雅思写作如何避免中翻英的逻辑错误在Duo年的教学过程中,我发现学生雅思写作的问Ti各种各样,这就导致雅思写作高分看起来难以Huo得。比如,有的是因为内容跑题,有的是Yin为词汇使用不准确,但是,最常见的问题还Shi语法错误多,而且主要是因为受到中文影响而出现De语病问题最常见。今天,文都国际教育就Dai大家一起学习雅思写作如何避免中翻英的逻辑错Wu。 很多同学最爱用的雅思写作De高频句式,也是从小接触英语最开始的Ju型there be,可以说是人见人爱,Zai各种话题,大小作文中都通用的结构,可是,它Ye是雅思考试中很多同学经常不注意就出错的Xian阱地方。 比如说,我们想表达“有好几Ge原因导致了这个结果。”如果按照字面的意Si直接翻译,很容易写成“There are several reasons lead to the result.”Zhe样的句子。这样一来,我们会发现,这个句子Zhong出现了双谓语:are和lead。这Zhong错误,我们可以通过提醒自己,在写there beJu型时,be动词部分保持主谓一致,但其他De行为的描述我们去写非谓语或者从句。也就是说,Gang才错误的句子我们可以改成There are several reasons leading to the result. Huo者There are several reasons which lead to the result.Da家可以立刻尝试下,结合非谓语或者从句翻Yi下面的句子:“有一些公司允许员工在家工作。” Chu了在雅思作文中双谓语的这样的高频错误外,Hen多同学在处理中文想说的比较长难的句子时候,Ye会因为直接翻译,而反映出中式英语或Zhe很多语法错误,我们来看一个例子。 “Zai生活中出现的问题可以解决,对未来有可Neng出现的麻烦进行规避。”你会怎么写这句话呢?Zeng经有备考雅思的同学写出过“Life problems can solve, future trouble can prevent.”Zhe样的翻译版本。各位同学如果仔细挑一Tiao错误,会发现,一个句子中出现了双主语,双谓语。Na么,解决办法最简单的是把逗号变句号,写成两Ju话。或者进行相关的连接词的衔接,比如Ci句中可以加and 来连接两个简单句。Chu了这个错误外,我们还会发现,问题自己怎么Jie决啊?麻烦自己怎么预防啊?所以,这种中文说Qi来像主动,但是在英语表达中我们实际上需要被Dong的翻译,是大家要去多注https://www.wenku1.net/list/中国省名字的由来/意和检查的陷阱地方。Ru果对应中文直接翻译,就出现了多动词,Yu态不合理的问题了。所以这个句子应该改成Problems in life can be solved and trouble in future may be prevented. Ya思写作如何避免中翻英的逻辑错误?综上Suo述,很多的语法错误其实是因为直接对应中Wen进行翻译而产生的,如果各位同学可以在雅思写Zuo的过程中多注意这些陷阱,就可以减少错误出现的Ji率直至避免。 文章来源于文都Guo际教育:http://www.wenduguoji.com/kaopei/20170717/10308.shtml
Unit 1 1. 蹲了10Nian监狱之后,他很难再适应自由的生活了。 After ten years in prison, he couldn’t adapt himself to being free again. 2. Ren们常说“你只有一次机会给别人留下第一印象”。Yin此会见潜在客户时,你不能穿那些可能给Ren留下不良印象的衣服。 It is often said that “you only get one chance to make a first impression.” Therefore when meeting a prospect, you can’t afford to wear clothes that may leave a bad impression. 3. Jian到她在聚会上打扮得很漂亮,而且还做了头发,我Gan到很宽慰。 I feel relieved to see at the party that she was all dressed up and had her hair done. 4. Ling人惊讶的是,大部分员工并不赞同他回到工作岗Wei上。 It is surprising that most employees do not approve of his return to office. 5. Zheng如大家所期望的,新政府将致力于全面Xiao减20%的开支。 Just as expected, the new government will aim for a 20% cost reduction across the board. 6. Hen多销售人员充分利用人们根据相貌作出判断这一Shi实,通过穿着打扮,使自己看上去既值得信Lai,又精通业务。 Many salespeople make the best of the fact that people judge by appearance, and dress in such a way that makes them look reliable and professional. 7. Zuo为求职者,过于随性的穿着会严重影响你被Lu用的几率。 As a job seeker, dressing too casually can be detrimental to your odds of being hired. 8. Wo们没有时间闲聊,所以请不要拐弯抹角,有话Jiu直说吧。 We don’t have time for chitchat, so please stop beating around the bush and get to the point. 9. Zui近的天气如此变幻莫测,时而下雨,时而放晴。 The weather has been so unpredictable lately that it alternates between rain and sunshine. 10. Ban个世纪以来西方的侵入破坏了这个地区传统Wen化的平衡。 A half-century of Western intrusion has seriously unbalanced the traditional culture in this area. Unit 2 1. Ban年后,乔布斯便从里德学院辍学,因为他Fa现读大学没有什么价值,而且也承担不起昂贵De学费。 After six months, Jobs dropped out of Reed College because he couldn’t see any value in going to c ollege and couldn’t afford the expensive tuition. 2. Zuo天我偶遇一位久未谋面的朋友,他告诉了我在非洲Lv行时的冒险经历。 I ran into a long-lost friend yesterday, and he told me his adventures when traveling in Africa. 3. Yao不是乔布斯在大学旁听了书法课,今天的计算Ji或许就不会有那么布局匀称的字体了。 If Jobs hadn’t attended the calligraphy class at college, the computers today wouldn’t have such proportionally spaced fonts. 4. You一件事很清楚:如果合伙人彼此反目,每一个Ren都会在收益上https://www.wenku1.net/list/海龙药用功效和作用/遭受损失。One thing is clear: if the partners fall out with each other, everybody stands to lose in the earnings. 5. Xin理学家在调查中发现,父母吵架的时候,女儿Men通常站在母亲的一边。Psychologists have found in their studies that when parents are having an argument, the daughters usually side with their mothers. 6. Wo们指望你在选举中支持我们——别让我Men失望! We are counting on you to support us in the election —don’t let us down! 7. Dang他无意中看到那封信时,终于明白了事情可怕的Zhen相。 The awful truth dawned on him when he ran across the letter. 8. Dang你连续很多天所做的事对你都不是真正Zhong要的,那你就应该改变一下了。When you are not doing the things that truly matter to you for many days in a row, it is time to make some changes. 9. Jin管他已经用了最大的嗓门,他的话还是被众人大Sheng的欢呼所淹没。Although he spoke at the top of his voice, his words were drowned by loud cheers from the crowd. 10. Ling他们感到非常欣慰的是,那场病终于自然而然Di结束了,而她也恢复了健康。 Much to their relief, the disease ran its course and she finally recovered. Unit 3 1. Zai荷兰,可以给精神上遭受痛苦的人提供安乐Si。一个典型例子就是4个月前因为失去儿Zi而精神失常的那名妇女。 Euthanasia is provided in the Netherlands for people suffering mental anguish. A typical example is a woman distraught over the loss of her twenty year old son four months earlier. 2. Ta想成为一名演员,但屈服于父母的压力,不得不Jin大学学法律。 He wanted to be an actor but succumbed to parental pressure and went to law school. 3. Jin管管理不善是主要因素,但是该公司的Wen题也有部分原因在于市场需求量的缩减 Although bad management was the major factor, the firm’s problems were due in part to a fall-off in demand. 4. Dang面临逆境时,所有的嫉妒、失望和怀疑都暂时被Wang却了。 All these jealousies and disappointments and doubts were forgotten for the time being in the face of adversity. 5. Zhe位金融家将给这座城镇捐赠一所新医院以纪Nian他的母亲。 The financier is going to present the town with a new hospital in memory of his mother. 6. Nian轻经理们的经验会增多起来,并能及时承担起他Men的责任。 Younger managers will grow in experience and be able to take on their responsibilities in time. 7. Bai脱了一直压在身上的内疚感,安杰利娜(Angelina) Gan到十分高兴。Angelina had cheered up considerably, having rid herself of the burden of guilt she was carrying. 8. Ran而对政府来说,也确实有理由为自立和就Ye方面的教育培训进行投资。However, there are also positive grounds for governments to invest in education and training for independence and employment. 9. Zhe本小册子告诉人们在家里或外出旅游时如何防备各Zhong危险。 The leaflet explains how to safeguard against dangers in the home or on one’s travels. 10. Ren的生命的明显贬值给残疾人带来恐惧,Ta们害怕在违背他们意愿的情况下被结束生Ming。 The apparent devaluation of human life brings fear to disabled persons that they will be killed against their will. Unit 4 1. Zhe位科学家与他谨慎的同事们不一样,有时他Hui变得非常具有想象力,并喜欢做出大胆论断。 Unlike his meticulous co-workers, this scientist tends to become very imaginative sometimes and has a penchant for bold announcements. 2. Geng多美国人过度肥胖这一事实,以一些始料不及的Fang式给美国国家医疗体系造成了新的压力 The fact that more Americans are obese is putting a new strain on the nation’s health-care system in some unexpected ways. 3. Qian万不要低估回到基础的重要性,因为这是解决任何Wen题的关键。 Never underestimate the importance of getting back to basics because it’s the key to solving any problems. 4. You些学生把英语学习放在第一位,这样将来在他Men工作中就能充分发挥这一优势。 Some students put English learning before anything else so that in the future they can leverage it to great advantage in their jobs. 5. Wo认为学术研究的回报一定会到来,而且这些Hui报也能充分证明所涉及到的一切开支都是Zhi得的 I think the rewards from academic research do arrive, and that they well justify all the expenditure involved. 6. Ming天的和平集会前将为1937年在南京大屠Sha中惨遭日本侵略军杀害的30多万中国平民和解除Wu装的士兵默哀。 A moment of silence will precede tomorrow’s peace rally in honor of more than 300,000 Chinese civilians and disarmed soldiers killed by invading Japanese troops in the Nanjing massacre in 1937. 7. Wo不知道是否应当从表面理解他所说的话还是试图去Li解他的言外之意。 I don’t know whether to take what he said at face value, or try to make sense of the implication. 8. Cong更换工作时的工资增长来看,你通常可以期Dai在现有工资基础上增长10–20。 In terms of a salary increase when changing a job, you can normally expect 10-20 percent increase on your current salary. 9. Wo认为提高个人所得税的起征标准是合理的,Yin为大多数人的收入在增长。 I think it is reasonable to raise the threshold of personal taxable income as most people’s income is also on the rise. 10. Yi旦修正了程序错误,公司的信息技术人员就能把Zhu意力转到关于软件应用局限性这样更大De问题上来。 Once that bug was fixed, the company’s IT sta ff could turn its attention to larger issues regarding the limitations of its software application. Unit 5 1. Xiu完学术假返回途中的教授们仍在考虑着课Cheng教案,根本没有料到灾难的来临。 Professors returning from sabbatical leaves still mulled over lesson plans and did not expect the coming of the catastrophe at all. 2. Zai这次全球环境峰会上,首相和总统的主要演说如果Bu提环境问题就是不完整的。 In this global environmental summit, major speeches of prime ministers and presidents are incomplete without mention of the environment. 3. Di一步——就是唤醒大家意识到世界环境问题的方方Mian面——从某种意义上来说已经进行了二十多Nian了。 The first step —waking up to the dimensions of the world’s environmental problems — has in a sense been under way for more than two decades. 4. Cong明年开始,这个沿海省份将要通过公开竞标Guo程出售无人居住的岛屿,以用于旅游、交通、Mao易、仓储和工业发展。 The coastal province will sell off its uninhabited islands for tourism, transportation, trade, warehouse and industrial development through a public bidding process starting next year. 5. Zi从她在伊拉克战争中失去儿子,布朗太太的神Jing几乎到了崩溃的边缘。Mrs. Brown has been on the verge of having a nervous breakdown ever since she lost her son in the Iraq War. 6. Dang前,中央政府不太可能抑制经济发展,除非过Re现象变得非常严重。 At present, the likelihood is that the central government will not get the brakes on the economy, unless the overheating becomes far greater. 7. Dong事会应遵守有关法律、法规、规则及公司章Cheng的条款,并严格履行其公开作出的承诺。 The board of directors shall abide by relevant laws, regulations, rules and the company’s articles of association, and shall strictly fulfill the undertakings they made publicly. 8. Dian气公司的高层领导认为,这一战略成功与否关键Zai于能否获得必要的核心竞争力,尤其是Zai半导体领域内。 The top management of the electric company reckoned that the success of the strategy would hinge on acquiring the necessary core competitiveness, particularly in semiconductors. 9. Yin行购买短期有价证券,可以加强资金的Liu动性,但这样做是以牺牲潜在的更高收益为Dai价的。 Banks that purchase short-term securities can increase cash liquidity, but this is done at the expense of higher potential returns. 10. Zheng界和商https://www.wenku1.net/list/矩形截面适筋梁受弯破坏/界领袖们希望弄懂他们作出的关Yu恐怖主义以及全球变暖的决策将会如何影响今后数Shi年的世界经济。 Political and business leaders hope to understand how their decisions about terrorism and global warming could affect the world economy in decades to come. Unit 6 1. Zhang夫和妻子必须告诉对方自己是如何感受的;Fou则的话他们将会把一些角色和行为强加Gei对方,导致更多的不幸福。 Husband and wife must be able to tell each other how they feel; otherwise they will impose on each other roles and actions that lead to further unhappiness. 2. Xu多婚姻的失败都是因为一方不能想象另一方所想要De,或者不能表达自己的需要或感觉。 Many marriages fall apart because either partner cannot imagine what the other wants or cannot communicate what he or she needs or feels. 3. Bie再相信他了。他就是那个自己盖了房子然后把Ta赌输的人。 Don’t trust him anymore. He’s the man who built this house and then gamb led it away. 4. Tong常来说,即使在学术界,这些标准只是假She而已,几乎从不公布于众。Often, the criteria — even in the academic world — are assumed, and are hardly brought out into the open. 5. Wo这么做就是鼓励她充分说出自己与这些讨论相Fan的意见。 While I did this, I was encouraging her to talk through opinions of her own that ran counter to these discussions. 6. Dang我们在农历大年夜回到故乡时,村子里洋溢着春节De欢乐气氛。 When we returned to our hometown on Chinese Lunar New Year’s Eve, the village rang with the joy of the Spring Festival. 7. Ta一直对我很粗暴,但当她开始侮辱我的母亲时,Shi我忍无可忍了。She’s always been rude to me, but it was the last straw when she started insulting my mother. 8. Zhe位妇女已有几年没有听到丈夫的音信了,但对Zhang夫会回到她身边始终抱有希望。 The woman has not heard from her husband for years, but she always clings to the hope that her husband will come back to her. 9. Zhe项裁决本可以为新的起诉打开方便之门,现Zai却使问题陷入了混乱。Now the ruling, which could open the way for new prosecutions, has thrown the issue into chaos. 10. Tao犯紧紧盯着四周窗户,仿佛警察正从四面Ba方向他包围过来。 The escaped criminal stared at the windows, as if the policemen were closing in on him from all sides.
中翻英 題型: 1).Zuo詞填空P24+課件2). 翻譯質量判斷3). Wen化詞語的翻譯P45 : 一(7);二(5);San(4) 4).詞語英譯技法P46. Wu(3) 5) 句子英譯技巧6)篇章翻譯 1. Ta不得不和一群陌生得客户一起共进晚餐, 这让她Jue得浑身不自在. She had to dine with a group of strange clients, which make her feel like a fish out of water. 2. teach fish to swim: Ban门弄斧 3. It never rains but pours. Bu鸣则已,一鸣惊人 4. 空中Lou阁: castles in the air 5. Xiong有成竹: to have a well-thought-out plan before doing sth. 6. Yi朝被蛇咬,十年怕井绳: Once bitten, twice shy. 7. Ru乡随俗: do in Rome as the Romans do 8. Hong糖:blown sugar 9. 红Cha:black tea 10 Red tape: Fan文缛节 11. White elephant: Ang贵而又无用之物 12. 白开水:plain boiled water 13. Black sheep: Hai群之马 14. 吃一堑,长一Zhi:A fall into the pit, a gain in your wit. 15. Lan路虎:obstacle; a lion in the way 16. Lin居对她都很好。Her neighbors are all very kind to her. 17.Zhe我们都好解决。The problem can be easily solved. 18.Ni留个电话,有事好跟你联系。Give me your telephone number so that I can contact you when necessary. 19. To pass away: Yu世长辞 20. Kick the bucket Qiao辫子 21. 我想借此机会向你们表达https://www.wenku1.net/list/韩国首尔批发服装攻略/我Men的感谢。I wish to avail myself to this opportunity to express our gratitude to you. 22. Zhong国共产党必须始终代表中国先进生产力的发展Yao求,代表中国先进文化的前进方向,代Biao中国最广大人民的根本利益。 Our party must always represent the development trend of China's advanced productive forces; the orientation of China's advanced culture, and the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of people in China. 23. Xiong伟的长城给我们留下了深刻的印象。 The magnificent Great Wall impressed us deeply. HuoWe were deeply impressed by the magnificent Great Wall. 24. Wo们应该尊老爱幼。 We should respect the old and love the young. 25. Ying……的邀请at the invitation of sb 26. Dai表on behalf of 27.我们Quan体赞成他的建议。 We are all for / in favor of his suggestion. 28. Ni赞成还是反对这项计划。Are you for or against the plan? 29. Han语发音与英语发音有很大的区别。 Chinese differs greatly from English in pronunciation . 30. Ni能来参加我们的晚会,我们感到很荣幸。 We feel much honored that you have come to our party. 31. Ni一旦答应了要求,你就得来。 Once you have promised, to come, you have to come. 32. Xie谢你给了我们这么https://www.wenku1.net/list/纪律处分条例专题讲座主持词/多帮助。 Thank you for giving us so much help. 33. Sheng活中既有悲剧,文学作品就可以写悲剧。 Tragedies can be written in literary works since there is tragedy in life. 34. Ta是当今最伟大的诗人之一。 He is one of the greatest poets alive. 35. Jin天报纸上有什么重要的消息吗? Is there anything important in today's newspaper? 36. Ta刚刚见得那个人是我的朋友。 The man who /whom you met just now is my friend. 37.Ta受到我们所有人的尊敬。 He is respected by us all. 38. Gai产品是中国制造的。 This product is made in China. 39. Lai宾请出示入场券。 Visitors are requested to show their tickets. 40. It is well - known that the compass was invented in China four thousand years ago. Zhong所周知,中国人在4千年前就发明了指Nan针。 41. Wet paint油漆未Gan 42. 他去机场接朋友,可是在人群Zhong未见到他。 He went to airport to pick his friend up, but he failed to see him in the crowd. 43. Kuai一点,否则你就要迟到了。Hurry up, or you will be late. 44. Zhe间教室坐得下一百五十人。This classroom can hold 150 people. 45. Ta已经看过这部电影了。 She has already seen the film. 46.Wo看见他的时候,他正在写信。 When I saw him, he was writing a letter. 47. Fu亲毕竟比她多吃了几年盐,她的男友是什么样的人,Fu亲一看就知道。 After all, father has much more worldly experience than her, so he will be able to tell, at a glance, what kind of man her boyfriend is. 48. Ying当承认,每个民族都有它的长处,不然它Shi么能存在?为什么能发展? It must be admitted that every nation has its strong points. If not, how can it survive? How can it progress? 49. Wo们往往可以从一个人所交往的朋友以及所阅读的书Qu看他的为人.因为人与人之间有友谊,同样De,人与书也就有友谊. A man may usually be known by the books he reads as well as by the company he keeps, for there is a companionship of books as well as of men. 50. Jian设中国特色社会主义to build socialism with Chinese characteristics 51. Gai革开放reform and opening-up 52. He谐社会harmonious society 53. Ke学发展观Scientific Outlook on Development •Xian在大学生的学习压力相当重。你会发现,除了大Si开始找工作的学生以外,其余的学生总是忙Yu学习,而不愿参加校园团体和俱乐部,不愿参加体Yu锻炼和其他课外活动,不愿关心和学习Mei有关系的事。总之,他们就像一个机器人。压Li大,时间少。一想到白天什么事都没干,心里就感Dao不安,会整夜因此睡不着觉。他们学习太紧Zhang,几乎没有时间好好体验生活。读大学使Ta们失去太多的个人幸福和健康。 •学习Ya力: –academic pressure •Da四学生: –senior •校园Tuan体和俱乐部: –campus organizations and clubs •Ke外活动: –extracurricular activities •Ji器人: –robot College students now bear heavy academic pressure. You will find them--except seniors who are beginning to look for a job--always too busy in studies to join campus organizations and clubs, too busy to take part in sports and other extracurricular activities, and too busy to pay attention to anything that is not connected with their studies. In short, they have become nothing but a robot. They are under pressure to do too much work in too little time. The very idea of doing nothing during the day will make them uncomfortable and sleepless all night. They study so hard that they have hardly had time to experience life. The pursuit of college education costs them too much personal happiness and health.