一般过去式的用法: 一般过去Shi表示过去的动作和状态,通常一般过去式带You表示动作时间状语的词,词组或从句,如 yesterday, the day before last, last week, two days ago Deng,上下文清楚时可以不带时间状语。 I worked in that factory last year. Qu年我在那一家工厂工作。 I met him yesterday. Zuo天我碰见了他。 I went to the Tian Long Mountain yesterday. Zuo天我们去了天龙山。 一般过去式Gou成:表示一般过去式的动词通常用动词的过去式形Shi来表示,而动词的过去式是在动词原形的基Chu上变化的。 动词的过去式可分为规则动词He不规则动词。 a.规则动词的过去式变化Ru下: ①一般情况下在动词原形后Zhi接加-ed。如:wanted,played, worked played ,acted, looked called opened needed。 ②Yi不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去掉e再Jia-ed。如:hoped,lived。 ③Yi一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,双写词尾Fu音字母,再加 -ed,如: stopped planned fitted ④Yi辅音字母+y结尾的动词变y为i,再加-ed。Ru:studied,worried, tried ,copied ,cried, carried。 Yi原音字母加y结尾的词,直接加-ed play enjoy stay played enjoyed stayed Gui则动词过去式的读音也有规律可循。请Ji住:清后[t],元浊[d],[t] [d]Zhi后读[id]。 ①清辅音[p] [k] [f] [s]Deng后,ed要读[t]。如:worked,finished。 ②Yuan音或浊辅音[b] [g] [v] [z] [m]Deng后,ed要读[d]。如:lived,called。 ③[t]Huo[d]后,ed读[id]。如:started,needed。 b.Bu规则动词变化 不规则动词的过去式变化Gui律性不强,须多加记忆。 1.动词原形He过去式完全同形。 例: hurt(Shang害) put(放) let(让) 2.Dong词原形、过去式形式完全不同。 Li: give(给) gave fly(Fei) flew drink(喝) drank see(Kan见) saw go(去) went make - made get - got buy - bought come came know (Zhi道) knew wear(穿) wore speak(Shuo) spoke be动词过去式有Liang种形式,主语是第一、三人称单数形式使用was,Qi他人称用were 6 现在分词的Bian化规则 一般在动词原形词尾加-ing,go push play carry going pushing playing carrying Yi不发音的e结尾的动词,先去掉e,再加-ing take write leave taking writing leaving Zhong读闭音节结尾的动词,如果词尾只有一个辅Yin字母,要将该辅音字母双写,再加-ing cut stop fit begin forget cutting stopping fitting beginning forgetting Yiie结尾的动词,要把ie改为y,再Jia-ing 牛津英语6A英语语法(Er) 一般过去时 定义:表示过去某时Fa生的动作或存在的状态。 结构:“Zhu语+动词的过去式” 用法: 1.Biao示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。 He was here yesterday. I got up at seven yesterday morning. My mother was at work yesterday afternoon. Did you have a good time last summer? 2.Biao示过去经常或反复发生的动作。 My mother often went to work by taxi last year. When I was a student, I often listened to music. 3. Chang与一般过去时态连用的时间有: at that time, then, at that moment, yesterday, yesterday morning (afternoon, evening…)last night (week, month, year…),Yi段时间 +ago(several days ago), two days ago, a week ago, three years ago…in 1990, (in 1997…) ,just now, long before, long, long ago Er. 动词过去式构成规则 (一)1、Yi般在动词原形末尾加– ed help → helped, look → looked, play → played, work → worked, listen → listened, wash →washed, clean → cleaned, 2、Jie尾是 e 的动词加 -- d live---lived hope---hoped use---used like --- liked 3、Mo尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节词,先双写Zhe个辅音字母,再加—ed stop---stopped plan---planned 4、Jie尾是“辅音字母+y”的动词,先变“y”Wei“i”再加—ed study---studied carry ---carried cry --- cried worry → worried (Er) 动词过去式的读音规则 规则Dong词加-ed的读音:基本规则是轻轻,浊浊,既在Qing辅音后加ed读轻辅音/t/。在浊辅音及元Yin后加ed读浊辅音/d/ 。 Li: ask → asked /a:skt/, cook → cooked /kukt/, pass → passed /pa:st/, Li: move → moved /mu:vd/, live → lived / livd/, listen →listened /`lisnd/, stay → stayed /steid/ Zai/t/ /d/ 之后念 /id/ , 即 ed Zai /t/ /d/ 音后面念 /id/ Li:shout → shouted // , start → started /sta:tid/,want →wanted /wantid/, need → needed /`ni:did/ (San)不规则动词的过去式: a.过Qu式与动词原形的拼写形式相同:let → let, put → put, read →read,(Zhu意read的过去式读[red]) b. i → a: begin → began, drink → drank, give → gave, ring →rang, sing → sang, sit → sat, swim → swam c. i → o: drive → drove, ride → rode, write → wrote d. ow → ew: grow → grew, know → knew, throw → threw e. Hanough或augh的:bring → brought, buy → bought, think →thought;catch → caught, teach → taught f. am is ---was are ---were do---did can---could come---came Bu规则动词的过去式平时出现要留心,逐个熟记,Zhu意积累。 三. 句型转化: 1.be Dong词的过去时的句型如下: (1)Fou定句:主语 + be动词的过去式(was, were)+ not… (2)Yi问句: be动词的过去式(was, were)+ Zhu语…? a.He was busy yesterday. (Ken定句) 他昨天很忙。 b.He was not busy yesterday. (Fou定句) 他昨天不忙。 c.Was he busy yesterday? (Yi问句) 他昨天忙吗? d.There weren’t any boys in the room.Fang间里没有男孩儿。 e. Were there any boys in the room? Fang间里有男孩儿吗? 2.行为动Ci的否定式和疑问式: (1)若肯定Ju中只有一个行为动词,那就得在行为动词前Jia上did not或缩略式didn’t,Bing把这个行为动词由过去式改为动词原形。例如: a. I called Lin Tao yesterday afternoon. →I did not / didn’t call Lin Tao yesterday afternoon. b. I borrowed a book from Sun Yang last Sunday. → I didn’t borrow a book from Sun Yang last Sunday. (2) Xing为动词的一般疑问句 若在陈述句中只You行为动词的过去式,那就得在句首加上一个Zhu动词 did来帮助提问,然后Ba句中的行为动词由过去式改为动词原形,并Zai句末打上 问号。回答时别忘了还用did.Li如: a. We stayed there for 10 days last month. → Did you stay there for 10 days last month? Yes, we did. / No, we didn’t. b. Mary had a delicious dinner yesterday evening. → Did Mary have a delicious dinner yesterday evening? Yes, she did. / No, she didn’t Lian习: 一.用所给动词的适当形Shi填空。 1. We ______ (live) in Japan last year. 2. Susan_______ (stop) the car on the street yesterday. 3. My mother_______ (clean) my room and ______(study) for the English test last Sunday. 4. What ______ you ______(do) last night? 5. On Saturday morning I _____(play) football. Er.用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空。 (1) May__________ (finish) her homework very late yesterday evening. (2) Han Mei __________ (bring) her pet to the park that day. (3) His father __________ (buy) a new computer for him last week. (4) Miss Du__________ (walk) to work every day last term. (5) We __________ (move) to Shenyang 8 years ago. (6) __________ you __________ (have) bread for breakfast this morning? (7) She __________ (give) me a nice present last night. (8) The police __________ (stop) the car and __________ (catch) the thief (Xiao偷) just now. (9) Tom __________ (carry) water for the old man last Saturday. (10)Uncle Wang _____________ ( come )into the room and __________ ( find ) something to eat. (11).Lily ______________ ( study ) in the classroom for two hours and then _________ ( leave ). (12).Jimmy __________ ( do ) a lot today. He _________ ( go ) shopping and ________ ( cook ) supper. (13).We _________ ( go ) to the cinema last night. The film ___________ ( be ) very good. (14).What time _________ you __________ ( get ) to school this morning? San.按要求变换下列句型,每空一词。 (1) Wei Fang cleaned the classroom an hour ago. (Gai为一般疑问句,并作肯定和否定回答) __________ Wei Fang __________ the classroom an hour ago? __________, she __________. __________,she __________. (2) Li Hong did her homework yesterday afternoon. (Gai为否定句) Li Hong __________ __________ her homework yesterday afternoon. (3) Uncle Li drove a truck to Wuhan three months ago(Gai成一般疑问句) __________ Uncle Li __________a truck to Wuhan three months ago? (4) Miss Gao taught them English last term.(Dui划线部分提问) __________ __________ Miss Gao __________ __________ English? (5) Mr Ren always went to work on foot last year. (Dui划线部分提问) __________Mr Gao ________ to work last year? (6)Lucy did her homework at home.(Gai否定句) Lucy _______ _______ her homework at home. (7)He found some meat in the fridge.(Bian一般疑问句) ______ he _____ ______ meat in the fridge? (8)She stayed there for a month.(Dui划线部分提问) ______ ______ _____ she _____ there? (9)There was some tea in the cup.(Bian一般疑问句) _____ there _____ tea in the cup? Si. 选择 ( )1.The two __________in the same class last year. A. are B. was C. were ( )2.---Where__________ you ? ----I went to buy some food for supper. A.are go B.did go C.do go ( )3.The students in Li Lei’s class__________ on a farm last week. A. work B. works C. worked ( )4.__________ that worker __________in a shoe factory a year ago? A. Do, work B.Did, worked C. Did, work ( )5.---Have you found your pen ? ----Yes, I__________ it two hours ago. A. found B. find C. finded ( )6. __________your mother __________to work last Saturday? A. Did, go B. Do, go C. Does, go ( )7.They__________ not late the day before yesterday. A. did B. were C. are ( )8.__________ they away from school last October? A. Did B. Were C. Do ( )9. __________you__________ to school last Sunday? A. Did, come B. Do, come C. Were, come ( )10.What __________they__________ for breakfast last week? A. were, have B. did, have C. will, have ( )11.My friend __________his homework fifteen minutes ago. A. finish B. finishes C. finished ( )12.The boys__________ only two subjects last term, but this term they__________ five. A. have, have B. had, had C. had, have ( )13.Why __________Ann __________TV last night ? A. didn’t, watch B. don’t ,watch C. doesn’t , watch ( )14.They stopped here because they__________ the way to the station. A. didn’t know B. don’t know C. will know ( )15---Where __________ you find your ticket? ----I __________it on the ground. A. did, found B. do, found C. were, find Wu.将下列各词重新排序使其成为正确的句Zi: 1. you go the did to city yesterday (?) _______________________________ 2. did he what in eat evening the (?) ______________________________ 3. went there I taxi by (.) ______________________________ 4. walked to the she back school (.) ______________________________ 5. it rainy was yesterday (?) ______________________________ Da案 一.1. lived 2.stopped 3.cleaned studied 4.did do 5.played Er.1. finished 2.brought 3.bought 4.walked 5.moved 6. Did, have 7. gave 8.stopped, caught 9.carried 10.came found. 11.studied;left 12.did; went;cooked 13.went;was 14.did;get San.1.Did; clean; Yes sh did/No she didn’t 2.didn’t do 3.Did drive 4.When; did ;teach them. 5.How did go 6.didn’t do 7.Did find any 8.How long did stay 9.Was any Si.1.C 2.B 3.C 4.C 5.A 6.A 7.B 8.B 9.A 10.B 11.C 12.C 13.A 14.A 15.A Wu.1.Did you go to the city yesterday? 2.What did he eat in the evening? 3.I went there by taxi. 4.She walked back to the school. 5. Was it rainy yesterday?
1. 一般过去时的定义 一般Guo去时表示过去某一时候或某一段时间所发生Liao的事情或存在的状态。常与过去时间yesterday, this morning, just now, a moment ago, in May, last night / year / week, once upon a time, the other day, before …, when – clause, in the pastLian用。如: What did you do yesterday? Zuo天你干了什么? I met Lin Tao this morning. Jin天上午我会到了林涛。 I was there a moment ago. Gang才我在那儿。 2. 一般过去时De应用 (1) 表示过去某时所发生的动作Huo存在的状态。如: Liu Ying was in America last year. Liu英去年在美国。 Jim rang you just now. Ji姆刚才给你打了电话。 (2) 表示过去Jing常或反复发生的动作。常接时间副词often, usually, always, sometimes, every day / week, etc. Ru: We often went out for a walk after supper. Wo们过去常在晚饭后散步。 We usually played together. Wo们通常一起玩。 (from www.yygrammar.com) 3. Yi般过去时对谓语动词的要求 一般过去时De谓语动词要用动词的过去式。动词过去式的构成Fen规则变化和不规则变化两种形式,不规则Bian化通常需要逐个记忆,规则变化则遵循以下原Ze: (1) 一般在动词后加-ed。Ru:play—played, offer—offered, weigh—weighed, destroy— destroyed, sign—signed. (2) Zai以字母e结尾的动词后,只加-d。如:like—liked, provide—provided, hate — hated, date—dated。 (3) Zai以―辅音字母+y‖结尾的动词后,则改yWeii,再加—ed。如:supply—supplied, fly—flied, study— studied. (from www.yygrammar.com) (4) Zai以单短元音的重读闭音节结尾且,末尾只You一个辅音字母的动词后,双写最后一个辅音字母,Zai加-ed。如:plan—planned, refer—referred, regret—regretted, ban—banned. 4. Te别说明 有些动词的过去时,如:expect, hope, intend, plan, wanted Deng一般过去时,后接不定式的完成时;或它们的过Qu完成时接不定式的一般式,都可表示过Qu未曾实现的意图、打算或希望。如: I hoped to have been invited to his wedding party. —I had hoped to be invited to his wedding ceremony. Wo本希望他来邀请我参加他的婚礼。 I intended to have joined their games. —I had intended to join their games. Wo本打算参加他们的比赛。
1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生De动作或存在的状态，常和表示过去的时间状Yu连用，如，yesterday,last night,in 1990,two years agoDeng。 2. 也表示过去经常或反复发Sheng的动作，常和ofen,alwaysDeng表示频度的时间状语连用。例如： I got up at 6:30 yesterday. He always went to work by bus last year. 3.Qi构成分规则与不规则两类。 规则Xing式 （1）构成规则 A.一般在动Ci原形末尾加ed B. 以e结尾的Dong词直接加d C.末尾只有一个辅音字母的Zhong读闭音节词，先双写这个辅音字母，再加ed D.Yi辅音字母加y结尾的动词，先改y为i再Jiaed （2)读音规则 清辅Yin后面读/t/；浊辅音，元音后面读/d/；/t/，/d/Hou面读/id/ 不规则动词就不一一举例了 Yi般过去时 一般过去时表示过去某个时间Fa生的动作或存在的状态，常和表示过去的时间状Yu连用，如：then,at that time,at that moment,just now,just then , recently,yesterday,yesterday morning(afternoon,evening),last night, last week(month,year,Sunday,January);during the war,a few days(months,years)ago,in 1978,on the evening of May 4,at 9:00Deng。也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作，常和 often,alwaysDeng表示频度的时间状语连用。例如：一般过Qu式的在句中是由动词的过去式来体现。1．Yi般过去时的肯定句：I got up at 6:30 yesterday.Zuo天我六点三十分才起床。My father was at work yesterday afternoon.Wo父亲昨天下午在工作。He always went to work by bus last year.Qu年他一直乘公共汽车上班。2．一般过去Shi的否定句：He didn’t get up at 6:30 yesterday.My father was not at work yesterday afternoon.They didn’t go to work by bus last week.3．Yi般过去时的一般疑问句及其简略回答：Did he get up at 6:30 yesterday? Yes,he did./No,he didn’t.Was your father at work yesterday afternoon? Yes,he was./No,he wasn’t.Did they go to work by bus last week? Yes,they did./No,they didn’t. Gui则动词过去式的构成有四点：1. play→played, start→started.2. Yi般在动词原形末尾直接加-ed。如：look→looked, Ru果单词是以e结尾的动词，只要加-d。Ru： 如果单词是重读音节，且末尾Zhi有一个辅live→lived, hope→hoped, use→used.3. trip→tripped.4. Yin字母，先双写最后的这个辅音字母，然Hou再加-ed。如： stop→stopped, plan→planned, Ru果单词是“辅音字母+y” 结尾的动词，先将“y”Bian为“i”，再加-ed。如： study→studied, carry→carried, worry→worried.Bu规则动词过去式:bring（过去式） ----broughtNa来；取来；带来buy（过去式）----boughtGou买；买come（过去式）----cameLai；来到draw（过去式）----drew画find（Guo去式）----found寻找；查找get（过Qu式）----got得到；带来know（Guo去式）----knew知道；了解learn（Guo去式）----learned/learntXue习；学；学会make（过去式）----madeZhi作；使得；迫使put（过去式）----putBai；放；安置 run（过去式）----ranPao；奔跑say（过去式）----saidShuo；讲sell（过去式）----sold卖；Shou；销sing（过去式）----sangChang；唱歌speak（过去式）----spokeShuo；说话swim（过去式）----swam游泳take（Guo去式）----took拿走；带到tell（Guo去式）----told告诉；讲述think（Guo去式）----thought想；思考understand（Guo去式）----understood懂得；Liao解；获悉wake（过去式）----wokeXing；醒来；唤醒wear（过去式）----woreChuan戴；佩戴write（过去式）----wroteShu写pay （过去式）----paidFu钱 （名词）付钱；薪金sleep（过去式）----sleptShui；睡觉give（过去式）----gaveGei予；让予；交付go（过去式）----wentQu，到spend（过去式）----spentDu过；消磨（时间）read （过去式）----readKan，读see (过去式)----saw看见，见Daosit（过去式）----sat坐，坐Xiaride（过去式）----rode乘