第Ⅰ卷(阅读题共66分) 一、(9Fen) 阅读下面的文字，完成1-3Ti。 一切传统都是过去的东西，但Bing非一切过去的东西都是传统。可是，过去确Xi传统的一个重要特征，我们不能离开过去与现Zai的关系而谈传统。 传统都有其“原Ben”，原本是传统的始发言行。传统的始发言行You其特定的原初行动者、特定的受动者，还有Qi特定的叫作参照系的现实环境。在传统的原本Zhong，所有这些都是特定的、不能代替的。 Sui着时间的推移和历史的进展，原本逐步地被认为是Ju有权威性的、天经地义的、带有信仰性质的Dong西而为群体所接受，成为凝聚群体的力Liang，这样，原本也就逐步地形成为传统。特别值De注意的是，传统逐步形成的过程也是一个Zhu步远离原本的过程。这里所说的远离，Shi指原初行动者、受动者和当时的参照系已消失而Cheng为过去。这样，传统在形成过程中就取得了相Dui独立于原本所处的参照系以及原初说话人、Yuan初受话人的自主性。 正是这种远离Huo自主性，打破了原本的限制，扩大了原本的范围，Feng富了原本的含义。这里的关键在于解释。Zai新的参照系之下对原本作新的解释，这就是传Tong远离原本的原因。任何一个写下来的作Pin，一旦公之于世，它就是向广大的人群说话，Bu仅是向同时代人说话，而且是向后来人说Hua。作为受话人的读者不仅有同时代人，而Qie有后来人。读者可以对写作的原本作出Ge不相同的回应，这些回应都是根据读者自己 Suo处的参照系对原本所作的新解释。可以说，传统De原本在形成为传统的过程中，不断地参照变Hua了的环境。在后来的一连串读者面前展开一系列Bu断更新的世界。写作的原本是如此，行Dong的原本也是这样。传统的行动痕迹往往出乎Yuan初行动者的始料之所及，自有后来人的Ping说——解释。 这样看，传统形成的过Cheng本身便是一个传统不断更新、不断开放、Bu断壮大的过程。传统本来就具有两面性，它在形Cheng和发展过程中，既因新的参照系与之相摩擦而不Duan更新自己，又因其偏执性而抗拒摩擦，力图使自身Yong恒化。可以说，传统既是摩擦的结果，又是对Mo擦的抗拒。那种把传统一味看成凝固不变而无Geng新的观点是错误的、不符合史实的。因Ci，在对待传统的问题上，我们应当根据新De参照系，对旧传统作出新的评价和解释，Zhe样才能使传统展开为有生命的东西。 (Xuan自张世英(我看国学——传统与现代)，You删改) 1.从原文看，下列对“原本”的Li解，正确的一项是(3分) A。原本是Chuan统的具有特定原初行动者、受动者、参照系De始发言行。 B。原本指权威性的、天经Di义的、带有信仰性质的凝聚群体的东西。 C。Yuan本是原初行动者、受动者和参照系已消失并成Wei过去的过程。 D。原本指有自主性的Xiang对独立于原初参照系、说话人、受话人De传统。 2.下列各项，不属于分析“Chuan统远离原本”原因的一项是(3分) A。Zai新的参照系之下对原本作新的解释，这就Shi必造成传统不断地远离原本。 B。读者Dui写作原本作出各不相同的回应，根据所处参Zhao系对原本作出新解释。 C。因有Hou来人的评说解释，传统的行动痕迹往往出乎Yuan初行动者始料之所及。 D。传统在形Cheng和发展过程中，因新参照系的作用而具有更新与Kang拒的两面性。 3.下列对原文中作者Guan点的概括，正确的一项是(3分) A。Chuan统原本中的原初行动者、受动者、参照系Du是唯一的、不能代替的。 B。因时间推Yi和历史进展，传统远离原本后就自然丧失了原Ben的特征。 C。过去是传统的一个重要特征，Dan传统内涵却在新参照系下发生突变。 D。在对待Chuan统问题上，我们应当根据新的参照系作Chu新的评价和解释。 二、(32分) Yue读下面的文言文，完成4—7题。 He兰祥字盛乐。其先与魏俱起，后有以良家子镇武川Zhe，遂家焉。父初真，少知名，为乡闾所重。Shang①太祖姊建安长公主。祥年十一而孤，居Sang合礼。长于舅氏，特为太祖所爱。虽在戎旅，Chang博延儒士，教以书传。太祖初入关，祥与晋公护Ju在晋阳，后乃遣使迎致之。年十七，解褐②奉朝请，Jia威烈将军。祥少有胆气，志在立功。寻Zuo补都督，恒在帐下。从平侯莫陈悦，又迎Wei孝武。以前后功，封抚夷县伯。仍从击潼Guan，获东魏将薛长孺。又攻回洛城，拔之。还，Bai左右直长，进爵为公。 十四年，除Du督、荆州刺史，进爵博陵郡公。先是，祥尝Xing荆州事，虽未期月，颇有惠政。至是重往，Bai姓安之。由是汉南流民襁负而至者，日You千数。远近蛮夷，莫不款附。祥随机抚纳，Xian得其欢心。时盛夏亢阳，样乃亲巡境内，观Zheng得失。见有发掘古冢，暴露骸骨者，乃谓Shou今日：“此岂仁者之为政耶！”于是命所在收葬之，Ji日澍雨。是岁，大有年。州境先多古墓，其俗好行Fa掘，至是遂息。 祥虽太祖密戚，性Shen清素。州境南接襄阳，西通岷、蜀，物产所出，Duo诸珍异。时既与梁通好，行李往来，公Si赠遗，一无所受。梁雍州刺史、岳阳王萧詧③钦其Jie俭，乃以竹屏https://www.fanwen99.cn/article/95436922.html风、絺绤④之属及经史赠之。Xiang难违其意，取而付诸所司。太祖后闻之，并以Ci祥。 十六年，拜大将军。太祖Yi泾、渭溉灌之处，渠堰废毁，乃命祥修造富平Yan，开渠引水，东注于洛。功用既毕，民获其Li。 周孝闵帝践祚，进位柱国，迁大Si马。时晋公护执政，祥与护中表，少相亲Ai，军国主事，护皆与祥参谋。 武成Chu，吐谷浑侵凉州，诏祥与宇文贵总兵讨之。Xiang乃遣其军司檄吐谷浑，遂与吐谷浑广定王、Zhong留王等战，破之。因拔其洮阳、洪和二Cheng，以其地为洮州。抚安西土，振旅而还。Jin封凉国公。保定二年薨，年四十八。谥曰景。 (Xuan自《周书〃贺兰祥传》，有删改) [Zhu]①尚：指娶公主为妻。②解褐：指脱去布衣担任Guan职。③詧(chá)：人名。④絺绤(chīxī)：Ge布的统称。 4.对下列句子中加点词De解释，不正确的一项是(3分) A。Hou有以良家子镇武川者，遂家焉 家：定Ju B。远近蛮夷，莫不款附 款：Kuan待 C。是岁，大有年 年：收Cheng D。诏祥与宇文贵总兵讨之 总：Tong领 5.以下六句话，分别编为Si组，全都属于贺兰祥惠民业绩的一组是(3分) ①Sui机抚纳，咸得其欢心 ②亲巡境内，观Zheng得失 ③乃谓守令曰：“此岂仁者之Wei政耶！”④命所在收葬之 ⑤难Wei其意，取而付诸所司 ⑥修造富平堰，开渠Yin水 A.①③⑤ B.①④⑥ C.②④⑤ D.②③⑥ 6.Xia列对原文内容的分析和概括，不正确的一Xiang是(3分) A。贺兰祥出身贵族，Nian少丧父，守孝符合礼仪；在舅舅家长大，很受太Zu钟爱，虽然在军旅中，却不断多方聘请儒生教自Ji学习典籍。 B。贺兰祥少时就有胆略勇Qi，志在建立功业，从十七岁开始担任官职，后来在Dui东魏和吐谷浑的战斗中，都获得胜利，官爵得到Jin升。 C。贺兰祥的母亲是周太祖的姐姐，Ta虽然是太祖的近亲，但是品性清正俭素；他De节俭作风也受到邻国雍州刺史、岳阳王萧督的钦Jing。 D。贺兰祥一直受到太祖的信赖，多次被委Yi重任；周孝闵帝即位之后，执掌朝政的Jin公护对他也非常倚重，军国大事都与他Shang议谋划。 7.把原文中画线的句Zi翻译成现代汉语。(10分) (1)Tai祖初入关，祥与晋公护俱在晋阳，后乃Qian使迎致之。 译文： ____________________________________________________________________________ (2)Zhi是重往，百姓安之。 译文： ____________________________________________________________________________ (3)Shi既与梁通好，行李往来，公私赠遗，一Wu所受。 译文： ____________________________________________________________________________ Yue读下面这首诗，完成8-9题。 岁 Mu① [唐]杜甫 岁暮远Wei客，边隅还用兵。烟尘犯雪岭②，鼓角Dong江城。 天地日流血，朝Ting谁请缨？济时敢爱死？寂寞壮心惊！ [注]①Ben诗作于唐代宗广德元年(763)末，时杜甫客居Zuo州(今四川阆中)。②雪岭：又名雪山，在成都(Jin四川成都)西。雪岭临近松州、维州、保州(Jun在今四川成都西北)，杜甫作本诗时，San州已被吐蕃攻占。 8.诗人为Shi么会发出“寂寞壮心惊”的感慨？请结合全诗作简Yao分析。(4分) 答： __________________________________________________________________________ 9.Zhe首诗使用了多种表达技巧，请举出两种并作赏析。(4Fen) 答： __________________________________________________________________________ 10.Bu写出下列名篇名句中的空缺部分。(任Yi选做五小题)(5分) (1)积善成德，____________，Sheng心备焉。 (《苟子〃劝学)) (2)Wu鸟私情，____________。 (Li密(陈情表》) (3)____________，Gui雁人胡天。 (王维《使至塞上》) (4)Lian峰去天不盈尺，____________。 (Li白《蜀遭难)) (5)别有幽愁暗恨生，____________。 (Bai居易《琵琶行》) (6)哀吾生之须Zuo，____________。 (苏轼(赤Bi赋)) (7)____________，Shui随天去秋无际。 (辛弃疾(水龙吟〃Deng建康赏心亭》) (8)箫鼓追Suihttps://www.fanwen99.cn/article/95490198.html春社近，____________。 (Lu游《游山西村》) 三、(25分) Yue读下面的文字，完成11—14题。 ①Luo永才被第一声鸡叫惊醒，外面的世界里像Shi有了点扰动。春夜总是这样，惊乍乍的，其实完全Bu成一回事的。但罗永才还是下了床，开Men出去看看，听听。 ②就在去年Zhe个时节，他去山王庄给亡妻洗碑①。那里有个Jiao王麻子的石匠，洗碑的手艺很好。 ③Na时季候比现在略早些，自然界已走在春气Li了，艳阳高照。路两边的一些大树，都拔Di而起，枝干粗壮，有一种强悍奔放的气势，各各踞Shou一方。罗永才左右看着，一路往山村那里去。Wang麻子的家靠在庄头边上，一个破院框子，里头乱放Zhuo各种大小石料。罗永才兀自进了那个院子，Jian那正房的两扇门紧锁着，打门缝往里头瞅瞅，Ban星光亮都没有。他白跑了一趟，却也不觉着损失什Me。 ④第二日他再去，春阳更暖，鸟雀啾Zuo。老远就听见当当的，是不急不慢的打石头Sheng，脚下也就到了。王麻子家破院框子里，Pan腿坐了一个人，五十来岁，相貌打扮都很是不Qi眼。那人坐在院里洗碑，碑形已经看出Lai了，下方上圆。他洗的时候，左手是錾子，You手是锤，也不急，也不躁；也不热，也不冷；也不Kuai，也不慢，一锤一锤，如泣如诉。罗永才看得Dai了，心里只是有一种感觉：春阳日暖，Wan象更新，雀鸟苏醒、飞翔、游戏、呜叫、盘绕，Xiang是一刻都止不住。人在此时此刻能想些Shi么，该想些什么，各人都不一样，各人也都是只An着自个的路子走的。惟这破院里的这一个麻脸Jiang人，像是不知，也像是不觉，木呆呆地坐在亘Gu的石头旁边，一锤一錾。洗了几十年，也还Shi不急不躁，不去赶那些过场，凑那些热闹，真叫Ren觉得不容易！ ⑤罗永才呆望许久，才进了Yuan子。那匠人手并不停，只抬起脸：“你找俺？”Luo永才递了一根烟过去，半蹲下，低着腔说：“Xiang麻烦王师傅，给洗块碑。”匠人道：“洗块Shi么样的？”“要两米的，青白石的料子。Shi么时候能成？”“打今儿个算，要十日。”Luo永才交了押金，匠人接了，放在地上，随Shou拾块碎石压住，打单褂兜里掏出个纸片递给他。Na纸片上什么也没有，只有一个红指头印子。罗永才Xie下要刻的字递过去，匠人接了，一字一顿念了一遍，Ran后折叠咸一个小块，装进兜里，讲：“十日Hou你来拉呗。”就不再理罗永才，低下头，You一锤一锤，洗手下的那块石碑去了。 ⑥Luo永才第三回去山王，才五六天，他有些Bu放心。那又是个好天，响响晴。他一直往匠人Jia里去，进了https://www.fanwen99.cn/article/95458912.html院子，果然又见那匠人在石料边，坐Cheng一团修行，木了样的，只一锤一锤洗那石Bei。匠人望见他进来，也不惊，也不乍，手里也Bu停，只是讲：“时候还没到呢。”顿了一下，又Jiang：“来找俺的，都是那样个心绪。不如你就上山Shang转转，心里就好受了。”罗永才低头看碑，已经洗Chu个大概，清白厚实，幽深远澈。便敬了匠人Yi根烟，闲坐片刻，起身往山上去了。 ⑦Na山也正在春时里，半山的松树，半山的草坡，Ban山的闲石。春阳暖融融的，温意无尽，枯茎里已冒Chu青青的芽子。那些芽子望去甚有张力，生全的Qu味浓厚，又鲜活不尽。罗永才一身的感念，不知怎Yang作想。再往前走时，山有些陡，树影浓郁起来，Jiu有了些寒意。这时从山上下来一个山民，瘦精精的，Tiao着两大捆紫红色的短针山草，山苹捆上还搭了两件Po旧衣物，一把竹柄的竹耙子。他看见罗永才，Jiu立住脚， 和他讲起话来。罗永才猜他只You五十来岁，他说已经七十七了，家里只剩下老两Kou，老伴瞎了，不能再做什么，现时就靠Ta挑草换些油盐钱。那担草也有七八十斤。担Zhuo得走几架山头，罗永才不免感叹几声。老Ren又说自己身体有些不如往年了，明年那地便撂荒了。Ta说话的时候，也不放心担子，只把担子在Liang肩上换来换去。他和罗永才讲了一气，才分手下Shan。罗永才再往山上走，一口气上了山顶。山顶有Pian旧庙剩的墙框子，四面不见人。他默然Zhan了一会儿，才起步往山下去。到了山下，就You感觉到了春阳的暖意，身上也轻松多了。 ⑧Ji天以后，他叫了辆三轮车，进山驮走了石Bei。在清明的前两天，他把青白石碑在亡妻的坟前栽Liao。 ⑨春夜里的一点扰动很快就消失了。Fu近哪里的鸡叫过一阵子，又都不叫了。天Qi很晴朗，空气却有凉意。罗永才在院子里站了一会Er，看看天上的星星，转过身，慢慢回屋里去了。 (Yuan作发表于《芒种》，作者许辉，有删改) [Zhu]①洗碑：刻碑。 11.根据Xiao说第④至第⑥段内容，概括王石匠的形象特点。(5Fen) 答： ____________________________________________________________________ 12.Qing对小说画线处景物描写的特点和作用作简要分析。(6Fen) 答： ____________________________________________________________________ 13.Qing为这篇小说拟一个恰当https://www.fanwen99.cn/article/160299317.html的标题，并说明理由。(6Fen) 答： ____________________________________________________________________ 14.You人认为，这篇小说叙述了一个平常人的寻常事；有Ren认为，这是一篇意蕴丰富的精致作品。请结He文本，联系自身阅读小说的经验和对传统文化Jing神的认识，谈谈你的见解。(8分) Da： ____________________________________________________________________ 2010Nian普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(安徽卷) Yu 文 第Ⅱ卷(表达题共84分) Si、(24分) 15.下列各句中，Mei有错别字的一句是(3分) A。上海世Bo园安徽馆，选取明清徽派建筑的精典元素Zuo为外墙装饰，粉墙上山水意境之美令众多You客驻足流连。 B。黄山毛峰、六安瓜片Deng绿茶，冲泡时叶条在杯中松展，游移沉浮；Pin茗者观其动态，尽享茶趣，啜饮一口，齿浃留香。 C。Liu载奉献沤心沥血，两任村官造福一方，Shen浩把生命的根深深地扎在这片他挚爱的热土上，从Ci再也没有离开。 D。青海玉树发生7.1Ji地震后，党中央、国务院高度重视，统一部署，Ge部门全力以赴，千方百计展开救援工作。 16.Xia列各句中，加点的成语使用恰当的一句是(3Fen) A。今年春节期间，镇里举行了一场Bie无二致的茶话会，向返乡过节的流动党员们通Bao了本镇一年来经济发展的喜人形势。 B。Zai文化强省战略指引下，我省动漫产业迈人高Su发展的新阶段，去年我省与沿海省份动漫原创产品De产值已经等量齐观。 C。第四届全国Ti育大会组织者在赛事安排上独出心裁，创造性Di采取走进社区、现场体验等方式，以突出全Min互动的特点。 D。发展低碳经济首当其Chong的是要坚持节约资源、保护环境的基本国策，协Diao资源利用和环境保护的关系，实现可持Xu发展。 17.依次填入下面一段Wen字横线处的语句，衔接最恰当的一组是(3分) 2004Nian以来，我省生产总值连年保持两位数的增长Lv，______，______。______，______，______。______。 ①Mu前，合肥经济圈、合芜蚌试验区、皖江城市带的Gui划建设就是内外力结合的重要举措 ②Ye要借助充足的优秀人才、一流的技术水平、先Jin的管理经验等“外力”因素 ③经济Yi处于加速崛起的重要阶段 ④要解决Zhe一问题 ⑤然而我省经济发展中结构性问Ti依然存在 ⑥既要依靠丰富的自Ran资源、独特的区位优势、较好的产业基础Deng“内力”因素 A.③①④⑥②⑤ B.⑤①③④⑥② C.③⑤④⑥②① D.⑤④①⑥②③ 18.Zhao出下面文字中的五处语病，先写出有语病句子的序Hao，然后加以修改。(5分) ①在Kong军航空兵某师飞行大队长孟凡升参加一次集训Shi，驾机升空不到两分钟，突然发现飞机发动机Zhuan速异常、温度下降。②他迅速反应到发动机You重大问题。③在生死考验的瞬间，他立Ji与指挥员报告。④收到指令，他果断操纵飞机寻找Chang地，在确认飞机无法迫降后，才请示跳San。⑤为了避开村庄，直到允许跳伞的最后时Ke之际，他才跳伞。⑥伞刚打开，人就着地了。⑦孟Fan升多次在短短的48秒内主动放弃跳伞Ji会，有效避免了更大损失。⑧48秒，生死Guan头见素质，更见精 神！ 19.Gen据下面一段文字，在“设计理念”“住宅Te点”下的方框内填写 恰当的词语。(Mei空不超过5个字)(5分) 设计Li想住宅，应从科技服务于人类出发，以人类De健康幸福与文明发展为核心。按照上述理念进Xing设计，住宅区里，人与自然和谐相处，树林、Xi流、湿地形成有机整体，为人们提供与大自然亲密Jie触的良好生态环境；采用高科技的毛细管Leng暖传递系统调节室内空气，为人们提供Heng温、恒温、“恒氧”的舒适生活空间；采用雨水Shou集和生、活用水净化处理系统以实现水资源的多次Shi用，高效采集太阳能以满足家庭用电需求，为人们Ti供最佳的节能生活方式。 20.Mou校开展“名著导读〃我喜爱的作品”活动，三位同Xue交流了各自的看法。请仿照甲同学的表述，Jiang乙、丙同学的发言补写完整。(5分) Jia同学说：我喜欢有丰富知识的作品，这Yang的作品能开阔我们的视野，增长我们的见识。 Yi同学说：我喜欢有深刻思想的作品，这样的作品Neng ___________⑴ _____________。 Bing同学说：我喜欢有审美情趣的作品，这样的作品Neng ___________⑵ _____________。 Wu、(60分) 21.阅读下面这首诗，Gen据要求作文。(60分) 吴 兴 杂 Shi [清]阮元 交流四水抱城斜，散Zuo千溪遍万家。 深处种菱浅种https://www.fanwen99.cn/article/95488008.html稻，不深不浅Zhong荷花。 这首诗蕴含的哲理，引发了Ni怎样的思考或联想？请根据你的思考或联想写一篇Wen章，不少于800字。 [注意] ①Li意自定，题目自拟；除诗歌外，文体不限。 ②Bu得套作，不得抄袭。 ③不得透霹个人相关Xin息。 ④书写规范，正确使用标点Fu号。 【1.A 2.C 3.D 4.B 5.D 6.D 15.D 16.C 17.C】
------ ------------- Jue密★启用前 2. At what time will the film begin? A. 7:20. B. 7:15. C. 7:00. Zai 2012 Pu通高等学校招生全国统一考试（全国新课标Juan 1） 3. What are the two speakers mainly talking about? -------------------- A. Their friend Jane. B. A weekend trip. C. A radio programme. Ying语 4. What will the woman probably do? A. Catch a train. B. See the man off. C. Go shopping. Shi用地区：海南、宁夏、黑龙江、吉林、山西、He南、新疆、云南、河北、内蒙古 此 -------------------- 5. Why did the woman apologize? Ben试卷分第Ⅰ卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择题）Liang部分。共 150 Fen, 共 12 页。考 A. She made a late delivery. Shi时间结束后, 将本试卷和答题Ka一并交回。 注意事项： B. She went to the wrong place. 1. Da题前, 考生先将自己的姓名、准考证号Ma填写清楚, Jiang条形码准确粘贴在条形 C. She couldn’t take the cake back. Juan -------------------- Ma区域内。 2. Xuan择题必须使用 2B 铅笔填涂；Fei选择题必须使用 0.5 Hao米黑色字迹的签字笔书 第二节 (共 15 Xiao题；每小题 1.5 分, Man分 22.5 分) _____________ Xie, 字体工整、笔迹清楚。 Ting下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独Bai后有几个小题, Cong题中所给的 A、B、C San个 3. 请按照题号顺序在各Ti 目的答题区域内作答, Chao出答题区域书写的答案无效；在 选项中Xuan出最佳选项, 并标在试卷De相应位置。听每段对话或独白前, Ni将有时间阅读各个 草稿纸、试Ti卷上答题无效。 准考证号 Shang -------------------- 4. Bao持卡面清洁, 不要折叠、不要弄破、Nong皱, 不准使用Tu改液、修正带、刮纸刀。 Xiao题, 每小题 5 秒钟；听完后, Ge小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每Duan对话读两遍。 第Ⅰ卷 Ting第 6 段材料, 回答第 6、7 Ti。 6. Whose CD is broken? Da -------------------- Di一部分 听力（共两节, Man分 30 分） A. Kathy’s. B. Mum’s. C. Jack’s. Zuo题时, 先将答案标在试卷上, Lu音内容结束后, 你将有两分钟的时Jian将试卷上的 7. What does the boy promise to do for the girl? ________________ ________________ Da案转涂到答题卡上。 A. Buy her a new CD. Xing名 第一节 (共 5 Xiao题；每小题 1.5 分, Man分 7.5 分) 题 B. Do some cleaning. -------------------- Ting下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个Xiao题, 从题中所给的 A、B、C San个选项中选出 C. Give her 10 dollars. Zui佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。Ting完每段对话后, Ni都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关 Xiao题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 Ting第 7 段材料, 回答第 8、9 Ti。 例: How much is the shirt? Wu 8. What did the man think of the meal? -------------------- A. ￡19.15. B. ￡9. 18. C. ￡9.15. A. Just so-so. B. Quite satisfactory. C. A bit disappointing. Da案是 C。 9. What was the 15% on the bill paid for? 1. Where does this conversation probably take place? A. The food. B. The drinks. C. The service. Xiao A. In a bookstore. B. In a classroom. C. In a library. ---------- Ying语试卷 第 1 页（共 12 Ye） Ying语试卷 第 2 页（共 12 Ye） 听第 8 段材料, Hui答第 10 至 12 题。 20. What are the two speakers going to talk about next? 10. Why is the man at the shop? A. More records of unusual facts. B. The founder of the company. A. To order a camera for his wife. C. The oldest person in the world. B. To have a camera repaired. C. To get a camera changed. Di二部分 英语知识运用（共两节, Man分 45 分） 11. What colour does the man want? Di一节 单项填空（共 15 Ti；每小题 1 分, 满分 15 Fen） 从 A、B、C、D 四个Xuan项中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 A. Pink. B. Black. C. Orange. 12. What will the man do afterwards? Li: It is generally considered unwise to give a child ______ he or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever A. Make a phone call. Da案是 B。 B. Wait until further notice. 21 —Which one of these do you want? C. Come again the next day. —_______. Either will do. A. I don’t mind B. I’m sure C. N o problem D. Go ahead Ting第 9 段材料, 回答第 13 Zhi 16 题。 22. Sarah looked at _____ finished painting with _____ satisfaction. 13. What would Joe probably do during the Thanksgiving holiday? A.Bu填; a B. a; the C. the; Bu填 D. the; a A. Go to a play. B. Stay at home. C. Visit Kingston. 23. “Life is like walking in the snow”, Granny used to say, “because every step _____.” A. has shown B. is showing C. shows D. showed 14. What is Ariel going to do in Toronto? 24. It is by no means clear _____ the president can do to end the strike. A. Attend a party. B. Meet her aunt. C. See a car show. A. how B. which C that D. what I5. Why is Ariel in a hurry to leave? 25. I don’t believe we’ve met before, _____ I must say you do look familiar. A. To call up Betty. B. To buy some DVDs. C. To pick up Daniel. A. therefore B. although C. since D. unless 26. The result is not very important to us, but if we do win, then so much _____. 16. What might be the relationship between the speakers? A. the best B. best C. better D. the better A. Classmates. B. Fellow workers. C. Guide and tourist. 27. Mary is really good at taking notes in class. She can _____ almost every word her teacher says. Ting第 10 段材料, 回答第 17 Zhi 20 题。 A. put out B. put down C. put away D. put together 17. Where does Thomas Manning work? 28. The party will be held in the garden, weather _____. A. In the Guinness Company. A. permitting B. to permit C. permitted D. permit B. At a radio station. 29. This restaurant wasn’t _____ that other restaurant we went to. A. half as good as B. as half good as C. In a museum. C as good as half D. good as half as 18. Where did the idea of a book of records come from? 30. I _____ use a clock to wake me up because at six o’clock each morning the train comes by A. A bird-shooting trip. B. A visit to Europe. C. A television talk show. my house. 19. When did Sir Hugh’s first book of records appear? A. couldn’t B. mustn’t C. shouldn’t D. needn’t A. In 1875. B. In 1950. C. In 1955. Ying语试卷 第 3 页（共 12 Ye） Ying语试卷 第 4 页（共 12 Ye） 31. Larry asks Bill and Peter to go on a picnic with him, but _____ of them wants to, because 36. A. straighter B. louder C. harder D. further they have work to do. 37. A. sounds B. invitations C. feelings D. messages A. either B. any C. neither D none 38. A. hope B. receive C. discover D. mean 32. Film has a much shorter history, especially when _____ such art forms as music and painting. 39. A. immediate B. misleading C. important D. difficult A. having compared to B. comparing to 40. A. well B. far C. much D. long C. compare to D. compared to 41. A. For example B. Thus C. However D. In short 33. I had been working on math for the whole afternoon and the numbers _____ before my eyes. 42. A. trade B. distance C. connections D. greetings A. swim B. swum C. swam D. had swum 43. A. eye B. verbal C. bodily D. telephone 34. You have to move out of the way _____ the truck cannot get past you. 44. A. strangers B. relatives C. neighbors D. enemies A. so B. or C and D. but 45. A. in other words B. on the other hand C. in a similar way D. by all means 35. If she doesn’t want to go, nothing you can say will _____ her. 46. A. trouble B. conversation C. silence D. experiment A persuade B. promise C. invite D. support 47. A. disturbing B. helping C. guiding D. following 48. A. closer B. faster C. in D. away Di二节 完形填空(共 15 Ti：每小题 2 分, 满分 30 Fen) 49. A. stepping forward B. going on C. backing away D. coming out 50. A. weakness B. carelessness C. friendliness D. coldness Yue读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的四Ge选项(A、B、C He D)中, 选出最佳选项, Bing 51. A. talk B. travel C. laugh D. think Zai答题卡上将该项涂黑。 52. A. different B. European C. Latino D. rich 53. A. curiosity B. excitement C misunderstanding D. nervousness Body language is the quiet, secret and most powerful language of all! It speaks 36 than 54. A. chance B. time C. result D. advice words. According to specialists, our bodies send out more 37 than we realize. In fact, 55. A. noticed B. treated C respected D. pleased non-verbal（Fei言语）communication takes up about 50% of what we really 38 . And body Di二部分 阅读理解（共两节，Man分 40 分） language is particularly 39 when we attempt to communicate across cultures. Indeed, Di一节 (共 15 题：每小Ti 2 分，满分 30 分) what is called body language is so 40 a part of us that it’s actually often unnoticed. And Yue读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项 、 、 He 中，选出最佳选项，并在答 misunderstandings occur as a result of it. 41 , different societies treat the 42 between (A B C D) people differently. Northern Europeans usually do not like having 43 contact（Jie触） 题卡上将该项涂黑。 even with friends, and certainly not with 44 . People from Latin American countries, 45 , A touch each other quite a lot. Therefore, it’s possible that in 46 , it ma y look like a Are you looking for some new and exciting places to take your kids to? Try some of these places: Latino is 47 a Norwegian all over the room. The Latino, trying to express friendship, will • Visit art museums. They offer a variety of activities to excite your kids’ interest. Many keep moving 48 . The Norwegian, very probably seeing this as pushiness, will keep 49 — offer workshops for making hand-made pieces, traveling exhibits, book signings（Qian名） which the Latino will in return regard as 50 . by children’s favorite writers, and even musical performances and other arts. Clearly, a great deal is going on when people 51 . And only a part of it is in the words • Head to a natural history museum. This is where kids can discover the past from dinosaur themselves. And when parties are from 52 cultures, there’s a strong possibility of 53 . But models to rock collections and pictures of stars in the sky. Also, ask what kind of whatever the situation, the best 54 is to obey the Golden Rule: treat others as you would workshops and educational programs are prepared for kids and any special events that like to be 55 . are coming up. Ying语试卷 第 5 页（共 12 Ye） Ying语试卷 第 6 页（共 12 Ye） • Go to a Youtheater. Look for one in your area offering plays for child and family visitors. When they finally arrive at the nest, the follower reaches in to get at the delicious honey as the Pre-show play shops are conducted by area artists and educators where kids can discover bird patiently waits and watches. Some of the honey, and the wax, always falls to the ground, the secret about performing arts. Puppet（Mu偶）making and stage make-up are just a and this is when the honey guide takes its share. couple of the special offerings you might find. • Try hands-on science. Visit one of the many hands-on science museums around the Scientists do not know why the honey guide likes eating the wax, but it is very determined country. These science play-lands are great fun for kids and g rown-ups alike. They’ll in its efforts to get it. The birds seem to be able to smell wax from a long distance away. They keep your child mentally and physically active the whole day through while pushing will quickly arrive whenever a beekeeper is taking honey from his beehives, and will even enter buttons, experimenting, and building. When everyone is tired, enjoy a fun family science churches when beeswax candles are being lit. show, commonly found in these museums. 56. If a child is interested in the universe, he probably will visit ______. 60. Why is it difficult to find a wild bees’ nest? A. a Youtheater A. It’s small in size. B. It’s hidden in trees. B. an art museum C. It’s covered with wax. D. It’s hard to recognize. C. a natural history museum 61. What do the words “the follower” in Paragraph 2 refer to? D. a hands-on science museum 57. What can kids do at a Youtheater? A. A bee. B. A bird. A. Look at rock collections. B. See dinosaur models. C. A honey seeker. D. A beekeeper. C. Watch puppet making. D. Give performances. 62. The honey guide is special in the way ______. 58. What does “hands-on science” mean in the last paragraph? A. it gets its food B. it goes to church A. Science games designed by kids. B. Learning science by doing things. C. it sings in the forest D. it reaches into bees’ nests C. A show of kids’ science work. D. Reading science books. 63. What can be the best title for the text? 59. Where does this text probably come from? A. A science textbook. B. A tourist map. A. Wild Bees B. Wax and Honey C. A museum guide. D. A news report. C. Beekeeping in Africa D. Honey-Lover’s Helper B C Honey from the African forest is not only a kind of natural sugar, it is also delicious. Most About twenty of us had been fortunate enough to receive invitations to a film-studio（Ying people, and many animals, like eating it. However, the only way for them to get that honey is to Peng）to take part in a crowd-scene. Although our “act” would last only for a short time, we could find a wild bees’ nest and take the honey from it. Often, these nests are high up in trees, and it see quite a number of interesting things. is difficult to find them. In parts of Africa, though, people and animals looking for honey have We all stood at the far end of the studio as workmen prepared the scene, setting up trees at a strange and unexpected helper—a little bird called a honey guide. the edge of a winding path. Very soon, bright lights were turned on and the big movie-camera The honey guide does not actually like honey, but it does like the wax in the beehives（Feng was wheeled into position. The director shouted something to the camera operator and then went Fang）. The little bird cannot reach this wax, which is deep inside the bees’ nest. So, when it finds to speak to the two famous actors nearby. Since it was hot in the studio, it came as a surprise to a suitable nest, it looks for someone to help it. The honey guide gives a loud cry that attracts the us to see one of the actors put on a heavy overcoat and start walking along the path. A big fan attention of both passing animals and people. Once it has their attention, it flies through the began blowing tiny white feathers down on him, and soon the trees were covered in “snow”. forest, waiting from time to time for the curious animal or person as it leads them to the nest. Ying语试卷 第 7 页（共 12 Ye） Ying语试卷 第 8 页（共 12 Ye） Two more fans were turned on, and a “strong wind” blew through the trees. The picture looked In childhood we usually continue to practice such skills as swimming, bicycle riding, and so real that it made us feel cold. playing baseball long after we have learned them. We continue to listen to and remind ourselves The next scene was a complete contrast（Dui比）. The way it was filmed was quite unusual. of words such as “Twinkle, twinkle, little star” and childhood tales such as Cinderella and Pictures taken on an island in the Pacific were shown on a glass screen. An actor and actress Goldilocks. We not only learn but overlearn. stood in front of the scene so that they looked as if they were at the water’s edge on an island. The multiplication tables（Cheng法口诀表）are an exception to the general rule that we forget By a simple trick like this, palm trees, sandy beaches, and blue, clear skies had been brought rather quickly the things that we learn in school, because they are another of the things we into the studio! overlearn in childhood. Since it was our turn next, we were left wondering what scene would be prepared for us. The law of overlearning explains why cramming（Tu击学习）for an examination, though For a full three minutes in our lives we would be experiencing the excitement of being film it may result in a passing grade, is not a satisfactory way to learn a college course. By cramming, “Stars”! a student may learn the subject well enough to get by on the examination, but he is likely soon to forget almost everything he learned. A little overlearning, on the other hand, is really 64. Who is the author? necessary for one’s future development. A. A cameraman. B. A film director. C. A crowd-scene actor. D. A workman for scene setting. 67. What’s the main idea of Paragraph 1? 65. What made the author feel cold? A. People remember well what they learned in childhood. A. The heavy snowfall. B. The man-made scene. B. Children have a better memory than grown-ups. C. The low temperature. D. The film being shown. C. Poem reading is a good way to learn words. 66. What would happen in the “three minutes” mentioned in the last paragraph? D. Stories for children are easy to remember. A. A new scene would be filmed. B. More stars would act in the film. 68. The author explains the law of overlearning by ______. C. The author would leave the studio. D. The next scene would be prepared. A. presenting research findings B. setting down general rules C. making a comparison D. using examples D 69. According to the author, being able to use multiplication tables is ______. Grown-ups are often surprised by how well they remember something they learned as children A. a result of overlearning B. a special case of cramming but have never practiced ever since. A man who has not had a chance to go swimming for years can C. a skill to deal with math problems D. a basic step towards advanced studies still swim as well as ever when he gets back in the water. He can get on a bicycle after many years 70. What is the author’s opinion on cramming? and still ride away. He can play catch and hit a ball as well as his son. A mother who has not thought A. It leads to failure in college ex ams. about the words for years can teach her daughter the poem that begins “Twinkle, twinkle, little star” B. It’s helpful only in a limited way. or remember the story of Cinderella or Goldilocks and the Three Bears. C. It’s possible to result in poor memory. One explanation is the law of overlearning, which can be stated as follows: Once we have D. It increases students’ learning interest. learned something, additional learning trials increase the length of time we will remember it. Ying语试卷 第 9 页（共 12 Ye） Ying语试卷 第 10 页（共 12 Ye） 第二节 (共 5 Xiao题；每小题 2 分, 满Fen 10 分) DiⅡ卷 第四部分 写作(共两节，Man分 35 分) Gen据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选Chu能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项Wei 第一节 短文改错(共 10 Xiao题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 Fen) 多余选项。 Jia定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，Qing你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 Kids’ health: Four steps for fighting stress You 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处Cuo误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 Everybody gets stressed time to time. 71 Some ways of dealing with stress—like Zeng加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^)，Bing在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:Ba多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 screaming or hitting someone—don’t solve（Jie决）much. But other ways, like talking to Xiu改:在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改Hou的词。 someone you trust, can lead you to solving your problem or at least feeling better. Zhu意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅Xian一词; Try taking these four steps the next time you are stressed: 2. Zhi允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 Chu起)不计分。 (1) Get support. When you need help, reach out to the people who care about you. Talk to I learned early in life that I had to be more patient and little aggressive. From the time I a trusted adult, such as a parent o or other relatives. 72 They might have had similar was about four until I was about six, I destroyed each of my toy. I was happy when the toys worked, but when things did wrong, I got angry and broke it. For a while parents bought me problems, such as dealing with a test, or the death of a beloved pet. new toys. But before long they began to see which was happening. When I tear apart my fifth (2) Don’t take it out on yourself. Sometimes when kids are stressed and upset they take birthday toy train, my father said, “That’s it. No more toys to you.” My punishment lasted a year. it out on themselves. Oh, dear, that’s good idea. Remember that there are always people to help Meanwhile, I found out that with more patience I must make my toys to last. My attitude you. Don’t take it out on yourself. 73 changed from then on. (3) Try to solve the problem. After you’re calm and you have support from adults and Di二节 书面表达（满分 25 Fen) 假定你是李华，从互联网上得知Yi个国际中学生组织将在新加坡(Singapore)Ju办夏 friends, it’s time to get down to business. 74 Even if you can’t solve it all, you can solve Ling营，欢迎各国学生参加。请写一封电子邮件申请参Jia。 a piece of it. Nei容主要包括： (4) Be positive. Most stress is temporary（Zan时的）. Remember stress does go away, 1. Zi我介绍（包括英语能力）； especially when you figure out the problem and start working on solving it. 2. Can加意图（介绍中国、了解其他国）； 3. Xi望获准。 These steps aren’t magic, but they do work. And if you can stay positive as you make your Zhu意： way through a tough time, you’ll help yourself feel better even faster. 75 1. Ci数 100 左右； 2. Ke以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 邮Jian开头和结尾已为你写好。 A. Ask for a helping hand to get you through the tough situation. 3. B. Notice your friends’ feelings and find a way to help them. Dear Sir or Madam, C. Different people feel stress in different ways. ___________________________________________________________________________ D. Ah, it feels so good when the stress is gone. ___________________________________________________________________________ E. You need to figure out what the problem is. ___________________________________________________________________________ F. And don’t forget about your friends. Regards, Li Hua G. Then, find a way to calm down. Ying语试卷 第 11 页（共 12 Ye） Ying语试卷 第 12 页（共 12 Ye）
2003年普通高等学校春季招生考试·Ying语(北京卷)（二） 本试Juan分第一卷（选择题）和第二卷（非选择题）Liang部分。考试时间120分钟。 第一Juan（三部分，共115分） 注意事项： 1．Da第一卷前，考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证Hao、考试科目用铅笔涂写在答题卡上。 2．每Xiao题选出答案后，用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目De答案标号涂黑。如需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，Zai选涂其它答案标号。不能答在试卷上。 3．Kao试结束，考生将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 第一Bu分：听力（共两节，满分30分） Zuo题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容Jie束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转Tu到答题卡上。 第一节（共5小题；Mei小题1.5分，满分7.5分） Ting下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中Suo给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项，并Biao在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都You10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一Xiao题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例：How much is the shirt? A．￡19.15. B．￡9.15. C．￡9.18 Da案是B。 1．When will the speakers meet? A．At 8 o’clock. B．At 7 o’clock. C．At 7:30. 2．Where is the man going to plant the tree? A．By the front door. B．At the back of the garage. C．At the other end of the garden. 3．What do we learn about the woman? A．She has to attend a meeting. B．She is going to see a doctor. C．She does not like sports. 4．What are they going to buy? A．Bread. B．Cheese C．Eggs. 5．To Whom is the woman speaking? A．Her boss. B．Her husband. C．A policeman. Di二节（共15小题；每小题1.5分，满分22.5Fen） 听下面5段对话或独白。每Duan对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的A、B、CSan个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相Ying位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间Yue读各个小题，每小题5秒钟；听完后，Ge小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读Liang遍。 听第6段材料，回答第6至8题。 6．What is the relationship between the speakers? A．Boss and secretary. B．Husband and wife. C．Father and daughter. 7．Whom does the man have to see at 10 a.m.? A．Mr. Smith. B．Mr. Potter. C．Mrs. Thompson. 8．Why doesn’t the man want to see Mrs. Thompson? A．He thinks she is unimportant. B．He is tired of meeting people. C．He thinks she is boring. Ting第7段材料，回答第9至11题。 9．What is the speaker going to do next weekend? A．To call her old friends. B．To see her boyfriend. C．To hold a party. 10．In which country does the speaker’s father live? A．America. B．Britain. 11．What is the speaker doing? A．Making an invitation. B．Giving advice. C．Canada. C．Asking for help. Ting第8段材料，回答第12至14题。 12．How long will it take them to get to Oldfield by car? A．About a day. B．About an hour. C．About two and a half hours. 13．Why do they choose to take a picnic? A．Because there are no restaurants in the park. B．Because the restaurants there are expensive. C．Because they prefer their own food and drinks. 14．Where have they finally decided to go? A．Oldfield Adventure Park. B．Newport Waterworld. C．A small zoo. Ting第9段材料，回答第15至17题。 15．How often do people in the Historical Society meet? A．Every week. B．Every two weeks. C．Every three weeks. 16．What is the main purpose of the Historical Society? A．To find out what they can learn from history. B．To study the people who lived there before. C．To learn about what happened in the past. 17．What do they plan to do this year? A．To study the history of the town. B．To visit historical houses in the college. C．To visit more places of historical interest. Ting第10段材料，回答第18至20题。 18．What do we know about No.6 Station Road? A．It has the man’s lucky number. B．It has got four bedrooms. C．It has a garage. 19．What is good about No.4 Candy Street? A．It is in a quieter place. B．Is has bigger rooms. C．It is closer to shops. 20．Which one have they decided on? A．The one with a big garden. B．The one next to the station. C．The one closer to town. Di二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分45Fen） 第一节：单项填空（共15小题；Mei小题1分，满分15分） 从A、B、C、DSi个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并Zai答题卡上将该项涂黑。 例：It is generally considered unwise to give a child he or she wants. A．however B．whatever C．whichever D．whenever Da案是B。 21．—The room is so dirty. —Of course. A．Will B．Shall C．Would D．Do 22．—The boys are not doing a good job at all, are they? — A．I guess not so B．I don’t guess C．I don’t guess so D．I guess not 23．—I’m sorry I’m calling you so late. — A．This is B．You’re C．That’s D．I’m 24．There’s A．a; the B．a; a C．the; a D．the; the 25．—Are you still thinking about yesterday’s game? —Oh, that’s A．what makes me feel excited B．whatever I feel excited about C．how I feel about it D．when I feel excited 26．—When will you come to see me, Dad? —I will go to see you when you A．will have finished B．will finish C．are finishing D．finish 27．—How long —Since 1990. A．were you employed B．have you been employed C．had you been employed D．will you be employed 28．The manager has got a good business A．idea B．sense C．thought D．thinking 29．—Was his father very strict with him when he was at school? —Yes. He had never praised him A．after B．unless C．until D．when 30．—I was riding along the street and all of a sudden, a car cut in and knocked me down. —You can never be A．much B．very C．so D．too 31．We are living in an age A．which B．that C．whose D．when 32．The idea puzzled me so much that I stopped for a few seconds to try to A．make it out B．make it off C．make it up D．make it over 33．—You don’t look very —No, I’m just a bit tired. A．good B．well C．strong D．healthy 34．—What happened to the priceless works of art? — A．They were destroyed in the earthquake B．The earthquake was destroying them C．They destroyed in the earthquake D．The earthquake destroyed them 35．Mr. Smith, A．tired; boring B．tiring; bored C．tired; bored D．tiring; boring Di二节：完形填空（共20小题；每小题1.5Fen，满分30分） 阅读下面短文，掌握Qi大意，然后从36~55各题所给的四Ge选项（A、B、C和D）中，选出最佳选Xiang，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 You Did More Than Carry My books Mark was walking home from school one day when he noticed the boy ahead of him had dropped all of the books he was carrying, along with a baseball bat and several other things. Mark down and helped the boy pick up these articles. he helped to carry some of them for him. As they walked Mark the boy’s name was Bill, that he computer games, baseball and history, that he was having a lot of They arrived at Bill’s home first and Mark was in for a Coke and to watch some television. The afternoon passed with a few laughs and some shared small talk, and then Mark went home. They to see each other around school, had lunch together once or twice, and then both ended up from the same high school, Just three weeks before talk. Bill him of the day years ago when they had first met. “Do you was carrying so many things home that day?” asked Bill. “You see, I out my locker because I didn’t want to leave a mess(Zang乱) anyone else. I had planned to run away and I was going home to my things. But after we spent some time together I had done that, I would have a new friend and missed all the fun we would have together. So you see, Mark, when you picked up my books that day, you did a lot more. You my life.” 36．A．fell B．sat C．lay D．knelt 37．A．Although B．Since C．After D．Until 38．A．discovered B．realized C．said D．decided 39．A．played B．loved C．tried D．made 40．A．questions B．ideas C．trouble D．doubt 41．A．up B．out C．off D．away 42．A．called B．helped C．invited D．allowed 43．A．peacefully B．willingly C．freely D．pleasantly 44．A．continued B．agreed C．forced D．offered 45．A．graduation B．movement C．separation D．vacation 46．A．would B．should C．could D．must 47．A．demanded B．reminded C．removed D．asked 48．A．ever B．usually C．even D．never 49．A．checked B．took C．cleaned D．put 50．A．over B．into C．with D．for 51．A．find B．pick C．pack D．hold 52．A．talking B．playing C．reading D．watching 53．A．before B．if C．while D．as 54．A．forgotten B．passed C．left D．lost 55．A．helped B．recovered C．improved D．changed Di三部分：阅读理解（共20小题；每小Ti2分，满分40分） 阅读下列短文，从每Ti所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中，选出最佳选Xiang，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Last summer I went through a training program and became a literacy volunteer（Sao盲志愿者）. The training I received, though excellent, did not tell me how it was to work with a real student, however. When I began to discover what other people’s lives were like because they could not read, I realized the true importance of reading. My first student Marie was a 44-year-old single mother of three. In the first lesson, I found out she walked two miles to the nearest supermarket twice a week because she didn’s know which bus to take. When I told her I would get her a bus schedule（Shi刻表）,she told me it would not help because she could not read it. She said she also had difficulty once she got to the supermarket because she couldn’t always remember what she needed. Since she did not know words, she could not write out a shopping list. Also, she could only recognize items by sight, so if the product had a different label(Biao识), she would not recognize it as the product she wanted. As we worked together, learning how to read built Marie’s self-confidence(Zi信心), which encouraged her to continue in her studies. She began to make rapid progress and was even able to take the bus to the supermarket. After this successful trip, she reported how self-confident she felt. At the end of the program, she began helping her youngest son, Tony, a shy first grader, with his reading. She sat with him before he went to sleep and together they would read bedtime stories. When his eyes became wide with excitement as she read, pride was written all over her face, and she began to see how her own hard work in learning to read paid off. As she described this experience, I was proud of myself as well. I found that helping Marie to build her selfconfidence was more rewarding than anything I had ever done before. As a literacy volunteer, I learned a great deal about teaching and helping others. In fact, I may have learned more from the experience than Marie did. 56．What did the author do last summer? A．She worked in the supermarket. B．She helped someone to learn to read. C．She gave single mothers the help they needed. D．She went to a training program to help a literacy volunteer. 57．Why didn’t Marie go to the supermarket by bus at first? A．Because she liked to walk to the supermarket. B．Because she lived far away from the bus stop. C．Because she couldn’t afford the bus ticket. D．Because she couldn’t find the right bus. 58．How did Marie use to find the goods she wanted in the supermarket? A．She knew where the goods were in the supermarket. B．She asked others to take her to the right place. C．She managed to find the goods by their looks. D．She remembered the names of the goods. 59．Which of the following statements is true about Marie? A．Marie could do things she had not been able to do before. B．Marie was able to read stories with the help of her son. C．Marie decided to continue her studies in school D．Marie paid for her own lessons. B As you move around your home, take a good look at the things you have. It is likely that your living room will have a television set and a video, and your kitchen a washing machine and a microwave oven. Your bedroom drawers will be filled with almost three times as many clothes as you need. You almost certainly own a car and possibly a home computer, holiday abroad at least once a year and eat out at least once a week. Now, perhaps, more than ever before, people are wondering what life is all about, and what it is for. Seeking material success is beginning to trouble large numbers of people around the world. They feel that the long-hours work culture to make more money to buy more things is eating up their lives, leaving them very little time or energy for family or pastimes. Many are Six percent of workers in Britain took the decision to downshift last year. One couple who downshifted is Daniel and Liz. They used to work in central London. He was a newspaper reporter and she used to work for an international bank. They would go to work by train every day from their large house in the suburbs(Jiao区), leaving their two children with a nanny（Bao姆）. Most evenings Daniel wouldn’t get home until eight or nine o’clock, and nearly twice a month he would have to fly to New York for meetings. They both earned a large amount of money but began to feel that life was passing them by. Nowadays, they run a farm in the mountains of Wales. “I always wanted to have a farm here,” says Daniel, “and we took almost a year to make the decision to downshift. It’s taken some getting used to, but it’s been worth it. We have to think twice now about spending money on car repairs and we no longer have any holidays. However, I think it’s made us stronger as a family, and the children are a lot happier.” Liz, however, is not quite sure. “I used to enjoy my job, even though it was hard work and long hours. I’m not really a country girl, but I suppose I’m gradually getting used to looking after the animals. One thing I do like, though, is being able to see more of my children. My not do it at all.” 60．What do the first two paragraphs tell us? A．People seldom work long hours to make money. B．People hardly buy more things than necessary. C．People are sure everything they own is in the right place. D．People realise there is more to life than just making money. 61．When Daniel was a reporter he A．lived in central London B．disliked his job C．missed his children D．was well paid 62．Daniel and Liz both agree that the move to the farm A．was easy to organise B．has improved family life C．was extremely expensive D．has been a total success 63．What does the underlined “ paragraph refer to? A．Child-caring. B．Liz’s advice. C．Downshifting D．Liz’s job. 64．The underlined word “” in the second paragraph means A．repairing your car by yourself B．spending money carefully C．moving out to the countryside to live a simpler and better life D．living in a big house in the suburbs and dining out once a week C The following is about the BBC and some other broadcasting station in Britain. 65．On which radio can you hear a commercial? A．Radio 3. B．Radio 4. C．Capital Radio. D．Radio London. 66．You need to listen to A．Radio 2. B．Radio 3. C．Radio Wales. D．LBC D Have you ever got stuck with unwanted courses or a class schedule that cannot be changed? If so, that’s because you don’t know how to select the perfect schedule. But by following a few simple steps, you can begin any term with the right courses at the most convenient times. First, you must find the right courses. These are the ones that have the least amount of work, the fewest tests and the kindest professors. Ask your friends about courses in which they received A’s after attending only 70 percent of the classes. Ask around, too, to see which instructors have given the same tests for the last fifteen years. Photocopies of these tests are usually cheap and can be easily found in school. Then, pick up a copy of the master schedule and study it carefully. Find the course titles that mean an easy pass for a painless subject. Look for titles like “Arts and Crafts for Beginners,” and “Rock Music of the 1950s.” Next, when you have got lists of easy instructors and subjects you can begin to select your time periods. If you stay up late in order to watch old movies, you may want a daily schedule that begins no sooner than noon. You should schedule only afternoon courses, too, if you’re one of those people who hate to leave a warm bed in the morning. On the other hand, if you are a person who gets out of bed at dawn, you may want to get your classes out of the way as early as possible. That way you have the rest of the day free. Morning classes are also necessary if you are a soap opera(Fei皂剧) fan. Finally, you want your schedule to pass through registration successfully. The main way to do this is to register(Zhu册) early. If a course does happen to be closed because you simply couldn’t register at 7:00 a.m., you may still be able to get in. Talk to the professor and tell him or her that a serious and hardworking student like yourself would be a shining example to other students. Be sure to carry a list of backup courses to registration, though, just in case one of your chosen classes changes professors or time periods. By following these suggestions, any student can pick the perfect class schedule. College can thus become an almost pleasant activity. 67．Which of the following statements is true? A．You can get copies of tests if you are willing to pay the price. B． “Rock Music of the 1950s” may be an easy course. C．It is difficult to pick the perfect class schedule. D．Attendance is required in all classes. 68．You should A．register for classes in the morning if you get up early B．have classes late in the morning if you stay up late C．sign up for afternoon classes if you want to see soap operas D．choose classes in the evening if you want to watch old films 69．If a course happens to be closed, you should A．register at 7:00 a. m.. B．sit in on the class anyway C．register for a back-up course D．get help from the professor 70．Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A．Course Registration Made Easy B．How to Find the Right Courses C．Classes and After-class Activities D．How to Pick the Perfect Schedule E Children have their own rules in playing games. They seldom need a referee(Cai判) and rarely trouble to keep scores. They don’t care much about who wins or loses, and it doesn’t seem to worry them if the game is not finished. Yet, they like games that depend a lot on luck, so that their personal abilities cannot be directly compared. They also enjoy games that move in stages, in which each stage, the choosing of leaders, the picking-up of sides, or the determining of which side shall start, is almost a game in itself. Grown-ups can hardly find children’s games exciting, and they often feel puzzled at why their kids play such simple games again and again. However, it is found that a child plays games for very important reasons. He can be a good player without having to think whether he is a popular person, and he can find himself being a useful partner to someone of whom he is ordinarily afraid. He becomes a leader when it comes to his turn. He can be confident, too, in particular games, that it is his place to give orders, to pretend to be dead, to throw a ball actually at someone, or to kiss someone he has caught. It appears to us that when children play a game they imagine a situation under their control. Everyone knows the rules, and more importantly, everyone plays according to the rules. Those rules may be childish, but they make sure that every child has a chance to win. 71．What is true about children when they play games? A．They can stop playing any time they like. B．They can test their personal abilities. C．They want to pick a better team. D．They don’t need rules. 72．To become a leader in a game the child has to A．play well B．wait for his turn C．be confident in himself D．be popular among his playmates 73．What do we know about grown-ups? A．They are not interested in games. B．They find children’s games too easy. C．They don’t need a reason to play games. D．They don’t understand children’s games. 74．Why does a child like playing games? A．Because he can be someone other than himself. B．Because he can become popular among friends. C．Because he finds he is always lucky in games. D．Because he likes the place where he plays a game. 75．The writer believes that A．children should make better rules for their games. B．children should invite grown-ups to play with them. C．children’s games can do them a lot of good D．children play games without reasons Di二卷（共35分） 注意事项：1．Di二卷共4页，用钢笔或圆珠笔直接答在试Juan上。 2．答卷前将密封线内的项目Tian写清楚。 第四部分：写作（共两节，Man分35分） 第一节：短文改错（共10Xiao题；每小题1分，满分10分） 此题Yao求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号De每一行做出判断：如无错误，在该行右边Heng线上画一个勾（√）；如有错误（每行只有一个Cuo误），则按下列情况改正： 该行多一Ge词：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉，在该行右Bian横线上写出该词，并也用斜 线划掉。 Gai行缺一个词：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^)，Zai该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 该行错Yi个词：在错的词下划一横线，在该行右边横Xian上写出改正后的词。 注意：原行没有错的Bu要改。 Many teachers worry about the effects of television on young people. According to studies, any children spend more time 76． watching television than they spend in school. Because so 77． much viewing, children may not be develop the habit of 78． read and the ability to enjoy themselves. No one worries 79． much about the radio program young people listen to, 80． although radios can be very noise. Teachers also wonder about 81． the effects of television commercials. On one year the 82． average child will see 25,000 television commercials, all 83． planned and written by grown-ups to make children to want 84． things that they don’t real need. 85． Di二节：书面表达（满分25分） Wei了响应38年前毛主席提出的“向雷锋同志Xue习”的号召，配合北京迎“奥运”宣传活动，光Ming中学组织了一次到某汽车站的学雷锋活动。请根据Yi下6幅图画，用英语写一篇日记。 Zhu意： 1．词数100左右； 2．Ri记的开头与结尾已为你写好。 生Ci：奥运知识竞赛：general knowledge quiz on the Olympic Games Tuesday, March 5, 2002 Fine Thirty-eight years ago, the late Chairman Mao called on us to learn from LeiFeng. To mark the occasion, we organized an activity at a nearby bus station today. Today’s activity has taught us the new meaning of the spirit of LeiFeng:Sharing with others what you have—your time, energy, or knowledge—makes you feel warm in your heart. It has truly made a difference in how I feel about myself. 2003Nian普通高等学校春季招生考试·英语(北京卷)Da案 第一、二、三部分（Key to 1—75）： 1．A 2．B 3．B 4．C 5．C 6．A 7．A 8．C 9．C 10．B 11．A 12．C 13．B 14．B 15．B 16．A 17．C 18．B 19．A 20．A 21．B 22．D 23．C 24．A 25．A 26．D 27．B 28．B 29．C 30．D 31．D 32．A 33．B 34．A 35．A 36．D 37．B 38．A 39．B 40．C 41．A 42．C 43．D 44．A 45．A 46．C 47．B 48．A 49．C 50．D 51．C 52．A 53．B 54．D 55．D 56．B 57．D 58．C 59．A 60．D 61．D 62．B 63．C 64．C 65．C 66．B 67．B 68．A 69．D 70．D 71．A 72．B 73．B 74．A 75．C Di四部分： 第一节： Many teachers worry about the effects of television on young 76． watching television than they spend in school. Because ^so 77． much viewing, children may not be develop the habit of 78． ． ． 81． ． average child will see 25,000 television commercials, all 83． planned and written by grown-ups to make children to want 84． things that they don’t 85． Di二节： 一、内容要点： 1．Dao达 2．学英语 3．清洁车辆 4．Lu口服务 5．知识竞赛 6．告别 Er、说明： 1．内容要点可用不同Fang式表达。 2．对紧扣主题的适当发挥不予Kou分。 三、One possible version: Tuesday, March 5, 2002 Fine Thirty-eight years ago, the late Chairman Mao called on us to learn from Lei Feng. To mark the occasion, we organized an activity at a nearby bus station today. At 8 o’clock in the morning, we arrived at the 712 bus station, where we were warmly welcomed by the drivers and conductors. Then we broke up into several groups. Some of us taught some drivers and conductors English, while other cleaned the buses. Still others directed traffic at the crossroads near the bus station and helped the elderly cross the street. Staff members of the bus station and our classmates then took part in a general knowledge quiz on the Olympic Games in the afternoon, which was great fun for both sides. Around four o’clock, we said goodbye to one another, and felt very happy on the way home. Today’s activity has taught us the new meaning of the spirit of Lei Feng:Sharing with others what you have—your time, energy, or knowledge—makes you feel warm in your heart. It has truly made a difference in how I feel about myself.