1、 马克·吐温 (美国作家)
3、 n.佛罗里达镇（位于密苏里州） 佛罗里达州（美国州名）
66、n.理发师 二英译汉 1、
30、 Mark Twain birthplace n. △Florida n. bring up △Hannibal n. △Missouri n. △Mississippi n. novel n adj. △boyhood n. adventure n. △Tom Sawyer n. △Huckleberry Finn phrase n. △fathom n. author n. △Samuel Langhorne Clemens scene n. △narrator n. △Roderick n. △Oliver n. △bet n. vt. & vt. △make a bet △penniless adj. wander vi. pavement n. businessman n. permit vt. & vi. n. ahead adv. go ahead by accident
31、 bay n. 32、 33、 34、 35、 36、 37、 38、 39、 40、 41、 42、 43、 44、 45、 46、 47、 48、 49、 50、 51、 52、 53、 54、 55、 56、 57、 58、 59、 60、 61、 62、 63、 64、 65、 66、 stare vi. stare at △nightfall n. fault n. spot vt. n. passage n. △unpaid adj. account vi. & vt. n. account for embassy n. seek vt & vi.(sought, sought) patience n. contrary n.adj. on the contrary △charity n. envelope n. unbelievable adj. △Horace n. steak n. pineapple n. dessert n. amount n. take a chance rude adj. manner n. scream vi. n. genuine adj. △issue vt. & vi. △fake n. rag n. in rags indeed adv. as for bow vi. & n. barber n.
Unit 1 Festivals around the world 一、重点短语
1. take place：发生 take place of 代替，取代 take place 指有计划安排“发生”“举行”
break out 指灾难、战争、疾病突然发生
1. starve ：饥饿 starve to death 饿死
starve for 渴望
be starved of sth.急需，缺乏
1. in memory of 纪念，追念
in charge of 负责，掌管
in search of 寻找
in case of 万一
1. play a trick on sb. 给某人开玩笑（恶作剧）
2. 辨析gain ,win,get,earn,acquire
Win 含有取胜的一方具有优越的特质或条件而能克服各种障碍的意思，意为“赢得” Get普通词，有时指不一定需要努力就能得到
1. gather与collect gather 强调分散的东西聚集在一起 collect 对某物进行收集
1. award,prize,reward award奖励，强调荣誉而不在乎奖品的大小或奖金的多少
reward 指对某人的工作或服务等的报答（酬金，赏金） 1. admire:钦佩，admire sb. for sth.
2. look forward to 期待，期望
3. turn up 出现
turn in 上交
turn out 结果是 1. keep one’s word 守信用 2. apologize to sb. for doing/sth. 向某人道歉
3. set off 出发，动身
4. remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起。。。
remind sb. to do sth.提醒某人做某事
1. while 用法
（1） 当。。。。时候 he fell asleep while he was watching TV
（2） 只要 while there is life ,there is hope
（3） 但是 You like sports,while I like reading
（4） 虽然，尽管 while I understand what you say,I can not agree with you
take place; in memory of; dress up; play a trick on; look forward to; have fun with; turn up; keep one's word; hold one's breath; set off
1．When the mother came in，the child was ________ the toys. 答案 having fun with
2．I wrote a long poem ________ Robert, who used to be my old friend as well as my teacher.
答案 in memory of
3．I couldn't find my watch for ages, but then one day it ________ in a coat pocket.
答案 turned up
4．He ________ and paid me the money he owed me exactly on time.
答案 kept his word
5．When does the ceremony ________？ All the lovely boys and girls in our school are waiting for it.
答案 take place
6．Fred got very angry when the other boys________ him and hid his clothes.
答案 played a trick on
7．I want to ________ early in order to avoid the traffic.
答案 set off
8．I hated leaving little Emily，but I ________ seeing my mother again.
答案 looked forward to
9．She ________ as the horses came toward the finish line. 答案 held her breath
10．It's a small informal party—you don't have to ________. 答案 dress up
1．At that time people would starve ______________________(如果食物难以找到), especially during the cold winter months. (difficult)
答案 if food was difficult to find
2．In European countries, people will usually ______________________(用花果来装饰教堂和市政厅), and will get together to have meals. (decorate)
答案 decorate churches and town halls with flowers and fruit
3．The country，______________________(到处是盛开的樱花), looks as though it is covered with pink flowers. (cover)
答案 covered with cherry tree flowers
_______________________________________________________ 答案 The first days of school are meant to get the freshmen familiar with campus life.
2．look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring.
答案 His experiences with his son are the ones that are shared by countless other parents.
3．Some western countries have very exciting carnivals, take place forty days before Easter.
答案 The train, which takes only three hours，is quicker than the bus.
__________________________________________________ 答案 He might be upstairs right now writing to his girlfriend.
5．the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave.
____________________________________________________ 答案 It is obvious that no life exists on the moon.
Larry was on another of his underwater expeditions (探险) but this time, it was different. He decided to take his daughter along with him. She was only ten years old. This would be her first trip with her father on what he had always been famous for.
Larry first began diving when he was his daughter's age. Similarly, his father had taken him along on one of his expeditions.
Since then, he had never looked back. Larry started out by renting diving suits from the small diving shop just along the shore. He had hated them. They were either too big or too small. Then, there was the instructor. He gave him a short lesson before allowing him into the water with his father. He had made an exception. Larry would never have been able to go down without at least five hours of theory and another similar number of hours on practical lessons with a guide. Children his age were not even allowed to dive.
After the first expedition, Larry's later diving adventures only got better and better. There was never a dull moment. In his black and blue suit and with an oxygen tank fastened on his back, Larry dived from boats into the middle of the ocean. Dangerous areas did not prevent him from continuing his search. Sometimes, he was limited to a cage underwater but that did not bother him. At least, he was still able to take photographs of the underwater creatures.
Larry's first expedition without his father was in the Cayman Islands. There were numerous diving spots in the area and Larry was determined to visit all of them. Fortunately for him, a man offered to take him around the different spots for free. The diving spots afforded such a wide array(大堆；大群) of fish and sea creatures that Larry saw more than thirty varieties of creatures.
Larry looked at his daughter. She looked as excited as he had been when he was her age. He hoped she would be able to continue the family tradition. Already, she looked like she was much braver than Larry had been then. This was the key to a successful underwater expedition.
1．In what way was this expedition different for Larry?
A. His daughter had grown up.
B. He had become a famous diver.
C. His father would dive with him.
D. His daughter would dive with him.
解析 根据文章第一段“He decided to take his daughter along with him”可知。
2．What can be inferred from Paragraph 2?
A. Larry had some privileges.
B. Larry liked the rented diving suits.
C. Divers had to buy diving equipment.
D. Ten-year-old children were permitted to dive.
解析 根据第二段中的“He had made an exception”以及该段后面的内容可知，他享有特殊待遇。
3．Why did Larry have to stay in a cage underwater sometimes?
A. To protect himself from danger.
B. To dive into the deep water.
C. To admire the underwater view.
D. To take photos more conveniently.
解析 根据第三段中Dangerous areas did not prevent him from continuing his search. Sometimes, he was limited to a cage underwater but that did not bother him.可知，这样做是为了保护他的安全。
4．What can be learned from the underlined sentence?
A. Larry didn't wear a watch.
B. Larry was not good at math.
C. Larry had a poor memory.
D. Larry enjoyed the adventure.
5．What did Larry expect his daughter to do?
A. Become a successful diver.
B. Make a good diving guide.
C. Take a lot of photos underwater.
D. Have longer hours of training.
解析 根据最后一段中的“He hoped she would be able to continue the family tradition”以及Larry的个人经历可知A合题意。
Unit 2 Healthy eating 一、重点短语
1.balanced diet 均衡饮食 keep a balanced diet 保持均衡饮食
2.get away with 被放过，不受惩罚
get away from 逃离 ，离开
get along /on wellwith 相处的很好，进展顺利
Energy 指 “精力，活力，能量“
4.have/get sth,done 让别人做某事（自己不做），主语遭受不好的事情
5.lie 与 lay
Lie 撒谎 lied lied lying
Lie 躺卧 lay lain lying
Lay 下蛋，摆放 laid laid laying
6.consult sb,sth. 咨询，请教
Give up 放弃
Give away 分发，泄露
Give back 归还
Gieve in 屈服
Gieve out 散发，消耗，用完
Give off 散发出
8.earn one’s living 谋生
9.in debt 负债
11.spy on 暗中检查，侦查
Spy sth. out 查明
13.benefit from 从。。。。。。获益
Have the benefit of 得益与。。。。。
conbine into … 联合成
Conbine …with 把。。。。。。与。。。。。。结合起来 1. cut down 削减，删节，夺取。。。。。。生命
cut through 抄近路 cut away 切除 cut in插嘴， cut out 删除
cut into 切碎
1. before long与 long befor
before long 不久以后 long before 不久以前
as 强调主从句的谓语动词所表示的动作同时进行，从句表示“随着时间推移”时，只能用as. 表示“一边。。。。。。一边。。。。。。”用as
lose weight; get away with; tell a lie; win...back; earn one's living; in debt; cut down; before long; put on; rather than
1．Jack has ________ five kilos since he quit smoking.
答案 put on
2．Gary has been ________ since his factory closed half a year ago.
答案 in debt
3．You smoke too much—you should try to ________.
答案 cut down
4．As a parent, if you often ________， how can you expect your children to be honest?
答案 tell a lie
5．The kids were playing in the mud and ________ they were covered in it.
答案 before long
6．I don't know how they manage to ________ paying such low wages.
答案 get away with
7．I spent an hour every day taking exercise in order to ________. 答案 lose weight
8．After the scandal，he faces a hard struggle to ________ public support before the next election.
9．________ risk breaking up his marriage he told his wife everything.
答案 Rather than
10．She has been ________ by teaching since she graduated from college.
答案 earning her living
1．Wang Peng sat in his empty restaurant _______________(感到十分沮丧). (feel)
答案 feeling very frustrated
2．At the library, Wang Peng ________ (吃惊地发现) that his restaurant served far too much fat. (find)
答案 was surprised to find
3．I found your menu so limited ______________________(所以我也就不着急了). (stop)
答案 that I stopped worrying
答案 He left two hours ago so he ought to be there by now.
答案 Jack hasn't turned up yet. What could have happened to him?
3．coming to eat in his restaurant as he always did.
答案 I didn't hear the phone. I must have been asleep.
答案 I can't have you treating your mother like that.
5．But don't you think it be better if you a bit thinner?
答案 I would take his advice if I were you.
Trust has been considered as the basis of any relationship, including friendship. No relationship can last long with a lack of trust. Not many of your friends will have real faith in you as you would like Sometimes, it takes years, even a complete lifetime, to trust someone. However, how do we know if our friends have faith in us? With whom will you share things that you don't want everyone to know? It would be with a close friend, whom you trust as much as you trust yourself.
Whom do you look up to for advice when you need it the most? It has to be either your parents or your friends. This is a shining example of trust. You only seek advice from people you hold in high regard and find dependable. The friends who trust you will never forget to include you in the important decisions of their life.
Arguments and heated discussions are a part of every
relationship, and this is also true for friendship. While some people find it difficult to forgive and forget, your friends will never have problems moving on. It is because they trust you and believe that you will never cause any pain to them on purpose.
There are times in life when you find yourself a lonely soldier. Your friends will never let you down and will strongly stand for you when you need encouragement. You can determine that they trust you and believe in your beliefs if they side with you when you need them the most.
A. People can be extraordinarily jealous sometimes.
B. You know they will never pass on a wrong suggestion.
C. In fact, winning trust is, by far, the most challenging aspect of relationships.
D. Two people can't have the same reactions to a situation and different opinions do exist.
E. No matter how close you are to your friends, you can't take that comfort level for granted.
F. If your friends share their secrets, there's a good possibility that they have much faith in you.
G. However, people fortunate to have been blessed with true friends are never alone in any battle.
答案 1.C 2.F 3.B 4.D 5.G
My dream school starts at 8：30 a．m. and ends at 3：30 p．m.. They are three lessons in the morning and two in the afternoon.We didn't need to do so many homework.Therefore, we have more time with after-school activities.For example, we can do reading for one
and a half hour and play sports for one hour every day.
My dream school look like a big garden.There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the classroom buildings.We can lie on the grass for a rest, or sat by the lake listening music.The teachers here are kind and helpfully.They are not only our teachers but also our friends.
My dream school starts at 8：30 a．m. and ends at 3：30 p．m.. are three lessons in the morning and two in the afternoon.We There
need to do so homework.Therefore, we have more time don'tmuch
after-school activities.For example, we can do reading for one for
and a half and play sports for one hour every day.
My dream school like a big garden.There are all kinds of
＼the flowers and trees around the classroom buildings.We can lie on the grass for a rest, or by the lake listening ∧ music.The
teachers here are kind and helpful
but also our friends.
Glad to learn you're coming to Beijing ...___________ ___________________________________________________________
I believe we will have much fun together.
Glad to learn you're coming to Beijing in a couple of days. My family and I are looking forward to your visit and we are so glad you can stay with us while you are in Beijing. We have got everything ready for you so as to make you feel at home.
On the day you arrive, my father and I will meet you at the airport and in the evening we will have a nice dinner party at home, I'm sure you will like all the delicious Chinese food.
During the following days, I will show you around many places of interest in Beijing, including the Great Wall, which is regarded as one of the seven wonders of the world. We will spend some time touring around downtown Beijing, such as Wangfujing, Xidan and Qianmen, where you can do some shopping. Of course, as it is the largest one in
the world, Tian'anmen Square is a scenic spot we can't miss.
The Spring festival, like the carnivals in western countries, is a special joyous/joyful occasion of celebration for Chinese as well as other many Asians. If you can stay in Beijing long enough, you will be able to share the pleasure of it with us.
I believe we will have much fun together.
Unit 4 Astronomy：the science of the stars 一、
1.begin with 以。。。。。。开始，放前面用to begin with
2.in time 迟早，终于，及时 on time 准时，按时
in no time立即 at any time 在任何时候 at one time 曾经，一度 at times 有时
for some time 一段时间 of the time 现在的，
1.as well as 也，又
2.do harm to =be harmful for 对。。。。。。有害
3.prevent …from 阻止，制止 。相似用法还有keep,stop
4.make up 组成，构成，弥补
5.block out 挡住光线
6.cheer up 感到高兴
7.break out 突发，爆发
8.break in 打断
9.break up 拆散
10.break down 分解，毁坏
11.break into 闯入
12.break through 突破
13.break off 扯断
14.break away from 逃走，从。。。。。。中脱离
（2） 基数词+times+as +adj./adv.+as
1.now that 既然 since因为，既然
1．They were in time to produce carbon, nitrogen, water vapour and other gases, ______________________(这些后来就形成了地球的大气层). (atmosphere)
答案 which were to make the earth's atmosphere
2．______________________(它们突然灭绝的原因) still remains a mystery.(disappear)
答案 Why they suddenly disappeared
3．______________________(随着火箭的升空), we were pushed back into our seats because we were trying to escape the pull of the earth's gravity. (air)
答案 As the rocket rose into the air
3.8 billion years ago.
答案 As a young man, he didn't know he was to become famous later.
2．This produced a chain reaction，which [翻译]太阳照射地球，这使得人们有可能种植作物。
答案 The sun shines the earth，which makes it possible for people to grow plants.
3．When we get closer to the moon, we shall feel its gravity pulling us，[翻译]我们邻居家的公寓与我们家的一样大。
答案 Our neighbour has as big a house as ours.
4．But when I tried to step forward，I found I was carried [翻译]他的上衣看上去与我的一样，但我的价格是他的两倍。 ________________________________________________
答案 His jacket looks the same as mine, but mine costs twice as much as his.
5．We watched, as fire broke out on the outside of the spaceship as the earth's gravity increased.
答案 He looked at his restaurant, depressed.
Kids with special needs refer to any kid who might need extra help because of a medical, emotional, or learning problem. For example, kids who can not walk need wheelchairs. They not only need equipment that helps them get around, but they might need to have ramps(坡道) or elevators available. Kids with an illness would have special needs, too. Kids with sight problems might need Braille books to read. Kids with hearing problems might need hearing aids. might be harder to do normal things—like learning to read or just getting around the school. The good news is that parents, doctors, nurses, teachers, and others can help. The goal is to help kids be as independent as possible.
Other kids also can be a big help. How? By being a friend, kids who use a wheelchair or have lots of health problems want friends just as you do. But meeting people and making friends can be difficult. Be sure to tell a teacher if you see someone being bullied(欺辱) or teased. Being friendly to kids with special needs is one of the best ways to be helpful. As you get to know them, they may help you understand what it's like to be in their shoes. And you'll be helping fill a very special need, one that everybody has—the need for good friends.
A. Some kids might laugh at or make fun of them.
B. It is good manners to offer help to kids with special needs.
C. Life can be challenging for a kid with special needs. D. They also might need to get a special bus to school.
E. They might need medicine or other help as they go about their daily activities.
F. Also, try to be helpful if you know someone with special needs. G. Someone could have trouble with anxiety, but you wouldn't know it unless told about it.
答案 1.D 2.E 3.C 4.A 5.F 三、语法填空 2015·山西质监
Mrs. Lester kept on her husband to take her to the ballet. Mr. Lester hates the ballet, but when his invited him and his wife, he could not get out of it. As they drove to slowed down to a walking pace and almost stopped. When they over. Mrs. Lester could not work out had taken them so long to get there, even taking the fog into account. The theatre was within walking Lester told a friend of his that he purpose. This friend told his wife, and the wife immediately went around to tell Mrs. Lester. The two women began to plan a revenge. One day，when Mr. Lester was not in, they broke into his study, taking some coins out of the case when they heard a car pull up outside the house. Mr. Lester came in and opened the door of the study. There was no chance for the women to get away without
1．asking keep on doing是固定搭配，意为“继续做„„”。故空格处填asking。
5．it 此处需要it充当形式主语，真正的主语是“to get there”。故空格处填it。
6．distance 介词后面要接名词形式，within walking distance意为“很近，在步行可到达的距离内”。故空格处填distance。
7．what “________ had happened”在句中作为“found out”的宾语成分，在这个宾语从句中又缺少主语，所以用what引导从句。故空格处填what。
8．had taken 根据“told”可知，主句是过去时态，从句的动作在主句动作之前发生，即过去的过去，所以要用过去完成时。故空格处填had taken。
9．which 本句是一个非限制性定语从句，先行词是“his study”，
10．being seen 介词without后要用名词或doing的形式，根据语境可知，此处表示被动关系。故空格处填being seen。
There was a problem with the parking place for bikes in our school.______________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________
classmates and I had a discussion and wrote a report. Then we went to meet the headmaster in his office and gave the report to him. He accepted our suggestions. Soon afterwards, a second entrance was opened to the parking place. Now it is easy for us to park our bikes
Unit 5 Canada—“The True North”
compare…to 把。。。。。。比作。。。。。。 1.all the way 一路上，自始至终 by the way 顺便说下 in this way 用这种方法
on the way to 在去。。。。。。的路上 in the way挡道 out of the way 让路 in a way 从某种意义上讲
1.chat with 和。。。。。。聊天同 talk用法 2.surround 包围
surroundings 周围的事物，环境 1.settle down 定居，专心于 2.manage to do sth,设法做某事 3.catch sight of 看见 4.rather than 而不是
prefer to do rather than do宁愿做。。。。。。而不愿做。。。。。。 would rather do … than do宁愿做。。。。。。而不愿做。。。。。。 would do rather than do宁愿做。。。。。。而不愿做。。。。。。 1.in charge of 负责，主管 in the charge of 被负责 take charge of 控制
1.terrified sb.into doing sth.恐吓某人做某事 be terrified of 对。。。。。。感到恐惧 1.confirm 证实，证明 2.in the distance 在远处
3.closed to 与。。。。。。关系密切、 4.broad宽阔的，广泛的，broadly大体上 5.look over 检查，查看 7.come over过来，顺便拜访 8.go over 复习 9.get over 克服 10.take over接管
rather than; settle down; have a gift for; go through; in the distance；as far as; catch sight of; mix up; leave for; look over
1．The two Frenchmen ________ strange adventures in the African forests.
答案 went through
2．It is obvious that the little girl ________ learning languages. 答案 has a gift for
3．You'll be accompanied ________ the border; then you must find your own way.
答案 as far as
4．I could see the faint gleam of light ________. 答案 in the distance
5．Wait until the children ________ before you start the lesson. 答案 settle down
6．________ risk breaking up his marriage he told his wife everything.
答案 Rather than
7．Glancing round, he ________ a dark figure in the shadows. 答案 caught sight of
8．The visitors will ________ Paris in the morning in the next plane.
答案 leave for
9．Don't ________ those papers，or we'll never find the ones we need.
答案 mix up
10．We must ________ the house before we decide to rent it. 答案 look over Ⅱ.完成句子
1．______________________(温哥华以北的海岸) has some of the oldest and most beautiful forests in the world. (coast)
答案 The coast north of Vancouver
2．______________________(经过两天的旅行后), the girls began to realize that Canada is quite empty. (travel)
答案 After two days' travel
3．It's approximately 400 kilometres northeast of Toronto, so ______________________(这要花太多的时间). (take)
答案 it would take too long 三、完形填空
During Hurricane Sandy last year, the garage and basement of Christine O'Donovan's house in New York were flooded, and two cars, years of paperwork, and photos were children (ages 2 to 12), and an adopted dog named Buster remained Six months earlier, she'd taken after finding the six-month-old puppy(小狗崽) left to a telephone pole.
Just a month later, ， as construction workers repaired the house, Buster dashed through the open front gate and “I was extremely sad，” O'Donovan says. All the searches for him were her to look at a Facebook page that lists scheduled to be killed at New York City shelters the next day. enough, when O'Donovan visited the website, there was a picture of Buster, who was apparently to be put to sleep eight later, early the next morning. The shelter was closed for the night and again to the public until 8 a．m. “I'm thinking, how am I going to get him they do this？” says O'Donovan. The next morning, she drove to the with all five kids. She asked the woman at the front desk if Buster was still there. When the woman replied yes, “it was like a thousand pounds my shoulders，”she told the assistant, “__ me to the back where he is, and you will see he's my dog. ” When Buster spotted his __， he went wild, barking, jumping and licking O'Donovan's face. She burst into The shelter worker needed nothing and Buster went home.
1．A. destroyed C. hurt 2．A. dead C. safe 3．A. away C. out 4．A. stuck C. joined 5．A. however C. therefore 6．A. died down C. ran off 7．A. in place C. by design 8．A. wishing C. stopping 9．A. people C. animals 10．A. Strangely C. Well 11．A. days
C. minutes 12．A. open
C. work 13．A. after
C. before 14．A. dog
B. injured D. exposed B. lucky D. healthy B. home D. up B. fixed D. tied B. but D. nevertheless B. showed up D. rushed in B. in vain D. by chance B. preventing D. telling B. children D. Buster B. Sadly D. Sure B. hours D. weeks B. close D. give B. since D. when B. shelter
C. house 15．A. lifted off
C. went away 16．A. make
C. prove 17．A. Tell
C. Help 18．A. mother
C. baby 19．A. laughter
C. flames 20．A. better
C. most 答案与解析
D. website B. put on D. came to B. gave D. produce B. Take D. Bring B. friend D. owner B. tears D. love B. best D. more
3．B 根据上文可知，她家的宠物狗是她收养的，所以此处是她将小流浪狗带回家。故take sth. home“将„„带回家”正确。take away意为“拿走，带走”；take out意为“取出，拿出”；take up
4．D 根据语境可知，此处是指小狗被拴在电话线杆上。故tie“用带(或绳子等)系住”符合语境。此处“left tied to a telephone pole”是过去分词短语作伴随状语，修饰puppy。
5．A 句意为：然而，一个月后，当建筑工人修房子时，Buster飞快穿过前门，跑了。根据下文可知，此处表示转折，故however“然而”正确。注意B项but后不能用逗号；therefore意为“因此，所以”；nevertheless作“尽管如此，然而”之意时，通常表示即使做出完全的让步，也没有任何影响，或者说也不是决定因素，如：There was no news；nevertheless，she went on hoping.一点消息也没有，但她仍抱着希望。故B、C、D三项均不符合语境。
6．C 根据上文可知，小狗从开着的前门跑掉了。run off意为“跑掉”，符合语境。故C项正确。die down意为“逐渐消失”；show up意为“出现，露面”； rush in意为“跑进，冲进”。
7．B 根据上下文可知，所有的寻找都没有任何结果。in vain意为“徒劳地，白费地”，符合语境。in place意为“适当地，在合适的位置”；by design意为“故意地”；by chance意为“偶然，意外地”。
8．D 句意为：几个星期后，O'Donovan从朋友那儿得到一个信息，告诉她去看看一个Facebook页面„„此处用telling...作为后置定语，修饰a text。
10．D 当她浏览网站时，不出所料，里面有Buster。sure enough意为“果真，果然”，为固定短语，符合语境。故D项正确。
15．A 句意为：“听说Buster还在那里，我如释重负”O'Donovan说。lift...off表示“将„„移去，抬起”，符合语境。put on意为“穿上，戴上，上演”；go away意为“走开”；come to意为“想起，共计”。
17．B 句意为：将我带到小狗那里，(然后)你就知道他是我的小狗了。take sb. to表示将说话人带离本地去另外一个地方，符合语境。
18．D 该句意为：当小狗Buster认出他的主人时，他吠叫着，跳跃着，舔O'Donovan的脸。根据上文的“To ________ her ownership”可推知，owner符合语境。故D项正确。
19．B O'Donovan激动得哭了。burst into tears意为“大哭起来”，符合语境。
必修三：Unit1 The world of our senses(一） 语法
1. 由连接词that引导的宾语从句。由连接词that引导宾语从句时，that在句中不担任任何成分，在口语或非正式的文体中常被省去，但如从句是并列句时，第二个分句前的that不可省。 He has told me that he will go to Shanghai tomorrow.
We must never think (that) we are good in everything while others are good in nothing.
2. 用who, whom, which, whose, what, when, where, why, how,
whoever, whatever, whichever等关联词引导的宾语从句相当
I want to know what he has told you.
She will give whoever needs help a warm support.
I doubt whether our team can win the match.
I think Father would like to know_________ I’ve been up to so far,
so I decided to send him
a quick note.
A. which B. why
C. what D. how
——What did your parents think about your decision?
——They always let me do ____ I think I should.
A. when B. that
C. how D. what
——We haven’t heard from Jane for a long time.
——What do you consider _______to her?
A. was happening B. to happen
Please remind me______ he said he was going.
I may be in time to see him off.
A. where B. when
答案：B C. has happened C. how
→Can you tell me who(m) do we have to see?
→Can you tell me who(m) we have to see?
→The teacher asked the students what they were doing.
陈述句变为宾语从句时，要注意人称和时态的变化，语序不变。 →She said, “I will leave a message on the desk.”
→She said she would leave a message on the desk.
→ “Where are the tickets?” I asked him.
→I asked him where the tickets are.
As soon as he comes back, I’ll tell him when _______ and see him.
A. you will come B. will you come
C. you come D. do you come
→I thought (that) you are free today.
→I thought (that) you would be free today.
→The teacher told us (that) the earth moves around the sun.
Scientists think that the continents ______ always where they
A. aren’t; are B. aren’t; were
C. weren’t; are D. weren’t; were
→He knew (that) he should work hard.
→Tom don’t know if/whether his grandpa liked the present.
→He asked me whether or not I was coming.
1. 在不定式前：Whether to go there or not hasn’t been decided.
2. 在介词后：It depends on whether it is going to rain.
3. 与or not连用：They are talking about whether to go there or not.
I don’t know ___________or not.
A. whether he is at home B. if he is at home
C. that he is at home D. whether is he at home
连接代词who, whom, whose, what, which，连接副词when,
where, why, how 它们起连接作用，作句子成分，各有自己的意
→The teacher asked the new students which class he was in.
→I wonder where he got so much money.
→They are worrying about whether they can get there in time.
→You can write about whatever topic you can think of.
Mary wrote an article on _______the team had failed to win the
B. what D. that
考查形容词后的宾语从句。某些像glad, happy, sorry, sure,
→Are you sure what you will do next?
→I'm afraid that he will fail in the exam.
With his work completed, the businessman stepped back to his seat,
feeling pleased________ he was a man of action.
A. which B. that
C. what D. whether
英语中like, love, hate, dislike, depend on, see to等动词或短语后
→I don’t like it when people talk with their mouths full.
→She suggested we (should) leave here at once.
→The doctor ordered she should be operated.
—How do you _____ we go to Beijing for our holidays?
—I think we'd better fly there. It's much more comfortable.
A. insist B. want
C. suppose D. suggest
guess, believe, imagine, expect, consider等词时，并且主语为第
→I don't think I know you.
→I don' t believe he will come.
I don’t suppose anyone will volunteer, _______?
A. do I B. don’t I
D. won’t they C. will they
连接表语从句的连接词有：that, what, who, when, where, which,
why, whether, how, whoever，whomever, whichever, whatever等。
还有如because, as if, as though等。
He has become what he wanted to be ten years ago.
His suggestion is that we should stay calm.
The question is when he can arrive at the hotel.
You are saying that everyone should be equal, and this is ____ I
A. why B. where C. what
—I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week.
—Is that ____ you had a few days off?
A. why B. when
C. what D. where
____ she couldn’t understand was ____ fewer and fewer students
showed interest in her lessons.
A. What; why B. That; what
C. What; because D. Why; that
____ made the school proud was ____ more than 90% of the students had been admitted to key universities.
A. What; because B. What; that
C. That; what D. That; because
—Are you still thinking about yesterday’s game?
—Oh, that’s ____.
A. what makes me feel excited
C. how I feel about it
B. whatever I feel excited about D. when I feel excited
→False: The question is when can he arrive at the hotel. →Right: The question is when he can arrive at the hotel.
if不能引导表语从句，只能用whether 来引导。 →False: The question is if the enemy is marching towards us. →Right: The question is whether the enemy is marching towards us.
The problem is _________to take the place of Ted
A. who can we get B. what we can get
C. who we can get D. that we can get
The question is _____ we will have our sports meet next week.
A. that B. if C. when D. whether
→The question is who will travel with me to Beijing tomorrow. →The question is why he cried yesterday.
→The problem is how we can get the things we need.
→The scissors are not what I need.
→What I told him was that I would find him a good play. 我告诉他的是我会给他找个好剧本。
→That is what I want to tell you.
→That is why she failed to pass the exam.
Do you see _____ I mean?
答案：D B./ D. what
Scientists study ________ human brains work to make computers.
A. when B. how
C. that D. whether
Who do you think ______ sent there next year?
A. will be B. was
C. are D. is
We don’t know _____ they will come here.
根据意思可知，此处不缺少疑问代词，所以要用疑问词when。 B. that D. where
Let me see _____.
A. that can I repair the radio
C. I can repair the radio
解析：本句意为：让我看看我是否可以修理这个收音机。 whether引导宾语从句，宾语从句中要用陈述语序。 B. whether I can repair the radio D. whether can I repair the radio
He asked me when I _______ the international meeting.
A. attend B. will attend
C. attended D. attending
We’ve offered her the job, but I don’t know______ she’ll accept it or not.
解析：本句意为：我们给了她工作，但是我不知道她是否接受。 whether和后面的or not连用的时候，不可以使用if。 B. what C. whether D. which
Cindy shut the door heavily and burst into tears. No one in the office knew she was so angry.
A. where B. whether
C. that D. why
I'm afraid _____.
A. the little girl will have to be operated on
B. that will the little girl have to operate on
C. the little girl will have to operate on
D. that will the little girl have to be operated on
She wishes she ____ to the theatre last night.
A. went B. would go
D. were going C. had gone
I don’t think he will help us, _________?
A. do I
当主句谓语动词为think, suppose, guess, believe, imagine, expect, consider等词时，并且主语为第一人称时，时态是一般现在时，从句的否定词应转移到主句谓语动词上来。能够形成否定转移的句子，其反意疑问句的简短问句谓语和主语形式与从句一致。 B. don’t I C. will he D.
That’s _____ .
A. where our differences lie B. our differences lie there C. where do our differences lie D. that where our differences lie 答案：A
That is _____ we all support his idea.
解析：本句意为：那就是我们为什么支持他的看法的原因。 why引导表语从句，表示„„的原因。 B. why D. when
That is _______ we are all in favor of the plan.
答案：D B. which C. that D. why
_____ is troubling me is _____ I don’t understand _____ he said
A. What; that; what C. That; that; what
what引导主语从句，在从句中作主语；that引导表语从句，只起连接作用，不充当任何成分；what引导宾语从句，在从句中做said的宾语。 B. What; what; what D. Why; that; which
That’s _____ we should do.
C. how B. what D. why
The questions is _____.
A. whether is it worth doing
C. whether it is worth doing
The trouble is _______ we can have a few days off to spend our holiday.
A. that B. if C. when D. whether
解析：本句意为：麻烦是我们是否可以请几天假来度假。 引导表语从句只能用whether，不可以使用if。 B. that if it is worth doing D. if it is worth doing
When asked _____ they needed most, the kids said they wanted to fe
el important and loved.
A. what B. why
C. whom D. which
He asked me _______ I liked the manager’s plan.
A. when B. how
C. that D. whether
How do you think _______ the problem?
A. should we solve B. we should solve
C. should solve D. solve
do you think已经是疑问语序，所以后面的内容要用陈述语序。
We haven’t decided _______ we will have the sports meeting.
解析：本句意为：我们还没决定我们将什么时候举行运动会。 B. that D. where
Keep in mind _____.
A. that the teacher said B. what did the teacher say
D. what the teacher said C. that did the teacher say
He told me he _______ to the USA.
A. had gone B. had been
C. has been D. has gone
We don’t care ________ you pay by cash or credit card in this store.
A. how B. whether
C. what D. why
We are now looking into _______ he was absent from the meeting that day.
A. where B. whether
C. that D. why
We are glad ______ he will come here to spend the holiday with us.
A. that B. how
C. why D. whether
My sister advised me that I ________ accept the invitation.
A. could B. must
C. should D. might
We don’t think the sports meeting will be put off, _______?
A. do we
答案：C B. don’t we C. will it D.
当主句谓语动词为think, suppose, guess, believe, imagine, expect, consider等词时，并且主语为第一人称时，时态是一般现在时，从句的否定词应转移到主句谓语动词上来。能够形成否定转移的句子，其反意疑问句的简短问句谓语和主语形式与从句一致。
That is _____ .
A. where lived he there C. where he lived
where引导表语从句，意为：„„的地方。表语从句中要用陈述语序。 B. where did he live D. that where he lived
That is _____ we decided to put the discussion off.
A. where B. which
答案：D D. why
What he told me was _______ he was absent from the meeting.
解析：本句意为：他告诉我的就是我为什么缺席那个会议的原因。why引导表语从句，表示„„的原因。 B. which D. why
My suggestion is _____ we should send a few comrades to help them.
A. if B. that
C. when that
解析：本句意为：我的建议是我们应该派几个同志来帮助他们。that D. that where
Things were not _____ they seemed to be.
what引导表语从句，what在从句中做表语，what意为„„的事情。 B. why C. that D. what
They are just _____.
A. that what shall I have
C. that I shall have what
What troubles me most is _______ we can find a chance to go aboard for our further study.
A. that B. if C. when D. whether
解析：本句意为：他们就是我想要的东西。 B. what shall I have D. what I shall have
学科： 英语 任课教师： 授课时间：
年级 高一 性别
Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note
重点 难点 课前检查 作业完成情况：优□ 良□ 中□ 差□ 建议__________________________________________
The Million Pound Bank Note
2. permit / allow / let 3. scream / shout
单元要点预览（旨在让同学整体了解本单元要点） 1. scene / sight / view / scenery 1. believe vt.&vi.相信； 认为
belief n. 相信，信念， believable adj.可相信的 信仰 unbelievable adj.难以置 信的 survival n.幸存，幸存 者，残存物 permission n. 允许， 许 可，准许 patient adj. 有耐心的 rudely adv. 粗鲁地； 粗略地 presence n.出席，到场 adventurous adj.冒险 的，惊险的 adventurer n.冒险者 impatient adj. 不耐烦的 rudeness n.粗鲁， 不礼貌 survivor n.未死的人； 残 存者
课 堂 教 学 过 程
内 容 教 学 词 汇 部 分 词形 变化
2. survive vi.幸存，继续存 在 vt.幸免于；挺过来 3. permit v. 允许 n.许可证，执照 4. patience n. 忍耐，耐心 5. rude adj.粗鲁的，不礼貌 的 6. present adj. 出席的 7. adventure n. 奇遇；冒险
1. bet n.&v. 赌；打赌；赌钱 2. fault n. 缺点；错误，过错；故障 vt.挑剔，指责 3. spot vt. 发现；认出 n. 污点；斑点；地点 4. passage n. 通道；（书、讲话、音乐等的）一段，一节；通过，消逝；旅 费 5. account n. 说明；理由；计算，账目 vi.&vt.认为；说明；解释总；计有 6. seek vt.&vi. (sought, sought) 寻找；探索；寻求 7. amount n.数(量)；总额 vi.(to)合计；接近 8. bow [bau] vi.&vt. 鞠躬；弯腰 [bəu] n.[c] 弓，蝴蝶结；鞠躬
1. bring up 培养；抚养；养育或教育某人；提出；呕吐某物 2. go ahead 执行，进行，前进，（于祈使句）可以，往下说，用吧，开始吧 3. by accident 偶然；无意中 4. to be honest 老实说；说实话 5. on the contrary 与此相反；正相反[只作状语] 6. take a chance 冒险，碰运气 7. as for 至于，关于 1. Towards nightfall I found myself carried out to sea by a strong wind. 2. The next morning I’ d just about given myself up for lost when I was spotted by a ship. 3. You must come whenever you want and have whatever you like. 情态动词的两类重要用法：1．表示推测 2．征询意见（见语法部分）
语言要点（模块） Ⅰ.词语辨析 (旨在提供完形填空所需材料) 1. scene / sight / view / scenery 【解释】 scene 指某一处的自然风光 scenery（总称）自然景物，天然风光，是由多个 scenes 构成的自然风景。 sight 景象，风景，名胜，侧重值得看的事物或很难看的东西和很可笑的事物；视力/眼界 view 景色，风景，侧重从人所处的角度（从远处或高处）以眼所看
到的景色。 【练习】根据句子意思用 scene，sight，view，scenery 的适当形式填空。 1). Guilin is famous for its beautiful _______. 2). The _______ is a perfect dream when you see the sun rising slowly in the east. 3). You can get a wonderful _______at the top of the tower. 4). The flowers are a lovely _______ in spring. 5). He began to lose his _______six years ago. Keys: 1). scenery 2). scene 3). view 4). sight 5). sight 2. permit / allow / let 【解释】 let 允许，让，常用于口语中，一般不用于被动语态。后接不带 to 的不定式作宾补。 permit 和 allow 意思相近，都表示“允许，准许”。permit 稍正式一些，多指上级对下级或长 辈对晚辈的准许,语气较强；allow 多指听任或不管教某人做某事。 常用句型 allow/permit sb. to do sth. be allowed/permitted to do sth. allow/permit doing sth. 【练习】根据句子意思用 permit，allow 或所给词的适当形式填空。 1). Students are not _________ to enter the Net Bar. 2). My mother wouldn’ t let me _______ (go) to the film. 3). We don’ t allow _______ (smoke) in our office. 4). Weather _______ (permit), we’ ll go outing this weekend. Keys: 1). allowed/permitted 2). go 3). smoking 4). permitting 3. scream / shout 【解释】 scream 指因痛苦、恐惧、激动或生气而喊叫、尖叫，声音大而尖利，常与 to 连用 shout 指因愤怒或为引起注意而发出的声音，大喊，大叫，大声说话，常常与 at 连用 【练习】根据句子意思用 scream，shout 的适当形式填空。 1). There was a huge bang and people started _______.
2). Two women were _______ at each other outside the supermarket. 3). I had to _______ to make myself heard. 4). The fans _______ with excitement when they saw him. Keys: 1). screaming 2). shouting 3). shout 4). screamed Ⅱ. 词性变化（旨在提供语法填空所需材料） 1. believe vt.&vi.相信；认为 2. survive vi.幸存，继续存在 vt.幸免于；挺过来 3. permit v. 允许 n.许可证，执照 4. patience n. 忍耐，耐心 5. rude adj.粗鲁的，不礼貌的 6. present adj. 出席的 7. adventure n. 奇遇；冒险 belief n. 相信，信念，信仰 survival n.幸存，幸存者，残 存物 permission n. 允许，许 可，准许 patient adj. 有耐心的 rudely adv. 粗鲁地；粗略地 presence n.出席，到场 adventurous adj.冒险 的，惊险的 adventurer n.冒险者 impatient adj. 不耐烦的 rudeness n.粗鲁，不礼貌 believable adj. 可 相 信 的 unbelievable adj.难以置信的 survivor n.未死的人；残存者
【练习】用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空。 1). The principal’ s ________ (present) at the party didn’ t seem to be very welcome. 2). Finally he lost his ________ (patient) and started to yell at his mother. 3). It would be _______ (believe) that such an honest fellow should have betrayed his friends. 4). My husband loves ________ (adventure) life while I en
joy a more peaceful life. 5). He was punished for his _______ (rude) to his teacher. 6). They entered the area without. ________ (permit). 7) You cannot enter a military base without a _______ (permit). 8). The prisoners _________ (permit) two hours’ exercise a day. 9). This grand park is a rare _________ (survive) from the eighteenth century. Keys: 1). presence 2). patience 3). unbelievable 4). adventurous 5). rudeness 6). permission 7). permit 8). are/were permitted 9). survivor Ⅲ.重点词汇（旨在提供词汇综合运用材料） 1. bet n. 赌；打赌 v. 打赌；赌钱 [典例] 1). He often bets a 1ot of money on horses. 他经常在赛马上豪赌。 2). I bet that it will rain tomorrow. 我敢肯定说明天一定会下雨。 [重点用法] bet on 为某事打赌 make a bet on 为某事打赌 win/lose a bet 打赌 赢/输了 [练习] 按要求翻译。 1).We ______ ______ ______ ______ (打赌)the outcome of the next horse race. 2).他把所有的钱都用在赌马上。 _________________________________________________________________________________ _____ Keys: 1). make a bet on 2). He spends all his money betting on horses.
2. fault n. 缺点； 错误， 过错； 故障 vt.挑剔， 指责 faulty adj.有缺点的； 不完善的 faultless adj. 不可挑剔的 [典例] 1). I like him despite his faults. 虽然他有种种缺点, 但我仍然喜欢他。 2). No one could fault his performance. 他的演出无懈可击。 [重点用法] find fault (with sb/sth) 找（某人/事物的）错/茬儿；埋怨（某人/事物） It’ s one’ s fault 是 某人的过错 [练习] 按要求翻译或填空。 1). It was _______ _______ (他的过错) that we were late. 2). I have no fault to find _______ (介词) your work. 3). 她总是找我的茬儿。 _________________________________________________________________________________ _____ Keys: 1). his fault 2). with 3). She’ s always finding fault with me. 3. spot vt. 发现；认出 n. 污点；斑点；地点 spotless adj. 没有斑点的，干净的 [典例] 1). She spotted her friend in the crowd. 她在人群中认出了她的朋友。 2). She was wearing a white skirt with red spots 她穿着一件白底红点儿的裙子。 3). This is the very spot where he was murdered. 他就是在这儿遭谋杀的。 [重点用法] spot sb. doing sth. 看到某人正在做某事 on the spot = on the scene 到（在）现场；当场 [练习] 用 spot 的短语或其适当形式填空。 1). The police ______ him driving a stolen car. 2). The police were ______ ______ ______ within a few minutes of my telephone call. 3). He keeps his house _______. Keys: 1). spotted 2). on the spot 3). spotless 4. passage n. 通道；（书、讲话、音乐等的）一段，一节；经过，通过，消逝；旅费 [典例] 1). They were denied passage through the occupied territory. 他们被禁止穿越占领区。 2). He worked his passage to Australia. 他在去澳大利亚旅行的船上做工
偿付船费。 [重点用法] with the passage of time 随着时间的推移 [练习] 按要求翻译或填空。 1). Her confidence grew. _______ _______ (随着时间的推移) that we were late. 2). Several passages _______ (介词) the book were printed in a national newspaper before it was published. Keys: 1). with the passage of time 2). from
5. account n. 说明；理由；计算，账目 vi.&vt. 认为；说明；解释总；计有 [典例] 1). I’ m going to the bank to open a new account. 我去银行开个新账户。 2). Bad weather accounted for the long delay. 长期的延缓是因为坏天气。
[重点用法] account for 导致；做出解释；总计有 在银行开个户头 keep an account of 记录，记载 [练习] 用 account 的短语填空。
on account of = because of 因为
open an account
take sth. into account/consideration 考虑到某事
1). The League members in our school ______ ______ half of the students. 2). He doesn’ t drink alcohol _______ _______ his health. 3). She couldn’ t _______ _______ her foolish mistake. Keys: 1). account for 2). on account of 3). account for 6. seek vt.&vi. (sought, sought) 寻找；探索；寻求 [典例] 1). You must seek permission from the manager. 你需请求经理批准。 2). The explanation is not far to seek. 这种解释不难理解。 3). They are seeking to mislead us. 他们竭力误导我们。 [重点用法] seek (for/after) sth./sb. 寻找某人/某物 seek to do sth. 试图做某事 seek happiness/comfort/wealth/success 追求幸福﹑安逸﹑财富、成功 [练习] 用所给词的适当形式填空。 1). I think it’ s time we ________ (seek) legal advice. 2). They are seeking ________ (change) the rules. Keys: 1). sought 2). to change 7. amount n.数(量)；总额 vi.(to)合计；接近 [典例] 1). Can you really afford this amount? 你真付得起这个总数吗? 2). The cost amounted to 250. 费用共达 250 英镑。 [重点用法] a (large/small) amount of + n.[u] + v. (单数) (large/small) amounts of + n.[u] + v. (复 数) in (large/small) amounts [作状语]大（少）量地 amount to... 共达……，合计…… [练习] 用 amount 的短语翻译或所给词的适当形式填空。 1). Duting the earthquake, a large amount of damage _______ (do) in a very short time. 2). Large amounts of money _______ (spend) rebuilding the temple. 3). At that time, mall amounts of land _______ (use) for keeping animals. 4). Food was provided _______ _______ _______ (供应多少不等). 5). The total cost of repairs _______ _______ (供应多少不等) US$100. Keys: 1). was done amounted to 2). were spent 3). were used 4). in different amounts 5).
8. bow [bau] vi.&vt. 鞠躬；弯腰 [bəu] n.[c] 弓，蝴蝶结；鞠躬 [典例] 1). We all bowed to the Queen. 我们都向女王鞠躬致敬。 2). His back was bowed with age. 他因年老而驼背。 [重点用法] bow to/before sb. 向某人鞠躬 bow to sth. 向……低头；接受某事
] 用 bow 的短语或其适当形式填空。 1). The boss ______ ______ the demands of the workers. 2). The cast ______ as the audience applauded. Keys: 1). bowed to 2). bowed Ⅳ.重点词组（旨在提供词汇综合运用材料） 1. bring up 培养；抚养；养育或教育某人；提出；呕吐某物 [典例] 1). She brought up five children. 她养育了五个孩子。 2). Her parents died when she was a baby and she was brought up by her aunt. 她出生後不久 父母双亡, 是由姑母抚养大的。 [重点用法] bring sb. up to be/as 培养某人成为 bring sb. up to do sth. 培养某人要…… [练习] 用 bring 的短语填空。 1). He was ______ ______ ______ ______ authority (从小就受到尊敬师长的教育). 2). He ______ ______ a good suggestion at the meeting. 3). She was so sick that she ______ ______ all that she had had. Keys: 1). brought up to respect 2). brought up / put forward
3). brought up
2. go ahead 执行，进行，前进，（于祈使句）可以，往下说，用吧，开始吧 [典例] 1). Despite the bad weather, the journey will go ahead. 尽管天气不好，旅行将照常进行。 2). The building of the new bridge will go ahead as planned.新桥的修建将按计划进行。 [短语归纳] (be) ahead of 在之前；领先于；胜过 ahead of time / in advance 提前 [练习] 用 ahead 短语填空。 1). After a pause, he ______ _______ with his speech. 2). The new bridge was completed _______ _______ _______. 3). _______ _______ _______ (径直向前走) for 200 meters and then turn left. 4). —— Could I use your bike? —— _______ _______. Keys: 1). went ahead/on 2). ahead of time
3). Go straight ahead
4). Go ahead
3. by accident = by chance 偶然；无意中 [典例] 1). Last time I ran across her in the street by accident. 上次我偶然在街上碰见她。 2). I only found it by accident. 我只是碰巧找到的。 [短语归纳] by + n. 短语： by contrast 对比之下 by mistake 错误地 by hand 用手，用体力 machine 用机器 [练习] 用 by + n. 构成的词组填空。 1). I was in such a hurry that I took someone else’ s umbrella ________. 2). These toys are made ______ instead of ______, so they are very expensive. 3). She had found the file ______. Keys: 1). by accident/chance 2). by hand; by machine 3). by accident
4. to be honest = to tell (you) the truth = honestly speaking 老实说；说实话 [典例] 1). To be honest, I have no time to do it. 老实说，我没有时间做这件事情。 2). To be honest, I don't think we have a chance of winning. 说实话, 我认为我们没有获胜的可能. [短语归纳] 英语中表示“……说”的短语： generally speaking 一般来说 exactly speaking 确切地说 to be frank = frankly speaking 坦率地说 in general 一般地来说 in other words 换句话说 or rather 更确切地说 to sum up 概括地说 that is 也就是说 [练习] 用表示“……说”的短语填空。 1). _____
___, women live longer than men. 2). He got home late last night, _______ early this morning. 3). ________, I don’ t enjoy the performance. Keys: 1). Generally speaking 2). or rather 3). To be frank/honest 5. on the contrary 与此相反；正相反[只作状语] [典例] 1). It doesn’ t seem ugly to me; on the contrary, I think it’ s rather beautiful. 我觉得它并不丑, 恰 恰相反, 它挺美。 2). It wasn’ t a good thing; on the contrary, it was a huge mistake. 这并不是一件好事，相反，这是 个巨大的错误。 [短语归纳] contrary 短语： to the contrary（表明是）相反的；相反地[作定语和状语] (be) contrary to 违反（某事 物）；与……相反 [练习] 用 contrary 短语填空。 1). The car isn’ t expensive. ______ ______ ______, it’s quite cheap. 2). I will come on Monday unless you write me ______ ______ ______. 3). I will continue to believe it until I get proof ______ ______ ______. 4). The results were ______ ______ expectation. Keys: 1). On the contrary 2). to the contrary 3). to the contrary 4). contrary to 6. take a chance = take chances 冒险，碰运气 [典例] He took a big chance when he made the investment. 当时他投资时是冒了大风险的。 [短语归纳] chance 短语： have a good chance/no chance/not much chance of (doing) sth/ to do sth/ that....大有希望/没有可能/ 没什麽希望做某事 by chance: by accident: accidentally: unintentionally 偶然地；意外地；非有意地 the chances are (that)...: it is likely that... 很可能…… give sb. a chance 给某人一个机会 a chance of lifetime 千载难逢的机会 [练习] 用 chance 短语填空。 1). The guide book didn’ t mention there being any hotels, but we decided to ______ ______ ______. 2). You should never ______ ______ when driving a car. 3). What are the chances ______ (介词) his coming? 4). 很可能她要来。
_________________________________________________________________________________ 5). 我遇见她完全是偶然的。 _________________________________________________________________________________ Keys: 1). take a chance 2). take chances 3). of 4). The chances are that / It’ s likely that she’ ll be coming. 5). I met her quite by chance. 7. as for 至于，关于 [典例] As for you, you ought to be ashamed of yourself. 至於你, 你应该感到惭愧。 [短语归纳] contrary 短语： as to 至于，关于；提到；就……而论(至于，说到) [练习] 翻译。 1). He was uncertain ______ ______ (至于) which road to take. 2). Would you be so kind _______ _______ (至于) help me to move the stone? 3). 关于我的过去,我什么都不会告诉你。 _________________________________________________________________________________ __________ Keys: 1). as to 2). as to 3). As for my past, I’ m not telling you anything. Ⅴ.重点句子（旨在提供句子结构等所需材料） 1. Towards nightfall I found myself carried out to sea by a
strong wind. 快到黄昏的时候，我发现 自己被一阵大风刮到了大海上。 [解释] find +sb./sth. + 宾语补足语 = find + (that) + sb./sth. + 谓语动词 搭配 find +sb./sth. doing 发现……在做……(主动) find sb./sth. done 发现……被做……(被动) find oneself in/at... 发觉自己在某处／处于…… 例如： 1). I found that the boy was hiding behind the door. = I found the boy hiding behind the door. 2). When day broke, we found ourselves in a small village at the foot of the mountain. [练习] 用所给词的适当形式填空或翻译。 1). I found the boy _______ (hide) behind the door. 2). When day broke, we _______ _______ _______ (发现我们到了一个村子里) a small village at the foot of the mountain. 3). The film star________ ________ ________ ________ (发觉自己被围住) a group of fans immediately he got off the car. 4). He found a wallet ________ (lie) on the ground. Keys: 1). hiding 2). found ourselves in 3). found himself surrounded by
2. The next morning I’ d just about given myself up for lost when I was spotted by a ship. 第二天早 上，正当我感到绝望时一船发现了我。 [解释] 句中 when 为并列连词，译为“就在这时”，表示一种未预料到或突然发生的情况，常用 于讲述过去发生的事情或故事。when 常用于以下句型： 1). be about to do …when… 正要做某事就…… 2). be on the point of doing…when… 正要做某事就…… 3). be doing…when… 正在做某事就在这时…… 4). had just done sth. when... 刚做完某事就……
5). had hardly done…when… 几乎还没有做完某事就…… 例如： 1). He was about to go out when it bagan to rain. 他正要出去时天下起雨来了。 2). I’ d just finished my test paper when the bell rang. 我刚做完试卷下课铃就响了。 3). The boy was riding when he fell off his bike. 那个小孩正在骑车，就在这时，摔了下来。 [练习] 翻译句子。 1) 他正要出去时天下起雨来了。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 2) 我刚做完试卷下课铃就响了。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 3) 那个小孩正骑着车，就在这时，摔了下来。 _________________________________________________________________________________ Keys: 1). He was about to go out when it bagan to rain. 2). I’ d just finished my test paper when the bell rang. 3). The boy was riding when he fell off his bike. 3. You must come whenever you want and have whatever you like. 您只要想来随时欢迎，您想吃 什么尽管吃。 [解释] （1）疑问词+ ever 可引导名词性从句，相当于 anyone who, anything that, any time when 等，用来加强语气 如： 1). Whoever says that is a liar. 说那话的人是个骗子。 2). I’ ll believe whatever you say. 我将相信你所说的一切。 3). You can choose w
hatever you like in the shop. = You can choose anything that you like in the shop. （2）疑问词+ ever 还可引导让步状语从句, 相当于 no matter + 疑问词。如： 1). Whoever breaks the rule, he must be punished. = No matter who breaks the rule, he must be punished. 2). Whenever you have problems, you may turn to me for help. = No matter when you have problems, you may turn to me for help. [练习] 翻译。 1). _______ _______ _______ (无论何时) you have problems, you may turn to me for help. 2). 我将相信你所说的一切。 _________________________________________________________________________________ _______ 3). 无论你说什么，我都相信你。 _________________________________________________________________________________ _______ Keys: 1). Whenever / No matter when 2). I’ ll believe whatever you say. 3). Whatever you say, I’ ll believe you. / No matter what you say, I’ ll believe you. 堂检测 听课及知识掌握情况反馈_________________________________________________________。 测试题(累计不超过 20 分钟)_______道；成绩_______；教学需:加快□;保持□;放慢□;增加内容□
作业__3__题; 巩固复习____________________ ; 预习布置_____________________ 1 完形填空 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1—10 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 字数：230 完成时间： 分钟 15 难度：*** James sat outside the office waiting for the interview. He felt so 1 that he didn't know what to do with (the) 2 . The person who had gone in before him had been in there for nearly an hour. And she looked so confident( 自信的) when she went in, not like James. He felt 3 that she had already got the job. The problem was that he wanted this job 4. It meant 5 to him. He had thought it such a lot before the day of the interview. He had imagined himself 6 brilliantly(出色地) at the interview and 7 the job immediately. But now here he was feeling terrible. He couldn't remember all those things he had planned to say. At that moment, he almost decided to get up and 8 . But no he had to do this. He had spent so much time considering it that he couldn't give like that. His hands were hot and sticky and his mouth felt dry. At last the door of the office opened. The woman ,who had gone in an hour earlier, came out looking very 9 with herself. She smiled sympathetically at James. At the moment, James hated her. The managing director then appeared at the office door. hing B. happiness C. difficulty D. nothing 6. A. explaining B. performing C. answering D. writing 7. A. offered B. asked for C. being offered D. being asked for 8. A. leave B. go in C. prepare D. practise 9. A. ugly B. pleased C. sad D. pretty 10. A. shaking B. bending C. walking D. stopped 2.语法填空 阅读下面短文， 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求， 在空格处填入一个适当的词 或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 1—10 的相应位置上。 字数：143 完成时间：8 分钟 难度：** In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are necessary. Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear 1 spoken. Secondly, we must be able to speak it ourselves correctly with confidence and without hesitation. 2 , we must be able to read the language, and fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct. There is no easy way to success 3 language learning. 4 good memory is a great help, but it is not enough only 5 (memorize) rules from a grammar book. It is not much use learning by heart long lists of words and 6 meanings, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn by using the language. 7 we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the language. “Learn through use” is a good piece of 8 (advise) for those 9 are studying a new language. Practice is important. We must practise speaking and
(write) the language whenever we can.
3.阅读理解 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 词数：329 完成时间：6 分钟 难度：** I want to talk about a soldier. I saw him yesterday as my husband and I were enjoying a wonderful lunch in the cave-like dining room of an old hotel. It is hard to imagine being comfortable in a room that probably seats a thousand, but the real magic of the place is its wonderful setting. Every comer is a wood and stone masterpiece, with high glass windows that look out to the huge cliffs (悬崖) of the valley. A man entered with his family and took a seat. He wasn't in uniform, but he walked with the dignity of a soldier, and a slight limp (瘸). My suspicion was confirmed when he removed his hat and placed it on the table where I could see it. Embroidered (绣) on the cap were the words: the roaring of the waterfall. Somehow, after everything, the world was still beautiful to him. I walked over to him and said,
take place; in memory of; dress up; play a trick on; look
forward to; have fun with; turn up; keep one's word; hold one's breath; set off
1．When the mother came in, the child was ________ the toys.
2．I wrote a long poem ________ Robert, who used to be my old friend as well as my teacher.
3．I couldn't find my watch for ages, but then one day it ________ in a coat pocket.
4．He ________ and paid me the money he owed me exactly on time.
5．When does the ceremony ________ ? All the lovely boys and girls in our school are waiting for it.
6．Fred got very angry when the other boys ________ him and hid his clothes.
7．I want to ________ early in order to avoid the traffic.
8．I hated leaving little Emily, but I ________ seeing my mother again.
9．She ________ as the horses came toward the finishing line.
10．It's a small informal party—you don't have to ________.
1．having fun with 2.in memory of
3．turned up 4.kept his word
5．take place 6.played a trick on
7．set off 8.looked forward to
9．held her breath 10.dress up
1．Tom celebrated the ________ (到来) of the New Year with a party for his friends.
2．I am now ________ (收集) convincing information for my paper.
3．The central government has made a series of ________ (农业的) policies to encourage farmers to work the land.
4．Under the leadership of our party, we finally got ________ (独立) from the other countries.
5．No one is to see the document without the ________ (许可) of the writer of the report.
6．I've made up my mind, but it's ________ (很显然) that you need more time to think it over.
7．To get the job done, one should be ________ (精力充沛的) and hardworking.
8．I used to ________ (钦佩) him as a true scientist and hard worker.
9．You'd better ________ (道歉) to Mary for having kept her waiting for hours outside.
10．I could understand her being angry, but I'll still never ________ (原谅) her the way she treated me afterwards.
1．arrival 2.gathering 3.agricultural
4．independence 5.permission 6.obvious
7．energetic 8.admire 9.apologize 10.forgive
At 3:00 this afternoon, the teachers and students in Senior
Three as well as our parents a_______ the grown-up ceremony 56. ___ _
held in the school hall, ____ theme is “Growth and responsibility ”. 57. ___ ___ ____, we made an oath(宣誓), and then a student, representing all of us, 58. _____ made a speech, ____(表达)our thanks to not only our parents but also 59. _____ our teachers and talking about our g____ ideals. After that, 60. _____ some teachers and parents offered us their_______(祝贺) and 61. ___ _ expressed their expectations for our f_____. Finally, we watched 62. ____ wonderful performances p__ on by students from different classes. 63. ____ The ceremony was over, but it has made me _____ that I 64. ___
have ______（成长）up and I am supposed to shoulder the responsibility 65. ___ ___
答案：. 56.attended 57.whose 58.First 59. showing\expressing
60.great 61.congratulations 62.future 63.put 64. realize\aware
Many high schools and colleges with a football team in the United States usually have a homecoming day. This can be the most important event of the year next to graduation. Students plan homecoming day for many weeks. When the day arrives，they begin before dawn to decorate the schools. There are signs to wish luck to the team and many other signs to welcome back the graduates from other years. Many people still come to homecoming clubs build booths and sell lemonade，apples or sandwiches. Some clubs help to welcome visitors. During the day people like to look for teachers that they remember from long ago. Often they see old friends and they talk together about those happy years in school. Everyone soon comes
to watch the football game. When the game is half over，the band comes onto the field and plays school songs. Another important moment is when the homecoming queen/king appears. All the students vote for another student who is popular. It is a great honor to become______________. Homecoming is a happy day. Even if the team loses，the students still enjoy homecoming. Some stay at the school to dance，and others go to a party. For everyone it is a day to remember for a long，long time.
1. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.) _____________________________________________________________________________
2. Of all the events，what are the two things that all the students do on this day? (Please answer within 15words.)
3. Please fill in the blank with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.)
4. Why do the students still enjoy homecoming even if the team loses? (Please answer within 15 words.)
5. Translate the underlined sentence into Chinese.
1. Homecoming Day
2. Watching the football game and voting for homecoming queen or king.
3. homecoming queen or king.
4. Because they come to meet their teachers or classmates and have fun.
Look forward to your reply.
I'm Li Hua, a Chinese student taking summer courses in your found my courses interesting. I have no class on Tuesday mornings and Friday afternoons. Please let me know which day is OK with you. You may email or phone me. Here are my email address and phone number: firstname.lastname@example.org; 12345678.