The movie tells us that the best people to increase the happiness of life is love. Movie by the end of the row that this is such a life. Although I think this kind of outcome is too perfect, so perfect .., but I still respect this author. The ideal of a better kind of life. I was really moved by Jane Erye after closing the movie. What a kind and good woman Mrs Eyre had a heart of gold. She really loved everyone around her, and gave others help sincerely. She respected herself and did her best to do everything .I really love her. She is both a great teacher and a good friend of mine. This is a story about a special woman who has been exposed to a hostile environment but continuously struggling for her ideal life. The story can be interpreted as a symbol of the independent spirit. As we refer to the movie “JaneEyer”, it is not surprising to find some differences betwe en this movie and novels, but the spirit of the novel remains----to be an independent person, both physically and mentally. Why not read Jane Erye my friends!
The movie tells us that the best people to increase the happiness of life is love. Movie by the end of the row that this is such a life. Although I think this kind of outcome is too perfect, so perfect .., but I still respect this author. The ideal of a better kind of life. I was really moved by Jane Erye after closing the movie. What a kind and good woman Mrs Eyre had a heart of gold. She really loved everyone around her, and gave others help sincerely. She respected herself and did her best to do everything .I really love her. She is both a great teacher and a good friend of mine. This is a story about a special woman who has been exposed to a hostile environment but continuously struggling for her ideal life. The story can be interpreted as a symbol of the independent spirit. As we refer to the movie “Jane Eyer”, it is not surprising to find some differences between this movie and novels, but the spirit of the novel remains----to be an independent person, both physically and mentally. Why not read Jane Erye my friends!
1)表语从句 1.定义:用作Biao语的从句叫做表语从句。 2.构成:关Lian词+简单句 3.引导表语从句De关联词的种类: (1)从属连词that.Ru: The trouble is that I have lost his address.Ma烦是我把他的地址丢了。 (2)Cong属连词whether,as,as if.Ru: He looked just as he had looked ten years before.Ta看起来还与十年前一样。The question is whether they will be able to help us.Wen题是他们是否能帮我们。 注:从Shu连词if一般不用来引导表语从句,但as ifQue可引导表语从句,如: All this was over twenty years ago,but it’s as if it was only yesterday. Zhe都是20多年前的事了,但宛如昨天一样。 Neng跟表语从句的谓语动词一般为系动词be,seem,lookDeng。如: It looked as if it was going to rain.Kan起来天要下雨了。 (3)连接Dai词who,whom,whose,what,which,whoever,whatever,whichever Lian接副词where,when,how,why. Ru:The problem is who we can get to replace her.Wen题是我们能找到谁去替换 她呢。 The question is how he did it.Wen题是他是如何做此事的。 That was what she did this morning on reaching the attic.Na就是她今晨上了 阁楼干的。 解释: 1.Lian词because可引导表语从句。如: I think it is because you are doing too much.Wo想这是因为你做得太多。 2.在一些表Shi“建议、劝说、命令”的名词后面的表语从句中,Wei语动词用虚拟语气。 should+Dong词原形表示,should可省略。如: My suggestion is that we (should)start early tomorrow.Wo的建议是我们明天 一早就出发。 2)Zhu语从句 1.定义:用作主语的Cong句叫做主语从句。 2.构成:关联Ci+简单句 3.引导主语从句的Guan联词有三类: (1)从属连词that.Ru:That they were in truth sisters was clear from the facial resemblance between them. Hen明显,她们确是亲姐妹,她们的脸型很相似。 (2)Cong属连词whether.如: Whether he’ll come here isn’t clear.Ta是否会来这里还不清楚。 (3)连接代Ciwho,whom,whose,what,which,whoever,whatever,whichever Lian接副词where,when,how,why.Ru: What she did is not yet known.Ta干了什么尚不清楚。 How this happened is not clear to anyone.Zhe事怎样发生的,谁也不清楚。 Whoever comes is welcome.Bu论谁来都欢迎。 Wherever you are is my home —— my only home.Ni所在的任何地方就是我的 家——我唯一De家。 解释: 1.主语从句能Yongit作形式上的主语。常以it作形式主语的Ju型有: A.It+be+形容Ci(obvious,true,natural,surprising,good,wonderful,funny, possible,likely,certain,probable,etc.)+thatCong句。如: It is certain that she will do well in her exam.Hao无疑问她考试成绩会很好。 It is probable that he told her everything.Hen可能他把一切都告诉她了。 B.It+be+Ming词词组(no wonder,an honor,a good thing,a pity,no surprise, etc.)+thatCong句。如: It’s a pity that we can’t go.Hen遗憾我们不能去。 It’s no surprise that our team should have won the game.Wo们没赢这场比赛 真意外。 C.It+be+Guo去分词(said,reported,thought,expected,decided,announced, arranged,etc.)+thatCong句。如: It is said that Mr.Green has arrived in Beijing.Ju说格林先生已经到了北京。 It is reported that China has sent another man-made earth satellite into orbit. Ju报道中国又成功地发射了一颗人造地球卫星。 D.It+seem,happenDeng不及物动词及短语+that从句。如: It seems that Alice is not coming to the party at all.AliceSi乎不来参加晚会。 It happened that I was out that day.Peng巧我那天外出了。 E.It+doesn’t matter(makes no difference,etc.)+Lian接代词或连接副词引起的 主语从句。Ru: It doesn’t matter w hether she will come or not.Ta是否来这无关紧要。 It makes no difference where we shall have the meeting.Wo们在哪里开会毫无 区别。 F.Dangthat引导的主语从句出现在疑问句中时,Yao以it作形式主语,而把主语从句后置。 Ru: Is it true that the scientist will give us a lecture next week?Xia周那位科学家 将给我们作报告是真的吗? Does it matter much that they will not come tomorrow?Ta们明天不来很要紧 吗? G.当Zhu语从句出现在感叹句中时,要以it作形式Zhu语,而把主语从句后置。如: How strange it is that the children are so quiet!Hai子们这么安静真奇怪! 2.注意Lian接代词whoever,whatever,whicheverDeng引导主语从句的含义。 Whoever comes will be welcome.(whoever=the person who)Lai的人将受到 欢迎。 Whatever he did was right.(whatever=the thing that)Ta所做的事情是正确的。 Whichever of you comes in will receive a prize.(whichever=anyone of you who)Ni们当中不论哪个进来将会得到奖 3)宾Yu从句 1.定义:用作宾语的从句Jiao宾语从句。 2.构成:关联词+简单句。 3.Yin导宾语从句的关联词有三类: (1)从Shu连词that.如: He told us that he felt ill.Ta对我们说他感到不舒服。 I know he has returned.Wo知道他已经回来了。 注:that在引导Bin语从句时也并不是任何情况下都可以省略。Zai以下情况下,that 不能省Lue。 1.Everybody could see what happened and that Tom was frightened.(and Lian接两个宾语从句,that宾语从句放在andDe后面时,that不能省略。) 大Jia都会看出所发生的事情并知道Tom非常Hai怕。 2.I know nothing about him except that he is from the south.(thatYin导的 宾语从句作介词宾语时,thatBu能省略。) 对他我一无所知,只Zhi道他是南方人。 3.That he ever said such a thing I simply don’t believe.(thatCong句位于句首 时,that不可省略。) Wo简直不相信他曾说过这样的话。 4.We decided,in view of his special circumstances,that we would admit him for a probationary period.(Zhu句谓语动词与that从句之间有插入语,thatBu可省略。) 鉴于他的特殊情况,我们Jue定应允他一段试用期。 (2)从Shu连词if/whether.如: I doubt whether he will succeed.Wo怀疑他是否会成功。 I don’t know if you can help me.Wo不知道你能否帮助我。 (3)连接代Ciwho,whom,whose,what,which,whoever,whatever,whichever Lian接副词where,when,how,why. Ru: Who or what he was,Martin never learned. Ta是什么人?他是干什么的?马丁根本不知道。 I wonder what he’s writing to me about.Wo不知道他要给我写信说什么事。 I’ll tell you why I asked you to come.Wo会告诉你我为什么要你来。 You may do what you will.Ni可做任何你想做的事。 (1)介词宾Yu从句 宾语从句也可用作介词的宾语。如: He was deeply displeased by what had occurred that day. Ta对那天发生的事感到很不快。 I walked over to where she sat.Wo走向她坐的地方。 I am curious as to what he will say.Wo很想知道他要说什么。 Your success will largely depend upon what you do and how you do it. Ni是否成功将主要取决于你做什么和怎样做。 You时介词可以省略。如: I don’t care (for)who marries him.Wo不管谁跟他结婚。 Be careful (as to)how you do that.Ni要注意做这件事的方式。 解释: 1.Ru果宾语从句后还有宾语补足语,则用it作形Shi宾语,而将宾语从句后置。如: We thought it strange that Xiao Wang did not come yesterday. Wo们认为小王昨天没来是奇怪的。 He has made it clear that he will not give in. Ta已表明他不会屈服。 2.作介Ci的宾语:连词that引导的名词性从句很少作介Ci的宾语,只用在except, but,inHou。其他一些介词的宾语从句如果由连词thatYin导,则需用it先行一步,作形式 宾Yu。如: He is a good student except that he is careless. Ta是一个好学生,只是有点粗心。 You may rely on it that I shall help you.Ni可以指望我会帮助你的。 介词宾语不可以Yongwhich来引导,而要用what来引导。如: Are you sorry for what you’ve done? Ni为你所做的一切感到内疚吗? 3.Mou些形容词或过去分词后常接宾语从句,这类Xing容词或过去分词有sure,glad, certain,pleased,happy,afraid,surprised,satisfiedDeng,连词that可省略。如: I am not sure what I ought to do. Wo不能确定我该做什么。 I’m afraid you don’t understand what I said. Kong怕你没领会我说的意思。 I’m surprised that I didn’t see all that before. Wo好奇怪,我以前没看到过。 Mother was very pleased her daughter had passed the exams. Ma妈为她的女儿通过了考试而感到高兴。 4.Lian词whether (…or not)或ifYin导的宾语从句 if和whetherYin导的宾语从句可以互换使用,但whetherChang和or not连用,if一般 不与or notLian用。如: I wonder whether it is true or not.Wo不知它是真是假。 用if引导宾语从句如Guo会引起歧义,应避免使用if而用wheter.Shi比较: Please let me know if you want to go. Please let me know whether you want to go. ifCong句可理解为宾语从句,意为“请告诉我你Shi否想去”;此句又可理解为条件状语从Ju 意为“如果你想去的话,请告诉我一Sheng”。 5.宾语从句的否定转移。Zaithink,believe,suppose,expectDeng动词后的宾语从句, 有时谓语尽管是否定Yi思,却不用否定形式,而将think等Dong词变为否定形式。如: I don’t think you are right.Wo认为你错了。 I don’t believe they have finished their work yet.Wo相信他们还未完成他们的工 作。 I don’t suppose he cares,does he?Wo想他不在意,是吗? 6.宾语从句的时Tai变化规律: (1)当主句是一般Xian在时态时,从句可根据需要用任何时态。 (2)Dang主句是一般过去时态时,从句只能使用过去范Wei内的任何时态。但客观真理除 外。如: The teacher said that the earth goes round the sun. Lao师说地球绕着太阳运行。 4)Tong位语从句 1.定义:用作同位语的从Ju叫做同位语从句。 2.用法:同位语从句De先行词多为fact,news,idea,thought,question,reply, report,remarkDeng,关联词多用从属连词that.如: They were all very much worried over the fact that you were sick. Dui你生病这件事,他们都很焦虑。 Where did you get the idea that I could not come? Ni在哪儿听说我不能来? Early in the day came the news that Germany had declared war on Russia. De国已对俄国宣战的消息一大早就传来了。 Zhu:同位语从句偶尔由从属连词whetherYin导。如: I have no idea whether he’ll come or not.Wo不知道他是否来。 连接代词who,which,whatHe连接副词where,when,why,howYi可引导同 位语从句。 The question who should do the work requires consideration. Shui该干这项工作,这个问题需要考虑。 We haven’t yet settled the question where we are going to spend our summer vacation. Dao哪儿去度暑假,这个问题我们还没有决定。 It is a question how he did it. Na是一个他如何做了此事的问题。 解Shi: 1.that引导的同位语从句与定语Cong句之区别 that引导的同位语从句 thatYin导的定语从句 句法功能上 thatZhi起连接从句的作用,无意义。在从句中不Chong当句子成分。不可省。 thatTi代先行词在从句中不仅起连接作用,还充当一个Ju子成分。如在从句中作动词 的宾语时Ke省略。 意义上 从句是被修饰Ming词的内容。 从句起限定作用,是Ding语 如:The news that Mr.Li will be our new English teacher is true.(Tong位语从句, that不可省。) Li先生将是我们的新英语老师这个消息是真De。 The news (that)he told me yesterday is true.(Ding语从句,that在从句中作 toldDe宾语,可省。) 他昨天告诉我的消息是真De。 2.一些表示“建议、命令、要求”的Ming词后所跟的同位语从句中,谓语动词用Xu拟语气 should+动词原形Biao示。should可省。如: This is our only request that this (should)be settled as soon as possible. Zhe就是我们唯一的请求:尽快解决这个问题。 (6)Bu定式的构成 1.不定式的构成 Bu定式是由不定式符号to+动词原形构成,在Mou些情况下to也可省略。 不定式一Ban有时式和语态的变化,通常有下表中的几种形式(Yido为例): 主动式to do Bei动式to be done 完成式to have done /to have been done Jin行式to be doing 完成进行式to have been doing 1)Bu定式的一般式 不定式的一般式所Biao示的动作通常与主要谓语的动作同时或几乎同时发Sheng,或是在它之 后发生。如: They invited us to go there this summer.Ta们邀请我们今年夏天去那儿。 He stood aside for me to pass.Ta站到一边让我通过。 2)不定式的Wan成式 不定式的完成式所表示的动作在Wei语所表示的动作之后发生,它在句中可作表语、Zhuang语、 宾语,有时也可作主语、定语等。Ru: She seemed to have heard about this matter.Ta似乎已听说过这件事。 I meant to have told you about it,but I happened to have an important thing to do. Wo本来想告诉你这件事的,但我碰巧有一件Zhong要的事要做。 3)不定式的进行式 Bu定式的进行式表示正在进行的与谓语动词Tong时发生的动作。它在句中可以用作除谓Yu 以外的所有成分。如: It’s nice of you to be helping us these days.Ni真好,这些天一直帮我们。 He pretended to be listening to the teacher carefully.Ta假装在认真地听老师讲 课。 4)Bu定式的完成进行式 如果不定式Biao示的动作是谓语所表示时间之前一直进Xing的动作,就需要用完成进行式。 Ru: They are said to have been working in Tibet for 20 years.Ju说他们已经在西藏 工作20年Liao。 We are happy to have been helping each other these days.Wo们很高兴这些天 能互相帮助。 5)Dong词不定式的否定形式是由not或neverJia不定式构成。如: Try not to be late again next time.Jin量下次不要再迟到。 He wished us never to meet her again.Ta希望我们永远不要再见到她。 6)疑问词+Dong词不定式: 不定式和疑问词whether,what,which,whom,where,when,how,whyDeng连用可以在句中起名词的作用,通常跟在tell,know,show,decide,learn,wonder, explain,advise,teach,discuss,find outDeng动词后面作宾语,有时也可以充当主语、 Biao语等。如: On hearing the news,he didn’t know whether to laugh or to cry. Ting到这个消息,他不知道该哭还是该笑。 When to hold the meeting has not decided.Shi么时候开会还没有决定。 介词后一般不Zhi接接不定式,但可以接疑问词+不定式短Yu作宾语。如: Mary gave some advice on how to learn English.Ma丽提了一些如何学习英语的 建议。 I have no idea of how to do it.Wo不知道该怎么做。