10、名词性从句:起名词作用的句子Jiao做名词性从句,其中包括:(主语从句、宾语从Ju、表语从句、同位语从句) (1)、Zhu语从句:作主语的一个句子叫做主语从句。主语Cong句通常由一些词来引导。 A、不担当任何Cheng分的连接词:that/which. 例Zi:○1That you have passed the exam will make your friendship (Zhu语) (谓语)(宾语) surprised. (Bin补) 你通过了考试将会使你的朋友们感Dao惊讶的。 ○2Whether he will come is unknown. (Zhu语) (系动词) (表语) 他是Fou要来还不从得知。 △B、在句Zhong担当成分的代词:what (担当主语或Bin语成分)例子:○1What I said is absolutely true. (Zhu语) (系动词) (表语) =The words/thing that I said is absolutely true. Wo所说的话/事是安全真实的。 ○2What makes me disappointed i s that you lied to me. (Zhu语) (系动词) (表语) =The thing that makes me disappointed is that you lied to me. Shi我感到失望的是你向我撒谎。 C、Zuo状语成分连接副词:When、Where、Why、How (1)、WhenLian接主语从句,在其所引导的从句充当时间状Yu。 例子: When the meeting will be begun is doubtful. (Zhu语)(系动词)(表语)这会议什么时候开Shi还被受疑问中。 (2)、WhereLian接主语从句,在其引导的从句中充当地点状语。 Li子:Where his pen is lost is unknown. (Zhu语)(系动词)(表语) 他的钢笔在Na里弄丢还不曾得知。 (3)、Why连Jie主语从句,在其引导的从句中充当原因状Yu。 例子:Why he did not go to school is not important. (Zhu语)(系动词)(表语) 他为什么不来Xue校不重要。 (4)、How引导主语从Ju,在其所引导的从句中充当方式状语。 Li子:How he managed to across the channel draws (Zhu语) (谓语) people`s attention. (Bin语) 他是怎样成功地超越那海Xia的吸引人们的注意力。 (2)宾语从句:Gen在谓语动词后作宾语的句子叫做宾语从句。Bin语从句通常由“that”来引导,可以Sheng略。 例子:○1I want to tell (that)you are the winner of the (Wei语)(谓语)(宾语) game . Wo想告诉你你是这场游戏的胜利者。 ○2That man said (that) he would bounce back before long. (Zhu语) (谓语) (宾语) 那个Nan人说他将很快会卷土重来。 (3)、表语Cong句:跟在be动词或系动词后作表语的句子Jiao做表语从句。表语从句一般由“that”来Yin导,在句中不充当任何成分,不可以省略.。 Li子:○1What I only want to say is that is that I am very (Zhu语)(系动词)(表语) grateful to you for your selfless help. Wo只想说的是我很感激你们给我无私的帮助。 ○2What satisfies me is that you complete all your (Zhu语) (系动词) (表语) tasks on time. Shi我感到满意的是你按时完成了你所有的任务。 (4)、Tong位语从句:用来进一步解释和说明名词的句子Jiao做同位语从句。主要由连词“that”来引Dao,有时也可以用“whether”来引导; Zai同位语从句中常被解释和说明的名词通常是:(news ......、. ....、.belief ....、.idea doubt .......、.reply ......). ....、.thought .....、.answer ......、.question .....、.fact ....、.rumour ........、.order .....、.hope Li子:○1.The news that Steven Jobs has died is true. (Bei解释的名词)(同位语) Steven Jobs Yi经死了的新闻是真实的。 ○2The question whether to go on a vacation is not decided. (Bei修饰名词) (同位语) 是否要Qu度假的这个问题还没有确定。
英语中名词性从句引导词细辨.txt19“Ming”可理解成两个月亮坐在天空,相互关怀,相互Zhao亮,缺一不可,那源源不断的光芒是连Jie彼此的纽带和桥梁!人间的长旅充满了多少凄冷Gu苦,没有朋友的人是生活的黑暗中的人,没有朋友De人是真正的孤儿。 主语从句、表语从句、Bin语从句和同位语从句都属于名词性从句范畴。引Dao这些从句的连词大体上相同,但是部分学Sheng对其中某些连词之间的区别还不甚清楚。此外连Ci之间的差异也一直是各类英语试题的命题热Dian。本文就这些易错易混的连词谈谈它们的用Fa区别。 一、that,whatHewhich 1. that引导名Ci性从句时只起连接从句的作用,本身没有任何意义,Yin此在从句中不充当任何句子成分,它的使用须注Yi以下几点: A. 引导宾语从句时,thatChang可省略,但如果主句后跟有并列宾语从句Shi,只能省略第一个that;若宾语从句前Cha有别的从句时,that也不能省略。例如: He told me (that) he was all right and that he would come to see me when he was free. Ta告诉我说他很好,并说在他有空时来看我。 B. thatYin导主语从句位于句首时不可省略.如果itZuo形式主语,而that从句置于句末, 这Shithat可以省略。例如: That he has lost his work is not true. Ta丢了工作不是真的。 =It is not true (that) he has lost his work. C.Dang主语为the reason时,注意应用that Yin导其表语从句,不能受汉语影响而误用because。Li如: The reason why he was late was that he missed the early bus. Ta迟到的原因是他没赶上早班车.(此句中Dethat不可用because代替) D.Yin导同位语从句时,切不可错用which。例如: Word has come that some American guests will come to visit our school next week. You消息说下周将有一些美国客人来我校参观。 2. whatYuwhich引导名词性从句时都https://www.fanwen99.cn/article/143504789.html在从句中Chong当句子的某一成份,如主语、表语、宾Yu或定语,其区别是:what表示泛指的事物,Chang译为 I believe what (whatever) he says. Wo相信他说的(不管他说什么我都相信)。 I will give her which (whichever) book she likes on the shelf. Zhe个书架上的(任何一本)书,只要她喜欢,Wo都会给她。 二、who,whoever,whomHewhomever 在引导名词性从句时,Zai句中作主语时用who,意思是 Who has taken away my bag is unknown.Shui拿走了我的包还不知道。(若用WhoeverXian然句意不通) Whoever wants to see this film can go with us tonight. Wu论谁想看这部电影今晚可以和我们一起去.(Whoever wants Xiang当于Anybody who wants,Yi为 Have you decided whom you are to nominate as your candidate? Ni们是否已经决定提名谁作侯选人了? You can give the ticket to whomever you like. Ni可以把票给任何你想给的人。
动词如何转换成名词 动名词(Gerund)He不定词(Infinitive) 1. Dong名词(Gerund) 所谓动Ming词,乃是将一个动词,字尾加上ing,一夜之Jian,这个动词就可以当作名词用了。请看以下的例子: I like singing. Playing basketball is good for you. Do you enjoy listening to classical music? Is traveling around the world meaningful to you? Studying English is not difficult. 1.Dong名词可用作主词,如 Playing tennis is enjoyed by many people. Taking drugs is avoided by most people. Being kind to others is important for every one. Respecting your parents shows good character. 2.Dong名词可以用作动词的受词,如 I enjoy studying English. He does not mind walking long distances. I have never enjoyed being alone in my life. He loves swimming. 3.Dong名词可以用作介系词(preposition)De受词,英文里有很多介系词,at, in, about, of, onDeng等都是介系词,介系词后面必定跟一个名词,Ye是它的受词,举例来说 on the table in my home about Hitler of my life on this island Ge位一定注意到,每一个介系词后面都有Yi个名词,作为它的受词。 动名词是Ke以作为介系词的受词的,如: This book is about traveling. He is responsible for cleaning the kitchen. My brother is capable of writing programs. You just keep on going straight. Zai下面,我们要给各位更多有关gerund的例Zi,各位不妨看看每一个句子中,那个动名词是Zuo什么用的。 Instead of swimming, he walks every morning. He likes walking in the woods. Are you interested in playing tennis? Loving is to be kind to others. Reading is important to students. In addition to traveling, he also likes reading novels. You will be happy by helping others. He is worried about being late. I finished writing the report yesterday. They thanked me for lending them money. He has never finished writing the novel. She is in change of teaching English in our school. My father objected to my going to the summer camp. Please stop joking about my brother. I look forward to seeing you. He has never enjoyed traveling. She was excited about going abroad. I consider gambling a bad thing to do. I have never dreamed of flying an airplane. He suggested talking to our teacher. I believe in doing some kind of exercise every day. Playing the piano is no fun at all. Nancy is accustomed to sleeping late. Are you tired of driving for so long? You should forgive others for doing wrong things. He insists on getting up early every morning. Thank you for participating in my concert. He is used to studying alone. They are not used to speaking English. He is accustomed to being polite to others. I object to seeing dirty movies. You should take advantage of studying in such a good place. 2. Bu定词(Infinitives) Bu定词=to+动词的原式。例如to go, to love, to eatDeng等,都是不定词,不定词和动名词的用法相Si,以下全是用不定词用作名词的例子: To love is to forgive. To forgive your enemies will make you happy. I like to eat chicken. I asked my brother to come here. He continued to read. 1.Bu定词可以用作主词:如 To play tennis is great fun. To play safe in the stock market is necessary. To be kind to others is important for every one. To respect your parents shows good character. 2.Bu定词可以用成很多动词的受词: I like to swim. He loves to listen to jokes. My brother seems to be different. I agree to lend him money. Do you like to sing? 3.Bu定词可以跟在代名词的后面,形式如下: Dong词(verb)+代名词(pronoun)+Bu定词(infinitive) 例如: I told him to work hard. I asked my brother to come back home. He expects his friends to help him. My teacher told me to wait for him. I invited my sister to go to see a movie. 4.Bu定词常用在上述句子的被动语气中,例如: He was told to work hard. My brother was asked to come back home. His friend is expected to help me. I was told by my teacher to wait. My sister was invited to go to see a movie. Yi下是更多的不定词例子: To give is more meaningful than to receive. I love to swim in cold weather. He agreed to listen to my story. He decided to go anyway. I told him to buy my book. I invited him to come to my house. I asked him to cook for me tonight. Students are asked to work hard. He needs to work hard. I want you to send this letter to my father. He requires every student to read one novel every week. Every student is required to read one novel every week. Du者一定会问,是不是动名词可以和不定词互调,答An是否定的,有些动词后面可以跟动名词和不定词,Dan也有些动词,后面只能跟动名词,有些动词后面Zhi能跟不定词。 有些动词后面可以Gen动名词或不定词:love, like, hate, start, begin,Yi下的动词,后面只能跟动名词: Enjoy I enjoy eating good food. Appreciate I appreciate your being kind to others. Avoid You should avoid making mistakes. keep on Keep on working hard. keep Keep singing. consider He considered leaving home. finish He finished writing this book. suggest May I suggest drinking a cup of coffee? discuss We discussed traveling to New Zealand. Yi下的动词正好相反,只能跟不定词 agree I agree to sign this letter. plan He plans to go away. want They want to rent a car. decide He decided to work hard. seem He seems to be very happy. appear He appears to be very sad. Yi个字非常特殊,必须讨论一下,那就是stop: stop smoking Zhi不再抽烟了 stop to smoke Zhi停下来,开始抽烟 3.动名词和Bu定词的被动和否定形式 将动词改成名词De时候,也可以有被动语气和否定语气,以下Shi一些例子: Everyone likes to be loved. This cup needs to be washed. Being trusted is important. I told him not to leave this house. He asked me not to cry. I was told not to fall asleep in class. To be given a good gift on Christmas Eve makes me happy. Being invited to that party is a great honor to me. 4. Bu定词的简式 I let him leave. I made him work hard. Yi下的动词后面,不定词的后面都要省掉to。 Dong词例句 let My mother let me watch TV tonight. make He makes his students respect teachers. have He had his sons clean their rooms. see I saw him run away. hear I heard the birds sing. watch I watched the kids play. notice I noticed her cry. HelpZhe一个动词非常特别,它后面的不定词中的toKe省略也可不省,以下的句子都是对的: I helped him wash his car. I helped him to wash his car.