2009-02-23 来源： 作者：陈克然
考生们都知道雅思考官在评判一篇大作文时，除了看文章的结构和语言之外，还很重视这篇文章的主体内容。而中国考生在写 essay时常见的一个问题恰恰是考前准备了语言，临场读懂了题目，很快形成了观点，但是却不知该从哪些角度来支持自己的thesis statement。所以主体段落观点单调，思维陈旧，内容空洞，为达到字数而把一个观点写了再写等问题常常会充斥在文章的body part。这极大地影响了考生的作文成绩。在此，笔者将多年积累的雅思大作文常见论点总结为一首打油诗，以飨读者。
Some scientists claim that experiments carried out on animals would be crucial for potential breakthroughs in treating some of the most-feared incurable diseases.
Development of science and technology has given birth to materialism and capitalism which favor the research for economic growth and freedom of men. Consequently, no spiritual, moral, and traditional values are taken into account.
The rapid development of science and technology makes work today more demanding than it used to be.
The availability of a great variety of high-tech recreational facilities also diverts people from enjoying chats with the members of their families.
Developing countries lack sufficient numbers of qualified scientists and other skilled personnel to cope with the increasingly serious environmental problems, such as the ozone depletion, the marine pollution and the like.
The development of the telephone created a new market for the employment of women. The position of telephone operators was most often filled by women, creating a new world of opportunities for females to struggle for the equal rights to males.
You don"t have to be a scientist to see that, due to overuse of the computer, a lot of kids get little exercise, which makes them obese.
Another common disadvantage is that playing too much on the computer can cause bad eyesight.
There is not deny in that with the advent of technology, our patience grows thin.
Media violence affects children by: increasing aggressiveness and anti-social behavior; intensifying their fear of becoming victims; making them less sensitive to violence and to victims of violence; encouraging their appetite for more violence in entertainment and in real life.
For lack of face-to-face contact, modern children tend to be more introverted, unsocial, isolated and indifferent than those kids in last century.
如果写到动物的保护问题时，可以说：Animals are not created for humans any more than women are created for men, black for white.
在写到政府是否该花钱来发展武器时，可以说：There is no doubt that the advancement of military technologies is one of the greatest dangers to all human rights, including the most basic right to life itself.
All human beings have the fundamental right to an environment adequate for their health and well-being.
When someone turns 18, he or she should be tried as an adult because they have adult rights. Children, however, do not have the same rights as adults do. Then, if a five-year-old child killing someone has been sentenced the death penalty, the trial that determines whether or not someone should be tried as an adult are absurd.
Respect for property is no less important than respect for person. Indeed, respect for property is one species of respect for person. Property is the stuff of personal independence. It is, therefore, an economic foundation of freedom. A society in which respect for property diminishes is one in which freedom diminishes.
Athletes sweat and sacrifice physically and psychologically more than the average people, which can justify their high salary.
Young people’s inexperience and gullibility easily lead then into traps. (个人的原因)
The government failing to establish supporting system to offer help to adolescents can explain this social issue. (国家的原因)
Every woman is worthy to be respected, educated, and safe from exploitation. It is our responsibility and right to pray, promote, and protect the human and divine rights of all. The world"s stability and prosperity depend on it.
The full and equal participation of women in all spheres of life is essential to social and economic development, the abolition of war, and the ultimate establishment of a united world.
Globalization might undermine cultural diversity. Multinational corporations promote a certain kind of consumerist culture, in which standard commodities, promoted by global marketing campaigns exploiting basic material desires, create similar lifestyles, which is so-called Coca-Colanization.
The dishonest practice of telling lies will produce a perverse impact on one’s personality.
新东方 BEC 资料(作文)
PAR T Functions/Communicative Task Input Response Register
1 e.g. giving instructions, explaining a development, asking for comments, requesting information, agreeing to requests Rubric only (plus layout of output text type) Internal communication (medium may be note or message or memo or e-mail) (40-50 words) Neutral/informal
2 Correspondence: e.g. explaining, apologizing, reassuring, complaining
Report: describing summarizing
Proposal: describing, summarizing, recommending, persuading One or more pieces of input from: business correspondence (medium may be letter, fax or e-mail), internal communication (medium may be note, memo or e-mail), notice, advert, graphs, charts, etc. (plus layout if output is fax or
e-mail) Business correspondence ( medium may be letter, fax or e-mail ) or short report or proposal (medium may be memo or e-mail ) (120-140 words) Neutral/formal
Notes: Note writing is very easy. Just write as you speak to another person face to face. You write a note when you want to speak to the person who is now absent. You write it in a very informal style: the language is simple and easy, and only a few sentences are needed.
Write down the date first (sometimes you can even drop this down when it is not important).
Then spell his or her name, usually the first name, since it is very friendly and intimate.
Next begin the message at another line and finish it to the end.
Finally end the note wit h your name, also first name.
(For further reference, see Student Book Page 78.)
Messages: (For further reference, see Student Book Page 14.)
E-mails: (For further reference, see Student Book Page 37.)
Memos: A few words should be said about the format of memos. Generally they have all the features of letters in format. But they usually have more formalities and features that will make them easy to be recognized and filed. These features are:
A typed or printed heading
File or reference numbers
Reader’s full name
Writer’s full name
A distribution list
You may not need to include all of these it ems in every memo. What features should be included depend on the memo you are writing.
(For further reference, see Student Book Page 109.)
Reports: Directions are available in Student Book. See Page 81-82.
Letters: Directions are available in Student Book. See Page 79-80.
请同学们在 BEC 的写作中采用平头式的写法。
Dear Sir or Madam 写信给某一公司,不确定具体的收信人
Dear Sir 对男士,但是你不知道他的具体姓名
Dear Madam 对女士,但是你不知道他的具体姓名
Dear Mr Smith 对男士
Dear Ms Smith 对已婚或未婚的女士
Dear Mrs Smith 对已婚女士
Dear Miss Smith 对未婚女士
Dear John (此处 John 为英语中常用男名 ) 对朋友或你比较熟悉的人(通常为多年生意伙伴)
Dear Sir or Madam Yours faithfully
Dear Mr/Ms/Mrs/Miss Smith Yours sincerely
Dear John Best wishes
Dear Mr John Smit h
在英国英语中,天在前,但是在美国英语中,月份在前。所以某些特别的时期容易引起误解。例如:12 06 2003
因此日期要写成:12 June 2003
注释:在 BEC 考试中同学们可以采用恩波所推荐的用法。但是 12 06 2003 的用法仍然是可以使用的,因 为 BEC 为英版考试。
在使用恩波推荐的用法时,要记住月份使用大些字母开头。天后不必写 th 、 rd 、 nd 或者 st 。
预备参加 bec 考试的同学们由于缺乏商务写作的实际经验,对于写作部分都比较郁闷。恩波结合历年考试 实际,为大家准备了 15类共计 50个经典的实战句型,供大家在考场上使用。我们对每一个句型都模拟了 一种环境:
We are writing to enquire about…
We are writing in connection wit h…
We are interested in … and wewould like to know…
You want to know the prices of some air conditioners.
We are interested in your air conditioner and we would like to know the prices of some air condit ioners. You saw an advertisement in the newspaper yesterday and you want further information.
We are writing in connection wit h the advertisement in the newspaper yesterday.
You want to know if the company you are writing to organizes holidays to Africa.
We are writing to inquire about the holidays to Africa that your company organizes.
Thank you for your letter of (date)
We have received your letter of (date) asking if …
enquiring about …
A company wrote to you on 23 July. They wanted to know if you sell photocopiers.
Thank you for your letter of 23 July, asking if we sell photocopiers.
A man wrote to you on 18 December. He wanted employment wit h your company. He also sent his
We have received your letter of 18 December, enclosing your curriculum vitae.
A company sent you a fax on 3 June. They wanted to know if you were going to the marketing conference in London.
Thank you for your fax of 3 June, asking if I was going to the marketing conference in London.
A woman telephoned you this morning. She wanted to know if her order No. 599 had arrived.
Thank you for your telephone call this morning concerning the order No. 599.
I look forward to receiving your reply/order/products/ect.
Looking forward to hearing from you.
I hope that this information will help you.
Please contact me if you need any further information.
Please feel free to contact me if you have any further questions.
Please let me know if you need any further information.
With reference to …
Further to …
With regard to …
I am writing in connection with …
注:引入主题的句子可以被写在信件的开头,但 with regard to 不能用于信件的开头。
环境:(How would you start a letter about each of the following?)
an invoice (No. 679) for a photocopier
With reference to Invoice No. 679, we regret to tell you that the product arrived in bad condit ion. a meeting you had with the addressee on Jan. 16th
Further to the meeting on 16 January, I am delighted to tell you that we are now able to give you a special offer for our Peach Series computer.
an advertisement in the times newspaper
I am writing in connection with the advertisement in the times newspaper yesterday.
an application for a post as secretary in your company
I am writing in connection with your application for a post as secretary in our company.
a fax order for six computers that you received today
with reference to your fax order for six computer, I regret to tell you that they are out of stock at present.
I am pleased
happy to tell
advise you that …
am sorry to tell
advise you that …
We regret that …
环境:(complete these sentences using phrases for referring and giving good or bad news.)
a. ___________________________ your order for some cupboards, _____________________ we have had to increase the price.
b. ____________________________ your application for a post as secretary,
______________________________ that we would like you to start work as soon as possible.
c. _________________________________ your application for a post as secretary,
______________________________ that you were not successful.
d. _________________________________ our telephone conversation this morning,
______________________________ that your car is now ready for you to collect.
We are unable to …
We are able to …
We have been forced to …
You cannot lower your prices.
We regret that we are unable to reduce out prices.
You have had to raise your prices because the government has increased the sales tax.
We have been forced to raise our prices because the government has increased the sales tax. However, you can give them a discount of 5% if their order is for more than $8,000.
We are able to give you a discount of 5% if your order is more than $8,000.
With regard to their second question, you cannot accept payment in Egyptian pounds but you can accept US dollars or Euros.
We are sorry that we are unable to accept payments in Egyptian pounds but we are able to accept US dollars or Euros.
This is owing to …
due to …
a result of …
because of …
注:owing to 通常用于不好的消息。如果想在原因中使用动词,请加上 the fact that的从句。
increase prices --- fall of the dollar
We have been force to increase our prices. This is owing to the fall of the dollar.
Delay the delivery of the goods --- strike by airline pilots
We have been forced to delay the delivery of the goods. This is owing to the strike by airline pilots. Increase all salaries by 10% --- rise in sales
We are able to increase all salaries by 10%. This is the result of a big rise in sales.
Cut all salaries by 10% --- fall in sales
We have been forced to cut all salaries by 10%. This is due to the fact that there has been a fall in sales in the past ten months.
Cannot deliver your new order --- we have not received your payment fro the last order
We regret that we are unable to deliver your new order immediately. This is owing to the fact that we have not received your payment for the last order.
Cancel the meeting --- a lot of staff have been ill
We have been forced to cancel the meeting. This is because some members of our staff have been ill.
Please could you …
We would be grateful if you could …
We would be appreciate it if you could … as soon as possible.
注:please could you … 是最直接的方式。在要求一些一般性的事情时,可以使用这种表达。
You have seen an advertisement in the newspaper for a post as office manger. You want an application form.
I would appreciate it if you could send me an application form.
The photocopier in your office has broken down. You want to have it repaired, quickly.
We would be grateful if you could send a repairman to fix our photocopier as soon as possible.
You have moved your office and you want the post office to forward your letters to your new address. Please could you forward my letters to my new address.
You want the telephone company to put another telephone in your office. You need it urgently.
We would appreciate it if you could put another telephone in our office immediately.
You have written to a company and you want them to reply quickly.
I would be grateful if you could give us a reply quickly.
We must apologize for …
We apologize for …
We are extremely sorry for …
注:以上句型后请使用动词 ing 形式。
以上句型中的 for 可以换成 that ,然后用从句表达。
Please accept our apologies once again.
We hope that this has not caused you any inconvenience.
With apologies once again.
Please could you
We would be grateful if you could
We would appreciate it if you could give us further details about ..
inform us (about/if) …
let us know ( about/if ) …
We would like to know ( about/if ) …
You wrote a letter to someone and they haven’t replied. You want to know if they received the letter. We would be grateful if you could let us know if the letter has reached you.
A businessman is going to your country. He wants you to get a visa for him. You need all the details about his passport (his nationality, date of birth, where his passport was issued, and when it expires).
Please could you give details about your passport. I would like to know your nationality, date of birth, where your passport was issued and when it expires.
You want to know about the same businessman’s flight (flight number, date and time of arrival).
In particular, I would like to know your flight number, date and time of arrival.
Unfortunately, + 表 示 something is wrong 的 句 子
A company has sent you a bill for the wrong goods.
Unfortunately you sent us a bill for the wrong goods. Please could you send us a correct bill as soon as possible.
Your new photocopier has broken down. You have to write to the company who sold it to you. Unfortunately our new photocopier has broken down. Please could you send a repairman to fix it for us as soon as possible.
Two temporary secretaries do not speak English. You have to write to the agency who sent them to you. Unfortunately two temporary secretaries you recommended to us do not speak English. We would be grateful if you could recommend two more who could speak English.
You keep receiving letters for someone else. You have to write to the post office.
Unfortunately I keep receiving letters for someone else. Please could you make the address clear before you deliver letters every day.
I should like to draw your attention to (the fact that)…
I should like to point out that …
I should like to remind you that…
I hope that it is not necessary to remind you that …
One of your staff keeps parking his car in front of the main door, the space which is reserved for the MD. I should like to remind you that the space in front of the main door is reserved for the MD.
Someone is interested in purchasing a large quantity of your simplex cameras. Tell him about 25% discount for large orders.
I should like t draw your attention to the fact that we offer about 25% discount for larger orders. One of your staff arrives half an hour late for work every day. (She should start at 9.30.)
I hope that it is not necessary to remind you that work start at 9: 30 every day.
Someone is interested in your products. Tell him that you guarantee that your prices are the largest in the country.
I should like to point out that we guarantee that all prices are the lowest in the country.
We must insist that …DO… (DO 指 动 词 原 型 )
We must insist that you deliver the goods immediately.
If…(not)… We will be forced to …
环境:(What warnings would you give these people?)
A company that has not paid your bill
Unless you pay the bill, we will be forced to take legal actions.
Another company that is using your company’s car park
If you do not move your car away from our park, we will be forced to turn to the police.
An employee who always arrives late for work
Unless you come to work on time, we will be forced to fire you.
A builder who has left a lot of their tools in your office
If you do not take your tools from our office, we will be forced to throw them away.
a. 阐述发生的问题:it is now over nine months since we placed this order and we are still waiting for the cabinets.
b. 使用句型 12:I should like to point out that we have already paid for these cabinets.
c. 使用句型 13:we must insist that you deliver them immediately.
d. 使用句型 14:unless we hear from you within 7 days we will take legal action.
第三章 检查(包括图表写作和 report )
2. 拼 写 :
to go up
to pick up
an upward trend
a. 1. a. 中的动词+to +具体数据。
b. 1. a. 中的动词+to +the peak of+具体数据。
c. 1. a. 中的动词+reaching the peak of +具体数据。
d. 1. a. 中的动词+reaching + 具体数据。
e. to peak at +具体数据
f. to climb to + 具体数据
a. 1. a. 中的动词+by +具体数据。
b. 1. a. 中的动词+副词。
to go down
a. 1. a. 中的动词+to +具体数据。
b. 1. a. 中的动词+to +the bottom of+具体数据。
c. 1. a. 中的动词+reaching the bottom of +具体数据。
d. 1. a. 中的动词+reaching + 具体数据。
a. 1. a. 中的动词+by +具体数据。
b. 1. a. 中的动词+副词。
to hardly change
to have little change
to keep steady
to level off
to remain constant
to stay the same
at the start of ……
by the end of ……
at the end of ……
时间 ’s + 具体数据
...... increased slowly during…… and …… but fell sharply in …….
A steady fall in …… during …… and …… followed the sharp increase in …….
…… fell before …… began to make a recovery ……
…… continuethe recovery, climbing to ……
…… dropped during …… but increased again in ……
…… fell and then pick up during ……
…… collapsed before rising to ……at the end of ……
…… fluctuated sharply all through ……
…… hardly changed through the period between ……and ……
柱 状 图 形 的 描 述
饼 状 图 形 的 描 述
…… % the …… is/has/have/are ……
…… accounts for ……% of the total
…… takes up ……% in the whole chart
趋 势 的 比 较
1. 表示相似的句型 (实例 ) :
Both share prices rose sharply in January.
Neither company has made a profit yet.
Like X, Y fell in June.
X rose just as sharply as Y.
X fell sharply whereas/while Y remained steady.
X fell quickly compared to Y.
Unlike Y, X rose by 10%.
X rose far more dramatically than Y.
the …… doubled/tripled in …… compared wit h those in ……
…… is …… in contrast to ……
数 据 的 修 饰
You are the Manager of a small printing company. A new employee, Mark McCabe, is joining your company on 10th May.
Write a short memo to your office administrator:
Saying who is starting work and when;
Telling him what Mark McCabe’s job will be;
Suggesting where Mark McCabe’s desk should be put;
Write 30-40 words on your answer sheet.
You were sent on a residential training course for five days. Unfortunately the course was very badly run and there were a lot of problems wit h it . The advert below shows the details of the course, together wit h
Write a report for your manager on the course (100-120 words). Describe the problems with the course and suggest what your company should do.
Write on your answer sheet.
Improve your computing skills
Join our 5-day course
LTE Business Computing Courses
For the young professional
Our 5-day courses have been developed over the last three years and have been designed specially for all levels of office personnel.
Highly experienced and qualified trainers (only one teacher – this was his first course)
The most up-to-date software running on the latest hi-tech personal computers
Groups of no more than six students ( nine students – some of us had to share computer terminals ) Opportunities for individual instruction every evening ( the one around in the evening )
Comfortable teaching rooms in a modern hotel
By the end of the course you will be an expert in using a word processor, a spreadsheet, a database, and electronic mail. ( only did word – processing )
Phone Jane on 122 2323 for more details. ( & not enough food! )
Your company has just opened a new office in the Unit ed States. You have agreed to go and work there for six months.
Write a memo of 30-40 words to all your colleagues:
Explaining why you will be absent;
Saying when you are leaving the office;
Expressing your wish to keep in touch;
Write on your answer sheet.
You work for RCT, a company which sells business stationery. RCT is interested in becoming an agent for Novestat, a company which manufactures paper products.
Read Novestat’s advertisement below, on which you have made some notes.
Then, using all your notes, write a letter to James Dowling at Novestat.
Do not include postal addresses.
Write 100-120 words.
Write on your answer sheet.
For a new paper product
Novestat, a leading manufacturer of business stationery, is delighted to announce its exciting new range of designer paper products. This range allows customers to create their own business stationery to the highest professional standards, using their own computer printers.
We are looking for companies world-wide to distribute the NOVESTAT DESIGNER PAPER range.
If your company has:
Minimum 5 year’s relevant experience; (10 years; say what RCT does)
Dynamic, motivated salesforce; (national sales award last year)
Excellent distribution network; (tell them about our retail outlets)
Then please write to: James Dowling, Novestat, Unit 3, Basing Estate, Hampton, Middlesex, TW135SA, U.K.
(arrange a meeting with them next month?)
You are the training manager of a company which has won a large export order. You have been asked to organize foreign language training for some of your staff.
Write a memo of 30-40 words to staff:
Explaining why the courses are necessary;
Saying which members of staff should attend;
Announcing when the courses will start;
Write on your answer sheet.
Your company exports to a number of countries around the world. The company is looking for new agents for international freight.
Read the two advertisements below, on which you have made some notes.
Then using the notes, write a short report for the Export Sales Manager, covering all your points and saying which agent you recommend.
Write 100-120 words.
Write on your answer sheet.
25 years’ experience in sea freight
air freight also available (may need for urgent orders)
all documentation provided (they complete all customs forms – FTD don’t)
competitive rates – quotes available on request
tel. 0208 344 879
FTD Shipping Agents
Freight agents to many major ports (mainly in Europe)
No quantit y too small (could be useful for small orders)
Contact Martin Taylor on 0207 234 576 for further information and details of charges
(a bit higher than Globelink)
You are Head of Research for an international car manufacturer. You have to make an urgent trip tomorrow to visit Pierre Blanco, a colleague who works for a subsidiary.
Write a memo of 30-40 words to your secretary.
Telling her who you are going to see and when;
Asking her to book flight tickets and accommodation;
Telling her what work you would like her to do in your absence;
Write on your answer sheet.
You are the manager of a TV and radio repair workshop. One of your employees has received the letter below about a faulty cassette player which he inspected. He has written his comments on the customer’s letter and asked you to write a reply.
Write a letter of 100-120 words to the customer, using the employee’s comments and explaining why your company cannot repair the cassette player.
Do not include addresses.
Write on your answer sheet.
Mr D. Mason
6 Adelaide Park
Dear Mr Mason
Re: repair of Tashita Cassette Player
You returned our cassette player to us on 5th September, after having it in your shop for over a month, (sorry! Technician off sick) saying that you could not repair the following faults:
1. a problem with the volume control (needs replacing; part not available)
2. difficulty operating the on/off switch. (possible to replace but very expensive)
I was very surprised to hear this, because the equipment is not all that old.(manufactured in 1985) Therefore I would be grateful if you could explain in writing why the equipment is, in your opinion, beyond repair, so that I can discuss this matter wit h the manufacturers.(out of business since 1990)
You are a manager in a company which manufactures office furniture. Next month you are going to London to discuss an important contract.
Write a note of 30-40 words to your assistant:
1. saying when you want to leave and return
2. asking him to book flights
3. telling him which hotel to book
You recently attended a one-day training course on health and safety. You were disappointed with the course.
Read the advertisement below, which gives the details of the course. You have written some notes on the advertisement.
Then using your handwritten notes, write a letter to the company, complaining about the course. Do not include postal address.
Write 100-120 words.
Write on your answer sheet.
GBG Certification Services
Good for business, good for you.
Regardless of whether you are in a manufacturing or service industry, you are required by law to operate your business in a manner which is safe and healthy for your workforce. Our courses will help you provide a safe and legally sound working environment for your staff.
Our one-day courses include:
Experienced and highly-qualified trainers (trainer was sick --- replacement poor)
High-quality information packs (pile of loose photocopies)
Small groups (maximum 8 people) (not true)
Price includes lunch and refreshments (explain what was wrong with lunch)
All one-day courses run Monday – Friday from 9:30 – 17:00 (started late)
For more information contact:
GBG House Summerfield Road Oxford OX8 4DN
On the Celebrity Spokesperson
Currently, we could hardly live a single day without seeing a celebrity spokesperson promoting a product or a social campaign on TV, net or other media. This is an intensely popular trend that we cannot fail to notice.
There is no doubt that the celebrity spokespeople could boost the sale of a product. A host of celebrity spokespersons, however, have emerged as the marketing tool of some companies, even companies producing and selling fake and inferior items. This kind of behavior has produced negative impacts on consumers and whole society, which should be severely criticized and penalized. Of course, as is known to all, everything has both bright and dark sides. Some stars’ endorsement of social activities and public campaigns
raises public awareness, giving rise to changes in public behavior. In this case, they serve as positive role models of the general public. To name only one case: Pu CX, a household figure, acting as the celebrity spokesman of the China AIDS Foundation, contributes greatly to the cause of AIDS prevention and cure in China.
Over the past couple of years, a variety of talent shows have emerged on TV channels across the nation, from Super Girls to Happy Boys and so forth. This type of entertainment program is intensely popular, especially among young adults and has produced profound impacts on their studies and life.
There are a couple of reasons behind the tide. To start with, young folks need role models to learn from. So many of them are crazy for contestants participating in these programs. This gives rise to the increasing emergence of these shows because TV networks naturally need to cater to young audiences. Plus, thanks to economic and political reforms carried out by the government, this crop of young generation have more freedom and desire to express and showcase themselves. Therefore, a growing number of young people desire to get involved in these shows.
This is a divisive topic. On my personal level, the talent show is a superb means of relaxing and amusing and can hugely relieve our strains. As college students, however, we could not afford to indulge in them and should be aware of the utmost importance of studies.
On the Food Security
Over the past couple of years, several cases of the food scandal have been disclosed on various media. The problem of food security has become a hot button across society. The prevalence of food insecurity has greatly impacted public health, which the government could not afford to ignore, according to the online edition of the People Daily.
There are a couple of driving forces, I would argue, behind this undesirable tide. First, in the course of the rapid economic evolution, we ignore moral education, giving rise to the rising rate of the problem. More importantly, the lack of adequate regulation and punishment on those illegal producers enforces the trend.
As Confucius instructed, it is better late than never. Prompt and strict measures should be taken to turn back this evil trend. The government should launch a massive moral campaign to educate all citizens and draw up tougher laws to crack down on those irresponsible corporations and prohibit them from entering the food industry again. I am
firmly convinced that through our combined efforts we are bound to enjoy more risk-free foods in the days ahead.
On Uncivilized Behaviors
We cannot fail to notice that countless uncivilized behaviors exist in our daily lives, such as spitting, talking loudly, littering, saying nasty words in public places and so forth. All these are bad manners that we should not lose sight of. As an ancient land enjoying a splendid civilization spanning over 5,000 years, China is witnessing a surge in improper acts that every Chinese citizen should feel ashamed of. Uncivilized behaviors by a host of Chinese both at home and abroad have seriously affected China’s image, according to an editorial posted on People Daily’s official website.
As Chinese, we should not get offended when others point out our weaknesses but should focus more attention on improving ourselves. We should strive to identify the causes of those improper behaviors and find ways to eliminate them. There are a host of causes, I would argue, behind this trend. To name only one: the lack of moral education. The government should wage a massive moral campaign to fight against this trend and we ourselves should endeavor to behave decently in our daily lives. As college students of the new age, we should take the leading role.
On Cultivating the Sense of Gratitude
On college campuses across the nation, there is a noticeable phenomenon that we cannot afford to ignore: far too many young college students lack the sense of gratitude, one of the countless traditional virtues of this ancient land with a splendid civilization spanning over 5,000 years. These young adults were not and are not aware of the huge importance of expressing gratitude to those who once helped them, from teachers to parents and so forth.
Personally, I deem that the root cause of students without a graceful heart is that they receive an education not valuing the moral sphere. I strongly believe that joint efforts from folks across society are the final remedy for this social headache. As young university students of the new era, we should make our own contributions to this cause. Imagine a world without the sense of gratitude. This kind of world is doomed to failure. Simply put, we should join our hands to heighten our awareness of fostering a graceful heart. Only in this way can we build our society into a harmonious one. My fellow students, I beg you to act from now on.
On Credit Card
At present, a wide vareity of credit cards issued by major banks and shopping malls are thriving in colleges and universities across the nation, with a multitude of college students making up a growing population of card holders. Indeed, one out of five students is estimated to be in possession of at least one credit card, and the figure is expected to be on the steady increse, the latest data published by Yangtze Evening Post suggests.
Like anything prior to the emergence of this small piece of plastic, the increasing popularity of credit card on campus has both bright and dark sides. On the one hand, young adults in college, free from the trouble of pocketing a considerable sum of cash,
could enjoy the convenience of credit cards and purchase expensive goods by installments. On the other hand, however, the irresponsible and excessive use of the cards by these youngsters, the majority of whom are fresh out of middle school incapable of budgeting their money, can make them heavily in debt which will take them years to pay off.
On my personal level, while enjoying a host of conveniences the credit card may bring, we couldn’t afford to ignore a conspicious fact: in most cases, parents are our sole financial sources.Instead of spending without any restrict, we are supposed to put studies on the top of our agenda and move ourselves beyond heavy dependence upon our parents
1.Improve 提高: Promote、Advance、Enhance
2.change 改变: Transform
3.Emphasize 强调: Highlight、Stress、Address(这是个9星级用法)
6.Keep 保存 Preserve、Conserve 保护资源用的就是这个词，不要用protect，protect这
8.need 需要 Require、necessitate、call for(这也是个很高级的用法，奥巴马就用这个)
1.Everywhere 普遍的 Widespread、Prevalent、Overflow、Rampant
2.Good 好的 Beneficial、Advantageous
3.Harmful 有害 Inhumane、Detrimental、Baneful
4.Rich 富有 Wealthy、Affluent
5.Poor 贫穷 Impoverished
7.Serious 严重的 Severe
8.Obvious 明显的 Manifest、Apparent、Evident
9.cheap 便宜的 Economical、Inexpensive
1.Forefather 祖先 Ancestor、Predecessor
3.Crime 犯罪 Delinquency、Criminal Act
4.Environment 环境 Circumstance、Atmosphere、Surrounding、Ambience 5.Pollution 污染 Contamination
6.Human 人类The human race Humanity Humankind 7.Danger 危险 Peril、Hazard
8.In modern society 在当今社会 In contemporary society In present-day society
In this day and age(这是最牛的说法)
1(The advantage far outweigh the disadvantages.
2(The advantages of A are much greater than those of B.
3(A may be preferable to B, but A suffers from the disadvantages that...
4(It is reasonable to maintain that ..but it would be foolish to claim that...
5(For all the disadvantages, it has its compensating advantages.
6(Like anything else, it has its faults.
7(A and B has several points in common.
8(A bears some resemblances to B.
9(However, the s me is not applicable to B.
10. A and B differ in several ways.
11. Evidently, it has both negative and positive effects.
12. People used to think ..., but things are different now.
13. The same is true of B.
14. Wondering as A nbspis ,it has its drawbacks.
15. It is true that A ... , but the chief faults (obvious defects )are ...
1( A number of factors are accountable for this situation.
A number of factors might contribute to (lead to )(account& bspfor ) the phenomenon(problem).
2. The answer to this problem involves many factors.
3. The phenomenon mainly stems from the fact that...
4. The factors that contribute to this situation include...
5. The change in ...largely results from the fact&n spthat...
6. We may blame ...,but the real causes are...
7. Part of the explanations for it is that ...
One of the most common factors (causes ) is that ...
Another contributing factor (cause ) is ...
Perhaps the primary actor is that …
But the fundamental cause is that ...
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on
the topic College Students‟ Job Hunting. You should write at least 150 words
according to the outline given below in Chinese:
College Students‟ Job Hunting
Nowadays, the employment of college students is becoming more and more of a problem. About a decade ago, university students could find satisfactory and enviable jobs after graduation, while the things are quite different at present. In addition, according to statistics, about 30% of graduate students can‟t find a job but stay at home after graduation.
Employment difficulty of college students is due to the following reasons. Among these, the increasing recruitment of colleges and universities plays a vital role. In addition, many colleges and universities fail to adapt their courses to the development of economy.
Considering the seriousness of unemployment of college students, I think it is high time that we took effective measures to solve the problem. Above all, college students should realize their own defects and further improve themselves to keep their competitive edge in society. Moreover, colleges or universities should provide more trainings and internship opportunities before the students enter the society. Besides, college students should hold a right
attitude towards jobs and set their job expectations at a suitable level. Only through these ways can the college students find a satisfactory job and have a brighter future.
英语语言中笼统词有have, take 等，笼统词的重要特点在于意义广泛，搭配性强，
I experienced a terrible hard time.
这一句中，experience被遗忘时，用have代替，成为:I had a terrible hard time. 其效果及表达的意义决不亚于第一句。这样的例子还很多。如:
Do you understand my meaning, sir? = Do you take my meaning, sir?
I will preside over the meeting. = I will take the meeting.
I will subscribe to the local newspaper. = I will take the local newspaper.
They occupied the city. = They took the city.
The boy resembles his father. = The boy takes after his father.
I had a nightmare last night. = I had a bad dream last night.
Nightmare 使用频率不太高，因此不太好记。而其同义词bad dream 却很容易记。
以后者取代前者丝毫不影响原句的意义。再比如:I don„t understand this word. 也可
以说成 I don‟t know this word.
He is stupid. = He is foolish. = He is a fool. = He is silly.
The food is delicious. = The food is tasty. = The food is nice to eat.
They discontinued the work at five. = They stopped the work at five.
His temper is nasty. = His temper is terrible. = He has a bad temper.
He is stubborn. = He is not tame.
The knife is blunt. = The knife is not sharp.
This is expensive. = This is not cheap.
She is talkative. = She is never quiet.
He is a dumb. = He is a person who can not speak.
He refused. = He said “no”.
I„ve never seen such a stubborn person. = I‟ve never seen such a person
who never listens to other„s advice.
Examination is a common headache to students all over the world. They all detest is, but all being domineered by it. It represents a trial; the grade its verdict.
Nowadays, examination has become a popular form of testing. It almost can dominate one„s future. I am not exaggerating; for you all know it is true. If we want to obtain a diploma, we must first pass the exams. If we do not have a diploma, we may not find a job easily. That is the reason why all students are nervous and pale when they are sitting for an important examination which may concern their future.
But as long as examination is on its peak of power, we must be philosophical of it. Do not always think of the harm that it brings, but think of the good it may do to us. If we do not have exams, we may indulge ourselves in other things instead of books. Exams have to always drive us on. What is wrong for learning more and thoroughly?
Examination is a common headache to students all over the world. They all dislike it (hate it), but all being ruled by it. It is a trial; the grade its decision.
Nowadays, examination has become a popular form of testing. It almost can control one„s future. I am telling the truth, for you all know it is true. If we want to get a graduation paper, we may not find a job easily. That is the reason why all students are nervous and pale when they are sitting for an important examination which may have something to do with their future.
But as long as examination is on its highest point of power, we must have a calm attitude to it. Do not always think of the harm that it brings, but think of the good it may do to us. If we do not have exams, we may spend our time on other things instead of books. Exams have to always drive us on. What is wrong for learning more and deeply?
这个 word 文件 有 4篇英语作文 是新东方考研英语班的笔记 第一篇是 2000
年真题 是胡敏老师要求背的 第二篇和第三篇是 2001真题 他润色过的 第四篇是他另写的一骗 文章 也是要求我们背诵的 大家共享资料 . 感谢 yac 的辛勤劳动 大家可以自由下载和打 印
――― by hoho As is shown is the pictures, with the increase of commercial fishing, the number of fishes dramatically decreased. In one picture, there were various kinds of fish and only one fishing-boat in 1900.On the contrary,in 1995 there was only one fish, with many fishing-boats.
The purpose of this picture is to show us that clue attention has to be paid to the decrease of ocean resources. Owing to over-fishing the number of fishes has obviously dropped. If we let this situation go as it is, we do not know where fish will be in the future. By that time, our environment wil suffer a great detruction.
Therefore, it is impeerative for us to take effective measures. For one thing, we should appeal to our authorities to make strict laws to control commercial fishing. For another, we should enhance the awareness of people that the ocean resourses. Also I believe that we humans can overcome this difficulty, and we will have a brighter future.
Love is of utmost importance to us humans. Everybody not only needs love, but also should give others love.
As is described in the picture, “love is a lamp which is brighter in darker places.” This is indeed true. People in darker places need more light than others. Maybe even a dim light can give them much hope for a better life. Maybe just a thread of light will call forth their strength and courage to help them step out of their difficulties.
For instance when someone is starving to death, just a little food and water from you may save his or her life. Again when a little girl in a poor rural area drops out of school because of poverty, just a small sum of money from you may support her to finish her schooling and change her life. In these circumstances, you may have given love which is like a lamp in a dark place where light is most needed.
To sum up, we should offer our help to all the needy. We expect to get love from others and we also give love to others. So when you see someone in dificulty or in distress and in need of help, don’t hesitate to give your love to him or her. I believe that the relationship between people will be harmonious and that our society will be a better place for us to live in.
Love is one of the favorite topics today. This is true not only in China but also in other countries. We live in different countries and speak different languages, but love is something common to us all. The picture tells us a simple truth. Love is like a lamp which shines most brightly in dark places.
Love is like a lamp. It is most valuable when it is most needed. For example, once I saw a foreign lady get lost in the street. She could not speak Chinese and nobody seemed to be able to help her. Though my English is not very good and I am a shy person, I hought she needed help desperately. I asked her what she wanted. She told me she lost her way, so I shoewed her the way to her hotel. It was a small thing but she thanked me a lot because my help was needed greatly. Therefore, my
help was like a lamp in a dark place.
I think we all should be like a lamp in a dark place, showing our love and giving our help to others,even to strangers. In this way we can make this world a harmonious and peaceful place.
As is shown in the pictures, trees play a vital role in water and soil conservation. In the left hand picture, people are fleeing from greedy sand hills because they cut down all the trees. The caption reads, as the sand advances, we retreat. In the right hand picture, the people have returned carrying tools, water, and young trees to plant again. The caption reads, as we advances, the sand retreat. It seems to me that the cartoonist is sending a message about the importance of trees in water and soil consevation and the need for everyone to fight against the danger of desertification. In fact, what he is saying is that the sand will drive us away from the land if we do not struggle against it. If we let this situation go as it is, our environment will suffer a great destruction.
The way to fight back against the hungry desert is made clear in the second picture. There, the local peole are actively setting about the task of planting trees to reclaim the land and make it fertile. The fact that there are three people each with different job suggests that working together is the key to success in the war against soil erosion.