56—60 BCADA 6—10 ACACA 11—15 ACBCA 16—20 BACAB 24—27 ABDC 28—31 CBAD 32—35 ACBC 41—45 ACBAC 46—50 ADCAC 51—55 CBADA
61．shopping 62．dressed 63．and 64．into / to 65．thinking
66．myself 67．the 68．handed 69．had bought 70．strongly 改错答案：
month, according to the weather report.
should we do∧protect our environment?
First, we can hold a speech contest about protecting environment to
stress the importance of living a low-carbon life. Second, saving water and
we Besides for
One possible version： It is noticed that our school is going to start an activity of “Crazy English” before daily morning exercise. I’ve learned that a material editor and a person who leads the reading is needed. Now I’m writing to you for the post and here is something about myself.
Firstly, English is my favorite subject and I am quite good at oral English. Secondly, for having gained much experience from oral English competitions, I am sure I can do it well. Thirdly, I think it an opportunity for me to do something good for others and I am expecting the post. Yours,
W：What time does the plane take off?
M：Not until a quarter to four, but I want to get to the airport at two thirty.
W：We’re having a birthday party for Sarah tonight. Would you like to join us？ M：I’d love to, but I’m going to see a play with Jane.
W：That looks nice. I’ll have a cheeseburger and fries.
M：Anything to drink?
W：A chocolate milkshake.
M：That’ll be $2.75.
M：Have you gotten your Christmas shopping done yet？
W：Almost. I got a watch for my husband, but I can’t seem to find anything for my dad. He would probably like a book or a case for his coin collection.
W：The movie starts in 5 minutes and there’s a long line.
M：Why don’t we come back for the next show？I’m sure it would be less crowded. Text 6
W：Err, well, I think there is a job that could well interest you.
W：Yeah. It’s at a high school in the North of London.
W：Yeah. They’re looking for a French teacher.
M：Oh, that sounds interesting. How much do they pay?
W：Well, about sixty-five thousand a year.
W：And, well, I think the job, you know, includes the normal teaching hours. I suppose you’d have a thirty-five-hour week.
M：Oh, really? When does the job start?
W：Err, well, you know, at the beginning of September.
M：I’d like to book seats for Hamlet, please.
M：Have you got any seats downstairs?
W：Yes, we have.
M：How much are they?
W：$3. 75 each.
M：Are there any seats for $2. 50?
W：Yes. But they are upstairs.
M：Give me four, please.
W：For which night?
M：What about Saturday, October 21st?
W：I can give you four seats in Row 8.
M：How long will the performance last?
W：Two and a half hours.
M：Thank you. How much will that be?
W：Hello. George! I wanted to speak to you yesterday, but you weren’t at your usual place for lunch.
M：No. I had a day off from the newspaper office because I worked so much overtime last week. W：Oh. I see. You had a holiday.
M：Well! I stayed at home and looked after the baby.
W：What? You took care of the baby? Whose baby?
M：Oh, it was my sister’s baby. She wanted to go shopping in the morning, so I stayed at home and did a lot of useful things.
M：Yes. I mended my radio, washed a shirt and some socks, and cleaned out the drawers of my desk.
W：I don’t call that a holiday. I wanted to ask you to the concert last night. The one at the Town Hall near where we live.
M：That’s funny! My office called me in the afternoon and asked me to go and write an article about the concert. I noticed that you weren’t there, but your friend Mary was.
W：Was she indeed? That’s very strange.
W：Welcome back, my dear. I missed you.
M：I missed you, too. It’ s good to be home.
W：I got the E-mail you sent. It sounds like you had a good time in Italy.
M：I had a great time. I visited some old friends. Everything went pleasantly.
W：What was the best part of your holiday?
M：Being with my relatives. They are really kind people. It’s too bad that you couldn’t go with me.
W： I know. But I’m sure I can go with you next time. I want very much to see your parents, too. You can translate my native language Chinese into Italian when I’m with them.
M：No problem. We can also bring our daughter with us. She will return from America by then. Text 10
Good morning, everyone. Today I’d like to give a lecture on cycling tours. Well, for anyone who is considering going on a tour, the first thing to consider is safety. So it’s very important indeed to consider what you wear. Wear something that can easily be seen, red jackets, for example. You know many accidents happen, because drivers simply fail to see the cyclists. Second, don’t try to ride too far, too quickly. Take your time, and if you feel tired, stop and rest. Remember that the joy of cycling tours is the ride itself. Get close to nature and see things you wouldn’t normally see when you were traveling by car or bus. And if you’re planning your journey in the summer, take plenty of water. You are advised to drink at least one liter of water every hour. If the weather is not very warm, make sure you take some warm clothes. And put them on when you stop riding. Even in cold weather you can become very warm when you are riding and then it is very easy to catch a cold, or even get a fever when you stop.
1—5 ACDCD 6—10 BGCFE
11—15 ADABD 16—20 ACBAA 21—25 CCADC
26—30 BCDCB 31—35 DCABA 36—40 DCACA 41—45 DBCCB
46—48 CCA 49—52 BCBA 53—56 BACD 57—60 DADB
66(gradual 67(absorb 68(loneliness 69(violent 70(teenager / adolescent
71(billion 72(awarded 73(piled 74(persuading 75(comfortably
There have many women of achievement as Jane Goodall. She has devoted are like /或as前加such
all his life to African wildlife and won respect of all. Recently she was asked her
to deliver an extreme important speech in an university.
She said: “Care for animals is an ordinary job, and don’t look down?ordinary jobs.
Once you begin to do something, you must go on with it. Therefore, you’ll never
achieve anything. Only when you looked back upon your life will you realize look
whether you have been done your best. And only when you can say you have tried 去掉been
your best will you be content with your life.
How to Make True Friends
Today I’d like to talk about “How to make true friends”. As we all know, friendship is of great importance in our daily life. People who have several true friends often live freely and pleasantly.
But how to make true friends is still a puzzle to some of us. Now I’d like to give you some tips:
Firstly, be friendly to others. When coming across other people, saying “hello” to them with a
charming smile can make them feel at home. And we surely get one in return. Secondly, be helpful
to others. Give a hand generously when people need your help. Thirdly, be honest to others. Don’
t cheat people by telling lies. Otherwise, nobody will believe you again. Finally, stay with those
who have good habits so that you can learn from them. Remember to keep away from whoever leaves you alone when you are in trouble. After all, a friend in need is a friend indeed. I hope all of you can find your true friends. Thank you!
某溶液仅含下表离子中的 5 种(不考虑水的离及离子的水解)且各种子物质的
(1)原溶液中含有的阴离子是 :________ ;含有的阳离子是 :__________ ;
(3)若向原溶液中加入足量的 NaOH 溶液,充分反应后过滤,洗涤,灼烧至重,得到的 固体
18. (12分)已知甲、乙、丙、、戊五种微粒为短周期元素形成的子 . 它们的电子总数 为 18. 请回答下列
(1)甲为双核分子 . 可与水发生置换反应 . 其化学
(3)丙为含两种元素的分子, 且原子个比为 1:1, 其水溶液呈弱酸 . 写出其
(4)丁为六原子分子,误饮少量丁能使人眼睛失明 . 官能
(5)戊为一种烃,与戊互为同系物且含五个碳原子的的一氯代物共有 _______中。 已知 1g 戊在气中完全燃烧放出 52kJ 的热量 . 表示戊燃烧热的热化
19. (10分)亚硝酸钙 [ Ca(NO2) 2]是水泥凝土外剂的主要原料。实验室可如下装置来 制
(1) 向三颈烧瓶中加入稀硝酸之前, 应向装置中通入一段时
(2) B 中盛放蒸馏水,其目的是 ________________。
(3) 装置 F 中, 性 K 2Cr 2O 7溶液将剩余的 NO 氧化成 NO 3-, 溶液橙色为绿色 (Cr3+) , 发生反应的
(5)工业上可用石灰乳和酸工业的尾气(含 NO 、 N02)反应,既能净化尾气,又能获得 应用广
①若 n( NO):n(NO2) >l:l,则会导致 ________________________。
②若 n( NO):n( NO2)
气在一定条件下合成氨气:N 2(g)+3H2(g)2NH 3(g)
ΔH 。该反应过程中的能量变化如图所示 (E 1>0, E 2>0) 。
图中 E 1代表的意义是 _________________。
表达式为 ________(用 E 1、 E 2表示) 。
(2) NH 3催化还原氮氧化物(SCR )技术是目前应最广泛烟气氮氧化物除技术。反 应原理如图
①图 2是不同催化剂 Mn 和 Cr 在同温度下对应的脱氮率,由图综合虑可最佳的化 剂和相应的温度
②用 Fe 做催化剂时,在氨气足量的情况下,不同 c (NO2)/c (NO)对应的氮率如图 3
脱氮效果最佳的 c (NO2)/c (NO)=______。
(3)工业上合成尿素的反应:2NH 3(g)+CO2(g)H 2O(g)+CO(NH2) 2 (l) ΔH 。 一个真恒容密闭容器中入 CO 2和 NH 3发生述反应,恒温度下合体中 NH 3的 体积分数
A 点的正反应速率 v 正 (CO2)_____B点的逆反应速率 v 逆 (CO2) (填 “ >” 、 “ <” 或 “=” ) ; CO 2的
2CO(NH2) 2+3O2===2N2+2CO2+4H2O 。电解质液硫酸,则
21. (12分) 某工厂用软锰矿
主要为 MnO 2, 含杂质 Al 2O 3和闪矿 (主要为 ZnS , 含杂质 FeS) 共 同生产电池的原料 Zn 和 MnO 2,同获得一些副产品,工艺
已知:硫酸浸取液的主要成分为 ZnSO 4、 MnSO 4、 Fe 2(SO4) 3、 Al 2(SO4) 3•
(1) “ 浸取 ” 时发生的反应中,还原产物为 _______________ (填化学式 ) 。
(2) ① “ 净化除杂 ” 时,加入的物质 X 可能为 ______________ (填选项字
A.MnCO 3B. Zn2(OH)2CO 3C.NaOH D. KOH
(3) “ 电解 ” 时,发生反应
(4)从 Na 2SO 4溶液中得到芒硝晶(Na 2SO 4• 10H2O ),需要进行实验操作有 ______、 _____、过滤、洗涤、
(5) Zn 和 MnO 2的传统生产工艺主要经历石焙烧、硫酸浸出、电解等过程,与传统工艺 相比,该工艺流程
(6) 已知:H 2S 的离常数 K 1=1.0×10− 7, K 2=7.0×10− 15。 0.1 mol/L NaHS的 pH___7(填 “>” “=” “<” ) 。 在废水处理中常用 H 2S 将 Mn 2+转化为 MnS 除去, 含有 0.020 mol·L − 1 Mn 2+废水中通
S 气体,调节溶液的 pH=a,当 HS − 浓度 1.0×10− 4 mol·L − 1时, Mn 2+
2. 试卷满分为 120分,考试时间为 120分钟。
一、单项选择(共 15小题;小题 1分,
在下列各题 A 、 B 、 C 、 D 四个项中选择一个能填题干白处的最佳
( )1. Mr. Yang always explains the difficult points many times ____ his students understand. A. to make B. make C. making D. makes
( )2. The number of families ____ have cars is increasing quickly nowadays.
A. what B. who C. whom D. that
( )3. -- I‟ll go to Qingdao for the summer vacation. -- Sounds like fun. ______.
A. Sorry to hear that B. I don‟t think so
C. I don‟t mind it D. Have a good time
( )4. -- Whose dictionary is this ? -- It ____ be Jack‟s. Here‟s his name.
A. must B. mustn‟t C. can D. can‟t
( )5. We should do what we can ____ our English.
A. improve B. improved C. to improve D. improving
( )6. _____ excellent news reporter he is! All of us are proud of him.
A. What B. How C. What an D. What a
( )7.-- Do you know Lily and Lucy?
-- Yes, but the twins look so similar that I always mistake the one for _____.
A. the other B. the others C. another D. other
( )8.-- Lisa, why are you still here? School is over.
-- I ____ my classroom yet. I need fifteen more minutes.
A. don‟t clean B. haven‟t cleaned C. didn‟t clean D. won‟t clean
( )9.-- Tommy, do you know if Frank ____ to the theater with us this Sunday if the weather ____. -- Sorry, I have no idea.
A. will go, is fine B. goes, is fine
C. will go, will be fine D. goes, will be fine
( )10.-- Bob, _____ is it from your home to school ? -- It‟s about ten minutes‟ walk.
A. how long B. how far C. how often D. how soon
( )11. Jack is very funny. He always makes us ____.
A. laugh B. laughing C. to laugh D. laughs
( )12. I was used to ______ late.
A .get up B. getting up C. got up D. be
( )13 ______ bad weather!
Yes, but it‟s going to be fine soon, I think.
A. How B. What a C. How a D. What
( )14. Thank you for the present you sent me. It‟s so nice.
A. Please don‟t say so. B. No, it isn‟t so good.
C. No, thanks. D. I‟m glad you like it.
( )15. The little boy can hardly ride a bike, _____ he?
A .doesn‟t B. does C. can‟t D. can
二、完形填空(共 15小题,小题 1分,满
阅读下列短文,从文后各题所给的 A 、 B 、 C 、 D 四个项中出一个最佳
When he was small, Hill was a famous bad boy.
At the age of 9, his father married his stepmother. At that time they lived in the poor countryside while His father Hill to his stepmother and said, “Dear, this is the __boy. Maybe before
To Hill‟s surprise, his stepmother went up to him with a
carefully. She then to tell her husband, “You‟re
Before his stepmother came, praised him smart, and his father and neighbours considered(认
2018年咸阳市中考英语押题卷与答案 (试满分 120分,考试时 120
1.答题前,考生务必用 0.5毫米黑色签字笔将学校、姓、考号、座号填写答题卡试卷 的相应
2.第Ⅰ卷每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂;需改动, 橡皮擦干净后,选涂其他答标号。答案不能写在
3.第Ⅱ卷必须用 0.5毫米黑色签字笔作答,答案须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相的置, 不写在试卷上;如需改动,先划掉原来答 案,然后再写上新
一、单项选择 (共 15小题;每小题 1分,
在下列各题 A 、 B 、 C 、 D 四个项中选择一个能填题干白处的最佳
1. Harry’s mom looks young and beautiful. It’s hard to imagine she is already _____ her ______.
A. in; fifty B. in; fifties C. on; fifties D. in; fiftieth
2. The nurse won’t leave her patients _______she’s sure they are all taken good care of.
A. unless B. because C.since D.if
3. If Peter ______, please ask him to leave a _________.
A. come; notice B. comes; message C. come; sentence D. comes; information
4. He has _____ for two years. Two years ______ a long time.
A.left home; are B. left home; is
C. been away from home; are D. been away from home; is
5. _________your sweater, _________you may catch a cold.
A. Take off; and B. Take off; or C. Put on; and D. Put on; or
6. — Why was it so noisy on the fourth floor just now?
— Oh, I forgot to tell you. Many children _______ Ann’s birthday there.
A. celebrated B. are celebrating