鲁滨逊漂流记论文

鲁滨逊漂流记论文

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范文一:鲁滨逊漂流记论文,

The reasons that Robinson succeeds in living in the deserted island

 Abstract

Crusoe can come back from desert island alive, because of his innovation and contentment.Nowadays, the spirit of innovation is good for the college students and the teachers and students in high school. The satisfaction of life is a good philosophy of life for people to consider the relation between wealth and happiness.

 Author

Daniel Defoe (1660-1731), an English author, is the founder of the realistic novel, and is regarded as the “father of novel”. The theme in his novels mainly covers man’s overcoming tribulations through his wisdom, courage and efforts. Defoe’s works are full of complicated plot, which are of high readability. Those works all present an overall view of the general mood of society filled with adventurous spirit and struggle. Of all Defoe’s works, Robinson Crusoe is well known throughout the world and the hero Robinson has become a typical figure to fight against tribulations. Hence, Defoe has been looked upon as one of the England’s novel’s founders, the first important novelist in the English literary history.

 Content abstract

The Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe is a famous novel in British literature. It tells some adventures of Robinson, the most adventurous one is his life on an isolated island.

The Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe tells a story about a young man named Robinson Crusoe. In fact, he lives a comfortable life before his first sailing. But he is persisted in sailing with his friend at the first time. During this sailing, they are caught in a storm. Fortunately, they land safely. But he does not reconcile himself to an insipid life. Then, he continues to go sailing. This time, their ship is attacked by pirates. After that, he sails to Africa, they are caught in hurricane. What a pity! Only he is alive, but he is on an isolated island. There are no other people on this island or around the island. Beyond all expectation, he uses the tools and seeds which he gets from the sunken ship to create houses, makes clothes and grows crops. He has enough food to eat, such as rice, mutton, grapes and fish. He yet does not concern himself about his clothes.

Robinson lives there comfortable and healthy, with his courage and belief. He

creates something with simple and crude tools miraculously. In his spare time, he read Bile. God always blesses him, like the most story and movie. Hero comes back to England at the end of the novel

 Key word Isolated Robinson Crusoe Innovation Satisfaction

 The subject

Almost everyone has ever read The Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Everybody thought that such a problem? The reasons that Robinson succeeds in living in the deserted island. I think should be the spirit of innovation and

satisfaction of life. At present, the world develops quickly.But gradually, it speeds down. Without any activity, it has no impetus to develop.

The experience of Robinson corresponds with the structure of desolated island characteristics. He does not cower, and seeks for survival by his endeavor. He spends several months making a canoe. After finishing this work, he finds that it needs twelve years to dig a river and put into sea. He has to give that canoe up. But, he still cuts down tree to make another canoe near the sea. It takes him two years. He finds a little seed of rice by accident, and then he sows some. Because he does not do it at right time, he cannot get a good harvest. He does not lose heart, and sows some seed again. He is not bored with working. Without anybody’s help on an isolated island he creates his implements of production, food, houses and clothes.

Robinson has stayed alone on the isolated island for more than twenty eight years. On the hand, the spirit of creativity affords him food, cloth, house and daily instruments. On the other hand, he contents himself with that style of life. In more than twenty years, other people can do many things. Nowadays, computer can be replaced about nine generations. But the only thing he does is to survive. He gives up unreal conception. On the contrary he lives as usual: growing crop and feeding sheep. He almost does the same thing from day to day, year to year. At the beginning, he complains to God about his miserable life. As the time went on, he calms down. He expresses his gratitude to God who makes him survive the storm. Besides, Robinson is a man with great creativity and working capacity. He had spent more than 20 years

on the isolated island. In order to survive, he ceaselessly thought about how to get enough food. During those years, Robinson learned to raise goats and plant plants. He also learned to make furniture by himself. When he left the island 28 years later, the island was much like a manor or an island country.

Jin Liuchun mentions that if Robinson did not get the necessity of life, maybe he would be eaten by the animal or savages(金留春,1979). The things he gets from the ship are necessary to Robison’s survival, especially the kinds of tools. Having these tools from the civilized society, he does not need to create tools from Stone Age. He can create tools at a high level. Besides that, he gets other things from the sunken ship, such as canvas, rope and board. These also are the basic things of his life. Therefore, he can live there comfortable, having safe houses, abundant food, and warm clothes. The notion of survival, enemy and friend, enterprise, and self-defense are all taken to the desolated island by Robinson. So the individual is not the starting point of historical development.

So,the reasons that Robinson can succeed in living on the deserted island is mainly that his creativity and contentment.If he is no content,he will commit suicidle because of moodiness.If he does not go to innovate and not utilize the stools to invent,he will starve to death or be killed by wild animas or savage.Thanks to the two kinds of spirits he owns and the use of that,he is able to be alive.Besides his bravery and intelligence,what I think the most is his creativity.Making instruments,boats and furniture and so on.All of these is the fundamental conditions.Therefore,why he can leave the island relies on his ability rather than the fortune.

 Conclusion

From The Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, the author draws a conclusion that Robinson Crusoe has the spirit of innovation and satisfaction of the life. He is a figure in the novel, but his spirit also applies to the people who live in the real world.

Resently, the society has developped quickly. But gradually, its speed slows down. Because in China, many people are short of energe. So the spirit of innovation should be advocated, especially that of the youth. The innovation can be used many aspects , such as hunting for a job, teaching and learning English. Graduates can use it to solve the problem of employment. The teachers and students in high school can use it to get a better result from teaching and learning. The innovation also can make the society full of vitality, and make people earn more money.

And now, people’s standard of living and way of life has been raised a lot. But

many people are not satisfied with their life. They still seek for much wealth and fame. At last, they have negative results. There is an idea of satisfaction fromThe Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Therefore, they should take satisfaction of life as their phylosophy of life. Satisfaction makes them enjoy their life.

Having both of them, people will be more happy, the society will be more harmonious.

 Bibliography

[1] 金留春. 资产阶级海外拓殖民者的形象—读《鲁宾逊漂流记》[M] 南昌:江西人民出版 社, 1979.

[2] Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe, (World Publishing Corporation, 2005)

[3] 苏畅,张鹏. 笛福与《鲁宾逊漂流记》[M] 北京:中国少年儿童出版社, 2001.

范文二:鲁滨逊漂流记论文

鲁滨逊人性中的闪光点

——浅谈对《鲁滨逊漂流记》主人公的分析

摘要:英国作家丹尼尔·笛福的著作《鲁滨逊漂流记》成功塑造了鲁滨逊这个极具个性色彩的典型人物形象。鲁滨逊在孤岛上度过了长达二十八年的岁月生涯,克服重重困难,创造生命奇迹,充分展现出了他人性中的闪光点:敢于挑战现状,追求梦想、发挥才智,勤劳务实、坚毅顽强,持之以恒和心态积极,心怀感恩。正是这些闪光点,照亮了鲁滨逊的人生之路,赋予人物形象极大的光辉。本文便对鲁滨逊人性中的闪光点进行具体的了解与分析。

关键词:鲁滨逊、人性、闪光点

《鲁滨逊漂流记》是英国作家丹尼尔·笛福的代表作,是18世纪英国现实主义小说的奠基作。作品主要反映了资产阶级上升时期要求“个性自由”,发挥个人才智,用于冒险,追求财富的进取精神。主人公鲁滨逊为追求财富,追逐梦想,舍弃了安逸的家庭生活,冒险出海,其中历经千难万险,最后漂流到一座孤岛上,开始了长达二十八年的孤独生涯。在岛上,他凭着惊人的毅力、顽强的意志以及自己勤劳的双手,用劳动战胜自然,用才智克服困难,成为荒岛主人,获得生的希望。最后他离开了孤岛,重返故土。

不仅情节生动,小说所塑造的鲁滨逊这个人物形象,更是深深地打动了读者。面对人生的困境以及命运的考验,鲁滨逊的所想所为,都展现出他人性中的闪光点,也正是由于这些闪光点,使得他突破重重困难,掌握生存法则,进而掌控了自身命运、实现人生梦想。纵观全书,我们不难归纳出主人公人性中所具备的闪光之处:

一、 敢于挑战现状,追求梦想

鲁滨逊出身于中产阶级家庭,他的父亲一直规劝他要满足于现状的生活,不要总志向于出海,认为“中产阶级处于一种最佳的生活方式的状态,可以享尽人世间的幸福和快乐”。[1]若他留在家乡,凭借家人的帮助和自己的努力,他便可以过上一种宁静而淡泊的幸福生活。最终鲁滨逊还是不甘于这样平庸,他内心一

直怀揣着去出海发家的梦想,这个梦想驱使他去过冒险与挑战的海外生活。他毅然舍弃安逸舒适的生活状态,私自离家出海航行,开始了艰辛与不幸的海上旅程。后来他经过努力在巴西获得了自己的庄园,发展前景颇好,他本可自此停下漂泊的脚步安居乐业,然后他仍念念不忘他梦想中的追求,认为这与他喜欢的生活完全想法。最后他还是再次踏上了冒险的海上之旅。他又因遇难沦落到荒岛上,经过努力最初的困难被克服之后,他又不甘于安乐现状,仍努力扩充自己的事业。

从这里我们可以看出鲁滨逊对梦想的执着,他不安于享乐,敢于挑战现状的勇气。鲁滨逊的这种精神,也体现了资本主义意识形态中的发挥个人才智。敢于冒险追求财富的精神,体现了资本主义上升时期资产阶级的创业精神,具备典型的时代特色。

二、 发挥才智,勤劳务实

这座荒岛完全是一个不毛之地,鲁滨逊初到之时,到处一片荒凉场景,这种生活环境的逆转对他来说也是一种考验。然而,他并没有我们所认为的那种纨绔与娇惯之心,反而是以自己的聪明才智去投入劳动中去。“他充分发挥自己的聪明才智,辛勤务实,为开创一片崭新的天地而努力着,从优越的生活环境中走出,成为一名实干家。”[2]他自己搭建房子,为自己筑造巢穴。他试着打猎、种粮食、圈养山羊、晒葡萄干来满足自己的食物需求。为了穿衣,他学会了用动物皮毛裁制衣服。为了出行,他自己建造独木舟。他还在探索中做桌椅、做陶罐、做面包、做伞等等来满足自己生存的需要。经历重重考验,成为全方面发展的“人才”。他便初步积累了财富,过上了相对舒适的生活,让自己的衣食住行条件完备,能在极端恶劣的条件下得以生存。解决基本生活问题后,鲁滨逊便继续为扩大财富而努力。他冒险帮助土著野人“星期五”逃脱险境,赢得了一个忠实的奴仆,这使得他获得了帮手与伙伴。他们一同解救俘虏,为他最后逃离孤岛打下了基础。

面对人生困境,鲁滨逊极度发挥自己的聪明才智,让自己能在恶劣条件下生存,在荒无人烟的荒岛上创造了自己的王国。他辛勤务实,不断探索,显示出一种英雄主义精神境界,体现出一种创造精神和开拓精神。

三、 坚毅顽强,持之以恒

“‘我的脾气是只要做一件事,不成功绝不会放手的。’这是鲁滨逊的信条。”

[3]要在荒岛上生存,一切从零开始,鲁滨逊遇到许许多多的麻烦,完全靠自己的

双手去劳动。经验的缺乏以及条件的恶劣,使得他很多事情要花很长的时间,白费力的事情也是常见的。然而他坚毅顽强的性格并没有使他放弃,他一次次总结失败经验吸取教训,来获得理想的成果。比如他第一次种植庄稼的时候,因为时节不对,使得颗粒无收。他便吸取教训,持之以恒,继续钻研,于是下一次的种植中便获得了良好的收成,解决了他吃饭问题的隐患。他在荒岛中开辟的天地,倾注了他的心血,都是来之不易的。这得之不易的成就,与他坚毅顽强、持之以恒的性格是紧密相关的,正因如此,他才不厌其烦地劳动创造,改造自然,使自己安身立命。

四、 心态积极,心怀感恩

“鲁滨逊在孤岛上漫长的生涯中,虽然寂寞,但他没有让自己整天郁郁寡欢,没有影响自己生活的信念,而是在艰苦的条件下乐观而自足地生活着。”[4]他倾向于思考事情的积极面,以一种积极的心态去面对,在面对一个个难题时,他没有怨天尤人,没有被各种挫折打倒,他具备很高的心理承受能力,这是他的乐观主义精神在发挥作用。

而且,鲁滨逊还保留着一颗感恩的心。他阅读保存下来的《圣经》,虔诚地信奉上帝的恩泽,使自己拥有精神寄托,每当自己突破困难,便在内心真诚地感谢上帝的保护,并不介意自己的处境,仍会感激自己还能活在人间;鲁滨逊还感激着那些在他落难时帮助过他的人。他在走出困境,成为了腰缠万贯的富翁之后,做的第一件事,便是报答他最初的恩人——好心的老船长。用自己的财富会报答他当年的恩惠。当他有一次出海路过那时已有人安家的荒岛之时,他又向小岛送去新的移民,分给土地与日用品,甚是感人。

从鲁滨逊的所作所为,我们可以看出他的一处闪光点:心态积极、心怀感恩。这给予他传奇的人生经历一份柔性的色彩,他强韧的性格背后保存着这样一份柔和的心态,使得他的人格特征更为完满,更贴近读者的心灵。

综上所述,《鲁滨逊漂流记》这部作品塑造了鲁滨逊这样一位充满梦想勇气非凡、坚忍不拔的人物典型。鲁滨逊流落荒岛二十八年的非凡经历,彰显了他人性中的闪光点:敢于挑战现状,追求梦想、发挥才智,勤劳务实、坚毅顽强,持之以恒和心态积极,心怀感恩。这些人性中的闪光点,不仅照亮了鲁滨逊的人生

之路,而且给予我们以更深刻的领悟,启迪着我们怀揣梦想,敢于向逆境斗争,创造出人生的辉煌!

参考文献:

[1]. 丹尼尔·笛福. 鲁滨逊漂流记[M]. 北京:文化艺术出版社,2004: 5

[2]. 王艳. 论《鲁滨逊漂流记》中的主人公的形象塑造[J]. 美与时代,2006,5: 71—72

[3]. 位美娅. 浅析《鲁滨逊漂流记》中主人公的圆梦之路[J]. 赤峰学院学报,2011,3: 83—84

[4]. 李长霞. 《鲁滨逊漂流记》主人公的个性剖析及现实意义[J]. 新乡学院学报,2011,5: 55—57

范文三:鲁滨逊漂流记论文

归 档 号:H223-2016-JX17-550

武汉工商学院毕业论文(设计)

学院: 经济与商务外语学院

专业: 英语 年级: 2012级

学生: 李明灿 学号:1205080301

指导教师: 刘芬 职称: 副教授

题目:How Character Influences Fate in Robinson Crusoe

从《鲁滨逊漂流记》中看性格对命运的影响

2016年4月30日

武汉工商学院

本科毕业论文(设计)原创性声明

本人郑重声明:所呈交的论文是本人在导师的指导下独立进行

研究所取得的研究成果。除了文中特别加以标注引用的内容外,本论文不包含任何其他个人或集体已经发表或撰写的成果作品。本人完全意识到本声明的法律后果由本人承担。

作者签名:

年月日

Acknowledgements

I would like to express my gratitude to all those who helped me during the writing of this thesis. My deepest gratitude goes first to Professor Liu, my supervisor, for her constant encouragement and guidance. She has walked me through all the stages of the writing of this thesis. Without her consistent and illuminating instruction, this thesis could not have reached its present form. Second, thanks are also due for help ways to other teachers, for their lectures during my studies, which have laid the solid foundation for my studies, and to all my friends and classmates, who have shown their concerns and help which have made my studies more bearable.

Last but not least, I feel very grateful to my family for their selfness and persistent support for my studies.

从《鲁滨逊漂流记》中看性格对命运的影响

摘 要

《鲁滨逊漂流记》是笛福最最杰出的作品。讲述了主人公鲁滨逊在荒岛上独自生活了28年的故事。他通过自己不轻言放弃、坚忍不拔的精神,与大自然作抗争,最终存活下来,并回到了自己的家乡。本论文通过对《鲁滨逊漂流记》相关材料的收集和研究,从性格与命运的关系来研究原著。在物质生活必需品匮乏和没有安全保障的情况下,鲁滨逊独自在孤岛上生活了二十八年。通过对原著以及相关书记的研究很好的解释了鲁滨逊能幸存下来的原因,不难得到正是因为他的不放弃生的希望,不断创新,坚持不懈,才使得他得以幸存下来,并创造自己的王国。这个物欲横流、金钱至上、经济腾飞的时代,相较于前人所研究的乌托邦,18世纪的英国社会等研究,主人公面对不幸越挫越勇,将不利变为有利,将绊脚石变垫脚石的态度,更值得当代人去学习。人们可以学习主人公的努力劳动,坚持不懈,不断创新,从不言弃,从而创造属于自己的美好明天。

关键词:《鲁滨逊漂流记》; 积极;性格;不幸;坚持不懈;命运

How Character Influences Fate in Robinson Crusoe

Abstract

Robinson Crusoe is the first and the most outstanding novel written by Daniel Defoe, which narrates the hero, Robinson lived a live in a isolate island alone for 28 years. With his spirit of never give up and persistence, he fought against natural adversity and survived in such situation and finally returned his hometown. This paper aims to study and expresses the famous novel by the relationship between character and fate based on relevant materials. With the lacking of the necessities on his living and without any guarantee of his life, Robinson Crusoe lived on an isolated island for almost 28 years. Based on the study of the original book and other related books, it is easy to make a conclusion that Robinson could survived and created his own kingdom was due to his hard working, never giving up the hope of survival, still thinking a lot of creating and remorseless. However, in this money-centered, money-paramount and high-speed boom period, compared with Utopia, the society of the 18thcentury in English and studies written by other authors, the attitude of the hero‘s dealing with the adversity rightly, turning the adversity into advantage, and turning the stumbling stone into stepping stone are more useful for people to learn. People could create a better future by learning the hero‘s hard working, persistence, creativity and never giving up.

Key words:Robinson Crusoe; Positive; Characters; Adversity; Persistence; Fate

Contents

Acknowlegements ...................................................................................................i 摘 要 ....................................................................................................................... ii Abstract ................................................................................................................... iii

1.Introduction ......................................................................................................... 1

2. Literature Review…………………………………………………………..…2

3. How Character Influences Fate in Robinson Crusoe ............................ 3

3.1 Hard working VS Success .................................................................. 3

3.2 Persistence VS Adversity .................................................................... 4

3.3 Never giving up VS Satisfaction ........................................................ 5

4. Enlightenment from Robinson Crusoe ....................................................... 6

4.1Make a good plan ................................................................................ 6

4.2 Have a good thinking .......................................................................... 7

4.3 Never give up ...................................................................................... 8

5. Conclusion ........................................................................................................... 8 Bibliography…………………………………………………………....................10

1. Introduction

Robinson Crusoe is the first and the most outstanding novel written by Daniel Defoe. If ever the story of any private man‘s adventure in the world were worth making public, and were the acceptable when published, Robinson Crusoe will be so. Robinson Crusoe, which is known as the first true novel in English, is a text much maligned by certain critics on the left. It is, however, not a novel that unambiguously extols the virtues of the bourgeois life. (Marx criticized Robinson Crusoe as a celebration of bourgeois individualism. Crusoe survives alone and lives alone: bourgeois individualists are ‗Robinsonades‘.) To be honest, Robinson lives off the wreckage of a ship- a ‗civilization‘ which had imprisoned Daniel Defoe a lot. Defoe was a self-made man. During his early years as a businessman, he travelled widely on the continent and learned half a dozen European languages. He had an active mind and showed extraordinary energy, taking interests in a great many things. These traits are just showed on Robinson.

There is no doubt that Robinson Crusoe is a great hero written by Daniel Defoe. Though Robinson is myth, he tells people the truth that we should fight against adversity properly. Robinson Crusoe‘s life is full of magic stories. He was born in a good family in the city of York. Once his father said, ―It was the best state in the world, the most suited to human happiness, not exposed to the miseries and hardships, the labor and sufferings of the mechanic part of mankind and not embarrassed with the pride, luxury, ambition, and envy of the upper part of mankind.‖ (Daniel Defoe, 1997) But owing to his rambling thoughts about sailing, he took sail as a job against his parents‘ willingness. However, unfortunately, he was caught by Turkish buccaneers and became a slave at the African shore. Because of the unbearable life, he luckily escaped from his Patron in a boat. Then he was saved by a freighter. And he was sent to Brazil safely.

The purpose of this paper is to discuss how character influences a person‘s life and fate, especially the positive characters.And how people make full use of those characters and keep a path towards their satisfactory and successfullife and career.

2. Literature Review

When discussing about the characters based on Robinson Crusoe, most aim to illustrate and express that how characters of the hero influence his life. For instance, He Yang(2000)conveys his idea that this fabulous novel compares the hero‘s complicated characters through describing his attitude and reations toward different situations. Such as diligence, selfishness, hypocrisy, strength, etc. Moreover, Zhang Tiannan(2015)and Huang Shouyou(2002)discussed that the miracle Robinson created was owing to his personal characters. Huang places an emphasis on the hero‘s image---- a typical ―ideal‖ bourgeois individual who is equipped with diligence and rigorous spirit, and praises his personal value and rational thoughts. Besides, like Zhao Kun(2014)said in his recent book, this novel is popular among public results from respect and admire to Robinson who fought against natural difficulties bravely and successfully. On the other hand, he describes that it is instrumental and conducive to educate teenagers‘ personalities and minds. Since those characters Robinson possessed, he lived more than 20 years alone in an isolate island. When facing with adversity and formidable difficulties, Robinson managed to take active measures to tackle them and adapted himself to that environment. Those researches have discussed the personalities and influence on Robinson‘s life, which is helpful for readers to learn.

This thesis will analyze the image of Robinson from the perspective of his positive character. To some extent, there is no doubt that his positive characters have a greatimpact on today‘s people from all walks and life. It is quite understand that we can learn a lesson from his experience. Apart from these studies and analysis, what I want to mention is that the positive image of Robinson, also his favorable spirit still have significant and educational meaning in modern day.

3. How Character Influences Fate in Robinson Crusoe

3.1 Hardworking VS Success

In the novel, the hard work of Robinson shows the characters of human labor. When he took the remained things from the ship which had not sunk into the ocean enough, he expected the utilities of everything he took onshore. Till he had fastened his raft to be strong enough to bear any reasonable weight, then he care about what to load it with and how to preserve what he lain upon it from the surf of the sea. Firstly, he loaded provision such as some bread, rice, three Dutch cheeses, and five pieces of dried goatskin flash, which he would live much upon. He then found some clothes for they might keep him out of cold which made him out of cold. The thing that he wanted most was the carpenter‘s chest, in which there were many valuable tools, for his purpose of cultivating the island for survival. Then he cared about some ammunition and arms, because they could protect themselves from being attacked by dangerous animals.

When Robinson recognized he was the only one survived on the island, he began to consider the security of himself while he was abandoned on a desert island. Honestly, he was flopped into a primitive state from his capitalist society. Though he had brought necessities from the ship, however, they also could turn to be limited for him to live on the island, for it was not a single or two days. So he had to explore the nature and made himself secured on the island. Robinson was actually a man in the primitive society with the concept of bourgeoisie. Engels said Robinson was a real capitalist. He felt fortunate to find himself was still alive, however, the fear struck into his mind that he might be attacked by some dangerous animals.

To keep in safety, the first response is to keep a distance from danger. It is also the effective way and the only way to preserve one‘s life in desperation. Robinson got up

into a thick bushy tree which was near him, and where he resolved to sit all night, and considered ―what death he should dye‖ he cut a short stick for his defense before he got sleep. First step of the building by Robinson, his habitation was just like a country, and seeked a proper place to live where his goods could be stored from whatever might happen. When he got a raft to get necessities from the sinking ship, he was ―under some apprehensions during my absence from the land, that at least my provisions might be devoured on shore‖ having finished his transportation of provisions, he returned to his tent where ―I lay with all my wealth about me very secure‖ he built study fence and door not only for the purpose of protecting himself, but also for the insurance of his wealth. (Daniel Defoe, 1997). What he had done guaranteed his safety on the desert island.

Robinson is the asset with the enterprising spirit. The first problem that he need solve is survival. He firmly believes his own strength. He believes that "a person just afford to sit, not utopian own thing, there is no use," hands to do, to open up for him is an "absolute truth." In order to the necessities in the sinking ship, he has painstakingly over thirty or forty times around the board; in order to do a floor, he was willing to spend 42 days; in order to build a place of refuge, he tented tree fences, and opened the cave;in order to make their living more comfortable, he domesticated wild animals, through plantations and pastures. After all these had been done, he finally created his own "little kingdom", this little kingdom, in addition to the lack of assistants, is nothing lacking.

3.2 Persistence VS Adversity

Twenty-eight years is just a long time. How many twenty-eight years are there in all one‘s life? It is difficult to live on a desert island without necessities for a person for such a long time. The living condition is beyond imagination. But luckily Robinson survived. Robinson is not a person who was born with courage to face up to the adversity. He is not a man who wishes for living stably. Owing to his rebellious thoughts about sailing, he has to confront ever-present various adversities. Why can he deal with the adversity well? Persistence is the most important factor. The reason why Robinson could survive did not due to his good luck, but his attitudes towards the adversities. He did never give up the

hope of survival still thought a lot of creating and remorseless, and finally created a better place for himself.

His perseverance in spending months making a canoe, and in practicing pottery making until he gets it right, is praiseworthy. Additionally, his resourcefulness in building a home, dairy, grape,county house, and goat stable from practically nothing is clearly remarkable. These all are Robinson‘s developments in the islands. Under this kind of enterprising spirit, the entire island has already been regarded as his own territory. Therefore, he improves the island into a homeland.

It is like Robinson said that upon the whole, there was an undoubted testimony, which there was the worst condition in the world so miserable, but there was something negative or something positive to be thankful for in it; and let this stand as a direction from the experience of the most miserable of all conditions in the world, that we may always find in it something to comfort ourselves from and to set in the description of good and evil on the credit side of the account. If a person wants to get out of trouble, he must know how to deal with adversity properly. It is just as an old saying goes that know yourself as well as the enemy, then to be ever–victorious general. People who do not want to change the condition in plight will not get out of the adversity. Otherwise people who live in adversity are eager for chances. Chances belong to those who are prepared for them. One who is always negative and waits for the chance without considering the future or creating the chance will be beaten finally.

3.3 Never giving up VS Satisfaction

Even though Robinson got necessities from the ship that wrecked, he was still lack of something, such as a table and a chair, and etc. When he was in trouble that lacking of necessity, he did not lose his heart of making those necessities, which made a distinction between human and animals. Engels said that never can an ape make a knife even if a stone knife of awful shape.

Firstly, he had no idea how to measure the time. He did not have any calendar so that he only could write down the date in his mind. What made it worse was that

Robinson could not find a pen or a piece of paper. So he used a knife to carve on the stones and trees. Without a table, Robinson could not write and eat, as well as do other things. And he used what he had to make these necessities. He achieved to make a table and chairs though it took him a lot of time and labor. And as soon as Robinson found himself need a basket, though he failed again and again. But he still tried as possible as he could. With the careful observing, he found the twigs which were as tough as the osiers in England. Then he tried again to make a basket with the twigs. Eventually he succeeded.

People will not as fortunate as Robinson who was persistent for such a long time. Facing with adversity with persistence, and people will win at last.

In trouble, people should look squarely at it, and then they can overcome it. Making the determination to overcome the difficulty and making persistent efforts, people will find that the adversity can be overcome easily. Just as the saying goes: persistence is victory. Only if one is remitting to the end, he will get to the summit of victory. People can draw the conclusion that persistence leads to the final success. So take actions and be persistent. Don‘t just come up with an ambitious plan and wait for a proper date to get a start.

4. Enlightenment from Robinson Crusoe

According to the analysis on the positive characters of Robinson, undoubtedly we can get enlightenment from his story and his favorable merits as follow:

4.1 Make a good plan

It is said that a plan is a good guider. It plays an important role in work. When one is in trouble, to make a plan for the future becomes important and necessary than ever before. People must have a plan to help them finish all the things. There are some advantages of making a plan. Firstly, a plan can help people save a lot of time. It makes people know which must be done first and which can be done second. Secondly, a plan

can help people do things better. A good order of doing things makes people happier and relaxed. People can do things quickly and efficiently and they will be interested in everything they do and want to do more. Thirdly, small plans will help people know how to make a big plan — a life study plan. So if people want to make his life better and better, he should plan all the things he will do, and at last make a good plan for his own life.

People who do not want to change the condition in plight will not get out of the adversity. Otherwise people who live in adversity are eager for chances. Chances belong to those who are prepared for them. One who is always negative and waits for the chance without considering the future or creating the chance will be beaten finally.

Only by recognizing the adversity properly can one make constant efforts in practice to get out of adversity. Adversity has its special meaning. It is different from trifles in the daily life. Adversity refers to a state of misfortune or affliction in one‘s life, such as misfortune of a family, the attack of the natural disasters and something like these which brings affliction to the body and mind. Adversity can be changed. To some extent, if one can recognize the adversity properly, take advantage of the chance, create the condition and change the bad factors into the good ones, he can change adversity into a good state and turn a stumbling stone into a stepping one.

4.2Have a good thinking

People always make a contrast between ―discovery‖ and ―invention‖ when they talk about good thinking. Good thinking means the introduction of new things, ideas or ways of doing something. People believed that to find something new and invent something new is to bring forth new ideas.However,on the whole, to bring forth new ideas contains invention and discovery. Moreover they also contain the methods to solve the problem in life and work, and new points of view to treat the problems.

If a person does not know how to adapt the new environment, and he lacks the ability to be flexible, he will be lost himself in the trouble. Good thinking was a way to help people to solve the problem and get out of the trouble quickly. In the book, Robinson always thought of something new when he was in difficulties. If he did

everything with fixed rule, he would not create the necessities that he needed in need. Thanks to his ability to bring forth new ideas, he solved many problems, which helped him overcome the adversity. When people are confronting some troublesome problem, they should try to break away from conventions, and think about the problem from a new prospective, which may help to solve it more quickly.

4.3Never give up

There is an old saying that failure is the path of least persistence. Anyone will get into trouble and feel terrible. If a personlacks of purpose and willpower, he will be destroyed by the adversity. When people are in trouble, they may give up either at the beginning or half way. Victory always belongs to those who dare to challenge with the difficulty. They get to know the meaning and value of life, and feel the happiness of being successful. Robinson was abandoned on the island for twenty–eight years. He firmly believes his own strength. He believes that ―a person just afford to sit, not utopian own thing, there is no use,‖ hands to do, to open up for him is an ―absolute truth.‖In order to make a floor, he was willing to spend 42days; in order to make their own life very rich, he domesticated wild animals, through plantations and pastures. Robinson had been worked hard and at last he was saved.

In trouble, people should look squarely at it, and then they can overcome it. Making the determination to overcome the difficulty and making persistent efforts, people will find that the adversity can be overcome easily. Just as the saying goes: persistence is victory. Only if one is remitting to the end, he will get to the summit of victory. People can draw the conclusion that persistence leads to the final success. Sotake actions and be persistent. Don‘t just come up with an ambitious plan and wait for a proper date to get a start.

5. Conclusion

Robinson Crusoe‘s life in adversity impressed readers a lot. He measured to conquer the adversity and created his own splendid life. Even though the story was overstated, the author gained a good deal of enlightenment from a Scotland sailor in 18th century, and then wrote this story. This shows that there is a real story.Robinson‘s attitudes towards adversity tell people that adversity is not one that is impossible to be overcome. Only if one has the courage to overcome it, and he or she has the proper attitudes and methods towards it, he or she will get out of it and create the splendor of his own life.

Nowadays people live in an ascendant life. And they will not have the experiences like Robinson‘s. But people will certainly come across some different adversity. When people are in an adversity, they should not be beaten by it. President Obama said in 2010: ―The truth is being successful is hard. These people succeeded because they understood that you can‘t let your failures beat you---you have to let your failures teach you. No one born being good at all things. You become good at things through hard work. Don‘t be afraid to ask question. Don‘t be afraid to ask for help when you need it.Don‘t ever give up on yourself.‖They should face up to it calmly, not give up the hope, make plans for the future and be persistent. No pain, no gain. After coming through the adversity, one will find the beauty of life and feel the happiness of overcoming the difficulty. Hemingway says that life will never appear spindrift without adversity like a reef of the Ocean. So one should adjust our mentalities well to confront adversity and convert adversity into favorable circumstances. If one can confront adversity properly, his life will be more perfect and glorious.Heaven is not always blue; water is not always clear; grass is not always green; flower is not always colorful and life is not always plain sailing. Flower will fall and grass will be withered and yellow, but spring will give them vitality again. One should be courageous to fight, to take action, to pursue, to challenge the world. Failure will increase one‘s confidence and he will be successful at last. In trouble, people should look squarely at it, and then they can overcome it. Making the determination to overcome the difficulty and making persistent efforts, people will find that the adversity can be overcome easily. Just as the saying goes: persistence is victory.

Only if one is remitting to the end, he will get to the summit of victory. People can draw the conclusion that persistence leads to the final success. Sotake actions and be persistent. Don‘t just come up with an ambitious plan and wait for a proper date to get a start.

Bibliography

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范文四:《鲁滨逊漂流记》有感

最值得敬佩的地方就是鲁滨逊的人格魅力。他敢于冒险,勇于追求自由自在、无拘无束的生活。即使流落荒岛,也绝不气馁。在荒无人烟、缺乏最基本的生存条件的小岛上,他孤身一人,克服了许许多多常人无法想像的困难,以惊人的毅力顽强地活了下来。没有房子,他自己搭建;没有食物,他尝试着打猎、种谷子、驯养山羊;他还搭救了一个野人,给他取名为“星期五”。在他的教育下,“星期五”成了一个忠实的奴仆。就这样,鲁滨逊在荒岛上建立了自己的物质和精神王国。面对人生困境,鲁滨逊的所作所为,显示了一个硬汉子的坚毅性格和创造精神和开拓精神。拿我们销售来讲,先辈们打好基础,后来的接了市场,安于现状,不思进取,脑子都生锈了。但看鲁滨逊在孤岛上必须运用智慧才能存活。假如他当时安于现状,不到岛的另一边探索,就不会发现那边世外桃源似的果园;假如他没用勇气救船长,就会失去让他重新回到文明世界的难得的机遇。

从小就读过这本书,我一生很感悟的榜样——鲁滨逊。主人公鲁滨逊并不是现实生活中的,可是他所做的一切却很清晰,因为他都是用自己的双手做成的。刻画了鲁滨逊坚韧不拔地与大自然作斗争的顽强精神,不安于现状,勇于行动,勇于追求,不畏艰险,是开辟新天地的创造者。很多人都只想满足于现状,最好是不经过任何风波就过着幸福的生活,没有经过大风大浪的人是经不过任何打击和挑战的。真的是失败是成功之母。项目部的发展让我受益匪浅,真的也有相似之处。在如此艰难的情况下,能过上这样的生活,是很不容易的,这完全是他凭借自己的毅力和智慧创造的奇迹。鲁宾逊是一个善于帮助别人的人,星期五就是例子。从那以后,“星期五”就成为他忠实的伙伴。团队建设何尝不需要那些帮助别人成功的人。看完这本书,使我深受感动。一个人身陷绝境,竟能这样对生活充满信心,勇敢地面对生活,创造生活,实在是难能可贵的。使我认识到,人不论何时何地,不管遇到多大的困难,都不能被困难吓倒,始终保持一种积极向上、从容乐观的心态,去面对和挑战厄运。只有这样,才能像鲁滨逊那样成为工作生活的强者。才能挑战公司所赋予的重任。

项目部 谭关索

范文五:读《鲁滨逊漂流记》

一直没有阅读过此书的全文。多年前,就听说过鲁滨逊的故事,对他有一种莫名的钦佩。常常有一定要读一读此书的冲动,便买了这本书放在办公室。

    我常常在办公室放着几本书,在工作闲暇或者周末值义务班时,便拿出来读几页,这本书就是在断断续续的时间中读完的。

    《鲁滨逊漂流记》是"英国与欧洲的小说之父"丹尼尔·笛福(1660-1731)59岁时所著,受一个苏格兰水手被船长遗弃在荒岛4年而获救的真实故事启发而成。鲁滨逊的荒岛传奇,世间罕有,让人惊叹!正如原序中所说:"这是一个真实的故事,没有掺杂虚幻的成分,不管怎么想,这篇故事无论是作为消遣,还是作为教训都可以说是有益的。"该书发表后收到广泛欢迎。

    其故事情节不再赘述,仅谈谈读此书的几点体会。

    鲁滨逊在荒岛生活28年,面对渺茫的生存环境,以坚强的意志,克服重重困难,勤奋劳作,顽强生存,变不可能为可能。他自己制衣、种谷、圈地养羊、编框、砍树造船、晒葡萄干、搭建了两个"城堡",这一系列的创造发明似乎证明了达尔文的进化论,让人想起了毛泽东说过的:"世上无难事,只要肯登攀"的豪言壮语。其经历让人钦佩和惊叹,给人鼓舞。面对这面历史的铜镜,让我们看到很多人一遇到困难和挫折,就当逃兵,就打退堂鼓,就条件反射式的阳萎,强调客观原因,而不去发掘自身的主观能动性和创造性,体现在工作上就是死气沉沉,按部就班,推一下动一下,即使拥有再优越的条件,在他们手里也会慢慢退化,不仅浪费宝贵资源,其办事效率常常事倍功半。

    鲁滨逊身处绝境,不怨天尤人,常常自我反省,对上苍怀有一颗感恩之心。正如他自己所说:"人们不管处在什么样的生活条件下,如果同那些处境不如他们的人相比,他们就会非常知足,人生在世也不会抱怨冲天了,而如果总是同那些处境比自己更好的人相比,他们当然就会牢骚满腹,叫苦不迭。"正是有这样的思想作主导,所以,当鲁滨逊被海浪冲上荒岛,发现只剩下自己孤零零一个人时,没有过多的怨天尤人,而是为别人都葬身大海而他一个人独活而感谢上帝,在荒岛生活的每一份收获都对上苍怀有虔诚的感恩之心,虽然这些收获都是他一个人艰苦卓绝的劳作。试想现在有些人,一遇到不顺心的事,或者做错了事,不是自我检讨,面对事实承担责任,更不是站在他人的角度全面的思考问题,而是怨天怨地,指责他人,自己都是对的,都是别人的错。对得到的利益、情感,不管自己有没有资格得到,都认为是自己应该得到的,都是别人应该给予的,自己相当于拣到了"天下掉下个林妹妹",该自己走运,而不是想着自己如何去付出,去报答、去感恩……这样的人,就是掉在蜜罐里,也感觉不到甜味。

    另外,此书构思巧妙,丹尼尔·笛福用生动逼真的细节把鲁滨逊28年虚构的荒岛传奇写得使人身临其境,仿佛他的一切生活细节都非常真实的被我们一一看见,我们似乎可以见证他经历荒岛的风风雨雨。译者赵龙先生对作品把握全面,翻译的语言自然流畅,通俗易懂,可读性强。

    二百多年过去了,感谢丹尼尔·笛福。

范文六:读《鲁滨逊漂流记》

作者:[英] 丹尼尔·笛福  出版时间:1719年

  读《鲁滨逊漂流记》最大的收获就是,它教会了我们如何活,更教会了我们如何生。

  活着的是躯体,生活着的是灵魂

  活着的人仅仅是要保住性命,而生活的人却是想着如何力求完美。

  《鲁滨逊漂流记》是18世纪英国四大著名小说家之一的丹尼尔·笛福的代表作,是笛福文学创作的里程碑,同时也是英国文学史上第一部现实主义小说。作品一出版就风靡英国,特别是在水手、士兵、小商贩、小工匠及其他小资产者中广为传阅。甚至有人将这本书与《圣经》相提并论。

  在此后的200多年中,鲁滨逊这一形象为巨人所周知。他是一个不安于现状,勇于追求,不畏艰险,按照现代文明的模式开辟新天地的创造者,一个独自创造文明的英雄。当他面对一个未曾有过人类足迹的荒岛,一个隐蔽深幽、阴森恐怖的荒岛,所有的读者都会以为他会就此被荒岛夺去生命。然而鲁滨逊却那般坚强地活下来了,因为他始终认为,老天永远对每一个人公平。在他踏上荒岛的那一刻,我们似乎能感到死神正一步步接近他,当我们在深叹命运的阴险狡诈,惋惜一位不安于平凡生活的有志青年就此消失时,会惊讶地发现───荒岛非但没有使他倒下,反而让他更坚强。

  鲁滨逊的奋斗史是人类文明史的寓言和缩影。主人公为了生存在荒岛上与自然搏斗,靠信念、靠毅力、靠一种精神,这就是作品至今不失光彩的原因。丹尼尔·笛福在他快年届六十时创作了这部妙趣横生、雅俗共赏、老少咸宜的传记体小说,也为自己博得了“英国和欧洲小说之父”的美誉。

  活着是一种存在的状态,相对于死。而生活却是沣着的一种姿态,相对于生存。在人类漫长的历史长河中,芸芸人生所能追求的也公是活着,平安地活着,现在当活着已经不再是问题的时候,我们希望我们是在生活!生活,简言之,你活出了色彩,活出了自我,活出了精神,活出了思想,从而就活出美丽。活着的人仅仅是要保住性命,而生活的人却是想着如何力求完美。读《鲁滨逊漂流记》最大的收获就是“它教会我们如何活,更教会我们如何生”。

  当孤独、寂寞、无助缠绕在你身边时,你是否会绝望,感慨造物弄人,甚至在极度绝望中会寻短见。困境是可怕的,但生活中必须存在战胜绝望渡过困境之人。鲁滨逊是当之无愧的强者,将对人生的绝望化为对生命的渴望,化为对未来的希望。他孤独,他寂寞,他无助,但他有一个坚毅的信念:“活着就可以出去。”

  人一生下来就是一个不断经历苦难的历程,这个历程永远没有边界。鲁滨逊是当之无愧的强者,将对人生的绝望化为对生命的渴望,化为对未来的希望。《鲁滨逊漂流记》使人振奋,其魅力在于鼓励人们积极地追求理想;尽管书中多了艺术家的热忱与抒情,但是它告诉我们一个道理:当处境艰难的时候,每个人都只能忘记科学与进步,只有独创性与人的奋斗精神才能提供生存的条件和拯救的希望。

  绝望来自于我们内心的感受,而感受是能够改变的。这个人一蹶不振的挫折,却可以刺激另一个人付诸行动。在困境中,你看到的是要吞噬的野兽,还是照亮前方的熊熊希望之火───这由你决定。鲁滨逊就是这样说的:“我默认天意的安排,现在我开始占有这种安排,开始相信一切安排已是最佳。”

范文七:我读《鲁滨逊漂流记》

小时候听鲁滨逊的故事,长大了读鲁滨逊的故事,感觉和心情是不一样的。小时候有的是对他的崇敬和对他探险的向往,长大了是对他的理解和感激!

        他是个平凡的人,但他却做出了不平凡的事。虽然他有着充裕的金钱可以无忧的过上层人的生活,可是他却放弃了,而且不至一次。这样的抉择这样的信念不是每个人都有的,这样的想法也许每个人都会有,但是能做到的却屈指可数,因为我们缺少他那样的勇气和耐力!

        我一直在想,我会不会有一天也像他一样抛开一切去实现自己的梦想?答案是:不会。因为我缺少他的坚强、他的勇敢、他的平静、他的淡泊。他可以一个人在小岛上十几年如一日地活着,他种粮食、造小船、、、、、、他积极得创造着生活。因为他知道有一天他会活着离开这里的,他要活下来!坚强的信念支撑着他一直到他离开的那一天。是啊,活着多好!

       其实我一直不知道活着有这么好,也不知道自己活得很幸福。直到有一天,我重读鲁滨逊我才明白很多美好我已经错过了,很多拥有我已经放弃了。很多时候我觉得不开心,是因了我的贪婪我的自私我的无知!我们一直在抱怨命运的不公,却不知道幸福就在就从我们的叹息中溜走。对于鲁滨逊来说最大的幸福就是探险,而对于我们来说最大的幸福就是享受,这中间的差别这么大,我们竟然没有发现!

       就像我一样一直在想什么时候我才能过得好一些,可是我自己也不知道这个好的标准是什么。直到有一天我不能走了,我竟然不能走了!我成了一个残疾的人,虽然有恢复的希望,但我仍然很低落。我的亲人没有放弃我,我的朋友没有放弃我。我在大家的关爱中像孩子一样重新成长,我每天像孩子一样地学着走路,虽然在别人眼中我很可怜,但我却过得比任何时候都自信都开怀。因为我知道活着就是最大的幸福。这是鲁滨逊教会我的,也是生活教会我的!

范文八:鲁滨逊漂流记有感

  暑假我去书城买了本就迫不及待的捧起书,津津有味的读了起来。读着读着,我不禁被鲁滨逊身上那种充满冒险、智慧和勇敢的精神深深吸引了。

  故事的情节把我带到了1659年9月30日,鲁滨逊在一场可怕的风暴中沉船落难,除他之外船上的人无一人生还。他流落到一个凄凉的孤岛上。他也曾绝望过,但凭着他惊人的毅力与勇气,在找到了武器和食物之后,又学会了打猎、牧羊、种植,还搭救了一个叫“星期五”的土人,他的生活又充满了希望。直到28年后,他依靠自己的智慧离开了孤岛。

  在荒芜人烟的孤岛生活28年啊!是多么令人不可思议!可是鲁滨逊勇敢地做到了。初到孤岛时他很绝望,他在日记中写到:没有食品、房子、衣服、武器,没有藏身之处。没有被救的希望,眼前只有死,不是被野兽吃掉,就是被野人杀死,或者因缺少食物而活活饿死。但是,慢慢地,他坚强的个性体现出来了,对生活充满希望,不再整天沉浸在悲观中,他找到了自己的生活方式:他建造小房子,制作桌子、小匣子;训养小羊、小狗;种植小麦、稻子。就这样他用自己的双手,依靠辛勤的劳动生存了下来。

  鲁滨逊还是坚毅的人。他曾经这样写道:我的脾气是要决心做一件事情,不成功决不放手的。为了造一艘独木舟,他没有助手,工具不全,缺乏经验,所以做任何事情都要花很大的劳力,费好长的时间。连做一块木版都要花一个多月时间,并花了两年时间挖了一条6尺长的运河。有时他做的许多事情都是白费力气,没有成功,但他从来不灰心,在失败之后又重新开始。辛勤的劳动使他最后变得“丰衣足食”,有种植园,有牧场,有两处“豪华”的别墅。

  鲁滨逊的离奇遭遇告诉我:当遇到困难和挫折的时侯,只要有勇气和毅力并充分发挥自己的智慧,就可以战胜一切困难,创造奇迹。我应该学习鲁滨逊这种不怕困难、乐观向上的精神,无论何时何地都要坚强地对待生活和学习,哪怕只有一线希望也要争取,决不能放弃!我要像鲁滨逊那样有志气、有毅力、爱劳动,凭自己的双手创造财富,取得最后的胜利!

    一年级:1370898641

范文九:读《鲁滨逊漂流记》

         读《鲁滨逊漂流记》

在暑期期间《鲁滨逊漂流记》这本书我连续看了好几遍,然而每遍我都读得兴致勃勃,津津有味。为什么?因为这部长篇小说中的主人公鲁滨逊他 具有乐观积极不畏艰难的精神,感染了我我,令我十分敬佩。

《鲁滨逊漂流记》主要讲述了鲁滨逊在一次出海时,不幸遇难,孤苦伶仃一个人,来到了一个荒无人烟的小岛上,他没有悲观,他没有放弃,没有在困难面前低头,乐观积极的鲁滨逊而是仅凭一艘破船上的一些可以用的生活用品,一些可以吃的食物,和一些可以种的种子,还有一只没有被淹死的幸运狗,就凭这些东西用自己的勤劳双手,创造自己的天地,用自己的智慧克服了一个又一个困难,在这个荒无人烟的岛上一呆就是二十八年,二十八年后才回故土。当我读完这本小说我的心久久不能平静,只有震撼,孤孤单单一个人居然在荒无人烟的岛上,生活了二十八年,这是一个多么漫长的岁月呀!真叫我想都不敢想像鲁滨逊在荒岛的经历也许在我们现实生活中的人来说,也许是不能遇到的,也许是不可能发生的,但在人生的道路上每个人都会遇到种种困难,实际上是教育现实生活中的人们面对困难而进,不能退缩,不能悲观,永不放弃要知难而进,要勇敢面对。在人生的道路上,不可能一帆风顺的,有句话说得好:“不经风雨怎么能见到彩虹”。

对于现在一些学生地着:“衣来伸手,饭来张口”的日子,总觉得鲁滨逊在荒岛的经历,不过是一个百年难得一见的奇迹,也许话说得没错,但人的一生不可能一直是完美的状态。现在我们不能依赖父母,依赖别人,我们要用自己的智慧和勤劳克服生活中面临的种种困难,凭自己的双手打造一片属于自己的天地,创造自己美好的未来,只有这样才能迎来似锦的前程。读完小说后,一个高大的形象时时浮现在我的眼前,他就是勇于冒险的探险家、航海家鲁滨逊。他凭着坚忍不拔的毅力,永不放弃的精神,如愿以偿实现了自己梦想。永不放弃,是我从他身上学到的

范文十:鲁滨逊漂流记1

宿 豫 张 家 港 实 验 小 学 导 学 案

复备时间: 学科 课型 课 题 语文 阅读指导课 年级 课时 六年级 第一课时 主备人 执教者 胡明云

《鲁滨逊漂流记》 (一)

1.了解作家常识及作品的创作背景。 2. 初步运用小说人物形象分析法对“鲁滨逊”这一形象进行分析。

导学目标

3.在熟悉小说的故事线索的基础上准确记忆小说精彩的故事情节及与 之相关的人物,如鲁滨逊“智救‘星期五’“烧制陶器”等等。 ”

在熟悉小说的故事线索的基础上准确记忆小说精彩的故事情节及与之 ” 重点、难点 相关的人物,如鲁滨逊“智救‘星期五’“烧制陶器”等等。

教学准备

布置学生阅读《鲁滨逊漂流记》的相关内容。

预习方案预设 集体智慧 个性设计 教学反思

布置学生阅读《鲁滨逊漂流记》的相关内容。

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教 集体智慧

程 个性设计 教学反思

一、导入: (出示幻灯片一) 十八世纪初,在英格兰的大街小巷,人们到处 议论着一个传奇的人物,讲述着一个离奇的故事: 1704 年,水手塞尔科克登上了一艘海盗船去寻找宝 物,没想到,中途与船长发生了争吵,结果被遗弃 在一个荒岛上, 随身只带了一点武器与一本 《圣经》 。 弹药用完之后,他只好靠快跑追捕山羊,徒手觅食, 过着茹毛饮血般的原始生活,后来,他居然跑得比 一般的猎狗还快。就这样,他一个人在荒岛上生活 了下来,直到四年以后,航海的人们发现了他„„ 1711 年,塞尔科克回到了伦敦,并在报刊上讲 述了自己的经历,他成了闻名一时的人物。他没想 到的是,这段传奇般的冒险经历激发了一个作家的 灵感,不久,以他的故事为原型的小说就发表了。 知道这部小说的名字吗?那么今天我们就一起 来随鲁滨逊去漂流吧! 这部小说被后人尊奉为十八世纪欧洲现实主 义小说的奠基之作, 进而成为文学史中的传世之作。 小说作家丹尼尔.笛福更是家喻户晓了。 有人说, 鲁 《 滨逊漂流记》的成功不是偶然的,它与笛福的生活 和思想密切相关。那么,笛福一生的经历如何呢? 下面我们一起作个简要的了解。 (自然导出对作家的 介绍) 二、简介笛福生平 (出示幻灯片二) 丹尼尔.笛福(1660-1731)生于伦敦一个商人家庭, 到二十多岁的时候他已是一个体面的商人,他从事 过内衣业、烟酒贸易,还开过砖瓦厂。经历过破产。

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教 集体智慧

程 个性设计 教学反思

他在从事商业的同时从事政治活动,代表当时 日益上升的资产阶级出版大量的政治性小册子,并 因此被捕,后来靠疏通关系才得以出狱。此后他继 续办报纸刊物,写了大量的政治、经济时文,

又几 次被捕,都是因为言论关系。在快年届六十时,笛 福以塞尔柯克的传奇故事为蓝本,把自已多年来的 海上经历和体验倾注在人物身上,并充分运用自已 丰富的想像力进行文学加工,创作了这部妙趣横生、 雅俗共赏、 老少咸宜的传记体小说 《鲁滨逊漂流记》 , 为自已博得了“英国和欧洲小说之父”的美誉。这 促使他数月后便推出了该书的续集,并在短短五年 内一鼓作气写出《辛格尔顿船长》 《摩尔.弗兰德 、 斯》《罗克萨娜》等好几部小说。 、 三、延伸阅读 鲁滨逊是一个铮铮硬汉,对他来说“一个人只 是呆呆地坐着,空想自己所得不到的东西,是没有用 的”,这就是“绝对真理” 。那么,他是如何凭借自 己的双手,凭着自己一个人的力气,凭着自己的智 慧,续写这个生命奇迹的呢?欲知详情如何,请大 家去阅读小说原著《鲁滨逊漂流记》吧。 四、阅读要求: 1.理清故事情节,能简述故事。 2.利用时间阅读小说原著并完成“名著欣赏记 录卡” ,两周后交流。

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作业布置

1 制作笛福的作家名片。 2 写读书笔记。 鲁滨逊漂流记 笛福

板书设计

读书笔记 不动笔墨不读书

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