被动语态考点精练(附详解) 1. All the employees except the manager _______ to work online at home. A. encourages B. encourage C. is encouraged D. are encouraged Ju子的主语是all the employees(Fu数),而不是the manager,排Chu答案A和C;又根据encourage sb to do sthZhe一句式可知all the employees Yuencourage是被动关系,要用被动Yu态,排除B。 2. —The window is dirty. —I know. It _______ for weeks. A. hasn’t cleaned B. didn’t clean C. wasn’t cleaned D. hasn’t been cleaned Youis dirty和for weeks可Zhi,此处要用现在完成时态,排除B和C;又Yin为It (=The window)与cleanShi被动关系,要用被动语态,所以选? 3. More patients _______ in hospital this year than last year. A. treated B. have treated C. had been treated D. have been treated Yin为patients与treat是被动关Xi,谓语要用被动语态,排除A和B; this year (Jin年)应当包括现在在内,所以要用现在完成Shi,所以选? 4. According to the art dealer, the painting _______to go for at least a million dollars. A. is expected B. expects C. expected D. is expecting Yin为the painting与expect (Yu料、估计) 是被动关系,要用被动语态,Bei动语态由“be+过去分词”构成,所以只You?正确。 5. —George and Lucy got married last week. Did you go to the wedding? —No, I _______. Did they have a big wedding? A. was not invited B. have not been invited C. hadn’t been invited D. didn’t invite Yin为I与invite是被动关系,要用被动Yu态,又因为邀请应当发生在结婚之前,got marriedShi过去,invite就该是过去的过去,所Yi用过去完成时的被动语态,只有?正确。 6. The number of deaths from heart disease will be reduced greatly if people _______to eat more fruit and vegetables. A. persuade B. will persuade C. be persuaded D. are persuaded Yin为“劝某人做某事”的英语表https://www.fanwen99.cn/article/144268768.html达是persuade sb to do sth,Xian然people 与persuadeShi被动关系,应该用被动语态,排除A和B。You因为主语是一般将来时,条件句中用一般现Zai时,所以选? 7. The hero’s story _______differently in the newspapers. A. was reported B. was reporting C. reports D. reported “Na个英雄的事迹”与“报道”是被动关系,用Bei动语态。 8. Millions of pounds’ worth of damage _______by a storm which swept across the north of England last night. A. has been caused B. had been caused C. will caused D. will have been caused You过去式swept和last nightKe知,要用过去时态,排除选项C和D;此处Mei一个相比较的过去时间或动作来说明是“过Qu的过去”,不用过去完成时,排除选项B;Zhi有选项?正确,这里用现在完成时强调昨天Wan上的这场瀑风雨所造成的影响现在依然存在。 9. More than a dozen students in that school _______abroad to study medicine last year. A. sent B. were sent C. had sent D. had been sent Yin为students与send是被动关系,Pai除选项A和C;因last year常与 Yi般过时连用,排除选项D。 10. With more forests being destroyed, huge quantities of good earth _______each year. A. is washing away B. is being washing away C. are washing away D. are being washed away Yinquantities of…作主语,谓Yu动词用复数,排除选项A和B;good earth(Wo土)与wash away(冲走)是被动Guan系,排除选项C。11.—Why did you leave that position? —I _______a better position at IBM. A. offer B. offered C. am offered D. was offered Yin为是“我”“被提供”职位,“我”才离开Liao原来的那个职位,所以用被动语态;由问句Zhong的did可知,此处也用一般过去时。 12. Although the causes of cancer _______, we do not yet have any practical way to prevent it. A. are being uncovered B. have been uncovering C. are uncovering D. have uncovered “Ai症的原因”应该是“被”揭开,故应用被动Yu态;另外,从句意 上看,此处应用Xian在进行时。 13. The construction of the two new railway lines _______ by now. A. has completed B. have completed C. have been completed D. has been completed Cong句意上看,“铁路线”的建设应该是“被”Wan成,故要用被动语态;再根据句末的by nowKe知,此处应用现在完成时。 14. Customers are asked to make sure that they _______ the right change before leaving the shop. A. will give B. have been given C. have given D. will be given Cong句意上看,“零钱”应该是“被”找给,故Yao用被动语态;再根据一般的常识,此处应用Xian在完成时而不是一般将来时。 15. Mr. Green stood up in defence of the 16-year-old boy, saying that he was not the one _______. A. blamed B. blaming C. to blame D. to be blamed to blameXi惯上直接用主动式表示被动意义,又如:Nobody is to blame for it. Shui也不该埋怨。I must say that I am very much to blame. Wo得说这全怪我。 答案: 1、D 2、D 3、D 4、A 5、C 6、D 7、A 8、A 9、B 10、D 11、D 12、A 13、D 14、B 15、C
(被动)The book was written by Mr.Zhang.Zhe本书是张先生写的。(被动)。That in 1969 the first artificial satellite was launched to the space is known to man.1969Nian第一颗人造卫星上了天是众所周知的,这里Yongto man 而不用by。即当单数有无Guan词的man和known 搭配时,表示人Lei不用by.接年,月,日,季,星期,周,Jie词省略已习惯例:一天one day(不Shuoon one day)one summer Zai一个夏天one year 一年last nieht, last Friday, last month, last year, yesterday afternoon, tomorrow afternoon, tomorrow evening, next month, next week, next year, next Saturday, this morning ,this year, this Tuesday, this Autumn, that morning, that evening,Wu论前面介词in,on还是at,通通可省Lue,不能说at last night, on last Friday, in last month, in this year Zhe些都是不对的,须去掉介词。Over,under Zheng上下,above, below则不然若Yu数量词连用,混合使用亦无关例:There is a picture over the window.(Zheng上下).The plane flew above the city.Fei机飞过城市上空。高于城市并非正上方。A lamp was hanging over the table.Yi盏灯是在方桌上方。(正上方)。The moon was now above the trees in the east.Zhe时月亮已经在东边树林的上方。(非正上方)。Don’t stand above the masses.Wu高踞于群众之上,(比喻-非正上方).The mountain is 700 feet above sea level.Zhe座山海拔700米(非正上方)。There is a small building below the hill.Shan下有座小楼房,(非正下方)。There is a submarine under the water.Shui下有艘潜水艇,(正下方)Water was found ten feer below the surface.Zai地面下10英尺处找到了水,(非正下方)。The peasants are cooling themselves under the threes.Nong民们正在树下乘凉。(正下方)over under Zheng上下,低高below与above 。The tempelature in the room is below(or under)30C,Shi温是摄氏30度以下,(数量词两者皆可),Do you have anything in the way of computers below (under)$10000?Ni们有哪些价格低于10000美元的计算机?(Shu量词两者皆可)beyond超出,无,不Neng例:It’s quite beyond me(It is more than I can understand),Zhe我完全不懂。Don’t stay out beyond 10 o’clock.https://www.fanwen99.cn/article/144268883.htmlBu要在外呆到10点以后还不回家。But the gratitude from the bottom of my heart to the students and my old colleagues. has gone beyond my control.Fa自肺腑的对学生们和我的老同事们的感激之Xin使我毫不紧张,毫不拘束。You work is beyond all praise. so good that can’t be praised enough.Ni的成绩是赞扬不尽的。That is going beyond a joke, passes the limits of what is reasonable as a joke.Na样开玩笑太过火了。They were touched beyond words.Ta们被感动得无法形容。(无)。To do this was quite beyond all beyond all doubts.Ban这事我无能为力。(超出)This is inevitable and bevond all doubts.Zhe是必然的,毫无疑义,(无)另外,Beyond two cottages stood his house.Ju子中的beyond 是“那边”的意思,against Kao着,对与反例:In front of the wardrobe there are two upholstered armchairs arranged against the south wall near the door.Li柜前面是两把沙发椅,靠着南城门附近。(Kao着)She leaned wearily against the railings.Ta疲惫地靠着栏杆站着,(靠着)A new president was elected by a majority of 274 votes against 110.Xin总统以274票对110票的多数当选。 (Dui……)besides, except Fen内外,among 之内along 沿例:The design has many other advantages besides lower cost.Chu费用低外,该设计还有许多其他优点,(优Dian包括在内)He had no time to prepare his lecture. besides which he was unwell.Ta没有时间准备讲稿,而且他的身体也不太舒Shi。Every one of us .except her ,went to see the exhibition.Chu她外,我们都去参观了展览会。He gets up early day except Sunday.Chu星期日外他每天早起。Nobody was late except me.Chu我以外,每人迟到。同类比较except,Jiafor 异类记心间。He’s composition is good ,except for some spelling mistakes,Ta的这篇作文写得很好,只是有几处拼写错误, (Fei同类比较用except for)She was all alone in the world except for an old aunt .Chu了有一个老姑妈,他别无亲人。Anna felt disappointed when she found out they had gone swimming without her.(without=except)Dang安娜发现除她外,他们都去游泳了,她感到Hen失望。Lion Head Hill is not worth seeing except for its old temples.Chu了那些古寺以外,石头山没什么可看的。Among other things .we are interested in drawing.Wo们对 (among之内即包括在内)Yuan状because 图画和别的一些东西很Gan兴趣。 of,owing to,due toBiao语形容词例:Owing to our joint efforts, the task was fulfilled ahead of schedule.You于我们的共同努力,任务提前完成注:Owing to Hebecause of 都做原因状语,而due to Zhi能做表语形容词。所以词句owing toDe介词短语做原因状语。All our achievements are due to the correct leadership of our Party,Wo们的一切成绩都归功于党。(due to Zuo表语形容词)under后接修,建中,of ,fromWu化分 例:The road is under repair now.Zhe条路正在修建中。The now railway is still under construction.Xin铁路尚在修建中。(不能用in)under discussion Zai讨论中(不能用in)under considerat Zai考虑中(不能用in)The desk is made of wood .Zhuo子是木头做的。(物理变化用of)The wine made from grape.Zhe种酒是用葡萄酿造的。(化学变化)The bridge is made of steel.Zhe座桥是钢制的。(物理变化)Steel is made from iron.Gang是由铁炼成的。(化学变化)before, after Biao一点,ago, later表示一段即before, afterChang标示一个点的时间状语,而ago, laterChang表示以短的时间状语。例如:前天the before yesterday ;Qian年the year before last;Da上星期the week before last Deng等都表示点状语的。要想准确无误地使用好before Heago, after和later比较困Nan,但要是以“点”和“段”来区别就容易得Duo,例:晚饭前before supper Jie放前before liberation 1970 Nian前before 1970 文革前before cultural revolution Guo庆前before Nation Day Ru大学前before coming to collage Zhe些都是“点”状语,因为1970年前即1970Nian1月1日前,国庆节即10月1日前,ago Biao示一段时间。例:一分钟前a minute ago Ban小时前half an hour ago Liang天前two days ago一星期前a week ago Wu年前five years ago 因为a minute. half an hour. two days. a week. Five years Deng都表示一段时间,所以用ago.以及用ago。Yi及ten days later 等皆如Ci。Before可接完成时, ago过去Ji有限这时的before是连词(也可作介Ci);例:We had scarcely left our school before it began to rain.Wo们刚离开学校,甜酒下雨了。(完成时)I had studied French for four months before I came here. Wo来这儿以前就已学了四个月语法了,(before Jie完成时)He fell ill three days ago.Ta病了三天了。(ago则只能接动词过去式,Tong时注意瞬间动词的问题。)He left two months ago.Liang个月前他离开了。(同上) I met her a few minutes ago.Wo在几分钟前碰到他了。(同上)sinceYi来during间,since时态多变换Yu之相比beside,除了last but one。Jibeside的一般用方法是“在……旁边”,Dan还有“和……相比”等特殊用法。例:I felt so weak in spoken English beside them.He他们相比,我感到我的口语太差。Beside work and study, all else was trivial.Tong工作和学习比起来,其他一切都是小事,除Liaolast but one,即but 多Zhi“除了”的意思,也有“倒数第几”的意思。Last but oneJi不是最后一个,例:I haven’t told anybody but one.Chu了我爱人,我谁也没告诉。(除了)Who but a fool would study foreign language well if he is a hard working one .Ru果他勤奋好学的话,除了傻瓜谁都能学好外Yu。(除了)Look at the last page but one.Qing看倒数第2页。He was the but three in maths examination this time.Ta这次数学考试成绩倒数第四。They live in the next house but one.Ta们住在隔壁过去一家,复不定for,找,Jia,原,对,给,段,去,味,作,赞复不定for,Ji用for 引出的不定式复合结构,也就是forJia名(代)加不定式;找,意为找到,提供;Jia,意为价格,工资;原,意为原因;段,意Wei时间或距离;去,意为去某地或开
1.The classroom is cleaned by you every day. 2.Chopsticks are used by Chinese people. 3.The pet dog is treated kindly by its owner. 4.I’m respected by my students. 5.Little Tom is often laughed at because of his accent. 1. A dog was knocked down by a car yesterday. 2.Mary’s bike was stolen just now. 3.Two boys were found cheating in yesterday’s exam. 4.Fortunately no one was hurt in the fire. 1.Next week, a sports meeting will be held in our school. 2.In the near future, more advances in the robot technology will be made by scientists. 3.As people pay more attention to environment protection, more and more trees will be planted. 4. A lecture is going to be given by a famous teacher tomorrow. 1.Our teacher told us a sports meeting would be held in our school next week. 2.Miss zhang said a lecture was going to be given by a famous teacher tomorrow. 1.They are living with their parents for the moment because their own house is being rebuilt. 2.The church is being restored now. It will open to tourists soon. 3.My bike is being repaired now, so I have to go to work on foot. 1.After school we went to the reading room. But it was being decorated. 2.Some delicious food was being cooked by my mom when I came back home. 1.Many of Moyan’s books have been translated into other languages so far. 2.English has been learned by us for many years. 3.My key has been lost, so I can't go back home. 4.The project has been finished, so the workers are leaving. 1.The dinner had been prepared well when I arrived home. 2.All work had been finished before the boss came back. 3.I found many trees had been destroyed by the storm. 1.The flowers should be watered every day. 2.Children can be taken to the cinema free on Childen’s Day. 3.Everyone may be misunderstood sometimes. 4.Nobody should be looked down upon. 1.The car needs to be repaired./The car needs repairing. 2.My pet needs to be trained./ My pet needs training. 3.My car wants to be cleaned./ My car wants cleaning. 4.English requires to be read./ English requires reading. 1.The book sells well. 2.The cloth washes easily. 3.The pen writes smoothly. 4.The pair of shoes wear comfortably. 5.The window won’t close. 6.The door won’t open. 7.The ink won’t come out. 1.The dog looks frightening. 2.The flower smells sweet. 3.The cake taste delicious. 4.The stone weighs 100 tons. 5.The tree measures 20 metres tall.