1.What are the two major parties in Britain? ------They are the Conservative Party and the Labour Party. 2.What is the official full name of Britain? -----It is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. 3.Who is the head of government in Ireland? -----It is the Prime Minister. 4.Who is James Joyce? -----He is the most well-know Irish writer of the modern period. 5.Who were the first Americans? ------They were the Indians. 6.What kind of economic system does the United States have? -----It has a free-market economy with a dominant private sector. 7.What is bilingualism? -----The phenomenon that English and French are the two official languages in Canada is called bilingualism. 8.What are the geographical feature of Australia as a continent? ------Australia is the flatest and lowest of the continents. 9.What are the powers the constitution confers on the House of Representatives? ------The House of Representatives has powers to make and change laws. 10.What animal is a national symbol of New Zealand? ------The kiwi is a national symbol of the country. 11.What is the Renaissance? ------Renaissance was the revival of classical literature and artistic styles in European history. 12.What are the most important journals in the U.K.? ------They are the Economist,New Statesman and Society,and Spectator. 13.Why is the Shannon River important to Ireland? ------Because it provides electricity for much of the Republic. 14.How many states are there in the United States? ------There are 50 states in the United States. 15.What is Hispanic? ------A Hispanic is a Spanish-speaking person of the United States. 16.What is the Bill of Rights? -------It is the term used for the first ten amendments to the Constitution. 17.What is the Canada Council? -----It is the Canadian Government’s funding agency. 18.What is Aborigines? -------It is the term used to describe the original people of Australia.19.What was the nature of the White Australia Policy? ------It was a discriminatory immigration policy,which restricted the non –whites to enter Australia. 20.What are New Zealand’s main exports? ------Meat,wool and dairy products are main exports. 21.What was Queen Mary known as? ------She was known as the “Bloody Mary”and also remembered as the monarch who lost the last British possession on the continent------French port of calais. 22.What did Britain become after the Industrial Revolution? -----Britain became the “workshop of the world”. 23.What is the House of Lords made up of? ------It is made up of the Lords Spiritual and the Lords Temporal. 24.What are the two major parties in Ireland? ------They are Fianna Fail and Fine Gael. 25.What is meant by “Vietnamization”of the war? --------It meant that South Vietnamese troops would be war-built up to replace Americal fighting force. 26.Which country is the world’s biggest producer and user of tobacco? ------It is the U.S.A.. 27.Who was the only writer in colonial period still read today? -------He was Benjamin Franklin. 28.Who was the first prime minister in Canada? ------He was Sir John Macdonald. 29.What was the convict system? ------In the convict system, the convicts were punished by being transported to remote places. 30.How is New Zealand electricity produced? ------It is produced by: firstly,hydropower;secondly,gas;thirdly,coal. 31.What is the most important established Church in Britain? -----It is the Church of England. 32.What is the jury’s job in Britain? ------In criminal cases,it is to decide the issue of guilt or innocence. 33.Where were oil and natural gas found in Britain? ------Oil and natural gas are found under the North Sea. 34.What are the characteristics of Ireland’s climate? -----It can be described as “mild,moist and changeable”. 35.What did the real Americal Literature begin? -----It began after the America War of Independence. 36.Where is the president of the United States’offcial residence? -----The White House is his official residence. 37.What kind of history do people often say that the history of Canada? ------People often say that the history of Canada is a history of immigration. 38.What is “urban sprawl’’? ------It refers to a city that has grown over a large area of land. 39.What is the way of changing the constitution in Australia? ------The Constitution can be changed only by referendum. 40.Where is the volcanic activity in New Zealand? ------The volcanic activity can be found on the central plateau in North Island. 41.What are the three natural zones in Scotland? ------They are the Highlands in the north,the central Lowlands and the southern Uplands. 42.What was the Gunpowder plot of 1605? ------It was the most famous of the Catholic conspiracies. 43.What did the English Industrial Revolution begin with? -----It began with the textile industry. 44.What is the capital of Ireland? ------It is Dublin. 45.Which state is the largest in the United States? ------Alaska is the largest one. 46.What is the American foreign policy in the early 1930s? -----In the early 1930s,the American foreign policy was isolationist. 47.What is affirmative action? ------It is the preferential treatment for minorities and women in education and employment. 48.What was established in 1670 in Canada? ------The English Hudson Bay Company was established in 1670. 49.Which hemisphere is Australia in? ------It is in the Southern hemisphere. 50.Where is the capital of New Zealand? ------It is Wellington. 51.Who were the Vikings? -----The Vikings were the Norwegians and the Danes from Denmark. 52.Which system was completely established under William in English? -----The feudal system was completely established under William in English. 53.What are the main courts of civil jurisdiction in England and Wales? -----They are the Country Courts. 54.When did Ireland declare itself a republic? ------Ireland declared itself a republic on April 18,1949. 55.Where is known as the agricultural capital of the U.s.? -----Omaha is known as the argricultural capital of the U.S.A.. 56.What is the most central functions of the Congress in America? -----It is the passage of laws. 57.What is Mark Twain’s master work? -----It is the Adventure of Huckleberry Finn. 58.Which city is Canada’s largest city? -----It is Toronto. 59.What was Australia called in the 1950s? ------Australia was called “the lucky country”in the 1950s. 60.What do you think is the most noticeable feature of New Zealand geography? -----It is mountains widely spread all over the country where active volcanoes scatter. 61.Which war was relatively smooth,with no bloodshed,nor any execution of the king in Britain? ------It is the Glorious Revolution. 62.What are the three periods as far as the evolution of the British economy is concerned? -------There are steady development in the 50s and 60s,economic recession in the 70s and economic recovery in the 80s.63.What is a constitutional monarchy? ------It is a governmental system in which the head of State is a king or a queen who reigns but does not rule. 64.What is the chief language of instruction in Ireland? -----It is English. 65.Which are some of the biggest cities in the U.S.? ------They are New York,Los Angeles,Chicago,San Francisco and Philadelphia. 66.Who drafted The Declaration of Independence in the U.S.? ------He was Thomas Jefferson.. 67.Which country is the world’s leading exporter of agricultural products? -----It is the United States. 68.In what way does Quebec differ from the other provinces of Canada? -----It differs from the other provinces because it has strong French culture. 69.What is nations largest and most diverse industry today in Australia? -----It is agriculture. 70.What percentage are Maori to the population of New Zealand? ------About 10% are Maori or part Maori. 71.Where are mostly highland and lowland in Great Britian? -----The north and west of Britian are mainly highlands,while the east and south-east are mostly lowlands. 72.What is Heptarchy? -----By the end of the 7th century, England was divided into seven kingdoms which was,called Heptarchy. 73.What did England appear in the 18th century,which owed a great deal to the invention of machines? -----The Industrial Revolution appeared in England in the 18th century. 74.What is the basic ethnic stock in Ireland? ------It is Celtic. 75.What does tariff protection mean? -----It means to get higher import taxes to protect domestic production. 76.What is the full name of the U.S.? -----It is the United States of America. 77.What is the general view of Americans on education? -----It is that every American has the right and obligation to become educated. 78.What does Governor-General represent? ----It represents the Queen. 79.Which three periods are the history of Australia divided into? -----They ae the arrival of Aborigines,the colonization of Australia by the British,and the Commonwealth of Australia. 80.Who was the first European come to New Zealand and What was his nationality? -----He was Abel Tasman and was a Dutchman.81.What were the forerunners of the Liberal Party in Britain? ------They are Whigs. 82.How many members are there in the House of Commons? ------There are 651 members in the House of Commons. 83.What is the difference between the ancestors of the English and Scots,Welsh and Irish? ------The ancestors of the English are Anglo-Saxons,while those the Scots,Welsh and Irish are Celts. 84.What is the Republican Army? ------It is a terrorist or organization dedicated to the union of all Ireland as one country under one government. 85.Which three countries have the largest populations in the world? ------China,India and the United States have the largest population in the world. 86.Who led the boycott of the bus company in Montgomery,Alabama? -----He is Martin Luther King,Jr. 87.What is the “Lost Generation”? ------It refers 60s young intellectuals who became disappointed and bitter after World War II. 88.What are most industries in Canada? ------It is manufacturing. 89.Who was the first Prime Minister in Australia? -----He was Edmund Barton.90.What are two main islands in New Zealand? ------They are North Island and South Island. 91.Who were the Lollards? ----They were poor priests and travelling preachers who were John Wyclif’s followers in the 14th century. 92.What has the new farming been called in Britain? ----It has been called agribusiness. 93.What does the NHS provide in Britain? ----It provides the family health,hospital and specialist services. 94.Who is the head of state in Ireland? ------The head of state is the president. 95.Who were the Puritans? ----The Puritans were the members of a Protestant group in England who wanted to purify the Church of England. 96.Which three branches is the U.S. government divided into? ------They are the legislative,the executive and the judicial. 97.What is adult education also called now? -------It is also called”continuing education”programs or “lifelong education”programs. 98.What was the consequence of the Seven Years’War between the British and the French? ------After the Seven Years’War, the French were forced to give up every inch of land in North America. 99.What is the role of the Senate in Australia? ------The senate has the very nearly equal power as the House of Representatives,except that it has no power to deal with money bills. 100.Education in New Zealand is free,secular and compulsory,What does this sentence mean? -----It means that no tuition fee is paid,no school is run by religious party and every child must go to school to study.
英美文化知识素养答题题库 英Mei文化知识素养答题题库 1 单项选择Ti: 美国由___________个Zhou组成。 A. 48 B. 49 C. 50 D. 51 Da案 C 2 单项选择题: Ren有绰号,城市有绰号,有趣是,有国家也有Chuo号,如美国绰号是_____,英国绰号是_____ A Aunt Sam, Uncle John B New Continent, Great Britain C Washington, Elizabeth D Uncle Sam, John Bull Da案D 3 单项选择题: 在英Mei国家,人们通常将“体力劳动者”称为_____workers ,Ba“脑力劳动者”称为_____workers,Er把“服务、维修等行业人们”称为_____workers。 A blue, green, white B blue, white, grey. C black, blue, green D white, blue, black Da案 B 4 单项选择题: Zai美国土生土长传统节日是_____________。 A. Fu活节 B. 感恩节 C. 圣诞Jie D. 中秋节 答案B 5 Dan项选择题: 有这样一则笑话:You一次一个外宾对翻译说:“I wonder if I can go somewhere?”Fan译回答道“Yes, you can go anywhere in China.”Wai宾不禁愕然。你知道这位翻译问题出在哪Li了吗? A 外宾意思是他想马上离开。 B Wai宾意思是他要上厕所。 C外宾意思是他Xiang随便走走。 D外宾意思是想休息一下。 Da案B 6 单项选择题: 当Ni给一位英国朋友写信时,你若在写完信之后突然Xiang起来还要补充点什么,此时你通常在补充内容前加Shang_____这两个字母。 A P,S B OT C C, D D B,C Da案 A 7 单项选择题: Zhong国人喜欢说“自己动手,丰衣足食”,英美Ren也有类似喜好,他们称之为______。 A. PPU B. DUT C. DIY D. MOP Da案 C 8 单项选择题： an apple of love Yi思是___________？ A. Ping果 B. 爱情 C. 西红柿 答案 C D. Guo实 9 单项选择题： The girl is the apple of her mother’s eye.Zhe句话意思是“这个女孩是她妈妈掌上明 Zhu”这里翻译成掌上明珠，千万不要把它当成水果Chi了。下面这句话该怎样翻译 呢？ “Is the young girl an apple?” A Zhe个年轻女孩喜欢苹果吗？ B 这个姑娘迷人Ma？ C 这个姑娘拿着一个苹果 D 这个姑娘正Zai吃苹果吗？ 答案 B 10 单项选择题： Hun戒象征着爱情，那么我们应该将结婚戒指戴在Na个手指上？ A thumb finger B fore finger C ring finger D middle finger Da案 C 11 单项选择题： 现在电视节Mu越来越丰富了， 看看下面这是哪个栏Mu“Topics in focus” A Jiao点访谈 B 综艺大观 C 法治在线 D 新Wen三十分 答案 A 12 单项选择题： “hot spring” Yi思是_____。 A 炎热春天 B 今天很热 C Wen泉 D 热水澡 答案 C 13 单Xiang选择题： 英语中数字也有不同翻译，看Kan这个“in threes and fours”San五成群， “one in a thousand”Qian分之一。那么 “in one or two words”Yi思是_____。 A 一个两个单词 B Yi个或者两个 C 三言两语 D 选择一Ge或两个 答案 C 14 单项选择题： 我Men都知道比亚迪轿车标志是 BYD,它是哪些单词Suo写_____。 A build your dream B believe your dream C beautiful your day Da案 A D build your day 15 Dan项选择题： 我们在输入网址时都会输Ru“www” 你知道这三个 w 代表是Shi么单词吗？ A where what who B world wide web C what women want D who wears white Da案 B 16 单项选择题： 随着经Ji发展，我们生活中“卡”越来越多了，你知Dao以下这https://www.fanwen99.cn/article/194851583.html几种卡是做什么用 吗？post card_____，guest card_____，membership card_____。 A Ming信片, 身份证, 慰问卡 B 明信片 , Gui宾卡 , 会员卡 C 信用证, 优Hui卡, 会员卡 D 会员卡, 贵宾卡, 记录Ka 答案 B 17 单项选择题： 网上有个Gong人们发帖子地方叫 BBS，它是由 _______ Shou字母缩略而成。 A. Black Board Service B. Blowing Board System C. Bulletin Board System D. Bulletin Belief Service Da案 C 18 单项选择题： 用于安慰人Huo不含恶意谎言，英语中叫 ______________lie。 A. black B. white C. green D. grey Da案 B 19 单项选择题： 你给一个手Ji关机人打电话，你在电话中听到英语是： A. Sorry, the phone you waited is powered off. B. Sorry, the person you dialed is powering off. C. Sorry, the subscriber you dialed is powered off. D. Sorry, the subscriber you liked is powering off. Da案 C 20 单项选择题： 中国小吃You很多， 例如： “ dumplings” Jiao子， ”Rice porridge” Xi饭， “Hot pot” 是哪种美食呢？ A Huo锅 B 包子 C 油条 D 面条 Da案 A 21 单项选择题： 中国传统节Ri有很多，风俗习惯也多种多样，例如在端Wu节我们吃粽子，赛龙舟 来纪念伟大诗人屈原，Na么“端午节”用英语怎样说 A Spring Festival B New Year’s Day C Dragon Boat Festival D Mid-autumn day Da案 C 22 判断题： 经常可在报上Jian到“IT 业”提法，这里 IT 是 Information Test Suo写。 答案 错误 23 判断题： 我们在商Dian买食物包装袋上有许多英语单词缩写，Pan断下面说法对不对， “Exceed date” Yi思是生产日期。 答案 错误 24 判断题： Ying国全称是 The United Kingdom of Great Britain。 Da案 错误 25 判断题： 我们都知道 black tea Yi成红茶，black book 译成记过本，那Me black light 应 该翻译成紫外Xian。 答案 正确 26 填空题： 中国You句古话是：“不到长城非好汉”那么长城用英语Shuo是 The Great Wall。 27 Tian空题： 生活中商标英语有很多,舒肤佳香皂（Safe guard）, Le百氏（Robust） ，耐克英 语标志是(Nike). Da案 正确 28 填空题： 在美国经常有人Zhe样说“Give me a hand”这句话Yi思是请求别人帮助。 29 填空题： 英语中有Xu多有趣动物成语，“rain cats and dogs”Yi思是下倾盆大雨。 30 填空题： Zhong华人民共和国英文缩写是 PRC。
About American 1.What is the full name of America? The United States of America 2 How many states are there in the United States? Fifty states 3 What is the capital of the USA Washington D.C. 4 Where is the Stature of Liberty? In New York 5 Where does the American president live ? In the white house About Britain 1 What does UK stand for ? The United Kingdom 2 What us the full name of the UK? The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. 3What are the four parts of the UK? England,Scotland,Wales,and Northern Ireland. 4In which continent is the UK situated? In Europe. 5 By which channel is the UK separated The English Channel About China 1.How many ethnic groups are there in China? 56 2.In which continent is China located In Asia 3. what are the four great inventions in ancient China? Paper-making,printing,gunpowder,and the compass 4. What is the largest island in China? Taiwan Island 5. When was the people’ s Republic of China founded? On October 1st ,1949 6. How many stars are there on the national flag of China? Five 7 .Name three neighboring countries of China (The answer varies.It could be any three of them) japan,Vietnam,Russia,Cambodia,Laos,etc) 8.Name three well -known scenic spots in Beijing (The answer varies.It could be any three of them) The Great Wall,the Summer Palace,the Imperial Palace,Tian’ anmen Square,etc. 9 .Why do the Chinese people usually eat at the Mid-Autumn Festival They celebrate the it to honor the great poet Qu Yuan 10. what do Chinese people usually eat at the Mid-Autumn Festival. Moon cakes. 11.What is the most important traditional festival in China? The spring Festival 12. what do the Chinese do on New Year’ s Eve? Family members get together and have a big dinner. 13. what do people eat on the Lantern Festival? Rice dumplings 14. What animal is called “ The National Treasure of China” ? The panda.