr. Brownlow is a definite aid in the development of the theme throughout the novel. Nancy, for us, must be the weakest character. Trapped between wanting to help Oliver evade Fagin's exploitation and her dedicated love for Sikes; she fails to survive to the end as she is convicted and ironically murdered by her own husband : Sikes, a brutal and abusive man. But there is a great need for this secondary character in the story, she serves not only as a tie between the scenes at the different house holds but as well she is the only hope of salvation for Oliver. Without her, Oliver may have never had the chance to grow up in a loving home and learn to be proper in his actions and pure in the soul. Even though her ununderstandable love for Sikes is honest most of the time, her own soul held an even greater devotion to Oliver, for she gets her own husband drunk and comes to Oliver's rescue. Nancy sees in Oliver the innocence of her own childhood being robbed by Fagin's deceiving malpractice. Nancy provides the story with a second chance for Oliver into a proper, honest world. It costs her, her life, but she prospers in helping Oliver as well as doing a lot of justice for society. Able to save Oliver from evil and putting evil itself in prison, Nancy triumphs above all her devilish acquaintances and is the pivoting point of Oliver's return to safety. Not only as a way to introduce new plots in the tale, but as well as the theme's greatest support, she is a genial character that could have only been created after much planning and thought.

Fagin was a jew described by the author in such a manner that one may think Dickens were racist to some extent. His beliefs of Jew's were that a Jew seldom thieves, but is worse than a thief when he encourages others to thieve. In his opinion,

consequences of their decisions. In Oliver's case, even just as a very young boy, he too was able to judge right from wrong and ends up chosing not to steal. As a result of his decision, young Oliver is given a happy home and a promising future. On the other hand, Fagin's judgement is not so proficient, and concluding, he remains with nothing but insanity and a solemn life in jail 'till his last day comes about.

范文十:雾都孤儿英语论文

HUBEI NORMAL UNIVERSITY

毕业论文(设计)

论文题目

作者姓名

所在院系

专业名称

完成时间 Oliver Twist‟s Struggle for Freedom 康苏 外国语学院 英语教育 13年6月17日

Contents

1. Introduction to the Author and the Novel. …………………………........4

1.1 The High Prestige Charles Dickens and Oliver Twist. ……………….4

1.2 The Personality of Charles Dickens…………………………………...4

1.3 The Greatness of Oliver Twist…………………………………………4

2. Oliver‟s Decision to Leave for London. ………………………………...5

2.1 Oliver‟s Suffering in the Workhouse…………………………………..5

2.2 Oliver‟s Learning a Trade……………………………………………...5

2.3 Oliver‟s Decision to Head to London……………………………........5

3. Oliver‟s Miserable Experience in London. ………………………..........6

3.1 Fagin‟s and His Boy‟s Trap………………………………………...…..6

3.2 Oliver‟s Temporary Rescue by Mr. Brownlow………………...….........6

3.3 Oliver‟s Helpless of the Housebreaking………………………….……6

4. Oliver‟s Turn in His Life…………………………………………….….....7

4.1 The Secret of the Identity of Oliver………………………….………..7

4.2 The Plot between Fagin and Monks……………………….…….........7

4.3 The Punishment on the Murder………………………….…………....7

5. Conclusion:The Purpose of Writing This Story……………………………..8

Oliver Twist’s Struggle for Freedom

(康苏, Class1106 ,College of Foreign Language students,

Hubei Normal University, Huangshi,435000 )

Abstract:

Under the influence of industrial revolution, England made great progress in his economy. At the same time, some social problems became worse and more obvious. The gap between the rich and the poor was growing. People in the poor working conditions or at the bottom of society suffered a lot. Charles Dickens showed his love and sympathy for the poor, the weak and the innocent person. Dickens focused compassions and narrative interest upon a child, Oliver Twist. In this novel, the author criticized the violence of some capitalists and the poor law by describing the miserable experience of Oliver in a ironic and romantic way. Oliver‟s escaping and fighting ran through the novel. No matter what he had suffered, he invariably believed that something would be better and there would be freedom.

Key words: Freedom Capitalist Kindness

Oliver Twist’s Struggle for Freedom

1. Introduction to the Author and the Novel.

1.1 The High Prestige Charles Dickens and Oliver Twist.

Charles Dickens was an English writer and social critic. There is no need to argue about the greatness of Charles Dickens who was generally regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian period. By the twentieth century, his literary genius was broadly acknowledged by critics and scholars. Oliver Twist was the first social novel of Dickens‟ work. It occupies an important position in the history of world literature.

1.2 The Personality of Charles Dickens.

Born in Portsmouth, England, Dickens left school to work in a factory after his father was thrown into the prison. Although he had little formal education, his early improverishment drove him to succeed. Over his career he edited a weekly journal for 20 years, wrote 15 novels, 5 novellas and hundreds of short stories and non-fiction articles. Actually he campaigned vigorously for children‟s rights, education and other social reforms. With a few years, he had become an international literary celebrity, famous for his humor, satire and keen observation of character and society. His creative genius has been praised by other writers for its realism, comedy, prose style, unique characterizations and social criticism.

1.3 The Greatness of Oliver Twist.

Dickens has made a child the center of this novel, and through what has happened to a boy, trying to show the readers a true picture of the real life of the common people in the nineteenth century England. Oliver was born and brought up in the terrible workhouse. He was expelled for asking for more food. Then fell into the Fagin‟s gang and became part of the criminal underworld where he learned how to acquire the art of survival in a pitiless world. He was trapped by his brother because of the heritage. At last, Oliver was rescued by Mr. Brownlow who was a kind old gentleman and searched for his identity. In the progress of escaping from he undertaker‟s house and the gang of thieves, Oliver struggled for his freedom and rights. In other words, he escaped from oppression to strive for happiness.

2. Oliver’s Decision to Leave for London.

2.1 Oliver’s Suffering in the Workhouse.

Oliver cried lustily when he was born into this miserable world. „If he could have known that he was an orphan, left to the mercies of church-wardens and overseers, perhaps he could cried the louder.‟(Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist,4). In the beginning of the story, the author used a hint to attracted readers‟ interest. Then we can find what the Oliver suffered in the workhouse. Not only did the food taste terrible, but it never filled the children‟s stomachs. They had nothing but thin soup three times a day, with an onion twice a week and a roll on Sunday. After three months of near-starvation, Oliver had no choice but to ask more to eat. His action contributed to Mr. Bumble‟s decision to send him away. Because there is no one can challenge rules made by the capitalists.

2.2 Oliver’s Learning a Trade.

After hearing the news that Mr. Bumble would send him to learn a trade, Oliver sobbed bitterly with tears rolling down his face. Mr. Bumble thought that was a foolish action to cry into his gruel. „It certainly was foolish, for there was quite enough water in it already.‟(Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist,8 ). This humorous sarcasm aimed at the cruel and the greed of the capitalists. When Oliver was sent to the coffin shop, he was given some cold meat that was put out for the dog. And his bed was under the counter among the coffins. Oliver was looked down upon there. When he asked Noah whether he wanted the coffin or not, the charity-boy looked monstrous fierce and said that Oliver would want one before long, if he cut jokes with his superiors in that way. Oliver was the weak at the bottom of the society, so even a servant could bully him. The undertaker squeezed everything from Oliver. Moreover, he took advantage of Oliver‟s expression of melancholy in his face to made Oliver to be a mourner, a „delightful mute‟(Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist,18).

2.3 Oliver’s Decision to Head to London.

When Noah called his mother‟s bad names, Oliver burst out fighting with Noah. There is a bottom in everyone‟s life. Dickens wisely gave Oliver certain „heroic‟ action which also propelled the narrative. The fight with Noah in defence of his mother‟s name resulted in his decision to head to London. Because of his resistance, Oliver was spanked and was shut in the room with nothing but a stale piece of bread. Later, in the middle of night, he decided to slip softly out of the house forever. Oliver walked more than 70 miles for seven days to reach his next destination, London which is the capital of England. He did not know what he would encounter, but he had faith in something better in a new place. The only thing that he wanted to get is freedom. However, is was more difficult for him to get that right in the world.

3. Oliver’s Miserable Experience in London.

3.1 Fagin’s and His Boy’s Trap.

On the seventh day of his journey, Oliver met one of thieves in Fagin‟s gang. He offered to provide Oliver with free room and board. Oliver was so pure and honest that he didn‟t realize that there was no such thing as a free lunch. Later he was introduced to an old gentleman, Fagin who taught him some special skills to survive in this miserable world. Oliver didn‟t understand why a man with so many riches lived in such a run-down house, but he decided that Fagin must spend all his money taking care of the boys. Although he was puzzled by their actions, Oliver thought they were good men. „Dickens show thieves “as they are” in their violence of action and mood, their squalor, callousness and mutual distrust.‟ (Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist,7). The thieves were not „downright scoundrels‟ but „dandy‟ and „poetical‟. They stolen not only at night, but also in the day. Then we can easily realize another social problem, the poor law, in this part.

3.2 Oliver’s Temporary Rescue by Mr. Brownlow.

After Oliver had practiced that trick for several days, he was allowed to go out with the Dodger and Bates. They led Oliver to a bookstall on a busy street. They sneaked up behind a gentleman and stolen his handkerchief from his pocket. Oliver watched in horror and he finally understood what kind of „business‟ Fagin and his boys engaged in. He was so upset that run as fast as he could. Unfortunately, the Dodger and Bates were already out of sight and he was caught by the people on the street. Oliver was sick and fainted on the courtroom‟s floor. Just then, the owner of the bookstall swore that Oliver was not the thief. He was freed and took home by Mr. Brownlow. Oliver looks like the person in the picture in the house. This remarkable likeness left a hint about Oliver‟s special identity.

3.3 Oliver’s Helpless of the Housebreaking.

The gang of thieves were afraid that Oliver would blab to the police. Then they decided to kidnapped him. When he was dragged by Nancy, Oliver cried for help. But no one gave a hand for there was nobody to care for him and he had been so plain. Later Oliver was delivered over to Sikes who forced him to do the burglary with them. Oliver begged for his mercy an cried „Let me ran away and die in the field. I will never come near London, never, never!‟(Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist,60). London was originally a heaven for Oliver to seek for freedom, but at that time it was a hell. Although he didn‟t get what he pursued, he would never take illegal action that go against other‟s interest. So he made his efforts to dart upstairs from the hall and alarm the family whether he died or not. Then he was shoot and dropped by Sikes. It was lucky that he was rescued by Rose, a kind and beautiful girl. „Crime, likes death, is not confined to the old and withered alone. The youngest and fairest are too often its chosen victims.‟(Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist,72 ). This universal viewpoint maybe one of the reasons that children lacked attention, concern and love from the society. Actually I do agree with Rose‟s opinion that we can‟t always put the criminals into a prison, which in any case must be the grave of all his chances of amendment.

4. Oliver’s Turn in His Life.

4.1 The Secret of the Identity of Oliver.

When Oliver got better, how deeply he felt the goodness of the two sweet ladies. He hoped that when he grew strong and well again, he could do something to show their gentle kindness had not cast away. „He was eager to serve them with his whole heart and soul.‟(Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist,76). Whatever he had suffered, Oliver kept his kindness from beginning to end. His breast was full of love and duty. It was his kindness that changed the heart of Nancy and presented the soul of goodness in things evil. Nancy risked her life to tell Rose about the conversation held between Monks and Fagin. With Roses help, Oliver had reunion with Mr. Bumble who was willing to find out the secret of the identity of him.

4.2 The Plot between Fagin and Monks

It couldn‟t be denied that the greed of humanity changed the Oliver‟s fortune. The old nurse took the relic of Oliver‟s mother to a pawn. Mrs. Corney and Mr. Bumble helped Monks to destroy the evidence of Oliver‟s identity because of the temptation of money. In order to get the heritage of Oliver according to their father‟s will, Monks contrived for his poor young brother. Fagin could made a good profit to help him driving Oliver through every jail in town and then hauling Oliver for some capital felony. Now we can easily discover that money plays a significant role in the loop of crime. Money is the tool in the world. However they wanted it above all things. The doctor gave the sarcastic remarks about their actions. „Are we to pass a vote of thanks to all these vagabonds, male and female and beg them to accept a hundred pounds, or so, apiece, as a trifling mark of our esteem, and some slight acknowledgement of their kindness to Oliver?‟(Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist,110). The irony here was that giving thanks to the criminal‟s thanks.

4.3 The Punishment on the Murder.

Mr. Brownlow considered that they had extreme difficulty in getting to the bottom of the mystery, unless they could bring Monks on his knees. And that could only be done by stratagem. Later, Mr. Brownlow met Monks and exposed his crime. At first, Monks thought they couldn‟t prove anything against him. But it was out of his expectation that Mr. Brownlow was his father‟s best friend and he knew the every detail of his family members. At last, Monks had no choice but to make a statements of truth and facts, and repeated it before witnesses. And the murder, Sikes who killed Nancy, lost his balance and tumbled off the roof on his way to escaped. He hung lifeless against the wall of the house. The result of Sikes‟ fortune was a comedy, because he killed himself unwillingly.

5. Conclusion:The Purpose of Writing This Story.

Charles Dickens have thrown his whole heart and soul into Oliver. The criminals of London‟s underworld in the miserable reality share the solitary child‟s pain. Oliver is more completely deprived and helpless and evil of the adult world. He should still be sustained by hope and faith in freedom. Dickens wrote about proverty and grim realities of life to show the criminals „as they really are‟ and the principle of Good surviving through every adverse circumstance. The author exposed the dark of the society to call on people to care for children and keep the beauty of human nature.

Bibliography:

1、 Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist,外语教学与研究出版社,1997.04

2、 Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist,北京:外文出版社,2000.04

3、 雾都孤儿,狄更斯,上海世界图书出版公司,2001.02

4、 雾都孤儿,狄更斯,安徽科学技术出版社,2005.07