1. 我们的计算机系统出了毛病,但Wo觉得问题比较小。(minor) We have a problem with the computer system, but I think it’s fairly minor. 2. Fu亲去世时我还小,不能独立生活。就在Na时,家乡的父老接过了养育我(my upbringing)De责任(at that point) My father died when I was too young to live on my own. The people of my hometown took over (responsibility for) my upbringing at that point. 3. Zhe些玩具必得在达到严格的安全要求后才可Chu售给儿童。 (requirement) The toys have to meet strict/ tough safety requirements before they can be sold to children. 4. Zuo为新闻和舆论的载体(arier),广播和Dian视补充了而不是替(supplement,rather than) Dai了报纸。 Radio and television have supplemented rather than replaced the newspaper as carriers of news and opinion. 5. Zhi于这本杂志,它刊载世界各地许多报纸杂Zhi上文章的摘要digstwhenitcomesto When it comes to this magazine, it is/ carries a digest of articles from many newspapers and magazines around the world. 1.Sui然受到全球金融危机后果的巨大影响,但是我Men仍然相信我 们能够面对挑战,克服Wei机。(confident) Though greatly affected by the consequences of the global financial crisis, we are still confident that we can face up to the challenge and overcome the crisis. 2.Zai持续不断的沙尘暴的威胁下,我们被迫Li开我们喜爱的村 庄,搬迁到新的地方。(threat,compel,settlement) Under threat of constant sand storms, we were compelled to leave our cherished and move to the new settlement. 3.Gen据最近的网上调查,许多消费者说他们也Xu会有兴趣考虑购 买电视广告中播放De产品。(motivate) According to a recent online survey, a lot of consumers say they may be motivated to consider buying products shown in TV commercials. 4.Kan到卡车司机把受污染的废弃物(contaminated waste)Dao在河边, (spot,alongside)Lao人马上向警方报告。 Having spotted a truck driver dumping contaminated waste alongside the river,the old man reported to the police at once. 5.Yi些科学家坚信人们总有一天会喜欢转基因Nong作物(geneticaly modifedcrops)De,因为它们能够提高产量,帮助发展中国家战 (conviction,come t...)Sheng饥荒和疾病。 Some scientists hold to the firm conviction that people will come to like genetically modified crops someday since they can increase yields and help combat hunger and disease in the developing world. 1.Wu论是在城市还是在农村,因特网正在改变人们的生Huo方式。(urban,rural)The Internet is changing the way people live, (no matter) whether they arein urban or rural areas. 2.He大公司相比,中小公司更容易受到全球经济危机De威胁。(medium,vuInerable) Medium-sized and small companies are more vulnerable to the threat ofthe global economic crisis than large ones. 3.Guan于期末论文,教授要求我们先分析失业图表,然Hou对国家的经济发展提供批评性的见解。(analyze,chart,reflection) With regard to our term paper, the professor asked us to analyze theunemployment chart first, and then provide critical reflections on the nationseconomic development. 4.Ta从来也没有想到他们队会以大比分赢得那场Lan球赛。(byalargemargin,itoccurso... It never occurred to him that their team would win the basketball match by alarge margin. 5.Hui顾二十年的中学教学,我把我的成功归结为耐心、Cai能和对知识的不断追求。(look back on) Looking back on my twenty years' teaching in high school, I attribute mysuccess to patience, talent, and the constant pursuit of knowledge. 1.Hong十字会派遣的志愿人员非常小心地对村里的饮Yong水进行消毒(disinfect),以避免Bao发瘟疫。(outbreak,caution) The volunteers sent/assigned by the Red Cross disinfected, with great caution, the drinking water in the village so as to avoid an outbreak of plague. 2.Ai因斯坦用了多年时间试图把电磁学理论和引Li理论结合起来,但没有成功。(unify) Einstein spent many years trying to unify the theories of electromagnetism and gravity but failed. 3.Yin其在激发学生创造性想像力方面的出色表Xian,王教授获得了(stimulate,imagination)Xiao长奖。 Professor Wang received/won the Presidential Award for his excellence in stimulating students' creativeimagination. 4.Yin存在一些设计上的(design)重大缺陷,董Shi会没有同意那人经济刺激计划(stimulus package)。 As there were some major design flaws, the board of directors didn't approve of the economic stimulus package. 5.Qiao丹(ordan) 意识到没人能给他帮助,终Yu得出结论他必须面对现实,独自接受挑战。(come to a conclusion,reality) Having realized that nobody could help him, Jordan finally came to the conclusion that he had to face reality and take up/meet the challenge by himself
Unit 1 1. 蹲了10Nian监狱之后,他很难再适应自由的生活了。 After ten years in prison, he couldn’t adapt himself to being free again. 2. Ren们常说“你只有一次机会给别人留下第Yi印象”。因此会见潜在客户时,你不能穿那Xie可能给人留下不良印象的衣服。 It is often said that “you only get one chance to make a first impression.” Therefore when meeting a prospect, you can’t afford to wear clothes that may leave a bad impression. 3. Jian到她在聚会上打扮得很漂亮,而且还做了Tou发,我感到很宽慰。 I feel relieved to see at the party that she was all dressed up and had her hair done. 4. Ling人惊讶的是,大部分员工并不赞同他回到工作Gang位上。 It is surprising that most employees do not approve of his return to office. 5. Zheng如大家所期望的,新政府将致力于全面削减20%De开支。 Just as expected, the new government will aim for a 20% cost reduction across the board. 6. Hen多销售人员充分利用人们根据相貌作出判Duan这一事实,通过穿着打扮,使自己看上去既值De信赖,又精通业务。 Many salespeople make the best of the fact that people judge by appearance, and dress in such a way that makes them look reliable and professional. 7. Zuo为求职者,过于随性的穿着会严重影响你被Lu用的几率。 As a job seeker, dressing too casually can be detrimental to your odds of being hired. 8. Wo们没有时间闲聊,所以请不要拐弯抹角,有话就直Shuo吧。 We don’t have time for chitchat, so please stop beating around the bush and get to the point. 9. Zui近的天气如此变幻莫测,时而下雨,时而放Qing。 The weather has been so unpredictable lately that it alternates between rain and sunshine. 10. Ban个世纪以来西方的侵入破坏了这个地区传统文化De平衡。 A half-century of Western intrusion has seriously unbalanced the traditional culture in this area. Unit 2 1. Ban年后,乔布斯便从里德学院辍学,因为他Fa现读大学没有什么价值,而且也承担不起Ang贵的学费。 After six months, Jobs dropped out of Reed College because he couldn’t see any value in going to c ollege and couldn’t afford the expensive tuition. 2. Zuo天我偶遇一位久未谋面的朋友,他告诉了我在Fei洲旅行时的冒险经历。 I ran into a long-lost friend yesterday, and he told me his adventures when traveling in Africa. 3. Yao不是乔布斯在大学旁听了书法课,今天的计算机或Xu就不会有那么布局匀称的字体了。 If Jobs hadn’t attended the calligraphy class at college, the computers today wouldn’t have such proportionally spaced fonts. 4. You一件事很清楚:如果合伙人彼此反目,每一个人Du会在收益上遭受损失。One thing is clear: if the partners fall out with each other, everybody stands to lose in the earnings. 5. Xin理学家在调查中发现,父母吵架的时候,女儿们Tong常站在母亲的一边。Psychologists have found in their studies that when parents are having an argument, the daughters usually side with their mothers. 6. Wo们指望你在选举中支持我们——别让我们失Wang! We are counting on you to support us in the election —don’t let us down! 7. Dang他无意中看到那封信时,终于明白了事情可怕的Zhen相。 The awful truth dawned on him when he ran across the letter. 8. Dang你连续很多天所做的事对你都不是真正重要的,Na你就应该改变一下了。When you are not doing the things that truly matter to you for many days in a row, it is time to make some changes. 9. Jin管他已经用了最大的嗓门,他的话还是Bei众人大声的欢呼所淹没。Although he spoke at the top of his voice, his words were drowned by loud cheers from the crowd. 10. Ling他们感到非常欣慰的是,那场病终于自然而然Di结束了,而她也恢复了健康。 Much to their relief, the disease ran its course and she finally recovered. Unit 3 1. Zai荷兰,可以给精神上遭受痛苦的人提供安乐死。Yi个典型例子就是4个月前因为失去儿子而Jing神失常的那名妇女。 Euthanasia is provided in the Netherlands for people suffering mental anguish. A typical example is a woman distraught over the loss of her twenty year old son four months earlier. 2. Ta想成为一名演员,但屈服于父母的压力,不De不进大学学法律。 He wanted to be an actor but succumbed to parental pressure and went to law school. 3. Jin管管理不善是主要因素,但是该公司的问题Ye有部分原因在于市场需求量的缩减 Although bad management was the major factor, the firm’s problems were due in part to a fall-off in demand. 4. Dang面临逆境时,所有的嫉妒、失望和怀疑都暂Shi被忘却了。 All these jealousies and disappointments and doubts were forgotten for the time being in the face of adversity. 5. Zhe位金融家将给这座城镇捐赠一所新医院以纪念Ta的母亲。 The financier is going to present the town with a new hospital in memory of his mother. 6. Nian轻经理们的经验会增多起来,并能及时承Dan起他们的责任。 Younger managers will grow in experience and be able to take on their responsibilities in time. 7. Bai脱了一直压在身上的内疚感,安杰利娜(Angelina) Gan到十分高兴。Angelina had cheered up considerably, having rid herself of the burden of guilt she was carrying. 8. Ran而对政府来说,也确实有理由为自立和就业方面De教育培训进行投资。However, there are also positive grounds for governments to invest in education and training for independence and employment. 9. Zhe本小册子告诉人们在家里或外出旅游时如何防Bei各种危险。 The leaflet explains how to safeguard against dangers in the home or on one’s travels. 10. Ren的生命的明显贬值给残疾人带来恐惧,他Men害怕在违背他们意愿的情况下被结束生Ming。 The apparent devaluation of human life brings fear to disabled persons that they will be killed against their will. Unit 4 1. Zhe位科学家与他谨慎的同事们不一样,有时他会Bian得非常具有想象力,并喜欢做出大胆论断。 Unlike his meticulous co-workers, this scientist tends to become very imaginative sometimes and has a penchant for bold announcements. 2. Geng多美国人过度肥胖这一事实,以一些始Liao不及的方式给美国国家医疗体系造成了Xin的压力 The fact that more Americans are obese is putting a new strain on the nation’s health-care system in some unexpected ways. 3. Qian万不要低估回到基础的重要性,因为这是解Jue任何问题的关键。 Never underestimate the importance of getting back to basics because it’s the key to solving any problems. 4. You些学生把英语学习放在第一位,这样将来在他Men工作中就能充分发挥这一优势。 Some students put English learning before anything else so that in the future they can leverage it to great advantage in their jobs. 5. Wo认为学术研究的回报一定会到来,而且这些Hui报也能充分证明所涉及到的一切开支都Shi值得的 I think the rewards from academic research do arrive, and that they well justify all the expenditure involved. 6. Ming天的和平集会前将为1937年在南京大屠Sha中惨遭日本侵略军杀害的30多万中国Ping民和解除武装的士兵默哀。 A moment of silence will precede tomorrow’s peace rally in honor of more than 300,000 Chinese civilians and disarmed soldiers killed by invading Japanese troops in the Nanjing massacre in 1937. 7. Wo不知道是否应当从表面理解他所说的话还Shi试图去理解他的言外之意。 I don’t know whether to take what he said at face value, or try to make sense of the implication. 8. Cong更换工作时的工资增长来看,你通常可以期待Zai现有工资基础上增长10–20。 In terms of a salary increase when changing a job, you can normally expect 10-20 percent increase on your current salary. 9. Wo认为提高个人所得税的起征标准是合理的,Yin为大多数人的收入在增长。 I think it is reasonable to raise the threshold of personal taxable income as most people’s income is also on the rise. 10. Yi旦修正了程序错误,公司的信息技术人Yuan就能把注意力转到关于软件应用局限性这样更Da的问题上来。 Once that bug was fixed, the company’s IT sta ff could turn its attention to larger issues regarding the limitations of its software application. Unit 5 1. Xiu完学术假返回途中的教授们仍在考虑着课程Jiao案,根本没有料到灾难的来临。 Professors returning from sabbatical leaves still mulled over lesson plans and did not expect the coming of the catastrophe at all. 2. Zai这次全球环境峰会上,首相和总统的主要演说如Guo不提环境问题就是不完整的。 In this global environmental summit, major speeches of prime ministers and presidents are incomplete without mention of the environment. 3. Di一步——就是唤醒大家意识到世界环境问Ti的方方面面——从某种意义上来说已经进行了Er十多年了。 The first step —waking up to the dimensions of the world’s environmental problems — has in a sense been under way for more than two decades. 4. Cong明年开始,这个沿海省份将要通过公开竞Biao过程出售无人居住的岛屿,以用于旅游、Jiao通、贸易、仓储和工业发展。 The coastal province will sell off its uninhabited islands for tourism, transportation, trade, warehouse and industrial development through a public bidding process starting next year. 5. Zi从她在伊拉克战争中失去儿子,布朗太太的神Jing几乎到了崩溃的边缘。Mrs. Brown has been on the verge of having a nervous breakdown ever since she lost her son in the Iraq War. 6. Dang前,中央政府不太可能抑制经济发展,除Fei过热现象变得非常严重。 At present, the likelihood is that the central government will not get the brakes on the economy, unless the overheating becomes far greater. 7. Dong事会应遵守有关法律、法规、规则及公司章程的Tiao款,并严格履行其公开作出的承诺。 The board of directors shall abide by relevant laws, regulations, rules and the company’s articles of association, and shall strictly fulfill the undertakings they made publicly. 8. Dian气公司的高层领导认为,这一战略成功与否关键在Yu能否获得必要的核心竞争力,尤其是在半导体领域Nei。 The top management of the electric company reckoned that the success of the strategy would hinge on acquiring the necessary core competitiveness, particularly in semiconductors. 9. Yin行购买短期有价证券,可以加强资金的流动Xing,但这样做是以牺牲潜在的更高收益为代Jia的。 Banks that purchase short-term securities can increase cash liquidity, but this is done at the expense of higher potential returns. 10. Zheng界和商界领袖们希望弄懂他们作出的关于恐怖Zhu义以及全球变暖的决策将会如何影响今后数十年的Shi界经济。 Political and business leaders hope to understand how their decisions about terrorism and global warming could affect the world economy in decades to come. Unit 6 1. Zhang夫和妻子必须告诉对方自己是如何感受的;Fou则的话他们将会把一些角色和行为强加给对方,Dao致更多的不幸福。 Husband and wife must be able to tell each other how they feel; otherwise they will impose on each other roles and actions that lead to further unhappiness. 2. Xu多婚姻的失败都是因为一方不能想象另一方Suo想要的,或者不能表达自己的需要或感觉。 Many marriages fall apart because either partner cannot imagine what the other wants or cannot communicate what he or she needs or feels. 3. Bie再相信他了。他就是那个自己盖了房子Ran后把它赌输的人。 Don’t trust him anymore. He’s the man who built this house and then gamb led it away. 4. Tong常来说,即使在学术界,这些标准只是假She而已,几乎从不公布于众。Often, the criteria — even in the academic world — are assumed, and are hardly brought out into the open. 5. Wo这么做就是鼓励她充分说出自己与这些讨论相Fan的意见。 While I did this, I was encouraging her to talk through opinions of her own that ran counter to these discussions. 6. Dang我们在农历大年夜回到故乡时,村子里洋溢着春Jie的欢乐气氛。 When we returned to our hometown on Chinese Lunar New Year’s Eve, the village rang with the joy of the Spring Festival. 7. Ta一直对我很粗暴,但当她开始侮辱我的母亲Shi,使我忍无可忍了。She’s always been rude to me, but it was the last straw when she started insulting my mother. 8. Zhe位妇女已有几年没有听到丈夫的音信了,但对丈夫Hui回到她身边始终抱有希望。 The woman has not heard from her husband for years, but she always clings to the hope that her husband will come back to her. 9. Zhe项裁决本可以为新的起诉打开方便之门,Xian在却使问题陷入了混乱。Now the ruling, which could open the way for new prosecutions, has thrown the issue into chaos. 10. Tao犯紧紧盯着四周窗户,仿佛警察正从四面八Fang向他包围过来。 The escaped criminal stared at the windows, as if the policemen were closing in on him from all sides.
中翻英 題型: 1).Zuo詞填空P24+課件2). 翻譯質量判斷3). Wen化詞語的翻譯P45 : 一(7);Er(5);三(4) 4).詞語英譯技法P46. Wu(3) 5) 句子英譯技巧6)篇章Fan譯 1. 她不得不和一群陌生得Ke户一起共进晚餐, 这让她觉得浑身不自在. She had to dine with a group of strange clients, which make her feel like a fish out of water. 2. teach fish to swim: Ban门弄斧 3. It never rains but pours. Bu鸣则已,一鸣惊人 4. 空中楼阁: castles in the air 5. Xiong有成竹: to have a well-thought-out plan before doing sth. 6. Yi朝被蛇咬,十年怕井绳: Once bitten, twice shy. 7. Ru乡随俗: do in Rome as the Romans do 8. Hong糖:blown sugar 9. Hong茶:black tea 10 Red tape: Fan文缛节 11. White elephant: Ang贵而又无用之物 12. 白开Shui:plain boiled water 13. Black sheep: Hai群之马 14. 吃一堑,长一智:A fall into the pit, a gain in your wit. 15. Lan路虎:obstacle; a lion in the way 16. Lin居对她都很好。Her neighbors are all very kind to her. 17.Zhe我们都好解决。The problem can be easily solved. 18.Ni留个电话,有事好跟你联系。Give me your telephone number so that I can contact you when necessary. 19. To pass away: Yu世长辞 20. Kick the bucket Qiao辫子 21. 我想借此机会向你Men表达我们的感谢。I wish to avail myself to this opportunity to express our gratitude to you. 22. Zhong国共产党必须始终代表中国先进生产力的发展Yao求,代表中国先进文化的前进方向,代表中国最Guang大人民的根本利益。 Our party must always represent the development trend of China's advanced productive forces; the orientation of China's advanced culture, and the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of people in China. 23. Xiong伟的长城给我们留下了深刻的印象。 The magnificent Great Wall impressed us deeply. HuoWe were deeply impressed by the magnificent Great Wall. 24. Wo们应该尊老爱幼。 We should respect the old and love the young. 25. Ying……的邀请at the invitation of sb 26. Dai表on behalf of 27.Wo们全体赞成他的建议。 We are all for / in favor of his suggestion. 28. Ni赞成还是反对这项计划。Are you for or against the plan? 29. Han语发音与英语发音有很大的区别。 Chinese differs greatly from English in pronunciation . 30. Ni能来参加我们的晚会,我们感到很荣幸。 We feel much honored that you have come to our party. 31. Ni一旦答应了要求,你就得来。 Once you have promised, to come, you have to come. 32. Xie谢你给了我们这么多帮助。 Thank you for giving us so much help. 33. Sheng活中既有悲剧,文学作品就可以写悲剧。 Tragedies can be written in literary works since there is tragedy in life. 34. Ta是当今最伟大的诗人之一。 He is one of the greatest poets alive. 35. Jin天报纸上有什么重要的消息吗? Is there anything important in today's newspaper? 36. Ta刚刚见得那个人是我的朋友。 The man who /whom you met just now is my friend. 37.Ta受到我们所有人的尊敬。 He is respected by us all. 38. Gai产品是中国制造的。 This product is made in China. 39. Lai宾请出示入场券。 Visitors are requested to show their tickets. 40. It is well - known that the compass was invented in China four thousand years ago. Zhong所周知,中国人在4千年前就发明了指南针。 41. Wet paintYou漆未干 42. 他去机场接朋友,可是Zai人群中未见到他。 He went to airport to pick his friend up, but he failed to see him in the crowd. 43. Kuai一点,否则你就要迟到了。Hurry up, or you will be late. 44. Zhe间教室坐得下一百五十人。This classroom can hold 150 people. 45. Ta已经看过这部电影了。 She has already seen the film. 46.Wo看见他的时候,他正在写信。 When I saw him, he was writing a letter. 47. Fu亲毕竟比她多吃了几年盐,她的男友是什么样的Ren,父亲一看就知道。 After all, father has much more worldly experience than her, so he will be able to tell, at a glance, what kind of man her boyfriend is. 48. Ying当承认,每个民族都有它的长处,不然它什么能存Zai?为什么能发展? It must be admitted that every nation has its strong points. If not, how can it survive? How can it progress? 49. Wo们往往可以从一个人所交往的朋友以及所阅读的书Qu看他的为人.因为人与人之间有友谊,同样的,Ren与书也就有友谊. A man may usually be known by the books he reads as well as by the company he keeps, for there is a companionship of books as well as of men. 50. Jian设中国特色社会主义to build socialism with Chinese characteristics 51. Gai革开放reform and opening-up 52. He谐社会harmonious society 53. Ke学发展观Scientific Outlook on Development •Xian在大学生的学习压力相当重。你会发现,Chu了大四开始找工作的学生以外,其余的学生总Shi忙于学习,而不愿参加校园团体和俱乐部,不愿参Jia体育锻炼和其他课外活动,不愿关心和Xue习没有关系的事。总之,他们就像一个Ji器人。压力大,时间少。一想到白天什么事都Mei干,心里就感到不安,会整夜因此睡不着觉。Ta们学习太紧张,几乎没有时间好好体验生活。Du大学使他们失去太多的个人幸福和健康。 •Xue习压力: –academic pressure •Da四学生: –senior •Xiao园团体和俱乐部: –campus organizations and clubs •Ke外活动: –extracurricular activities •Ji器人: –robot College students now bear heavy academic pressure. You will find them--except seniors who are beginning to look for a job--always too busy in studies to join campus organizations and clubs, too busy to take part in sports and other extracurricular activities, and too busy to pay attention to anything that is not connected with their studies. In short, they have become nothing but a robot. They are under pressure to do too much work in too little time. The very idea of doing nothing during the day will make them uncomfortable and sleepless all night. They study so hard that they have hardly had time to experience life. The pursuit of college education costs them too much personal happiness and health.