Part 2 Phonetics, Vocabulary and Grammar
II . Choose the best answer (选择最恰当的答案 ) :(共 20分)
26. Little Tom hid himself under the bed. Which of the following is correct for the underlined word? A) /haid/ B) /ha:d/ C) /hid/ D) /hæd/
27. Which of the following underlined parts is different in pronunciation from others?
A) I still need a couple of days to fix it.
B) He has never been to a foreign country before.
C) Could you speak a bit louder, please?
D) Don’t touch that ancient painting.
28. I received ______ invitation to Alex and Kelly’s wedding party on the night of May 20th.
A) the B) / C) a D) an
29. There are too many ______ of fantastic hotels online. It’s really hard to decide.
A) news B) choices C) politics D) manners
30. You can tell from the posters and photos ______ the wall that Chen is a big fan of Jay Chou.
A) in B) between C) on D) above
31. As ______ first English teacher, Ms White has a great influence on the children.
A) they B) them C) their D) theirs
32. ______ wants to make friends with people who are rude to others.
A) Nobody B) Somebody C) Anybody D) Everybody
33. He rushed into the classroom when Mr. Simpson ______ about American history.
A) talked B) had talked C) would talk D) was talking
34. In the talent show, I performed well and Ann did even ______.
A) good B) well C) better D) best
35. We have decided to beep the secret just among us, ______ we will not tell it to anyone else.
A) but B) so C) for D) or
36. A: ______ don’t you attend my clubs after school?
B: Because I am slow at doing my homework. I need more time than you do.
A) Where B) How C) Why D) When
37. People in China all wonder when we ______ worry about the air we breathe.
A) can’t B) needn’t C) shouldn’t D) mustn’t
38. How about ______ to English radio programs every day if you want to improve your listening skill? A) listen B) to listen C) listened D) listening
39. All the passengers will stay at the airport for another day if the snow storm ______ tomorrow.
A) doesn’t stop B) didn’t stop C) won’t stop D) hasn’t stopped
40. People never know how important health is ______ the lose it.
A) if B) until C) although D) after
41. A few days ago a policeman died on duty and many citizens ______ flowers to the place where lost his life voluntarily.
A) sent B) had sent C) sent D) were sending
42. Let’s sit down and have a good look at your design, ______?
A) can’t you B) will you C) shall we D) don’t we
43. The free Wi-Fi service in that restaurant enables the customers ______ the meal and fun of going online at the same time.
A) enjoy B) to enjoy C) enjoying D) enjoyed
44. A: How do you like the film Paddington Brown?
A) Yes, I like it. B) I think so. C) It’ s so funny! D) I don’ t feel very well. 45. A: Kevin didn’ t manage to get a ticket for the football game.
A) Me too. B) What a pity!
C) I am glad to hear that. D) That’ s sounds great!
III. Complete the following passage with the words or phrases in the box. Each can only be used once. (将下列单词或词组填入空格。每空限填一,
A murder will take place this weekend in the peaceful seaside town of Langley, Washington. In fact, a murder has been taking place there every February for the past 25 years. But don’ t worry! It’ s all part of the town’ s ___46___ Mystery Weekend.
The event began in 1984 and now attracts visitors from over the U.S. and even ___47___. Would-be detective arrive and check in at the visitor center on Saturday. There, they receive an envelope, containing a newspaper with ___48___ about the crime and information telling where to find clues (线索 ). Visitors who take part in the event then travel to various shops, restaurants and other ___49___ in the town, picking up clues as they go. Along the way, they meet and interview suspects played by local town people. Most Langley local people
take part in some way in the Mystery Weekend, a true community event.
Amateur (业余的 ) detective should turn in their ___50___ at 4:00 p.m. on Sunday. Then as everyone gathers, the murderer is found and arrested, and prizes are awarded for correct answers. It’ s the perfect ending for a murder mystery and huge fun for those who get to play detectives.
For visitors, Mystery Weekend is not only fun but also a great introduction to the beauty of Langley. It ’ s a very attractive community with historic buildings, exciting ocean views and ___51___, friendly people. Since Langley is on an island, a fun way to get there is by taking a ship to the nearby town of Clinton and then ___52___ the rest of the way. Langley has a delightful selection of inns (小旅馆 ) with bed and breakfasts that are ___53___ all year round. And activities in Langley aren’ t limited to Mystery Weekend. There is also great hiking, biking, golfing and diving to enjoy. And for a special adventure, visitors
can book on one of the whale– watching ships that leave nearby harbors each day.
IV. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms(
54. Recently many interesting children ’ s __________ have been on shown in the cinemas. (film) 55. That mother is very patient and always talks __________ to her children. (gentle)
56. These pills are supposed to take only __________ a day. More than that isn’ t helpful. (second)
57. Please help __________ to some fruits and drinks on the table, Annie. (you)
58. There is truth in an old saying that ___________ comes with age. (wise)
59. The roller coaster (过
60. I am sure she failed in the competition because of the __________ look on her face. (happy)
61. It is impossible to __________ that historical problem in such a short time. (solution) The teachers of No.1 Middle School ________ ________ a meeting at 3 o ’ clock Friday afternoon. 63. The cute Baymax from Big Hero 6 attracted people of different ages to this cartoon film. (保持句意基本不变 )
People of different ages ________ _________ by the cute Baymax from Big Hero 6 to this cartoon film.
64. Organic vegetables cost much more than non-organic vegetables. ()
Non-organic vegetables don’ t cost ________ _________ as organic vegetables.
65. He feels so proud to be elected chairman of the Students’ Union. (改为感叹句 ) ________ ________ he feels to be elected chairman of the Students’ Union
66. In some areas bamboos, instead of wood, are used to make furniture. (保持句意基本不 变 )
In some areas furniture is ________ ________ bamboos instead of wood.
67. Will Emma arrive in Shanghai in two day? He kept asking me. (合并两句为一句 )
He kept asking me ________ Emma ________ arrive in Shanghai in two days.
68. by himself, enough, find out, he, to, clever, isn’ t, the truth (连词成句 )
Part 3 Reading and Writing
VI. Reading Comprehension (阅读理解 ) :(共 50分 )
A. Choose the best answer (根
Every country in the world has a flag. A flag is a piece of cloth with a picture or pattern on it. The flag is a symbol that stands for the country. It is a custom in many places for people to fly or hang a flag. The flag tells something about the country and its culture. This may be about its land, its history, or the things that the people do there. Many flags have patterns of stripes (条纹 ). The flag of Italy has a green stripe,
a white stripe and a red stripe. Each stripe tells something about Italy. The white stripe is symbol of Italy’ s snowy mountains. Some flags show pictures. The flag of Canada has a picture of a red maple(枫叶 ) leaf, which is a symbol of the maple trees in Canada. The Mexican flag has both a pattern of stripes and a picture. The picture shows an eagle eating a snake. This picture comes from a very old Mexican story.
A flag may also tell about a country’ s past. The American flag is called the Stars and Stripes. It has pattern of fifty stars and thirteen stripes. The fifty stars are a symbol of the fifty states in the country, and the thirteen stripes are a symbol of the country’ s first thirteen colonies (殖民地 ).
However, a flag may be a symbol of a group, a school, or an event like the Olympics. The flag of the Olympics shows five rings of different colors that connect. Each ring is a symbol for a part of the world that joins in the Olympics. The Red Cross is group that helps people who are in trouble. If a person sees the Red Cross flag, which has a red cross against a white background, he knows he can ask for help. People may fly a flag as a custom on a holiday. Children’ s Day in Japan is a holiday when the country wishes for children’ s happiness. It is a custom on this day to fly a flag with a picture of a fish.
Flags are also used as a way to talk. A flag with patterns can be very helpful to people who do not speak the same language. Sailors on ships use flags to talk to sailors on other ships. They may not speak the same language, but they know what the patterns mean. A flag with blue and white squares says “ no. ” A flag with five stripes that
are blue, white, and red says “ yes. ”
69. We can usually see ______ on a flag.
A) different languages B) a country’ s past C) a picture or pattern D) people
70. Which of the following is the flag of Mexico?
71. We can tell from the American flag that there are ______ states in the country. A) 1 B) 3 C) 13 D) 50
72. A flag with a red cross against a white background means “ ______” .
A) There is a church here
B) The shop’ s closed
C) You must stop immediately
D) We offer people help they need
73. Sailors on ships use flags to talk because ______.
A) flying or hanging a flag is custom on ships
B) patterns are the “ language ” sailors all understand
C) flags can be seen easily from a faraway distance
D) it’ s considered polite for sailors to talk with flags
74. The best title of the passage is ______
A) The Facts of Flags B) The History of Flags
C) The Development of Flags D) The secrets of Flags
B. Choose the words or expressions and complete the passage(选择最恰当的单词 或词语完成短文 ) (12分)
I used to watch her from my kitchen window. She seemed so ___75___ as she muscled her way through the crowd of boys on the playground. The school was across the street from our home and I would often watch the kids as they played during break. I remember the first day I saw her playing basketball. I watched in wonder as she ran circles around the other kids. She managed to shoot jump shots just over their heads and into the net. The boys always tried to stop her but no one could. I began to notice her at other times, basketball in hand, playing alone.
One day I asked her why she practiced so much. Without a moment of hesitation she said,
One day in her senior year, I saw her sitting in the grass, head in her arms. I walked across the street and sat down in the cool grass beside her. ___78___ I asked what was wrong.
The next year, as she and her team went to the Northern California Championship game, she was offered a scholarship and on the college team. She was going to get the college education that she had looked forward to.
75. A) beautiful B) crazy C) small D) responsible
76. A) if B) although C) because D) unless
77. A) sports B) victory C) rest D) future
78. A) Luckily B) Suddenly C) Quietly D) Usually
79. A) worrying about B) dreaming about C) looking for D) depending on
80. A) attitude B) family C) height D) skill
C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文空格内填 入适当
It is a great but difficult project to set up a permanent human settlement on Mars. Over 200,000 volunteers from more than 120 countries have applied to take a one-way trip to Mars.
The project, run by a Dutch company named Mars One, aims to send a group of volunteers to Mars, and because of the physiological (生理上的 ) change in the human body after a sty on Mars, there ’ d be no chance of c___81___ back. So it ’ s only a one-way trip! However, that hasn ’ t stop volunteers becoming one of Mars ’ first citizens. “ This is running out to be the most welcome job in history,” says Bas Lansdorp, co-founder of Mars One.
Day-to-day life on Mars will be not easy. The daily work will i___82___ building greenhouses or doing some research –
all in a lonely environment.
Mars is not f___83___ to life. It ’ s atmosphere is so thin that it won ’ t protect you from harmful radiation (辐射 ) from the sun. You can’ t breathe the air and it is very cold on Mars, with an average temperature of around -50°C. There ’ s no running water on the surface of Mars. The water is frozen or hidden u___84___.
But Mars One says the project is not looking for volunteers with some skill, such as a science degree.
I___85___, they are looking for people who have “ a deep sense of purpose and responsibility ” . As the first group of people living on Mars, volunteers should be “ willing to build and keep a healthy r___86___ with the Earth” . They also want volunteers who are “ curious, creative and good at finding ways of dealing with all kinds of problems.” The volunteers will receive at least eight years’ training b___87___ they leave
Earth, the company says. The fist group of 24 volunteers is set to fly to Mars in 2024.
81._________ 82. _________ 83. _________ 84. _________ 85. _________ 86. _________ 87. _________
D . Answer the questions(根据短文内容回答下列问题)(12分)
A nine-year-old boy with a keen eye for both fashion and business is taking the bakery world by storm.
Cory Nieves, from New Jersey, who uses the business name “ Mr. Cory ” , not only wears tailored suits and silk ties from trendy grown-up stores, but he's also the CEO of his very own cookie company called Mr. Cory's Cookies.
On his website, which has 3,000 fans, Cory shows his perfect fashion sense. In one photo, he stands in front of his cookie stand in white shorts and a dark jacket, wearing fashionable glasses and a stack of bracelets (手镯 ) to look more attractive.
Cory wrote on his website that he first came up with the idea to start a business when he and his mother moved to New Jersey for New York City in 2009 and he decided to help mom buy a car. The he began selling hot cocoa drinks in front of his home and finally he has developed it into the cookie business.
Not only has he developed a fan base fro his delicious cookies, but he has also won over fans who like his fashion sense.
In the comment section on his page, fans have expressed their love, with one person writing, “ This kid as really smart.”
The project may have begun as a way to buy his mon a car, but Cory says he now has even higher hopes. “ I ’ m going to do it to earn money for college and for learning how to run a business,” he told NorthJersy.com.
Besides being the CEO of his cookies company, Cory is also an actor an model. 88. What is the name of Cory Nieves’ s cookies company?
______________________________________________________________________________________ 89. How many people show interest in Cory on his website page?
90. Why did Cory have the idea to start business after he moved to New York?
______________________________________________________________________________________ 91. What actually helps Cory win over so many fans, his delicious cookies or his fashion sense?
92. How is Cory probably going to use the money he earns?
________________________________________________________________________________ 93. What kind of boy do you think Cory is after reading the passage? And why do you have that kind of impression?
I think ________________________________________________________________________ VII. Writing: (20分 )
94. Write a passage in at least 60 words on the topic “ I want to say to myself ______” , (以 “ 想对自己说 ______” 为题写一篇不少于 60
Questions for reference:
1. What would you like to say to yourself?
2. Why do you want to say these words to yourself?
3. What do those words or sentences mean to you?
_________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________
43. The free Wi-Fi service in that restaurant enables the customers ______ the meal and fun of going online at the same time.
A) enjoy B) to enjoy C) enjoying D) enjoyed
44. A: How do you like the film Paddington Brown?
A) Yes, I like it. B) I think so. C) It’s so funny! D) I don’t feel very well.
45. A: Kevin didn’t manage to get a ticket for the football game.
A) Me too. B) What a pity!
C) I am glad to hear that. D) That’s sounds great!
III. Complete the following passage with the words or
phrases in the box. Each can only be used once. (将下列单词或
词组填入格。 每空限填一, 每词只
details B. yearly C. around D. abroad E. locations
A 、一二? 九运动
B 、一二? 一运动
D 、五? 二O 运动
驾驶员之家 http://www.jsyzj.com/chexing/d.html D驾驶证能开什么车
B 、一二? 九运动
D 、一二? 三○运动
驾驶员之家 http://www.jsyzj.com/chexing/a3.html A3驾驶证能开什么车
D 、《阿Q 正传》
I. Listening Comprehension (第一大题第1至第10小题，每题1分；第11至第20小题，每题1.5分； 共25分。)
Part A Short Conversations
Directions: In Part A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.
1. A. Angry. B. Tired. C. Hungry. D. Disappointed.
2. A. She did a survey a week ago. B. She completed her survey quickly.
C. She will help him on Thursday. D. She thinks she can reduce the cost.
3. A. In a grocery. B. In a warehouse.
C. In a shopping mall. D. In a fashion designer's studio.
4. A. He wrote it last semester. B. He'll finish it in a few minutes.
C. He never does assignments early. D. He isn't going to write it.
5. A. Boss and secretary. B. Coach and athlete.
C. Doctor and patient. D. Teacher and student.
6. A. 10:00. B. 10:10.
7. C. 10:20. D. 10:30. A. The electrician came to repair the lamp. B. The lamp was taken to the repair shop.
B. Watching television. C. She had Mike fix the lamp. D. The lamp was replaced. 8. A. Studying.
C. Coming upstairs. D. Going to the movies.
9. A. She had gone to photography class instead.
B. She has not chosen a picture for it.
C . She had broken her camera.
D . She was unable to have her picture taken.
10. A. Dick is practically the only one who thinks so.
B. Most people play football differently.
C . Few people are optimistic about the team's chances of winning.
D . Dick is disappointed in football games.
Part B Passages
Directions: In Section B, you will hear one short passage and two longer conversations. After each passage or conversation, you will be asked several questions. The passage and the conversations will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.
Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.
11. A. When directions are long. B. When directions are short.
C. When homework is given. D. When your mother talks.
12. A. Your pen and paper. B. A few words.
C. Your mind and ears. D. Some pictures.
13. A Topics or page numbers. B. Key words or a picture in mind.
C . Some details. D. School assignments.
Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage.
14. A. The teenagers' strange behaviour.
B . The teenagers' criticism of their parents.
C . The dominance of the parents over their children.
D . Misunderstanding between teenagers and their parents. .
15. A. Because they want to make their parents angry;
B . Because they have no other way to enjoy themselves.
C. Because they have a strong desire to be leaders in style and taste.
D . Because they want to show their existence by creating a culture of their own.
16. A. They should be obedient. B. They should be responsible. .
C. They should be cooperative. D. They should be independent.
Questions 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation.
17．A. He hadn’t found the job.
B. He found a job as a teacher. C. He was preparing for final exams. D. he found a job as a writer. B. Interviewers. D. Teachers. B. Boston. D. Los Angeles. B. Start a newspaper. D. Continue to find jobs. C. Newspaper reporters. C. California. 18. A. Writers. 19. A. New York. 20. A. Continue his education. C. Write a book.
II. Grammar and Vocabulary (第二大题每小题1分。共20分。)
Directions: After reading the passage below, fill in the blanks to make the passage coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.
On the morning of September 11, 2001, computer sales manager Michael Hingson, who is blind, went
early to his office on the 78th floor of the North Tower of the World Trade Center to prepare for a meeting. As Michael worked, his guide dog, a Labrador retriever ___21_____ (name) Roselle, dozed by his feet.
At 8:46 a.m., a tremendous boom rocked the building, eliciting screams throughout the floor. Michael
grabbed Roselle, trusting that the dog ___22_____(lead) out of danger, and they navigated their way to a stairwell.
“Forward,” Michael instructed, and they descended the first of 1,463 steps to the lobby. ___23_____ about ten floors, the stairwell grew crowded and hot, and the fumes from jet fuel had made it hard to breathe. When a woman became crazy, yelling that the y wouldn’t make it, Roselle accompanied the woman ___24_____ she finally petted the dog, calmed herself, and kept walking down the stairs.
Around the 30th floor, firefighters started passing Michael on their way up. Each one stopped to offer him assistance. He declined but let Roselle be petted, ___25_____(provide) many of the firefighters with ___26_____would be their last experience of unconditional love.
After about 45 minutes, Michael and Roselle reached ___27_____ lobby, and 15 minutes later, they emerged outside to a scene of chaos. Suddenly the police yelled for everyone to run as the South Tower began to collapse.
Michael kept a tight grip on Roselle’s harness, using voice and hand commands, as they ran to a street opposite the crumbling tower. The street bounced like a trampoline, and “a deafening roar” like a hellish freight train filled the air. Hours later, Michael and Roselle made it home safely. At that moment, they thought they were ___28_____(lucky) in the world.
In the months that followed, Michael became a spokesperson for Guide Dogs for the Blind, the organization by which Roselle ___29_____(train). Together, they spread their message about trust and teamwork.
In 2004, Roselle developed a blood disorder, ___30_____prevented her from guiding and touring. She died in 2011.
“I’ve had many other dogs,” Michael wrote, “but there is only one Roselle.”
Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.
For thousands of commuting students, Chabot was our Columbia, Annapolis, even our Sorbonne, offering courses in physics, stenography, auto mechanics, ____31_____ public accounting, foreign languages, journalism — name the art or science, the subject or trade, and it was probably in the ____32_____. The college had a nursing program that churned out graduates, sports teams that funneled athletes to big-time programs, and parking for a few thousand cars — all ____33_____, but for the effort and the cost of used textbooks.
Classmates included veterans back from Vietnam, women of every marital and maternal status returning to school, middle-aged men wanting to improve their employment ____34_____ and paychecks. We could get our general education requirements out of the way at Chabot — credits we could ____35_____ to a university — which made those two years an invaluable head start. I was able to go on to the California State University in Sacramento (at $95 a semester, just ____36_____ affordable) and study no other subject but my major, theater arts. (After a year there I moved on, enrolling in a little thing called the School of Hard Knocks, a.k.a. Life.)
"By some fluke of the punch-card computer era, I made Chabot's dean's list taking classes I loved (oral interpretation), classes I hesitated (health, a requirement), classes I aced, and classes I ____37_____ after the first hour (astronomy, because it was all math). I nearly failed zoology, killing my fruit flies by neglect,
but got lucky in an English course, “The College Reading Experience.” The books of Carlos Castaneda were incomprehensible to me (and still are), but my ____38_____ presentation on the analytic process called structural dynamics was hailed as clear and concise, though I did nothing more than embellish the definition I had looked up in the dictionary.
A public-speaking class was unforgettable for a couple of reasons. First, the assignments forced us to get over our ____39_____. Second, another student was a stewardess, as flight attendants called themselves in the 70‘s. She was studying communications and was gorgeous. She lived not far from me, and when my VW threw a rod and was in the shop for a week, she offered me a lift to class. I rode shotgun that Monday-Wednesday-Friday, ____40_____ tongue-tied. Communicating with her one-on-one was the antithesis of public speaking.
III. Reading Comprehension (第三大题: Section A第41至55
Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.
When buying a smartphone, I keep my criteria simple. If the device can handle WeChat, phone calls and __41__ the Internet, I purchase it. If it ’s over 1,000 yuan, I __42__ it. This approach to acquiring smartphones __43__ for me as I keep my needs basic. Aside from saving myself money, I may have also saved myself from some wounds or burns had I chosen a flawed phone. In recent news, things have been __44__ for Samsung – literally.
Samsung ’s most recent innovation is called the Note 7. Sadly, it was discontinued(
Commercial forces encourage tech companies to push the envelope and produce new products every few months. Sometimes, a conflict of interests can occur. The greed for innovation has a funny way of causing __49__ for the basics – like safety – and the Note 7’s situation is just one example of this. The device __50__ all kinds of cool features, including a super-high-resolution camera, an iris scanner and an especially powerful __51__. Ideally, manufacturers should consider all relevant aspects when creating new commodities. Samsung has both the money and technical know-how to prevent such negligence. The Note 7’s __52__ was most likely rushed in order to make more profit, which __53__ having the opposite effect. Time will tell how much this oversight will cost with respect to Samsung’s fame and future.
__54__, it ’s safe to assume that Samsung could eventually come back over the horizon and restore its reputation as a manufacturer of excellent smartphones if its new models have no major flaw. In an industry largely run by Apple and Samsung, intense competition will only bring more benefit to consumers. If Apple were to become the only __55__ company, we would be left with few options for top-of-the-line phones.
41. A. surf B. access C. launch D. process
42. A. buy B. desire C. recommend D. abandon
43. A. works B. checks C. helps D. adapts
44. A. growing up
45. A. accessible
46. A. locked
47. A. look over
48. A. aggressive
49. A. neglect
50. A. causes
51. A. battery
52. A. campaign
53. A. ended up
54. A. Consequently
55. A. flexible
Section B B. bringing up B. responsible B. broadcast B. look through B. desperate B. need B. boasts B. screen B. promotion B. served for B. Therefore B. ambitious C. blowing up C. affordable C. charged C. look up C. anxious C. demand C. defines C. chip C. invention C. acted out C. Furthermore C. dominant D. digging up D. available D. carried D. look into D. urgent D. application D. forbids D. frame D. release D. turned over D. Nevertheless D. feasible
Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.
For the first time in its history the International Olympic Committee has allowed a team of refugees to compete at the Games. All of the team’s members were forced to leave their home countries. Now they’ve come together to compete under the Olympic flag instead.
Making it to the Olympics is something eighteen-year-old swimmer Yusra has always dreamed of. But just of the war there. They were trying to get to Greece in a rubber dinghy with eighteen other refugees, when their boat broke down and began filling with water. Most of the people on board couldn't swim so she and her sister jumped in to help push it to shore.
Three hours later, they made it to safety, and eventually to Germany as refugees. Refugees are people who have left their home country because their lives are threatened by war, bad treatment or violence –often because of their race, gender or beliefs. Around the world, more than 60 million people are in this situation. And some of them, like Yusra, are elite athletes who have trained all their lives to compete at the highest level, only to have that chance taken away.
Now, a team of ten, including swimmers, runners, and judokas from Syria, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Congo have been given the chance to compete at the Games under the Olympic flag. They’ve also been given their own coaches, officials, uniforms, and a chef, all paid for by the IOC. And in the past few months they’ve been training hard. The IOC says it wants the team to inspire and give hope to other refugees, and draw attention to the issues millions of others around the world are facing. And these guys say they’re up to the task, whether they win gold or not.
“This will be a symbol of hope for all the refugees in our world and will make the world better aware of the magnitude of this crisis,” IOC President Thomas Bach said in a statement. “It is also a signal to the international community that refugees are our fellow human beings and are an enrichment to society.”
“These refugee athletes will show the world that despite the unimaginable tragedies that they have faced, anyone can contribute to society through their talent, skills and strength of the human spirit,” the statement continues.
56. What does the underlined sentence mean?
A. She trained all her life.
B. She swam for the glory of life.
C. She swam to escape being drowned.
D. She swam to escape from other refugees.
57. Where do Yusra and her sister live as refugees now?
A. Syria. B. Germany. C. Congo. D. Ethiopia.
58. Which of the following is not a reason why the refugees are threatened to leave their country?
A. Race. B. Violence. C. Religion. D. Nationality.
59. The IOC allowed a team of refugees to compete in the Olympic Games in order to _____.
A. help the refugees to fulfill their dreams of winning the Olympic gold medal.
B. offer the refugees a chance to earn bread by themselves.
C. light a candle of hope for all the refugees in the world.
D. curse the darkness of the society by forcing them to pay attention to the life of refugees
As the MOOC craze continues to explode, anyone interested in taking an online course faces a tricky question: Which course to take? Here are five aspects that you should consider before you start.
(1) What is your learning style?
Many MOOCs are video-based. Other courses use presentation formats. Some also require participation in group work. If you want to stay motivated during your course, think about how you enjoy learning.
Are you a visual learner, preferring to use images to understand a topic? If so, a video-based course will work well for you. If you are a verbal learner who gains new information by speaking and writing, try a text-based course with lots of note-taking. Social learners, meanwhile, will thrive in forum discussions and project-based assessment.
(2) Are you ready to become a full-time student?
Be realistic about the time that you can commit to your online studies. Participating in an online course can take as much time and commitment as a class-based program. Check the course requirements and make a plan around your current schedule.
(3) Does the course really meet your needs?
Whether you are interested in a professional qualification or want to take a personal development course like yoga, there is a MOOC for you. It ’s easy to get caught up in the excitement of taking lots of free courses in everything that you ever wanted to learn. Before you start a course, think about the end goal. Is the course aimed at beginners or advanced learners? Why do you need this qualification?
(4) Do you need a support group?
Some people learn best from seeing how others approach the problem. If you are such a learner, you will need to supplement your online lessons with an in-person support group.
(5) What kind of certification will you get?
Take time to find out what kind of certification is available upon completion of the course, and how you can prove your learning to others – for example, certificates, transcripts or digital badges.
60. What kind of MOOCs does the author recommend to verbal learners?
A. A video-based course. B. A text-based course.
C. A forum-based discussion. D. A project-based assessment.
61. What kind of learners need an in-person support group?
A. Learners who prefer individual work.
B. Learners who are in great need of a certificate.
C. Learners who learn best from seeing how others approach the problem.
D. Learners who are too busy to become a full-time student.
62. What is the passage mainly about?
A. Picking the right MOOCs for you. B. Deciding your learning style.
C. Taking the right course you need. D. Choosing a suitable support group.
Pluto – which famously was degraded from a “major planet” in 2006 – captured our imagination because it was a mystery that could complete our picture of what it was like at the most remote corners of our solar system.
Pluto’s underdog discovery story is part of what makes it so appealing. Clyde Tombaugh was a Kansas far boy who built telescopes out of spare auto parts, old farm equipment and self-ground lenses. As an assistant at Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, Tombaugh’s task was to search among millions of stars for a movin g point of light, a planet that the observatory’s founder thought existed beyond the orbit of Neptune. After years’ efforts, Tombaugh finally found it. Pluto was the first planet discovered by an American, and represented a moment of light in the darkness of the Great Depression.
For decades, Pluto thrived in its role as the ninth major planet of our solar system, even though it was tiny compared to the others and so far away.
However, 62 years after its discovery, two astronomers discovered another planet-like object beyond the orbit of Neptune. Six months later, they discovered a third object. It looked like Pluto might actually be a member of a sort of asteroid belt, similar to but way beyond one we’ve known about for a long time between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.
Another 14 years passed, dozens more objects beyond Neptune like Pluto had been discovered, so the International Astronomical Union elected to degrade the planet. It now shares its dwarf planet designation with three of the 1,200 bodies that have been located beyond Neptune today, collectively known as “Kuiper Belt Objects.”
The Kuiper Belt is populated by icy bodies that are remnants of the solar system’s formation. These are the building blocks of planets. We now also know the surface of Pluto contains ices composed of methane, nitrogen, and other compounds familiar to us. It also seems to have a bright polar cap, like on Earth. Its atmosphere is very thin, but it’s composed largely of nitrogen, like our own.
So, as we finally get within 7,800 miles of Pluto today, we scientists are hoping we can finally understand how the chaos at the beginning of the solar system could have created objects so similar and yet so foreign as Earth and Pluto. Pluto is much more than somethin g that is not a planet. It’s a reminder that there are many worlds out there beyond our own – that the sky isn’t the limit at all. We don’t know what kinds of fantastic variations on a theme nature is capable of making until we get out there to look.
63. Pluto was discovered by Clyde Tombaugh in _____.
A. 1930 B. 1939 C. 1992 D. 2006
64. Now the official designation of Pluto is _____.
A. Asteroid Belt B. Kuiper Belt C. Major Planet D. Dwarf Planet
65. Pluto and Earth are to some extent similar for _____.
A. both of them are populated by icy bodies that are remnants of the solar system’s formation 4.6 billion years ago
B. the atmosphere of either of them is mainly made up of nitrogen
C. there are ices throughout the surface of both
D. both of them have bright polar caps on the north pole as well as the south pole
66. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A. There are nine major planets in the solar system.
B. There is an asteroid belt between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.
C. Pluto now shares its designation with 1,200 bodies that have been located beyond Neptune.
D. Clyde Tombaugh discovered Pluto with the telescope out of spare auto parts, old equipment and self-ground lenses.
Directions: Complete the following passage by using the sentences listed below. Each sentence can only be used once. Note that there are two sentences more than you need.
Suppose you become a leader in an organization. It’s very likely that you’ll want to have volunteers to help with the organization’s activities. To do so, it should help to understand why people undertake volunteer work and what keeps their interest in the work.
Let’s begin with the question of why people volunteer. ______67_______ For example, people volunteer to express personal values related to unselfishness, to expand their range of experiences, and to strengthen social relationships. If volunteer positions do not meet these needs, people may not wish to participate. To select volunteers, you may need to understand the motivations of the people you wish to attract.
People also volunteer because they are required to do so. To increase levels of community service, some schools have launched compulsory volunteer programs. Unfortunately, these programs can shift people’s wish of participation from an internal factor (e.g., “I volunteer because it’s important to me”) to an external factor (e.g., “I volunteer because I’m required to do so”). When that happens, people become less likely to volunteer in the future. ____68_______
Once people begin to volunteer, what leads them to remain in their positions over time? To answer this question, researchers have conducted follow-up studies in which they track volunteers over time. For instance, one study followed 238 volunteers in Florida over a year. One of the most important factors that influenced their satisfaction as volunteers was the amount of suffering they experienced in their volunteer positions. ____69_____ The researchers note that attention should be given to “training methods that would prepare volunteers for troublesome situations or provide them with strategies for coping with the problem they do experience”.
Another study of 302 volunteers at hospitals in Chicago focused on individual differences in the degree to which pe ople view “volunteer” as an important social role. ____70______ Participants indicated the degree to which the social role mattered by responding to statements such as “Volunteering in Hospital is an important part of who I am.” “Consistent with the researchers ” expectations, they found a positive correlation between the strength of role identity and the length of time people continued to volunteer. These results, once again, lead to concrete advice: “Once an individual begins volunteering, continued efforts might focus on developing a volunteer role identity.... Items like T-shirts that allow volunteers to be recognized publicly for their contributions can help strengthen role identity”.
A. People volunteer mainly out of academic requirements and internal needs
B. People must be sensitive to this possibility when they make volunteer activities a must.
C. It was assumed that those people for whom the role of volunteer was most part of their personal identity would also be most likely to continue volunteer work.
D. Individual differences in role identity is most likely to motivate volunteers to continue their work.
E. Although this result may not surprise you, it leads to important practical advice.
F. Researchers have identified several factors that motivate people to get involved.
Section D Summary （10分）
Directions: Read the following passage. Summarize the main idea and the main point(s) of the passage in no more than 60 words. Use your own words as far as possible.
In the United States alone, over 100 million cell-phones are thrown away each year. Cell-phones are part of a growing mountain of electronic waste like computers and personal digital assistants. The electronic waste stream is increasing three times faster than traditional garbage as a whole.
Electronic devices contain valuable metals such as gold and silver. A Swiss study reported that while the weight of electronic goods represented by precious metals was relatively small in comparison to total waste, the concentration (含量) of gold and other precious metals was higher in So-called e-waste than in naturally occurring minerals.
Electronic wastes also contain many poisonous metals. Even when the machines are recycled and the harmful metals removed, the recycling process often is carried out in poor countries, in practically uncontrolled ways which allow many poisonous substances to escape into the environment.
Creating products out of raw materials creates much more waste material, up to 100 times more, than the material contained in the finished products. Consider again the cell-phone, and imagine the mines that produced those metals, the factories needed to make the box and packaging(包装) it came in. Many wastes produced in the producing process are harmful as well.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency notes that most waste is dangerous in that “the production, distribution, and use of products — as well as management of the resulting waste — all result in greenhouse gas release.” Individuals can reduce their contribution by crea ting less waste at the start — for instance, buying reusable products and recycling.
In many countries the concept of extended producer responsibility is being considered or has been put in place as an incentive (动机) for reducing waste. If producers are required to take back packaging they use to sell their products, would they reduce the packaging in the first place?
Governments’ incentive to require producers to take responsibility for the packaging they produce is usually based on money. Why, they ask, should cities or towns be responsible for paying to deal with the bubble wrap (气泡垫) that encased your television?
From the governments’ point of view, a primary goal of laws requiring extended producer responsibility is to transfer both the costs and the physical responsibility of waste management from the government and tax-payers back to the producers.
I. Translation (第1-2句每句3分; 第3句4分; 第4句5分, 共15分)
Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.
II. Guided Writing (25分)
Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.
I. Listening Comprehension
Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.
1. A. Husband and wife. B. Guests and hostess.
C. Customer and waitress. D. Boss and employee.
2. A. Watch the program on TV. B. Look for cats at the man.
C. Meet the man at the cat exhibition. D. In an office.
3. A. Borrow the typewriter. B. Visit the woman.
C. Go home soon. D. Read the woman‟s paper.
4. A. The man. B. Both.C. The woman. D. Neither.
5. A. The books there are too expansive.
B. She won‟t be able to get the book before the class.
C. The textbook she need isn‟t in yet.
D. She hopes to get a good deal on some second-hand book.
6. A. Take the bus to the airport. B. Meet the Browns at the airport.
C. Make a phone call to the Browns.D. Accompany the Browns to the airport.
7. A. The man will have a test
B. The man will probably go to the movie.
C. The man will have to sit for a exam.
D. The woman wishes she could go to the class with the man.
8. A. The result hasn‟t come yet.
B. The results were checked again last night
C. The woman needs another test tomorrow.
D. The doctor hasn‟t come back from the lab.
9. A.Most neighbors are as noisy as the woman.
B. Talking to the neighbors politely might be the best way.
C. He‟d like to know why the woman is angry.
D. The woman is too polite for her neighbors
10. A. He needs to but another umbrella. B. It will rain much later in the week.
C. It will probably rain tomorrow D. The weather forecast almost never agree.
Directions : In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.
Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.
11. A. They used to be unable to listen to public debates.
B. They were more patient and sociable than people now.
C. They learned from political speeches.
D. They used to think in terms of a printed text.
12. A. It makes people get ideas from images, not from written words
B. It has made the public less interested in politics
C. The quality of television programming has declined
D. Political programs on TV are too complex
13. A. The environmental effects of consumerism
B. How consumer culture has made people unreasonable
C. How television has affected people‟s thinking ability
D. Television‟s damage to the environment
Questions 14 through 17 are based on the following passage.
14. A. Some children already know how to do it
B. Some children find it more enjoyable than they expected to
C. Some children refuse to take part
D. Some children prefer to swim or play the table-tennis
15. A. They seem grateful to their experience here
B. They complain if they cannot phone their parents
C. They miss meal times with their parents
D. The youngest ones find it hard to be away from home
16. A. They should visit their children instead of phoning them
B. They shouldn‟t allow their children to bring phones to camps
C. They don‟t need to keep phoning the camp
D. They need to be reminded to phone their children
Questions 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation.
17. A. Five years B. Three years C. Four years D. Six years
18. A. The person who has the strong will
B. The person who has attended the adult school
C. The person who can work at computers quickly after a two-day training
D. The person who can pass the test of arithmetic
19. A. The man‟s educationB. A new chance for everyone to be promoted
C. The man‟s pay raiseD. A career promotion for the man
20. A. The man is eager to attend the training
B. The person is not very interested in this chance for promotion
C. The man has been training for computer work since last year
D. The man is not confident in his chance to be promoted to the Grade 7
II. Grammar and Vocabulary
Directions:After reading the passage below, fill in the blanks to make the passage coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.
My life on an Island
we live on the island of Hale. it's about four kilometers long and two kilometers wide at its broadest point, and it is joined to the mainland by a causeway (21) _______(call) Stand---a narrow road built across the mouth of the river (22) ________ separates us from the rest of the country. Most of the time you wouldn‟ t know we are on an island because the river mouth between us and the mainland is just a vast stretch of tall grasses and brown mud. But when there is high tide and the water rises a half meter or so above the road and nothing can pass (23) _________the tide goes out again a few hours later, then you know it‟ s an island.
We were on our way back (24) _________ the mainland. My older brother, Dominic, had just finished his first in university in a town 150km away. Dominic‟ s train was due in at five and he ‟ d asked for a lift back from the station. Now, Dad normally hates being disturbed when he (25) __________ (write) (which is just about all the time), and he also hates having to go anywhere, but despite the typical sighs and moans --- why can‟ t he get a taxi? What‟ s wrong with the bus? ----I could tell by the flash in the eyes that he was really looking forward to (26) ________ (see) Dominic.
So, anyway, Dad and I had driven to the mainland and picked up Dominic from the station. He had been talking non-stop from the moment he‟ d get into the car. University this, university that, writers, books, parties, people, money…… .. I didn‟ t like the way he spoke and waved his hands around (27) ________ ____________he was some kind of scholar or something. It was embarrassing. It made me feel uncomfortable----that kind of discomfort you feel when someone you like, someone close to you, suddenly starts acting like a complete idiot. And I didn‟ t like the way he was ignoring me, either. For all the attention I was getting I (28) _________ as well not have been there. I felt a stranger.
We were about half across when I saw a boy. My first thought was how odd it was (29) _________(see) someone walking on the Strand. You don‟ t often see people walking around there. As we drew (30) _______(close) , he became clearer. He was actually a young man rather than a boy.
Directions: Fill in each blank with a proper word chosen from the box. Each word can be used only once. Note that there is one word more than you need.
In recent years, there has been a growing emphasis on developing stronger science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) curriculum(课程 ) and programs, as these discipline are widely ___31____ as the means to help innovation and support national economies. This trend reflects a shift in how school discipline are being looked at; schools are ____32____ on subject that have traditionally been isolated from each other -----science, mathematics, and art --- in favor of deeper, interdisciplinary learning. K-12 education leaders are pioneering new methods for combing the arts with STEMS activities, ____33____ the ways in which subjects naturally connect in the real world. While this new movement is being discussed almost clearly and directly in an education context, its roots are planted across nearly every industry. In many ways, technology is the connective tissue. Similarly, engineering new transportation technologies requires artful design. The growing ___34____ of the important unions between different skills is paving that way for STEAM in schools.
Some doubts of this movement have dismissed_____35_____ as a mere fashion driven by artists who are concerned their profession is losing critical support in an increasingly technology-focused society. However, the Hilburn Academy argues that STEAM is not just a contemporary program of learning, but an important life philosophy----____36_____ for higher education and career success. Schools should provide students plentiful opportunities ____37_____the complexities and complicated layers that indicate concrete knowledge. Early examples of STEAM learning include teaching students how mathematical concepts such as geometry(
While the rise of STEAM learning is relatively new, there are already figures that prove the integration of these seemingly ____38_____ disciplines is supporting student performance at school. A study conducted by the University of Florida _____39_____ that students who are engaged in music class do better in math. For example, female high school students enrolled in music appreciation class scored 42points higher on the math section of their SATs. Formal experience with the arts is proven to cultivate innovative thinking, adaptability and other problem- solving skills that are necessary for mastering STEM abilities. in other words, _____40______ is a pioneer for students to understand, use, and apply technologies in new ways.
Directions: ForeachblankinthefollowingpassagetherearefourwordsorphrasesmarkedA, B, CandD. Fillineachblankwiththewordorphrasethatbestfitsthecontext.
Anxiety disorders-- defined by extreme fear,restlessness,and muscle tension --are carefully considering,disabling,and can increase the risk for _____41_____and self-murder. They are some of the most common mental health conditions around the world, _____42_____around four out of every 100 people and costing the health care system and job employers over US $42billion each year.
People with anxiety are more likely to miss days from work and are less____43_____.Young people with anxiety are also less likely to enter school and complete it--leading to fewer life____44____.Even though this evidence points to anxiety disorders as being important mental health issues, insufficient _____45_____is being given to them by researchers, clinicians, and policy makers.My team and I at the University of Cambridge wanted to find out who is most affected by anxiety disorders.
To do this, we conducted a systematic ____46____of studies that reported on the proportion of people with anxiety in a variety of contexts around the world, used accurate methods to keep the highest quality studies.
Our results showed women are almost twice as likely to _____47____anxiety as men, and people living in Europe and North America are disproportionately affected.
So why are women more____48____?
It could be because of differences in brain chemistry and hormone(尔蒙 )variations. Reproductive events across a woman‟s life are_____49_____with hormonal changes, which have been linked to anxiety. The rise in oestrogens(激
This is _____51____ by disturbing and repetitive thoughts, impulses and addictions that are upsetting and less effective. But in addition to biological mechanisms, women and men seem to experience and react to events in their life _____52___. Women when faced with stressful situations, women and men which can increase their anxiety. Also , when faced with stressful situations ,women and men tend to use different coping ____53_____.Women faced with life stressors are more likely to think about them seriously,which can increase their anxiety , ___54____men engage more in active, problem-focused coping.
Other studies suggest that women are more likely to ____55____physical and mental mistreatment than men, and this behavior has been linked to the development of anxiety disorders.
41 A. symptom B. depression C. misery D. frightening 42 A. infecting B. stimulating C. capturing D. affecting
43 A. productive B.progressive C. positive D. Passive 44 A.adventures B.insurances C.chances D.programs 45 A. conclusion B.attention C. solution D.contribution 46 A.ignorance B.outlook C.discovery D.review
47 A.suffer from B. deal with C. fight against D. result from 48 A.superior B.inferior C.probable D.enormous 49 A.interacted B.associated C.disconnected D.inherited 50 A.challenge B. decline C. eliminate D. increase 51 A. characterized B. confused C.performed D.offended 52 A.equally B.similarly C.differently D.terribly
53 A.shortcuts B.strategies C. standards D. samples 54 A.because B. unless C. if D.while
55 A.experience B.respond C.ignore D.persist
Directions:Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have read.
It dawned on me recently that I was the only one in my family who doesn‟ t benefit from having a mother in the house.
This was not the only case for me, but for a large number of fellow countrymen, including one friend who felt so bad one night that she got out of her bed and cleaned her house in case the medical examiner had to come. (He didn‟ t)
“I want my mommy ” indeed could be read throughout the cold, snowy descriptions of winter ‟ s Facebook, where many middle-aged women are known to go for comfort.
This translates as: “I want a constant supply of homemade soup without asking for it.” Also: “I want someone who put her hand on my forehead and know within a degree what my temperature is.”
More than anything, the desire for mommy translates into a longing for selfless constancy, for the all-knowing, all-knowing mother with a cold cloth in her hand, who never leaves the beside except to go to the bathroom.
The image of a mother nurse at the sick bed- think Gone With the Wind ’ s Melanie in the Civil War hospitals- is one of a perfect, warmhearted wisdom soldier‟ s holy person and medicine woman, a la Joan of Acr, Mother Teresa and Pocahontas rolled into one. is a supernatural being who knows, without the help of Google, when her patient should go to the doctor and when she should stay in bed, which illness needs a warm bath and which needs a warm shower…… Now, to be fair, let me say that my good friend made soup for me-twice-while I was ill. My
goddaughter, a nurse practitioner, texted every day, several times a day, from several states away. My husband often came home from work in the middle of the day to check on me. One night, which so happened to be an outlet celebration, when I was at my most miserable and convinced it was time for the emergency room, my family gathered on the bed with red beans and rice.
There ‟ s nothing quite like a mother in situations like these. Literature knows it. History knows it. Even current studies show that mothers are still 10 times more likely than their husbands to leave work to tend to sick children and five times more likely to take the sick child to the doctor, says the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation.
Alas, there is no mother in the house for me- unless you count the mama cat. And she ‟ s more like a child than a mother these days, continuously circling my sick bed, meowing for food while I suffer in pile of cough drop wrappers.
There is hope: I asked my primary care provider, who is a woman and a mother, at my office visit midway through my illness, if she would be my mommy.
She threw her head back and laughed.
56. What does the underlined word “ She ” refer to in Paragraph7?
B. Ia Joan of Arc
C. Mother Teresa
57. We can conclude from the writer, Mother can possibly do the following EXCEPT ________________.
put you to trouble?
A. Supplying homemade soup regularly without asking for it
B. Diagnosing whether her child runs a high fever with her hand
C. Offering her children a helping hand when necessary
D. Never leaving her husband‟ s bedside except going to the bathroom
58. The writer mentions her friend, daughter and husband, which implies that________________.
A. her husband has much less experience than her husband in looking after patients.
B. her husband comforted her much less than her daughter.
C. though they looked after her well, they couldn‟ t replace the role of Mother.
D. compared with literature, history and current studies, they have done better.
59. As a whole, this passage suggests the writer_______________________.
A. misses her dead mother
B. hopes to get comfort and care from her husband
C. blames her mother for being out
D. needs her mother‟ s help with housework
Read the following tips given by the different consultants.
60. It can be concluded from the passage that the consultants intend to help graduates___________________.
A. figure out a qualified consultant
B. work out the mismatch
C. start out on their career path
D. make out future employers
61. The following statements made by consultants are true EXCEPT ____________________.
A. Make sure your approach for information is positive in tone
B. Some information you are given may not give a complete picture
C. You should demonstrate determination to improve your job prospects
D. Keep your initial objective in mind when you are planning to change jobs
62. Who suggests that graduates should stay happy in spite of defeats among the following consultants?
A. Alice B. Paul C. Rebecca D. Smith
From winning a complex war to developing a life-saving drug: there are so many things that can only be achieved if people work together in harmony. They can then achieve impressive performances that also benefit the individual. So, why do colleagues or others so often make things difficult for another? Experimental research carried out by De Dreu has shown that greed and fear are the basic reasons determining problems with teamwork. “People are afraid that their contribution will mainly benefit those people who themselves contribute nothing. That ‟ s why people hold back and invest in self-protection rather than cooperation.
De Dreu examined the strategies people use to maximize the benefits for themselves and to reduce the risk of being exploited. He conducts experiments where the participants can invest in self-protection or attacks on others, or they can choose to do nothing. When motivated by greed, people seem to invest mainly in self-protection and less in attacks on others. “Fear is almost always present as a brake on cooperation, but it‟ s more difficult to predict when greed will crop up. ”T he puzzle is that fear among rival groups tends to result in people working better together. “It seems to happen almost automatically, often without it even being discussed.”
As Professor of Employment and Organization Psychology at the University of Amsterdam, De Dreu has conducted a lot of research on cooperation within organizations. In Leiden he intends to approach the subject at higher level of abstraction. “ We know a lot about what makes the best kind of leaders. Now I want to examine what our brain looks like when we are working together. I am interested in that because cooperating with one another relies on very basic systems that we also use for other tasks, such as child-raising. ”
He intends to use brain scans to look at which neurohormones(神经激素 ) play a role in
cooperation, such as the “ hug hormones(荷尔蒙 ) ” oxytocin(催生
De Dreu draws attention to his multidisciplinary approach. He is also interested in the effect of such “institutions” as religion and legislation because these have an obvious influence on our behavior. He will be working together with fellow scientists from other disciplines: sociologists, political scientists, legal specialists, religious experts and also biologists who will be examining the behavior of rats, for examples.
De Dreu doesn ‟ t exclude the possibility that he will again be conducting some of his research in organizations. Until then he would welcome any managers would be willing to take part in his neurobiological research. “I would love it if a lot of managers were willing to have scans while making decisions about their companies. But then they‟ d have to come in their masses, and that‟ s not to easy to achieve.”
63. What does the phrase “ child-raising ” in Paragraph 3 refer to ?
A. One of the basic systems that we work with one another.
B. One of the tasks our human beings need to be finished
C. One of the questions that people have to be answered
D. One of the examples lies in people‟ s self-protection
64. The experiments conducted by De Dreu imply the following statements Except ___________
A. Teamwork happens automatically if panic exists among rival groups.
B. People will invest in self-protection when driven by greed
C. Some basic systems in our brain helps us work eth one another
D. More oxytocin is produced when people maximize the benefits for themselves.
65. It can be inferred from the passage that the De Dreu uses a wide variety of methods to research____________________.
A. what our brain looks like
B. why people don‟ t often cooperate in teamwork
C. how religious and rules work well together
D. how managers react in the scanner
66. Which of the following of the title?
A. Experiments on different people
B. Research on brain scans and role of religion
C. Greed and fear restrict cooperation
D. Hormone influences our behavior
Directions:Read the following passages. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each sentence can be used only once. Note that there are two more sentences than you need.
Your next nurse could be a robot
Dr. De Momi, of the Politecnico di Milano(Italy), led an international team that trained a robot to imitate natural human actions. (67)___________________Over time this should lead to improvements in safety during surgeries because unlike their human counterparts robots do not tire and can complete an endless series of precise movements. The goal is not to remove skill from the operating room, but to complete it with a robot‟ s particular skills and benefits.
“ As a roboticist, I am convinced De Momi‟ s team photographed a human being conducting numerous reaching motions, in a way similar to handing instruments to a surgeon. These camera captures were input into the neural network of robotic arm, which is crucial to controlling movements. Next a human operator guided the robotic arm in imitating the reaching motions that the human subject had initially performed. Although there was not a perfect overlap between the robotic and human actions, they were broadly similar.
(69) ___________________These observers determined whether the actions of the robotic arms were “ biologically inspired,” which would indicate that their neural networks had effectively
learned to imitate human behavior. About 70% of the time this is exactly what the human observers concluded.
These results are promising, although further research is necessary to confirm or refine De Momi ‟ s conclusions. If robotic arms can indeed imitate human behavior, it would be necessary to build conditions in which humans and robots can operate effectively in high stress environments like operating rooms. (70)_________________________ De Momi‟ s work is part of the growing field of healthcare robotics, which has potential to change the way we receive health care sooner rather than later.
IV . Summary Writing
Directions: Read the following passage. Summarize the main idea and the main point(s) of the passage in no more than 60 words. Use your own words as far as possible.
A good story encourages us to turn the next page and read more. We want to find out what happens next and what the main characters do and what they say to each other. We may feel excited, sad, afraid, angry or really happy. This is because the experience of reading or listening to a story is much more likely to make us 'feel' that we are part of the story, too. Just like in our 'real' lives, we might love or hate different characters in the story. Perhaps we recognize ourselves or others in some of them. Perhaps we have similar problems.
Because of this natural empathy with the characters, our brains process the reading of stories differently from the way we read factual information. Our brains don't always recognize the difference between an imagined situation and a real one so the characters become 'alive' to us. What they say and do is therefore more meaningful. This is why the words and structures that relate a story's events, descriptions and conversations are processed in this deeper way.
In fact, cultures all around the world have always used storytelling to pass knowledge from one generation to another. Our ancestors understood very well that this was the best way to make sure our histories and information about how to relate to others and to our world was not only understood, but remembered too. (Notice that the word 'history' contains the word 'story' – this is not a coincidence!)
Encouraging your child to read or listen to stories should therefore help them to learn a second language in a way that is not only fun, but memorable.
Directions:Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 72. 顾
VI. Guided writing
Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.
读书之妙趣,不仅在于书,还于读书的人和。 请你读书的趣事写下来,加某一英文 报征文大赛,与人
I. Listening Comprehension
1-5 BADCB 6-10 DCABC 11-13 DAC 14-17 BACA 18-20 CDB
II. Grammar and vocabulary
21 called 22 which 23 until 24 from 25 is writing 26 seeing
27 as if 28 might 29 to see 30closer
31-35 KBDCH 36-40 EIFGJ
III. Reading comprehension
Section A 41-55 BDACB DACBD ACBDA
Section B 56-59 ADCB 60-62 CDB 63-66 ADBC
Section C 67-70 FECA
IV. Summary writing
An interesting story motivates/inspires us to read continuously, for it reflects our real lives. Ignoring the unreal factors, we usually feel empathy with the characters and think a lot about the words and structures related to the story. People all over the world have employed/ used storytelling to obtain knowledge and make children‟s language learning meaningful and impressive. (57words)
72. Customers always focus on brand image when shopping.
73. I can no longer resist the impulse to watch the basketball match.
74. The reason why this book is popular is that it gives people hope and inspiration.
75. She made such a honest speech about her personal strivings that we were nearly moved to tears.
I . ListeningCompr
Directions :In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard
1. A.Relaxed B.AnnoyedC. Worried.D. Satisfied
2. A. On February 1st .B. On February 2nd .C. On February 3rd D. On February 8th .
3. A. A basketball player.B. A laundry worker.
C. A window washer.D. A rock climber.
4. A. To a stationery shop.B. To a gymnasium.
C. To a paint store.D. To a news stand.
5. A. Ask for something cheaper B. Buy the purse she really likes
C. Protect herself from being hurt. D. Bargain with the shop assistant.
6.A. She doesn't plan to continue studying next year.
B.She has already told the man about her plan.
C. She isn’t planning to leave her university.
D.She recently visited a different university
7. A. The cafeteria isn’t usually empty B. Dessert is served in the cafeteria.
C. The cafeteria is near the library. D. Coffe isn’t allowed in the library.
8. A. She lives close to the man B. She changes her mind at last.
C. She will turn to her manager. D. She declines the man’s offer.
9. A. He doesn't mind helping the woman.
B. He'll help if the woman doesn't mind.
C. He’ll help if the woman doesn’t mind.
D. He can’t help move the cupboard.
10. A. The washing machine is totally beyond repair.
B.She will help Wendy prepare her annual report.
C.Wendy should give priority to writing her report.
D.The washing machine should be checked annually.
Section B 15%
Directions :In Section B, you will hear two short passages and one longer conversation, and you will be asked several questions on each of the passages and the conversation. The passages and the conversation will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.
Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.
11. A. Because he always fired the waiters.
B. Because he followed several waiters.
C. Because he was a natural motivator.
D. Because he seldom had a bad day.
12. Agive advice B. Tell himself to be in a good mood.
C. Choose to be a victim. D. Accept someone’s complaints.
13. A. How to be a unique manager.
B. We should be curious about unique people.
C. Our choices may decide how we live our lives.
D. We should do something after we wake up each morning.
Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage.
14. A. They are very generous in giving gifts.
B. They refuse gifts when doing business.
C. They regard gifts as a symbol of friendship.
D. They give gifts only on special occasions.
15. A. They enjoy giving gifts to other people.
B. They spend a lot of time choosing gifts.
C. They have to follow many specific rules.
D. They pay attention to the quality of gifts.
16. A. Gift-giving plays an important role in human relationships.
B. We must be aware of cultural difference in giving gifts.
C. We must learn how to give gifts before going abroad.
Reading extensively makes one a better gift-giver.
Questions 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation.
17. A. She is enjoying her language study.
B. She is enjoying her management study.
C. She is not feeling very well at the moment.
D. She is not happy about her study pressure.
18. A. It is challenging. B. It is interesting. C. It is useful. D. It is difficult.
19. A. She dislikes the food she eats.B. She is unable to sleep well.
C. She finds the rent high.D. She has no chance to make friends.
20. A. To try to make more friends.
B. To try to change accommodation.
C. To spend more time on English.
D. To stop attending language classes.
Section A 10%
Directions :After reading the passage below, fill in the blanks to make the passage coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.
The Importance of Accessibility Awareness
At a recent meeting, people with disabilities talked about their lives. I was amazed to hear about the challenges (21) ___________ (face) by people with physical disabilities. However, (22) amazed me most was the great importance of education about handicap (
the facilities for people with disabilities. One big concern is thepeople who take advantage of aids, such as handicap parking spaces. So people (25)
disabilities need to be educated about these facilities. And the meeting focused on educating the public.Some handicap spots have extra room next to them, marked with the “No Parking” signs. “(26)5 somepeople say. use a wheelchair disagree to this. The space exists toallow someone in a wheelchair to have room to get in or out of their car. If there is a car in that space, the handicap parking spot is no longer useful.Some walkways have handrails next to them to it is a blind person seeking guidance or an elderly person seeking support, the rail is therefor walking. Sometimes the rail is blocked, by a parked bicycle for instance, and consequently made useless. As with the parking spot, this is of the rail’s use wou ld be less likely to mistake it for a bike rack (停
some of the people who are affected by the lack of education about facilities made me see that there is work to be done. If more people were educated about the proper uses of accommodations, there would be (30)_______(few) challenges for people with physical disabilities.
Section B 10%
Directions :Fill in each blank with a proper word chosen from the box. Each word can be used only once. Note that there is one word more than you need.
Could It Be a Work by Rembrandt (伦勃
Rembrandt is the most famous of the seventeenth-century Dutch painters.
However, there are __ 31 ____ whether some paintings attributed (归
Rembrandt were actually painted by him. One such painting is known as attributed to Rembrandt because of its style, and indeed the representation of the woman’s face is very much like that of portraits known to be by Rembrandt. But
there are problems with the painting that ____ 32 ____ it could not be a work by
First, there is something inconsistent (不一致) about the way the woman in
the ___ 33 ___ i s dressed. She is wearing a white linen cap of a kind that only
servants would wear— -yet the coat she is wearing has a _____ 34 ___ fur collar that no servant could
afford. Rembrandt, who was known for his attention to the details of his subjects' clothing, would not have been 35 of such an inconsistency.
Second, Rembrandt was a master of painting light and ________ 36 __ , but in this painting these
elements do not fit together. The face appears to be illuminated (照亮) by light ____ 37 ____ o nto it from below. But below the face is the dark fur collar, which would absorb light rather than reflect it. So the face should appear partially in shadow, which is not how it appears. Rembrandt would never have made such an error.
Finally, examination of the back of the painting _____ 38 __ that it was painted on a panel made
of several pieces of wood ___39___ together. Although Rembrandt often painted on wood panels (面板 ) s no painting known to be by Rembrandt was painted in this way.
For these reasons, the painting was ____ 40 __ from the official catalog of Rembrandt’s paintings
in the 1930s.
Section A 15%
Directions :For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.
A Question of Judgment
Human beings are, in principle, poor at considering background information when making individual decisions. At first glance, this might seem like a strength that __41__ people the ability to make judgments which are independent of __42__ factors. But in a world of quotas (配额) and limits — __43___, the world in which most professional people operate — Dr. Simonsohn reported in Psychological Science that it was actually a weakness since an inability to consider the big picture was leading decision-makers to be biased (有偏 见) by the daily samples they were working with. For example, he supposed that a judge fearful of appearing too soft on crime might be more likely to send someone to prison ___44___ he had already sentenced five or six other defendants (被告) only to forced community service on that day.
To __45_ this idea, Dr. Simonsohn. and his assistants turned their attention to the university-admissions process. Admissions officers interview hundreds of applicants every year, at a rate of 4% a day, and can offer entry to about 40% of them. In theory, the ___46__ of an applicant should not depend on the few others ___47__ randomly for interview during the same
day, but Dr. Simonsohn suspected the truth was otherwise.
He studied the results of 9,323 MBA interviews ___48___ by 31 admissions officers. The interviewers had rated applicants on a scale of one to five. This scale ___49___ numerous factors, including communication skills, personal drive, team-working ability and personal accomplishments, into consideration. The scores from this rating were ___50___ used in conjunction with an applicant's score on the GMAT, a standardized exam which is __51___ out of 800 points, to make a decision on whether to accept him or her.
Dr. Simonsohn found if the score of the previous candidate in a daily series of interviewees was 0.75 points or more higher than that of the one _52_ that, then the score for the next applicant would __53__by an average of 0.075 points. This might sound small, but to reverse the effects of such a decrease, a candidate would need 30 more GMAT points than would otherwise have been necessary.
As for why people behave this way, Dr. Simonsohn proposes that after accepting a number of strong candidates, interviewers might form the illogical expectation that a __54__ candidate “is due”. Regardless of the reason, if this sort of thinking proves to have a similar effect on the judgments of those in other fields, such as law and medicine, it could be responsible for far worse things than the __55__ of qualified business-school candidates.
Section B 22%
Directions :Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.
(A ) .
Roald Dahl - the author who entertained people with classics like Matilda, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and James and the Giant Peach - would have been 100 years old this year. Roald Dahl is most famous for the books he wrote for children, but he also wrote novels and short stories for adults, screenplays, and non-fiction, too!
Roald Dahl was born near Cardiff, in Wales in 1916. His parents were from Norway, and they named him after Roald Amundsen, the famous Norwegian explorer. Roald was sent off to boarding school when he was only nine years old. He was very homesick, and had a hard time
obeying the strict teachers and the headmaster. In those days, teachers would sometimes hit their students with a cane (藤条) when they misbehaved. This naturally made a lot of children very afraid of their teachers! Later on, Roald integrated this fear and distrust of adults into many of his children's books.
During World War II, Roald joined the Royal Air Force and flew missions over Africa, the Mediterranean, and the Middle East. At one point, his plane crashed in the Libyan Desert. He was temporarily blinded, and stranded in the middle of nowhere with a cracked skull and a broken nose. Fortunately, he was rescued, and within a few months had made a complete recovery. After his injuries forced him to leave the Air Force, Roald began writing. His first published piece was a magazine article about his plane crash. During the 1950s, he became an accomplished writer of short stories for adults. These stories usually featured mystery, suspense, and a twist ending.
In 1961, Roald published James and the Giant Peach, which tells the story of a young boy who attempts to escape from his two nasty, abusive aunts. The boy finally gets away by sailing across the ocean inside a magical. giant peach and befriends the giant bugs that live inside it. James and the Giant Peach was prompted by the bedtime stories Roald would make up for his young daughters. He said that it was a challenge to keep them interested and attentive--- he had to make his stories funny, exciting, and original. In 1964, he wrote his most famous book--- Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, in which a poor boy wins a “golden ticket” to tour a mysterious world.
56. How did Roald Dahl’s experiences in World War II influence his later writing?
A. He was a pilot, and his first publication was about a plane crash.
B. He was in Navy, and his first publication dealt with life aboard a ship.
C. He was in the Army, and his first publication was set in Nazi-occupied Europe.
D. He worked in a military factory, and his first publication was about factory life. 57. Many of Roald Dahl’s children’s stories were inspired by______ .
A. a vacation he took with his grandparents
B. his relationship with his parents
C. his time in the military
D. his time away at boarding school
58. What led Roald Dahl to write James and the Giant Peach?
A. His lifelong love of peaches.
B. The bedtime stories he told his daughters.
C. The insects he found in his garden.
D. The cruelty he experienced at the hands of his aunts.
59. Which of these statements is an opinion about Roald Dahl?
A. He was the greatest children's author of the 20th century.
B. He published more than a dozen books for children.
C. James and the Giant Peach was his first book for children.
D. Several of his books were adapted into successful movies.
60. Which holiday location doesn’t welcome young children?
A. Mountain Lodge. B. Pelican Resort.
B. Cedar Lodge. D. None of the above.
61. According to the holiday advertisement, which of the following is NOT TRUE?
A. Both Mountain Lodge and Pelican Resort are close to the coast.
B. Tourists can't visit Pelican Resort in May because of the restoration.
C. All meals are included if tourists choose to go to the Pelican Resort.
D. Canoeing and cycling are provided at no extra cost at Cedar Lodge.
62. A holiday in Mountain Lodge for a couple with 12-year-old twin girls and a 3-year-old boy costs
Children 11 years and under are 50%. Children 4 years and under are free.
A. $825 B. $990 C. $1320 D. $1650
France, which prides itself as the global innovator of fashion, has decided its fashion industry has lost an absolute right to define physical beauty for woman. Its lawmakers gave preliminary (
Such measures have a couple of uplifting motives. They suggest beauty should not be defined by looks that end up with impinging onhealth. That’s a start. And the ban on ultra-thin models seems to go beyond protecting models from starving themselves to health, as some have done. It tells the fashion industry that it must take responsibility for the signal it sends to women, especially teenage girls, about the social standard they must use to determine their individual worth.
The bans, if fully enforced, would suggest to woman (and many men) that they should not let others be judges of their beauty. And perhaps faintly, they hint that people should look to other qualities like character and intellect rather than dieting their way to size zero or wasp-waist (黄蜂腰体型 ).
The French measures, however, rely too much on severe punishment to change a culture that still regards beauty as skin-deep and bone-showing. Under the law, using a fashion model that does not meet a government-defined index of body mess could result in a $85,000 fine and six months in prison.
The fashion industry knows it has an inherent problem in focusing on material decoration and idealized body types. In Denmark, the United States, and a few other countries, it is trying to set voluntary standard for models and fashion images that rely more on peer pressure for enforcement.
In contrast to France’s actions, Denmark’s fashion industry agreed last month on rules and punishments regarding age, health, and other characteristics of models. The newly revised Danish Fashion Ethical Charter (伦 理 准 则 ) dearly states: “We are aware of and take responsibility for the
impact the fashion industry has on body ideals, especially on young people.^
Relying on ethical persuasion rather than law to address the misuse of body ideals may be the best step. Even better would be to help elevate concepts of beauty beyond the material standards of a particular industry.
63. According to the first paragraph, what would happen in France?
A. Physical beauty would be redefined.
B. New catwalks would be constructed.
C. Websites about dieting would boom.
D. The fashion industry would decline.
64. The phrase “ impinging on” (Line2, Para2) is closest in meaning to ______ .
A. increasing the value of B. indicating the state of
C. losing faith in D. doing harm to
65. Which of the following is TRUE of the fashion industry?
A. The French measures have already failed.
B. New standards are being set in Denmark.
C. Models are no longer under peer pressure.
D. Its inherent problems are getting worse.
66. Which of the following may be the best title of the text?
A. Just Another Struggle for Beauty
B. A Prospect for the Starving Models in France
C A Challenge to the Fashion Industry’s Body Ideals
C. Threats io the Fashion Industry
Section C 8%
Directions :Read the passage carefully. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each sentence can be used only once. Note that there are two more sentences than you need.
In 2009, the number of hungry people in the world reached one billion for the first time. It's difficult not to be shocked by the fact that more than one in seven people in the world do not have enough to eat. __67__ Hunger kills more people per year than diseases such as AIDS, malaria (症疾) and TB (肺结核) combined.
The UN estimates that almost two thirds of the world's hungry people are in Asia, which is of course the world's most populous continent. __68__ Although this region has a much lower population than Asia, it has the highest percentage of hungry people. Almost all of the rest are in Latin America, North Africa and the Caribbean. In the richest regions of the world there are only a tiny number of people who don't have enough to eat.
__69__ They include wars, droughts, floods, and the over-use of farming land. All these factors affect food production. Many people also blame greedy businessmen for pushing up the prices of basic foods in the global market. But the most important reason, quite simply, is poverty, which has increased recently due to the financial crisis of 2008.
Although many people make the obvious point that there would be less hunger if the global population were smaller, few people would argue that there is not enough food to go around. The basic problem seems to be not a lack of food, but its distribution. In the last 50 years, global food production has risen even more quickly than the global population. There are many areas of the world in which people generally have more than enough food. __70__ The answer to world hunger, therefore, may be a balanced food distribution around the whole world. Everyone will have enough to eat, but not overeat.
IV. Summary Writing 10%
Directions :Read the following passage. Summarize the main idea and the main point(s) of the passage in no more than 60 words. Use your own words as far as possible.
Teaching Is “One of the Least Popular Jobs in the UK”
The UK government has just published a report on the future of secondary school teaching, and the conclusion of the report is that many secondary schools now face great difficulties in finding people who want to be teachers. Since the 1980s, the number of graduates who would “seriously consider” teaching as a career has fallen sharply, from 64% in 1982 to just 17% today. The report suggests that urgent action needs to be taken in order to encourage more intelligent young graduates into teaching.
The main drawback (
It's not just about the money, however. The survey concluded that another reason why people donn’t want to be teachers is that some teenagers behave very badly in school. A lot of schools have problems with discipline, and it seems clear that children do not have the same respect for teachers as in the past. Here’s the view of Dave Hallam, an accountant from London: “I think parents are to blame. They should have stricter rules with their children at home and also teach their children to have more respect for teachers.”
The report is clear that the problem of teacher shortage is a very serious one. It says that the government should raise teachers’ pay significantly, to catch up with workers in other professions. It also indicates that the government could launch a nationwide publicity campaign, with some advertisements on TV and in the newspapers, to show the positive sides of teaching to young people.
V. Translation 15%
Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 72. 三轮激烈的电视辩论之后, Trump 当选为美国总统。(elect)
VI. Guided Writing 25%
Directions :Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.
学校学生广播台在酿改版,拟从现有的三个栏目(科学技术、兴趣爱好、 学艺术) 中去除一个,并从三个备选栏目(、保、健身)中挑一个纳入该电 台目。假设你是该校学生华,给校广播台长写一封电子邮件,表你的观点。邮件 须包括以下内
1-5 CBCAD 6-10 CADDC
11-13 CBC 14-16 DCB 17-20 DCDB
21 faced 22 what 23 have used/have been using 24 raising 25 without
26 As(So) long as 27 who/ that 28 Whether 29 are informed/have been informed 30 fewer
31-40 HKDCB JFIAG
Section A 41-45 ABDAA DCCCB CDDBA
Section B 56-59 ADBA 60-62 CDC 63-66 ADBC
Section C 67-70 FABD
It is reported that many secondary schools in UK have trouble enrolling young teachers due to the low salary and the bad behavior of the youth in school. To change the situation, parents should be strict with the kids to back teachers up and the governments are encouraged to improve teachers’ income and publicize the positive image of teaching.
Secondary schools in UK experienced difficulties recruiting young teachers. The reasons are low salary and the kid’ s bad behavior, which push talents to business occupations with twice income. Therefore, poorly behaved students need to obey stricter rules and parents need to disciplinethem at home. Also, government should increase teachers’ income and promote a teaching campaign to display teaching’ s bright side.